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this easy labour ou behalf of the we knew not that we should want to dig cause to which he has publicly and deep. for water, and of course could not solemnly devoted himself?

provide for an exigency that was not known to exist. Dig deep,' I have said;

but one hundred feet is thought, by a Art. II.--Letters from the Illinois, gerous enterprise; we have, however,

western American to be a vast and dan1820, 1821. Containing an Ac- with us Englishmen who have been far count of the English Seitlement at into the bowels of the earth in England, Albion and its Vicinity, and a Re- and have no sort of fear of there not futation of various Misrepresenta- being abundance of water in Albion ; tions, those more particularly of already have we experienced the benefit Mr. Cobbett. By Richard Flower. of these exertions ; but while our dryWith a Letter from Mr. Birkbeck; weather traveller was reporting our inand Notes by Benjamin Flower. conveniences, he should have stated it 8vo. pp. 76. Ridgeway. 1822. the whole of the western country: that

was an unusual season which pervaded 28. 6d.

Kentucky and Ohio were worse than the WO of these Letters were com- Illinois ; aud that in Indiana, in the best

municated by the Editor to our watered districts, springs, rivulets and Repository; (Vol. XV. Nos. for Au. wells were exhausted. Such an instance gust and October, 1820 ;) they are

has never before occurred during the here re-published as an introduction memory of the oldest inhabitants. The to two others of considerable length, willingly give a false account) has stated,

same person (who I know would not and of a more recent date from Mr. that so short was the water, that we were Richard Flower. To these are added obliged to send our cattle into ludiana. a Letter from Mr. Birkbeck. "And That our herds were in Indiana is very Mr. B. Flower has put a Preface and true, but that they were sent there on Notes to the publication, with a view account of want of water, is equally chiefly to refute the unwarrantable untrue. We have in Indiana, about and cruel charges of Mr. Cobbett. twelve miles distant, some high ground

The Illinois settlement has attracted in the midst of low laud, subject to be considerable notice in England, and overflowed ; on this low ground grows various reports of it have been pub extraordinary height; the tender

shoots

the most luxuriant cane, springing to an lished by travellers, from ocular in- of which, affording excellent food for spection or from rumours picked up cattle, we send them in the winter seain the vicinity. Some of these repre- son, with the exception of milch cows sentations give rather a gloomy picture and working oxen, to fatten. Our cusof this agricultural retreat ; but Mr. tom is somewhat similar to that of the Richard Flower shews that they are farmers of the upland districts in Engenerally untrue and sometimes con- gland, who send their stock into the fens tradictory; and in naming this gentle- of Lincolnshire, to fatten ou coleseed man we feel ourselves intitled to say, and superabundant grass. So we dispose that the most unqualified confidence of our herds when the winter draws to may be placed in all his statements

a close. To this may be added, that the and descriptions. Speaking of English paturally, is the most luxuriant pasturage

cane in the low river bottoms, growing visitors, he says,

for summer feeding : and as we only pay « One of these trarellers visited us

the expense of the herdsman, the food when the snows were melting, and the either there or in the cane costing to rains descending: he reports us to be thing, and the herdsman living there

, dwelling upon the swamps of the Wa we leave our herds; so it was true that bash ; and our lands to be so wet that they were in the cane, but were not meet they are vufit for either cattle or sheep there on account of the want of water. to thrive on; and on that account nu When this person reported that there was suitable for the purposes of an English shortness of water amongst us, he should farmer.

have added, that fine wells were no rarity “ Another passed through our country in the vicinity of Albion ; that he drank in an unparalleled drought; and reported as fine water from our well as he ever us to be in a sad situation for want of tasted in his life ; and that from the water. There was some degree of truth grounds of Richard and George Flower, in this, but a very partial degree, owing Albion, and even a part of Wanborongh to his not stating the circumstances of

were supplied. the case. Our town is situated very high,

" It will, therefore, appear that this and till we had experienced some drought person, as well as many others, told the

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truth, but very partially, and not the We have public worship, and ample supwhole truth, and on that account are not plies of sermons from pious, practical to be depended on. At the very time he preachers, from the Catholic to the Sociwas visiting us, a person from Kentucky nian Creed, which are read on the Sab. assured us that we were better off than bath. But, above all, we have the incor. they were at Kentucky and Ohio."_Pp. ruptible seed of the word of God which 32-35.

