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Law cases and intelligence-Rev. Dougherty vs. Penn, William, establishes post offices and rates
directions for settling a great town
notice of his arrival by friends
the grave of described
anniversary of landing celebrated 95
discourse before the society by P.
portrait of, offered to councils 412
tour from Buffalo to Philadelphia,
Wayne county described
post-offices and postmasters, list of
salt manufactured in, cost, quan-
tity and capital, &c.
punishments in, historical view of
proprietary claims, Thos. McKean's
Judicial history of
notices of negro slavery in, by
157 | Pennsylvania canal commissioners's report 385
celebration at Columbia 398
first boat from Huntingdon to
daily line of boats from Pitts-
burgh to Philadelphia 365
39 Pennsylvania college established
library of foreign literature,report of 342
temperance society correspondence
with American colonization so.
ciety about spirits being intro-
duced into Liberia
90 99 187 205 229 254 287 302 316 340
Pennsylvania hospital, apply to
build sheds for cholera
lot adjoining Race street wharf
not to be sold
S. & M. Lewis exempted from or-
dinance respecting frame buildings 43
memorial of grand lodge on water
from gas works
memorial of N, Bunkcr on Locust
report on do
report of directors on poor lax
improvemcnt of Schuylkill pro-
watering committee report on pur-
chase of some property at Fair
Mount, and erection of ice breaker 43
committee to enquire into mode of
cleansing the streets, &c.
lease of Lombard street wharf to
committee for building new prison 44
report respecting purchase of the
improvements on drawbridge lot
resolution for mayor to issue his
proclamation for fast-day, on the
appearance of cholera, offered
Girard's legacy (which see)
Cholera, see cholera
ordinance reported for laying out
Philadelphia, water from cellars on Dock street Philadelphia, West Philadelphia canal company
ask aid from councils
Philadelphia exchange company
present plan for alteration of Dock
report of watering commitee on
difficulties with Schuylkill navi-
gation company about locks
do. do. against making water-
rents a lien on property
portrait of Wm. Penn offered to
Pittsburgh, meteorological observations at 32 224 240
described by Judge Hall
account of Gen, Boquets expedition 101
accident at a coal pit
reminiscence of, Mr. Wilkin's
manufactures of, described
new Presbyterian church at
accident with coal wagons
aurora borealis at
accident in a coal pit
267 299 365
opened, and address 207
Broad-st., proceedings of council relat-
experiments on Baltimore and Ohio 75
Allegheny portage described 174, 336, 387
New Castle and Frenchtown, trip on 247
Ithaca and Owego
Germantown and N. first trial of a lo.
| Rain water, phenomenon observed i 222
association for punishment of theft 206
first stage between, and Philadelphia 223
Union Benev. Assoc. Ladies' Branch 59
76, 108, 321
of the Education Committee of Cor.
Drs. Jackson, Meigs, and Harlan, of
visit to Canada respecting cho-
of Trenton and Delaware Falls Com.
of Committee on lighting the city
of Lady's Orphan Asylum in Library.
Union Benevolent Association
of Library and Reading Room Com-
pany of Northern Liberties
to councils on West Philadelphia
canal, subscription proposed
of Pennsylvania Library of Foreign
Literature and Science
C. 72, 173, 287
Report, by S. Jackson, containing the princi · Tables, showing tolls received in different
years on the New-York, Schuylkill,
and Pennsylvania canals
showing tolls, property, and passen-
gers conveyed, number of boats, &c.
on Pennsylvania Canal
showing amount of merchandize con-
veyed on Pennsylvania Canal from
Harrisburg E. and w.
do. do. from Pittsburg east-
do do from Blairsville
do do. from Easton
393 Tobacco, anti, Society at Wilkesbarre
inspection, act appointing in Philadel.
76, 108, 321
and Delaware Falls Company, report 160
159, 186, 224, 240 Turnpike, Milesburg and Smethport
255 Tyson, Job R. historical account of punishments
U & V
first annual report
Canal Company, memorial on grant of
money in lieu of lottery
meeting in Philadelphia vs. nullification 366
Mr. Keating's resolutions in the legisla-
ture on the
285 town described
Veto of Fresident Jackson against bank U.S.
