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their front was within a nundred paces of the ravine, || gentleman, that nothing morc is meant by this expediwhere the Glencoemen lay in wait for them, under the tion than to exact submission, and a week of free quarcommand of their chieftains, Glencoe and Achitriaden-| ters in Glencoe. Your tardy and reluctant subrnission the former a tall, powerful, brave, but benevolent and to the king has suggested this measure, and prompt peacefully-inclined gentleman; and the latter a bold, fiery, compliance will lead to a perfect reconciliation." impetuous chieftain, whom nodanger could intimidate, or While the above conversation was passing, they were no expediency divert from the path of loyalty and duty. I joined by Achitriaden, who distrusted Glenlyon, and Having secn the Glenetive men bounding over the had little confidence in his superior chieftain's firmness river, and forming behind the pass, in rear of the red- and penetration-he having, by his many acts of incoats, and having also noticed the preconcerted signal, discriminate generosity and benevolence, earned for himintimating that the party behind the avalanches (formed self the enviable cognomen of lear mor coir, i.e., the on the face of the bill) were ready to set them in mo- big worthy man. So soon as Glencoe had descended tion the moment the report of fire-arms should be heard, from the ravine, the party stationed there, as well as he repeatedly attempted to catch Glencoe's eye, and to those in possession of the pass in the rear of the solurge him to give the word to fire, when a stately anddiers, considered it no longer necessary to conceal themwarlike officer, advancing from the rear of the column selves, or to disguise their impatience at the unwelcome of red-coats, stepped aside with the officer in command, party, and leaned forward over the rocks, eagerly watchand, on the instant, the party was halted and formed ing the result of the negotiation, which threatened to into line, while the light company, thrown out in ex- defeat their anticipated victory. Glenlyon's face betended order, covered its front, and advanced cautiously came blanched when the formidable position of the towards the dangerous-looking ravine. Achitriaden, Glencoemen was thus unmasked to his view; nor did observing this movement, cast a glance of fiery indig- even the dauntles heart of bis second in command, the nation at the good-natured Glencoe, and was on the gallant Captain Byng, feel perfectly unmored at the sight. point of ordering the party to fire, without waiting any He cast a glance of fire around, and instantly projected longer on so slow and undecided a leader, when the a dash, with the light company, across the river, to latter, always kind and soft-hearted, unwilling to fall possess himself of the pass to Glenetive, the men of upon an enemy so completely in his power, raised his that glen having, incautiously, left it unoccupied when huge form over the verge of the cliff, and demanded, in they bounded over the river to take possession of that a voice of thunder, their business in the country of the of the Juain rock. He sounded the call, which hung Clanian.

by a gold chain across his brcast, and the light comGlenlyon, who commanded the party, at once ad- pany, with inconceivable quickness, was instantly on vanced towards him, and requested an interview half- the left flank of the line, ready to spring over the way between both parties. This, after a consultation river. But Glenlyon was incapable of sceing or antiwith Achitriaden, was agreed to by Glencoe, who de-||cipating the movement contemplated by Captain Byng, scended to meet Glenlyon, and, saluting him with stern and which, if successful, would have rescued the party but studious politeness, demanded the object of the ex- from present destruction at least, and might even evenpedition. “Come, come, Glencoe,” replied Glenlyon, tually lead to their escape. He gazed around him in with a bland and conciliating smile, " let the remem- undisguised alarm, and saw no hope of safety either in brance of old friendships, and of my fair cousin, the advancing or retreating. On either side of him he saw mother of your children, banish the memory of recent an impassable chain of towering mountains, rearing political divisions, at least in so far as you and I are their frowning masses, rock above rock, and cliff above concerned. A soldier must stand by his colours, and clill, until their bare, shattered, and riven heads were do his duty; but be assured that, if anything more se- lost in the now descending darkness; while any at rious than a week at free quarters, as a slight punish-|| tempt to force either pass, in the face of such oppo ment for your apparent contumacy, were meant by King nents, was more than his heart dared to think of William, he would have found it necessary to send Deeply did he curse his own unofficer-like rashness, iz some other officer than Campbell of Glenlyon at the leading his party into so desperate a position, wher head of the party."

