Page images

says :


turned to Glasgow for his fifth session. In one of his Although his famous and spirit-stirring lyric, "Ye notes he says :-

Mariners of England,” was not published until several "After my return from Mull, I supported myself during years afterwards, when it appeared first in the Morning the winter by private tuition. Among other scholars, I had || Chronicle, yet Dr. Beattie thinks that it was composed a youth nained Cuninghame, who is now, Lord Cuning. || in Edinburgh during 1799, after the model of an old hame, in the Justiciary Court of Edinburgh.” From a letter of his Lordship to Dr. Beattie, he ap

song, Ye Gentlemen of England.” He entered into pears to have been boarded in Mr. Campbell's family || descriptive of Scottish history, under the title of "The

an engagement with Mr. Mundall for another poem, during this session. Campbell was greatly captivated by the lectures of Professor Miller, under whom the Queen of the North;” and arrangements for its illuslate Lord Melbourne studied for some time, and from tration were made with Mr. Williams, a landscape whom he probably imbibed those constitutional princi- | painter

, but the work was never completed. ples to which he was strongly attached. Professor

THE GERMAN PILGRIMAGE. Miller nearly succeeded in making the poet a lawyer, that task in which the solicitor had failed ; and he left Leith for Hamburgh. The object of the journey,

In the summer of 1800, the poet and his brother

to a young man whose finances were not in a grati. " At that time, had I possessed but a few hundred pounds, to have subsisted upon in studying law, I believe I should ||fying state, is not rendered clear. His reception bare bid adieu to the Muses, and gone to the bar; but I had amongst the British residents at Hamburgh was highly no choice in the matter."

Hattering, for the "Pleasures of Hope" had preceded Perhaps it was well for the world that he was so their author, From Hamburgh he went forward to constrained and shut in by poverty on every side. || Ratisbon, from which he dates on the 10th August, This session closed his college life; and he began the and where he arrived in time to witness the defeat of world as a tutor in the family of General Napier, who the Austrians, under Klenau, by the French. His letters vas residing at Downie; but he disliked the profes- || describe the German scenery with more enthusiasm sion.

than accuracy. He explains the fascination of one

valley, as caused from its combination of the wildness The poet made many attempts to become a lawyer. Il of a Scotch glen with the verdure of an English garHe went to Edinburgh-proposed to establish a maga- | den. At that time he had not seen an English garzine-found employment, through Mr.Cuninghame's re- den, and could scarcely be deemed a competent coinmendation, in the Registry House—was subsequently witness. At Ratisbon he lay for a considerable engaged in the office of a Mr. Whytt,” and being time while the country around was being devasintroduced to Dr. Robert Anderson, received through || tated by contending armies. He was detained in him an engagement for an abridged edition of “ Bryan that city until October

, 1800. He heard there of Edward's West Indies,” for which he was to be paid the death of Mr. Mundell, and seems to have enter£20. He returned to Glasgow, to meet a brother whom tained great fears that his arrangements with the house he had never seen, and to finish his abridgement. I would be quashed in consequence. These fears were The idea of publishing a magazine still haunted him ; partially relieved, and on the 4th of November he was but funds were wanting, and the intention was drop-1 writing to Mr. Richardson, from Altona. During ped. At that time he wrote “The Wounded Hussar” his German journey, he professed, at all proper interand “ The Dirge of Wallace,” two of his most popular vals, to be still engaged on the “Q. N.” This letters ļyrics. At the age of nineteen he was again in Edin. || from Germany are not very interesting. They are burgb, fagging for Messrs. Mundall and Son, the pub- most frequently addressed to Mr. Richardson, and lishers, at a very limited rate of remuneration. Find- are full of anticipations regarding their future ing his revenue contracted beneath what he had con- | journies. From detached hints in the letters, it apteinplated, he formed arrangements to proceed to pears that Mr. Perry, of the Morning Chronicle, was, Virginia, in America, but the state of his health set at the time, paying Mr. Campbell for his poems from them aside.

He then returned with his family to the seat of war. In his correspondence from Altona, Edinburgh, worked hard for the booksellers, mixed Campbell mentions “The Exile of Erin” in a way amongst the literary society of Edinburgh in 1798, that should settle the foolish dispute once raised in and commenced to write “The Pleasures of Hope.”

