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ticularly of Sir Gerard de Lindsay to Newbattlo, granting ; David, Lord of Crawford-touk, as we shall see, an acting to the monks, for himself and his heirs, a charter of free part in the affairs of their time. The two elder, Sir James barony over all the lands thus bestowed upon them, with and Sir Alexander, were especially active during the period all its privileges, and without any “retinementum,' or claim immediately subsequent to 1350-Sir James, after his in requital, save the suffrages of their prayers."

father's death, in negotiating his Sovereign's release, and

Sir Alexander in seeking honour in the foreign wars; he ob. All the saints were deeply indebted to this Sirtained a safe-conduct to pass through England to the ContinDavid Lindsay. St. Thomas the Martyr, St. Lawrence ent in 1368, with a train of sixty horse and foot, probably of the Byres, and another at Lindores, had money to take part in the struggle between France and England left them for wax candles, that were to burn per- for Aquitaine; and for some years we lose sight of him. He petually. The fortunes of the family were re- reappears shortly before the death of King David; and his markable :

seal, with that of his nephew Sir James, the son of his

elder brother, long before deceased, is still attached to the “Sir David left three surviving sons whose alliances and famous instrument or declaration of the magnates of Scotpossessions I must bere briefly enumerate, as it will render | land, immediately after the coronation of King Robert II., my narrative more distinct and clear hereafter. They had

in 1371, by which they bound themselves to recognise bis an elder brother, David, a very gallant youth, who had been

eldest son, the Earl of Carrick, as King of Scotland, killed several years before his father, unmarried, and aged after his death-- recognition by which the succession only 21, at the disastrous battle of Neville's C108s, near

to the throne was virtually secured for ever to the House Durham, where David II. was taken prisoner. He fought of Stuart. Sir William, the youngest of three sons, was under the king's banner, and fell with the tiower of the

also distinguished both in policy and war. We shall hear chivalry of Scotland in a vain struggle for his preservation

more of him hereafter. Sir David left a daughter, also, the The eldest surviving brother, Sir James, married that same

wife of the chief of the House of Dalhousie, and mother of year bis cousin, Egidia Stuart, sister of Robert II., and

Sir Alexander Ramsay, a most distinguished warrior. And daughter of the High Steward, by the Princess Marjory, I ought to have mentioned previously, that he had had a daughter of King Robert Bruce--a marriage for which, on

sister, Beatrice de Lindsay, wife of Sir Archibald Douglas, account of their near relationship, a dispensation was obtained || brother of the “Good Lord James,” and mother of Wil. from Rome, at the request of King Philip of France. She bore

liam, the first Earl of Douglas-an alliance which became him an only son, Sir Jas. Lindsay, afterwards Lord of Craw. the ground, I presume, of the close fraternity that long ex, ford, and a daughter, Isabella, wife of Sir Jonn Maxwell, of isted between the Houses of Crawford and Douglas." Pollock. The third of Sir David's sons, Sir Alexander, mar ried Catherine, daughter of Sir John de Striviling, or Stirling The particulars are interesting, as the starting and heiress of Glenesk and Edzell, in Angus, and of other points in the history of families that long combined lands in Inverness-shire-by whom he had issue, Sir David,to exercise great political influence; but, looking of Glenesk, the first Earl of Crawford, and Sir Alexander. || back at this period of the world, they afford He married, secondly, Marjory Stuart, niece of Robert II., || different materials of reflection. The branch of the who bore him two sons, Sir William of Rossie, ancestor of family that settled in Fifeshire was to be represented the Lindsays of Dowhill, still numerous in Scotland, and Sir Walter , besides a daughter, Euphemin. And, lastly, knight, whose sarcasms in verse did not less, per

in course of a century and a half by the minstrel Sir David's youngest son, Sir William, whose appanage || haps, to commend the overthrow of Saints' shrines and was the Byres in Haddingtonshire, acquired the barony of Abercorn, and other extensive estates, with his wife Chris.

