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ASTRONOMICAL OBSERVATORY, in an advantageous Situation, as it commands an extenfive Horizon, not incommoded by the Town, and which is now completed, under the Direction of that eminent artist Mr. Wyatt. The Eight-Winds, after the Manner of the Temple at Athens, are placed on the third Story, and the Atlas on the top. It is built in an open Field adjoining to the north side of the Infirmary; the Land a Benefaction of his Grace the Duke of Marlborough,
The whole Building is 175 feet in length; its breadth from north to fouth in the Centre, exclusive of the Portico, is 57 Feet; and at each Wing 24 Feet.
Between the Wings in the North Front, springs a femicircle, which includes the Hall with two adjacent Libraries on the ground foor; the stair-case and the Lecture-Room with two adjoining Rooms on the next story:
The third story consists of an Octangular Tower, the elevation, of which, including the figure on the Roof, is upwards of 50 feet. Thus is the elevation of the centre of this Building an 100 feet and upwards.
In the Eastern Wing is contained, in three rooms, a complete fer of Aftronomical Instruments, fixed in the plaive of the Meridian, made by the late unrivalled Artist Mr. John Bird, at the expense of above 1100 Pounds'; consisting of two Quadrants; each of eight feet radius; a Transit inftrument of eight Feet, and a Zenith-Sector of twelve.
In the Western Wing is placed a set of smaller Inftruments for the use of such Students as choose to apply themselves to practical Astronomy:
The Dwelling-House for the Professor is very
commodiously connected with the Eastern Wing of the Observatory by a Covered Way.
In the lower part of the Field is a small circular Building, with a moveable roof, in which is placed an Equatorial Sector for the purpose of observing the Places of the Heavenly Bodies at any distance from the Meridian. The Duke of Marlborough was
also pleased to present to this Observatory a Reflecting Telescope of twelve Feet, which cost above 1oool. It was made by the late Mr. James Short. A Building, with a moveable Roof, will soon be erected for this Inftrument.
THE PHYSIC OR BOTANICAL GARDEN
is fituated on the South of Magdalen College. This was the Donation of Henry D'Anvers, Earl of Danby, who purchased the Ground (containing five Acres) of Magdalen College, surrounded it with a lofty Wall, and erected, next to the Street, a parapet with Iron Palisades.
The Gateway is justly esteemed an elegant Piece of Architecture. The defign is ascribed to Inigo Jones ; nor is it unworthy of that Architect. In the Centre over the Arch is a Buft of the Founder, Lord Danby. On the Left-hand of the Entrance is a Statue of CHARLES I. and on the Right one of CHARLES II. On the Face of the Corona and the Frize is the following Inscription ; viz. Gloria Dei Opt. Max. Honori Caroli I. Regis in Ulum Acad. et Reipub. Henricus Comes Danby D. D. Anno 1632. This Inscription is likewise on the Garden Front.
The Garden is divided into four Quarters, with a broad Walk down the Middle. Near the Entrance
are two elegant and useful Green houses, built for Exotics ; of which there is a considerable collection. In the Quarters is the greatest Variety of such Plants as require no artificial Heat to nourish them, all ranged in their proper Classes, and numbered,
Eastward of the Garden, without the Walls, is an excellent Hot-house; where tender Plants are raised and brought to great Perfection ; viz. the Anana or Pine-Apple, the Plantain, the Coffee Shrub, the Caper Tree, the Cinnamon, the Creeping Cereus, and many others. The Caper and Coffee Shrub bear well.
This useful Foundation has been much improved by the late Dr. Sherard, who provided a Salary for the Professor, and brought from Smyrna a valuable collection of Plants; and by the present learned Profeffor, who also resided some Years in the East, and has enriched the Collection with many new Articles. The Affiftant to the Professor is provided by the University; he is generally ready to attend such Persons as wish to be minutely informed as the more scarce and curious Plants.
We proceed next to describe and give some Acu count of the several Colleges; and as Magdalen College is the nearest to the place we last mentioned, and the first we meet with in the Road from London, it may be most convenient to begin with that College.
near the River Cherwell, at the east end of the City. The first thing worthy attention is the west Entrance into the Chapel ; over which are five small Figures, of elegant sculpture. That on the right, in a kneeling posture, represents the Founder ; the