Ireland regarding its authorship. Poets have their He resided at this time in a small house on St. John's tricks of trade like publishers and other men. In Hill; and of the young men then resident in Edin- one of the letters to Richardson, initialed “T. C.," burgh, with whom he associated, several raised them- we find him saying, "I request your cantion most selves to eminence and consideration. Amongst them, || earnestly, about what I have said about the 'Queen of We find the names of the present Lords Cockburn the North. Keep up the public mind.From Perry

The “ Pleasures of Hope” were he expected fifty pounds for twenty-four pieces of finished while the author was still in his 20th year, poetry, to be polished in the best style that a regard and sold to the Mundalls for £60 in cash and for his reputation could induce. Next year he was books; “ but for two or three years the publish to furnish twenty pieces for the saine sum. Thc ens gave him fifty pounds on every new edition.” price was to be raised. He calculated that in HunThe

poem, although cheaply sold, acquired for the gary he could live with his friend Mr. Richardson at author a standing in literary society which he a cost of ten shillings per week for each; and " for did not previously possess ; and

, perhaps

, the pub-| four pounds a-piece they could walk from Altona to lishers made a sufficient risk in giving even £60 in Munich." hand for a poem, by “a young mau” whose fame still Mr. Campbell rebutted the charge respecting the mored within a narrow circle.

“Exile of Erin,” most decisively. The question was

[ocr errors]

and Brougham.


conclusively settled by the certificate of Lord Vu-|| two Scottish vessels in convoy, and they were carried gent, a relative of the person by whom the song to Yarmouth along with the English fleet. Mr. was said to have been composed; and who intimated Campbell's first visit to England was therefore made that, for a considerable period, Mr. Nugent, the sup- involuntarily, and it was he cause of great regret to posed author, by the Monaghan version, was quite lim. He landed in London with only a few shillings familiar with the song; knew it in Campbell's Works, in his pocket, for all his resources had been expended and never hinted a doubt of the authorship. The in assisting a friend at Altona. In London he found curious charge was chiefly got up by the editor of a none of his acquaintances, and he had never seen Mr. provincial paper, in a small Irish town, who professed Perry of the Morning Chronicle. He was obliged, notto draw his information from Mr. Nugent's sister. | withstanding, to call upon him and to explain his situaThe circumstances connected with the song were all tion. Mr. Perry was a generous friend, to whom many well known to a party of Irish exiles whom Campbell young men were indebted for their advancement in life. met in Germany; by whom it was first sung, and on Writing to one of his Scotch correspondents, the poet whose account it bad been composed. Campbell says, “I have found Perry. His reception was warm passed the winter of 1800 and 1801 at Altona, making and cordial, beyond what I had any right to expect. occasional excursions into other parts of Germany. l' I will be your friend,' said the good man. 'I will His beautiful verses addressed to Judith, the Jewess, be all that you could wish me to be.'” In reference were also written in Altona. To his residence into this first visit to London, he says, in his own Germany we are indebted for some of his best lyrics- || notes, “calling on Perry one day, he showed me a of those splendid compositions whose every line is a letter from Lord Holland, asking about me, and exhousehold word, and which will live while our lan- || pressing a wish to have me to dine at the King guage endures. The “Battle of Hohenlinden," and of Clubs. Thither with his lordship I accordingly the “Soldier's Dream,” were undoubtedly of German repaired, and it was era in my life. There origin. The “Wounded Hussar” was written before I met, in all their glory and feather, Mackintosh, he saw the banks of the Danube ; and he never was Rogers, the Smiths, Sydney, and others.” So in America, although the scenery of Wyoming is said || by accident and mishap he was thrown into the centre to be accurately described in his “ Gertrude." of the Whig literary coteries ; but an affliction was

