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LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY OF EDINBURGH-1848-9.

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IF Asmodeus possessed the power to unroof every from beneath the broad eaves of his beaver, and house in Edinburgh, we doubt if he would bring to descends like the snake-wreathed locks of an antique light any great amount of hidden talent. All our Jupiter over the snowy petals of shirt collar that little celebrities put together are hardly fit to sustain flank the breadths of his ambrosial visage--giving the literary credit of the Modern Athens, As for || altogether a peculiar and picturesque aspect to the our great ones-Jeffrey himself is, not to speak head and its arrangements. This massive capital, evil of dignities, un peu passé. The honourable Lord elevated on Atlantcan shoulders, and the almost still dresses well, adjusts himself admirably to the gigantic bulk, borne along with speed and firmness niche in which he stands enshrined, and recognizes of step, bespeaking dauntlessness and decision of on all occasions the homage naturally offered at character, sufficiently mark the man. Excepting the altar of his literary fame. He frankly and conversationally, we do not know that the Procourteously discharges all the duties of his position, | fessor has lately made much exertion of his and, with equal facility, extends his hospitality to powers. In his class, he goes through the old the illustrious literary stranger, and expostulation routine of the moral philosophy lectures; and, to the unfledged aspirant after literary renown. as a member of the Faculty, may sometimes be Dickens, when last in the Scottish metropolis, was seen--occasionally sine toga--pacing the boards Lord Jeffrey's guest. And we have repeatedly seen amongst his brethren of the long robe. Some instances in which Lord Jeffrey generously and hu- | conversational criticisms, which have been repeated, manely took the trouble to consider and criticise harmless, though personal, would do for verbal revolumes of youthful poetry not the most promising. I petition, but not to print--so that we are fain to But, save on the judicial bench, his Lordship seldom refresh ourselves with the collected scrap-work of makes public appearances. Once a year, perhaps, the “Recreations” of North-orthe scattered poems, he presides over the distribution of prizes at the As- || amongst which are mainly to be had in rememsociation for Promotion of the Fine Arts. But we brance the two leading pieces, so unlike, yet so chahear of little, if anything, from his pen beyond his racteristic of the poet, “The City of the Plague," full and frequent notes on an advising in præsentia and The Isle of Palms”-or the exquisite prose dominorum. The Judex damnatur of the blue of the “Lights and Shadows,” and “ Margaret and brimstone cover of the Edinburgh Review has | Lyndsay,” the grave fictions on which the author become with Lord Jeffrey something more than a founded his title of philosopher. Professor Wilson's figurative, and has proved itself a prophetical, ex- | philosophy, his learning, his genius, have lately pression. On the bench of the First Division of taken a new direction, and merged into a practical the Court of Session, Lord Jeffrey occupies the ex- || philanthropy, annually illustrated by his exordium treme left of the Lord President Boyle; Lord Mac- to the popular session of the Edinburgh Philosophikenzie, the son of “the Man of Feeling,” and pro cal Institution. His admirers and flatterers---for, bably the most esteemed of the Scottish Judges, like all lions, ho has his jackals--indeed we should intervening; whilst Lord Fullerton is seated on the say that his “lion’s providers” rather superaboundPresident's right hand. Lord Jeffrey incessantly may hold that the Professor's career as a philantakes notes and asks questions. The habits of the thropist could be antedated. We, however, think eritic have accompanied him to the bench, and ad- | not. We know of no phase in which the advocate mirably serve to tease the ingenuity of the learned of that aristocracy which, under the guise of good. counsel at the bar.

