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RURAL LIFE IN ENGLAND

THE BROKEN HEART

THE ART OF BOOK-MAKING

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117

131

A ROYAL POET

THE COUNTRY CHURCH

157

169

THE WIDOW AND HER SON

THE BOAR'S HEAD TAVERN

THE MUTABILITY OF LITERATURE

RURAL FUNERALS

183

205

225

245

251

277

THE INN KITCHEN

THE SPECTRE BRIDEGROOM

WESTMINSTER ABBEY

THE

AUTHOR'S ACCOUNT

OF

HIMSELF.

“I am of this mind with Homer, that as the snaile that crept out of her shel was turned eftsoons into a toad, and thereby was forced to make a stoole to sit on; so the traveller that stragleth from his own country is in a short time transformed into so monstrous a shape, that he is fain to alter his mansion with his manners, and to live where he can, not where he would.”

LYLY’s EUPHUES.

I was always fond of visiting new scenes, and observing strange characters and manners. Even when a mere child I began my travels, and made many tours of discovery into foreign parts and unknown regions of my native city, to the frequent alarm of my parents, and the emolument of the town crier. As I grew into boyhood, I extended the range of my observations. My holiday afternoons were spent in rambles about the surrounding country. I made myself familiar with all its places famous in history or fable. I knew every spot where a murder or robbery had

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been committed, or a ghost seen. I visited the neighbouring villages, and added greatly to my stock of knowledge, by noting their habits and customs, and conversing with their sages and great men. I even journeyed one long summer's day to the summit the most distant hill, from whence I stretched my eye over many a mile of terra incognita, and was astonished to find how vast a globe I inhabited.

This rambling propensity strengthened with my years. Books of voyages and travels became my passion, and in devouring their contents, I neglected the regular exercises of the school. How wistfully would I wander about the pier heads in fine weather, and watch the parting ships bound to distant climes! with what longing eyes would I gaze after their lessening sails, and waft myself in imagination to the ends of the earth!

Farther reading and thinking, though they brought this vague inclination into more reasonable bounds, only served to make it more decided. I visited various parts of my own country: and had I been merely influenced by a love of fine scenery, I should have felt little desire to seek elsewhere its gratification ; for on no country have the charms of nature been more prodigally lavished. Her mighty lakes, like oceans of liquid silver ; her mountains, with their bright aërial tints ; her valleys, teeming with wild fertility; her

tremendous cataracts, thundering in their solitudes; her boundless plains, waving with spontaneous verdure; her broad deep rivers, rolling in solemn silence to the ocean ; her trackless forests, where vegetation puts forth all its magnificence; her skies, kindling with the magic of summer clouds and glorious sunshine : - no, never need an American look beyond his own country for the sublime and beautiful of natural scenery.

But Europe held forth all the charms of storied and poetical association. There were to be seen the masterpieces of art, the refinements of highly cultivated society, the quaint peculiarities of ancient and local custom. My native country was full of youthful promise ; Europe was rich in the accumulated treasures of Her told the history of times gone by, and every mouldering stone was a chronicle. I longed to wander over the scenes of renowned achievement- to tread, as it were, in the footsteps of antiquity- to loiter about the ruined castle - to meditate on the falling tower—to escape, in short, from the common-place realities of the present, and lose myself among the shadowy grandeurs of

age.

very ruins

the past.

I had, besides all this, an earnest desire to see the great men of the earth. We have, it is true, our great men in America ; not a city but has an ample share of them. I have mingled among

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