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TAIT'S

EDINBURGH

M A G A Z'IN E

FOR

1849.

VOLUME XVI,

EDINBURGH:
SUTHERLAND & KNOX.
SIMPKIN, MARSHALL, & CO., LONDON,

MDCCCXLIX,

PRINTED BY GEORGE TROUP, 29, DUNLOP STREET, GLASGOW.

'INDEX.

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Page

Pago

Aird, Poems by Thomas,

101 History, early Scottish: the Lives of the Lindsays, 615

America, Sonth, Recent Travels in,

446 Huddersfield-its Physical, Social, Manufacturing, Com-

American Scenes and Christian Slavery,

330 mercial, and Religious Institutions,

233

Amicitiæ Shakspearianæ,

696, 796 Indian Archipelago, English and Dutch in the,

1

Apennines, the,
661 Innkeeper's Wife, the,

729
Aristocracy, Primogeniture, and Entails, Passy on 193 Insect Life, Episodes of,

62

Artemis, the Goddess,

727 Iron Chest, the White Serpents and the,

662

Anstralia, Recent Discovery in,
148 Islay and Ulster,

671
Austria, .
128 Italy, Revolutionised,

184

Beanty and Truth,

664 | Italy, Entrance into,

579

Beauchamp; or, the Error,

391 Jenny Lind, retirement of,

355

Bey, the Turkish,

737 Jesuit, the,

515

Birds of Jamaica,

543 Judges of England,

163

Botanical Science,

463 Jupiter Ammon, the Expedition of Alexander to the Oasis of, 228
Botany,

542 | Kabylies of Algeria, Narrative of a Campaign against the, 126

Brigg, the Inn at,

576 Kindness, the Magic of,

748

Campbell, Thomas, Life and Letters of,
31 Kirkaldy of Grange, Memoirs and Adventures of,

130
Canada—the Colonial Question,
141, 207, 282, 383 Law, Reform the,

477

Carbonaro, the,

584 Life Association, the Islay Tontine,

671

Card Playing, Facts and Speculations regarding,
63 | Life Assurance, alleged Defects of,

326
Carli, Madame,

512 Literary and Scientific Society of Edinburgh—1848-9, 47

Carlotta,

581 Literary Register, 67, 126, 196, 265, 330, 388, 467, 539, 600,

Cemetery, an Adventure in a; or, the Russian Droshki

674, 745, 819

Driver,

223 Liverpool, aVisit to~its Architectureæsthetically considered, 213

Certosa, the Church of,

583 | Lochinvar, a Shetland,

490

Chalmers' Posthumous Works,

122 “Man made of Money,” Douglas Jerrold's,

290

Cholera, Epidemic, .

276 Memoirs and Correspondence of Sir Robert Murray

Christianity, the Age and, .

674 Keith, K.B.,

596

Cloncurry, Personal Recollections of Lord,
745 Mexican Gulf, a Tale of the,

501, 631

Coloual Policy under the Grey Dynasty,

680 | Milan, Departure from,

581

Colonies, Position of the,

753 Miranda: a Tale of the French Revolution, 21, 77, 169, 255

Columbus and the Virgin, .

669

300, 436

Cossacks of the Ukraine,

468 Misadventures,

786

Dawn at Sea,

733 Mrs. Margaret Maitland, of Sunnyside, some Passages in

D'Arno, the Val,

782 the Life of,

760

Death, Punishment of,

735 Music on the Continent, State of,

116

Democracy in France,

73 Music, Poetry, and Traditions of the Highlands,
Derwentwater, a Night in the neighbourhood of,
218 Mysteries of City Life,

539
Double Trial, the,
769 | My Uncle the Curate,

196

Duff, the Death of Mons.,

658 Nineveh, Layard's,

246

Eclipse, the Hudsonian,

319 | Obituary Notices, 71, 137, 269, 335, 405, 473, 548, 611, 686,752

Edinburgh in November,

722 Old London Bridge,

393

Employment or Emigration,
362 Orator, the Modern,

388
England, Macaulay's History of,
84 Original Correspondence of General Wolfe,

804
Faith, the Nemesis of,
376, 421 Ornithology,

544

Ghost Story, .

732 Our Anglo-Saxon Empire,

687

Gold-Seeker of Guazacoalco,
241, 451 Oxford University, Reform of,

702
Haunted Man and the Ghost's Bargain,
57 | Pepys, Diary of Samuel,

623

Highland Tradition, Sketches founded on, 3616,565 Pestilence and Sanatory Measures,

118

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Philosophy in England, Condition and Prospects of, 111 | Sontag, Henrietta, Countess de Rossi,

712
Philosopher, the,

734 St. Columb, The Buried Book of, a Legend of Ulster, 349
Political Register, 69, 132, 203, 266, 332, 399, 469, 545, 601, Story, the Bey's,

779
679, 740, 822 Story, the Jesuit's,

573
Proportions, Hay's Theory of,
296 Smoke, Dialectics in,

667
Railway and Mining Summary, 135, 205, 267, 333, 402, 471, Table d'Hote, the,

736
607, 682, 750, 825 Tarass Boulba,

589
Revelations of Life, Reade's,
433 Tenant-Right, O'Cleery's; a Legend of Ulster,

639
Ripalta, Ernesto di,

677 There and Back Again,

509, 573, 656, 727, 779
Royal Scottish Academy's Exhibition of 1849,
157 Tragedy, the Brigand's,

665
Ruction, the Sharon: a Legend of Ulster,
790 Travel, Incidents of,

560
Rupert, Prince, and the Cavaliers,

394, 415 University of Oxford, the Present State of the its De.