“Our marts,” replied the chief- Achtriaden, who watched him for a moment with eye. tain, “ have been more numerous, and our girnals bet-|| that made his soul tremble within him, observed, with ter supplied, owing to the unhappy state of the times; a sneer, “ The gallant captain bas declined to pledge but if free quarters for a week, or even a fortnight, be the honour of the Campbells to his truth. Perchance the extent of the exaction, you and your party shall be he conceives that we place a higher value on that of made most heartily welcome. But here comes the dio- | the hirelings of the Dutcliman? You had better unmede of the Glencoemen, who must be satisfied of your deceive him, Mac-vic-Ian.” good faith, or, by my soul, you will find that you have "Pardon me, Achitriaden,” hastily stammered out put yourself and your party in a pretty position. Speak Glenlyon, "you do great injustice to my meaning. The him fair,” said the good-natured chieftain, whispering commission I bear was never pledged to dishonour ;' in his ear, with a feeling of anxiety, which caused a but, if you prefer the pledge proposed by Glencoe, be slight tremour in his manly voice, “and pledge him assured that I have no wish to evade it. Glencoe, I your honour as a Campbell, without a moment's hesi- | pledge you the honour of a soldier and a—a—

1-Camtation, for, though he hates your clan, lie values and ell, that-the-the object of my party is none other respects their sense of honour; and if he doubts, God than to exact submission, and a week's free quarters, have mercy on you and your miserable party. Alin token thereof, in Glencoe.” Achitriaden was not sensation of terror passed through the heart of Glenlyon satisfied with Campbell's looks, and hesitation in proat these ominous words, and he exclaimed, hurriedly, || nouncing the required pledge; and Glencoe hastened "I pledge you my honour, Glencoe, as a soldier and all to anticipate bis reply, by exclaiming, “I will not doubt

2 S

VOL. XVI.NO. CLXXXVIII,

the honour of my wife's relative, and I am satisfied Scotland and Ireland, of old, were patriarchal coup. with your guarantce, Glenlyon. Come, let us join your tries—that is, countries occupied by clans, or tribes, officers and party, and lead them down the glen, where who were governed by a system called cleachla-ie., you shall all meet a hearty welcome. Do, then, Achi- use and wont. The government of each clan consisted triaden, explain the amicable determination of King of a chiet, tanister, brehon, and chieitains. The chief William to the men of Glencoe and Glenetive; and, I was their executive as well as military commander;

the hark ye, cousin,” he whispered aside, “ speak them fair | tanister represented them in their civil rights, aud sucon behalf of their guests. They are chased, like your-cecded the chief on his death (when a new tanister was self, my tierce friend, at the disappointed conilict; butelected); the brehon was their judge, aud the chicstalinis peace is wisest and best. Think of our wives and their jury, as well as their military officers. Their laws children. Why should we make widows and orphaus, were unwritten, founded in equity, few, simple, and when the cause we have at heart could not thereby be well adapted to their situation and circumstances. achieved ? Better times may come. Let us reserve | They were taught to the people periodically at the our strength; and let not the courtesy and hospitality mod, or mote, where their courts were held. of our high-minded clan be called in question. Speak The poet Spenser published a small work, in 1596, ou them fair on behalf of their guests, cousin.” his return from an official appointment in Ireland, which So saying, the cheftain joined Glenlyon, and, passing is valuable, and throws niuch light on the laws, rights

, his arm cordially through his, advanced to his party, and privileges, of the clans in Ireland. It clearly shows and received the ouicers, as they were presented to that English statesmen did not understand the difference him, with the utmost degree of kindly courtesy; while between the patriarchal and the feudal systems; and muy Achitriaden sullenly flung aside, muttering something, own opinion is, that to this ignorance is to be ascribed, the real purport of which could not be caught, about in some measure, the fraudulent and pernicious system “Clan-duine, ever fair and false." Immediately after on which Ireland was originally subjected to England, the introduction of the officers to Glencoe, the party and has hitherto been governed. The principles of the of soldiers were led by him down the glen, followed, at clans were moulded by tradition. Their ideas of justice some distance, by Achitriaden and the men of Glencoe, were founded on the Brehon laws, and in accordance in a mingled mood of dissatisfaction and doubt; whiile with their ancient rights and privileges, to which they the men of Glenetive retraced their steps down Larigar-| adhere with intlexible tenacity. Hence their sense of ten, to their own sweet and romantic country, wonder-honesty and equity has ever been in antagonisin with ing at the forbearance of the chieftain, and the facility the feudal system of Government; and our modern with which friendship was made with the red-coats, laws, especially as regards landed tenures, are not less whom he had completely in his power,

