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“Vienna, May 7, 1719. last for the ornament of Scotland. When, or if ever, I shall "My Lord—I gesterday delivered the King's letters of have the happiness of seeing that country, or your Lorushin, Dotification at the appartement, to their Imperial Majesties, I cannot say, but I think I may venture to afirun, that bo who both received with satisłaction the news of the increase in in wisies the pro-perity of iny conndy inure siprerely o his Majesty's fa nily, n?
ijedine to make this com- han myurt', and the no man can be with more sinceri'i plim-nts of conurentaion to the king upon this occasion. in rezar! than I am my Lord Balcarres's most bumble muid to return their thanks for this mark of his attention. The use obedende trvani,
Llobr. KLITU." The delivery of the letters gave me the potities: prly long conversation with both the Company and En
Nineteen vears later, Sir Robert Murray Keith, the press, but separately In that with her Majoty, I in- son, was writing from the same city, to his sister Aune, formed ber that your Grace hit reerivad my lipitehes: reminding her of his anxiety for trees :and haid lad thein for the kingid that the contents of them ha! giren his Majesty great satisfaction in every “And now pray, my dear Anne, let me appoint you my sub. respect.
The Empress expressed great pleasure ; sha snil stitute with G- ,* to din into his ears, ' Trees, trees, irees,' she was very happy to find that the King approved their every time you meet him. I have not a twig of his planting at ideas, and was convinced of the sincerity of their intention the hall, and I own I expected a forest. This is no joking mat. for maintaining the pace of thr Norin, and the genera! || ter ; * I would rather be master of a handsome plantation, and tranquility of Europe. She said repose was absolutely | hedze-rors, than of a mine of gold; so you know you cau, and necessary for them in their present circumstances ; ?nu her Majesty addel, that it should alwaye lie ler giy to enlti.
will pursue it. You shall be the ranger of the new forest in vate and improve the new friendship and correspondence | Tweediale, and your husband, when you get one, shall be Lord with the King, and that she thought things were more trup
Warden of the Marches." pily in such a siiuation, and the interests of the tuto Courts so very much uni:ed, that she coulil foresee nothing that
“The Wood o' Mar” in these days was not the bonny conld happen to less n that harmony which was so neces. hill o' heather that honest Andrew supposed; if by sary for their mutual safety. • After I had left the Empress, the Emperor did me the
the name he meant to express the great forest of honour to desire that I would go with him into the varilen:
Braemar, then studded with trees stately as any in the and, when we were there, bis Majesty began a conversi ion noble forest of Compeigne; and now, thanks to extrain the most amicable manner in the world. He said, } might assure the king myinister, that however detective vagance and entails! studded as thickly with stumps, they might be now and then in forms, they were des hovio overgrowa by cranberry-bushes. “The Wood o'lar" retes gens til fond,' and that we should it! ayy find the supplied the finest pine timber in the kingdom of so; that they were very soosible of his Majesty's friendship upon all occusions, and should never fail, on their siile, in
Scotland, not excepting the forest of Rothiemurcus ; making suitable returns. The Emperor then talked of the but it is stripped, peeled, and bare, without a young present situation of the affairs of Europe, and said that it was supring coming up to shelter the heather. The curse both their interest and inclination to hiuder any new in e from breaking out which miglit endanger the public tran.
of principalities instead of estates is ruining Scotland, quility; that they would hearily concur with his Majesty in and, indeed, by a slower process, the other two leading every measure that could contribute to so desirable an end : Il portions of the empire. Interference with private proand that, he hoped, considering the present disposition of France, there was no immediate cancer of any new dis
perty would be a still greater evil, and a yet quicker torbances. He said, however, he could not help having ruiu; but it is unnecessary to remove this source of sime apprehensions from the preparations the king of barren wretchedness. We have only to undo the Prussia bid male, ard the great expense he had put him self to; which, froin the knowlei ele bid of that Priory's
law of entail, to improve our soil, amend our disposition, he could not imagine he would do without some climate, treble our trees, quadruple our produce, and, view of turning it to account.''
