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Law cases and intelligence-Rev. Dougherty vs. Penn, William, establishes post offices and rates
Donoghue, for illegal marriage

directions for settling a great town
Methodist church, Pittsburg, Vs.

notice of his arrival by friends
Remington and al. right of pro-

the grave of described
perty act relating to executors, &c.

anniversary of landing celebrated 95
report against water rents as a lien

discourse before the society by P.
on property

S. Duponceau

Lead mine, discovered at Muncey

Biography of

Legislature, list of members

portrait of, offered to councils 412
resolutions on the Union, Mr. Keat. Pennsylvania, McKean county described 11 17

Connellsville described
standing committees, &c.


tour from Buffalo to Philadelphia,
9 printers and 3 apprentices mem-



Wayne county described
Lewistown, snow at


post-offices and postmasters, list of
Library and Reading Room Committee of Nor-

salt manufactured in, cost, quan-
thern Liberties, report

tity and capital, &c.

Pennsylvania, of Foreign Literature, 1st

punishments in, historical view of

western described

Loganian, purchase books


proprietary claims, Thos. McKean's
opinion 1779


Judicial history of

289 274
McKean co. general description of

“the great law”

chief justice, opinion on proprietary

commerce of


notices of negro slavery in, by
Manufactures of McKean co.

11, 17

Edward Bettle

15, 22
votes of electoral college,


Gov. Wolf, message

Marble quarries of Chester co.

157 | Pennsylvania canal commissioners's report 385
discovered in Columbia co. 415

celebration at Columbia 398
Marriage, singular

a trip on

Mauch Chunk, rail road described

tolls received on

singular occurrence of electrical

first boat from Huntingdon to

town of described


daily line of boats from Pitts-
May, Rev. James, address at Kingston, respect.

burgh to Philadelphia 365
ing Wyoming massacre

39 Pennsylvania college established
Meadville, singular marriage at


library of foreign literature,report of 342
cholera at


temperance society correspondence
Medical School of University of Pennsylvania,

with American colonization so.
history of


ciety about spirits being intro-
Memorial of Union Canal co. requesting money

duced into Liberia

in lieu of lottery privileges
334 Perkiomen bridge destroyed

Merrill, James, address to Union Agricultural Philadelpbia, procerdings of council 8 42 45 64 72
Society .


90 99 187 205 229 254 287 302 316 340
Meteorological observations at Pittsburg 32, 224, 240

Pennsylvania hospital, apply to


build sheds for cholera
Harrisburg 43, 115,

lot adjoining Race street wharf
173, 281, 368

not to be sold
Philadelphia 158, 199,

S. & M. Lewis exempted from or-
352, 357, 358, 368, 383, 416

dinance respecting frame buildings 43


Washington monument
Pottsville 222, 223

memorial of grand lodge on water

from gas works


memorial of N, Bunkcr on Locust
Militia system, report on


Mint, U. S., new, described


report on do
Monk, capture of the ship general


report of directors on poor lax
Mortality, remarkable "


improvemcnt of Schuylkill pro-
Muncey, lead mine discovered at


watering committee report on pur-

chase of some property at Fair
Naval Asylum, Philadelphia, described

Mount, and erection of ice breaker 43
Negro slavery, notices of, as connected with

committee to enquire into mode of
Pennsylvania, by Edward Bettle 327, 337

cleansing the streets, &c.
New Castle and Frenchtown rail road, trip on 247

lease of Lombard street wharf to
New-York, price of Liverpool coal at, from

committee for building new prison 44
1815 to 1832


report respecting purchase of the
Norristown, cholera near


improvements on drawbridge lot
Ashton street to be filled up

resolution for mayor to issue his
Paoli monument celebration


proclamation for fast-day, on the
Pattison, Dr. G, S., on cholera


appearance of cholera, offered
Penitentiary, discipline, essays on 150 170 177

Girard's legacy (which see)
eastern described


Cholera, see cholera
western, report of inspectors and

ordinance reported for laying out

Water streets

72 45

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Philadelphia, water from cellars on Dock street Philadelphia, West Philadelphia canal company
to be drawn off by pipes

ask aid from councils
denseness and filthiness of popu.