wax tapers to the common people of Scotland, than the tiana, daughter of Sir William Mure, of Abercom; and ir- || preaching of John Knox. The Lindsay of the Byres herited, moreover, by disposition from his elder brother was to be followed in two centuries by a descendant, Sir Alexander, the oflices of hereditary baillie and seneschai Lord Lindsay, of the Byres, the rough and stern of the regality of the Archbishopric of St. Andrew's, offices noble who, in his zeal for the Reformation, comretained for many centuries by bis posterity, even subse- | pelled Mary to resign her crown. Before other quently to the Reformation, down, in fact, to the middle of two centuries passed, the possessions of the Lindsays the last century; and wbich gave them great power in Fife- were forfeited, or had passed away to other houses, shire, and wherever the Archbishops possessed property and partly from the maintenance, by their descendants, influence."

of the Stewarts' cause. These changes offer the The estate of Pollock has remained since that date tory, and Lord Lindsay's work reads very like a

means of making a romance out of a family hisin the hands of the Maxwells, while nearly all the book of that alluring character; and yet the fate of the other baronics mentioned have changed repeatedly Lindsays was that of many Scottish families-nearly the families of their possessors:

of all whose ancestors ranked amongst the Barons of “ Each of these three surviving brothers—the sons of Sir the Ragman Roll.


We left Samuel Pepys rejoicing in the accumulation gjit either black or white, that he was unable to apof worldly wealth, in the beginning of the year 1667. proach. However, the sight of Nell Gwynne, standWe now again mect him, on the first day of April,|| ing at the door of her lodgings in Drury Lane, made walking with Sir William Coventry in a garden at up, in some measure, for the disappointment. Whitehall, and discussing the position of the country, This portion of the Diary is a curious mixture of Great men then managed public affairs with a view to || private and public facts, so that by following it for a few private aggrandisement; and, throughout all the records | pages, it will not be difficult to afford au idea of the which our diarist has bequeathed to us of transactions discursive character of the whole. Pepys seems to in which himself and his colleagues, and the members have recorded his ideas, each as it floated to the surof other departments of the Government were engaged,|| face of his imagination; never troubling himself to clasthis fact is visible. To secure themselves, to fill their sify facts, to divide his domestic affairs from the chroniown purses, and exalt their own honours, they were cle of his public duties, but rolling the whole into a many of them willing, on occasion, to overthrow all hear, without order or arrangement. others, to impoverish the Exchequer, to take bribes, He now expresses his admiration of a handsome and bring disgrace on the national name. Pepys still chimney-piece in the Duke of York's chamber ; then continues his quaint manner of mixing up affairs of mentions that he was ashamed to be seen in company public importance with insignificant trifles, then of con- with Mr. Pechell, because his nose was so red; desequence only to himself, but interesting to posterity scribes the projects for raising London from its ashes; as illustrating the social economy of those times. notes down information connected with the Dutch

London still lay in ruins—the skeleton of a city, invasion; tells us how he chased Lady Newcastle's depopulated by pestilence, and half-destroyed by fire.carriage, but failed to overtake it; and how, finding When we, in a former number, took leave of the clerk that his wife, being dressed with fair hair, so enraged of the acts, it was remarked that, even then, smoke him, that he would not all day speak one word to her. sometimes issued from vaults in the city. We now find Riding home in the evening, however, he explains his the process of rebuilding slowly commenced, and car- anger, “swearing several times—which God forgive me ried on with sluggishness and apathy; while the war —and bending my fists, that I would not endure it. with the Dutch was chiefly occupying men's minds, She, poor wretch! was surprised with it, and made me and drawing their attention away from their ancient no answer all the way home.” The next morning, while and desolated city.

