Page images
PDF
EPUB

snarling at the Cat under the table, cannot be overlooked. Nor will the curious observer be at much lofs, by the striking likenesses in the four figures, in discovering they are the then Pope, Kings of France and Spain, and Titian, in the characters of our Saa viour, his Disciples, and Servant. On the north side of the Choir, in a marble urn, inclosed in a filver veffel, is the Heart of Dr. Richard Rawlinson. In this Chapel cathedral service is performed twice a day, at eleven and five.

Through a passage on the east side of the first quadrangle we enter the second; on the east and west sides whereof are handsome piazzas in the Grecian taste, each column consisting of one single bluish stone, dug from a part of the college estate near Fifield in Berkshire. In the centre of each piazza is a magnificent gateway, confifting principally of two orders. 1. The Doric, which forms the gateway itself, agreeable to that of the piazzas. 2. The Ionic, which supports a semicircular pediment. Between four of these columns, viz. two on each side, in a niche, is a brass ftatue ; that on the east of King Charles I. and that on the west of his Queen, caft by Fanelli of Florence. That neither of the Greek orders might be wanting, the 3d, viz. the Corinthian, is very artfully introduced in the construction of the niche. The whole is richly embellired, and is the design of that celebrated Architect Inigo Jones.

The Library includes the upper story of the fouth and east fides. The south side is well stored with printed books in all Faculties, regularly disposed : the east with a most valuable collection of manuscripts ; in which the book-cases adhering to the sides form a spacious gallery. Here are some valuable curiosities, viz, the picture of King Charles I. which has the whole Book of Psalms written in the lines of the face and on the hairs of the bead; a very beautiful and

fingular

[ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]

fingular picture of St. John, stained in a composition, which has the appearance of polished marble; fome curious Miffals; a Chinese Dictionary; and on the east window, in elegant painted glafs, are the Arms of the Founder, the Company of Merchant-Taylors, and several other Benefactors to the College.

The Gardens are very extenfive, and laid out : with all thofe graces which arise from a succession of beauties fo disposed as to strike us gradually and unexpectedly. The celebrated Mr. Browne, by removing å few embarrafling overgrown chesnut trees, has so changed the aspect of this garden, that few can at present vie with it.

This College was founded by Sir Thomas White, Alderman and Merchant-Taylor of London ; who afterwards, anno 1557, endowed it with feveral confiderable manors, and at his death bequeathed the fum of 3000l. to purchase lands to increase the revenues of it. He originally designed Merchant-Taylors School in London as the only Seminary for this College ; but being of a more public spirit than to confine himself to any one place, he allowed two Fellowships to the city of Coventry, two to Bristol, two also to the town of Reading, and one to Tunbridge.

The most confiderable Benefactors fince have been Sir William Paddy, who founded and endowed the Choir, and built that side of the New Quadrangle, of which the Library is a part; Archbishop Laud, who at the expense of above 5000l. (exclusive of 4001. for the statues of the King and Queen) added · the other three fides ; Archbishop Juxon, who gave 70ool. to this College ; Dr. Gibbons, who bequeath= { ed the perpetual advowson of the living of Baynton in Yorkihire, and 1000l. to buy books; Dr. Holmes, the late worthy President, with his Lady, who gave

1500ol.

[ocr errors]

15000l. to augment the salaries of the Officers, and other uses; and Dr. Rawlinson, who bequeathed the reversion of an estate in fee-farm rents.

The present members are, a President, fifty Fellows, two Chaplains, an Organist, five Singing-men, fix Choristers, and two Sextons : the number of Students of all sorts being ufually about 80.

Visitor. the Bishop of Winchester.

