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1782

died young.

List of Students educated at Mr. Coward's Academy, Daventry. 285 Year of Admission. Name.

Remarks. 1780, Eliezer Cogan, m.

Cirencester ; removed to Ware to assist in a

school; afterwards opened a school himself at Enfield ; remored to Cheshunt; became minister of a congregation settled at Walthamstow : one of the most learned of the Dissenting Ministers of his day; his merits gradually became very conspicuous; and his school very prosperous ; half-brother to the celebrated Dr. Thomas Cogan, one of the founders of the Humane Society, author of Travels on the Rhine, and of various Trea

tises on Metaphysics, Ethics and Theology. Ebenezer Beasley, m. Uxbridge ; where he keeps a very respectable

school.
John Wainewright, Esq. solicitor, Furnival's Inn.
d. John Rodick,

took orders, and held a living near Welling

borough. Charles Frederick Bond, took orders, and held a living in Essex. At the end of the Session, June 1781, Mr. Robins resigned the office of Principal

and Theological Tutor, on account of the loss of his voice, and was succeeded in September following by the Rev. Thomas Belsham, under whose superintendence

the following pupils entered the Academy. 1781, Samuel Pett, M.D. settled first at Plymouth, and afterwards at

Clapton, where he practises with a very high

degree of reputation and success. Roger Ward, m.

Kidderminster, as master of Mr. Pearsall's

school; preaches at Bromsgrove.
d. John Graham, Esq.

Reader Wainewright, Esq. London ; barrister at law.
Jeremiah Olive, Esq. London ; wine merchant; Bank Director.
John Merrick, m.

Stamford ; became a tutor in the family of

Benjamin Vaughan, Esq., M. P., whose sister he afterwards married, and settled at Hallo

well, in the State of Maine, in North America. 1783, Isaac Cook, m.

Narborough.
William Allard, m. Rotherham—Bury, Lancashire.
John Holland, m.

Bolton.
d. John Jenkins,

drowned in his passage to the East Indies. Thomas Smith,

of Yorkshire ; staid only three months. d. Edmund Butcher, m. London, Leather Lane-Sidmouth. Robert Kell, m.

Wareham-Nottingham-Birmingham. Benjamin Kingsbury, m. Warwick; left the ministry and went into

trade. John Corrie, m., F. R. S. removed to Hackney College ; became Clas

sical Tator; removed to Birmingham, and opened a respectable institution for young gentlemen ; elected minister of the old Meeting, which, to the great regret of the cougregation, he was soon compelled to

resign, on account of ill health. d. William Hawker, Esq. a youth from the Warrington Academy; who

died in May, 1784, before the close of the

Session.
Richard Chapman, Esq.

merchant, London.
Josiah Cottin, Esq. a colonel in the army.
d. Joseph Shrimpton, Esq. London.
John Davis, m.

seceder from Caermarthen-Collumpton. 1784, d. John Yerbury, Esq. Shire Hampton, near Bristol. Thomas Reynell, m. Crediton; left the ministry and cntered into

business. Thomas Davis, m. soon left the ministry and was called to the

bar.
d. George Hodgkins, m. from Caermarthen Academy-Stokc Newington,

Thomas Johnston, m. Wakefield.
James Scott, m.

Cradley-Stourbridge.

Year of
Name.

Remarks.
Admission.
1784, John Kentish, m.

removed to Hackney College-Plymouth Dock

Hackney; colleague with Mr. Belsham at the Gravel Pit-St. Thomas's, SouthwarkNew Meeting, Birmingham, lately under

Dr. Priestley; a most flourishing society. d. John Fletcher, m.

Chosen to Plymouth Dock ; died of an apo

plexy soon after he had finished his studies,

and before he reached his destination, William Peard Jillard, quitted the ministry ; carried on a brewery at

Old Down, near Bath.
Thomas Smith, Esq. of Easton Grey, near Tetbury.
Ibbetson Fenton, Esq.
Christopher Mitchelson, of Berwick-upon-Tweed ; obliged to desist

from his studies on account of ill health. 1785, Goothridge, Esq. Hitchin, Herts. William Shepherd, m. removed to Hackney College-Gateacre-Laj

cashire; highly distinguished as an eloquent

leader of the popular party at Liverpool. Theophilus Harris, m. America.