of course, double our population, reducing nothing but A considerable part of Mr. Keith's early correspondi- || pauperism, crime, and police rates. The good sense ence consists of anecdotes regarding the celebrated displayed in the advice, Plant, gentlemen; plant,” Maria Theresa, who swayed the interests of Germany i has not been entirely cast away. It has been followed and of Hungary. The British alliance with Prussia, wherever it was available; but the owner of entailed and the repugnance of the Empress to the claims and estates has no interest except to cut down and destroy. the rapid acquisitions of Prussia, caused a temporary Vany gentlemen, in that position, fight against their umbrage between the Courts of London and Vienna, own and their family's interests; but the conflict is which, without impairing the esteeem expressed by unjust for them. The Duke of Richmond, for exam. the Empress or her minister, the celebrated Count ple, has planted more we believe than any proprietor De Kaunitz, for Mr. Keith, led necessarily to his re- in the north country, upou an entailed estate; and we tirement from Vienna, on the formation of an alliauce now see it stated that he seeks, very properly, to break between Austria and France.
the entail which of necessity renders the owner of the TREES AND ENTAILS.
* sir R. M. Klu's burntf, on his property in Tweed
dale. Both the elder and younger Keiths were excel- + This alludes to an amusing anecdote, (jusi communilent epistolary correspondents; and in their long ab
cated to the editor), occurring in a letter from Sir RM.
Keith to his sister, when traveling in France m 1764. “Yessences from their native country, they never forgoterday afternoon, in passing tbrough the noble forest of the friends it contained, or the prosperity which they Compeigne. I took the liverty of questioning, as follows, desired for them and for it. The truth of Dr. John
my man Andrew, who is a gentleman of great sagacity.
Pray Andrew, saw you ever so bne a forest as the one we son's reproach, regarding the paucity of our trees, be
have come through 'Sir,' quoth Andrew, the forest is a gan to strike many Scotch gentlemen a century since; || gay forest; but i se warrant I've seen other forests before
now.' "Where, Andrew and to that fact we may attribute its removal from the
Nare you auything like this
in Athol?' 'Ay, sir. I wish your honour bad only seen lowland parts of the country, although to the present the Duke of Perth's grit forest in our country? Ne has a day fully more progress has been made in suppressing bantie of fine deeis in't, and Colonel Glane piys a hunder than in planting Highland forests. Writing to the Earl puns, sterling by the rear, jist till keep the dcers frae
bein' destroyed in ilt.' Well, Andrew, I'm glad to hear of Balcarres, from Vienna, in 1753, the elder Keith what you say; but are the trees in that forest as five as says:
those we saw to-day?' 'Trees, sir!' quoth Andrew, .no,
sir, tbere's no a stannin' stick in the Duke's grit forest; but “I give you joy, with all my heart, on the rapid increase it's a' vonny hill and heather, like tbe uvod o' Mar.' 0, of your fainily; and I hope you will still live many year's tv patriotism, patriotism, thy errors are beauti ul! Icmbraced beget children and plant troes-the first for the service, thell my man Andrew, and we pursued our journey."
THE RUSSIAN EMBASSY.
extensive estates of the late Duke of Gordon, an ab.ll or my life itself, for the service of so gracious a master; sentee. The immediate results of entails are not read the approach of that season. All these reasons, juired
and two attacks of fever which I bad last winter pake me their only evils. Absenteeism is greatly promoted, i to your indulgence for me, will induce your Lordship, I hope, and often, indeed, rendered absolutely necessary by the to use your good offices with the king iu my behalf, and to successive accumulation of entails. Even if the laws prevail upon His Majesty to comescend to grant my request.
