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intimate pictures of grim John Milton; Poe's "Tales of Mystery and lmagination," with an introduction by Padraic Colum; Jules Verne's famous and bewildering tale "Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea"; and Florence Converse's romance of the England of Chaucer and Langland, "Long Will." Here is a variety which attests the broad scope of the Library.

S. MacNaughtan's "The Expensive Miss Du Cane" instantly challenges comparison with two other stories. Mr. F. J. Stlmson's "in Cure of her Soul," and Miss Cecily Hamilton's "Diana of Dobson's," in which a poor girl, by lavish expenditure of money coming into her hands by chance, secures an opportunity to masquerade as a lily of the field, but it is much more agreeable than either of its predecessors. The American author found the substance of his story in real life, and it is said that Miss Hamilton was similarly fortunate; both of their heroines desired to shine in society to which they had no natural right to be admitted, and curiosity was the warmest sentiment which either of them could evoke. Miss Du Cane, apparently condemned by her widowed mother's foolish second marriage and chronic bad health to a life of obscure drudgery, contrives, by the help of an influential friend, to secure an annual respite of three months, during which she is a much desired and extremely well-dressed visitor at the houses of her friends, and spends every penny of her personal income. She is an altogether charming girl; gentle, unselfish, courteous, charitable, with a voice as beautiful as her face, and naturally Geoffrey Arkwright, who after some years of hard work has succeeded to a fortune large enough to support a bachelor, is much chagrined when he discovers that she is not the wealthy young person indicated by her dress and by her habits as far as he knows

thom. He behaves according to his kind and she according to hers, and their friends the guests at a country house play chorus. The company is remarkable; each one a twentieth century type and none profligate. lt is good to find a British writer who can believe in the possibility of such a group, and very good to note that his book is far more attractive than the scores which mimic the Lettered Elizabeth. E. P. Dutton & Co.

lf Mr. Lauchlan Maclean Watt's "Attic and Elizabethan Tragedy" were shorn of its long translated and quoted passages its bulk would be greatly diminished and it might be more effective with those fully qualified to judge of its subject matter, but the presence of these passages opens the book to all readers of English, so ample are they and so well interpreted. The volume is about equally divided between its two topics, the two developments of the drama being conceived by the author to originate in similar circumstances, among races for the time at least resembling one another in passions, feelings and hopes and in the high subjects towards which their thoughts were turned. The tragedies of the Atreidae, the Labdacl and of the Heracleldae are taken in groups, and the few on miscellaneous topics are set in separate chapters. Shakespeare occupies nearly all the space allotted to the Elizabethans although Mr. Watt renders due homage to the pathetic shade of Marlowe, dead ere his prime, and sketches both Peele and Greene with feeling and taste. Summary the book has none, nor can it be thought to need any, for its subjects are sufficiently linked by the introduction, and the cursory verification of the principles therein enunciated is ample. Mr. Watt's translations or paraphrases, as he truly calls them, are great improvements on many accepted versions. E. P. Dutton & Co.

Tssstxu''" } M>- 3361 December 5, 1908. { Fv0oy. Ccllx"0

I. The Problem of the Near East. By Calchas


II. Of a Spinning Wheel and a Rifle. By J. H. Toxall, M. P. .

Cobhhill Magazine 591

III. Sally: A Study. Chapter VIIL By Hugh Clifford, C. II. Q. (To be

continued.) Blackwood's Magazine 599

IV. Prom a Poor Man's House. Chapters III and IV. By Stephen

Reynolds. (To be concluded.) . Albany Review 603 V. The Waning of the Punster. By Sir Francis Burnand .

Pall Mall Magazine 608 VI. Marietta's Miracle: A Footnote to History. By Harrison Rhodes

Cornhill Magazine 616 VII. Future Prospect of Japanese Christianity. By Sakunoshin Mo

toda International 623

VIII. National Character in Art. By Laurence Binyon ....

Saturday Review 627

X. Heart of Fire Nation 629

X. A Hubbub of Words Spectator 632


XI. Compensations. By Dorothy Nevile Lees Pall Mall Magazine 578

XII. A Ballade. Academy 578

XIII. The Good Moment. By Gerald Gould Fortnightly Review 578


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What care i for the bitter things men say, Tin; slanderous idle talk, the foolish words, Whilst I may listen to the song of birds? Best let the world pursue its noisy way. Does not the wind yet murmur in the trees, The water flow With soothing music? So I let them go, And fill my soul with voices such as these.