All his countrymen must regret that his “Queen prepared for him even then; for a friend, meeting him of the North” never appeared. She was the subject on the streets of London, hinted to him the serious of his day-thoughts and night-dreams, in Germany. | illness of his father, in such terms as led him to anticiAll his letters refer to his projects in reference to this pate that parent's death. His worst fear on the subgreat work; and we can hardly forbear from quoting |ject was realised. His father had completed his the following outline of what he meant to do for ninety-first year; and of his seven sons, who had Edinburgh in the matter :

reached the years of manhood, “not one was present

to close his eyes.” While proceeding to Leith, by But to finishing my · Queen of the North.' I have already mentioned how shocked I should be at the idea of

sea, for the purpose of visiting his mother, a lady who leaving my honour unfulfilled. I expect, besides pieces to

had read his poems, without knowing Mr. Campbell, Perry, to have much done in it before you come out, but

for surprised him by expressing her regret that the poet want of matter I cannot possibly perfect it till then. I find had been arrested in London on a charge of high this subject fertile in good episodes. The parting apostrophe to Edinburgh is supposed to be from shipboard, by treason, was confined in the Tower, and would probably moonlight. The feelings of my heart are still as warm to be executed. On arriving at Edinburgh, he found it as they were when I saw it vanishing. I then mean to transport myself, in imagination, to the castle height, and

his mother acquainted with, and greatly troubled by, describe the sensations that would naturally arise from the rumour. He therefore determined to wait on taking in with the eye the most remarkable scenery | the Sheriff, Mr. Clerk, and report his position. That visible from that point. I mean to describe the view from Queen Street; then if anything romantio or classical can

worthy functionary frankly told him that they were be connected with it, any of the mountain scenery obvious aware of his guilt; but they did not want to see him. to the eye from that point. The plain pastoral sublimity of He asked the grounds of their charge, and was told Arthur's Seat is next to be noticed--and if any scene be visible that it seems you have been conspiring with Gefrom thence, it will find a place in the poem. One of the places of Mary's refuge is to be seen from its top: Afterneral Moreau, in Austria, and with the Irish at Hama sketch of the murder-closet of Rizzio, and the hall of the burgh, to get a French army landed in Ireland. Scottish Kings, an episode on the college will conclude the poem."

You attended Jacobin clubs at Hamburgh, and you

came over from thence in the same vessel with The extract shows that Campbell was not familiar || Donavan, who commanded a regiment of the rebels at with Edinburgh. “If any scene be visible from Ar- / Vinegar-hill.”' thur's Seat ?" In the absence of a thick fog there A box, with a number of his papers, had been seized is scenery visible from Arthur's Seat sufficient to serve at Leith, in the expectation of finding treasonable an indefinite number of poets. Early in the spring documents amongst his manuscripts. “The Exile of of 1801 war was declared against Denmark, the Erin” would rather have been against him at this pinch, English residents were obliged to abandon Altona, | but “Ye Mariners of England' was also found in the and Campbell sailed for England on the 6th of March. || arrested box, and turned the scale. The end of his They were allowed to pass the Danish batteries examination is told by himself. “The Sheriff began without molestation, and sailed under convoy to to smoke the whole bubble, and said, “This comes of England. Thus the poet lost his promised sum-trusting a Hamburgh spy. Mr. Campbell,' he said, mer tour in Germany; and the world gained, in 'this is a cold wet evening—what do you say to our the language of his biographer, “his noblest lyric, having a bottle of wine during the examination of your the Battle of the Baltic.'” There were only Il democratic papers ?


[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]


No man


The fate of Donovan was fortunate, and his story,

Ill would it suit to ask a poet's food as told by Mr. Campbell, is ridiculous :

In vulgar phrase, ignobly understood!'

Then stood the culinary maiden dumb,
"A twelvemonth afterwards I met Donovan in London, And slowly twirl'd each circumvolvent thumb,
and recognised my gaunt Irish friend, looking very dismal. Astounded-list’ning to the voice sublime

Ha! Donovan,' said I, I wish you joy, my good fellow, Of oral thunders, and lambic rhyme :-
in getting out of the tower, where I was told they had impri- “ Bring me the beef-the dulcet pudding bring ;
soned you, and were likely to treat you like another Sir Or fry the mud-lark's odoriferous wing;
William Wallace.' Och,' said he, 'good luck to the Or simmering greens with soft rotation turn,
Tower-black was the day-and it was only a week ago- Champ'd in the luscious treasure of the churn !
that I was turned out of it. Would that any one could get Then pour the brown ale, rich as ever ran
me into it for life !' My stars ! and were you not in con-

