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British Empire Fire Assurance Company.-- The annual meeting the total formation expenses, of every kind, including 195 agents was recently held at the office, No. 37, Bridge Street, Blackfriars, outfits, cost of deed of settlement, &c., &c., have only anúudied London. The report stated that-

to £617 3s. 10d., though it will be found that the ordinary • Up to midsunimer 1849, they had executed 1,557 Assur-formatory expense of opening a Fire-office exceeds five times that ances, for £159,050, upon which the premiums amounted to £988 14s. 8d.

The report was unanimously approved of, and the Directors " In addition to this, 168 proposals for £60,894 had also been re-elected. received, which then remained to be disposed of.

In the department of BANKING, we have nothing nes of ma“ A large and influential agency, consisting of no less than terial interest to record. It is stated, that the Royal British Baue 195 agents, had been established throughout the country, at an commences operations next month. exceedingly moderate outlay.

All Joint-stock Property, apart from Railways, keeps well up, "By the balance-sheet, the members will be glad to learn that Mineral stock is improving.

OBITUARY NOTICES FOR OCTOBER.

ADMIRAL SIR EDWARD OWEN, G.C.B. 1 while he held the office of provost of Oriel that Dr. Coplest z At his seat, near Windlesham, near Bagshot, Surrey, on the Sth published his work upon Predestination, consisting almost whaty October, Sir Edward William Campbell Rich Owen, Admiral of || os discourses delivered from the pulpit of Si. Mary's. This the White, at the age of 79. lle was the son of Captain Wil. I work was followed by two letters to Mr. (now Sr Boden) liams Owen, R. V., who belonged to an old Montgomeryshire Peel, on the currency question, whicii, though much reand und family. Admiral Owen was born in 1771, and became a lieu. || canvassed at the time, are now forgatten. In 15:26, the auth tenant in the navy in 1793. He attained the rank of Admiral centenary of Oriel College was celebrated, on which ocravina of the White in 1819. In the last war he was employed to Dr. Copleston preached a sermon at St. Mary's, which was pube watch the movements on the French coast, and commanded a lished. He was shortly afterwards presented to the dealery of detachment in the Walcheren expedition. It 15:22 he suc

Chester. While at Oxford, he ranked as a logician with i'r. ceeded to the chief command, as Commodore, in the West || \Vhately, now Archbishop of Duilin; Dr. Hinds, Bishop ! Indies. From 1920, to March, 1929, he sat in the House of Elect of Norwich; and the late Dr. Arnold, of Rugby Salwl. In Commons as member for Sandwich, and, in 1927, was Surveyor- 1827, he became Bishop of Llandaf and Dean of St. Paul's, General of the Ordnance. In 1923, he was a member of the London. llis consecration as Bishop took place on January la Council of the Duke of Clarence, when his Royal Highness was 1528. in 1839 he published a dissertation, which excited Lord High Admiral. In the same year he was appointed Com- || attention, entitled “ \iho are entitled to preach the Gore!! mander-in-chief in the East Indies. In IS:t and 1535 he was The deceased took no very prouinent part in polities, and se clerk of the Ordnance; and, from October 1811 to December | dom addressed the Honse of Lurds. lc died unmarried. The 18-11, Commander-un-clief the Mediterranean. In 1915, a sce of Llandaff is valued at only L.1,000 a-şear, and the Bush short time after his return to England, he was made a Military | therefore, held with it, in con.mendum, the Deanery of St. Pauis Knight Grand Cross of the Bath. In 18:29 he married the Cathedral. But by a receat arrangement, the stipend vi la daughter of the late Capt. J. B. Ilay, R..X.

new Bishop is to be raised to L. 1,500 per annga, kad taip

| deanery of St. Paul's will not in future be held by any sus creado TIIE BISHOP OF LLANDAFF.

ing Bishop of Llandafi. At Hardwicke House, near Chepstow, his episcopal residence in South Wales, on the 14th October, the Right Rev. EDWARD

SIR THOMAS LETIIBRIDGE, BART. COPLESTON, D.D., Bishop of Llandaff, and Dean of St. Paul's, in his 74th year. The deceased prelate was descended from the BRIDGE, Bart., long a prominent Member of the House of Coa

At Bath, on the 16th ult., Sir THOMAS Buckler LITECoplestons of Copleston, and I'arleigh, Devonshire; a family