he was at his accounts, his wife came down to him in Pepys, however, busied himself during this period her nightgown, and promised that, if he would supply with much pleasure, play-going, and feasting. We find her with money for mourning apparel, she would wear him, one day, kicking Luce, his cookmaid, for leaving|white locks no more. He, like a severe fool, as he conthe door open; the next, taking his wife and his two fesses, would not hear of these terms; whereupon Mrs. servants to a bowling-green, where the young girls ran Pepys--who, like a skilful general, had kept her main a race; and constantly attending the theatre, until force in reserve-fell back upon reproaches, tears, and rumour reaches his ears that his conduct is noticed, upbraiding, telling her husband of his intimacy with when he makes a resolution to go no more to the play Mrs. Knipp, and declaring that, if he would agree never until Whitsunday. He seemed, as his years increased, to see this woman again, she would satisfy him in all to become more gay, fonder of lively company, neglect- respects with regard to her hair. This he consented to ful of his wife, and attentive to actresses, on whom he do, making an inward reserve, however, as a hole for lavishes money, which, expended at home, would have conscience to creep out at. A truce was by this appeared to him lavish and wanton extravagance. The means established, and peace restored. idea of keeping a carriage now entered his mind, and Very little repose of mind, however, was really en. is anxiously considered, since he says “I am almost joyed by our diarist, whose affairs of office continually ashamed to be seen in a hackney." Revolving this pressed upon his imagination; whilst the invention of thought, he went to church, chiefly, as he confesses, new schemes for keeping himself afloat when so many to enjoy the sight of the pretty girls of the schools, and were sinking around him, constantly kept his thoughts to hear the organ play. Always fond of show, and on the strain. Still his love of the theatre intruded taking pleasure in the spectacle of anything eccentric,|| itself very frequently upon his attention to business ; he was particularly delighted at seeing "Lady New- and his fondness for pleasure of all kinds, his vanity, castle going with her coach, all in velvet, whom I his desire to sare, and at the same time to display, never saw before, as I have heard her often described; maintained a curious contest between his ideas. The for all the town talk is, now-a-days, of her extravagan-|| wish to accumulate money, and the craving to enjoy the cies—with her velvet cap, her hair about her ears, many advantages which wealth can give, possessed him at black patches, because of pimples about her mouth, once; and he sought to attain both objects by pinching and a black fustian cape. She seemed to me a very his expenditure, and that of his wife, in mere comely woman; but I hope to see more of her on matters of comfort; whilst he was lavish when his May-Day."

own peculiar tastes could be gratified, even though at He was in this, however, disappointed; for on May.!! the cost of money. One of his greatest gratifications Day the park was so thronged with carriages pressing was, as we have remarked, the sight of pretty women; after that of Lady Newcastle, adorned with silver in- || and he frankly tells, in his journal, that it was for this stead of gold, with white curtains, and everything about object he went to church :

3 B*


“May 26. After dinner, I, by water, alone, to Westminster, || great bulwark against invasion, was wanting. Decision, to the parish church, and there did entertain myself with my too, the next most powerful moral force, there was perspective glass up and down the church, by which I had the great pleasure of seeing and gazing at a great many fine women;

none. All was disputing, vacillation, and timidity. Fireand what with that and sleeping, I passed away the time till the ships were prepared, vessels of war equipped, means of sermon was done."

desence devised; but there was no great master The next day, we find him in a house at Bear Gar. hand to review the resources of the country, to ar. den Stairs, enjoying the civilizing spectacle of a prize- range and consolidate them, and to bring them to fight between a butcher and a waterman. The upper bear at the point where danger threatened most. part was so full that he could not enter, and so was con- Justice must be done to the eccentric and selfish, strained to go through an alehouse into the pit, where, but able author of these diaries. His talent was most perched upon a stool, he witnessed the combat. The serviceable to his country, his energy was great, his butcher had every advantage and promise of success, inventive resources were numerous, and his exertions until the waterman, by accident, dropped his sword, in the performance of those duties to which he was when, pretending not to notice this circumstance, the bound were important and incessant. He was the former cut his opponent across the wrist, and disabled soul of the department in which he was placed, and him from continuing the contest.

