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and there is a clause inserted in the deed, Rev. Dr. T. Rees, Messrs. Hart, Holt, : securing the property to the UNITARIAN R. Taylor, J. Bowring, Leach, Robinson, FUND, should Unitarian worship be disa Frend, Joseph Feruie, R. Fennell and continued in the Chapel. Of this, howJacob Guillonneau.

ever, there is little fear, as the prospect

at Port-Glasgow and in its neighbourhood Auditors.

is very encouraging. The morning and Messrs. C. Lean, C. Richmond and S. evening sermons, delivered by Mr. Harris, Bayley.

are published, at the unanimous request The Society afterwards dined together; delivered.

of the congregations which heard them WM. FREND, Esq., in the chair. In the course of the evening the sentiments given by the chairman called up the fol

Clapton, March 27, 1822. lowing gentlemen-the Rev. R. Aspland, Sir, $. W. Browne, Dr. T. Rees, Mr. R. Taylor, &c. &c. By desire of the Sub

I beg leave to inform the Subscribers scribers, the Silver Medal given by Mr.

to Dr. Priestley's Works, that Vol. XXI., Parkes, was presented by the chairman which concludes the theological part, will to Mr. Asplund, requesting him to cou

be ready for delivery at my friend Mr. vey it to Mrs. Hughes, with expressious

Eatou's, 187, High-Holborn, on Saturday, of the liveliest gratitude for her numerous

April 20th. and highly useful literary productions,

I have found, on a late examination, and the most cordial respect of the Sub

so large a number of the former volumes scribers.

for which subscribers have not applied, On the health of Mr. Parkes, and der the great pecuniary inconvenience im

that I cannot but request them to consithanks to him for his handsome donation, posed by such neglect, upon an Editor, being given-that gentleman rose and unavoidably occupied in the literary duties said, he had two favours to ask of the of an undertaking, laborious and unprocompany, which he trusted they would readily grant him. The first was, that ductive ; except of the high gratification every Subscriber would demand his allot- afforded by the prospect of accomplishing ment of Tracts, and endeavour to find a favourite, and, as he trusts, no useless means of distributing them ; the second,

project. that every Subscriber present would strive

I am, however, indebted to many subto make the Society as extensively known scribers, for their prompt attention to the as he possibly could and as it justly and which hare always appeared in your

notices which I had deemed sufficient, merited.

Kepository, when any volume was ready

for delirery. Of such subscribers, (exGrcenock and Port-Glasgow Unita- cepting those with whom I am in corresrian Chapel.

pondence, I have only to request that The Subscribers to the Greenock and they would procure Vol. XXI. from Mr. Port-Glasgow Unitarian Chapel are re- Eaton, sending at the same time their spectfully informed, that on Sunday, Ja- full address, that I may correct my list, nuary 20th, 1822, the Chapel built at which I have reason to fear is, as to Port-Glasgow was opened for the worship some pames and places, very inaccurate. of Almighty God. Friends were present

Subscribers who have not received the from Greenock, Glasgow, Paisley and whole of the 18 Volumes, now ready for Renfrew. Three Sermons were delivered delivery, I must request immediately to in the course of the day by the Rev. apply by letter to Mr. Smallfield, Printer, George Harris, of Liverpool, to deeply Homerton, Middlesex, mentioning what attentive audiences. In the afternoon, volumes they have received, and directing the Rev. David Rees, of the University where the rest, with Vol. XXI., shall be of Glasgow, concluded the devotional sent, adding an order for payınent in services; and the Rev. David Logan deli- London. vered his acceptance of the pastoral office As the Subscribers are generally readto the Port-Glasgow Congregation. The ers of your work, I trust that these rechapel is a very neat and commodious quests will come under the observation building, and there is a house, ultimately and be favoured with the attention of intended for the use of the minister of those whom they concern.

A very few the place, under it. The whole expense copies of Dr. Priestley's Works are yet will not exceed £500, which will leave at the service of any who may wish to but a small debt to be discharged. The possess them. buildings are secared to seren trustees,

3. T. RUTT. of whom the Rev. George Harris is one,

Liverpool Unitarian Fellowship Fund. God, the Father. Three Sermons will be

A Report of the LIVERPOOL UNITA- delivered, those in the moruing and evenRIAN FELLOWSHIP Fund has recently been ing by the Rev. George Harris; and that published, by which it appears the fol- in the afternoon by the Rev. W. J. Fox, lowing donations have been made during members of this new church will dine

of London. On Monday the friends and the year ending 31st December, 1821. To the Unitarian Fund (Lon

together in the Cloth Hall; and in the don)