Gardner, m.
Thomas Moore, m. Dartmouth-Kingswood-London.

Thomas Sanderson, Esq. Chowbent.
d. John Evans,

from Hoxton ; died before he finished his stu

dies. George Lee, m.

from Hoxton-Belper-Hull. 1786, di John Edwards, ni.

from Hoxton-Warwick-Gateacre-Birming

ham New Meeting-London : a lecturer at the Old Jewry) one season; drowned in

bathing near Wareham. d. George Wiche, m.

from Hoston - Monton, near Manchester ;

went to America, and died of yellow fever.
d. Thomas Patterson, m. from Hoxton-Daventry-Ashby de la Zouch.
d. Daniel Wright, Esq. Bristol.
John Kettle, Esq.

Birmingham.
Thomas Keay, Esq. Whitchurch.
Israel Worsley, m. Dunkirk, escaped with dificulty Lincoln-

Plymouth.
Samuel Palmer, m. son of the Rev. J. S. Palmer of Hackney;

keeps a flourishing school at Chigwell.
John Williams, m.

Uffcombe-Norton-Halifax-Mansfield; a

student first at Caermarthen, afterwards at
Hoxton, then at Daventry; keeps a respec-

table school at Mansfield.
Jonathan Eade, Esq.
John Finch Simpson, Esq. Launde Abbey, Leicestershire.
John Willett, m.

John Norris, m.
d. George Moore,

left the Academy before he had finished his

studies.
William Morgan, m.
Oliver Bernard Galvez Ja-

cinto Procopio Pelock, Esq. of New Orleans.
Malachi Blake, M. D. Taunton.

Joseph Bond, Esq. banker, London,

d. John Humphreys, Esq. died at Northumberland in North America. 1787, Benjamin Davis, m. Chowbent; settled with a large and flourishing

congregation of well-informed Unitarians. William Priestley,

second son of Dr. Priestley, America.'
Samuel Heineken, Esq.
Thomas Kinder, Esq. Stoke Newington.
William Busk, Esq.

London.
Hans Busk, Esq.

London.
Thomas Warwick, m., M.D. Rotherham-Manchester.
William Stevenson, m. Classical Tutor at Manchester ; privatc secre-

tary to Lord Lauderdale.

Names.

Year of

Remarks. Admission. 1787, John Tingcomb, m. Plymouth-Newport-Isle of Wight-Bridge

water. d. David Jardine, in. Bath ; highly respected ; died of an apoplexy

before he was thirty. d. T. Porter, m.

highly acceptable ; settled at Plymouth Dock ;

wrote an able defence of Unitarianism against Dr. Hawker ; suddenly deserted the

ministry, and emigrated to America. N. B. Messrs, Jardine and Porter left the Academy at Homerton to finish their

studies at Daventry. 1788, Samuel Rickards, Esq. London, William Field, m.

from Homerton-Warwick.
John Warren, Esq.

London.
Daniel Lister, Esq.

Hackney.
John Reid, M.D.

Grenville Street, London.
Lockhart Johnstone, Esq. Worcester.

Sparrow Stovin, Esq.
d. R. Raymond, Esq.

Edward Barron, Esq. Norwich.
Arthur Aikin, Esq. Shrewsbury-York; left the ministry, and is

now the very ingenious and scientific Secre-
tary to the Society of Arts, Manufactures

and Commerce. Oakden, Esq. Daventry. In June 1789, the Rev. THOMAS BELSHAM resigned his situation as Tutor, on

account of the change which had taken place in his theological sentiments : and the Academy was soon afterwards removed to Northampton, and placed under the care of the Rev. John Horsey.

N. B. The account of the Academy under Dr. ASHWORTH, to the year 1766, is compiled chiefly from a paper communicated to me by the late Rev. JOHN COLE, of Wolverhampton. The remainder is taken from my own memorandums and recollections. Mr. COLE's account was compared and corrected by Dr. ASHWORTH'S ledger.

