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one degree in Arts, holy orders, had Garstang, * and afterwards at Preston some little cure in his own country in Amounderness, in his own country; conferred on him, and afterwards re- a zealous man for carrying on the lief from William Earl of Bedford, * beloved cuuse, and active against the who caused him also, if I mistake not, orthodox clergy, when he was apto be put into the list of his Majesty's pointed an assistant to the commispreachers appointed for the county of sioners for the ejecting of such whom Lancaster.
they then (1654, 2 Oliver Protector) Afterwards, upon the change of called scandalous and ignorant ministimes, he sided with the Presbyterians, ters and schoolmasters. He hath then dominant, took the covenant, † written: became a preacher of the gospel at “Prima, mediu et ultima; or the
first, iniddle and last Things ; wherein
is set forth, 1. The Doctrine of Regene#" Created Marquis of Tavistock and ration, or the New Birth. 2. The PracDuke of Bedford in 1694.” He was the tice of Sanctification, in the Means, father of William Lord Russel, whom that Duties, Ordinances, both private and royal profligate Charles !!. sacrificed in public, for continuance and increase 1683 io his brother's malignity. To the of a godly Life. f 3. Certain MeditaEarl of Bedford is attributed the following severe but well-merited reproof : when James II. applied to him in 1688 # Whence he was ejected in 1662, for his assistance, the Earl excused him- though it appears he had no insurmonnself, now an old man, but added, that he table objection to the Liturgy. " A little had once a son who might have served after the King's restoration," says Calamy, the King in his extremity.
" there was a meeting of above twenty + « The Solemn League and Covenant" ministers at Bolton, to consult what in 1613. See Oldmixon's Stuarts (1740) course to take. Mr. Ambrose and Mr. 238, 239 ; Parl. Hist. XII. 402, 403. Cole, of Preston, declared before them Whitelocke gives the following account: all, that they could read the Common
“ Sept. 25, 1643. Both Houses, with Prayer, and should do it, the state of the Assembly of Divines and Scots Com- their places requiring it, in which othermissioners, inet in St. Margaret's Church, wise their service was necessarily at preWestminster, where Mr. White, one of sent at an end."-Account, (1713,) p. 409. the Assembly, prayed an hour to prepare + This is probably the book mentioned them for taking the Covenant, then Mr. in the following interesting narrative by Nye, in the pulpit, made some observa- Mr. Benja in Bennet : tions touching the Covenant, shewing the “ A number of young men in the town warrant of it from Scripture, the exam- of Newcastle (about thirty) met together ples of it since the creation, and the once a week for mutual assistance and benefit to the Church.
improvement in religion; for which pur“ Mr. Henderson, one of the Scots pose they spent some time in prayer and Commissioners, concluded in a declara- conference, having subscribed a paper tion of what the Scots had done, and the containing rules for the better ordering good they had received by such covenants, such a society, and the work to be done and then he shewed the prevaleucy of ill in it; taken out of a book of Mr. Isaac counsels about the King, the resolutions Ambrose's. One of the society, upon of the states of Scotland to assist the what inducement he best knows, turns Parliament of England.
informer; and having a copy of this dan« Then Mr. Nye, in the pulpit, read gerous paper, with the names of the subthe Covenant, and all present held up scribers, makes a discovery, and the whole their hands, in testimony of their assent to matter was laid before Judge Jefferies at it; and afterwards, in the several houses, the assizes. subscribed their names in a parchinent “ The offenders (some of whom are roll, where the Covenant was written : found in Court, and others of them the Divines of the Assembly and the brought in by the sheriff) are presented Scots Commissioners likewise subscribed before his Lordship’s tribunal : such as the Covenant, and then Dr. Gouge, in know his Lordship's character will easily the pulpit, prayed for a blessing upon it. imagine (and some well remember it)
« The House ordered the Corenant to with how much indignation and conbe taken the next Lord's-day, hy all per- tempt he would look down upon these sons in their respective parishes, and the young men. One of them, Mr. Thomas ministers to exhort them to it."- Mem. Verner, who had but a mean aspect at (1682) p. 70.
best, (and the work he was taken from VOL. XVII.
tions of Man's Misery, in his Life, Johnson, * and John Waite, B.D., in
Ephes. v. 16,"1658. “Looking unto
by Richard Baxter, dated at London,
29th November, 1661, and the other made him appear at that time meaner by William Cole, dated at Preston, than ordinary,) his Lordship was pleased 8th October, 1661. f. He hath also a to single out, no question, to triumph sermon extant, preached at the funeover his ignorance, and thereby expose ral of Lady Houghton. all the rest. “Can you read, Sirrah?' says he. “Yes, my Lord,' answers Mr. Verner.