the country owed him much both for his talent and his “But Lord !” says Pepys, “to see how in a minute official industry.

the foul play, and the butchers to defend their fellow!" would be thrown in the way of the Dutch fleet, in its

They all fell to, in good earnest, dealing blows right advance up the river, by a huge chain stretched from and left, knocking over some, and cutting down others, i shore to shore, and defended by batteries on the Lonto the great terror of the diarist, who, though infinitely idon side. Pepys relates, in his journal for the 12th enjoying the sight, feared lest, in the tumult, he might of June, how much joy was diffused by the intelligence receive some hurt. At last, exhausted, the combatants that this defence was sure, “ that all is safe as to the ceased, and the battle ended.

great ships against any assault, the bomb and chain This is a curious illustration of the manners of the being so fortified.” But on the same day information period. English civilization in the seventeenth cen- of a different hue spread fear through the town, and tury, and that in the nineteenth, differed somewhat blanched many a citizen cheek. Plague had scattered widely. This we might learn, if from no other source, death and desolation through London ; a great fire had from the present record of Pepys' private life; the laid half the mourning city in ruins ; and there was now leaves in which he has embalmed himself, his secret the prospect of slaughter and destruction from an inthoughts, his vices, his pettiness, and also his own vading arny. Excitement rose to its highest pitel--ability, for posterity. A constant source of annoyance " All our hearts do now ache, for the news is true that to him appears to have been his wife's manner of at-the Dutch have broke the chain, and burned our great tiring herself. Having procured the mourning to ships." which reference has been made, she came down to liim Alarmed for the safety of the city, and fearing one day, when a party of pleasure was in antici. I grievously for his own stores of gold, Pepys revolved pation, dressed in a black moyre waistcoat and short in his mind many schemes to save it. He sent aray petticoat, laced with silver lace “so basely that I his wife with a large portion of it, he fowarded his could not endure to see her,” and with laced lining, plate to different places to be secreted, and carrial which made him “ horrid angry," so that he resolved three hundred pounds on his own person. Nothing, to stay from the agreeable meeting he had proposed however, that he can devise fills his mind with the joining. This, as he says, vexed him to the blood; sense of socurity. Trepidation takes possession of his but though his wife sent to him two or three times reheart ; and we see liim—whilst working with all the viquesting to be directed how to dress, promising to gour of his energetic mind to fulfil the duties of his ofice wear anything but her cloth gown, he would not be — whilst describing all the interior machinery employed appeased, and, mad with anger, retired to his room to to raise money and men, and gather slips to check settlc his accounts.

the invasion--whilst dwelling on the terror spread in He now, after calculating his expenditure in hackney London, as courier after courier brought fresh and coaches, and the profit and honour to be derived from more alarming ners--trembling for his money-bags, keeping a carriage, resolved to do it. This idea sticks for his silver fiagons and golden pieces, with more of like a thorn in his mind, since the prudence of the step solicitude in his mind for them, than for the welfare often appears questionable, especially as his position or rain of the empire. The spreading sails of the vast was insecure. The Dutch and French flects were at sea; Dutch arınament slowly advanced up the river. the prospect of invasion was imminent; and none knew Still Pepys does not relinquish pleasure, but takes what might occur. The Admiralty, instead of being a advantage of Sunday to enjoy it. Straving away from united friendly body of able, vigorous, and public church, he, on the 14th of July makes up a pic-nic spirited men, was a nest of intrigue, split into petty i party. Rising at four in the morning, he was vexei factions, and composed of some talented, many timid, with his wife, whose dressing occupied the time till and not a few individuals of equivocal honesty. There-five. "She ready, and taking some bottles of wine and fore thinks Pepys that the plan of keeping a carriage beer, and some cold fowls with us into the coach, wc was prematurely resolved on.

took coach and four horses, which I had provided last Day after day, fresh news arrived from the coasts right, and so away. A very fine day; and so towards with new intelligence of the Dutch movements. Their Epsom, talking all the way pleasantly, and particolarly fleet was now off the Nore; London trembled; and of the pride and ignorance of Mrs. Lowther in having preparation for resistance was rife. Still, unity, the l her train carried up."