When your Lor ship informed me some time ago thai His were not entirely repealed, it would be well for Ire. Majestý had been pl aseu tu entrust me with credit for al land and Scotland to enact that they should only large sum of money *, you forgot to mention in whose hands operate in favour of heirs resident in the respective the money was to feed. I must therefore beg the famour 19
know upon whom I may draw, if occasion should require: I countries, or who proposed to make their habitual mean only for suela gratitications as I may judge it orcessery residence in them.
to make, from time to time, to particular persons ; fur, as I said then, I see not the smallest appearance, at present, of laying out considerable sums to any advantage. I be leare, before I end this letter, to recommend to your Lorisbip's
What they wish for themseist is Reverting to the Keiths, and diplomacy, we find that protection my two sons.
the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel for the eldest, and a post-s!? Mr. Keith was transferred from Vienna to St. Peters- for the sailor: and I would fain bope that, by the assistares burgh; from attending on Maria Theresa to wait upon of your Lordship, they may attain their wishes before the the future Catherine II. He disliked the change, as
war ends; for if they shonld not, they would have no hod
of anything, and have their fortuve to begin again, as much men of less experience in the world would have done; as if they bad never served. and when he arrived at St. Petersburg, March, 1758, he
“I have one reason which makes me hope for suceess in experienced a sad difference between the “stiff cere
my request to retire, viz., that it is the first favour that ever
I asked for myself; for I can venture to say, and I appeal monial of the Northern Court, and his occasional for the truth of it to all the Secretaries of Siate, that in the political quarrels” with "the accomplished Maria course of twenty years that I have served the Crown, I never Theresa.” He found the future Catherine II. in dif. I desired increase of honours or appointments, I nerer asked
for any employment, nor ever refused any, when it was ficulties, and began to compassionate her position at thought I could be of use to the service of my royal master. once. He learned, subsequently, that she could take bis Majesty for my ohiaining this request, 1 shill consider care of her own interests. The kind of correspondence it a best particular favour, and it will add to the respect in which diplomatists occasionally indulge, may be with which I always am, &c., gatliered from the following extract of a letter dated
“R. Ksita." in May, 1758:
The passage regarding the large sum at Mr. Keith's « The measures of this Court will, I believe, be determined shows how our ancestors' money went, and how care
credit somewhere, but where he was not informed, by the good or bad success of the King of Prussia's arms against the Empress-Queen. I have reason to think they are weary of lessly it was circulated. The request in favour of lus the war, and I know they have not a shilling to rub upon one two sons was certainly not unreasonable, when preanother."
ferred by a diplomatist who, after twenty years' ser--We find nothing further of Mr. Keith until the vice, in the stations of distinction, could say in his month of May, 1760, when a letter from him to the appeal to the source of patronage that, he "never de. Earl of Holdernesse is inserted, in which he requests sired increase of honours or appointments” to himself. permission to return home. We insert the letter as The statement is highly creditable to a poor Mearns it stands, for several reasons :
laird, who had been successfully ambassador from
Britain to Vienna and St. Petersburgh. Equally credii“MR. KEITI, TO THE Earl of HOLDERNESSE. “St. Petersburgh, May 2-13, 1760.
able to the minister is the following extract from one “My Lord- The season of the year advancing very fast,
of his private letters, dated on the Ith of June, in the and the summer being very short in this country, I must same year, and written under the fear that the Goren. beg leave to put your Lordship in mind of what I formerly
ment was to imitate “that ignominious campaign of hinted to you, of my desire of returning home. Your Lord. ship knows that I accepted of this commission merely in 1757, which,'' he says, “I could wish blotted from the obedience to his Majesty's commands, and at the desire of History of England”the Duke of Newcastle and your Lordship, but upon the condition that it should not last abure two or three
“I have one solid comfort in the midst of my most distress. years at most. That term will now be very soon elapsed,
ful situation; which is, that I have done my duty honestly and, wbich is worse, without my having been of any use to
and freely, without consulting to please, or acquire friends. his Majesty's service in this post, whicb, whatever defects I
I have sacrificed my ambition to the public weal. I bare, in may otherwise have, has not been owing either to want of some measure, regained the confidence of the hero, with diligence or zeal..