Philadelphia exchange company
lation in a part of Delaware

present plan for alteration of Dock


report of committee on Broad st.

report of watering commitee on
rail road
72 174 288

difficulties with Schuylkill navi-
application from Kensington for

gation company about locks
use of Schuylkill water

do. do. against making water-
letter from B. 'W. Clark in relation

rents a lien on property
to the market clock

portrait of Wm. Penn offered to
watering committee ask funds


sewer authorized in Schuylkill fifth Phillipsburgh, steamboat built at

and Lombard

Pittsburgh, meteorological observations at 32 224 240
executors of J. Wills wish satisfac.

described by Judge Hall
tion entered

account of Gen, Boquets expedition 101
direction of Wm. Penn

accident at a coal pit

Colonnade-row described

reminiscence of, Mr. Wilkin's

block committee complain of the

manufactures of, described

evil of building upon all the ground

cholera at

285 236
fire companies ask further aid 100 Poor tas, statement of 1832

resolution to extend improvements Port Carbon, described
for the sake of employing persons

new Presbyterian church at

eclipse of the sun observed at

accident with coal wagons

yellow fever of 1793, some statis. Post offices and masters in the state, list of 81 112
tics of

early, by W. Penn

Schuylkill permament bridge statis. Pottsville, increase of coal trade

tics of
145 179 193
notice of

letter from watering committee of

aurora borealis at

Kensington asking aid, stating diffi.

weather at

223 236
culties with Northern Liberties 173

accident in a coal pit

report and estimate of committee Prisons, miserable state of in 1770

on lighting city with gas 187 230 287 340 | Products, large

267 299 365
report of committee on application Proprietary claims, C. J. McKean's opinion in
of Kensington for Schuylkill water 188 1779

complaint of gas issuing through
sewer in Dock street and report 190 231
additional allowance to clerks of Rail roads-Westchester, car described 16, 109
council for extra labor


opened, and address 207
appropriations to fire companies 205

Mauch Chunk
tobacco inspection, act for

Broad-st., proceedings of council relat-
sale of Market street property 223

ing to
first stage from, to Reading


experiments on Baltimore and Ohio 75
assent to decision of jury in case of

Allegheny portage described 174, 336, 387
Coates street

New Castle and Frenchtown, trip on 247
Water street as laid out anew re-

Ithaca and Owego
corded in court of Q. S.


304, 386
two swans presented by capt. Gir-

Germantown and N. first trial of a lo.

comotive on
organization of new councils

of Schuylkill co.

John Swift elected mayor

| Rain water, phenomenon observed i 222
B. Duncan, sheriff,enters on duties 254 Rawle, Wm. addresses to Law Society 273, 289
public meeting in behalf of Cape | Reading, singular voyage of Gen. Keim ·

de Verd Islands


association for punishment of theft 206
standing committees


first stage between, and Philadelphia 223
lowering Chesnut street
288 Real estate, sales of

223, 304
taking down old engine house 288 Reports - Conestoga Navigation Company
commerce of


Union Benev. Assoc. Ladies' Branch 59
sales of real estate
223 301 on revised code,

76, 108, 321
proceedings relating death of

of the Education Committee of Cor.
Charles Carroll of c.. 327 340 416

contract for ice breaker, purchase

Drs. Jackson, Meigs, and Harlan, of
of lot &c. near Fairmount


visit to Canada respecting cho-
report of committee on West Phila.