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They reach Epsom, and, after spending a great part || find him acting in the manner which he ingenuously of the day there agrecably, walk out upon the Downs: describes in the following paragraph. Seldom, Low

“There a flock of sheep was the most pleasant and innocent ever, does he meet with opposition as determined as sight that ever I saw in my life. We found a shepherd, and his that of the damsel who displayed, pins to frighten little boy reading, far from any houses or sight of people, the

him :Bible to him ; so I made the boy rend to me, which he did with the forced tone that children do usually read. That was nighty "I walked towards Whitehall, but, being wearied, turned into pretty. And then I did give him something, and went to his | St. Dunstan's Church, where I heard an able sermon by the father

, and talked with him. We took notice of his woollen-knit minister of the place, and stood by a pretty, modest maid, whom stockings, of two colours mixed, and of his shoes shod with iron I did labour to take by the hand; but she would not, but got hoth at the toes and heels, and with great nails in the soles of further and further from me; and, at last, I conld perceive her liis feet, which was mighty pretty ; and, taking notice of them, to take pins out of her pockct to prick me if I should touch her

Why,' says the poor man the Downes, you see, are full of again, which seeing, I did forbear, and was glad I did spy her stones, and we are fain to shoe ourselves thus; and these, said design : and then I fell to gaze upon another pretty maiden, he, will make the stones fly till they ring before me.' I did give in a pew close to me, and she at me; and I did go about to take the poor man something, for which he was mighty thankful, and her by the hand, which she suffered a little, and then withdrew. I tried to cast stones with his horn crook. He values his dog So the sermon ended, and my amours ended also.” mightily, that would turn a sheep any way which he would have him, when he folds them; told me there was about eighteen score

To describe Pepys as an arrant profligate, is to do sheep in his flock; and that he hath four shillings a-week, the him no injustice. The society of the most abandoned year round, for keeping of them.”

persons was pleasure to him; actresses and other quesFrom his position as Secretary to the Admiralty, I tionable women enjoyed the liberality which he bePepys was enabled to dive into the depths of that policy | grudged his wifc; and in everything, indeed, he appears which influenced the movements of Government. He a pitiful and sordid votary of vice. We constantly saw how all the outward aspect of affairs was a mere meet him in a place of public resort, feasting and dramatic show; how the grand displays of pomp and rioting in company with Knipp, the actress, and other power were mere painted scenes designed to secure low characters; and as frequently find him recording the applanse of credulous spectators. He knew how such testimonies to his own meanness as " My wife the resources of the State were uselessly drained away, || nightly praying for a new pair of cuffs, which I am and how little there really was to prevent the Dutch from against the laying out of money upon yet; which makes carrying through their expedition to its catastrophe.her angry.” That in the end, had they even landed just below Lon- Peace being at length concluded between Great don Bridge, and spread fire and slaughter throngh the Britain and the States of the United Provinces, and metropolis, they would have been annihilated or com- also of the King of France and Denmark, the joy-bells pelled to retreat, there can exist no doubt; but had were rung on the 24th of August, 1067; but no they known the real position of affairs, it is easy to bonfires were kindled, which Pepys accounts for partly believe that they would have been infinitely more daring | by the dearness of fuel, " but principally from the little in their attempts. Pepys describes all this with minute content most people have in the peace.” It served, ness and frank fidelity; and his testimony may be ac- || howerer, the end in which he most delighted; it gave cepted the more readily from the fact that the confi- him leisure to pursue his inclinations, and security for dential disclosures made to him, which have now seen the his money. With regard to the purity of his plealight, were written by him in cypher, and were never in-sures, it must be owned he had a royal example for tended to be revealed. The confidant of men high in an- vices from the indulgence of which even his not sensithority, he was also the confidant of his friends and relative mind would have revolted. This diary lays bare, tiyes, who deposited their secrets with him, with solicita- | in connection with the Court, scenes of the most hideous tions for advice-thinking, as very many people do in the infamy; displaying the utter corruption and demoralipresent day, that wealth and station confer wisdom. zation which was the normal condition of society under His cousin Roger, for example, acquainted him, in the reign of Charles II. This was the king at whose striet privacy, that he had made an offer of marriage restoration joy-bells pealed, and bonfires glared, throughto Miss Elizabeth Wiles, a friend of Pepys', "an ugly out London ! A category of his vices, a list of his old maid, but good housewife, and is said to have profligacies, would be too revolting to attempt ; and yet £2,500 to her portion.” “If,” said his cousin, “ you can it is for preserving bim that the royal oak has been discover that she really has so much even as £200, 1 revered and counted of blessed memory through all will love her, as I have known her long and intimately succeeding generations. We recommend to the perusal to be a good housewife and a discreet woman.” of all those who find cause for congratulation in the