W

WORCESTER COLLEGE.
ORCESTER College is pleasantly situated

on an eminence, just above the River Ifis and the Meadows, at the extremity of the western fuburb. : At entering the College, we have the Chapel and Hall on each side, both of which are 29 feet in breadth, and 50 in length. The Library, which is a magnificent Ionic edifice, on the west of the Chapel and Hall, is 100 feet in length, fupported by a spacious Cloyster. It is furnished with a valuable collection of books, chiefly the Library of Dr. Clarke, late Fellow of All-Souls College; in which is Inigo Jones's Palladio, with his own manuscript notes. According to the plan proposed, this College is to consist of the Chambers of the Fellows and Scholars on the north and south, and the Gardens, which are to lie on a descent to the River, on the west. The Apartment of the Provost is at the north-west angle; from whence this College will enjoy not only the pleafantest situation, but be one of the most elegant structures in the University, especially if the Society carry their design into execution, of opening an avenue from the College to Magdalen Parish Church. · The College was founded anno 1714, by Sir Thomas Cookes, for a Provost, fix Fellows, and fix Scholars.

Dr.

Dr. Finney farther endowed it with two Fellow.” ships and two Scholarships for Students from Staffordfhire. Dr. Clarke founded fix Fellowships and three Scholarships, with a preference to Clergymen's sons. And Mrs. Eaton, daughter to Dr. Eaton, Principal of Glocester Hall, founded six Fellowships. Lady Holford gave two Exhibitions of pol. a year each, for Charter-house Scholars, to be enjoyed eight years.

This House was formerly called Glocester College, being a Seminary for educating the Novices of Glocester Monastery. It was founded A. D. 1283, by John Giffard, Baron of Brimsfield. When suppressed at the Reformation, it was converted into a Palace for the Bilhop of Oxford; but was soon after-. wards erected into an Academical Hall, by Sir Thomas White, the Founder of St John's College; in which state it continued till it received a Charter of Incorporation, and an Endowment from Sir Thomas Cookes.

Here are a Provost, twenty Fellows, seventeen Scholars, &c. The whole number about 70.

Visitor. The Chancellor of the University.

EXETER COLLEGE.

TH

HIS College is situated opposite Jesus College,

the front whereof is 220 feet long; in the centre of which is a magnificent Gate and Tower. The composition of each front (viz. that towards the street and that towards the quadrangle) is a rustic basement which forms the gateway; a plinth, whereupon are placed four pilasters of the Ionic, order, supporting a semicircular pediment, in the area of which are the Founder's Arms on a shield adorned with feftoons, finishing with a balustrade above all.

This, with the beautiful arched roof of the gateway, is justly esteemed an elegant piece of workmanship. The building within chiefly consists of a large quadrangle, formed by the Hall

, the Chapel, the Rector's Lodgings, and the Chambers of the Fellows and Scholars, and is regular and uniform.

The Gardens are neatly disposed, and, though within the Town, have an airy and pleasant opening to the east, and a terrace, from whence we have a view of some of the finest buildings in the University.

The Library is well furnished with books in the feveral arts and sciences; and a very valuable collection of Claffics, given by Edward Richards, Esq.

Walter Stapledon, Bishop of Exéter, Lord Treasurer of England, and Secretary of State to King Edward II. 1316, obtained a charter for founding a College where Hertford College now stands; but wanting room for the buildings he designed, he removed his Scholars to the present House, and gave it the name of Stapledon-Hall, after his own name. He founded a Society consisting of thirteen, i. e, a Rector and twelve Fellows; one of whom, the ChapJain, to be appointed by the Dean and Chapter of Exeter; eight to be elected out of the Archdea. conries of Exeter, Totnes, and Barnstaple, in Devonshire, and four from the Archdeaconry of Cornwall.

Among the subsequent Benefactors was Edmond Stafford, Bishop of Exeter, who obtained leave to alter the name of this House, and settled two Fellowships for the diocese of Sarum. Sir William Petre in Queen Elizabeth's time obtained a new Charter and Statutes, founded eight Fellowships for such counties wherever he then had, or his heirs at any time after should have estates; which by this time

comprehends

« PreviousContinue »