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Soon after this massacre, the Wahabees formed a junction with The events of the war in Syria have been related in the me. the relics of the Mamelukes who had fled to Upper Egypt. Me- | moir of Ibralıim Pasha, in last February number, already referred hemet Ali now prosecuted, with indefatigable energy, his prepara- to. That war rose out of a demand which Mehemet Ali made tions for the destruction of the Wahabees. This fanatical sect to Abdallah Pasha, then Governor of Acre, for the restitution of of Mohammedans had conquered the holy cities of Mecca and 6000 Egyptians, who had enigrated into Syria. This being reMediua, and even Jidda, marking their path by bloodshed and fused, on the 22 Nov., 1931, he sent into Syria a powerful array pillage. They plundereal the caravans of pilgrims going to the under Ibrahiin Pasha, who, in a few months, reduced the whole holy sepulchre, and got possession of the Malmel, the splendid | country to submission. i Turkish army was sent against box in which the Sultan sends every year the presents destined Ibrahim, who defeated them on several occasions; and on the for the tomb of Mahomet. Mehemet Ali soon made himselt | 11th of May, 1833, Syria was ceded by the Sultan to Mehemet master of Upper Egypt; and having obtained from the Sultan Ali, in conjunction with the Pashalic of Erypt. the government of that part of the country, he considerably in. In 18399, the Sultan made another attempt to recover Syria, bet creased the land-tax, and the duties of customs on the internal trade. his troops, under Hafiz Pasha, having been defeaterl at Nicih, on

In the Autumn of 1811, he sent his army into Irabia against the ? Hh of Jane of that year, the European powers interfered.' the Waliabees. His troops conquered Yambo and Nahala; and, The Syrian war was not put an end to until the Egyptian army as the fruits of three victories, he sent three sacks of Waliabees' was totally diefcated at Beyrout, in October, 1840, and the boun. cars to Constantinople. The Wahabee war lasted six years. bardment and taking of Acre, in which Admiral Sir Charles Va. The holy cities, Mecca and Medina were soon recovered ; and pier distinguished himsell, and the blockading of Alexandria by a the solemn delivery of the keys of the regained cities of the faith British squadron. It was during the period that the British was celebrated with great rejoicings at Constantinople. This were attacking his troops in Syria, and blockading Alexandria, formidable sect was, as yet, however, far from being suppressed. th Mehmet Ali behaved himself so magnanimously towa Mehemet Ali, therefore, renewed his preparations; but he lost a England by allowing the India mails to proceed as usual through fortified place called Kumsidal, containing great stores of arms Egypt unmolested. and animunition, which the Wahabees touk by surprise. Re- Mehemet Ali at length consented to give up Syria, on the solved to put down, at any hazard, these ferocious and daring hereditary Prashalic of Egypt in his own family being acceded to enemies, Mehemet Ali, in 1913, himself went for a time to the him. The following are the conditions of the firman sent from Hedjaz, to give new vigour to the measures adopted for their Constantinople by the Sultan, dated February, 1813, and accepted, entire overthrow. After the death of their sovereign, Sehud II., with some modifications, by Mehemet Ali, on the 10th of June, in 1814, when quarrels and divisions arose among them, on the 1841, by which the hereditary Pashalic of Egypt was granted to subject of the succession, they sustained several defeats. In the the latter :beginning of 1815, a decisive victory was obtained by Mehemet Ali, 1. The succession to the government of Egypt, within its at Bassila, not far from the City of Tarabe. Ibrahim, the son of ancient boundaries, to descend in a direct line in Mehemet Ali's the Pasha, finally succeeded, in 1818, in inflicting a total defeat male posterity, from the elder to the elder, among the sous on the Wahabees. The final overthrow and dispersion of this and grandsons--the nomination to be made by the Sublime rebellious sect are detailed in the obituary memoirof Ibrahim Pasha, Porte. inserted in the last February nunber of Tuit; these events hav- 2. The Pasha of Egypt to rank as : Vizier of the Ottoman ing been principally effected by his severity.