inconsistent with these principles. I wrote, some time The clans passed the night on which the Glasticago, a paper on the Tanistry and Brehon Laws of Irevisited Allan in the Shenling of Benaler, in their land, in the Scottish Journal, for the purpose of enlightmountain bivouac, and the next morning repaired, by ening the general reader on this subject; but, as that ditterent glens and passes, to their respective countries,|| journal never attained any great circulation, and is now with the exception of the Glencoemen, who crossed over out of print, it is probable that few, if any, of the the southern range of hills, to join Stewart of Fort-|| readers of Tait have seen that paper. I take the ingall, with whom they had agreed to make a descent liberty, therefore, of quoting part of it here, as illus. on the lands and barony of Wymes, that district having trative of my present subject. been wrested, as they conceived, by injustice and usur- Spenser informs us that, “In a parliament Lolden pation from the rightful owners of the soil

. Much ig- in the time of Anthony Saint Leger, Lord Deputy, all norance prevails, even among the best educated classes, || the Irish lords and principal meu came in; and, being as to the origin of the ancient forays of the Scottish | by fair means moved thereunto, ackuowledged the clans, and the agrarian disorders of Ireland ; and as King (IIenry VIII.) for their sovereign lord, reserving the character of the people, as well as the cause of|| (as some say) unto themselves their own former privi equity and justice, in both countries have suffered, and leges and seigniories in violate.” Both parties seem to is suffering, from that ignorance, the following brief |have misunderstood one another as to the effect and explanation, although a digression, may not appear un. extent of this submission. The Englishi seem to have important, nor prove uninteresting to the reader. * conceived that the chiefs and chieftains of Ireland

were proprietors of the soil, and that the people were * I have, in a former paper, shown that the Lowlanders were

their serfs and vassals; and they accordingly cutthe descendants of ahe Scots, and the Ilighlanders the descendants of the Caledonians, or Picts; and these names, by which another. This difference, until within these few hundred they are uniformly distinguished, the one from the other, by Eog. years, was decidedly in favour of the Celts, because they lish writers, is a strong confirmation of my statement. Indeed, || had more closely adhered to the enlightened theology, and nothing but the facility with which the most able unen run into the simple and equitable laws and principles of early ages, a beaten track, instead of beating about to discover a new road Why, Turner, the historiau of the Anglo-Saxons, aliuag to the truth, can account for the tame and silly assertions where- a beaten-track writer, like the rest of their eulogists

, confesses by the Lowlanders have attained to themselves the unenvied name that, “ When they first landed in this island, they were bands of of Saxons—-unenvied at least in so far as every true and well- | fierce, ignorant, idolatrous, and superstitious pirates ; enthusias educated Celt is concerned. I adhere to what I have more tically courageous, but habitually cruel.” Another eulogi-t cutthan once repeated, that the Celts and Saxons are lineally de- fesses that they were greatly refined and elevated by their interscended from Japhet, and spoke dialects of the same language long course with the Britons and the Ronan progeny." In stor, after they arrived and formed separate nations in Europe, and until the descendants of the few bands of Sason pirates, who that any difference that could be discovered between them, either landed in Britain, became the sons of Celtic mothers, and went in form or character, was to be ascribed to "climate and circum- || humanised by their dispersion anong a Celtic people, they never stances,” to which the learned and philosophic historian of Eu- were distinguished for anything but courage, rapacity, idolan, rope traces the difference between one race of people and || and cruelty,