T. B.

Of course,

Sir,

April 7, 1822. thy fellowo-disciples

therefore, it reflects upon the accuracy S your learned correspondent, of Whitby, Pearce, Campbell, and all enough to notice (p. 210) the inqui- admitted the possibility of either of ries which I lately made, through the these interpretations. But I am far medium of the Monthly Repository, from ng convinced that he is never (p. 76,) respecting the construction used in cases of opposition by the and interpretation of John xxi. 15, I writers of the New Testament. That beg leave, through the same medium, a comparison or a contrast is more to state how far his observations appear strongly marked by εμου, εμοι and εμε, to me to affect the interpretation in than by jou, pou and me, I am well favour of which I have decided. “ If,” aware ; but that the authors of the says he, “the sense were, 'Lovest New Testament have uniformly atthou me more than these?" the Greek tended to this distinction is by no onght to have been, αγαπάς εμε πλειον means evident.

Take the following TATAY." This remark, it will be ob- passages as examples :." He that served, applies to two out of the three cometh after me is mightier than 1:" interpretations which have been given to Xupotepos you. Matt. iii. I); see also of this passage: “Lovest thou me Mark 1. 7. My Father is greater more than thou lovest these things ?than I :ue Soy jou. John xiv. 28. viz., the instruments employed in thy “Why callest thou me (ue) good? trade as a fisherman ; and, “Lovest None is good but one, that is God.thou me more tlian thon lovest these Matt. xix. 17; see also Mark x. 18,

and Luke xviii. 19. “ If ye had known will be kind enough to offer some furme, (uk,) ye should have known my ther remarks upon the subject. Father." John xiv, 7. " He that

0.P. loveth me, (uk,) shall be loved of my Father." Ver. 21. “As the Father Sir, hath loved me, (us) so have I loved Trespondent T. F. B., in your

of you.” John xv. 9. chosen me, (uky) but I have chosen last Number, (p. 211,) brought forciyou." Ver. 16.

bly to my mind an observation which “But,” says your correspondent, I had made to a friend not a week in “suppose the sense to be, Lovest ago, which was, that the Unitarians, thou me more than these love me?' while they have endeavoured to shew the Greek is correct.” Whatever the absurdity of the popular doctrine the drift of our Lord's question may of the atonement, have not sufficiently have been, it was far from my inten- urged upon the public the true intertion to deny the correctness of the pretation of the phraseology on which Greek; for though the passage is now it is founded. This interpretation wrapt up in obscurity and ambiguity, will, I conceive, be found in the Ser. owing to the imperfection of written mons of the late Mr. Kenrick. This language, it was no doubt painfully able and excellent man has satisfacintelligible to the apostle when first torily shewn, " that the death or blood uttered, and accompanied with a tone of Christ has no efficacy in removing and gesture calculated to give it the moral guilt, but that, whenever it is intended effect. I merely observed spoken of as procuring the forgivethat it was usual, when there was a ness of sin, it relates entirely to restostrong opposition, to mark that oppo- ration to a sanctified or 'privilegeal sition by inserting the pronoun; and state, which in the language of both gave this as a reason, not for denying the Old and New Testament on many the possibility, but for questioning occasions is expressed by the forgivethe probability of the correctness of ness of sins." Sermon XIV. Vol. I. Doddridge's interpretation. I will Thirty years ago I was led to doubt now venture to add, that, if this had whether the death of Christ and the been the sense intended, the other forgiveness of sin in the usual senso apostles who were present, justly of this expression) were ever astoanxious to remove the imputation of ciated in the minds of the apostles

, being less zealous and sincere than and Mr. K.'s Sermons have convinced Peter in their attachment to Jesus, me that my doubts were not groundwould have been unanimous in en- less. To many, I am aware this de deavouring to free themselves from claration will appear strange, and will the consequences involved in such a seem to indicate a wish to dispose of comparison. When Christ said, during a plain Scripture doctrine by any exthe last Supper, in the presence of pedient. Against strong prejudices it the twelve," Verily, I say unto you, is not easy to reason with effect;! that one of