Empire, without having, in this character, with the exceptiot Convinced of the great advantages of discipline and military tac- of hereditary right-any other prerogative than those enjoyed ties, in the art of war, Mehemet Ali, in 1815, resolved upon having by other Viziers. his army properly drilled. IIis troops, however, wonld not sub- 3. ill treaties entered into between the Sublime Porte and mit to such an innovation on their old customs, and threatened the European Powers are to apply to Egypt as well as to any an insurrection. Seeing their spirit, he judiciously ordered the other part of the Ottoman Empire. most mutinous of his troops on an expedition into Nubia, under 4. The Pasha has authority to coin his own money in Egitt; his third son, Ismael Pasha, to extend his authority there. but the coins are to bear the name of the Sultan.

Ismael, in 1820, penetrated froin Syene to Dongola, on the 5. The standing army of Egypt is to be coinposed of 15,000 left bank of the Nile, defeated the residue of the Mamelukes, and men; and 400 men are to be sent yearly to Constantinople. reduced Dongola to a province of Egypt. He also conquered 6. The Viceroy of Egypt has the right to appoint officers of the provinces of Berber, Shendy, Sennaar, and Cordofan. the land and sea forces up to the rank of colonel, and below that

In the meantime, anxious to promote the trade and industry of general of brigade; but a general of brigade being a Pasha, of Egypt, Mehemet Ali completed the pew canal of Alexandria, the Porte alone can name Pashas. called by him, in honour of the Sultan, Mahmudie Canal. This 7. The Viceroy of Egypt cannot build vessels of war without vast undertaking was commenced on the 8th of January 1819, authority from the Subline Porte. under the superintendence of six European engineers, with about 9. The yearly tribute payable by the Pasha of Egypt to the 100,000 labourers ; and their number, though more than 7,000, Sublime Porte, fixed at 2,000,000 dollars, has since been reduced men dieil of contagious diseases, was gradually increased to to a million and a third of Spanish pillared dollars-about 290,000, each of whom received alout tenpence a-day. The canal £270,000 sterling. was completed on the 13th of September. It extends from below 9. The hereditary title is liable to revocation, should any Saone, on the Nile, to Pompey's Pillar, and is 47 miles long, 90 of Mehemet Ali's successors infringe any of the aforesaid confeet wide, and 18 feet deep. Within a short time, he established ditions. a line of telegraphs, a printing-press at Boulac, near Cairo, a The Sublime Porte also granted to Mehemet Ali, without the military sehool, and a higher institution for education, principally hereditary succession, the government of the provinces of Nubia, to form dragonians, or interpreters, and other public oficials. Darfour, Sennaar, und Cordofan, and all the territories annexed The teachers consisted of Ficneh and Italian officers.

thereto, situate out of Egypt. Having raised a new army, he had them drilled by Italians or Although Mehemet Ali had thus secured himself in the rule Frenchmen, who were well acquainted with the European sys- of such a country as Egypt, he never forgot the spirit of contem. He then offered the Sultan to assist in quelling the in- merce with which he started on his early career. He was the surrection in Greece ; and on the 16th of July, 1824, the Egyptian greatest merchant of his country, and none other could deal with fleet, consisting of 103 vessels, with 18,000 men on board, under foreign nations without liis permission. His income, estimated the command of Ibrahim Pasha, sailed for the Morea. For at between six and seven million pounds, arose from poll and three years Ibraham kept the country in subjection, but was oh- hand taxes; customs of the ports of Cairo, Suez, Damieta, ller. liged to retire from it after the battle of Navarino, on the 20th | andria, &c.; brunches of revenue farmed out, including varioas of October, 19:27. Two years before, when the Vorea was con- fisheries; from the mint; from the sale of the cotton, iviko, quered hy his troops, Mehemet Ali caused all the Christian popu- silk, sugar, rice, saffron, wool, ivory, frankiveense, &r., which be lation to be transplanted to the countries on the vile. He took | monopolised, purchasing them at a very low rate irum his sab. all Franks under his immediate protection, and permitted no ljects, and selling them again at a high price. He was very abuse of the Greeks. In 1820, he sent several young Egyptians partial to Europeans; and under his government, all the Faroto France, to receive a European education. In 1830 the Sultan pean travellers to those sepulchres and monuments of departed conferred on Mehemet Ali the administration of the Island of civilization with which Egypt abounds, found protection and Candia.

support.