old-English-gentlemanism, erected its jovial barriers We have never given much for Wilson, since of class and casto upon the necks of a dependant first the Professor, a few years back, took shelter peasantry little elevated above agrarian serfdom, within the panoply of a Mackintosh; for though our could be regarded as a man of the people, prior to contemporary has since renewed his youth, and, in his appearance on the platform of this popular inhis mood of venerable eld, now no longer fictitious, I stitute. We liave heard it whispered, however, that is still as good for a jest or witticism as ever, still in adopting this conspicuous step, the Professor the original induing of such defensive habiliments nobly set at nought the conventional restraints imwas all unworthy of the wild spirit of Ellerlay; and posed on themselves and their brethren by the Christopher bas never been himself again. What: haughtier members of the Senatus Academicus, by the man who was wont to face the fiercest clements whom the delivery of a popular lecture is deemed that over encountered sage or sophist, struggling equivalent to “ such an act as blurs the modesty and up the Earthen Mound in the direction of Alma grace of nature” in Bralıminical eyes, when a memMater, buttoned only in his invulnerable dress coat ber of any of the rigid sects of oriental superstition, of black; the low flat surface of his shovel hat forgetting their rules and observances, lose caste. standing up against the gusty wind, like the dark || The Professor of Botany, it is said, however, anxious point of a rock amidst a furious sea-he, encased to give a popular course of that beautiful and inin the veritable manufacture of Cross-basket-tellteresting study, has not the courage to brave the it not in Gath! Wilson is by nature a lion, and papal ban of his exclusive brethren. But Wilson will be to the end of the chapter. His stalwart has not only come forward in aid of the popular figure, unbent by age, passes along our streets the “ march of intellect;" he has come forward as its image of Triton amongst the Minnows. The long ostensible head and front. His introductory disflowing hair, slightly grizzled by the enemy, escapes courses, each session, tend more and more to a dis

covery of the latent philosophy lurking in the popu-|| and, for the most part, useful productions, we have lar mind-to illustrate the pursuit of knowledge nothing at present to do. Enough for us that their under difficulties and disadvantages—to prove the manner-generally easy, and always agreeableonward tendency and ultimate triumph of self-cul- more than anything, stamps their value. The price ture amongst the middle and lower classes in the of knowledge reduced, by works like these, the country-and to show (ultimately, but not yet,) by commodity becomes palatable as well as accessible ; what title the power of a million of intellects is to and thus the great secret of their success is twofold assert its supremacy over the long-endured domi- -knowledge is cheapened and stimulated at once. nation of a few more fortunate or more privileged, The head of the firm, though seldom committed to by whom has so long been preached the spurious any popular movement, has long professed liberal doctrine of poor stupid “Noll Goldsmith,” that principles. The “ragged schools have been “they who think must govern those who toil;" as greatly indebted to his philanthropy; and the if there were anything to prevent those that toil “faggot votes ” have recently recoiled beneath his thinking as well as, or better than, those that idle! || assault. The one cause he has advocated in “ the In his future initial discourses in Queen Street Hall, Journal,” and personally promoted in various parts Wilson has promised some further developments of of Scotland ; the other enormity he has attacked the intellectual phenomena of the social mind, which from the platform—but with the disadvantage, may be looked for with interest, because the in- less applicable to him than to others, of doing so quiry derives not its curiosity from the inquest, but as the partisan of a faction as deeply implicated in the inquirer.

the evil as any other.

Let that pass.