152, 166
delphia canal


of Trenton and Delaware Falls Com.
report on city treasurer's office 340

digest of the ordinances ordered

of Committee on lighting the city
correspondence on death of Chas.

with gas


of Lady's Orphan Asylum in Library.
diary of the weather 1768 to 1772 352


St. John's Church, painting by

Union Benevolent Association

Monachesi exhibited

of Library and Reading Room Com-
alteration of the eastern front of

pany of Northern Liberties
the city according to P. Beck's

to councils on West Philadelphia
plan, recommended by board of

canal, subscription proposed


of Pennsylvania Library of Foreign
geology of

Literature and Science


C. 72, 173, 287


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Report, by S. Jackson, containing the princi · Tables, showing tolls received in different
pal facts connected with the preva-

years on the New-York, Schuylkill,
ience of cholera in Philadelphia,

and Pennsylvania canals


showing tolls, property, and passen-
Union Canal Company

gers conveyed, number of boats, &c.
Pennsylvania Horticultural Society's

on Pennsylvania Canal

showing amount of merchandize con-
of Medical Board on means of pre.

veyed on Pennsylvania Canal from
venting the introduction of malig-

Harrisburg E. and w.
nant diseases


do. do. from Pittsburg east-
of Canal Commissioners

386, 417

of Committee on alterations in relation

do do from Blairsville
to the Girard trusts, with two ordi-

do do. from Easton

393 Tobacco, anti, Society at Wilkesbarre
of Henry Toland on the condition of

inspection, act appointing in Philadel.
the U. S. Bank


of Watering Committee, respecting

Tomatos, large
Schuylkill Navigation Company

Towanda ,
412 Trance, case of, in Northern Liberties

on militia system
415 Trenton, hattle of

Revised code, report on

76, 108, 321

and Delaware Falls Company, report 160
Revolutionary patriots

159, 186, 224, 240 Turnpike, Milesburg and Smethport
Rittenhouse, David, biography

255 Tyson, Job R. historical account of punishments
Rush, Benjamin, biography


in Pennsylvania

U & V
Salt, statistics of manufactured, in Pennsylvania 111 Union Benevolent Association, ladies' report
quantity which passed on canal from Cone-

first annual report
maugh and Kiskiminitas

Canal Company, memorial on grant of
St. Clair, Gen. Anthony, monument erected to 365

money in lieu of lottery
Schools, charity, account of Society for the sup-


port of


meeting in Philadelphia vs. nullification 366
Medical University, history of

Mr. Keating's resolutions in the legisla-
Schuylkill Permanent Bridge, statistical account

ture on the
146, 179, 193, 213 Agricultural Society exhibition


285 town described
Company, difficulties be. United States Bank, see bank U.S.
tween and councils, re-

Veto of Fresident Jackson against bank U.S.
specting locks

412 | Voyage, singular, of Gen. Keim
coal trade, statistics of
Sergeant, Hon. John, address before Appren-

tices' Library Company
373 Washington, monument proceedings

9 11
Slavery, negro, in Pennsylvania, notices of 328 | Wayne, county, described
Smith, James, biography

Col. Isaac, presents relics from Gen. W's
Snakes in church at Allentown


Steamboat, very large, launched at Elizabeth West Chester rail road

16 109 2074


built at Phillipsburg


new Presbyterian church at 16 38
Stroudsburg, described


improvements in
Summit Hill, first marriage at


athenæum, receives relics of Gen. A.
Sunflower, a large


Susquehanna co. tour through

revolutionary patriots at

wolves almost extinct in


large produce of a piece of land at 336
Westmoreland county, census of

Wheat, remarkable
Tables of cholera cases and deaths · 74, 75, 93, 176 Whiskey insurrection 1794, account of
census of Westmoreland co.