The family to which he belonged claims desceul trat that can be traced back to the time of the Norman conquest. He was the son of the Rev. John Bradford Copleston, Prebendary

an eminent legal functionary of the reign of Queen Elizabet1

He was the son of the first baronet by the eldet daugiau of Exeter; and was born at Oliwell, in Devonshire, on the 2d of February, 1776. lle received his early education at home, and

William Buckler, Esq. of Boreham, Wiltshire, and was burs ::

1773; succeeded his father in 1915. He was cok pel of ir before he was thirteen years of age, he was, in 1750, elected a Scholar of Christ Church College, Oxford. In the third year of which county he represented in Parliament from June 198) ta

2d Somerset Militia, ani a deputy-lieutenant of Somerset, his residence, hie obtained the only annual prize for Latin verse for which undergraduates of that period couldwintend. At Easter, 1795, 2322, and from 125 to 1:30. Sir Thours held large estudios

Somerset hire and Devonshire. he was elected Fellow of Oriel. Ile had not been a candidate; in 1790, to the daughter of Sir Thomas Dalrymple ?!.

lle was twice married in and it was not until after the examination of those who competed Bart., and secondiy, in 1903, to the daughter of Ambrose Guide for that distinction, that the electors invited him to coine to card, Esq. of Swindon, Wiltshire. Tie is succeeded by his s., Oriel and be chosen a fellow. In 1796, the annual prize for a

mons.

i by his first marriage, now Sir John Ilesketh Lethlridge, But Latin essay, the subject Agriculture, was awarded to Nr. Copleston; and in 1797, though not yet entitled to proceed to his degree of M.A., he was appointed college tutor, the duties of which

MR. G. E. ANSO.X. oflice, till the year 1810, he discharged in a manner that acquired At Veedwood, Staffordshire, on the 5th October, of apophang, for him the gratitude of his pupils, and the approbation of the George Edward Anson, Esq., private secretary to Irina A AT, whole university. In 1802 he was appointed Professor of Poetry, and treasurer and privy purse to the Queen. He had prevalu and his lectures were numerously attended. The substance of been private secretary to Lord Melbourne, when that notice those lectures he subsequently published under the title “ Præ- was premier, and by him was recommended to the pote d lectiones Academicæ.” In 1807, he filled the office of proctor l'rince. He was the sccond son of the Hon, and Perla, to the universi On the death of Dr. Eveleigh, provost of Frederick Anson, Dean of Chester, and Prebendary ui suis se. Oriel, in 1814, Mr. Copleston was, by an unanimous vote, declared and was born 14th May, 1812. He married in October, is, his successor; and early in the next term the degree of Doctor the eldest daughter of Lord Shefield. He was an actual in Divinity was conferred upon him by diploma, under special || scholar, and his urbanity of manners was conjoined with a com vote of convocation, for his services in the university. It was rect taste and cultivated understanding.

PRINTED BY GEORGE TROUP, 29, DUNLOP STREET, GLASGOW.

TAIT'S EDINBURGH MAGAZINE

DECEMBER, 1849.

THE POSITION OF THE COLONIES.