whom I live; and he bears from me what, perhaps, he * Probably the situation of affairs at this Court on my
would not have patience to do from another. This is, in truth, arrival, and since, would have made it difficult for a much
the reason why I remain here. I do not think it impossible older minister to succeed; but, however that may be, I see
I may be recalled, though I have not asked it. I shall very little hopes of things mending bere for some time, and
retire with pleasure, for I am well able to justify every. cousequently there is no danger to the King's service in any thing I Lave done. I beartily wish every man concerned in respect by my being recalled, especially as your Lordship public business were in the same happy situation." has a whole summer before you to choose one in my place. The subsidy to the King of Prussia was suspended But, beside the above, your Lordship may easily think that that year
. The History of Prussia, by Leopold Ranke, at my age it is very natural to wish for a retreat, and to return to my family, which I bave now been absent from near would prove a great helpto understand the position of the tweuty years. The consideration of health is likewise of some weight, though I shall never hesitate to cxpose that, King of Prussia in these affairs with Britain. A translaThis must have been reudercil apparent to his superiors
* £100,000 had been placed at Mr. Keith's disposal. (by whom his recall was happily rerused, till opportunities
+ The letter addressed to Mr Keith, by Mr. Pitt, about this of rendering to his country, and its ally the King of Prussin, || period, shows that the request regarding these promotions very eminent services, were opened by a new reign) by tbe was most readily granted,(if not, indeed, anticipated lyckat frequent though ineffectual arguments in favour of peace great minister), and that on the ground of acknowledged with the former, and remonstrances in behalf of the latter desert on the part of the sons, as well as the parent. The (whose kingdom it sounds strange to us to hear that Russia denial, or at least erasion, of Mr Keith's request, to be see ther seriously talked of “ taking and retaining for herself”)| called, so frequently renewed, opened to bis talents the which all the previous dispatches of the British Minister influential sphere which Russia had hitherto failed to pre
sent to his tried experience id negotiations,
tion, in three volumes, by Sir Alexander and Lady Duff All our expenditure and inconsistencies were caused Gordon, has been recently published, * jorming a very || by the violent temper, the stubbornness, and the Gerreadable work. The interference of Britain most unne- man leanings of George II., a prince in whom a strange cessarily in the continental affairs of the last century, intermingling of good and bad qualities--of great and creeps out in every chapter, and the excessive cost to small vices and virtues—failed to produce a great this country is often made manifest.
monarch; although it gave Britain a German full of Our Parliament was perpetually voting subsidies. German tendencies, like his predecessor, for a king. In the year 1711, although harassed with events at The year 1745, probably, produced some change in home, and threatened by a formidable invasion, a sub-|| his character. The army was beaten, on the 11th of sidy of £150,000 was voted to Maria Theresa, for the May, at Fontenoy, by the French forces, strengthened hy purpose of making a vigorous attack upon France, the Irish brigades; and the invasion of Charles Stuart through Alsatia ; but no sooner had the money been compelled the king to fall back on an alliance with the paid, than the Queen withdrew her whole army from Northern German Protestant powers, whom we immethat province.” [Dufl’s translation of Ranke, vol. 3, diately commenced to subsidise at the rate of more than p. 217.) Maria Theresa was accused of looking entirely half a million annually, and which, at the time, was, perto her own interests; and merely desiring to have suffi- haps, little less than an equivalent for two and a-half milcient means for opposing Prussia while at the time the lions, or half the annual cost of our navy now. Sir policy of this country comprised the support and exten- || Andrew Mitchell was, at that time, our envoy to Prussia, sion of Prussian influence. The House of Brunswick and he had passed so many years at the Prussian Court, should find its surest ally in the House of Brandenburgh, that he had formed a great attachment to the Prussian by whom, with few exceptions, the Prussian monarchy | monarch, and yet writes as we have quoted, regarding his and the increase of Prussian influence have been sup- own conduct; and the efforts made