412 | Voyage, singular, of Gen. Keim
Col. Isaac, presents relics from Gen. W's
16 109 2074
new Presbyterian church at 16 38
athenæum, receives relics of Gen. A.
large produce of a piece of land at 336
76 Williamsport, meeting at, on coal transportation 246
259 • proceedings at respect'g monument 13 38
death of a first settler
anti-tobacco meeting at
inaugural address of
265 Wyoming massacre, proceedings respecting
list of officers slain at
address of Rev. J. May
of Rev. N. Murray 53
336, 351, 357, 358, 568, 383 Yellow fever in Philadelphia, some data re.
no. of houses open and shut, deaths 117
REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.
DEVOTED TO THE PRESERVATION OY EVERY KIND OF USEFUL INFORMATION RESPECTING THE STATE.
From the new edition of Marshall's Life of Washington. patrick. Successful resistance to so great a force being WHISKEY INSURRECTION.
obviously impracticable, a parley took place, at which
the assaillants, after requiring that the inspector and all About this time, (1794,) the seditious and violent re. his papers should be delivered up, demanded that the sistance to the execution of the law imposing duties on party in the house should march out and ground their spirits distilled within the United States, had advanced arms. This being refused, the parley terminated and to a point in the counties of Pennsylvania lying west of the assault commenced. The action lasted until the the Allegheny mountains, which required the decisive assaillants set fire to several adjacent buildings, the interposition of government. Notwithstanding the mul- heat from which was so intense that the house could no tiplied outrages committed on the persons and proper- longer be occupied. From this cause, and from the apty of the revenue officers, and of those who seemed prehension that the fire would soon be communicated willing to submit to the law, yet in consequence of a to the main building, Major Kirkpatrick and his party steady adherence to the system of counteraction adopted surrendered by the Executive, it was visibly gaining ground, and The Marshal, and Colonel Pressly Nevil, were seizseveral distillers in the disaffected country, were obliged on their way to General Nevil's house, and detained ed to comply with its requisites. The opinion, that until two the next morning. The marshal especially, the persevering efforts of the administration would ul- | was treated with great rudeness. His life was frequenttimately prevail, derived additional support from the ly threatened, and was probably saved by the interpopassage of an act by the present Congress, containing sition of some leading individuals who possessed more those provisions which had been suggested by the chief humanity, or more prudence, than those with whom of the treasury department. The progress of this bill, they were associated. He could obtain his liberty only which became a law on the fifth of June, could not have by entering into a solemn engagement, which was guar. been unknown to the malcontents, nor could its proba. anteed by Colonel Nevil, to serve no more process on ble operation be misunderstood. They perceived that the western side of the Allegheny mountains. The a certain loss of a market for the article, added to the marshal and inspector having both retired to Pittsburg, penalties to which delinquents were liable, might gra. the insurgents deputed two of their body, one of whom dually induce a compliance on the part of distillers, un- was a justice of the peace, to demand that the former less they could, by a systematic and organized opposi- should surrender all his process, and that the latter tion, deprive the government of the means it employed should resign his office; threatening, in case of refusal, for carrying the law into execution.