From a comprehensive biographical sketch of Mehemet Ali, ll the timely interference of Sir Thomas Reade, whose influence which appeared in the Times, and to which we have been in- was always very great, peace was established between the two debted for some of these details, we extract the following con- nations. Through the exertions of Sir Thomas, several grand cluding paragraphs :

muins have been discovered on the site of the ancient Carthage. “ Until last year, Mehemet Ali enjoyed a very strong consti- He obtained permission from luis Highness, the Ber of Tuuis, tution ; his stature was short, and his features formed an to excavate on the ruins of Carthayr; and Mr. Honnegger, agreeable and animated physiognomy, with a seirching look, a clever Gerinan architect, undertook the superintendence of expressive of cunning, uobleuexs, and amiability. He always the excavations. All the expenses were detrayed by Sir stood very upright; and it was remarkable, from its bring uu- Thomas. The ruins of an extensive building, about which usual among Turks, that he was in the habit of walking up and there are many conjectures, have been laid bare, Nodown in his apartments. He was most simple in his dress, and thing, it is said, can exceed the solidity with which it was cleanly in his person. He received strong impressions easily, I built. When in England, some years ago, Sir Thomas enWas very frank and open, and could not easily conceal his mind. dexoured, we believe, to establish a society for carrying He loved his children with great tenderness, and lived in the out these excavations; but without success. It was mainly interior of his family with great simplicity and freedom froin to the influence possessed by Sir Thomaz Reade, and to lnis restraint. He was very fond of playing at billiards, chees, readiness at all times to promote the cause of humanity, draughts, and cards. In his latter years he became very mercitul which formed such a marked feature in his character, that the and humane, and generally forgave the greatest fuults. Mehemet odious and oppressive system of slavery was partially abolished Ali cherished fame, and thought a great deal not only of the in Tunis. The circunstances under which this desirable event opinions entertained of him during his lifetime, but also of the was brought about are fully detailed in a statement inserted in reputation he would leave at his death. The European papers | Davis's Voice from North Africa,” but originally published in were regularly translated to him, and he was affected by any 1841. According to this statement, a poor slave came to Sir attacks directed against him. His activity was very great.

He Thomas Reade, begging to be protected from the cruelties of his slept little in the night, and invariably rose before sunrise. He master; which Sir Thomas most promptly afforded, and at the received daily the reports of his ministers, dictated answers, and same time thought this to be the very moment when something frequently visited any improvements or changes going on in the might be done for the poor slave-race in the recency of Tunis. public works. He learned to read only at the age of 45. He accordingly, the following morning he went to Bardo, the Bey's principally studied history, and was particularly interested with residence, where a long parley took place between liiin and his the lives of Napoleon and Alexander the Great.

Highness the Bey; in which Sir Thomas so successfully advo. "The only languace he spoke was 'Turkish: he understood cated the abolition of slavery that the Bey at once consented to Arabic, but did not like to speak it. The late Viceroy did not give liberty to all his own slaves, to put a stop to the importaobserve the tenets of the Mahomedan religion with any rigour, tion and exportation of them, and to get all his subjects in liis and never cared about fasting in the month of Ramazan. He reguney to follow his example. It took three years, however, showed the greatest toleration for all religions; and for this, before anything was done in the way of abolishing the system of considering the strong innate bigotry which prevails among slavery in Tunis; but to Sir Thomas Reade belongs the honour Turks, he deserves the greatest praise. He was the first Ma- of having propounded to the Bey the measures subsequently homedan ruler who granted real protection to Christians, raised || culopted for its abolition. Sir Thomas had the best collection them to the highest ranks, and made some of them his post of Arabic manuscripts that ever a Christian formed at Tunis, intimate friends. His freedom from superstition was as remark- || since that country came under Molamnedan government. A able as his toleration in religion, and in many instances he shook || catalogue of this collection has been published. off the yoke of those absurd prejudices to which all those of his faith humbly bow their heads.