by him to discharge ported at a serious cost to the country. Lord Cat- his duty, “ Fairly, honestly, and freely,” to his country. tarel, who exercised a great influence over the English In 1762, a fit of economy seized our Ministry, and the councils, retired from office at this juncture, and was subsidy to Prussia was stopped, while Prussia was at succeeded by Lord Harrington, who had uniformly war with Austria, and threatened—nay, invaded by endeavoured to conciliate the interests of Prussia Russia. At this juncture, Mr. Keith was enabled to with those of England.” An immediate under-|| render great services to Prussia, and succeeded in perstanding with Prussia was not, however, completed || suading the Emperor to abandon the war-services and then, although Harrington greatly desired that step. their result for which Frederick expressed sincere
On the other hand, subsidies were continued to gratitude. Maria Theresa; and, even in the eventful year 1715, Mr. Keith appears to have had considerable inwhen the country was threatened with civil war, which fluence with the Emperor, and to have greatly apultimately broke out, and when an undisciplined army, || proved of his conduct, but the end was approaching. composed of Highland clans, twice defeated the regu- In the early part of 1762, the Emperor, Peter III., lar forces in pitched battles, and made themselves continued his reforms, but he was literally doing masters of the Nortlı, marching to Derby, in the heart too much good to be safe ; and Mr. Keith thus de. of the midland counties, and even threatening London, scribes the rebellion of his wife, Catherine II., by while the best part of the British army was employed whom he was overthrown :in the Netherlands, the following sums had been voted as subsidies :
"About eight o'clock that same evening, the Empress, on
horseback, marched out of town at the head of 10,000 or To Sardinia,
£200,000 12.000 men, with a great train of artillery, on the road to Cologne,
24,299 | Peterhoff, in order to attack the Emperor, whether at PeterMayence,
hoff or Oranienbaum ; and the next day, in the afternoon, Maria Theresa,
we received the accounts of his Imperial Majesty having,
500,000 without striking a stroke, surrendered his person, and reA further subsidy, “to make good such other trea
signed his crown. The few authentic circumstances of this ties as are or shall be made with his Majesty's
great event which I have been able to pick up are, that this allies, and for other services for the year 1743," 500,000 affair had been iorg contriving, but was hastened in the exe
cution by one of the conspirators having been arrested the £1,232,919 day before, upon some indignant words he had let drop ;
this alarmed the others, who, for fear of a total discovery, Taking into account the value of money a century resolved to go to work immediately, and, in consequence, since, we consider this sum equivalent to a present sent some of their number in the night-time to Peterhoff to vote of £4,000,000, and equal to the value of the king. | apprise the Empress, and to represent the necessity of her
repairing to town without loss of time. It was, I think, one dom of Hanover, at a fair market price.
Orlow, formerly an officer in the artillery, who was charged Even this immense expenditure was not undertaken with this commission, and who, baving got admission about for a purpose which was considered consistent with chamber, informed her of her danger. Accordingly, as soon
four in the morning into her Imperial Majesty's bedBritish interests, but one which the historian of Prussia
as she could get dresserl, the Empress slipped out of the supposed to be opposed to the views of our Ministry, | palace—some say by a back door, others by a window
without one single servant of either sex; and, after several for he says, page 251, vol. 3 :
little accidents, such as horses tiring, &c., arrived in town “The English Ministers, while they wished the King of Prussia | about six o'clock, and went berself to the caserne of the all possible success, nevertheless allowed the attack upon Silesia Ismaeloff'skey Guards, which she found under arms, with to take place without opposition or remonstrance. There can be
their colonel, the Hetman Rasomorosky, at their head, ready no doubt that the armaments of Prince Charles and of the Duke
to receive her. As for the Emperor, he had not the least of Weissenfels were mainly defrayed by English money, at a time suspicion or information of the attir till between eleren and
twelve in the forenoon, when, being upon the road from when it was no longer the interest or the wish of England that
Oranienbaum to Peterhoff, he was met by a servant of Leon the Anstrian arms should be successful."
