Travels and Discoveries in North and Central Africa: Being a Journal of an Expedition Undertaken Under the Auspices of H.B.M.'s Government, in the Years 1849-1855
Born in Hamburg, Henry (Heinrich) Barth (1821-1865) studied history, archaeology, geography and Arabic. He joined James Richardson's 1849 expedition to Africa, which aimed to open the interior to trade and to study slavery. Following the deaths of Richardson (1851) and his colleague Overweg (1852), Barth led the expedition alone. His travels extended to Lake Chad in the east, Cameroon in the south and Timbuktu in the west. He was the first European to use the oral traditions of the local tribes for historical research, learning several African languages, and studying the history, resources and civilisations of the people he encountered. Barth's five-volume account includes plates, engravings and detailed annotated maps. Published in both English and German in 1857-1858, it is still regarded as a major source on African culture. Volume 2 describes the settlements and peoples found on the journey from Kano to the shore of Lake Chad.
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The Capital of Bornu 283
ILtusa Hist0ry and Description of Kétsena Entry into
My Friends The Arab Ahmed bel Mejﬁb The P6110 Ibrahim from
Adamawa Mohammedan Settlements in the Heart
The Tszid 319
Setting out on my Journey to AdamtWa The Flat
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A’damawa afternoon Arabs arrive Bagirmi Bawu Bénuwé Berber Bérnu Billama Bornu Bornu empire Bulala called camels caravan cattle CHAP cheerful chief clay wall colour companion conﬁrmed considerable corn courtyard cultivated day’s distance district east Edris Elaiji encamped expedition feet Fﬁlbe ﬁelds ﬁfty ﬁnd ﬁne ﬁrst ﬁve forest formed Fulbe ghaladima governor ground Hausa Hausa language horse hour hundred huts immense important inhabitants journey Kané Kanem Kano Kanuri Katsena king komadugu Kukawa kurdi Kwara length Makrizi Mallem Maradi Marghi mayo mayo Kébbi miles Mohammed morning Mount mountain native Negroland noon o’clock Overweg pagan passed Pﬁllo present prince province Pullo quarters rainy season reached reign residence river road scarcely seems sheikh side slaves Sokoto soon Tasawa Tawarek Timbuktu tion town traveller trees tribe troop village vizier Waday whole Wukari Zinder