76 Williamsport, meeting at, on coal transportation 246
locality of cholera cases
176, 93 / Will, Benjamin Franklin's

prisoners in Western Penitentiary

Elias Boudinot's
view of the eondition of the several

James Wills's

states in regard to the means of edu-

Wilkesbarre described

259 • proceedings at respect'g monument 13 38
view of the colleges in the United

death of a first settler
States, 1830

anti-tobacco meeting at
Theological Seminaries in U. States, | Wolf, governor's, proclamation for a fast day 64
&c. &c.

inaugural address of

Medical Schools do
Law Schools

265 Wyoming massacre, proceedings respecting
several relating to cholera in Philadel.


13 39
357, 356, 355, 354

list of officers slain at
finances of the state from 1828 to 1832 359

address of Rev. J. May
meteorological 32, 48, 115, 158, 173,

of Rev. N. Murray 53
22, 223, 224, 240, 281, 299,

336, 351, 357, 358, 568, 383 Yellow fever in Philadelphia, some data re.
dividing the state according to the

rivers, showing the population in

no. of houses open and shut, deaths 117
each, &c. &c.
407, 408 York county, caterpillars at


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From the new edition of Marshall's Life of Washington. patrick. Successful resistance to so great a force being WHISKEY INSURRECTION.

obviously impracticable, a parley took place, at which

the assaillants, after requiring that the inspector and all About this time, (1794,) the seditious and violent re. his papers should be delivered up, demanded that the sistance to the execution of the law imposing duties on party in the house should march out and ground their spirits distilled within the United States, had advanced arms. This being refused, the parley terminated and to a point in the counties of Pennsylvania lying west of the assault commenced. The action lasted until the the Allegheny mountains, which required the decisive assaillants set fire to several adjacent buildings, the interposition of government. Notwithstanding the mul- heat from which was so intense that the house could no tiplied outrages committed on the persons and proper- longer be occupied. From this cause, and from the apty of the revenue officers, and of those who seemed prehension that the fire would soon be communicated willing to submit to the law, yet in consequence of a to the main building, Major Kirkpatrick and his party steady adherence to the system of counteraction adopted surrendered by the Executive, it was visibly gaining ground, and The Marshal, and Colonel Pressly Nevil, were seizseveral distillers in the disaffected country, were obliged on their way to General Nevil's house, and detained ed to comply with its requisites. The opinion, that until two the next morning. The marshal especially, the persevering efforts of the administration would ul- | was treated with great rudeness. His life was frequenttimately prevail, derived additional support from the ly threatened, and was probably saved by the interpopassage of an act by the present Congress, containing sition of some leading individuals who possessed more those provisions which had been suggested by the chief humanity, or more prudence, than those with whom of the treasury department. The progress of this bill, they were associated. He could obtain his liberty only which became a law on the fifth of June, could not have by entering into a solemn engagement, which was guar. been unknown to the malcontents, nor could its proba. anteed by Colonel Nevil, to serve no more process on ble operation be misunderstood. They perceived that the western side of the Allegheny mountains. The a certain loss of a market for the article, added to the marshal and inspector having both retired to Pittsburg, penalties to which delinquents were liable, might gra. the insurgents deputed two of their body, one of whom dually induce a compliance on the part of distillers, un- was a justice of the peace, to demand that the former less they could, by a systematic and organized opposi- should surrender all his process, and that the latter tion, deprive the government of the means it employed should resign his office; threatening, in case of refusal, for carrying the law into execution.

to attack the place and seize their persons. These de. On the part of the Executive, this open defiance of mands were not acceded to; but Pittsburg, affording no the laws and of the authority of the government, was security, these officers escaped from the danger which believed imperiously to require, that the strength and ef. threatened them by descending the Ohio, after which ficacy of those laws should be tried. Against the per- they found their way by a circuitous route to the seat of petrators of some of the outrages which had been com- government. mitted, bills of indictment had been found in a court of The perpetrators of these treasonable practices, be. the United States, upon which process was directed to ing desirous to ascertain their strength, and discover issure, and at the same time, process was also issued any latent encmies who might remain unsuspected in against a great number of non-complying distillers. the bosom of the disaffected country, despatched a par