He diell suddenly of an apoplexy, 1
as I have heard, but when, I know
• “Master Herl," “ Master Anger," and pause for some while.
“ Master Thomas Johnson,” are named “ The issue of the matter-was this: with “ Master Ambrose," and six others, That the young men, though never tried, as assistants to the Commissioners « for were sent to jail, where they lay above a
the county of Lancaster." See the Ordi-
was lecturer of Dedham, in Essex," —
I“ In 1664, aged 72. He lived in the “ Rector,” says Wood, “ of one of the latter part of his life at Preston, and richest churches in England, which is at
when his end drew near, was very senWinwick, in Lancashire-elected one of sible of it. Having taken his leave of the Assembly of Divines in 1643, being many of his friends abroad, with unusual then a frequent preacher before the Long solemnity, as if he foresaw that he should Parliament,” by whom, " in 1646, he
see them no more, he came home to was voted Prolocutor, after the death of Preston from Bolton, and set all things Twisse. In 1647, he, with Stephen Mar- in order. In a little time some of his shall, went with certain Commissioners hearers came from Garstang to visit him. appoiuted by the Parliament into Scot- He discoursed freely with them, gave land, to give them a right understanding them good counsel, told them he was of the affairs of England. -After the King now ready whenever his Lord should call, was beheaded, he returned to his rectory and that he had finished all he desigued of Winwick," where “ he died and was
to write ; having the night before sent buried in 1659."-Athen. Oxon. II. 151, away his discourse concerning Angels to 152.
the press. He accompanied his friends t" Born at Dedham, in Essex," and to their horses, and when he came back, « educated in Cambridge.” He was
shut himself in his parlour, the place of ejected from Denton in 1662, but by the his soliloquy, meditation and prayer ;
brother to Nicholas Byfield, * was sacrament, unless they would take it bom in Worcestershire, and at 16 in any way, except kneeling, &c. years of age, in 1615, became either a He was one of the Assembly of Diservitor or batler t of Queen's Col- vines, a great covenanter, an eager lege. Taking the Degrees of Arts, he preacher against bishops, ceremonies, left the University, and through some and being a frequent and constant petite employments, (of which the cu- holder forth, was followed by those of racy or lectureship of Islesworth was the vicinity, especially such who were one,) became rector of Long Ditton, of his persuasion. İo 1654 he was in Surry, a leading man for carrying appointed an assistant to the commison the blessed cause, a reformer of his sioners of Surry, and was not wanting church, of superstition, (as he called in any thing whereby he might exit,) by plucking up the steps leading press bis zeal for the aforesaid cause. to the altar, and levelling it lower than His works are these : the rest of the chancel; by denying “The Light of Faith and Way of his parishioners (particularly his pa- Holiness, shewing how and what to tron that gave him Long Ditton) ibe believe in all Estates and Conditions,"
“Doctrine of the Sabbath vindithey thought he stayed long, and so
cated: or a Confutation of a Treutise opened the door, and found him just expiring.
of the Sabbath. Written by Mr. Ed. “ It was his usual custom, once in a
ward Brerewoo * dagainst Mr. Nichoşear, for the space of a month, to retire las Byfield,” 1632. into a little hut in a wood, and avoiding all human converse, to devote himself to contemplation.—His works were printed with reflecting upon him in his sermons. altogether, iu folio, in 1689."-Calamy's Whereupon Oliver told Mr. Byfield it Account, p. 410.
was very ill done; for that Sir John was ..“ Of Exeter College. He left the a mau of honour in his country; and if University to go into Ireland; but at he had done any thing amiss, he ought Chester he was, upon the delivery of a to have told him of it privately, and with noted Sermon, invited to be pastor of St. respect. Mr. Byfield took God to witPeter's Church there.--At length he had ness, that he had never designed any the benefice of Islesworth conferred on reflection upon him in his sermons, and him, where he died in 1622, aged 44. he did it with that solemuity and seriHis writings shew him to have been a ousness that Oliver believed him. And person of great parts, industry and rea- thereupon turniug to Sir John Evelyn, diness.