£10 0 O evening, the Rev. W. J. Fox will preach Rochdale Chapel

10 0 0

in the Meeting-House. Oldham Ditto

5 0 0 Newchurch (Rossendale) Ditto

The Friends of the late Rev. HENRY

5 0 0 Merthyr Tydvil Ditto

10 0 0 TURNER, of Nottingham, propose to print Boston Ditto

5 00

in 8vo. (price 128.) a volume of his SerKnowsley Ditto

10 0 0

mons. They request the names of such Padiham Ditto

15 0 0

as propose being subscribers may be for Newcastle-under-Lyme, Ditto, 5 00

warded as early as convenient. Gellionen Ditto

5 0 0 General Baptist Academy

5 00 An Aged Minister


3 0 0 Lancashire and Cheshire Unita

FRANCE. rian Association

5 0 0 We perceive that in our last, (p. 128,)

we stated prematurely that the law reTotal

£93 0 0 straining the press had passed the two

Chambers. The event thus anticipated Communications (post paid) may be has since taken place. The discussions addressed to the Secretary, Mr. H. Taylor, in the Chamber of Peers, as well as in Bold Street, Liverpool.

that of the Deputies, were very animated :

the speech of Prince TALLEYRAND has On Thursday evening, March 21st, the been much applauded. This disastrous Meeting-House in Sir Thomas's Buildings, measure was carried in the upper chamLiverpool, formerly a Catholic Chapel, ber by only a small majority : it is now, was opened for Unitarian worship, when however, the law of France, and will be a sermon was preached by the Rev. so as long as the present system of George Harris, explanatory of the doc- government is suffered to continue. tripes maintained by Unitarian Christians. Tumults have arisen in various parts of The place was crowded to excess. The France, principally in places of public Meeting - House is intended for the use of education; the young men being very the Society formerly assembling in Great reluctant to submit to the yoke of legitiCross Hall Street, and religious worship macy. will be conducted there on the morning One great source of discord is the and evening of Sunday, and on Thursday preaching of the Missionaries, that is, night, commencing with the first Sunday priests who go about carrying the cross, in April.

preaching up the old doctrine of passive

obedience, fulminating church-censures NOTICES.

against those that took a part in or pro

fited by the Revolution, asserting the THE Half-Yearly Meeting of the So- divine right of tithes, calling back, as far merset and Dorset Unitarian Association

as words avail, feudal times and usages, will be held at Taunton, on Tuesday the and in some cases pretending to miracles. 9th of April.

Fanatics and impostors as they are, they G. B. W.

are countenanced by the government, and

on that account, perhaps, more than from The Rev. GEORGE HARRIS has ac any dislike of superstition, they are cepted the unanimous invitation presented obnoxious to the people, who have on to him to become the pastor of the new several occasions opposed their preaching Unitarian Congregation, Bolton, His so riotously, that they have been obliged connexion with the Renshaw Street So to claim the protection of the military. ciety will terminate on Sunday the 31st Certain state-prosecutions bave brought March ; and he will enter on the duties out very prominently the political feeling of his situation in Bolton on Sunday, of the French people. Alarmed by this April 7th.

and other demonstrations of disloyalty,

the police are very active in their inquisiOn Sunday, April 7th, 1822, the tion after heresy and blasphemy. “We Meeting-Houde in Moor Lane, Boltou, copy a paragraph on this subject from a formerly a Calvinistic Chapel, will be paper which we do not often quote, but opened for the worship of the One True which we never see without anusement,