The marshal repaired in person to the country which ty which stopped the mail from Pittsburg to Philadelwas the scene of these disorders, for the purpose of phia, cut it open, and took out the letters which it conserving the processes. On the 15th of July, while in tained. In some of these letters, a direct disappro. the execution of his duty, he was beset hy a body of bation of the violent measures which had been adopted arined men, who'fired on him, but fortunately did him was avowed; and in others, expressions were used which no personal injury. At day break, the ensuing morn indicated unfriendly dispositions towards them. Upon ing, a party attacked the house of General Nevil, the acquiring this intelligence, delegates were deputed inspector; but he defended himself resolutely, and oblig. from the town of Washington to Pittsburg, where the ed the assailants to retreat. Knowing well that this at. writers of the offensive letters resided, to demand the tack had been preconcerted, and apprehending that it banishment of the offenders. A prompt obedience 10 would be repeated, he applied to the militia officers this demand was unavoidable; and the inhabitants of and magistrates of the country, for protection. The an. Pittsburg, who were convened on the occasion, engag. swer was that" owing to the too general combination of ed to attend a general meeting of the people, who were the people to oppose the revenue system, the laws to assemble the next day at Braddock's Field, in order could not be executed so as to afford him protection: to carry into effect such further measures as might be that should the posse comitatus be ordered out to sup- deemed advisable, with respect to the excise and its port the civil authority, they would favor the party of friends. They also determined to elect delegates to a the rioters."

convention, which was to meet on the fourteenth of Au. On the succeeding day, the insurgents re-assembled gust, at Parkinson's ferry. The avowed motives to to the number of about five hundred, to renew their at these outrages were to compel the resignation of all of. tack on the house of the inspector. That officer find. ficers engaged in the collection of the duties on distilled ing that no protection could be afforded by the civil au- spirits; to withstand by force of arms, the authority of thority, had applied to the commanding officer at Fort the United States; and thereby extort a repeal of the Pitt, and had obtained a detachment of eleven men law imposing those duties, and an alteration in the confrom that garrison, who wero joined by Major Kirk. duct of government.

VOL. X.,

Affidavits attesting this state of things, were laid be The secretary of the treasury, the secretary of war, fore the President.

and the attorney general, were of opinion, that the The opposition had now reached to a point which seem. President was bound by the most high and solemn obed to forbid the continuance of a temporizing system. ligations to employ the force which the legislature bad The efforts at conciliation, which, for more than three placed at his disposal, for the suppression of a criminal years, the government bad persisted to make, and the and unprovoked insurrection. The case contemplated alterations frequently introduced into the act, for the by congress bad clearly occurred; and the President was purpose of rendering it less exceptionable, instead of urged by considerations the most awful, to perform the diminishing the arrogance of those who opposed their duty imposed on him by the constitution, of providing, will to the sense of the nation, bad drawn forth senti- " that the laws be faithfully executed." The long forments, indicative of designs much deeper than the eva-hearance of government, and its patient endeavors to sion of a single act. The execution of the laws had recall the deluded people to a sense of their duty and been at length resisted by open force, and a determina interest, by appeals to their reason, had produced only tion to presevere in these measures, was unequivocally increase of violence, and a more determined opposition. avoved. The alternative of subduing this resistance, Perseverance in that system could only give a more exor of submitting to it, was presented to the government. tensive range to the disaffection, and multiply the dan

The act of Congress which provided for calling forth gers resulting from it. the militia, “to execute the laws of the Union, suppress Those who were of opinion that the occasion demandinsurroctions, and repel invasions,” required as a pre-ed a full trial of the ability of the government to enrequisite to the exercise of this power, " that an associ. force obedience to the laws, were also of opinion, that ate justice, or the judge of the district, should certify policy and humanity equally dictated the employment that the laws of the United States were opposed, or their of a force which would render resistance desperate. execution obstructed, by combinations too powerful to The insurgent country contained sixteen thousand men be suppressed by the ordinary course of judicial pro- able to bear arms; and the computation was, that they ceedings, or by the powers vested in the marshals.” In could bring seven thousand into the field. If the army the same act, it was provided, “ that if the militia of the of the government should amount to twelve thousand state where such combinations may happen, shall re- men, it would present an imposing force which the infuse, or be insuficient to repress the same, the Presi- surgents would not venture to meet. sident may employ the militia of other states!”