to attack the place and seize their persons. These de. On the part of the Executive, this open defiance of mands were not acceded to; but Pittsburg, affording no the laws and of the authority of the government, was security, these officers escaped from the danger which believed imperiously to require, that the strength and ef. threatened them by descending the Ohio, after which ficacy of those laws should be tried. Against the per- they found their way by a circuitous route to the seat of petrators of some of the outrages which had been com- government. mitted, bills of indictment had been found in a court of The perpetrators of these treasonable practices, be. the United States, upon which process was directed to ing desirous to ascertain their strength, and discover issure, and at the same time, process was also issued any latent encmies who might remain unsuspected in against a great number of non-complying distillers. the bosom of the disaffected country, despatched a par
The marshal repaired in person to the country which ty which stopped the mail from Pittsburg to Philadelwas the scene of these disorders, for the purpose of phia, cut it open, and took out the letters which it conserving the processes. On the 15th of July, while in tained. In some of these letters, a direct disappro. the execution of his duty, he was beset hy a body of bation of the violent measures which had been adopted arined men, who'fired on him, but fortunately did him was avowed; and in others, expressions were used which no personal injury. At day break, the ensuing morn indicated unfriendly dispositions towards them. Upon ing, a party attacked the house of General Nevil, the acquiring this intelligence, delegates were deputed inspector; but he defended himself resolutely, and oblig. from the town of Washington to Pittsburg, where the ed the assailants to retreat. Knowing well that this at. writers of the offensive letters resided, to demand the tack had been preconcerted, and apprehending that it banishment of the offenders. A prompt obedience 10 would be repeated, he applied to the militia officers this demand was unavoidable; and the inhabitants of and magistrates of the country, for protection. The an. Pittsburg, who were convened on the occasion, engag. swer was that" owing to the too general combination of ed to attend a general meeting of the people, who were the people to oppose the revenue system, the laws to assemble the next day at Braddock's Field, in order could not be executed so as to afford him protection: to carry into effect such further measures as might be that should the posse comitatus be ordered out to sup- deemed advisable, with respect to the excise and its port the civil authority, they would favor the party of friends. They also determined to elect delegates to a the rioters."
convention, which was to meet on the fourteenth of Au. On the succeeding day, the insurgents re-assembled gust, at Parkinson's ferry. The avowed motives to to the number of about five hundred, to renew their at these outrages were to compel the resignation of all of. tack on the house of the inspector. That officer find. ficers engaged in the collection of the duties on distilled ing that no protection could be afforded by the civil au- spirits; to withstand by force of arms, the authority of thority, had applied to the commanding officer at Fort the United States; and thereby extort a repeal of the Pitt, and had obtained a detachment of eleven men law imposing those duties, and an alteration in the confrom that garrison, who wero joined by Major Kirk. duct of government.
Affidavits attesting this state of things, were laid be The secretary of the treasury, the secretary of war, fore the President.
and the attorney general, were of opinion, that the The opposition had now reached to a point which seem. President was bound by the most high and solemn obed to forbid the continuance of a temporizing system. ligations to employ the force which the legislature bad The efforts at conciliation, which, for more than three placed at his disposal, for the suppression of a criminal years, the government bad persisted to make, and the and unprovoked insurrection. The case contemplated alterations frequently introduced into the act, for the by congress bad clearly occurred; and the President was purpose of rendering it less exceptionable, instead of urged by considerations the most awful, to perform the diminishing the arrogance of those who opposed their duty imposed on him by the constitution, of providing, will to the sense of the nation, bad drawn forth senti- " that the laws be faithfully executed." The long forments, indicative of designs much deeper than the eva-hearance of government, and its patient endeavors to sion of a single act. The execution of the laws had recall the deluded people to a sense of their duty and been at length resisted by open force, and a determina interest, by appeals to their reason, had produced only tion to presevere in these measures, was unequivocally increase of violence, and a more determined opposition. avoved. The alternative of subduing this resistance, Perseverance in that system could only give a more exor of submitting to it, was presented to the government. tensive range to the disaffection, and multiply the dan
The act of Congress which provided for calling forth gers resulting from it. the militia, “to execute the laws of the Union, suppress Those who were of opinion that the occasion demandinsurroctions, and repel invasions,” required as a pre-ed a full trial of the ability of the government to enrequisite to the exercise of this power, " that an associ. force obedience to the laws, were also of opinion, that ate justice, or the judge of the district, should certify policy and humanity equally dictated the employment that the laws of the United States were opposed, or their of a force which would render resistance desperate. execution obstructed, by combinations too powerful to The insurgent country contained sixteen thousand men be suppressed by the ordinary course of judicial pro- able to bear arms; and the computation was, that they ceedings, or by the powers vested in the marshals.” In could bring seven thousand into the field. If the army the same act, it was provided, “ that if the militia of the of the government should amount to twelve thousand state where such combinations may happen, shall re- men, it would present an imposing force which the infuse, or be insuficient to repress the same, the Presi- surgents would not venture to meet. sident may employ the militia of other states!”
