Buddhist Saints in India: A Study in Buddhist Values and Orientations

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Oxford University Press, 1999 - Religion - 508 pages
The issue of saints is a difficult and complicated problem in Buddhology. In this magisterial work, Ray offers the first comprehensive examination of the figure of the Buddhist saint in a wide range of Indian Buddhist evidence. Drawing on an extensive variety of sources, Ray seeks to identify the "classical type" of the Buddhist saint, as it provides the presupposition for, and informs, the different major Buddhist saintly types and subtypes. Discussing the nature, dynamics, and history of Buddhist hagiography, he surveys the ascetic codes, conventions and traditions of Buddhist saints, and the cults both of living saints and of those who have "passed beyond." Ray traces the role of the saints in Indian Buddhist history, examining the beginnings of Buddhism and the origin of Mahayana Buddhism.
 

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Contents

Introduction
3
1 The Buddhist Saints and the TwoTiered Model of Buddhism
15
2 Buddha 346257akyamuni as a Saint
44
3 Saints of the Therag257th257 and Ther299g257th257
79
4 Some Orthodox Saints in Buddhism
105
5 Saints Criticized and Condemned
151
6 Cults of Arhants
179
7 The Solitary Saint the Pratyekabuddha
213
9 Ascetic Traditions of Buddhist Saints
293
10 The Buddhist Saints and the Stupa
324
11 The Cult of Saints and Buddhist Doctrines of Absence and Presence
358
12 The Buddhist Saints and the Process of Monasticization
396
Toward a Threefold Model of Buddhism
433
Bibliography
448
Index
469
Copyright

8 Bodhisattva Saints of the Forest in Mah257y257na Sutras
251

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About the author (1999)

Reginald A. Ray is at University of Colorado, Boulder.

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