From Balder's horn, or Edin's creamy can!
finement ? • Tschach! ne'er the bit of it. The Govern- Blest in that honest draught, let none repine
ment allowed me a pound sterling a day as a State prisoner. For nect'rous noyeau or ambrosial wine ;
The Tower gaoler kept a glorious table ; and he let me out to But-lest my waining wealth refuse to raise
walk where I liked all day long, perfectly secure that I should So fair a feast, in these degenerate days-
returu at meal-times. And then, besides, he had a nice Take from this splendid shilling, what may find
pretty daughter.'

. And don't you go and see her Some sweet refection of a sober mind, in the tower?' Why, no, my dear fellow. The course

Yon earth-born apple, vegetable grace of true love never yet run smoon.' I discovered that she Of Erin's sons-a blunder-loving race; had no money; and she found out that my Irish estates,

Well could that food of bulls delight me now, and all that I had told her about their being confiscated in Mixt with the mantling beverage of the cow; the Rebellion, was sheer blarney. So, when the day arrived My vaccine milk on 'tatoes sweet should pour, that your merciless Government ordered me to be liberated And fruit and liquor charm our fairy-footed bower !!” as a State prisoner, I was turned adrift on the wide world, and glad to become a reporter to one of the newspapers.''

Lord Minto, who had been employed on an extraordiMr. Campbell's domestic concerns bore heavily upon with Germany, met Mr. Campbell, by his own desire, at

nary mission to the court of Vienna, and was acquainted him at this juncture. His mother and sisters were

the house of the late Dugald Stewart, and afterwards dependent on him for support. His brothers were

treated the poet with great respect. The Minto family either too far away or unable to share the debt; but the poet nobly met this duty; and through his life- I turn for that work. The present Earl has had his share

are always engaged in special missions. They have a time never shrunk from any expenditure necessary to of it in Italy during the present year, to very,

little secure the comfort of his relatives.

good purpose. His father was a Tory-Campbell was better discharged, in these respects, the duties of a son

a Whig or a Radical—but it is greatly to the nobleand of a brother. The companionship of gay and man's credit, that in times when political differences wealthy friends never dazzled him into forgetfulness of ran high, he did not permit them to interfere with his his humble but esteemed relatives ; although often the private friendship, to which Campbell refers in the folmeans necessary to secure their comfort were obtained

lowing extract : under great privations to them, and to many of the

“ My history since I left you has not been much brighter friends amongst whom he moved, altogether unknown. than many other spots of my life. I was attacked again at

During the food riots at Edinburgh, in the year Liverpool with a resurrection of my winter complaint. The 1501, Mr. Campbell began part of a poem, entitled remedy has been an obstacle to what I ought principally to “The Mobiade," which was never printed until it ap- namely, my numerous introdnctions. I have not delivered peared in this work, although it was in a style dif- above one half of my letters; nor have I found myself in ferent altogether from his other poems. He seems to

spirits to call upon the generality of those persons whose ac

quaintance I have formed. I began letters to Graham and to have been at the time unfavourable to monopolies——to Brougham, all of which I threw into the fire ; for, unless have been living before his age; and he might have

one has pleasant thoughts to communicate, what is the use of

correspondence? Horner would inform you of my present effectually aided the Corn-law Rhymer, if his engage- residence. Lord Minto has shown me great kindness, and ments and circumstances had permitted him to turn conferred that kindness with delicacy. At an early period his mind in that direction.

of our acquaintance, I had a conversation with him on the

ticklish subject of politics, in which it was my design that Our extracts are neither from the beginning nor the he should have my confession of faith; and, if that were inend of this curious poem :

consistent with his good opinion, that our acquaintance

should drop. I told him that my principles were Republican; “ Thus, when Monopoly's briarean bands

and that my opinion of the practicability of a Republican Had dragg'd her harrow o'er a hundred lands;

form of government had not been materially affected by all But chief, the terrors of her gorgon frown

that had happened in the French Revolution. I added ibat Had seared Edina's faint and famish'd town ;

my oldest and best friends were even of the same creed, and Theo want, the griffin, champ'd, with iron claws, attributed my opinion in politics to my attendance on the Our shudderiog hearts and agonising maws;

lectures of John Miller. Lord Minto is a Tory of the Burke Chased from our plunder'd boards each glad regale school. He censured the opinions of the opposite sect very Of vermeil bam, brown becf, and buxom ale !

