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beheld with bitterness the forest disappearing beneath the settler's axe

- the fishing-place disturbed by his saw-mills ? Can we not fancy the feelings with which some strongminded savage,


company with a friendly settler, contemplating the progress already made by the white man, and marking the gigantic strides with which he was advancing into the wilderness, would fold his arms and say,

" White man, there is eternal war between me and thee! I quit not the land of my fathers, but with my life. In those woods, , where I bent my youthful bow, I will still hunt the deer ; over yonder waters I will still glide unrestrained in my bark canoe. By those dashing waterfalls I will still lay up my winter's store of food; on these fertile meadows I will still plant my corn. Stranger, the land is mine. I understand not these paper rights. I gave not my consent, when, as thou sayest, these broad regions were purchased for a few bawbles, of my fathers. They could sell what was theirs; they could sell no more. How could my father sell that which the Great Spirit sent me into the world to live upon ? They knew not what they did. The stranger came, a timid suppliant, and asked to lie down on the red man's bear-skin, and warm, himself at the red man's fire, and have a little piece of land, to raise corn for his women and children; and now he is become strong, and mighty, and bold, and spreads out his parchment over the whole, and says, 'It is mine.' Stranger, there is not room for us both. The Great Spirit has not made us to live together. There is poison in the white man's cup; the white man's dog barks at the red man's heels. If I should leave the land of my fathers, whither shall I fly? Shall I go to the south, and dwell among


graves of the Pequots ? Shall I wander to the west, — the fierce Mohawk — the man-eater — is my foe. Shall I fly to the east, the great water is before me. No, stranger ; here I have lived, and here will I die; and if here thou abidest, there is eternal war between me and thee. Thou hast taught me thy arts of destruction; for that alone I thank thee; and now take heed to thy steps: the red man is thy foe. When thou goest forth by day, my bullet shall whistle by thee; when thou liest down at night, my knife is at thy throat. The noonday sun shall not discover thy enemy, and the darkness of midnight shall not protect thy rest. Thou shalt plant in terror, and I will reap in blood ; thou shalt sow the earth with corn, and I will strew it with ashes; thou shalt go forth with the sickle, and I will follow after with the scalping-knife; thou shalt build, and I will burn, — till the white man or the Indian shall cease from the land. Go thy way for this time in safety; but remember, stranger, there is eternal war between me and thee!"


151. Bernardo del Carpio.

The warrior bowed his crested head, and tamed his heart of fire,
And sued the haughty king to free his long-imprisoned sire :
“ I bring thee here my fortress keys; I bring my captive train ,
I pledge thee faith, my liege, my lord! - O, break my father's chain."

“ Rise ! rise ! even now thy father comes, a ransomed man this day;
Mount thy good steed, and thou and I will meet him on his way.
Then lightly rose that loyal son, and bounded on his steed,
And urged, as if with lance in rest, his charger's foaming speed.

And, lo! from far, as on they pressed, they met a glittering band,
With one that 'midst them stately rode, like a leader in the land :
Now haste, Bernardo, haste! for there, in very truth, is he,
The father, whom thy grateful heart hath yearned so long to see.

His dark eye flashed, his proud breast heaved, his cheek's blood eame

and went; He reached that gray-haired chieftain's side, and there, dismounting, A plume waved o'er the noble brow; that brow was fixed and white, He met at length his father's eyes, but in them was no sight!

bent; A lowly knee to earth he bent; his father's hand he took ;What was there in its touch, that all his fiery spirit shook ?

That hand was cold, a frozen thing; it dropped from his like lead, He looked up to the face above; the face was of the dead;

Up from the ground he sprang, and gazed; but who can paint that

gaze? They hushed their very hearts who saw its horror and amaze; They might have chained him, as before that stony form he stood ; For the power was stricken from his arm, and from his lip the


“ Father!” at length he murmured low, and wept like childhood then
Talk not of grief till thou hast seen the tears of warlike men :
He thought of all his glorious hopes, of all his young renown,
He flung the falchion from his side, and in the dust sat down;

Then, covering with his steel-gloved hands his darkly-mournful brow,
“ No more, there is no more,” he said, “ to lift the sword for now;
My king is false, my hope betrayed, my father — 0, the worth,
The glory, and the loveliness, are past away from earth.”

Then starting from the ground once more, he seized the monarch’ó

rein, Amidst the pale and wildered looks of all the courtier train, And, with a fierce, o'ermastering grasp, the rearing war-horse led, And sternly set them face to face, the king before the dead.

“Came I not forth, upon thy pledge, my father's hand to kiss ?
Be still, and gaze thou on, false king; and tell me, what is this ?
The voice, the glance, the heart I sought; give answer—where are they:
If thou wouldst clear thy perjured soul, send life through this cold clay.