DR. JOHN RLID. “His harem conisted of four wives, and about sixty of the most beautiful Georgian and Circassian slaves. llis favourite wife

At St. Andrew's, on the 30th of July, Dr. John Reid, M.D., the mother of Ibrahim Pashia--died last year ; the remaining College of St. Salvator and St. Leonard. He was favourably

Professor of Descriptive Anatomy and diedicine in the United three survive.

known to the Medical Profession by the publication of his “ Mehemet Ali had by his wives and concubines sixteen children. Of these, only five, three sons and two daughters, are now living, lobtained his degree of M.D. at the University of Edinburgh;

Physiological, Anatomical, and Pathological Researches." He viz. :--Said Pasha, Admiral of the Egyptian feet, born in 1818; Halem Bey, born in 1826; Mehemet Ali Bey, born in 1833;

and soon after, he was appointed Practical Pathologist to the Nazleh Hanum, born in 1797, widow of the Defterdar Moham

Royal Infirmary of that city. Whilst ably discharging the

laborious duties of that important oflice, he was also engaged med Bey; Zeinab Hanum, born in 13:24, and married in 1915 to Kamil Pasha.

in some of those interesting physiological researches which IIalem Bey was four years in Paris, where he received a liberal education.

so greatly contributed to his reputation. It was then that "Mehemet Ali's second son, after the late Ibrahim Pasha, was

he made his great “ Experimental Investigations into the Func

tions of the Eight Pair of Nerves, or the Glossopharyngeal, Tousson Pasha, born at Cavalla, who left an only son, Abbas Pasha, born in 1813, at present Viceroy of Egypt. Tousson | Pneumogastric, and Spinal Accessory;" the results of which

were intimated to the British Scientific Association at the meetPasha died of the plague at the camp of Damanhour, in 1816.

Edin. "Mehemet Ali had also at Cavalla, by the same wife, a third

ings of 1847 and 1868, and published in detail in the

burgh Medical and Surgical Journal,” for January, 1848, and son, Ismael Pasha, who died in the war in Sennaar. Another

April, 1849. In 1841 he received the appointment of Chandos son of Jehemet Ali, Houssein Bey, born in 1825, died in 1917

Professor of Anatomy and Medicine in the University of St. : at Paris, where he had been sent for his education. Mehemet

Andrew's, by his discharge of the duties of which he contributed Ali had twelve brothers and two sisters, all of whom are dead.

much to raise the character of the medical degree in that ancient city

of learning. He had been long afflicted with cancer in the tongue. SIR THOMAS READE.

In 18 18 an operation was performed, which enabled his health to Lately, at Tunis, Sir Thomas READE, C.B., British ConsulGeneral there. He was originally in the army, and, in 1810,

rally so greatly that hopes were entertained of his ultimate rewas Assistant-Quarter-Master-General to the forces in Sicily: // and throat, which caused his death at the early age of 4).

covery. But the insidious disease had made progress in his neck In 1813, he received the third class of the Order of St. Ferdinand and Merit, for his services near Messina in the former year. In 1815, he was knighted and made a Military Companion of the

SIR NICHOLAS FITZSIMON. Bath. In 1824, he was placed on half-pay as Captain in the 24th At his seat, Brough-hall Castle, King's County, Ireland, on Foot. He was at one period Deputy-Adjutant-General at St. the 31st of July, Sir Nicholas Fitzsimon, Inspector-General of Helena; and, in 1837, he obtained the rank of Colonel in the Prisons, and formerly member for King's County. He was the army. Soon after his going to Tunis to reside, as Consul-General | eldest son of the late John Fitzsimon, Esq., of Brough-hall for Great Britain, a difference with Sardinia led to hostilities be- || Castle, by the eldest daughter of Count Awly Magawly, of Franktwixt that state and Tunis. As the Sardinians could obtain no ford, King's County, and was born in 1807. lle was a Captain satisfaction, they sent a fleet of fifteen vessels to demand it by || in the Monaghan Regiment of Militia, and Member of Parliaforce. The Bashaw made preparations to oppose them; but, on ment for king's County from January, 1833, till February, 1841,

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He was a magistrate of the head police office in Dublin from