What though the room be narrow where I dwell, Or hard conditions bound my life as bars? Have I not yet the shining of the stars, . . . That multitude which never man could tell? Have i not still my blue Italian sky, My olive trees,

In terraced rows that whiten in the breeze, And are not these enough for such as I?

Why should I vex my soul for outward things? My room is narrow . . . but the world is wide. Few things i own . . . and yet um satisfied, For Nature gives to beggars as to kings. While for the world, . . . though it may slander, blame, I heed it not:

Such transient sound is easily forgot: . . . The wind, the sea, the stars, are yet the same.

Dorothy Nevile Lees.

The Pall Mall Magatine.


That pace the green mound to and fro
Till all their drifting petals rest,
Blurred heaps of red and white, below
His—"Dulce et decorum est—"

1 wonder, was it sweet to die? For just an English lad, you know, Straight, sure of foot, and keen of eye—
Such stuff as country homesteads grow—
With somewhat of his childhood's glow
Half sobered by his manhood's zest—?
Ah think! Against it all to throw
His—"Dulce et decorum est—!"

i wonder if the heart was high, Exultant, when the life was low,

If all his thirsting agony Dragged downwards into darkness so, Or wailing, in some helpless woe, Of orchards in his quiet west, And women, who believed, we trow, His—"Dulce et decorum est—"Boy-brother, do the buds they strow, Does all this ordered calm attest A something? Then I think they show This—"Dulce et decorum est—"The Academy.

Gray towers, and a gray-blue sky, And loot of little leaves that go Like ghosts of buried children by, Unguthered where the breezes blow;


Here are the heights and spaces—here, in view Of love and death, the silence and the sky, We are content to put contentment by And work our sad salvation out anew: Here all mean ways of living, all untrue Measures of life, are done with—you and i Can gauge our deeds by God's eternity, And find the right a simple thing to do. But when the uplifting moment passes—when The pitiful happenings of every day Encompass us, and windy words of men, Will not the years beset, perhaps betray? —Now, 'tis not hard to plan the perfect way; Will it be easy to walk in it then? Gerald Gould.

The Fortnightly Review.


The courses of domestic and foreign affairs are more or less connected in every country, but nowhere so intimately as in the Dual Monarchy. Nearly all its peoples have their racial centre of gravity outside its frontiers. On every side external events may exercise the most vital internal effect. The transformation of Austria proper by the introduction of universal suffrage has been recognized. lf it had been realized that as a matter of course these internal changes must exercise a strong and, perhaps, decisive influence upon external policy, the surprises of the last few weeks would have been received with less amazement. British public opinion, and even British policy, would have found themselves better prepared. Baron Aehrenthal's diplomatic antagonists might have riposted with a surer hand. Sufficient warning might well indeed have taken from Baron Aehrenthal's action in securing the right of direct railway communication from Salonika; from the vigor and obstinacy of his resistance to Sir Edward Grey's projects for Macedonian reform. These things, however, were regarded as the evidences of mere obstructiveness rather than as the serious signs that an innovating, an adventurous, and even an aggressive rigime had been introduced at the Ballplatz. The internal distractions of Austria-Hungary, it was passively assumed, would still incapacitate that power for positive action abroad. The venerable maxim was repeated that from the Hapsburg point of view, even more unconditionally than from the British, peace must be regarded as the greatest of interests, and peace at any price must be maintained. However sweeping might be the trinmph within the monarchy of the democratic spirit, it was held, in a word, that Austria-Hun

gary was condemned among the Great Powers to a r0lt of compulsory conservatism. However unpalatable to the recipients might be the most maladroit of all the German Emperor's compliments, the policy of Vienna could never be more than "a brilliant second" to that of Berlin, and could not again play an initiating r6te in Europe. The events of a single week have swept away that assumption. Austria has shown that she can still act, and has dared to act with a vengeance.