the New for pretended) T'imes. So ex: rance attached so much importance, and travagant, and therefore su iunoxious, is which fraud and cunning made availing this wretched journal, that it rebukes the for their sinister interests. There are Courier, (the regular ministerial paper,) many ecclesiastics in the Portuguese for speaking with decency of the Opposi. Cortes, but they are generally disposed to tion in the Chamber of Deputies, and support the independence of the Lusitaespecially for naming BENJAMIN CON- nian church. Ecclesiastical reform has STANT with respect. CONSTANT is the not, however, on the whole, made such friend of LA FAYETTE, of GREGOIRE, of rapid progress as in Spain. No church or LANJUINAIS, and was the friend (which convent property has been hitherto conof itself is a testimonial that might carry fiscated. In half a century the religious him with bonour through the civilized orders will, however, be extinct by the world) of the wise and virtuous ROMILLY; non-admission of noviciates, lo Spain but he stands up for the Charter, and not their suppression is much more rapid ; as merely for the family of the Bourbons, they have been there deprived of inuch of and therefore the ex-jacobin Dr. STOD- their revenue, every encouragement bas DART, poiuts him out as a revolutionary been given to secularization; and many monster, whom the majority of the Cham- convents have been already alienated ber would do well to impeach. The where the number of Friars was small, or paragraph referred to is in the paper of where a neighbouring convent existed of March ihe 19th, and runs thus: “ We the same order. Or the most enlightened perceive from the Paris journals that the among the Friars in Spain, a considerable police exerts itself with laudable diligence portion have been absolved from their in the seizure of blasphemous and seditie religious vows. The Spanish Cortes have ous publications. A writer named Du. assumed a high tone in their iprercourse PUIS, several years ago wrote a book with the Church of Rome. An annual entitled, De l' Origine de tous les Cultes, sum was formerly paid in the sbape of which was intended to prove, among tribute to the Holy See. Since the Revoother things, that there never was such a lution that sum has been very much dimiperson as Jesus Christ. In order to bring nished, and the Cortes refused to allow the substance of this impious work within any thing unless it were received as a the reach of the common people, an free gift, -not claimed as a recognized abridgment of it has been printed at right. The Jansenists are becoming Paris, which, we are happy to find, was stronger in Spain. To that party belongimmediately seized, and we trust that the ed the leading ecclesiastics of the last vender, M. CHASSERIAN, will be made an Cortes. One religious journal is pubexample of,"

lished at Madrid, called the Cronica Reli

giosa. Its character is liberal, and its PORTUGAL AND SPAIN. object is to destroy the Papal influence; A DISPOSITION to loosen the shackles but involved as all men are in party-poliof Popish authority has been for some tics, it does not seem to excite much time visible in the former country, and interest or obtain much circulation. that disposition has been much encouraged The remnants of old intolerance have and strengthened since the establishment been but too visible in Spain during the of the constitutional system. The office late discussions on the Penal Code ; many of the Patriarca, or supreme Bishop of of whose articles breathe the most furious Lisbon, has been extinguished. The re. bigotry. The strongest assurance was spect with which the regular clergy have given that they would not be permitted been regarded by the people is singularly to pass ; however, they were approved diminished, and even among the peasan- almost without discussion, in spite of a try questions as to the utility of the very general conviction of their absurdity monastic establishments, are sometimes and cruelty. “Let us make this cession started and answered in a spirit of bold (they said) to the ignorance of the clergy, inquiry. During the Lent just over, the as no Spaniard can be affected by it. To Cortes applied to the Pope for a Bull to us, all the forms of religion are indifferallow the people to eat flesh. His holi. ent, and the common people are too ness refused for some time; but being sound in their faith to be exposed to the given very plainly to understand that his consequences of heretical pravity. The refusal would not alter the determination ecclesiastics will allow civil reform to of the national representatives, who were

move onward, if we give them enough of resolved to root out some of the foolish church tyranny as the price of their acquia superstitions of the Portuguese, he at last escence!" Thus it is, that fancied wisdom consented. The Bull was received, pub- becomes the ally of folly, and that truth lished, and Lent has been observed with itself is made the herald wd the handout those forms to which folly and igno- maid of error.

Monthly Repository.


APRIL, 1822.

[Vol. XVII.

On Church Establishments.

Nottingham, must be supposed to be perfectly conSir,

October 25, 1821. sistent with the best interests of soELIGION is so powerful an en- ciety, and is more likely to be injured the human mind, that it is no wonder interference of human anthority. A the statesman has endeavoured to turn religion founded upon Divine Revelait to his purposes, and, under the spe- tjon, must contain within itself the cious pretence of protection, has as

best possible means of ascertaining sumed the management of its con

and authenticating its real dictates; cerns. It might be questioned, indeed, and the errors into which human weakwhether he has acted wisely, even as

ness and fallibility might fall in regard a statesman, in intermeddling with to it, would be much more effectually things of such a nature. Had he ad corrected by the private exertions of hered to the peculiar line of his vo learning and integrity, than by the cation, that of maintaining the peace

ostentatious superintendence and conof society, by protecting the equal So that the interference of the civil

trolling direction of the civil power. rights of every citizen, other things might have gone on more to his satis magistrate is an act of supererogation faction than he is willing to believe. on his part, since a religion founded He would probably have been no loser on truth is much better qualified to by his moderation and forbearance. Serve him, than he is to serve such He would have executed the useful a religion. Leave it to the undispart which is especially assigned to turbed exercise of its native energies, him with greater skill