liveth and abideth for ever; and it is with The moral portraits of the whole pleasure I can assure my readers, that American people, drawn by travellers, there is an increasing congregation, and, are very inconsistent. We really fear trust, increasing religion amongst us. that there are some dark shades in the But if it was otherwise, surely this should character of our Transatlantic kins. religious zeal to join us, who have emi

be rather an argument for persons of men. Boston, in New England, is gration in view ; to come over to Macelikely from various causes to present donia and help us, rather than shrink from the most favourable specimen of Ame- such a task. At least it is not apostolic rican manners and morals; but this or evangelic feeling that would draw a northern metropolis of the union would different conclusion. seem to prove that these young states “ When I was at Philadelphia, a lady have already attained the maturity of of the Society of Friends addressed me social depravity, if we may rely upon most emphatically on the subject :the following statement in a recent

• Wilt thou, friend Flower, take thy number of the North American Re family to that infidel and wicked settle siew, the first without dispute of the be a Christian ; how wilt thou answer

ment in the Illinois ? Thou appearest to American Journals, published too in to thy God for endangering the precious Boston itself :

souls of thy dear children?' "Madam,' “In the town of Boston, which is answered I,“ my destiny appears to be in as well-governed and as sharply watch- the Illinois settlement: and rather than ed as any city in the Union, it is sup- turn from thence on the account you posed there are two thousand men and have mentioned, you have furnished me women who live by profligacy, fraud with a forcible argument to proceed. I and felony; and that they obtain in trust I am, as you have supposed, a sincere one way or another, at least one dollar Christian, and as it is my special duty to per day each, making in the whole the go, where reforination is so necessary, 1 enormous sum of 730,000 dollars per for the blessing of the Most High. It is

will endeavour to perform it, and hope annum."

for us to use the means. We know who If such be the laxness of morals at it is to command success in our present Boston, we cannot expect any extra- state and future prospects.'"-2p.42–44. ordinary purity in the back settlements where the restraints of law must be In a note on this passage, Mr. B. very lightly felt. Mr. Richard Flower Flower makes some just and important exhibits the true Christian temper, in remarks upon the absurdity of infidebeing more disposed to combat the lity and the improbability of its preimmoral babits of some of his neigh- vailing to any great extent, except bours than to deny or disguise them. where “the alliance between Church

“ The reports of the wickedness and and State” supplies it with arguments irreligion of our settlement, with a view and motives. He quotes in a sub-note to prevent individuals from joining us, Dr. Gaskin's description of the Church have been industriously spread far and of England, extracted into one of our near. That there is a diversity of cha- early Volumes, (II. 102,) in which the racter in every part of the globe, will not governors of this society" are said to be denied ; that this diversity esists here

* form a kind of aristocracy respectis equally true; and that a portion of its inhabitants is of an immoral cast, will ing the community at large, but each be as readily admitted ; that we have particular governor in his proper disnot left human nature with its infirmities trict is a sort of monarch, exercising and propensities behind us is equally a his function both towards the inferior fact ; and even if it should be admitied ministers and laty, according to the that, unliappily, a larger portion of the will of the supreme head of the church," dissipated, the idle and the dissolute are and to this curious text adds the folto be met with in new countries than is lowing no less curious commentary : usually to be found in old ones, yet we have the same antidote for these mis “ How any man, with the New Testa. chiefs—the light shining in a dark place. ment before him, conld possibly call such

VOL. XVII.

21

an aristocratical and monarchical church, quiry into the nature and amount of our one' formed according to the will of the church revenues' ? Would Christianity Supreme Head,' when he well knew that suffer if a Bishop of Winchester, or a it was diametrically opposite to the letter Bishop of Durham, had not £30,000 or and spirit of the most solemn, particular £40,000 a year! or if our over-grown and repeated directions of the great Head church revenues in England, and more of the Church on this subject — Call especially in that still more oppressed no man your master on earth; one is your country, Ireland, where the bishoprics master, even Christ, and all ye are bre are in general richer, and many thousands thren, &c.'-1 shall not stay to inquire; are wrung froin a long-oppressed and but it may amuse the reader just to ob- impoverished people, not unfrequently in serve how this clerical pluralist exercises places where little or no duty is por

his function towards the laity,' and more formed, were inquired into? Let Britain especially as it relates to lithes,-that look at the church reformation which has species of property which was first volun- taken place in France, and is now going tarily given by the people for various forward in Spain and Portugal, the abobenevolent purposes, but of which they lition of tithes, and the resumption of were afterwards robbed by the clergy, the useless and hurtful revenues of the who appropriated them to their own sole church, and blush at her bat and moleuse. How they are sometimes raised, like stupidity !"-Pp. 63, 64. even in the present enlightened age, I