William Favourers of popular movement, from the oppo- | Chambers, without any great distinguishing marks site extremes of " the electric chain that binds' as a man of letters, as a popular leader, or a party the strange mixture of intellectual elements in the debater, is a man of energy and action, of persociety of Modern Athens, the brothers Chambers, petual movement, and indomitable courage, and has Mr. James Simpson, the Advocate, and Mr. George had, unquestionably, the spirit to carve out his own Combe, emerge on our notice in a group. By a fortunes. As a litterateur, and latterly as a savant, series of successful adventures in the literature of Robert Chambers has been the more distinguished. popular progress, which have been self-rewarding, Less a man of business and more a man of letters, the former have elevated themselves, unaided, save the author of the “Rebellions" and the “ Picture by the tide of public approbation, to eminence so of Scotland,” has dedicated the few last years of considerable, that a vacancy for the chief magistracy his life to scientific researches connected with abof the Scottish metropolis can scarcely occur, or be sorbing questions of physical science, and particutalked of, without one or other of the brothers beinglarly the phenomena exhibited on the earth's varied brought forward as eligible to the office. The merit surface. He seldom draws conclusions. He states of the publications of these gentlemen is mediocrity. | facts. He is a mere reader of the book of nature; But mediocrity, when once it wins its way, retains and a clever as well as careful translator of its obits hold. Addressed to comparative ignorance, or vious passages. Take his recent work on “ Ancient the unexcitable temperaments of impassive intel- || Sea Margins.” Here is a work in which the eye, lects, it never recedes. The literature of mediocrity, | as from a pinnacle, scans with new ideas the great never bad enough to merit condemnation, carefully map of nature, and sees not features, but facts weeded even of the shadow of reproach, tolerably | traced out over hill and valley—margins of seas faultless in its construction, calculated just to im- | stretched up towards the Alpine summits, and traces part the semblance without the severity of essen- of a flooded world recorded imperishably upon the tial information, loses nothing that may be forfeited monumental mountain pyramids, amidst the crumby time, chance, or change. Unlike the rash scin- || bling and decay of the things of time. What tillations of superior genius, it incurs no risk of ele- || strange ideas that book delineates beyond the scope vating and exciting the minds of its votaries, to give of imagination, and literally chiseled out in grau. force and contrast to the dash of disappointment| ite heaps as hard immutable truths ! From the where its brilliancy flags or fails. The steady, low coast lands and carses, the lower ancient sea equable quality of this kind of writing-imitating margins emanate step by step to the sublimest altithe dull proprieties of accurate prose, sparingly in- | tudes. Oscillations in the shift of relative level dulging in any vein of poetry, recording only facts betwixt sea and land—the last of them, perhaps, with zest, and drawing fictions from the memory | within the human period—unfold such a tale of -forms the excellence of Chambers' Journals, || time and change tangibly pourtrayed before the Miscellanies, Informations, Histories, Educational wondering eye, as geology in all its quaint disand Juvenile Series. Irreconcilable as these in coveries or strange imaginings has never before their variety may seem, a family likeness per- | disclosed. In these there may be illusion where vades the whole, and soothes them down into their conjecture supplies the form of monstrosities exregular monotony. The wise man prayed that he tinct and incompatible with present conditions of might neither be visited with poverty nor riches. existence.

In those there can be none, We have If he seek for his children the same happy medium local researches and descriptions undertaken with of intelligence as of circumstances, he will have persevering and painstaking exertion-scenes in them educated upon “ Chambers' Educational the vale of Tay, in Fife, Strathspey, Glenmore, Course." Their minds will not fare sumptuously; Lochaber, the Basin of the Forth, the Vale of neither will they starve. With doctrinal questions, || Tweed, and Basin of the Tay-all conjured up and and alleged objections to the matter of these cheap strikingly arrested in diagrams of strange fidelity,