, from confining

and it is sure to advance the peace his attention to it : and the interests and good order of society; but interof wluch he had declined the superin- fere with it and restrain it, and its tendence, through a wise diffidence of nature suffers a material change; it his ability to serve them, would have becomes worldly and intriguing; and thriven by their intrinsic importance,

the magistrate will soon find himself and the hold they possess of the de compelled to purchase at a high rate sires and affections of mankind. Reli- the supineness and indolence of its gion is too firmly established in the ministers, lest their activity should be human breast to require that it should turned against himself. come recommended and enforced by

If what we have now stated be true, the enactments of the civil magistrate. we have, we suspect, decided the quesAnd although, on the supposition that tion of establishments already; for if all religions were alike fabulous and it can be proved that a patronised reunsupported, it inight be necessary than one left to depend upon its native

ligion is of less value to the statesman for hun to endeavour to make such selection as would be most favourable energies, he will no longer be anxious to the peace and good order of society, to lend it his support. We shall hear nothing of this kind can be alleged no longer of his wish to subserve the with regard to Christianity, which, interests of piety and truth: he will having its origin from God' himself, no more think of interfering with the

concerns of religion than he will trou

ble himself with the inquiries of the * By the late justly laiented Rer. H. metaphysician or the grammarian. Turner, (see p. 121,) found among his I am aware that the question is papers, as prepared for our work. ED. usually argued upon other grounds ;


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and that the persons most nearly in. and hypocritical pretence of advanterested in the maintenance of reli- cing the success of religion, two in. gious establishments would fain per- terested parties bargain for mutual suade us that the Church of Christ assistance in carrying on a conspiracy demands it as an incumbent duty of against the rights and liberties of civil magistrates to patronise and en- mankind. dow her ministers. But probably the The precedent of the Jewish Church, civil magistrate, (whatever he may so much relied on in support of the pretend,) is little moved by such argu- divine right of the church to a civil ments; and would leave Christianity establishment, may easily be disposed to take care of itself, if he did not of by an examination of the two think that some private ends of his own might be gained by undertaking The Jewish form of government was the task proposed, and that the men a theocracy; and its civil forins were whom he patronised and rewarded in strict subordination to certain imwould act a useful part in supporting portant objects connected with relihim against any opposition that might gion. Every thing was made to bend be attempted in regard to his less jus- to one particular design of Providence, tifiable proceedings. And in this re- for the maintenance, during a certain spect he has not been disappointed; limited period, of just views of the for the selfish and ambitious views of Divine nature and essence. The Chris. civil governments have invariably found tian dispensation was in its elements support from an established clergy. totally different, and every thing beAnd this forms so serious an objection longing to Judaisın, not expressly perin a civil point of view, that it would petuated, is to be considered as “ipso require the strongest proofs of the facto” abrogated by Christianity. And advantages derived to religion, to coun- it seems evidently to be of the very terbalance it. Few will undertake to essence of Christianity to be comshew that an institution decidedly un- pletely unembarrassed by any confavourable to the interests of freedom nexion with temporary and limited and just government is requisite to institutions. It was designed to be a the influence and success of true reli- religion for the whole world, and region : for freedom and truth go hand presents the whole world as composing in hand; and whatever impairs the one family; it cannot, therefore, reone must impair the other. But who cognise any partial and national insti. can have so poor an opinion of the tutions, so far as to combine itself power of religion, as to imagine that with them, and admit of the authoritaits progress and success depend upon tive imposition of corresponding forins. the patronage of the civil power? Christianity establishes the paramount Must truth stand waiting at the great authority of God in the conscience of man's door, meanly stoop for his do- every individual; it acquired its influnations, and crouch before the civil ence by this address of truth to reason, governor for the boon of his puny and it admits of no other establishfavour and patronage? No! Let her ment. Every other is merely nominal, urge a bold claim for a simple, un- and although this nominal establishdoubted right, the right of being pro- ment may have a temporary use, (as tected from

lawless violence and op- in the case of Constantine, ivhen relipression. This it is the duty of the gion was already become greatly cormagistrate to extend to every peaceful rupt, and was under the necessity of citizen; and let the professor of reli- waiting until a more favourable state gion who pursues truth by the legiti- of society should arise, for purifying mate methods of reason and argument, itself,) yet, as a general principle, it boldly claim this, and refuse to be be- appears capable of complete proof holden to him for any thing more. that the kingdom of Christ neither is

The alliance so often talked of be- nor can be of this world. twveen Church and State, is to be re

H. T. garded as no better than a selfish contract, in which, under a solemn

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