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M A G A Z'IN E
Anstralia, Recent Discovery in,
463 Jupiter Ammon, the Expedition of Alexander to the Oasis of, 228
542 | Kabylies of Algeria, Narrative of a Campaign against the, 126
Campbell, Thomas, Life and Letters of,
Card Playing, Facts and Speculations regarding,
512 Literary and Scientific Society of Edinburgh—1848-9, 47
Cloncurry, Personal Recollections of Lord,
Dawn at Sea,
733 Mrs. Margaret Maitland, of Sunnyside, some Passages in
Democracy in France,
73 Music, Poetry, and Traditions of the Highlands,
Employment or Emigration,
Gold-Seeker of Guazacoalco,
Philosophy in England, Condition and Prospects of, 111 | Sontag, Henrietta, Countess de Rossi,
734 St. Columb, The Buried Book of, a Legend of Ulster, 349
677 There and Back Again,
509, 573, 656, 727, 779
394, 415 University of Oxford, the Present State of the its De.
Shreds and Patches,
577 White Nile, Expedition to Discover the Sources of the, in
105 the years 1840, 1841,
Reflective Sonnets on St. Valentine's Day,
TAIT'S EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.
ENGLISH AND DUTCH IN THE INDIAN ARCHIPELAGO.*
To explain and illustrate the position we at present || consequently took place which it was foreseen would occupy in the Oriental Archipelago, it may be useful inevitably lead to hostilities, unless some step were to glance over that series of negotiations which arose taken to check the aggressive policy of the Dutch authoout of the treaty of 1824, between Great Britain and rities on the one hand, and the indignant and resentful the Netherlands. In what circumstances the treaty spirit generated in the old English residents and mer. itself originated, most persons will remember. We chants on the other. need scarcely, therefore, recapitulate the historical facts It was for the accomplishment of this purpose that
be said to fill up the interval between the the two Governments invested their representatives conquest of the Dutch colonies by the arms of Eng- / with full powers to negotiate and conclude a treaty land, and the conclusion of that convention the prin- / which should thenceforward determine the relative cipal effects and consequences of which it is the object | situations of the English and Dutch in the Indian of the present article to describe.
Archipelago, regulate their commercial intercourse, When, on the establishment of the general peace, and prescribe the limits within which the colonising Holland recovered her possessions in the Indian Archi- cnergies of the contracting parties should be confined. pelago, the merchants of this country flattered them. The statesmen entrusted with the framing of this treaty selves that, owing to the generous policy pursued by were persons of remarkable abilities. Experienced in our Cabinet, they would be suffered to enjoy more diplomacy, and sincerely desirous of putting an end to than ordinary privileges and respect. Indeed, the the differences between the two countries, they, on the development of the resources of the islands, and the completion, congratulated each other on having made general advancement of civilization, depended greatly everything clear for the future, and, as an expression on their capital and energy. Extraordinary progress of this feeling, exchanged notes, half complimentary, had been made by the natives during our occupation half explanatory, which may be regarded as a suppleof Java, Borneo, Celebes, and the Moluccas; and they ment to the convention. still, through inclination and preference, desired the But, as has long been painfully felt by diplomatists, co-operation of our countrymen in all those social un- there is no congeries of articles, no armadillo cuirass of dertakings which could be carried on without the in- language through which the golden point of interest tervention of Government.
will not find or make an opening. The bloody PandeJealousies almost necessarily arose out of this statemonium of war and conquest is paved with treaties. of things between the new and the old masters of the There may, up to a certain point, be honesty in their country, between those whom an equivocal sense of negotiators—that is, they may be sincere in their enequity had invested with supreme authority, and the deavours to prevent a hostile collision between their too liberal victors who voluntarily consented to re- respective Governments; but because each party seeks linquish the advantageous position they had won for to gain as much, and concede as little, as possible, the themselves by arms. Besides, the unpleasant conscious- | spirit of selfishness insensibly infuses itself into the ness was ever present to the minds of the Nether-document, and prevents the real completion of that landers, that they owed the restoration of their colonies structure of amity which is the mark presumed to be entirely to the moderation of an all-powerful State, aimed at. Treaties may consequently be regarded as which, from several positions it had taken up in their the stratagems of peace. To secure advantages for neighbourhood, small, but not insignificant, seemed their own country is the object of diplomatists as well perpetually to watch their proceedings. The treaty | as generals ; and greater and more solid victories have of 1817, designed to put an end to these jealousies, sometimes been gained by the pen than by the sword. only augmented them, and the accidental establishment Here, however, nearly all men are disciples of Machiaof one settlement at Singapore completed, in the eyes velli. The Government which has the power to enforce of Holland, the cycle of our delinquencies. Events "its will is distinct and explicit, because it does not fear
* I. Coup d'oeil Général sur les Possessions Neerlandaise dans l'Inde Archipelagique. Par C. J. Temminck. 1816.
II. Le Monition des Indes Orientales et Occidentales. Publier sous les Auspiccs de S.A.R. Monseigneur Prince Henri dès Tays Bas, avec le co-operation de plusieurs Membres de la Société des Arts et des Sciences à Batavia. Par le Baron Melvill, VOL. XVI, XO, CLXXXI,