strongly; but said that he never cherished an illiberal dis. Ah me! no strepent goose at Christmas tide,

like to young and candid errors of judgment. I see him but Hiss'd in the strangler's hand, and kick'd and died ! once a day, at breakfast, for he is abroad the rest of the day. No trembling jellies, nor ambrosial pie,

His conversation is very instructive, from his intimate acRegaled the liquorish mouth and longing eye- quaintance with political facts and characters; and, though Red sunk December's last dishonour'd sun,

his creed is not favourable to political liberty, it has no mixAnd the young year's-day pass'd without a bun!” ture of personal asperity.' The poet runs on in the half-satirical, half-pleasant “Lochiel's Warning” was written at Minto House, vein for some time, till he reaches his own wishes on during the night. It has the character of an inspiration. the subject:

The poet's evening thoughts had been turned to “Nor ceased my day-dream till the waning hours the wizard's warning, and in course of the night he

Had sbook fair fancy from her throne of flowers;
And o'er my heart's emotions, less divine,

awoke, repeating the idea for which he had been searchImperious warn'd th' esuriené bard to dine!

ing for days, rung for the servant, had a cup of tea, Yet—when my bell it's awful summons rung, and produced “ Lochiel's Warning” before day dawn. And menial Mary beard its iron tongue

Of that poem Mr. Telford wrote, “I am absolutely Not in plebian prose, I spoke aloud, When mortal Wants th' immortal spirit bow'd, vain of Thomas Campbell. There was never anything

like him—he is the very spirit of Parnassus. Have you || linden,' were pronounced to be worthy of his reputation. seen his Lochiel ? He will surpass everything ancient Calling one morning to consult Mrs. Dugald Stewart on a or modern—your Pindars, your Drydens, and your | Lochiel, and read it to her. She listened in.mate attention. Greys. I expect nothing short of a Scotch Milton, a But as soon as he had closed the last couplet, she ruse

gravely from her cbair, walked across the room, and laying Shakspeare, or something more than either.” There || her hand gently upon his bead, said . This will bear another are some interesting particulars in the following extract | wreath of laurel yei!' and, without another word, returned to regarding "Lochiel's Warning":

her seat. But she was evidently much moved; and this,' said

Campbell, ‘made a stronger impression upon iny mind It was justly remarked, by a late physician of much than if she bad spoken in a strain of the loftiest panegyric. experience, that "vigorous bodily health and great aptitude | It was one of the principal incidents in my life that gave me for poetry are rarely united in the same frame. The rule contidence in my own powers.'. has many exceptions; but the disposition to study is gene- " Lochiel's Warning,' and 'Hohenlinden,' were intended rally in an inverse ratio 10 a state of physical strength, the for the new quarto edition only; but, at the request of his tone of which may be lowered without prejudice to the

friends, they were printed anonymously, and dedicated to highest operations of the mind. Health and elastic spirits the Rev. Mr. Alison.” have a natural tendency to carry their possessor into active pursuits, away from study; whilst delicate bealth and a On the 10th September, 1803, Mr. Campbell was languid circulation have the opposite and necessary ten- married to his cousin, Miss Matilda Sinclair, a lady dency of inducing habits of thought and meditation. Some of the finest compositions in our language appear to liave whom the Turkish ambassador at Paris, who should been written while their authors were suffering from habi- have been competent to form an opinion on the subject, tual ill health. It may be observed through the whole of Campbell's letters, that whenever his mind is actively en

pronounced to be the most beautiful woman in Europe. gaged on any new theme, languor, lassitude, and all those