Sir,' said he, 'I doubt there is something “ He left behind him a son named indeed amiss : the word of God is peneAdoniran Byfield, who became first trating, and finds you out. Search your known for the lore he bore to the righ. ways. This he spake so pathetically, and teous cause, by being chaplain to Col. with such plenty of tears, that both Sir Cholmondeley's regiment in the army of John and Mr. Byfield, aud the rest that kobert Earl of Essex in 1642, and soon were present fell to weeping also. He after for his being one of the scribes to made thein good friends before parting : the Assembly of Divines, and a most He saw them shake hands, and embrace zealous covenanter. He was afterwards each other before he dismissed them. minister of Collingboru in Wilts, and To bind the friendship the faster, Oliver assistant to the Commissioners of that asked Sir John what it would cost to recounty, 1654. He died about the time pair the charch? He told him the workof his Majesty's restoration."- Wood, I. men reckoned it would cost 2001. He 402, II. 230.
called for his secretary Malin, and gave + See supra, p. 224.
him orders to pay Sir Johy Evelyu 1001. Sir John Evelyn. Ou occasion of towards the repair of the church. And a great difference" between them, now, Sir,' said he, 'I hope you'll pay or " about repairing the Church," Calamy raise the other hundred;' which lie ihankgives the following particulars :
fully undertook to do. Aud they lived "Mr. Byfield went to Oliver Cromwell very amicably afterwards.”—Account, pp. (who was at that time Protector) and 664, 665. complained of his patron. He contrived * Now principally known by his “Enquihow to get them both with him together, ries touching the Diversity of Languages and at length having compassed it, found and Religion through the chief Parts of their account agreed exactly, except in one the World,” first published in 1614, the thing. For Sir John charged Mr. Byfield year after the author's decease, at Gre,
« The Power of the Christ of God; among the godly, and such that freor a Treatise of the Power, as it is quented his conventicles, that he was originally in God the Father, and by a pious, good and harinless man.” him given to Christ his Son,” &c., (Athen. Oxon.) 1641.
LIGNARIUS. Several Sermons, as, J. “Zion's Answer to the Nation's Embassadors,"
Liverpool, &c. : Fast Sermon before the House Sir,
April 6, 1822. of Commons, 25th June, 1645,
OUR Isuiah xiv. 32. 2. “Sermon on 1 Cor. 167) endeavoured to point out iii. 17,” 1653.
the advantages of Presbyterianism in The Gospel's Glory, without Pre. Ireland. Circumstances may, perhaps, judice to the Law, shining forth in the exist in that country, which render Glory of God the Father, Son, and useful or even necessary some kind of Holy Ghost, for the Salvation of Sin- church government, which elsewhere ners, who through Grace do believe, would be deemed decidedly hostile to according to the Draught of the Apos- that liberty “ wherewith Christ has tle Paul in Rom. iii. 34,” 1659. made us free;" but I have been mis.
Whether any other matters were by inforined if the Irish Synods are him published, I know not, nor any merely “tribunals for the preservathing else of him, only that after hc tion of temporal funds and property." had been cjected from Long Ditton “No creed,” says Senior, " is for Nonconformity, he retired to Mort- imposed; no authority is assumed over lake in Surry, where, dying in 1664, conscience; no absolute power of dehe was buried in the church there, cision, but simply the Christian right leaving this character behind him, and duty of exhorting, of admonishing,
of warning.” In opposition to these
assertions, I have been led to believe, sham College, where he was Professor of from good authority, that these eccleAstronomy. See Ward's Lives, pp. 74– siastical bodies have the power of put76. It is remarkable that this learned ting down religious discussion whenperson has no place in the Biog. Brit. Edward Brerewood was a native of I am not mistaken, no book or tract
ever they please, for by their laws, if Chester, and sometimes an auditor of N. Byfield, against whose sabbaticul no
involving theological opinion can be tions he wrote “"A Treatise of the Sab- published, unless the MS. first underbath,' which coming in MS. into the goes the inspection of the Presbytery, hands of N. Byfield, and by him answered, who can withold certain pecuniary was replied upon by Brerewood, in ' A benefits from those who are hardy Second Treatise of the Sabbath.'—John enough to resist their mandates. Here Ley wrote partly against him in his Sun- is “authority over conscience" with duy a Sabbath. An old and zealous Puritan, named Theophilus Brabourne, an damper it has been to all reform be.
a vengeance, and a pretty effectual obscure schoolmaster, or, as some my, a yond a certain defined limit, prescribed Sabbath, in his books published 1628 by the warrant of individuals. In short, and 1631. -Thomas Broad, who was
religious information and inquiry is at esteemed an Anti-Sabbatarian, did write
as low an ebb in Ireland as can well alınost to the same effect that Brerewood be conceived; nor will it be otherwise did."