though cast with the help of some excusable free- || private life of our porthern metropolis by an elodoms into the theoretical form of the supposed sea quent, warm-hearted old gen+leman, of more than margins. The author has traversed all these scenes, || average candour and cordiality of manner. Superand many more. His mind has dwelt upon their | seded by systems, we rejoice to think, more in acterraced aspect, and become imbued with the con- cordance with the spirit of the age, a tolerant but victions of their character and origin ; till the re- pious spiritof religion void of fanaticism, Mr. Simpson sistless reader, forced to yield to the endless multi- || has yet lived to see some triumph granted to his eduplicity of facts, surrenders his convictions also tocational views, in the general adoption of what the an author who avowedly has no theory to propound. || Presbyterial Reports--when there were Presbyterial In this way we are led to inspect visibly the Delta | reports on education-termed “the intellectual sysof the Ribble, the Mersey, Chester, Bristol, Bath, || tem of instruction—a system addressed to the unLondon, Sussex and Hampshire, Devonshire, ||derstanding and even to the heart.” The practical France, and Ireland, and even the terraces and schemes of David Stow, of Glasgow, and the general markings in Switzerland, Scandinavia, and North || improvements on education, in combination with reAmerica. The contemplative power and sagacityligious culture, introduced by the active zeal of the of observation, conspicuous throughout these re- Free Church of Scotland, have outstripped as well searches, tend not only to amass a collection of facts as outbidden Mr. Simpson's plan. Yet he was the and materials for speculation, but facts and mate- || apostle of a cause which, when at its ebb, owed him rials already sifted and prepared for an inevitable for negative evils, who shall charge themmuch; and deduction. Mr. Chambers has carefully elicited in on the author of so much real good in his day and every instance the attendant circumstances of the generation ? natural appearances presented to his gaze, and so Next comes George Combe, the most remarkable discriminated betwixt them as nearly to arrive at of a sect which, though now less ostensibly than a chronology of the ancient beach-markings. He at one time, still exercises considerable influence has traced out even the recession, accession, and over the press and the people of Edinburgh. To second recession of waters ; and furnished quite a the opinions of the author of “The Constitution of new light in which to read the mighty page out- Man Considered,' we all know what tendency has spread upon the surface of a country. Some people, | been imputed. And we must say, that the sect of who would dispute the originality of anything, which we recognise him for the leader cannot, in have doubted the originality of these researches. || any acceptation of the term, be called a religious There is intrinsic evidence, however, of the author | sect. Whatever may be Mr. Combe's opinions having visited in person, and observed for himself, || on these and other subjects, “uttered or unexthe majority of the appearances he details. The pressed,” it is with pleasure that we acknowmagnitude of his labours is well characterised by the ledge, on occasion of his last appearance at the boundless inference with which he sums up their | Glasgow Athenæum soirée, a disposition to resist induction, viz., that “he must believe that very the imputations that are frequently cast at the great lapses of time have passed since the sea stood disciples of phrenology. Though mingled with at our highest terrace.”

local reminiscences of personal triumph in the

cause, so many had prejudged, there was an intelli"In several places of Scotland,” he continues, "I have gible assertion of the great leading truths of faith found the points or promontories of terraces bearing the put forth on that occasion by the master, which faint markings of forts which had been erected by our sa-lought to form a striking lesson to all his followers. Tage forefathers for their protection. History scarcely hints | But it is ever the case that leaders are transat the age of these remains, so lost is it in the long night of|cended in their most extreme notions by the zeaantiquity. But great as is the time that has elapsed since | lots in their train, these rude defences were erected, it is nothing to what seems

Dr. Moir, of Musselburgh, and De Quincey, of requisite for producing the phenomena now under our atten- | Lasswade, may be grouped together as occasional tion. When, moreover, it appears that the species of shellfish have not changed in this immense series of millenniums, |accessions to Edinburgh literary society. Everya new and highly interesting consideration arises. Species body knows the literary calibre of “Delta,” and had in earlier times undergone repeated changes. If each

most people that of “The English Opium Eater.” change were attained in a lapse of time equal to a greater

The one is a living illustration of the poetry of the dothan that here shown to have passed without any change, mestic affections. His exquisite “Casa Wappy,” the what a past multiple of this part must be the entire cosmi- | lament of a father for a lisping darling—is no less eal chronology !"

pleasing than true. The other also illustrates his

career by his compositions. A calm, sedate, and senSuch is the summary of the last-published re- sible mind is “Delta's.” The best appearances at the searches of Robert Chambers. The concluding | Glasgow Athenæum were decidedlyhis and Combe’s; observation, by the way, reminds us that he has his unpremeditated-Combe's elaborated. “Delta” obtained “vestiges” of a reputation beyond what | spoke with so much genial sympathy for the good he aspires to in this treatise on “ Ancient Sea Mar- sense of his audience, that he laid for himself, at that gins ;" but if the secrets of the cloister are impene- | single stroke, a lasting regard in the popular mind. trable, those of the bureau, to us, at least, shall be || A volume of his collected poems, just announced, sacred.

will be treasured for many a sparkling gem that, James Simpson, as an educational theorist, had || if taste and justice are exercised, must inevi. once a name which, though we seldom hear it now, I tably stud his pages. The muse of the author is still adequately and eloquently represented in the of "Mansie Waugh " is as staid and sober as his

D

VOL.XVI, XO. CLXXXI.

humour is broad and pungent. Some ill-natured the public in the course of a few days. These circumstances critic lately accused him of nonsense—a serious be alluded to.