Narishkin, who acquainted him with the situation of affairs
in town. His Majesty had proceeded to Peterhoff, and he * London : John Murray, learned there the mavner in wbich the Empress had left
VOL. XVI.-XO, CLXXXIX,
MEMOIRS AND CORRESPONDENCE OF SIR ROBERT MURRAY KEITH, K.B.
that place—her departure baving been concealed by the that corps into Germany with him, in order to make war bed-chamber women from the ladies and other courtiers, by upon Denmark, a measure disagreeable to the wbole nation, the pretence of in disposition.
who lamented greatly their being drawn into new estrenes "From that moment, there was nothing but confusion and new dangers for the Duchy of Holslein, (which they and despair amongst the Emperor's small court, and no considered as a trifling object, and entirely indifferent to resolution of any kind was taken till very late in the evening, Russia) just after the Emperor bad sacrificed the conquests, when his Imperial Majesty, with all his train, ladies and made by the Russian army, and which were of importanca gentlemen, went on board of a galley that rode before to Russia, to his friendship for the King of Prussia. Peterhoff, and sailed over to Cronstadt, in the hope of being ". Several other small circumstances, reatly exaggerated, receired there. But Telegin, a commissioner of the admi- and artfully represented and improveil, contributed greatly ralır, and Mardison, a vice-admiral, who were sent down 10 the fall of this unhappy privee, who had many exellent in the morning from Petersburgh, had got the start of qualities, and never did a violent or crue! :iction in the him; and when the Emperor approached the harbonr, he course of bis short reign; but who, from aversion to busiwas not only refused admitance, but threatened to be fired ness, and the unbappy choice of faso!uites, who encouraged upon. The confusion and despair, as you may casily nim in it, let everything fill into confusion; and from a imagine, were now greatly increased ; and the valley, withi fulse notion he bad adopted of having hxed the atfeethe other boats that artened, returned, takiny different tions of the nation. by taours conferred in the begin. rontes, some lo Peterboff, and the Emperor to Oranienvanın, ning of his reign, fell into an indolence and security which with a very sinall atteudancr.
proved fatal to him.” “On the morning of Saturday, on hearing ibat the Em- This revolution overturned the policy pursued by press was drawing near witb so great a force, the Emperor | Peter, giving a new complexion to European politics
. It with proposals ; and, after some time, Ismaeloff returned removed a democratic despot to substitute in bis place with a paper, ready drawn up, containing a resignation of the most intriguing and artful woman of Europe. The coach along with that officer, and took the road to Peter-|| Keiths seem to have fallen singularly amongst female hoff; but whither he was carried, or where he is gone, 1 sovereigns. Sir Robert Murray Keith won his spurs as am absolutely ignorant.
a diplomatist by his spirited and successful defence of “It is reported that, in the above-mentioned paper, there was a clauso, declaring that the Emperor should hive | George the Third’ssister, the unfortunate Queen of Denliberty to retire to Holstein, if he thought proper. mark, and completed his career by the pacificationimine
" "Thus ended this extraordinary and important transao || diately previous to the excesses of the French revolution; and her Imperial Majesty, after passing the night at a country house of Prince Kurraken's, returned to town on tion, of Austria, Russia, and Turkey. His non-official Sundny morning, and having heard, in passing, mass at correspondence is playful and amusing, casting fitthe Admiralty chureh, went straight to the summer palace. Il ful, but useful light, over many of the events of his residence, and where people of all degrees were admitted period. Amongst his letters, those to his sister to kiss her hands. With regard to the motives of this sud- | Anne, and to Mr. Bradshaw, whom Junius designates den revolution, it is plain that the resumption of the chureb lands, and i be neglect of the clergy, were the principal; and
as a successful placeman, are the best. His brother, the next to these, the severe discipline which the Emperor Basil, was knighted, and made governor of Jamaica; endeavoured to introduce among the troops, particularly the land we may take a few more pages, at another time, guards, who had been accustomed to great idleness and lei- || to show how these fortunate and honest diplomatists sure; and the discontent was heightened by the resolution bis Imperial Majesty had taken of cari ying a great part of|| thought and wrote in their private capacity.