It is a

NOVEMBER has nearly passed without brightening || those kindred nations who inhabit the Baltic the prospects of our Colonial empire in any corner coasts, and those who won a kingdom from the of its wide horizon. Previous complications have sea opposite to our own eastern shores. They have become more tangled than on the anniversary of also sent out to western lands one band of emithe Anglo-Saxon empire, dating, as we are dis- ll grants after another, in an unceasing stream, for two posed to do, from the birth of Alfred. Without centuries. The British people have, undoubtedly, pleading guilty to any superstitious feeling, we do not taken the greatest part of this work. The emideny the coincidences that may be sometimes traced grants went forth more advanced in science and in history, between time and fate. The denial would civilization than their ancestors when they came imply discredence of the faith in the intervention of a from the East. They carried out with them the Supreme Intelligence with the business of the earth. || knowledge of Christianity ; therefore, they have We know that an abstract Deity is acknowledged made rapid progress, and they may be destined to by a great number of intelligent men; but is not progress more rapidly hereafter than they have worshipped, because a being of that character, with || done before. They may rise on our fall. closed eyes and folded arms, deserves no adoration, course in keeping with the teachings of history and and can neither inspire fear nor love. We cannot of nature; and yet one against which we are called believe in a Deity wearied and fatigued, indolent upon to rebel, and are in duty while resisting. We and slothful, or even careless and negligent of the have no right to commit imperial suicide, even if works he has created and the effects that they may we believe that our hour is come. The edifice produce. Therefore we are constrained to admit erected by the incessant labour and the painful that times and seasons of individual and national sacrifices of our fathers, should not be wilfully greatness and prosperity are measured and marked. || thrown down by us, although we may dream that it We may have reached the climax, may have will not last much longer. We should guard it with climbed the peak, and may be rapidly moving down-| that religious care bestowed upon a friend, beside wards on our decline to our fall as a great empire. || whose bed we watch for parting breath, feeling that Gigantic and new combinations are forming else- || it cannot be long delayed ; and still we guard the where; and, true to the ordinary types in nature, feeble remnant with a reverenco not conceded to the parent tree may have commenced its season of strength and youth. decay. Even our national oak dies at last, as Me- These gloomy forebodings are the worst that thuselah perished, ero it reaches the millennium. we could cherish, and we will have nothing to do Our race have undergone similar vicissitudes before. with them. The wisdom of the West has not yet Emigration has been always the cause of their reached its years of discretion ; and the oracular prosperity and their doom. They sent down, from announcements in the United States press, regardthe Persian mountains, from the springs of the ing the early demise of the British empire, may not Assyrian rivers, over from the shores of the Euxine | be true, although many influential men in this and the Mediterranean to the bleak coasts of the country act as if they wished to fulfil them. The Baltic and the North Sea, bodies of savage ad- || condition of the concern is not yet entirely despeventurers who were doomed to rule a large portion rate, if we take means now to supply its defects. of the world, and to labour in the high places of tho| The ship is not absolutely embayed in the storm, field for human civilization. These men overywhere and might keep the sea, with clear heads and made rapid progress. The history of their career strong hands at the helm. Difficulties should is strangely interspersed with vice and virtue; but neither be despised nor exaggerated ; and we are more has been done by them than by any other in difficulties, but not in despair. Our circumpeople to establish freedom, to advance science, to stances should be fully searched, for no greater promote literature, to cherish pure faith, to spread calamity can occur in a struggle than ignorance of blessings over the earth, to raise themselves and all our weak points; and a struggle must come. their brethren nearer to happiness—farther from Fortunately, our danger is not from without, but misery. They might have done more with their within. No foreign state can, in the present aspect gigantic opportunities—for we do not refer alone of politics, endanger the stability and the permanenco to the people of the British isles, but also to of the British union. A repetition of our reasons VOL, XVI.NO, OXOII.

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for desiring its permanence is unnecessary. They || perpetually with party movements, the detailswhich have been stated already, and it is of more impor- often become the source of great irritancy and vexatance now to describe the measures by which that tion to the Colonists are in the care of immovable object may be accomplished. Our Colonial empire and irresponsible agents. This arrangement is not has never been fully united. Its different parts without advantages, but it is also liable to many never have been run into each other, but merely objections, and has not worked beneficially for Cochained together. The wisdom of past statesmen, lonial interests. Many parties who have maturely who left matters in that position, was certainly not || and temperately considered the position of our Coadmirable. In this, and in many other respects, they lonies hold that their direction should be under the pursued a policy of which we now reap fruits that management of a board or commission—not affected they might have foreseen. The fashion of holding by the party changes and combinations in home them up as examples to us has no foundation in politics--not dependent on or removable with the fact, for they did little that we should now imitate. Cabinet; but forming, de facto, a separate and CoThey laboured zealously for the extension of this lonial Cabinet. If it were possible to elevate this empire, while they planted within it the germs of projected body above party strife to the judicial podeath and decomposition. They talked, like their sition, it would become irresponsible to a considerfollowers now, of making the Colonies “ integralable extent, and in important matters. If, on the portions" of the empire, while they adopted measures other hand, it continued to be responsible to Parliato alionate the Colonistsgradually from their fathers' ment, it would necessarily fall with the companion land. They have gone, and accounted for their Cabinet which held in charge our home affairs and works, and we charge not their memory with infi- foreign transactions. Nothing can be more diffidelity to the trust they held, but of those who have cult than so to reconcile conflicting interests that succeeded them—of some who even now occupy we shall have a responsible Colonial Cabinet, yet their places, in right or wrong, many less charitable independent of the agitations solely connected with words are spoken and written,

home affairs—with, for example, the movements From the commencement of our colonization, || against the Irish Church, or for the Irish Municithe Colonists were disconnected from the empire.pal Franchises, or the Scotch Sanatory Act. Two They were denied representation. They were suns in one sky would not agree. The Whigs in managed like babes. They were not our partners, | possession of the Home, and the Tories paramount but our wards—treated as if they were yet of non- in the Colonial Cabinet, would carry on perpetual age.