are inentioned here in reference to several things shortly to

After a thorough investigation of the subject, charge against a poet of any reputation-and I was glad to find that 31r. Macnisl strongly entrenched quoted the following lines in proof of the assertion; || himself on the side of the contagionists; and from a careful which, however, we may premise, are, in our estima-serutiny of the disease as it waudered apparently at its own

dire will' from place to place, le furnished me with a variety tion, pretty and pictorial, besides being perfectly of fucts and reasonings undisputed and conclusive. In intelligible to any one who will take the trouble of writing to him at this time I tind the following passage :

• The medical men liere and at Edinburgh are all at loggerglancing at the glorious panorama of the southern | heads about contagion and non-contagion ; but the success shore of our Forth, as seen from its pure and placid of my pamphlet has been a sore thorn in the side of the bosom—not now—but in high summer-or, better | latter doctrinists

. I do not know what may be its merits,

but it ought not to have many, having been written within still, can pause to study it while having a quiet pop the week, and in the midst of 'scenes of misery, as I bustled at the rabbits of Inchkeith warren, or the Divers on from one death-bed to another, the like of which I never the water, watching the lazy things emerge :

saw before, and trust will never see again. The eve after a Vattle-field may be a sad thing; but liero all excitement was

absent, and death was literally cold and repulsive. I am “ Traced like a map the landscape lies

sure I am within the mark when I say that the pamphlet In cultured beauty stretching wideThere Pentland's green acclivities ;

never had a sitting of balf-an-hour at a time, by day or by There ocean with its azure tide;

night.'
There Arthur's Seat; and, gleaming through
Thy southern wing, Dunedin blue !

Although it is digressing, we cannot resist giving
White in the orient, Lammer's daughters,

the account of the outbreak of the disease in GlasA distant giant range, are seen ;

gow, by Macnish (15th February, 1832) :-
North Berwick Law, with cone of green,
And Bass, amid the waters."

“Cholera has now fairly appeared among us.

I sawa

case yesterday, and one the day before, both of which proved Perhaps ten years ago, Dr. Moir edited a work, or

fatal in a few hours. Every case hitherto has died. They collection, in two volumes, the first of which he were probably not seen till the stage of collapse had come occupied with a memoir of the late Dr. Macnish, of on; and it is possible that the removal to the hospital has

been injurious. The people have a dreadful antipathy to Glasgow. There is quite as much of “Delta” in

any person being sent to the hospitals : they stupidly imathis book as of Macnish, and yet it is without ego- l gine that they are murdered (burked!) by the doctors; and tism, In the exuberance of the writer's heart, he last night, when they were conveying a patient there, they has inscribed on the title-page what no impartial have been compelled to give over visiting any of the cases,

were attacked by the mob. It is truly a dreadful disease. I biographer would care to do, viz., that the life is in consequence of the clamour of my own patients, who will by a “friend ”—and he has felt bound, in the

not hear of it, so great is their terror of infection. Hitberto

it has been confined to the lowest classes, and it will pro. course of executing his task, to authenticate his bably remain there." acquaintance with the facts, as the lawyers do with witnesses" Causa scientiæ patet ; and all which

Delta's memoir of Macnish is valuable to us in is truth,” &c. We are reminded of this revelation another respect: De Quincey, whom we have also by-what does the reader think-the cholera,

now in hands, is often mentioned in it; and if we which, in its former visitation, seems to have ap

are adjured, “tell me not what I have been, but proximated the stars of Moir and Macnish. It

tell me what I am,” we must answer that, in this

may not be amiss, at the present juncture, to quote what case, there will be found no change in the subject. then passed betwixt these medico-philosophic We find him then, as now, in the midst of all sorts poets :

of literary projects. Dr. Moir says (11th May,

1829): " With the concluding months of this year,” says Delta, "and the commencement of 1832, the health of Mr. Macnish "Our new ‘Literary Gazette' starts on Saturday, and I continued to improve ; his body strengthened, his mind will cause them to send the numbers to you. It is, I belightened up, he went through his professional duties with lieve, to contain an introduction by De Quincey, and a cheerful alacrity, and his inherent love for intellectual ex- review of the ‘Hope of Immortality, by your humble serertion again exhibited itself in several pleasant as well as vant, and two little poems of mine ; No. 2 will have, . Life powerful compositions.