cluded that, when they obtained their consent to the || the chiefship; but the preference was given to him sovereignty of the King of England, the whole nation who was nearest of kin to the founder of the clanwas at once reduced to subjection. The chiefs and that is, if “ the eldest and the worthiest in that kin or chieftains, on the other hand, knowing the limited sept.” Hence, the next brother of the deceased chief power they possessed, meant that this sovereignty | was always preferred to his son, because he was a step should be exercised only in the Celtic sense of the nearer in descent to the founder of the clan. This word, that is, within the bounds prescribed by the appears to have also been the principle of succession cleachda. This is to be inferred from the reservation of the Caledonian or Pictish kings, and explains the of "their own former privileges and seigniories in controversy between the different claimants to the riolate." Indeed, the chiefs and chieftains (as shown | Scottish crown, on the death of Alexander III., some in the May number of this magazine) had no power of whom founded on the feudal, and some on the patribeyond that conferred on them by the people. Had archal laws of succession. English statesmen, at the above period, understood the It will be seen by the above that the Irish, like the character and the institutions of the Irish, they would Highland clans, kept the offices of chief and tanister probably have advised the king to be contented with separate and distinct the one from the other--the forthe limited sovereignty tendered to him by the chiefs mer being the military commander, and the latter the and chieftains of the people, who, in that case, would trustee of the civil rights or tenures of the clan. Hence, have got him elected and inaugurated, according to use in the Highlands, the chief, at the inauguration, received and wont, by a convocation of the nation--for it a sword, and the tanister a wand, as the symbols of their could not have been done, according to their laws, by office. Spenser, in a subsequent quotation, says the chief the chiefs and chieftains.

Ireland receives a wand; but I suspect that this must That English statesmen were entirely ignorant of the be a mistake, as the patriarchal laws of all nations institutions and laws of Ireland, and the resolute adhe- were derived from the same source, and, in all probabision of the people to them, is evidenced by the works of lity, were everywhere the same. The tanister, as above Spenser, from which I quote the following dialogue observed, held the land in trust for the clau and their between Eudox and Iren:

posterity, to whom they belonged in common.

We Eulor, in reference to the above submission, or find that the tanister accordingly continued to be elected treaty, observes—“By acceptance of the above sove- in the Highlands, even among those of them who had reignty, they also accepted of his laws. Why, then, should accepted feudal charters, such as the Stewarts of Appin, any other laws be now used amongst them?” &c., down to the year 1745, which clearly shows that

To this Iren very complacently replies--" True it is these charters were merely looked upon as a matter of that thereby they bound themselves to his laws and form. They were never allowed to interfere with the obedience.

rights and privileges of the clans until after the restora. Endos—“Do they not still acknowledge the sub- tion of the forfeited estates. Thus, the chief repremission ?"

sented the clan in a military, and the tanister in a civil Iren—"No, they do not; for now, the heirs and capacitymas is indicated in the previous quotation, posterity of them, which yielded the same, are, as they where it is stated that the ancestry of the Irish claus say, either ignorant thereof, or do wilfully deny or referred to by Spenser, “had no estate in any of their steadfastly disavow it. They say their ancestor had nolands, seigniories, or hereditaments," which they held estate in any of their lands, seiguiories, or hereditaments, “by tanistry;” that is, the tauister held the lands by virtue longer than during their lives, for all the Irish held of his office, in trust for the whole clan and their their lands by tanistry.”

posterity. Endou is, of course, greatly astonished at this an- Spenser gives the following description of the forms swer, and exclaims—“What is that which you call attended to in the election of a chief or tanister :--tanisht, or tanistry? They be names and terms never “They used to place hin that shall be their captain upon a before heard of or known to us."

stone always leserved for that purpose, and placed commonly on Iren—“It is a custom among the Irislı, that, im

a lill; in some of which I have seen formed and engraven a mediately after the death of any of their chief lords or

foot, whereon he, standing, received an oath to preserve all the

ancient former customs of the country inviolable, and to deliver captains, they do assemble themselves unto a place ge

up the succession peacefully to his tanist (when he should sucbierally appointed and known unto them, to choose ceed to the chiefship); and then hath he delivered unto lina a another in his stead, where they do nominate and elect, | wand, by some one whose otice that is ; after which he turneth him for the most part, not the eldest son, nor any of the self round, and bowetli himself thrice forward and thrice backchildren of the deceased, but the next to him of blood, ward. I have heard that the beginning and cause of this ord

nance was specially for the defence and maintenance of the lands that is, the eldest, and the worthiest, as commonly the

in their posterity, and for excluding all innovation or alienation next brother unto him, if he have any, or the next thereof to strangers. llence they say, as erst I told you, that cousin, or so forth, as any is elder in that kin or sept. they reserve their titles, tenures, and scigniories, whole and sound And then, next to him, do they choose the tanist, who to themselves.” shall next succeed him in the captaincy, if he live There is here sufficient evidence that in every subthereunto."