MARRIED LIFE. ills that a parturient fancy is heir to, are subjects of frequent complaint. And so it turned out on the present occasion ; Mr. and Mrs. Campbell led a happy life in London for, while in one of his letters he says that, in London, his and its neighbourhood. The lady was too wise to be transcribe two or three piecos which Lord Minto requested extravagant; and Campbell wrought hard, and was sucfor bis own keeping'- he had composed both ‘Lochiel' || cessful in obtaining lucrative employment, with which and · Hohenlinden," which afforol abundant proof, that his name was not connected. His correspondence at however depressed in physical health, his intellectual powers were in full and perfect vigour. As soon as these that period was cheerful, yet cares harassed him even poems were finished, his health revived ; and, returning to Edinburgh, he again took up his residence with his mother drew hard upon the means of a literary man, living

then. His house in London, and his house in Edinburgh, and sisters in Alison Square. The list of subscribers to the quarto edition of his poems could now boast of the most exclusively by his own labour, constrained to dine out distinguished names in the kingdom ; but to give the frequently, and to enact the lion. The passion for it should contain several recent pieces, to which he was to military exercises was then, in 1803, in full bloom; give the finishing touches during the summer.

and although Campbell, like “Maunsie Wauch,” was “ In answer to a letter, repeating the invitation to Rox- | the father of a small family, yet, he was compelled to burghshire, Campbell thus writes :

become a volunteer; in some corps a costly proceeding. ""TO THE RIGHT HON. LORD MINTO.

" • Edinburgh, June 29th, 1802. The following extracts show the points of the thorns ". My Lord, - It gave me much pleasure to learn by your among the roses, and how he bore them :lordship's letter of the 28th, that the fever is now banished from your amiable family. I congratulate your lordship

“ In the volunteer corps to which the Poet belonged, some upon your happy retirement among your paternal woods

verses were handed about, which sbow that be lost no occaand monntains, and wish that I had the muse of Minto be

sion for maintaining, in all its natire vigour, the glorious side nie, to indite that congratulation in numbers worthy of spirit of independence. They were suggested,' he said, the scene.

by the gallant promise made by our beloved Monarch, that " • I returned to Edinburgh-not, to be sure, with all the

in case of invasion, he would be found in the hour of dan

The stanzas are among satisfaction that one would feel in retiring to a paternal ger, at the head of his troops ! house and estate ; but not without sincere delight in visiting the rejected pieces, and, perhaps, long forgotten; but as the scene of so many friends and favourites. I have seen

they embrace an interesting point of history, I have ventured the worthy family of Lothian House; and, imme- to reprint them from the original:diately on receipt of your lordship's letter, communi. ON JAMES IV, OF SCOTLAND, WHO FELL AT THE BATTLE OF cated to them the agreeable news of your young one's being recovered. Nothing could be so agreeable to me as to ««'Twas he that ruled our country's heart embrace your lordsbip's invitation to set out to Minto

With more than royal sway, immediately ; but my fear respecting my health having

But Scotland saw her James depart, rather increased than diminished, and my spirits being in

And sickened at his stay ; consequence subject to aların and depression, I should wish

She heard his fate, she wept her grief, to continue a little longer under that advice in which I con

That James—her loved, her gallant chieffide so implicitly; and to come a strong and doughty wight,

Was gone for evermore! before I set off for Minto, to enter the lists with Bruce and

But this she learnt, tbat ere he fellWallace.

Oh, men-Oh, patriots ! mark it well! ««• I have shown Löchiel to several friends here, and have

His fellow-soldiers round his fall, found your lordship's idea of the vulgarity of hanging"

Enclosed him like a living wall, more than once suggested. I own, however, that I am not

Mixing their kindred gore ! so lost to paternal affection as to have my eyes opened to

Nor was the day of Flodden done, the defects of my youngest fugitive. As to hanging, I bave

Till tbey were slaughtered, one by one! still a strong hankering after tbat punishment, from having

And this may proudly show, learnt accidentally tbat Lochiel's brother actually suffered

When kings are patriots, none will fly! that death. Whether it might be proper to describe the

When such a king was doomed to dieprocess of hanging or not, I certainly think tbat

Who would death forego ? some advantage might be taken of the above fact,

"T. C.' in heightening the horror of the wizard's address. As soon as I have put the piece into its regenerated and, after a great field-day, thus writes to Mr. Richardson :

“ The poet was very regular in his attendance at drill; state, I will send it to your lordship, probably in two or three days. With sincerest and respectful compliments to