war, to the great damage and discredit of the pubThe Colonists were not merly deprived of any lic service. Therefore, we are bound to dismiss this share in the Imperial Government, but they were suggestion as good, if practicable; but not to be denuded of the powers of self-government. They thought of by reason of its impracticability, were compelled to resign the privileges which they The revenue system was equally deleterious. had enjoyed as British subjects, and were placed We paid for the formation of Colonies, and prounder the guidance of that spectral power—the tected our agriculturists against their produce. Colonial Office. They wanted local government. Colonial corn was heavily taxed. To increase the All their officials were appointed by the ministry consumption of barley in whisky, a heavy duty was Even at home no steady scheme of tyranny was laid on rum. The landed proprietors believed that pursued. The Colonial Secretary was a member the admission of Colonial corn and provisions free of the Cabinet, dependent for oficial existence of duty would ruin them, and resisted the proposal upon the success of his party, whose power existed until they brought all the world upon their heads. only along with their majority, and lapsed when Instead of fostering mutual and reciprocal relations that was converted into a minority.

with the Colonies, we endeavoured to buy as little The Colonial Secretary never acquired that in-from, and sell as much to them, as possibly could timate acquaintance with Colonial details essential be done. The gentlemen who contrived that plan to success in his business. He understood the of imperial commerce forgot that those who do not general scope of the policy pursued by his party sell profitably will not be long good buyers. They towards the Colonies. He was acquainted with adopted an error of the present day, and applied it their intentions and purposes; but he never acquired to the Colonies instead of the home counties. They a suitable knowledge of details, He was, for all seemed to think that so long as people bought er. these affairs, dependent on his subordinates. I tensively, they must sell largely. It may appear They became the real pests of the Colonies, the real improbable, but it is true, that the principles of the directors of the Colonial administration. The political economy clubs of 1847 were those on which public know not how closely the subordinates of William Pitt, and other statesmen, considered heathe public offices cling to their places apd their ven-born in their time, and by their followers, badlong salaries, A change of ministry affects them not. acted towards the Colonies." Take care of the pur. The hostile rote of Parliament may take vengeance ||chases, and the sales will mind themselves,'' say all on a bad minister; while the men who have made the enlightened dabblers in modern political eco. him bad sit secure in their high places, far above' nomy. It is only the echo of an old maxim. We Parliamentary censure or control. It is notorious once told the Colonists the same figment, whereby that the real, but the irresponsiblo, managers of now we are self-cheated and injured. Trade mast public offices are not affected by the defeat of par-have two sides. A merchant may buy most ad. ties and the overthrow of cabinets. Thus, while | vantageously, and operate so largely and so well the leading features of our Colonial policy change as to get into the Gazette by energy and ingenuity

If he neglect to sell well, his purchases will only obtain the long salaries for their friends. The hasten ruin. A nation may commit a similar error, || legislatures of two of the most important amongst which will be attended by precisely similar results. the West India Colonies stopped the supplies. A Colony, as the smaller and the weaker community, They acted correctly, and in strict compliance with is certain to feel soon and severely the evil conse- || the spirit of the British constitution. This pecuquences of any selfish system of trade. Britain niary quarrel is separate from the grand difficulty protected itself against its Colonies from the selfish in which we are placed with all our West India policy of the landowners. All the rest of the Colonies, between the desire to buy cheap on world were protected against our Colonies, because the one hand, and to be thought philanthropic on they belonged to Britain. Thus they languished, the other. The Cape Colonists have strenuously while the tides of capital and emigration flowed resisted, and completely defeated, the attempt made rapidly from our shores into hostile lands.

