The Coffin of Heqata: (Cairo JdE 36418) : a Case Study of Egyptian Funerary Culture of the Early Middle Kingdom

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Peeters Publishers, 1996 - History - 551 pages
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The coffin published in this book represents a type that had some popularity in southern Upper Egypt in the early Middle Kingdom, but which, despite its extraordinary decoration had not attracted attention so far. The most striking feature of the decoration is that the object friezes - the pictorial rendering of ritual implements usually found on coffin interiors of the period - also include complete ritual scenes, some of which are attested only here. Apart from this, the decoration includes an extensive selection of the religious texts know as the Coffin Texts. The author first studies the archaeological context and dating of the coffin and attempts a reconstruction of the construction procedures from his technical description of the monument. The detailed account of the decoration in the rest of the book interprets the ritual iconography and offers fresh translations and interpretations of the Coffin Texts. A methodological innovation is that he regards the scenes and texts not as individual decoration elements, but as components of an integral composition. The background of this composition is argued to be a view of life in the hereafter in which the deceased is involved in an unending cycle of ritual action which reflects the funerary rituals that were actually performed on earth. On the one hand, these netherworldly rituals aim at bringing the deceased to new life by mummification, on the other the newly regenerated deceased partakes in embalming rituals for gods representing his dead father (Osiris or Atum). These gods, in their turn, effectuate the deceased's regeneration. The entire process results in a cycle of resuscitation in which the afterlife of the deceased and of the 'father gods' are interdependent. The sociological bias of this interpretation, with its emphasis on kinship relations, differs significantly from earlier attempts to explain Egyptian funerary religion.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The CT on the bottom 2 41
2
The pr txm in A1C H 3 13 64
3
The Archaeological Context and Date of the Coffin of Heqata
15
Technical Description
27
Tables
29
Exterior Decoration
43
The decoration on H of T3C inside
46
in T3C B 2 15
210
1 The purification scene in A1C FR 2 19 2 idem in GIT FR 2 18 3 idem in T3C B 2 12 4 idem in the cryptographic text of stela Louvre C 15
211
Item FR 2 20 in A1C
212
1 Item FR 2 21 in A1C 2 The parallel on B of T3C B 2 17 3 The parallel on FR of T3C FR 4 24
213
1 The boat A and the collar B in A1C FR 2 2627 2 the parallel in GIT FR 2 28
216
1 Receiving the river in coffin A1C FR 3 1 2 idem in GIT FR 3
218
1 Item FR 3 3 in A1C 2 Item B 3 9 in T3C 3 Item FR 3 31 in T3C
222
Item FR 3 4 in A1C
223

Interior Decoration
49
1 The idmi textile as it is depicted in A1C H 3 14 and 2 an instance of the more usual mode of depiction from TIBe B 3 3
66
1 Item H 3 16 in A1C 2 The parallel on FR of T3C FR 2 5
67
The parallel scene on B of T3C B 4 1517
68
1 Item H 5 4 in A1C 2 Item H 5 5 in the same coffin 3 Item H 5 6 in coffin A1C
69
1 Items H 5 78 in A1C 2 the parallel on B of T3C B 4 2223
71
1 The heads in A1C with their labels H 5 910 2 the heads on B of T3C B 2 1819 3 idem on FR of T3C FR 3 2324
73
Items H 6 13 in coffin A1C
74
Item H 6 5 in A1C
76
1 Item H 6 7 in A1C 2 item FR 23 14 in Sq2C
77
15 Items H 6 812 in A1C
78
The decoration of F of the coffin of Heqata
105
The object frieze in register 2 of F of coffin A1C
106
The basins of Heqet and Khopri 1 the mooringpost scene 2 and the brace letcarriers 3 on B of T3C B 4 35
107
The mooringpost scene 1 and the basin of Khopri or Heqet 2 FR of T3C FR 4 2930
108
The object frieze on B of T3C 1 48
113
The rites around the mooringposts in the tomb of Rekhmire
116
The fourth register on F of A1C
120
The snake charmers in 1 coffin GIT F 4 5 2 coffin T3C FR 3 11
121
Registers 5 and 6 on F of coffin A1C
123
Decoration scheme of B of coffin A1C
141
The object frieze on B of coffin A1C
143
The object frieze on B of T3C 2 49
148
The topography of the netherworld according to CT V 153ac 398
169
The vignette on B of A1C
179
Decoration sceme of FR of coffin A1C
201
1 The sieves ? at the beginning of the FRfrieze of A1C FR 2 1
202
1 The two counterpoises in A1C FR 2 2 2 the two bracelets in A1C FR 2 3
203
1 The procession of ritualists of FR of A1C FR 2 13 2 The procession of ritualists in T3C FR 2 20 3 The beginning of the procession in T3L
205
Item FR 2 14 in A1C a bracelet
208
1 Items FR 2 16 and 17 A and B respectively in A1C 2 Items B 2 10 and 11
209
1 Item FR 3 8 in A1C 2 Item B 4 2 in T3C 3 The mnh t stick in coffin Sq1C
225
1 Item FR 3 10 in A1C 2 Item B 2 2 in T3C
226
Item FR 3 11 in A1C
228
Items FR 3 13 1 and FR 3 14 2 in A1C 3 Item FR 3 30 in T3C 4 Item B 3 6 in T3C
232
1 The funerary procession in A1C FR 3 15 2 The funerary procession in T3C B 3 3
234
Transcription of the label to groups B and C of item FR 3 15
236
A detail from stela London BM 1372
291
A schematic rendering of a diagonal star clock
330
A schematic rendering of the star clock in A1C
331
The disposition of the texts on the bottom of A1C
338
Conclusions
363
Geographical scheme according to CT spell 118
367
Geographical scheme according to CT spells 399B and 162 + 164
368
Tabulation of the most important cosmological data provided by the texts
370
on coffin A1C
376
Interactive pattern of the hymns to the coffin sides
377
The approach of the actor to the beneficiary
378
The model of the rites de passage
380
The ritual contexts represented in the decoration of coffin A1C
386
Translation of and Philological Commentary on the Coffin Texts
391
Two types of winepress
437
A cargo vessel of the type depicted in the pyramid temple of Sahure
438
The development of CT I 3545a 75
480
Indices
495
Figures
2
The exterior of B of A1C 11
11
The decoration of B 1 20
26
The diagonal star clock on the lid 1 35
39
The object frieze on FR of T3C 2 51
51
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