mission made by the people of Ireland to the King of It will be seen from the above that the chiefships England, there was a special reservation of the lands, did not proceed in a direct line of succession. The rights, and privileges. The violation of this condition preference was given, not to the nearest of kin to the is, and always has been, at the root of all the agrarian last, but the first chief or founder of the clan. Hence disturbances and other evils of Ireland. every clansman, being eqally descended from the foun- ** The Brchon laws,” continues Spenser, “is a rulo der of the elan, was on a footing of equality with the of right, unwritten, but delivered by tradition from one best of his race, and equally entitled to be elected toll generation to another, in which oftentimes there ap.

peareth great show of equity in determining the right who neither conquered their country, nor was elected, between party and party, but in many things repugnant nor inaugurated, according to their laws, to gift their quite both to God's law and man’s. As, for example, lands to their friends, is, therefore, not very surprising. in the case of murder, the Brehon, that is their judge, || These rights and privileges appear to have been poswill compound between the murderer and the friends sessed by the people of all Celtic nations, antecedent to of the family murdered, which prosecute the action, that the appointment of kings, who were, in all patriarchal the malefactor shall give unto them for the child or countries, merely the commanders-in-chief in the time wife of him that is slain, a recompense, which they call of war. No king, unless he were a conqueror, could eriach, by which vile law of theirs many murders are therefore be entitled to encroach upon the rights and made-up or smothered.”'

privileges of the ancient claus. Hence, it had been the The word “compound,” as used above, is apt to practice of the Scottish clans, from the date of the inmislead the general reader. The Brehon had no powertroduction of feudalism into the country, to make perito compound the crime, the penalty being fixed by theodical incnrsions into the districts of those who accepted cleachda, or use and wont. His powers were similar to laws and jurisdiction from their kings, for the purpose of those of our lords of justiciary. The evidence was exacting from them and their vassals, serfs or rilleyes, taken before him, and he declared the class of the crime the colpa due by the fraudulent possessors to the legi. and the eric payable therefor; and the jury of chieftains timate owners of the soil. This species of “wild jusdecided guilty or not guilty. When the sentence, and tice,” as exercised by the clans, has long len reprothe fact of the penalty having been paid, was declared | bated, chietly by persons who did not understand the at the moad or mote, the criminal was acquitted in the circumstances in which it originated. It was certainly presence of the people.

inconsistent with centralization, but the blame must If sometimes happened that the means of the crimi- attach to thie usurpers, and not to the people. Assunnal fell short of the compensation required; but in all ing, however, that the people were in the wrong, it such cases, when the crime was committed within the must be admitted that the king and his sheep-skin adbounds of the clan, the “kith and kin” of the criminal berents, as the Highlanders derisively styled all who charged themselves with the deficiency, and could not accepted lands and jurisdictions under royal charters, thereafter be reproached with the crime of their kins-have ultimately been fully avenged ;--for the sovereign, man. In like manner, when the crime was committed and those who were to profit by his usurpations, con against, or within the bounds of another clan, the whole stituted themselves the legislators, brehon, jury, and clan of the criminal charged themselves with the deficien- executive of the people, stripped them of their lands, cy, and thus preserved the honour of their clan from being rights, and privileges, and reduced them, in effect, inta stained with the crime of any individual of their number vassals or outlaws. The record of such hole-and-cor—for so close was the unity, that the clan was liable for ner proceedings now forms the foundation of the only theindividual, and the individual for the clan, untiltheeric history of Scotland extant, or at least recognised; while was paid. But, should the crime be considered infamous, il the acts of the people themselves have been proportioneither in itself or from the circumstances connected with ally depressed, and are now represented to, and known the perpetration of it, the criminal was handed over to by, the general reader, merely as the acts of thieves the Druids, by whom he was tried, and, if guilty, exe- and robbers! Nay, their very wars- - the war, for in cuted with great solemnity within the Druidic circles. stance, of independence, which, for thirty years, they Since the fall of the Druids