to impose on them a consignment of crime, and an Truth will prevail, but it may prevail too late. All emigration of felons. They have decided that, if shall revere truth, but the worship may be offered cheap labour should never be obtained amongst when the temple is closed. A better policy towards them, they shall at least have honest labourers in the Colonies was at last devised. Something like preference to scamps. The policy of Earl Grey in justice was offered to Canada. The offer was con- this matter was entirely at variance with a distinct verted into a fact, and the reality existed for one bargain. The African Colony was to be preserved or two years. Then came the famine; next the pure and free from convict labour. On that assugreat apostacy of Peel and his party, as it has been rance, many individuals emigrated there who termed, and as if Peel could commit political apos- entertained conscientious objections to the kind of tacy, a crime which would imply the possession of society expelled from this country on account of a political faith, at some period, stronger than the their crimes. The recent effort, therefore, to chango expediency of the day. The country party had the character of the Colony was a direct breach of wasted their energies in nothing, and they were faith with the emigrants and settlers, which they swept beneath the political counter. They became resisted—which some people even allege that they an old pattern, despised, unfashionable, and value- / were expected to resist, adding that the scheme less. When requested to regret their fall, we find was devised to be opposed; but they belong to that the task extremely difficult. They do not appear class of hard thinkers who sometimes mistake folly to have owned large hearts at any time. The gro- | for crime, and therefore look with jealous and velling vulgarity of estimating all measures by their suspicious eyes upon the conduct of men high in immediate profits was introduced by them. The the Colonial-office. democracy of Cromwell's time knew better, looked The Colonies of Port Philip and South Australia farther, and grasped a wider range of thought than have decided to present an opposition to convict the Restoration, or any party that has risen on and settlements not less determined than that of the after the Restoration. A hundred John Hampdens | African Boors. All the Australian Colonies have would save and re-establish the power of England; quarrels with Earl Grey and his people at home. but her yeomen are depressed into tenants-at-will. Dr. Lang has, after a three years' sojourn in Great New measures were adopted, by which the Colonies Britain, returned to New South Wales, breathing were placed on the dead level of Cuba or the revolt, republicanism, and a president. He writes Brazils; while we found them governors, named as if some strange thing had happened to him their salaries, calculated the labour that they should because he encountered short civility from Earl have permission to buy, and refused them leave to Grey. The Rev. Dr. Lang's parting words are make greater purchases than the Colonial-office more bitter than his reception from the people and our own philanthropy deemed right. Abhor- | deserved. They at least have not mocked his rence of the slave trade, and the love of cheap sugar, schemes, scorned his zeal, and wrought mischief made our legislature inconsistent. The desire for to his projects. He came here avowedly for the a benevolent character, and the avarice for low noblest ends that could lead a patriot traveller over prices, made them unjust.

the ocean. He came to show to vainly toiling We are now to state summarily those changes thousands at home a way to independence ; to our which have apparently become essential to the anti-slavery societies a means of throwing slaveexistence of our Colonial empire. The eye ranging grown cotton out of the market ; to our cottonover it meets only one vast expanse of discontent, | spinners a plan for increasing tho supply of raw ripening into rebellion. The North American material. He was heard. His letters were read, provinces are dissatisfied, although the majority of his plans were partially adopted; they were fol. their population still desire to maintain the con- lowed by a considerable emigration ; and Moreton nection with this country. The West Indian Bay Colony promises soon to reach importance, Islands are in a state of legislative revolt against and to rise into an active, prosperous country in the Government, on the shabby question of salaries.shorter time than even its senior Colonies in AusThe planters have experienced a great diminution tralia have required to effect that purpose. Thereof profits, and they expect that the salaries of fore, we think that Dr. Lang's references to Benofficials should be partially reduced. The stiff,

jamin Franklin were not requisito embellishments formal gentlemen in the Colonial-office at home in his farewell address to Earl Grey. He has not have taken offence at the “insolence" of mero yet at least experienced the measure of Benjamin planters who dare to have an opinion of their own; Franklin's wrongs. The Australian Colonies have and they consider their own honour committed to not quite the complaints to make that the New