till the unhallowed shackles of eccleBrerewood“ never published any siastical domination be totally broken, thing while he enjoyed this earthly taber- and consigned to the darkness whence nacle, yet, to avoid the fruitless curiosity they sprung. of that which some take upon them, to Were our brethren in the Sister know only that they may know, he was Kingdom to resolve on thus emanciever most ready in private, either by pating theinselves, I believe the energy conference or writing, to instruct others, of truth and right reason would do repairing unto them, if they were desirous of his resolution, in any doubtfuu more for them, than calling in the un. points of learning within the ample cir- scriptural aid of constituted authoricuit of his deep apprehension." --Wood, ties to propagate Presbyterianism; 1. 332, 333.
nor would the assistance of the The day of " the Monthly Fast.” “ Church of Scotland,” which is inWhitelocke, p. 147. (Lignarius.) voked in one of their recent reports,
be thought at all essential for the pre- clusion of the speech was that in Bartservation of a system “wbose builder lett's Buildings, composed, excluand maker is God.” JUNIOR. sively, of members of the Church of
England. These had very lately conApril 4, 1822. vened a special meeting for the purTHE references in your last Num- pose of resolving, that their church in England, have reminded me of a lature be prevailed upon to grant the design to offer you a MS., never print- solicited repeal. ed, which has been long in iny pos
SEXAGENARIUS. session. It is a copy and, I believe, a very correct one, of a speech delivered Speech, in 1792, on a proposed Address
to Dr Priestley. 30 years ago, at a general meeting in London, consisting of Delegates from
MR. CHAIRMAN, the Dissenters in the country, united
I believe I cannot serve the Dissenwith a committee from the deputies, ters of who sent me to this to concert measures for renewing their comınittee, more acceptably than by application to Parliament for a repeal supporting this motion ; ' because, of the Corporation and Test Acts.
though they hold, in general, religiThe speaker was a delegate from a ous opinions very opposite to those of large county, abounding with Dissen- Dr. Priestley, yet they understand the ters, who were, almost exclusively, Cal- difference between polemical distincvinistic. The question discussed
tions and those principles upon which
was, the propriety of addressing Dr. Priest- Dissenters are, or should be united. ley and the Dissenters at Birmingham, It is, Sir, a master-piece of craft on occasion of the Riots. The result with our enemies, after uniting us all of the discussion was “An Address by penalties and civil disabilities, to of the Deputies and Delegates of the endeavour to divide us upon theologiDissenters in England to the Sufferers cal questions; and I think one princiin the Riot at Birmingham.” This pal good effect of the addresses proaddress, dated Feb. 1, 1792, which is posed, and especially of that to Dr. to be found in the Appendix to Dr. Priestley, will be to counteract such Priestley's Appeal, contains the fol- designs. For when the representalowing paragraph :
tives of the Dissenters of England, “While, however, as sustaining one
persons holding such various opinions, common character, we are anxious to pay has suffered for his adherence to their
agree to shew respect to a man who this sincere tribute of affectionate and fraternal sympathy to all our injured bre- general rights, they declare to the thren, we are persuaded that we shall gra- world, that though there are questions tify alike your feelings and our own, on which men who think for themwhen, waving our various speculative, and selves must continue to disagree, there especially our theological differences, we are also principles upon which they desire to express our peculiar concern on will be united, while the legislature the account of that distinguished indivi. shall join them together by oppressive dual whom the rancour of this cruel per- statutes and unjust restrictions; and, secution selected as the first victim of its at the same time, such a measure may rage. Deeply convinced of the import- tend to encourage some of our wellance of truth, we unite in admiring the ardour which he has ever discovered in meaning but more prejudiced brethe pursuit of it; as freemen, we applaud thren, to study the principles of civil his unremitted exertions in the great and religious liberty, even in the writcause of civil and religious liberty; as ings of Dr. Priestley. friends to literature, we are proud of our I esteem that gentleman as exemalliance with a name so justly celebrated plary in his character as a Christian as that of Dr. Priestley; and we pray as he is distinguished in the walks of the Almighty Disposer of events long to science, and I hope I shall never be continue to us and to the world, a life ashamed to profess such an opinion of which science and virtue have contributed such a man ; but were Dr. Priestley to render illustrious.” (See Priestley's a deist in principle and a libertine in Works, XIX, 568.]
practice, we might with the greatest The society mentioned at the con- propriety send him an address, if he