you
shall betray ine,"ihey would, ho

ver, just suggest to such " began every one of them to say unto persons the advantages which attend him, Lord, is it Io evidently with a the above-stated hypothesis. In the view of eliciting some remark which first place, it is founded upon a truly would lead to their exculpation : and scriptural interpretation of Scripture it appears to me highly reasonable to phraseology. In the second place, conclude, that a similar effort would gives a view of the consequences of have been made in the case supposed, the deatli of Christ which is conformato place their attachment to Jesus ble to fact. In the third place, it is free above the possibility of suspicion. from the difficulties which encumber But, as it is possible that I may still every scheme of the atonement which labour under some misconception the advocates of this doctrine have respecting the passage which it has hitherto been able to devise. been the object of this and my former While I have my pen in my hand, I communication to illustrate, I shall will make a remark or two upon a still feel obliged to Mr. Cogan or any observation which I met with the other other reader of the Mon: Repos., who day in the Quarterly Review, and which

the Reviewer considers as very admi- doeth shall prosper.” I adopt the rable and important; namely, that rendering proposed, in Ms., by a God is revealed to us not as he is ab- scholar of considerable taste and learnsolutely and in hinıself, but as he is ing, * and read, “it shall bring to relatively to us who are his creatures. maturity whatsoever it beareth.” AlerI am not deep in these mysteries ; but rick, in' his Notes on the Psalms, enI presume that the observation is in- deavours to justify the received transtended to intimate, that we must not lation of this clause, and to shew, by reason from the Divine attributes as

means of quotations from Greek and made known to us in Scripture, to the Roman authors, that there is nothing measures of the Divine administra- unusual in appropriating to the subtion. If such be its object, it might ject of a comparison expressions which as well have been spared. For, in the had been employed just before in the first place, it is altogether gratuitous. comparison itself. The fact, which In the next place, God cannot be ima- he takes so much pains to establish, is gined to possess absolutely any attri- readily admitted." Yet from this adbutes which stand opposed to those mission it does not, of necessity, folwhich he possesses in relation to his low either that the words before us creatures. And, consequently, if we contain an example of the practice, or know what God is in relation to inan- that all his citations are pertinent. In kind, we can reason with the same the fourth and fifth verses the respeccertainty and confidence respecting tive situations of the righteous man the measures of his government, as if and of the ungodly, are placed in conwe thoroughly understood what he is trast with each other, under similiabsolutely and in himself. If, for tudes, borrowed from natural objects: instance, we are assured that God is nor does it appear *reasonable to beinfinitely or (as the Reviewer would lieve, that within so short a compass say) perfectly good in relation to inan, a transition would suddenly be made we know just as well what to expect to a different figure of poetry. The at bis hands, as if goodness were annotator is not happy in his reference proved to constitute his moral nature to Virgil, Æn. IV. 300, &c. : and essence. In a word, unless reve

“ Sævit inops animi, totamque incensa Jation be intended to mislead and de

per urbem ceive, God can be nothing absolutely Bacchatur ; qualis commotis excita which will not allow him to be, in his sacris dealings towards his creatures, what Thyas, ubi audito stimulant trieterica he has declared himself to be.

Baccho
E. COGAN. Orgia, nocturnusque vocat clamore

Cithæron."
May 1, 1822. Here we have a comparison, and no-
Contributions to Scriptural Criticism. now used in a general, not in its pri-

thing more; the verb bacchatur being quodcunque potest. mary and specific, sense. + EV. xxvi. 34, 43. [2 Chron.

Psalm ü. 7. - this day have I “ Then shall the begotten thee :" upon which clause land enjoy her sabbaths.” This lan- Bengel has the following observaguage is sometimes interwoven with

tion : æternitas nunquain vocabulo modern thanksgivings for days of sa hodie significatur ; quare, ego hodie cred rest. In such an adaptation of genui te dicitur hoc sensu, hodie, deit, bowever, there can be no propriety. fini, declaravi, te esse natum meum.The phrase expresses a curse, and His remark conducts us to the just not a blessing : it signifies, that the rendering and sense of Luke xxiii. ground was to lie fallow through long years of captivity and desolation ; and in these circumstances the ordinances . The late Rev. Henry Moore. of religion, the weekly sabbaths, could + I am aware that Merrick's view of scarcely, if at all, be celebrated. the lines is countenanced by Servius : Psalm i. 8. ". whatsoever he but I prefer the comment of Heyne,

Bacchatur, summa cum vi dictum pro

discursitat." See, too, Æn. VI. 78. * Mon. Repos. VII. 456.

Gnomon, &c., in Acts xüü, 33. 2 p

LXI. 21.

VOL, XVU.

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