December -Out on St. Andrew's day at the muster of the

North Britons. But oh! what a fagging work this volun. all the family of Minto, I have the honour to be,-Your||teering is! Eight bours under a musket! Nor was this lordship's very grateful humble servant,

all, for he adds, ' Bensley, the printer, with all his devils, " Thomas CAMPBELL.'

is upon me for an account of £100, besides boxes, porterage, “Having been criticised and approved in the circle of his and Heaven knows what. It gives me the nightmare co private friends, the new poems of 'Lochiel,' and 'Hohen-JI think of it. . . I had a debt of $30 from one bookseller


[ocr errors]

alone, when the braw' uniform of the North Britons, || and, as the weapons he had formerly discharged in the serfirst estimated at £10, has swelled to £25, with dress and vice of Poland might now be returned with interest, he beundress, haversack, accoutrements, &c.; and as I made them came less anxious to push the question. a speech I could not be off!

I wish earnestly you “ In the meantime, however, the secret transpired; and could save rre from Bensley, for he sends me home in low | the perty rexations to which he was consequently exposed, spirits every time I meet him! The sum you stated give a painful interest to his letters. 'Mr. — he says, is a very plentiful production from the Edinburgh payments. · hearing, I suppose, of my outlandish appointment, refused Would that I had such treatment in London!.. I am my mother twenty pounds at my demand. Will you, my sea-sick of it.

dear fellow, give her ten; for it requires five to make up her ** I will settle in Edinburgh whenever my quarter of the half-year's annuity, and she will require tive more to send to lodgings is ont; in a cottage or any box such as I spoke of Glasgow.

That name calls up the bitterest feelbefore marringe. I still adhere to one acre, if I can't have lines of reflection, occasioned by an event which I mention more. How happy, happy I should be, to see you and my to you in confidence. I have this day received a letter, annodear little Matilda smiling like the two cherubims in the nymously written in a female hand, signed by a member of temple one on each side of me. I am sure you will like the Glasgow Female Society,"upbraiding me in the grossest ber, and that is more than admiring. The only bar to our terms, for abandoning a near relation to poverty and distress. being perpetually together must be, that I am determined “ This relative," it says, “has none to support her.” to hare my dear one in the country-out of the reach of Now, if this letter be written at the instance, or founded "family interference. But a place to your mind may on the complaints of that relative, it is the very person with surely be got, and we should always have a spare bed for whom I have, year after year, divided my last guinea ! you and yours. Fortasse bæc olim meminesse juvabit.

As to my mother, it is hard to blame her for God bless you, the Hills, and the Grahames !

not supporting others, when she cannot support herself.

"• T. C.' And me, who, in labouring for scanty bread, can barely “ These extracts afford some notion of the cares, hopes, afford an income to my mother, it seems still more ungeneand perplexities alternately passing through his mind; but rous to load with claims and reproaches so entirely overapxiety regarding pecuniary matters was soon removed by whelming. It is not, as God is my witness, possible for me the active co-operation of his friend. • Bensley and all his to answer for a double annuity, and the little I give to my devils' were speedily exorcised by a cash remittance from mother will not bear divisiou. All this I must explain to Edinburgh; and now, relieved from his late apprebensions, tbe edification of the Glasgow society, before I can wrest the poet falls into a pleasant dream of the future, which he my name from tbe reproach of being unnatural; but one thus interprets:-'I received your welcome letter yesterday. || feels reluctant to publish one's poverty, even in vindication I wish to Heaven I could answer it. It is long, interesting: Il of character. and, like yonrself, the good old boy! But no- I am asleep! “Nihil habet infelix paupertas durius in se, Nod I go; dead asleep. Here I dream a dream of

Quam quod ridiculos homines facit.'" futurity :-“ Bring the mocha. My dear, will the pipes offend yoa?” “Ob uo; not at all. I like the smell of Oro

Even thus early Mr. Campbell had some embarrassnoko." Well, putf, puff. But, pray, my dear, do sparements, it appears; but they arose from a benevolent dismy beautiful grate." (pause.)