The Dual Monarchy was supposed to be of all Powers the most anxiously concerned for the preservation of the status quo. it is Austria which has destroyed the diplomatic basis upon which that status reposed. Without the assurance of Austrian support Bulgaria would not have risked a daring coup. Then followed the annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in repudiation not only of the general engagement to Europe by the Berlin Treaty, but of the pledges to Turkey contained in the secret clause of 1878, and repeated with less emphasis in the Convention of 1879. ln preparing this action Baron Aehrenthal took certain Powers into his confidence, but not others. This country was conspicuously ignored. Not only so. Baron Aehrenthal's refusal to regard our signature to the Treaty of Berlin as a matter of practical importance is described by the organs of the Ballplatz as a deliberate blow at British influence. The AustroHungarlan Minister must have been perfectly well aware that the Servian race—already as effectually vivisected by the original occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina as was Poland by the first partition—would be thrown into a perilous agitation which would not soon subside; that Montenegro and Crete would repudiate in their turn such clauses of the Berlin Treaty as affected them; that in view of the relations existing between Turkey and Bulgaria the peace of all Europe would hang upon a hair; that a heavy blow would be struck at the prestige of the reform movement in the Ottoman Empire; that the danger of a Mussulman reaction, almost certain in any case to lift its head sooner or later, would be hastened and increased. All this Baron Aehrentlml well knew.

If this were all, it would argue that external affairs at Vienna are once more in the hands of a personality to be reckoned with, and capable of actiou certain to disturb Europe to its depths. The Neue Freie Presse, once more a semi-official organ, not obscurely hints that all contingencies have been considered and provided for with trinmphant ability; that more far-reaching plans than the world generally suspects have been framed; that the epoch of passive adhesion to the status quo is at an end for more than one Power. This is not directly stated, but this or nothing is meant by the unmistakable suggestion of the Neue Freie Presse that M. Isvolsky and Baron Aehrenthal have arrived at a tacit but tolerably comprehensive understanding.

Many ninepins have gone down before the balls set rolling by Baron v. AehrenthaL The tumult that now prevents a clear survey will pass away. Then it will perhaps be seen that new connections between the nations have become necessary, and that an AustriaHungary which does not mean to go to Salonika, will probably be more powerful in the Balkans than before. If we could only live to see what the memoirs will have to say as to the conversation between Baron v. Aehrenthal and M. Isvolsky at Buchlau! The discussion was perhaps not so important as at the memorable interview between the Emperors at Alexandrovo, where the germ of the Double Insurance Treaty between Germany and Russia was already dimly revealed.

Nevertheless, important traces upon the relations between Austria and Russia will remain from Buchlau. Changes are preparing, and the great interests brought into play show to the world that the policy of ententes has arrived at its turning point.

This may be no more than a verbal game of diplomatic bluff rather poorly played by the sort of journalism that is more vivacious than adroit. But it would be unwise to underestimate the usefuiness of the indications it affords. it may exaggerate Baron Aehrenthal's ability, and distort his achievements out of all proportion to the facts, but it had better be taken as a fairly clear guide to the mind and temperament of the Austro-Hungarian Foreign Minister. To acquire a closer view of his position and purposes we must go a little back.

On October 22nd, 1906, almost exactly two years ago, Count Goluchowski was threatened by an adverse vote in the delegations, and resigned after many years in office. It was the fall of a system as well as of a man. His successor was Baron Aehrenthal, who had been for a long time Ambassador in St. Petersburg, and who knows Russia through and through, probably as well as the Tsardom is known to any person living. The hour was critical. Universal suffrage was about to be adopted in Austria—the boldest electoral leap in the dark ever taken by any country. But the happy results soon afterwards won were not yet certain. The recent struggle between Hungary and its sovereign had seemed to prophesy the doom of Dualism, and few dared to think out a system that could replace it. Count Goluchowski had retired in the face of the total failure of his policy with regard to Servia. A customs union between that country and Bulgaria had been threatened. The commercial war at once declared by Austria-Hungary against Servia had ut

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