of Galt,' by me, and review of Dugald Moore's poems; No. “ It was about the middle of January that the Asiatic | by me ; No. 5, Life of Coleridge,' by De Quincey;, No. 6,

3, 'Life of Wilson,' by De Quincey; No. 4, 'Life of Hogg,' Cholera, which had been imported into Sunderland, made its progressive way from Berwick to Musselburgh, and thero

"On the Genius of Wordsworth,' by me; and so on.' seemed to take up its head-quarters-raging with pestilential violence, and prostrating alike the young and the old. So

But alas ! not even the medical skill of Dr. Moir, sudden and fearful was the mortality, that the burials within and all these alternations of meum and tuum with three weeks exceeded the average annual number of deaths, De Quincey, sustained “ Edinburgh Literary Gaand this out of a population approaching to 9,000. I had | zette” in life. He shortly explains :formed no preconceived theory regarding the mode in which the disease was propagated. I knew that the great majority of the Indian practitioners reckoved it simply epidemic--but Literary Gazeite' to give them some aid at starting, under

"I bad proinised to the proprietors of the ' Edinburgh å week's narrow and scrupulous investigation of its mode of standing that De Quincey was to be their Magnus Apollo, attack convinced me thorougbly of its purely contagious when lo! and behold! the eloquent chewer of opium takes character. To this belief I adhere as confidently as to my own existence; and until it is universally acted upon (which done little or nothing for them.”

sick in Westmoreland ; and up to this hour (June 3) has I never expect to see) by the medical profession, Europe must from time to time be laid waste by the ravages of this Akin to this is Moir's query to Macnish (22d terrible and soul-subduing pestilence.

October, 1831): "Have you lately heard of that “From the numerous inquiries made at this period from curious production of genius, De Quincey? I supall parts of the United Kingdom, regarding the nature and treatment of this new and fearful scourge of our race, I was

pose still writing for

at the rate of a quarter induced, in my capacity of Medical Secretary to the Board of of a pago per day.” And eke the following, doveHealth, at Musselburgh, to publish, on the spur of the tailed into the text of the memoir—"I (Delta) Malignant cholera'-of which, from the then absorbing I remember Mr. Blackwood, many years ago, telling nature of the subject, a sccond edition was demanded by me of his occasionally having received from De

Quincey long, elaborate, and admirable letters - But an attempt has been made this winter to revive perfect articles in themselves--apologising for his it by placing Sir John at its head ; and he will pronot being able at that time to write an article." bably exert himself to do so: at least we have the

The savants who now flourish in Edinburgh form experience of the stimulus which his presidency rather an extensive cluster; ex. gr.—Sir John Gra- | of the Society of Arts, several years ago, imparted ham Dalzell, Sir William Jardine, Professors to a similar body, now of a very flourishing comForbes, Kelland, Smyth, Simpson, Low, and Bal- plexion. Of Sir William Jardine, of Applegarth, four, Rev. Dr. Fleming, Hugh Miller, Charles | who is, we believe, a denizen of Inverleith Row, we AI'Laren, Dr. Greville, David Milne ; and, form- need but say that this distinguished naturalist has ing the gemini of a separate constellation, Dr. Mar- | contributed as largely to our scientific literature, tin Barry and Dr. Samuel Brown.