SIR CHARLES SCUDAMORE. 1811 to 1849, when he was appointed Inspector-General of At London, Sir Charles SCUDAMORE, M.D., F.R.S., ia his Prisons, the salary of which office is £1,200 per annum. Ile 70th year. He was the third son of William Sculamorc, E24., of was knighted by Earl Fortescue, in 1811, when that noblemanWve, in the county of Kent, and was born in 1779. His inother's was Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland. Sir Nicholas married, in 1829, nane was Rolfe. He was of the second branch of the Kentinh the second daughter of Sir John Lower, Baronet. He received family, lineally descended from the ancient house of Scudamore, in university honours, and was the author of some pamphlets on Herefordshire. He was educated at Wye College, and studied the the ballot.

medical professiov at Edinburgh, and at Glasgow, s here he gradu.

ated. lle married, in 1812, the second daughter of the late Robert MR. GODSOX, M.P.

Johnson, Esq., and received the honour of knighthood while in At his seat, Springtield Hall, near Lancaster, of disease of the professional attendance on the Duke of Northumberland, ubun licart, on the sth August, Richard Godson, Esq., Queru's (aun- his Grace was Lord-Lientenant of Ireland. Sir Charles Scadesel, and M.P. for Kidderminster. lle was a member of Lincoln's more was the author of " Treatises on Gout and on RheuryaInn, and one of the leading members of the Oxford Circuit, and tism," In Essay on the Blood," “Observations on the 115€ of the known to an extensive circle as a warm-hearted and fuithful Stethoscope," " A Treatise on Mineral Waters," "('ases illustrafriend. He was born in 1797, and clueated at Canbridge. Inting ihe use of Jodine in l'hthisis," and some other medical 1818 he was a wrangler, and took the degree of M... In 1821 publications. he was called to the bar, and shortly aftertards assumeil a dis. tinguished position at the Worcester and Stafford sessions. In

MR. PIERCE EGAN. 1831 he was elected Member for St. Alban's; and in 1532 was

At Pentonville, London, on the 3d August, Mr. Pierce Egan, chosen for Kidderminster, which borougli le represented at the

author of “Life in London," well known as a sporting writer, time of his death, having stood five contested elections. In 15

and the historian of the ring, aged 17. At one period Mr. Ezan he was appointed Queen's Counsel, by Lord Cottenlan; and in

cnjoyed a high degree of popularity in the peculiar branch of 1814 he received the appointment of Counsel to the Almiralty and literature which he selected, and was also celebrated, in his day, Navy. In politics he was conservative. In 1839 he took an active for his genial humour and ready wit. He is represented as part on the Jamnica Assembly question, and in 1911, and 1SH, having been a kind, warm-hearted man, and a delightful and en. ou the Sugar Duties debate. He was the author of a valuable tertaining companion. His “Life in London"--, volnme of treatise on “ Patents and Copyrights,” and in 1822 contributed graphic sketches of metropolitan life thirty years ago, and there in a great degree to the establishment of the “Low Journal,"

are a good many changes since that time-attained to such extraora publication in great request by the profession. He has left

dinary popularity, that it was speedily dramatised, and plaved at widow and three sons. He was making great preparations to

nearly all the theatres in the kingdom, under the well-knon celebrate the coming of age of his eldest son, which takes place title of “ Tom and Jerry.” He was the author of several other this month, when death arrested his carcer.

minor works and sketches, on sporting and temporary subject,

and of a drama callel “ Life in Dublin,” which was performed in THE EARL OF AIRLIE.

the Irish capital with great success. At London, on the 20th August, the Right lionourable David Ogilvy, Earl of Airlie and Lintrathen, late Lord-Lientenant of

MARSHAL MOLITOR. Forfarshire. His lordship was the sixth earl, and the twentyseventh in descent from the first Thane of Angus. Ile was the

At Paris, in the beginning of August, Marshal Molitor, one son of Walter Ogilvy, Esq., by his second wife, the daughter of of Napoleon's Generals. He was buried on the Sth, at the John Ogilvy, of Muckle, and was born in 1785. lle was twice