It was imposible that the President could hesitate to The evidence which had been transmitted to the Pre embrace the latter of these opinions. That a govern. sident was laid before one of the associate justices, who ment entrusted to him should be trampled under foot by gave the certificate, which enabled the chief magistrate a lawless section of the Union, which set at defiance the to employ the militia in aid of the civil power.
will of the nation, as expressed by its representatives, The executive being now authorised to adopt such was an abasement to which neither his judgment nor measures as the crisis might require, the subject was his feelings could submit. He resolved, therefore, to again seriously considered in the cabinet, and the go- issue the proclamation, which, by law, was to precede vernor of Pennsylvania was also consulted respecting the employment of force. it. To avoid military coercion, if obedience to the laws On the same day, a requisition was made on the go. could be produced by other means, was the universal vernors of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and wish; and therefore, all concurred in advising the ap- Virginia, for their several quota of militia to compose an pointment of commissioners from the government army of twelve thousand men, who were to be immediof both the Union and the State, who should warn the ately organized and prepared to march at a minute's deluded insurgents of the impending danger, and should warning convey a full pardon for past offences, upon the condi- ! While steps were taken to bring this force into the tion of future submission. But, respecting ulterior and field, a last effort was made to render its employment eventual measures, a difference of opinion prevailed. / unnecessary. Three distinguished and popular citizens The act already mentioned, made it the duty of the of Pennsylvania were deputed by the government to be President previous to the employment of military force, the bearers of a general amnesty for past offences, un to issue his proclamation, commanding the insurgents the sole condition of future obedience to the laws. to disperse within a limited time.
į It having been deemed advisable that the executive of The Secretary of State, (and the Governor of Penn- the state should act in concert with that of the United sylvania, is understood to have concurred with him,) States, Governor Mifflin also issued a proclamation, and was of opinion, that this conciliatory mission should be appointed commissioners tu act with those of the ge. unaccompanied by any measure which might wear the neral government. appearance of coercion. He was alarmed at the strengthi Meanwhile, the insurgents omitted nothing which of the insurgents, at their connexion with other parts might enlarge the circle of disaffection. Attempts were of the country, at the extensiveness of the prevailing made to embark the adjacent counties of Virgiria in discontents with the administration, and at the difficul their cause, and their violence was extended to Mor. ty and expense of bringing the militia into the field. gantown, at which place the inspector resided, who The governor of Pennsylvania having declared his opi- saved himself by night, and protected his property by nion, that the militia of that state, who could be drawn advertising on his own door, that he had resigned his forth, would be incompetent to enforce obedience, the office. They also made similar excursions into the -aid of the neighboring states would consequently he ne- contiguous counties of Pennsylvania, lying east of cessary. The secretary of state feared that the militia the Allegheny mountains, where numbers were ready to of the neighboring states would refuse to march, and join them. These deluded men, giving too much faith that, should he be mistaken in this, their compliance to the publications of democratic societies, and to the with the orders of the executive might be no less fatal furious sentiments of general hostility to the administrathan their disobedience. The introduction of a foreign tion, and particularly, to the internal taxes, with which militia into Pennsylvania, might greatly increase the dis. the papers in the opposition abounded, seemed to hava contents prevailing in that state. His apprehensions of entertained the opinion, that the great body of the peoa failure, in the attempt to restore tranquillity by coer-ple were ready to take up arms against their governcive means, were extreme; and the tremendous conse- ment, and that the resistance commenced by them quences of a failure were strongly depicted. From the would spread throughout the Union, and terminate in highly inflamed state of parties, he anticipated a civil a revolution. war, which would pervade the whole Union, and The convention at Parkinson's ferry had appointed a drench every part of it with the blood of American citi. committee of safety, consisting of sixty members, who zeite.
| chosc fifteen of their body, to confer with the commis.