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A simicolon, requires double the pause of a comma. A colon, requires that the reader should stop while he could pronounce three syllables.
A period, finishes a sentence, and requires a fall of voice, and a pause equal to the time of pronouncing four syllables.
An interrogation point, is placed after a question; as
Explanation of the pauses and other marks.
A comma, requires that the reader stop, while he could pronounce one syllable.
An exclamation point, is placed after a word or sentence expressing wonder, surprise, joy, or any sudden and violent emotion of the mind.
These two points, require a pause equal to that of the period, but no fall of the voice.
(A parenthesis, includes an occasional remark, which serves to illustrate the author's meaning, but is not necessary for the grammatical construction of the sentence :-It should be read quicker and with a lower tone of voice.
An apostrophe, marks the possessive case, as,John's book: or, it denotes a contraction, as, us'd for used; I'll for I will.
A quotation includes a passage taken from some other author in his own words.
A hyphen, shows that the syllables separated by it, belong together; it is used mostly when words are divided at the end of a line.
A The caret, is used only in writing; it shows the place where a letter, word, or sentence, omitted by mistake, should be inserted.
" The accent, shows that the greatest stress of voice should be on the syllable over which it is placed. A dash, placed before a quotation, shows that only a part of a sentence is quoted; between letters, it shows that a part of the word is omitted, as, K-g for king at the end of a sentence, it denotes an abrupt pause.
An index, points to a remarkable passage.
A paragraph, begins a new subject.
An asterisk, and other references, point to a note in the margin, at the foot of a page.
 Crotchets, include a word or sentence inserted for
pen al ty pen al ties
noi ses church es
lan tith e sis an tithe ses
ar ca numar ca na
cri te ri on cri te ri a
em pha sis
jer ra tum
em pha ses ef flu vi a
er ra ta
gen e ra
ra di i
Comparison of Adjectives by er, and est.
Sup. bold est bright est
be tray cre ate
con tra dict
in ter cede
be gin build
Formation of Participles from regular verbs,
de ceiv ing
bring ing bind ing
per. par. lov ed
con tra dict ing con tra dict ed in ter ce ding in ter ce ded
Participles from irregular verbs.
be tray ed
de ceiv ed
sink ing teach ing speak ing wri ting
be gin ningbe gun
Adjectives derived from nouns formed by adding y.
chill y chalk y
By adding en denoting the matter of which any thing is made, earth
pa rent per son na tion
glad glad some loath loath some
de ceit deceit ful disgrace disgrace ful de light de light ful dis trust dis trust ful
fruit fruit ful
By adding ful denoting abundance.
By adding some denoting fulness.
By adding al pa ren tal per son al nation al
i cy wor thy wealth y
de light de light some frol ick
frol ick some troub le some
By adding ly denoting likeness,
By adding less denoting want. art less care less need need less grace grace less
frac tion fraction al
doc trine doc trin al crime
crim in al
worth worth less measure measure less num ber number less mo tion mo tion less
Ish added to adjectives, denotes a slight quality: added to nouns, it denotes similarity.
fa vour a ble fa vour a bly fa vour a ble ness
pa rent pa rent age
re mit re mit tance perform performance pat ron pat ron agere pent re pentance
em bar rass
em bel lish
glo ry glo ri ous beauty beau te ous va ry va fi ous boun ty boun te ous
a buse a bu sive de cide de ci sive in trude in tru sive in vade in va sive
a base ment
a gree ment