“Well, 1. do de- || position, and the discharge of duties that he could not clare, Mr. Richardson, times are very bad ; one can't have a family of daughters without amazing expense; and sons are

wish to avoid. The negotiations for the Wilna Proso extravagant!" To be sure, Mr. Campbell

, but your fessorship went on ; but wife is a notable woman, and your daughters are so accomplished.” Why, yes, poor things; but they want por

" Shortly after the date of this letter, his ardour in the tions—that is, until my next epic poem is out.”

canvass was rather damped by 'fears of an involuntary trip (Long pause : enter divers persons in male attire into the

to Siberia.' He foresaw ihat if installed in the University of dreamer's brain, whom the poet calls his friend's sons.] || culcate any opinions but those to which he had already given

Wilna, he could never, without direliction of principle, in" John, you are too young to marry!". Sir, my father married younger!". "Ah, eh bien ! foolish children! Let

emphatic utterance in his poenis. Before he had weighed Matilda have him.

the question maturely, be thought otherways; be imagined * The poet then awakes from his dream of future inter

that if once fuirly seated in the chair, he might have promarriages, and remembering that his friend's letter con.

moted the regeneration of Poland,' and thus realized the tained an important announcement, thus concludes :- 1

wish nearest bis heart. But a little reflection taught him wish you joy, my friend! Give my kiss by proxy to the fair

that such a cause might have involved him in certain ruin. intended. She will like the representative better than the

All further negotiations were therefore discontinued; he constituent.

I delight to tell secrets. Frank preferred the honour of advocating at home the cause of Clason bas published a large political tract, called “Ao Ap.

an oppressed people, who could only thank him in their peal to the People of Great Britain, on Buonaparte's Ambi

prayers, to the emoluments of this, or any other post in the iion”—Motto, Tros Tyriusve,” &c. I want to surprise hun gift of Russia. In this resolution he was confirmed by the with a review of it

; and it shall be done in three approbation of his friends, through whose influence he had weeks.

""T. C.'

the offer of another academical cbair, which would have amply

indemnified him for the loss of Wilna; but with improving A singular purpose crossed Mr. Campbell's mind at prospects in London, and a growing relish for domestic rethis time—nothing else than taking service under the tirement, the offer was gratefully declined.” Russian Government as a Professor at Wilna. He

At this period of his life, the poet's happiness, says seriously entertained the proposal; and yet his conduct his biographer, was most complete, and his "goodwas inexplicable after the publication of “The Plea-heartedness” unbounded; but he confesses to a considersures of Hope,” and the promulgation of his extreme able share of anxieties in the following note respecting opinions on the Polish question. He could not retract

a disagreement with his Edinburgh publisher:these opinions; and if he could have forgotten them,

" • July 14, 1804.

"A poet is born to trouble as the sparks fly upwards. I their memory would have been preserved by others. I have only one consolation, and that is the idea of having The negotiation was, however, seriously entertained yourself in Edinburgh to act as my friend in a business that and progressed in the following fashion :

requires both secrecy and trouble. The bare mention of

the word secrecy may perhaps alarm the delicacy of a mind “It was desirable, however, that the wishes of Campbell so little prone to coucealment; but it is really necessary, and should not be published until his election was secured. Any not dishonourable.

The fact is this: I have got report of his being likely to quit the country would cancel into a literary scrape : I am dealing with a bookseller in his literary engagements, bring down his small creditors Edinburgh in a business where he can hurt me mucb. But upon him, and expose him to various difficulties, from wbich at this distance, and corresponding with me, he answers no it would be impossible to extricate himself at a day's notice. leiters. About the time when I was agog after my wife, I enBut what weighed more with him, perhaps, than any otbergaged to write a "History of England." It was tú be in three consideration, was the dread of being unsuccessful ; and, as volumesma sequel to Smollett. I have nearly finished it. his rivals could cite passages from • The Pleasures of Hope,' The bargain was that I was to do it plainly and decentlywhich would be no recommendation to him as a Professor in but as the price they could afford was but sinall, it was Wilna, he was far from being sanguine as to the result

. It to be anonymous. Now, in the course of performing this was hardly to be expected that the Russian censor would be task, some ideas of which at first did not appear to me, have more indulgent to the poet than he had been to his poems; Il given me no little uneasiuess. The last time he

« PreviousContinue »