Berossos and Manetho, Introduced and Translated: Native Traditions in Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt
Berossos and Manetho begins with a general introduction to the cultural history of ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt. It then presents a translation of the only known native narratives, written in Greek, of the histories of these two civilizations. The priest Berossos chronicled the past of ancient Babylon from the mythical creation of the world down to Alexander the Great's conquest in the fourth century b.c.e. For Egypt, the scribe Manetho's list of rulers from the reigns of the gods down to Alexander's conquest remains the basis for the dynastic arrangement of the pharaohs that is still used today.
Berossos and Manetho offers particular emphasis on and discussion of the languages and scripts used to preserve the glorious past of these lands. Each author receives his own special introduction, which describes his life, the sources of his History, the nature and content of his writings, and his goals and accomplishments. There follows a translation of all the surviving ancient information about each author, and of all that can be recovered of his writings. For the first time, Berossos and Manetho--priests and contemporaries who write just when their lands had been pushed into Hellenization--have been translated in one volume.
This volume will appeal to all people interested in ancient Israel, Greek history, and ancient history in general.
Gerald P. Verbrugghe is Associate Professor of History, Rutgers University. John M. Wickersham is Professor of Classics and Classics Department Chairperson, Ursinus College.
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A E arm Abydenos Africanus Akkadian Alexander Alexandria Altogether they ruled Amenophis Apionem Against Apion Aramaic Armenian translation Beros Berossos Berossos and Manetho Berossos's History Book of Sothis called century A.D. Chaldean Chronographica Chronological Excerpts contra Apionem cuneiform Dareios demigods Dynasty E(arm Ecloga Chronographica Chronological Egyptians Esarhaddon Eusebius Eusebius Chronicon Eusebius Praeparatio Evangelica FGrHist Flood gods Greek Hephaistos Herodotus hide et Osiride historians History of Egypt Horus Hyksos Josephus Josephus Antiquitates Judaicae Josephus contra Apionem Kambyses Karst kings from Diospolis Kings of Babylon language Manetho Manetho's History Marduk Medes Memphis mentioned Mesopotamia millennium B.C. modern months moon Naboukhodonosoros narrative native Neferkare ofSothis Osiris Panodoros Persian Plutarch Polyhistor FGrHist 273 Praeparatio Evangelica preserved Pseudo-Manetho Book Ptolemy Ramesses records reign ruler saroi script Sebennytos Senakheirimos Sennacherib Shepherds Sothis sources Sumerian King-List survives sync Syncellus Ecloga Chronographica Syncellus's temple Total Turin Royal Canon Typhon writing wrote Xisouthros XVIII