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NATURAL HISTORY LORE AND LEGEND

NATURAL HISTORY

LORE AND LEGEND

BEING SOME FEW EXAMPLES OF QUAINT AND BY-GONE BELIEFS

GATHERED IN FROM DIVERS AUTHORITIES, ANCIENT AND

MEDIÆVAL, OF VARYING DEGREES OF RELIABILITY

BY

F. EDWARD HULME, F.L.S., F.S.A.

AUTHOR OF

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· WAYSIDE SKETCHES," SUGGESTIONS IN FLORAL DESIGN," "FAMILIAR
WILD FLOWERS," AND DIVERS OTHER BOOKS THAT NEED NOT

HERE BE SET FORTH

As some delighte moste to beholde

Eche newe devyse and guyse,
So some in workes of fathers olde
Their studies exercise."
Historicall Expostulation" of John Halle,

Chyrurgeon, A.D. 1565

BERNARD QUARITCH
15 PICCADILLY, LONDON

1895

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Mediæval naturalists honest searchers after truth-Sir

Emerson Tennant thereupon-Recent discoveries

confirm

many

statements

contested-

“Travellers’tales "— Mediæval natural history largely

based upon ancient-Difference of aim between

modern and ancient and mediæval nature-study—The

moral treatment—Illustrations from the “Speculum

Mundi"-Falsification of natural facts justified by

the ecclesiastics—Ready credulity a mediæval charac-

teristic—Two examples thereof—The love of the

marvellous-Astrological influences—The mental

equipment of a mediæval surgeon-Quaint book

titles - The unchanging East-Suttee, Juggernaut,

&c. in the pages of mediæval writers—The “Mirabilia

descripta" of Bishop Jordanus—The “ Voiage and

Travaile” of Maundevile—The coca plant- Burton's

“ Miracles of Art and Nature”—The “ Historia

Mundi” of Pliny-English editions of it—Herodotus

—The writings of Aristotle—The sources of infor-

mation in the Middle Ages—The praise of books,

Books of travel–Munster's “ Cosmography”—The

interest and beauty of old title-pages-Elephants in

lieu of towns in the old maps-A tale of a tub-

Herbert's Some Yeares Travels into Africa and

Asia the Great”—The travels of Marco Polo-

Geography of Peter Heylyn-Raleigh's, Hakluyt's,

Purchas', Struys', Acosta's books of travels—Medical

books — Potter's “ Booke of Physicke”—Cogan's

“Haven of Health”—Indifference to animal suffering

“Bestiare Divin of Guillaume—The “Bestiary

of Philip de Thaun—The Armories of Guillim, Legh,

and Bossewell

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