Hotel des Invalides. His widow died during the funeral. Gedemarried, first, in 1512, to Clementina,only daughter of the late Gavin,

ral l'abrier delivered a speech in the courtyard over the Marsual's

coffin. The words which Madame Molitor prononneed some Drummond, Esq. She died in 1835; and in 1839 he married, secondly, Margaret, only child of the late William Brnce, Fsu., said the Marshal in conversation with his wise, “ It is there,"

months before his death have become prophetic. “ It is there." of Cowden. This lady died in 1945. He had issue by both mar. riages. He succeeded his father in 1829. For their share in pointing to leaven, “ that I shall soon go to wait for you." the rebellion of 1745, the ancestors of Lord Airlie forfeited their Pressing his hand, she replied, saul “I hope you will not wait honours. His lordslıip's father assumed the titles in 1819; and

for me long!” and her wish has been accumplished. the carl, now deceased, got them confirmed, by Act of Parliament, in May, 1836. He was a representative peer of Scotland, and he

W. J. DENISON, ESQ., M.P. Intelyresigned the Lord-Licntenancy of Forfarshire on account of all At London, on A1 August, W. J. Denison, Esq., M.P. for health, and was succeeded by the Right Ilonourable Fox Vaule. West Surrey. He was born in 1770, and had sat for the county At a recent meeting of the lieutenaney of that connty, a vote of of Surrey since 1918. He voted in favour of short parlianens, thanks was passed to his lordship for the manner in which he and of the repeal of the assessed taxes, and the snbstitution of a had, for so many years, discharged the duty of Lord-Lieutenant. I graduated property tax. He was of the firm of Denison & Co., He was formerly a captain in the 420 Ilyhlanders. He is sue

bankers, Lombard Street. He has left a large fortune, the ceeded in his titles and estates by his son, Lord Ogilvy, now Earl greater part of which goes to his relative the Marquis of Conof Airlie.

ingham, whose mother, the dowager marchioness, is the daughter

of the late Joseph Denison, Esq. JAMES KENNEY, THIE DRAMATIST. At Brompton, suddenly, from disease of the heart, on the 1st

THE EX-KING OF SARDINIA. August, Mr. James Kenney, the veteran dramatist. His death At Oporto, on the afternoon of the 28th of July, Charles occurred on the morning fixed for his benefit at Drury Lane Albert, late King of Sardinia. His body was embalmed, and Theatre, which was crowded on the occasion, thus showing the transmitted to Genoa for burial. He was in the fifty-first year high estimation in which he was held. He was the author of a number of light dramatic pieces, all of which were eminently successful. Among others are “Love, Lar, and Physic;"

MADAME LEBRUN. “Raising the Wind ;” “ Matrimony;" " The World;" “Ella At Paris, at the age of 106, leaving six children, of when Rosenberg ;” “The Illustrious Stranger,” &c. His health had the eldest is 78, Malame Lebrun, the friend of Queen Marie been for some time in an infirm and delicate state, and he dicd Antoinette. at an advanced age. He is referred to, among other dramatists of the day, in Byron's “English Bards and Scotch Reviewers."

SIGNOR DE BEGNIS. His lively farce of “ Raising the Wind," with its inimitable Recently, at New York, of cholera, Signor de Beguis, the character of Jeremy Diddler, was his first dramatic production, celebrated vocalist.

of his age.

PRINTED BY GEORGE TROUP, 29, DUNLOP STREET, GLAsgow,

TAIT’S EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

OCTOBER, 1849.

EARLY SCOTTISH HISTORY.

THE LIVES OF THE LINDSAYS.* TAIS work has been known for a considerable time to the more eminent living persons of the house // demand on their resourcos for clothing of any sort.