LITERARY REGISTER. Lectures on Medical Missions. Edinburgh : Sutherland We like the name of this volume, “ Medical Missions. and Knox.
It reminds us so much of the early missions of which we THESE lectures were lately delivered at the instance of read in the New Testament—those missions conducted the Edinburgh Medical Society. The volume contains a by our blessed Saviour and his apostles, and in the press • Prefatory Essay,” by Professor Alison.—Lecture I. || cution of which the healing art was so often and se sec Introductory,” by Professor Miller.—Lecture II. | cessfully had recourse to. One of the chief things that “ The importance of Medical Missions,” by Rev. W. Swan, strikes the reader of the Gospels is, that Jesus Christ lately missionary in Siberia.—Lecture III. “The quali- his apostles were medical missionaries-that they songs fications of a Medical Missionary,” by Wm. Brown, Esq., to benefit the soul by benefiting the body; and it is President of the Medical Missionary Society:--- Lecture IV. difficult to perceive that, in their hands, this was a me “The duties of a Medical Missionary,” by Rev. J. successful way of spreading the gospel among the nation Watson.- Lecture V. “ The Sacredness of Medicine as We cannot help thinking that this expedient has be a Profession,” by Dr. Wilson.—Lecture VI. “ The sadly overlooked by the church in modern times, and Responsibilities attaching to the Profession of Medicine, if she would wish more to resemble her divine bead, it by Dr. Coldstream.
high time this feature of missions were to be seen in It will be seen that, with two exceptions, these lectures | her future efforts for the advancement of the Redeemne have been prepared and delivered by gentlemen belonging kingdom. Why should an instrumentality so valuable to the medical profession ; and it is certainly a most left any longer in the hands of the Jesuits!
SH pleasing and encouraging sight to witness so many mem- cause of truth now get the advantage of it too. bers of this faculty coming forward as the advocates of The contents of the yolume are of a superior order the spread
divine truth, and affording undoubted evi- lectures are eloquent, earnest, judicious, intelligent, dence that their noble and valuable profession no longer scriptural, and they will amply repay a perusal. Ania deserves to lie under the suspicion of being more friendly may be formed of what the reader may expect from to infidelity than to Christianity. Religion, we are con- following extract, taken from the introductory lecture : vinced, numbers some of its warmest and most devoted
“And, at the outset, let me shortly state the object wide upporters in the medical profession.