Pepys, however, entertained a serious aversion to this result of that most abominable act of treachery, which match, because, as he tells us, she was so ugly, " and it will be branded through all time as the blackest act of hath been the very bad fortune of all the Pepyses that baseness ever committed by a slave, this Diary of ever I knew, never to marry a handsome woman, except. | Samuel Pepys. Here he will find the King's closet ing Ned Pepys;" an observation to which Lord Bray- unlocked; here he will see the secret chambers of the brooke appends a witty query, by way of annotation. I palace opened to his gaze, with all the profligate "The author's own wife could not be included amongst syrens that peopled them, and all the infamies and the plain women whom the Pepyses married ? It is other-vices with which they were stained. The old ladies wise well for his domestic peace that he wrote in who still sigh over the fate of the royal martyr are, in. cypher.” That is a question for the consideration of deed, indebted largely to the diarist for adding fresh women, which we shall not meddle with,

jewels of reputation to the crown of his amiable son. As we accompany Pepys through his peregrinations But the vices of royalty, like the vices of common to his office, in the country, to the play, in the park, people, are expensive; and Charles expended so much on to church, and to places of pleasure, we constantly the gratification of his debasing pleasures that he was compelled, with his ample revenue, to stint himself in On the 13th of October, he had an interview with shirts. Connected with this, a little scene is described the Duke of York, who flattered him highly by the by Pepys, as taking place at Sir George Corbet's house, information that King Charles was pleased to be satiswhere he dined in company with Mr. Ashburnham : fied with his services; words which conveyed "mighty

“ After dinner comes in Mr. Townsend ; and there I was witness joy” into the heart of Pepys, to whom not even the of a horrid rating which Mr. Ashburnham, as one of the grooms present of a silver flagon, or five pieces of gold, was of the King's belchamber, did give him for want of linen for the so sweet as a honeyed word from royal lips. Business King's person, which he swore was not to be endured, and that and pleasure now divided his attention somewhat the King would not endure it; and that the King his father equally. The office by day, and the theatre by night, $o; the King having, at this day, no handkerchiefs, and but three were his resorts. Good eating, the society of gay mobands to his neck, he swore." Mr. Townsend pleaded want of men, prize-fights and dramas, with the intimation money, and the owing of the linen-draper £5,000; and that he of his favour at Court, formed his enjoyments. His hath of late got many rich things made-beds, and sheets, and wife rushed readily into all these sources of delight, saddles, without money, and that he can get no further ; but except where pretty women were concerned. And still this old man, indeed, like a loving servant, did cry out for here she had just ground for complaint. If ever woman the King's person to be so neglected. But when he was gone, Townsend told me that it is the grooms' taking away the King's had reason for jealousy, Mrs. Pepys had ; and it was a linen at the quarter's end, as their fee, which makes this great pity her solicitude was expended upon an object so want; for whether the King can get it or no, they will run away unworthy of it as the Secretary to the Admiralty, who at the quarter's end with what he hath had — let the King get did not hesitate to display his fondness for other women, more as he can."