These Arabs would fairly out-reckon the Lindof Lindsay, and to various antiquaries, and other say, the Lindeseye, or the Limesay-whatever orparties who are interested in genealogies, heraldry, thography his lordship might adopt in the East-by and history. It was printed for private circulation two thousand years or more. They would never stop amongst the clan, and the learnod in clan histories. 1 till they reached Ishmael; and Lord Lindsay could In that form it was not, without consent, an object of carry then on till Adam- from the head of their criticism. It might contain valuable information, clans to the first of the world. Another consideraand yet be no more open to public use, stricture, ortion, and one of more importance in checking tho criticism, than manuscript volumes of private letters | aristocratic feeling arising from pride of birth, is the from a man to his “kith and kin.” The work was great number of people who can be fairly counted the property of the Lindsays, to be used as best it on as participating in the solid advantages which could, like their family honours and mischances, may accrue from this possession. Lord Lindsay for their personal behoof, warning, and edification. writes lives of the Lindsays, and has some satisfacThe author has altered the position of his book by tion in dedicating his work to Sir Coutts and its publication to the world; and the “ Lives of the Margaret Lindsay; but here in the directory is the Lindsays” have become public property, to be used firm of Lindsay and Company, Lindsays and Lindas such.

says, Lindsays Brothers--Peter and James, William Family histories are necessarily wings, or con- and John, George and David, as the case may be--tingents, to national histories. They either give, | drapers and clothiers, wine and spirit merchants, or they should afford, more detailed narratives con- calico printers, button or doll-eye manufacturers, nected with the old state and circumstances of small smiths and engineers---anything you please-but districts than may be found in works of general they are a respectable firm, who hold their account history; but they cannot minutely detail the events far more than square at their bankers’, pay cash, connected with one family, and omit a general re- and care nothing for nobody farther than serres view of circumstances connected with their con- to promote their own interest. Their grandfather temporaries--sometimes their allies, often their was a Lindsay, and a decent hodman. Now, what rivals. The pride of birth, encouraged by such have they to do with Earl David ? Here is works, is of small consequence in the present day. | Peter Lindsay, the railway porter, an active, inNo man is the worse for believing that he is come of telligent man—a credit to the family—who works decent people; and the probability is strong that duly from morn to night for fifteen shillings paid he will be little better of supposing that some of his to him weekly. But, my lord, he may be as directly ancestors wore mail, and rode out to fight on barbed and honourably descended from Earl Beardie, the chargers. All that he can make out of the latter tiger, as yourself—he may be your own cousin, not cireumstance is, the combined prudence and wealth || very many degrees removed; and all the lapse beof these old gentlemen, who did not unnecessarily tween him and you, on the social scale, per the expose their bodies to blows from edge tools. The operation of the entail and primogeniture laws, may Fassal who fought in woollens on their side was,|| have occurred with no demerit on his part, and as jerhaps, the bravest man ; but certainly his cou- little on that of his aucostry, and without any age was more directly tried, for ho had less than merit to you or yours. The porterage of the coun. is leader between him and danger and death. || try is borne, in a large proportion, by the younger The pride of descent is, moreover, greatly checked sons of younger sons, on whom the calamity of y the limited length of the line in this country. coming late into the world has fallen for eight or ord Lindsay is best known in the world by his ex- ten generations; or, as the present Governor-Geellent letters from the East. When collecting || neral of India, when a candidate for the represenheir materials he had for guides many Arabs who tation of Edinburgh, expressed it, for twentyvere proud, and would, necessarily, have been tat- seven generations. The division of aucestral merit red, if their climate had made a great and steady or demerit does not even end here. The practice of

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naming a man after his father being very uniform, || the world, very generally in diverse branches. They is also very convenient. This is one of those cases may have one deep channel in the lineal branch, in which whatever is, is right; still it admits of on which old honours and properties centre ; but some doubt whether a child is not more likely to many noble streams are traced to the parent river, resemble its mother than its father. Even nurses, | that have wandered from it far away ere they meet and the gossips of a neighbourhood, are sometimes the sea ; while, of its waters, more still may have compelled reluctantly to acknowledge that such is sunk into the earth, doing work not less valuable the case.