Mr. B. Flower hits some hard blows lately discovered in a catalogue, at a sale of a pawubroker's unredeemed pledges, at Mr. Cobbett in the concluding note, where, amongst other names and descrip- which we observe that this practised tions of property, I read as follows: literary pugilist endeavours in a late

' Lots sold under a distress for tithes Register to evade by dexterous bydue to the Rev. Dr. Gaskin, Rector of play. the United Parishes of St. Benet, Gracechurch Street, of St. Leonard, Eastcheap Art. III. - A Help to Scriptural [and of St. Mary, Newington].' “ Then follow eight lots of writing

Worship, containing the Principal paper, silver table and tea spoons, &c.

Services of the Church of England, ". The following sold under a distress in some things altered, according to for tithes due to the Red. Mr. Parker, the Plan of Dr. Samuel Clarke: (son-in-law of Dr. Gaskin,) Rector of St. short Fumily Prayers : and a SelecEthelburga.'

tion of Psalms and Hymns : with “ Then follow fire lots of yellow and an Appendix, exhibiting various mottled soap!

Readings of the Text of the Nero “ I cannot help expressing my surprise

Testument. 12mo. pp. 332. Exethat my countrymen will not, on this subject, take a hint from that great aud

ter, printed and sold by Hedgeland; liberal-minded statesman, the late Lord

sold also by Hunter, London. 4s. Chatham, at the commencement of the

6d. 1821. Ainerican war, when our debt and taxes THE plan of this work is explained! were not one-fifth of what they are at

the Title. It is a reformed present. His Lordship, in a speech in Christian Common-Prayer Book, and the House of Lords, turning to the Right also a manual of private and family Reverend Bench, exclaimed, Let the

devotion. The anonymous compiler bishops beware of war; for, should the people be pressed for money, they know

seems to have wished to prepare pious where to look for it! It is a pity that offices for members of the Church of amidst so much nonsense with which England, dissenting from their own the nation is pestered at our agricultural church on the doctrine of the Trinity, meetings and in agricultural reports, and but carrying their dissent no farther so much injustice as is proposed for re- than simple Unitarianism implies. lieving the public, by Mr. Webb Hall on Hence this compilation differs from the one side, Mr. Cobbett and others on the Essex-Street liturgy chiefly in a the other, such as new corn laws, and closer adherence to the book of Combreaking public faith, &c., ruining thousands by the reduction of interest of the still more particularly, we would say

mon Prayer. If we must classify it national debt, our real resources should that it is adapted to such as embrace not even be hinted at. patriot to be found in either House of the Arian hypothesis, and, generally, the Legislature, following the excellent to such as are not scrupulous in the example of Mr. Hume respecting state use of commonly-received theological abuses, who will recommend, . An in- language. The editor has preserved

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the prayer against the craft and sub- which is founded upon the doctrine of tilty of the Devil” (p. 35), and that Christ's actual descent into hell; or for the conversion of heretics (p. 55). Hymn 39, written also by Watts, in

The “ Family Prayers" are simple ‘the days of his younger assurance," and fervent, and some of the best that which represents the incarnation of we have seen : amongst them, are Christ as changing the temper of the some forms of prayer for children, the Divine throne. highest recommendation of which is, Two or three of the original hymns that they are appropriate.

lead us to wish that the author had, Psalıns and Hymns” are se- without lessening the number, borlected with less regard to Scripture rowed fewer. than the Liturgy, and in several of The “Various Readings” in the them the editor appears to us to vio- Appendix are from Griesbach : in relate the principle laid down in the ference to these the editor says, with krst sentence of his Preface,-“that truth and force, (Pref. p. 9,)-“He the Bible, in its own text and lan- that truly loves the Bible must wish guage, is the one true and sufficient to see it freed from corruption; and rule of religion.” Something, it is there is a strange inconsistency in true, must be conceded to poetic li- some, who are warm advocates for cence; but this plea will scarcely this divine book, while they discountejustify Psalm 51, from Watts, which nance every attempt to restore it to asserts hereditary moral depravity; its original state." Psalın 68, from the same author,

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of Happiness, a Tale for the Grave and

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