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England States justly preferred without redress or First, the empire should be maintained in its insympathy in the maddened parent land. We may|tegrity, for the promotion of those moral and reeven take care here that they never shall have similar ligious ends that its existence may subserve; for the grievances, and never shall be publicly met with || maintenance of universal peace by the gradually the same cool contempt when they come to state coming maturity of a power sufficiently strong, and their wrongs. But Dr. Lang is a man, with an ac- perfectly willing to enforce it everywhere, and not tive spirit, who makes, we presume, a better hater a vast power cramped up in a corner of the earth, than rightly becomes the ecclesiastical character. so as to exercise no influence out of its immeHe has been coldly treated by the Colonial-office.diate vicinity ; for the abolition of slavery by He thought that they needed advice there, forget-| the force of its example, and the vast influence ting that Earl Grey must keep in his service a Mes- of its commerce; for the elevation of the aboriginal meric familiar, who, with the gift of clairvoyance, tribes and nations of different lands by the rising gives him a better acquaintance with the wants, the strength of its philanthropy; for the maintenance wishes, and the woes of all the Colonists than they of their rights and liberties, as in the case of this can themselves profess. A man's greatest difficulty Nicaraguan quarrel into which the United States is to know himself; and the Colonists, like other threaten to throw themselves, for the creditable people, must experience it; but Earl Grey's || purpose of stealing a river mouth, and a few miles familiar knows everybody, and so far as he || of coast, from an Indian chief. These are duties is concerned the difficulty disappears. Dr. Lang | laid on us by our position—duties that we have to has, however, commenced his voyage homo in perform in the sight of God and man--duties that very bad humour with this country's representative, we cannot devolve on others by any act of our own, and unfortunately he will find many persons wait- except on the principle that a chagrined man may ing him in a similar spirit. At Ceylon we had a rebel- | retire out of the world into a hermitage or a monaslion lately, and a number of persons were executedtery, when he feels that his merits have been neafter its suppression. In the Ionian Islands Mr. Iglected, or that his purposes have been crossed; Ward has established a character for the prompt except on the principle that a man somewhat wilder hanging up of the villains whom he catches. Ourmay say and believe of Cato that he reasoned well, vast possessions in the East Indies are spending at and act accordingly. “But,” say the decompositionthe rate of one million more per annum than their || ists, “we seek not the destruction of thisempire-we revenue. We have not heard of disturbances at agitate not for its abolition-we are willing that it Heligoland, but they may be anticipated.

should remain for ever, or for all time; only we This internal discontent must be subdued, not by must be allowed to follow our own courses, although armies and fleets, but by fraternisation and justice. they should lead to its demolition.” Just thus may A gulf exists between us and a large party in this the enemy have spoken by whom the tares were country by whom the Colonies would be sacrificed, sown amongst the wheat even while engaged at, wbilo by us they would be maintained and incor-1 and if he had been seized in, the very act. He porated. This party is willing, very apparently did not wish to choke the wheat-he entertained desirous, to narrow our dominions within our central no malice regarding its growth—he had no isla Why they should restrain their doctrine | desire that it should not flourish to ripeness, of decomposition at the English Channel we cannot and bring forth fruit; but only he sought and tell . Perhaps they are under no such restraint. seized permission to sow his own tares.

The The repeal of the union with Ireland might yield clear, logical powers manifested in the comthem more pleasure than pain; and why should position of a little book, originating at Westmins. they stop there? Is there any reason for refusing ter, but taught nearly to all the children of ScotScotland to the Scotch ? Have the southern pro-|| land, have had a direct influence in forming the tective counties committed an unpardonable sin, that national character. The Assembly's shorter catethey should be for ever chained to the manufactur- | chism says that the sixth commandment, it not merely ing districts of the North? Is the Heptarchy im- | requires us not to kill, but also to use all lawful possible ? Is there a line of demarcation drawn means for preserving and extending the lives of where decomposition must stop? Have these gen- ourselves and others. Supposing, therefore, that tlemen noticed the stern treatment of erysipelas ? we hold ourselves bound, for the reasons stated, not Have they seen a patient's skin tatooed like a New to lay violent hands on the existence of the empire, Zealander's to restrain the progress of this inflam- we are equally bound not to be neutral, and equally mation? Have they observed that it is a painful constrained to use our efforts for its preservation process ? and have they prepared and damped and extension. That is a strictly logical sequence their lunar caustic to burn a protective ring in this of our passive duty not to destroy, which in its living empire within which the erysipelatous affec- || existence implies, for it begets, the active duty to tion which they madly cherish in the outer regions | uphold. shall not enter? They are still, we presume, pre- Second, we maintain the empire as a means of pared to protect the brain and the heart; but of reaching an object very dear to us, but one at prewhat value are the centres of life if the limbs be sent gradually eluding our grasp-namely, the chopped away?

fair and free commercial intercourse of nations on The reasons why we want to extend and preserve equal and on just terms. We never have yet known the Colonies are in number five, which might be the powers of our great Colonial connection for divided into numerous particulars if that were ad- | the expansion of trade. The peculiar value of our visable, and time permitted.

empire has never yet been grasped and recog

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