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The present inembers of this Society are, the Warden, fifteen Fellows, two Chaplains, fifteen Scholars, two Clerks, and fixteen Exhibitioners'; the whole number of Students being usually about 100.
Visitor. The Bishop of Bath and Wells.
HE avenue to Trinity College, which has been ·
lately widened so as to exhibit the whole front of the Chapel towards the street, and ornamented with a clock, is fenced by an iron palisade, with folding gates. The front of the college consists of the Chapeland Gateway, with its beautiful Tower.
In the first court are the Chapel, Hall, President's Lodgings, and Library.
The great elegance of the Chapel results from an assemblage of high finished ornaments. The carvings of the screen and altar-piece, which are of cedar, are finished with exquifite taste by the masterly hand of that eminent artist Mr. Guibbons. In the midst of the ceiling, which is covered with a beautiful ftucco, is an Ascension, which is executed in a good style by Peter Berchett, an eminent French Painter. On the north fide of the Altar, under an alcove, is a tomb, on which are the figures of the Founder and his Lady.
The Hall is spacious and well-proportioned, and adorned with a portrait of the Founder. Over the chimney-piece are the Arms of Queen Mary and King Philip.
In the Library windows are feveral compartments of fine old painted glass, much injured in former times.
The second court, planned by Sir Christopher Wren, was one of the first pieces of modern archi
tecture which appeared in the University. It confifts of three sides, the north and west of which are intended to be raised and finished in the manner with that on the south. The opening to the gardens, on the east, has an agreeable effect.
The Gardens are extensive, and laid out in two divisions. The first, or larger division, is thrown into open grass-plots. The north wall is covered with a yew-hedge. The centre walk is terminated by a well-wrought iron gate, with the Founder's. Arms at the top, supported by two piers, The fouthern division is a pleasing solitude, consisting of shady walks, with a wilderness, of flowering Ihrubs, and disposed into serpentine paths.
This college was founded March 8, 1594, by Sir Thomas Pope, Knight, of Tittenhanger, in Hertfordshire, Privy-Counsellor to Queen Mary, and a fingular friend' to Sir Thomas More, for the maintenance and education of a President, twelve Fellows, and twelve Scholars. The Founder directs, that the Scholars, who succeed to the Fellowships, shall be chosen from his Manors : but if no candidates appear under such qualifications on the day of election, that they shall be supplied from any county in Eng. land. He also appoints that no more than two natives of the same county shall be Fellows of his college at the same time, Oxfordshire excepted, from which county five are permitted.
The principal, and almost only Benefactor, was · Dr. Ralph Bathurst, formerly President, who expended 1900). in rebuilding the chapel.
This college consists of a President, twelve Fellows, and twelve Scholars. These, with the other members, Gentlemen Commoners, Commoners, &e. amount to about 90. Visitor. The Bifhop of Winchester,
ALLIOL College is situated to the west of Tri
nity, and consists chiefly of one court, which we enter by a Gothic gate. The buildings about this court are ancient, except the east end, which is finished in the manner in which the rest of that quadrangle may be built.
The Chapel ftands at the north-east angle of the great court. The great east window, which is well executed, represents the Passion, Resurrection, and Ascension of Christ. The Hall is at the west end of the same court. In the Master's Lodgings are some good rooms, particularly a spacious Hall, having a well-preserved ancient window to the east. Their Library is well furnished with a very large collection of useful books, and many ancient manuscripts.
Over the gate of the College are the Arms of the Balliol Family
And on the outside, over against the Master's Lodgings, was a stone placed in memory of those learned and pious Prelates, Archbishop Cranmer, Bishop Ridley, and Bishop Latimer, who, were burnt at that place for their adherence to the Refornation; which has not been visible since the City has been paved in its present form.
Besides this court, there is an area to the northwest, consisting of several detached lodgings for the Students ; and an elegant new building, rather resembling a modern dwelling-house, with a beautiful front to the street, erected at the expense of Mr. Fisher, late Fellow of this Society, in which are feveral handsome apartments. This Inscription is on the north side, by desire of the Founder: VERBUM NON AMPLIUS FISHER.
Sir John Balliol, of Bernard Castle, in Yorkshire, father of John Balliol, King of Scotland, first designed the foundation of this College for the education of Scholars, to whom he gave yearly Exhibitions ; but dying before he purchased land, he recommended the design to his widow Devorguilla, daughter of Alexander III. King of Scotland, who first settled these Exhibitions; and in 1284 purchased a tenement for her Scholars of Balliol, and conveyed it to the Masters and Scholars of this House for ever for their habitation, having obtained a royal charter for that purpose. She afterwards added several new buildings to it, and settled lands for the maintenance of the Scholars, dedicating her Foundation to the honour of the Holy Trinity, the Blessed Virgin, and St. Katherine the Martyr ; which Benefactions were afterwards ratified by her son John Balliol, King of Scotland, and Oliver Bishop of Lincoln, in whose diocele Oxford then was. The value of the lands and revenues, belonging to this college, did not exceed 271. gs. 4d. per ann. at that time, but their estates were foon after greatly enlarged by the benefactions of others, particularly Sir Philip Somerville. Dr. John Warner, Bishop of Rochester, founded four Scottish Exhibitions, endowing them with a revenue, which has since been augmented by John Snell, Esq. The members of this Society are at present a Mafter, twelve Fellows, fourteen Scholars, and eighteen Exhibitioners; the whole number of Students amounting to about go.
The Masters and Fellows elect their Visitor, whe at prefent is the Archbishop of York.
ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE
S situated north of Balliol and Trinity Colleges,
The buildings of this College chiefly consist of two large quadrangles. We enter the first by a handsome old gateway with a tower over it. It is formed by the Hall and Chapel on the north, the President's ; Lodgings on the east, and the Chambers of the Fellows, Scholars, and other Students, on the south and west fides. The Hall is elegant, being wellproportioned, and handsomely wainscotted, with a beautiful arched roof, a screen of Portland Stone, and a grand variegated marble chimney-piece, containing a picture of St. John the Baptist, by Titian. It is likewise adorned with many other pictures ; viz. at the upper end, by a whole-length portrait of the Founder; on his right-hand Archbishop Laud, and on his left Archbishop Juxon. On the north and fouth fides of the room are those of Bishop Mew, Bishop Buckridge, Sir William Paddy, and other eminent men, who have beert members of, and benefactors to, this Society
The Chapel, which is adjoining to the Hall, is in all respects neat and commodious. It is divided from the Ante-chapel by a new and elegant Screen, over which has been erected a very complete new Organ. It has now an elegance which results from several high-finished, yet fimple ornaments. In particular the Stand on which the Bible is placed is adorned with masterly carving. The Altar is of the Corinthian order, and very properly adapted. Over the Communion-Table is a fine piece of tapestry representing our Saviour with the two Disciples at Emmaus, copied from a painting of Titian. The Dog