“Into these glossy eyes put light; be still, keep down thine ire;
Bid these cold lips a blessing speak, this earth is not my sire;
Give me back him for whom I fought, for whom my blood was shed •
Thou canst not- and a king ? - his dust be mountains on thy head!”

He loosed the steed; his slack hand fell, - upon the silent face
He cast one long, deep, troubled look — then turned from that sad

His hope was crushed, his after-fate untold in martial strain, -
His banner led the spears no more amidst the hills of Spain !



1. A Primitive word is not derived from any simpler word; as, sweet, tract.

2. A Derivative word is formed from a primitive word by prefixing or adding a syllable; as, sweeten, attract.

3. The Radical or Essential part of a word is called a root; as, joy, joyful; clüd, in ex-clude, ex-clu-sion.

4. A Root is modified or restricted in sense by a Prefix or Postfix; as, fit, un-fit, not fit; anim, life, anim-ate, having life, in-anim-ate, not haying life.

5. A Prefix is a syllable or particle placed before a root to vary its sense; as, un, not, in un-seen, not seen; ex, out, in ex-clude, to shut out.

6. A Postfix, or Termination, is a syllable added to the root to vary its signification; as, ful, in hope-ful, full of hope; al, in fin-al, belonging to the end.

In a few cases, however, the prefix and postfix do not affect the meaning of the root; un, in un-loose ; dis, in dis-sever; be, in be-deck


7. A signifies on, in, to, at; as, afoot, on foot; abed, in bed; afield, to the field; afar, at a distance.

8. A, An, not, without; as, anarchy, not a government; anonymous, without a name; apathy, without feeling.

9. A, AB, ABS, from, or away; as, avert, to turn from; absolve, to loose or free from; abstract, to draw from; aberration, a wandering away.

10. Ad, and its forms, A, AC, AF, AG, AL, AN, AP, AR, As, Ar, signify to; as, advert, to turn to ; ascend, to climb to; accept, to take to; affix, to fix to; aggravate, to make heavy to; allow, to grant to; annihilate, to bring to nothing; append, to hang to; arrogate, to ask or assume to; assimilate, to make like to; attract, to draw to.

11. AM, AMB, about, or around; as, amputate, to cut around; ambition, a going about for preferment.

12. AMPHI, both; as, amphibious, living both on land and in water.

13. Ana, up, through, back; as, anatomy, a cutting through or up; as, analysis, a separating into parts or first principles. 14. ANTE, before; as, antecedent, going before.

16. ANTI, Ant, against, opposite; as, antipathy, a feeling against; ant. arctic, opposite to the Arctic or North.

16. APO, AP, from, away; as, aphelion, distant from the sun; apostasy, a standing from.

17. BE, to make; sometimes by, near, close, about, for; as, besiege, to enclose.

18. CATA, down; as, cataract, a falling down.
19. CIRCUM, round about; as, circumnavigate, to sail round.

20. Con, and its forms, Co, Cog, Col, Com, Cor, signify together, with; as, conform, to comply with ; cooperate, to work with or together; collect, to gather together; compassion, suffering or feeling with; corroborate, to make strong together.

21. CONTRA, against; as, contradict, to say or speak against.

22. COUNTER, against, back; as, counterbalance, to balance against countermarch, to march back.

23. De, down, or from; as, deject, to cast down; depart, to go from.

24. Dia, Di, through, apart; as, diæresis, taking apart; diameter, a measure through.

25. Dis, and its forms, DI, DIF, signify asunder, from, not, undo; as, dispel, to drive asunder; disarm, to take arms from ; disbelieve, not to believe; differ, to bear asunder; digress, to go asunder.

26. E, Ex, and its forms, Ec, EF, signify out, out of, beyond; as, e-mit, to send out; ex-clude, to shut out; effusion, a pouring out.

27. En, Em, in, on, make; as, enclose, to shut in; enable, to make able; embark, to go on shipboard.

28. EPI, upon; as, epitaph, an inscription upon a tomb.

29. EXTRA, beyond, excess; as, extraordinary, beyond or more than ordinary.

30. FORE, before; as, foretell, to tell before; forerunner, that runs before.

31. HYPER, above, over, or beyond; as, hypercritical, critical over or beyond what is just.

32. Hypo, under; as, hypothesis, a placing under.

33. In, and its forms, IG, IL, IM, IR, before an adjective, signify not; as, invisible, not visible; illegal, not lawful; irregular, not regular.

34. In, and its forms, IL, IN, IR, before a verb, signify in, into, on, or upon; as, inject, to cast into; illume, to put light into; insist, to stand on; import, to bring in.

35. INTER, between, among; as, interpose, to place between ; intermix

to mix among.

36. Mis, ill, wrong; as, misconduct, ill conduct; misguide, to guide wrong.

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