even in his wife's presence. To linger wherever Pepys pauses to describe things He was always anxious that his servant-maids equally curious, would be to progress but slowly through should be pretty, that the pleasure of kissing them the diary, which is full to repletion of such incidents. might be greater. He took them, with his wife, to But we must hasten on a little, until we find the Secre- the theatre, and elicited her anger by his affectionate tary to the Admiralty at a house in Brampton, where his behaviour towards them. Mrs. Pepss, good woman! father was, and where, which was infinitely dearer to was also extremely loyal, and held the same respect him, some of his much-loved treasure was buried in towards royalty as a mouse towards a cat. She was the garden. The company staying somewhat late, it irritated with her husband because on the 19th Octowas not till after dark that he, with his father and his ber, on the occasion of “The Black Prince” being wise, could go into the garden to dig up the gold. performed for the first time, be ventured to laugh in The exact spot had been forgotten, which excited his the presence of the King. wrath ; but, after much searching, it was discovered. But a serious cause of disquietude now arose. Turning up the ground with spades, they commenced Parliament commenced an inquiry into the business collecting the money; " but, good God! says Pepys, transactions of the Admiralty. It is marvellous to see how sillily they had hid it, not half-a-foot how official personages tremble and turn pale at under ground, and in the sight of the world.” If the bare hint of inquiry. Pepys, though confident he was angry at this, he was enraged when he that he was the best in his department, still allows found that, while throwing up the earth, he also us to perceive, through this secret record of his threw up gold pieces; for the place being damp, feelings, that he does not look forward without the bags had rotted away, and there the glittering trea-|| anxiety to the time when all his transactions shall sure was mixed with mud and rubbish. Collecting be laid bare to the eye of the Parliament. He, - dirt and money together, and carrying them into aindeed, is comforted by hearing that the Duchess private room, he then, with one assistant, with pails of of Albemarle thinks he will come off honourably, water and brushes, separated the coins from the and solaces himself on it. “And so, I thank God, monld, and counting them, found there were a hun- I hear everybody speaks of me ; and, indeed, I dred pieces short, which, as he says, made him mad. think in that vanity I may expect to be profited Sleepless, and agitated with a miser's fear, he remained rather than injured by this inquiry, which the Parshut up in the room until midnight, when, taking liament makes its business." William Hewer, & confidential friend, with him, he This, however, does not stifle his fears. He is again sallied forth into the garden, and, by candle-constantly preparing a species of defence, endealight, contrived to pick up forty-five pieces. Carrying vouring to arrange his documents, consulting with them in to wash, he laboured till the clock struck two, his colleagues, who put their heads together in and then retiring to a trundle bed, lay counting the order to agree in their account of the transactious. hours until morning. “And then W. Hewer and I, Finally he succeeded, partly, perhaps, because with pails and a sieve, did lock ourselves into the gar- | the Parliament men set on inquiry were more solicitons den, and there gathered all the earth about the place for the overthrow of the Lord Chancellor (then so obinto pails, and then sist those pails in one of the sum- noxious) than for the honest clearing up of the official mer-houses, just as they do for diamonds in other parts mist; and partly, no doubt, because the business of this of the world; and there we, with great content, did department was, through the straightforward honesty make the last night's forty-five up seventy-nine.” This of Pepys, conducted in a manner less equivocal than in somewhat satisfied the gold-loving Pepys, who consoled most others. Indeed, we may fairly say, that, much himself with the idea that his loss was trifling, and as he served himself, and sought his own aggrandisenot occasioned through any negligence of his own. I ment, he still served the Government, and sought to The next morning, he went home, carrying his treasure | promote the interests of the country connected with : in bags, and was infinitely rejoiced when it again lay the branch of the Administration in which he held se snugly in his own house,

important a position.

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