, it has been the practice to maintained against the English—is compressed, in the banish individuals guilty of infamous crimes forth the “ History of Scotland," into one or two chapters, rebounds of the clan. This was a severe sentence, but presenting only the treachery, or undecided and vacillatit saved the honour of the clan from being affected by ing poliey of two or three petty sheep-skin lords and the crimes of any individual member. The compensa- barons, relieved only by trifling notices of the “illtion, when paid, purged the disgrace; but when the requited” heroism of one illustrious chief of the Strat la crime was of a character that did not admit of compen-Clyde Britons— William Wallace, or, more properly

, sation, the clan could only eliace the stain by disown-Walence. Such is the History of Scotlaud, compiled ing and banishing tbe criminal. The exile was some-| by men totally ignorant of her ancient patriarchal contimes received under an assumed name, by some clan stitution, and of the language, laws, rights and wrongs not cognizant of the nature of the crime, and resident of her people. in some distant part of the country. The descendants But, as the great and good Being who created the of many persons who had thus been received under the world did not, at the same time, create kings and lords, protection of other claus have only reassumed the names and divide it among them, surely, having discovered of their ancestors since the fall of the clan system. The potency of sheep-skins, they were entitled to create When the banished individual was not thus fortunate, one another, and to appropriate everything good and he became what is called cearmach coille-i.e., a war- desirable to themselves. So thought the kings and rior of the wood for whose misdeeds neither his coun- lords of Scotland, and their vassals and villeyus; but try nor his clan was held to be responsible.

not so thought the elected chieftains of the Stewarts It has thus been shown by Spenser, that in Ireland | of Perthshire and the Macdonalds of Glencoe. Hence, no individual had any right of property in the soil in the winter of 1692, when the inhabitants of the diswhich belonged from age to age in common to the trict of Wymes awoke one morning, they found their whole clan, or people of a district. They elected country cleared of every hoof belonging to them. Then their own rulers, and maintained them by a volun- did their women and children scream and clap their tary tribute, regulated by the cleachda, or use and hands—then did the war-pipe sound, and the fire-cross wout, denominated coeha. That the people of Ireland llame and fly—then did every peel give egress to its have never been able to recognise the title of a king | petty tyrant, and his household martinets and menials

-theu did every vale, glen, and corry, pour forth its || maddening rapidity, which communicated the stern joy vassal or villeyn inhabitants, who flew to their alarm and boiling enthusiasm of their own daring hearts to post at Caisivile, where, forming under their respective the warlike actors in the fierce and exciting conflict leaders, they set off in pursuit of these daring avengers which raged around. of the plundered clans.

The knight and barons of Wymes and their fol. After a long and rapid chase, the pursuers came up lowers were so cased in armour, and the Highlanders to the so-called spoilers, who seemed in no haste to so dexterous in the use of their light and elegant escape, but were coolly resting and refreshing them. targets, that the deaths were few compared to the selves at the head of Lochranach, while the patriarchs noise and spirited character of the battle, and the of the expedition were making a fair division of the energy, bravery, and obstinacy of the combatants; exacted culpa among the descendants of those to but it was soon evident that the Menzies were effectuwhom the district originally belonged, and their allies. ally repulsed, and retrograding, foot by foot, to the The Menzies halted, until such of their numbers as rear, instead of making the steady and onward movehad been distanced in the ardour of the chase should ment necessary to recover the foray. This was partly come up, and then formed into a sort of a line, pre-owing to the furious enmity between the knight and paratory to an immediate attack, while the foragers, || barons and the chieftains of the Stewarts. Through “ nothing loath,” stood to their arms, and formed this excess of enmity, the Menzies leaders sunk into themselves on a small level plain, which is still indi- mere combatants, thus throwing away the coolness and cated by one or two old and venerable trees near the the skill which should have been devoted to the head of Lochranach.