chiefly in capacity of editor of “Lizars' Naturalists' We shall discuss this gallery of scientific stars in Library,” as any man of his day. Professors For. admirable disorder, by beginning with the last. bes and Kelland, and, for that matter, Mr. David Dr. Martin Barry and Dr. Samuel Brown are Milne, shine in the Royal Society, the frigid arisgrouped together, because they both very narrowly | tocracy of which is scarcely to be thawed by the missed a professor's chair from similar causes--- genial common-sense and graphic diction of the through pretensions to marvellous discoveries never Rev. Dr. Fleming, but is formally and formidably yet verified. The cases are parallelin that respect, but represented by the other trio. Mr. Forbes is a in none other. Dr. Martin Barry, a member of the So- | clever man in spite of his coldness. To see him go ciety of Friends, was the victim of University Tests. through with a demonstration, be it mathematical, His medical discoveries, which had excited surprise, algebraical, or a mere diagram of the composition could not escape suspicion ; and professional jea- and resolution of mechanical forces, you must believe lousy, by impugning them, rendered it better for that there is something more hearty in the great exhim never to have breathed them. Dr. Samuel positor of the “ Theory of Glaciers” than snow and Brown, who, besides the professorship, has also ice. But education has been at fault. The son of the been in danger of becoming a popular lecturer, fell || well-known Edinburgh banker, Sir William Forbes a prey to professional antagonism also. It was not the Bill Forbes of the jolly tar who presented a fivevery fair of the Baron von Liebig, or the Baron pound note at the bank counter as “ a tickler," and Liebig, to write him down on the strength of one intimated that he would take it up in trifles, as he of his pupil's experiments. But Justus did it. did not like to ailront him before the lads—has been The Baron himself never experiments. His fa- | reared in isolation and upon a pinnacle. He labours culty reminds us of Chatham's eulogy on the saga under a deficiency of social sympathies. Yet he is city of Cromwell, which, without his having spies in communicative, and covets fame. Why else should every Cabinet of Europe, afforded him a perfect he publish or expound? The Rev. Philip Kelland knowledge of diplomacy. Liebig is not like the and Mr. David Milne are precisely of the same immortal Squeers, who held the opinion in regard school. Mr. Kelland being an English, and, we to scientific study, that, “when he knows it, he fancy, a High Church divine, might wear this exgoes and does it ;" or, in other words, that bo-terior with less challenge than the others. But, in tany is only to be studied by practically going truth, he is the most demonstrative of the three. into the garden and weeding the onions. He Mathematical studies are little calculated to warm leaves all that, however, like Squeers, to his pupils; // the human breast. Mr. Kelland has, however, a and on their hint he speaks. Brown may not have charm in his manner, which atones for the abstracresolved the unity of matter, or the transmutation tion into which his peculiar position doubtless casts of substances ; but with what propriety can Liebig him. Mr. Milne, a practising counsel, commenced maintain the impossibility of repeating his experi- || his scientific career as a prize essayist of the Highments ? Failing in getting any man of eminence land and Agricultural Society, of which, as a counto repeat and authenticate his delicate and elaborate try gentleman, he is now a leader. His essays were researches by experiment, Brown resigned his pre- geological, and to that science he has chiefly detensions to the chair, but not to his discoveries, | voted his attention ; although he has also published which he is understood still to prosecute in his pri- Investigations on the Poor-laws, the Potato Disease, Fate laboratory, whilst he does not omit to bestow and other questions of social economy. his sparkling talents, and eloquent, as well as amus- Professor Low, in like manner, is identified as an ing powers, on the literary coteries that welcome his author with the Highland and Agricultural Society. presence. It is understood, however, that Dr. His works are well known. It will be found that Samuel Brown will, in future, decline to take a most of thein are habitually cast in the form of lecplace upon the popular platform.

tures, and framed to demonstrate rather than inSir John Graham Dalzell is favourably knownstruct. The best and most popular of them is his both as an antiquarian and a naturalist. Acute work on “Domestic Animals.” But the influence indisposition obliges the accomplished baronet to of his writings on improving the management of live in comparative seclusion, or at least retirement. || land has been incalculable. He has lately soothed his hours by the production The Rev. Dr. Fleming, author of the “ Philosophy of a work in two quarto volumes, with 110 plates, of Zoology,” but better known by his “ History of mostly drawn and coloured from living or recent British Animals," has rendered himself formidable specimens of the “Rare and Remarkable Animals | by the freedom with which he wields the scourge of Scotland." The Royal Physical Society of Edin- | against “pretence.” The worthy divine was formerly burgh has for a few years been all but in abeyance. minister of Flisk, in Fifeshire, and holds at pre

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