It was imposible that the President could hesitate to The evidence which had been transmitted to the Pre embrace the latter of these opinions. That a govern. sident was laid before one of the associate justices, who ment entrusted to him should be trampled under foot by gave the certificate, which enabled the chief magistrate a lawless section of the Union, which set at defiance the to employ the militia in aid of the civil power.

will of the nation, as expressed by its representatives, The executive being now authorised to adopt such was an abasement to which neither his judgment nor measures as the crisis might require, the subject was his feelings could submit. He resolved, therefore, to again seriously considered in the cabinet, and the go- issue the proclamation, which, by law, was to precede vernor of Pennsylvania was also consulted respecting the employment of force. it. To avoid military coercion, if obedience to the laws On the same day, a requisition was made on the go. could be produced by other means, was the universal vernors of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and wish; and therefore, all concurred in advising the ap- Virginia, for their several quota of militia to compose an pointment of commissioners from the government army of twelve thousand men, who were to be immediof both the Union and the State, who should warn the ately organized and prepared to march at a minute's deluded insurgents of the impending danger, and should warning convey a full pardon for past offences, upon the condi- ! While steps were taken to bring this force into the tion of future submission. But, respecting ulterior and field, a last effort was made to render its employment eventual measures, a difference of opinion prevailed. / unnecessary. Three distinguished and popular citizens The act already mentioned, made it the duty of the of Pennsylvania were deputed by the government to be President previous to the employment of military force, the bearers of a general amnesty for past offences, un to issue his proclamation, commanding the insurgents the sole condition of future obedience to the laws. to disperse within a limited time.

į It having been deemed advisable that the executive of The Secretary of State, (and the Governor of Penn- the state should act in concert with that of the United sylvania, is understood to have concurred with him,) States, Governor Mifflin also issued a proclamation, and was of opinion, that this conciliatory mission should be appointed commissioners tu act with those of the ge. unaccompanied by any measure which might wear the neral government. appearance of coercion. He was alarmed at the strengthi Meanwhile, the insurgents omitted nothing which of the insurgents, at their connexion with other parts might enlarge the circle of disaffection. Attempts were of the country, at the extensiveness of the prevailing made to embark the adjacent counties of Virgiria in discontents with the administration, and at the difficul their cause, and their violence was extended to Mor. ty and expense of bringing the militia into the field. gantown, at which place the inspector resided, who The governor of Pennsylvania having declared his opi- saved himself by night, and protected his property by nion, that the militia of that state, who could be drawn advertising on his own door, that he had resigned his forth, would be incompetent to enforce obedience, the office. They also made similar excursions into the -aid of the neighboring states would consequently he ne- contiguous counties of Pennsylvania, lying east of cessary. The secretary of state feared that the militia the Allegheny mountains, where numbers were ready to of the neighboring states would refuse to march, and join them. These deluded men, giving too much faith that, should he be mistaken in this, their compliance to the publications of democratic societies, and to the with the orders of the executive might be no less fatal furious sentiments of general hostility to the administrathan their disobedience. The introduction of a foreign tion, and particularly, to the internal taxes, with which militia into Pennsylvania, might greatly increase the dis. the papers in the opposition abounded, seemed to hava contents prevailing in that state. His apprehensions of entertained the opinion, that the great body of the peoa failure, in the attempt to restore tranquillity by coer-ple were ready to take up arms against their governcive means, were extreme; and the tremendous conse- ment, and that the resistance commenced by them quences of a failure were strongly depicted. From the would spread throughout the Union, and terminate in highly inflamed state of parties, he anticipated a civil a revolution. war, which would pervade the whole Union, and The convention at Parkinson's ferry had appointed a drench every part of it with the blood of American citi. committee of safety, consisting of sixty members, who zeite.

| chosc fifteen of their body, to confer with the commis.

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