achievement of victory, and the consequent recovery The battles of the clans afford little scope for a of the foray, in fierce but valueless efforts, for the Aourishing description. They were mere matter of gratification of their personal feelings of vengeance. fact affairs, aiming at no military display, and involv-|| Their followers fought with a degree of bravery and ing no skilful strategy or tactics. There were no obstinacy worthy of success; but they had no leader to cavalry prancing on their flanks with burnished ar- direct the combined movement, without which they mour, waving plumes and polished sabres, made ap- i could achieve no victory, and they were thus evidently parently to glitter unstained in the sunshine; no dark losing ground, and receding slowly over the plain, and flying bands of artillery, taking up their stations while the knight, barons, and a party who adhered to on the surrounding heights, scaring the face of nature them, with the faith and constancy of a seine chrios, with clouds of smoke and sheets of flame, and shaking continued to make furious ousiaughts at every point the solid earth with successive crashes of thunder ; at which the Stewart leaders, especially Fortingall, there was 110 cloud of skirmishers, extended and showed themselves. thrown forward to cover their front, nor a column of Fortingall, Gartha, and Hincarvale, the gallant reserve formed in the rear to sustain the attack. In leaders of the small Stewart party, felt towards the short

, the battles of the ancient clans were totally knight and his barons the same inteuse enmity and destitute of the whole "pomp and circumstance" of, the same thirst of vengeance; but the former was a modern warfare. The Stewarts and the Macdonalds cool, crafty, and wary leader; and from the moment stood on the defensive, and the Menzies advanced in lie saw the incautious game the Menzies leader was a sort of line, until they were within about one pursuing, he formed the design of so manæuvring as hundred paces from one another, when both, as if by to draw him away so far from his own party as to make one impulse, discharged their Spanish pieces, and then, him prisoner, when he had no doubt of being able to finging them on the ground, drew their claymores, compel him to submit to very convenient terms, for " scrugged their bonnets,” and rushed to a close, with the settlement of all questions pending between them.* a yell that rent the hills. The conflict, in time, lasted but for a moment.

Hedarildhe chedaridde hodariddo, Many were stretched on the ground in the twinkling

Chedaridde hodariddo hiodarimto liho.

HIodariddo chedaridde hedaridde I dar, of an eye, and those who stood firm in the tulzie

Ilodariddo chedaridde hedaridde lio, seemed each to have discovered “a warrior worthy of

Hedariddhe chedaridde hodariddo hio, his steel,” until the whole bands became scattered over

I darid, I hedariddhe chedaridde, hoe, the plain, in a fierce and bloody contest, which as

Hivdariddo hioem. sumed an appearance as if à multitude of war

Ilolaridde hoen hedariddhe cheda, like maniacs were in single combat, one against

Ilo larildo hioem I darid I hedarid,

Chedariddhe chelharid I hedaridhe, another. The whole field thus presented a wild scene

Chedaridde hodariddo hioem. of individual combats, where man was matched against * THE RAID OF TWYHE.--The raid which ended in the burnman, and chieftain against baron, in a fierce, steru, ing of Wyne ('astle, and the plundering of Sir Robert Menzies' and deadly struggle. Swords clashed, armour rang, lands, arose out of a dispute between Nenzies and Niel Stewart and warriors shouted, while the minstrels of the con

of Fortingsil, regarding the lands of Rannoclı, of which Menzies tending clans poured forth Ex-vlibh gear, * in streams or bad got a grant, dated 1st September, 1302; and from an inci

dental notice in the lord High Treasurer's account, would appear * The following specimen of the En still gear is from a ms to have taken place in October of that year. That this was a of the syllabic music of the day. The equivalent note fur cazh ! very destructive inroal will be seen from the following statement,

which is likenise curious, as showing the varlike furniture of a sydlable is still known to many of the more eininen: pipers of the

baronial mansion in the Ilighlands, at the commencement of the Highlands. We may mention, in particular, the piper of his

10th century. This I have taken from a derrect of the Lords of late Royal Highness the Duke of Susses :

Council, in an artion of damages rai-ed by Menzies aguinst SPECIMEN OF THE “EAOLIBII GEAR," FROM AN OLD MASTSCRIPT. Stewart. The latter had attempted to get rid of the action, by Hodariddo chedaridde hedaridde I dar,

producing a discharge of all damages, which he had forced Sir Hodariddo chedaridde hedaridde ho,

Robert Menzies, then his prisouer, to sign. Thuis plea failing

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