is proposed, at least to aim at, in the delivery of these leta
It is to explain the nature of medical missions; to show how we ability. The simplicity of their style, the fair and manly may profitably blend the healing of the sick with the teaching of
way in which the different points have been stated and the Gospel, the cure of the body with the cure of the soul. It is to exhibit the advantages which a medical man, by reason of
discussed, the strength and force of their varied reasonhis craft, possesses as a missionary of Christ; to illustrate howings, and the conclusiveness of their arguments, render the the heathen lie peculiarly accessible to his inflnence, when, in volume worthy of a careful perusal, and of a place among such a twofold capacity, he offers to their acceptance twin gifts our works on the Christian evidences. of goodliest price-for time and for eternity. It is to narrate what has been already done in this hopeful direction, and with what success God's liberal hand has crowned the labours of the work- Before and After. In 2 vols. London: T. C. Newby. inen already in the field--at once so large and so 'white unto A SERIES of sketches and short stories tagged together the harvest. It is to aronse the Christian compassion of our by a slight thread of narrative; most, if not all, of which countrymen for the unhappy people of other lands, that sit in darkness and in the shadow of a double death, by directing atten- | Library of Fiction," and other publications. They are,
had previously appeared in “Chambers' Journal," “ The tion to their every-way perishing and lost estate ; and to point to the adoption of those remedial means by which both soul and
therefore, scarcely within the scope of more than a passbody may be renovated and saved. It is to acquaint with these ing notice in our Literary Register. But this we may things the mind of our youth who dedicate themselves to the
say, that the tales and sketches which compose these two medical profession ; to quicken their hearts, as that of one man,
volumes are graphically written, and show a good acto sympathise with the wretched, and to contribute in their cause ; and, by God's blessing, to awaken some generous and
quaintance with the world in general, and the manners energetic spirits to devote themselves, with Christian chivalry, and feelings of the denizens of country towns in particular. solemnly, and for life, to their great and noble apostleship.” The author has evidently had experience of the turmoil
and grand revulsion which take place in the society of Lectures on the Evilences of Christianity. Dundee : a small town when local improvement, and especially when Wm. Middleton,
railway innovations become the order of the day in the These lectures were lately delivered in Dundee. They | vicinity. He has also seen some service on the press in were prepared at the request of a gentleman who seems to his day, as scenes and incidents are described which could take a kindly interest in the condition of the working only be known to the brethren of the craft. classes, Being, like many others, of the opinion that scepticism is rather on the increase among the masses in Outlines of English History: Ontlines of French His. our large towns, he applied to three ministers of the Gos
tory: Outlines of General Knowledge. By Henry pel in Dundee, to deliver a course of lectures on the Evi. Ince, M.A. London: James Gilbert. dences of Christianity. We deem the selection of only THREE small treatises, carefully compiled, containing, three lecturers an advantage, and preferable to the more in short space, a vast amouut of interesting and useful common mode of employing several. The Revs. W. Wil- knowledge, and admirably adapted as helps to parents and son, of the Free Church ; A. IIannay, of the Independent i teachers of youth. Church ; and J. R. M.Gavin, of the United Presbyterian Church--ministers from three different denominations | The Pocket, Manual of Manners. Glasgow : David N. Fere the parties employed to deliver this course.
Chambers, glad to observe, from the subjects of the lectures, that the A CHEAP and comprehensive shilling's worth of sound more modern forms in which infidelity has appeared, such and sterling information on the improvement of the as Socialism, have not been overlooked in this course. The manners and deportment, and worthy of the attention of lectures themselves have been executed with considerable | all who seek for instruction and amendment on the subject.
THE HUNGARIAN AND EUROPEAN soldiers were turned on the country. Pensions and WARS.
sinecures were immovable, but the small men sufThe month of August, 1819, deserves to be long || fered. Still, the movement meant well, was necesheld in remembrance for the ineffectual zeal dis- | sary, and taught those who spend public money played in the great towns of England and Scotland || that those who pay the same were now beginning to on a question of foreign policy. Financial Reform examine their proceedings. Associations had been engaged in teaching economy The peace movement next acquired renewed vito the people. Their meetings had been attended tality. A congress had been held at Brussels, and by many thousand persons, and their tracts had another was proposed at Paris. The foes of fighting been issued in bales. The riding and travelling had been amongst the lambs, and now they had taken posts of the by-ways of England and Scotland were courage to go amongst the lions. Delegates had to nearly weighed down by the weight of economy that be appointed from the various British towns. With sometimes they carried. The Post office wis en- the view of imparting additional strength to the riched by the new move to check the expenditure 'proceedings, lír. Coblen introduced his motion, in of money. The newspapers took up the cause with favour of arbitration, in the House of Commons. zeal, and endeavoured to make an excitement out The motion was not calculated in itself for reducof the advice, " take care of your pence.” The or- ' tion to legislation; but it consisted with all the ganization was successful in reducing some minor good principles that have been inculcated in society details. Three thousand sailors and six thousand for a long period, and it was enforced in a tempe