Santo, the Campo,

783 fects and Remedies,

525

Scotch Bills and Scotch Representation,

409 Valais, the,

613

Scottish Rivers--the Dee,

10, 177 Vassal, the Modern,

310, 337, 425, 493, 551, 844

Shipwreck, the; a Shetland Narrative,

586 War, the Hungarian,

483

Shreds and Patches,
216 Wars, the Hungarian and European,

601
Simplon, the Passage of the,

577 White Nile, Expedition to Discover the Sources of the, in
Skene, Loch, a Day in the Neighbourhood of,

105 the years 1840, 1841,
Sleep and Jewels,
574 | Woods, Sunday in the,

066
Soiree, the Governor's,

656

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TAIT'S EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

JANUARY, 1849,

ENGLISH AND DUTCH IN THE INDIAN ARCHIPELAGO.*

that may

To explain and illustrate the position we at present || consequently took place which it was foreseen would occupy in the Oriental Archipelago, it may be useful inevitably lead to hostilities, unless some step were to glance over that series of negotiations which arose taken to check the aggressive policy of the Dutch authoout of the treaty of 1824, between Great Britain and rities on the one hand, and the indignant and resentful the Netherlands. In what circumstances the treaty spirit generated in the old English residents and mer. itself originated, most persons will remember. We chants on the other. need scarcely, therefore, recapitulate the historical facts It was for the accomplishment of this purpose that

be said to fill up the interval between the the two Governments invested their representatives conquest of the Dutch colonies by the arms of Eng- / with full powers to negotiate and conclude a treaty land, and the conclusion of that convention the prin- / which should thenceforward determine the relative cipal effects and consequences of which it is the object | situations of the English and Dutch in the Indian of the present article to describe.

Archipelago, regulate their commercial intercourse, When, on the establishment of the general peace, and prescribe the limits within which the colonising Holland recovered her possessions in the Indian Archi- cnergies of the contracting parties should be confined. pelago, the merchants of this country flattered them. The statesmen entrusted with the framing of this treaty selves that, owing to the generous policy pursued by were persons of remarkable abilities. Experienced in our Cabinet, they would be suffered to enjoy more diplomacy, and sincerely desirous of putting an end to than ordinary privileges and respect. Indeed, the the differences between the two countries, they, on the development of the resources of the islands, and the completion, congratulated each other on having made general advancement of civilization, depended greatly everything clear for the future, and, as an expression on their capital and energy. Extraordinary progress of this feeling, exchanged notes, half complimentary, had been made by the natives during our occupation half explanatory, which may be regarded as a suppleof Java, Borneo, Celebes, and the Moluccas; and they ment to the convention. still, through inclination and preference, desired the But, as has long been painfully felt by diplomatists, co-operation of our countrymen in all those social un- there is no congeries of articles, no armadillo cuirass of dertakings which could be carried on without the in- language through which the golden point of interest tervention of Government.

will not find or make an opening. The bloody PandeJealousies almost necessarily arose out of this statemonium of war and conquest is paved with treaties. of things between the new and the old masters of the There may, up to a certain point, be honesty in their country, between those whom an equivocal sense of negotiators—that is, they may be sincere in their enequity had invested with supreme authority, and the deavours to prevent a hostile collision between their too liberal victors who voluntarily consented to re- respective Governments; but because each party seeks linquish the advantageous position they had won for to gain as much, and concede as little, as possible, the themselves by arms. Besides, the unpleasant conscious- | spirit of selfishness insensibly infuses itself into the ness was ever present to the minds of the Nether-document, and prevents the real completion of that landers, that they owed the restoration of their colonies structure of amity which is the mark presumed to be entirely to the moderation of an all-powerful State, aimed at. Treaties may consequently be regarded as which, from several positions it had taken up in their the stratagems of peace. To secure advantages for neighbourhood, small, but not insignificant, seemed their own country is the object of diplomatists as well perpetually to watch their proceedings. The treaty | as generals ; and greater and more solid victories have of 1817, designed to put an end to these jealousies, sometimes been gained by the pen than by the sword. only augmented them, and the accidental establishment Here, however, nearly all men are disciples of Machiaof one settlement at Singapore completed, in the eyes velli. The Government which has the power to enforce of Holland, the cycle of our delinquencies. Events "its will is distinct and explicit, because it does not fear

* I. Coup d'oeil Général sur les Possessions Neerlandaise dans l'Inde Archipelagique. Par C. J. Temminck. 1816.

II. Le Monition des Indes Orientales et Occidentales. Publier sous les Auspiccs de S.A.R. Monseigneur Prince Henri dès Tays Bas, avec le co-operation de plusieurs Membres de la Société des Arts et des Sciences à Batavia. Par le Baron Melvill, VOL. XVI, XO, CLXXXI,

A

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