Taking that view of affairs, how widely | than that which glitters on the surface; and some are the honours of the greatest houses circulated ; | may have disappeared amongst the intervening and how little of them really remains to the person banks of the shore, forming, if their noble cousins who, by virtue of the law, bears at present the re- please, the quicksands of our democracy, who may presentation of the old feudal barons ! In order to be not ineptly described, in the language of the old ascertain anybody's claim on the good or bad deeds | Hungarian constitution, as misera plebs contriof these old Lindsays, a family map would require buens.” to be drawn, over an extent equivalent to the front We may turn to the lives of the Lindsays in of his house, and then examined. The House of particular, for they combine some of the most in. Peers, in recent times, have been compelled to dig teresting passages in Scottish history. Lord Lind. men out of the lowest places in society, to assume the 1 say traces their origin to a Norman knight; and coronet and the estate claimed for them by clever at- there they are lost. The most curious inquiry retorneys. “Then,” say the Lord Lindsays of the pre-garding all our aristocracy, and, of course, respectsent day,"we have the goods, the estate, the fortuneing the people, has yet crept no farther than the of the house.” So you have; and so has John Grubb,|| Baltic ; but they did not originate on the shores of the retired cotton broker, goods, estate, and fortune the North. They were there only pilgrims and equal, or more than equal, to your own. That is strangers, emigrants on the route westward; but but the pride of riches--a mean feeling. And if all these northern nations had a former home in the you plead possession of the hereditary titles and East, and the interval that elapsed from their disapprivileges, we must acknowledge your veracity; but pearance out of Asia to their invasion of central when her Majesty the Queen takes Sir Robert Peel and civilized Europe, from the North, is the period by the hand, and places him amongst the Peers, of which, as respects its character and duration, the which she will do whenever he pleases, his titles greatest ignoranco exists. and privileges will equal your own; and the Lives The researches into the early history of the clan of the Peels will begin, in our fathers' times, with may be passed over without a general espression of that of an honest and worthy man.

belief in their descendant's opinion, that they all A satirical passage in one of Dean Swift's ser- came from France. That part of the book would mons has been recently made familiar to newspaper hardly bear to be disputed, if we were to admit the readers. “Brethren,” said the Dean, “three kinds || statement, which is not proved (page 3, vol. 1), that of pride exist-pride of birth, pride of riches, and the names of Lindsay and Limesay are identical, pride of talents. With the last-named vile wicked- | both of them implying “Isle of Limetrees ;" for ness, none of you are chargeable, and I shall say the Limesays are an old French family, whose denothing on that subject.” The sarcasm would be scendant by the female line preceded the “Lindentirely inapplicable to Lord Lindsay's work, or to say" here in publishing in France a history of the race anything in which he engaged. The talent dis-half-a-century since. The Limesays of France failed, played in his works is unquestionable. Few more says Lord Lindsay, in the middle of the thirteenth agreeable writers exist at the present day. He century; and the expression means that a female goes into all his subjects with an enthusiasm de- || succeeded to their estates, and married some baron serving praise, and worthy of imitation, and covers with a different name, which was, of course, assumed over disquisitions, naturally dry, with a mantle by their descendants. The Limesays, on that acwoven by a bright and sparkling genius.

count, failed not. They, doubtless, may be found in We do not wish to stand amongst those who de- the faubourgs of Paris, amongst the looms of Lyons, spise the research displayed in works of this cha- on the quays of Marseilles, or the farms of the deracter. The histories of families are the rills thatpartments. “The name of a barony,” says Skene, compose the histories of nations--the great rivers in his history of the Highlands, quoted in this work, of narrative that absorb all attention. The storied swas exclusively used by its possessors and detraditions of old houses are a succession of biogra- || scendants; and the possession of a territorial name phies formed from the salient points in the history of barony as surely marks out a descent from soine of men who exercised great influence during their of the ancient barons as if every step of the genelives. Whatever advantage attaches to other bio- | alogy could be proved." This assertion, quite code graphies clings to them, with this difference, that sistent, we have no doubt, with truth, made by a we get at the corn generally without the chaff

. | most distinguished antiquarian, humbles all old They are full of data from which to judge the aristocratic ideas of "blood and pedigree" to the characteristics of society in bygone years ; and, if || Highland level: for they must be shared by many they sometimes lay bare deeds of unpalliated || amongst us in the humblest positions at the present wickedness, yet are these dark shades brightened day, and the descendants of the Norman barons by many noble gleams of truth and kindness; better earn bread at the lowliest avocations. than valour; nobler than cold, dry, stern wisdom. Our author believes that the English “Lynds

These old houses run out like the great rivers of says " shared the fate of the French Limesays

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