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rcligions, (the Roman Catholic, the Mr. Rutt who spoke immediately after Reformed Calvinistic, and the Augsburg “the better health of the Secretary" had Lutheran,) in admissibility to all the state been received with every mark of friendoffices of emolument, even the highest, ship and affection, referred to the very and of what nature soever."
fair appeal from the congregation of ParSuch is the brief, but, we trust, not uu- liament-Court Chapel. He recommended interesting sketch which our present limits to the attention of the Meeting the deand leisure have allowed us to offer of this sign of that congregation, should their Report, hoping, hereafter, to offer a fuller own efforts be kindly assisted, to erect in account. For the method and arrangement a very public and peculiarly accessible of the Report, the Committee, at the con- situation a commodious chapel, which, clusion, acknowledge themselves almost as that they now occupy bas ever beeu, entirely indebted to the Secretary's “co- would be freely offered for all the puroperation, rendered from the chamber of poses of the Unitarians at large. Mr. R. sickness.” They conclude by a wish for remarked, as a striking coincidence, that the Fund's justly-valued officer, in the just by the spot where, 160 years ago, spirit which dictated one of the subse- Biddle found a grave, his only refuge from quent resolutions of the General Meeting persecution for the Unitarian doctrine,
-" that the Supreme Disposer of events there would thus arise, as his proudest may restore to him the blessing of health, monument, a chapel, in which ihe doc—that he may long be preserved to dis- triue for which he suffered would be pense the glorious gospel of the grace of taught with an impressive eloquence God, in its native simplicity and its saving which probably that learned and pious power, to multitudes, in his own day, and confessor never possessed. to generations yet unborn."
Mr. Cordell, Treasurer of the Parlia
ment-Court congregation, was afterwards The Committee for the ensuing year called up to address the Meeting on the consists of the following gentlemen : subject of their project, in which we ven
JOHN CHRISTIE, Esq., Treasurer, ture to promise ourselves, that the Uni52, Mark Lane.
tarian body will soon practically discover THOs. HORNBY, Esq., Deputy Trea a generous interest. surer, 31, Swithin's Lane, Lombard The gratification of this Anniversary Street.
was lessened by the absence, under the Rev. W. J. FOX, Secretary, Dalstou. pressure of severe illness, not only of the Committee :
Secretary, but of the Rev. R. Aspland, a
valuable member of the Committee, the Mr. JOHN BOWRING,
wish for whose complete recovery, proMr. J. CORDELL,
posed by the Treasurer, was most affecMr. DAVID EATON,
tionately received. Dr. Thomas Rees Mr. JOSEPH FERNIE,
justly described how deeply the members Rev. J. GILCHRIST,
of the Unitarian Fund had been indebted Mr. SAMUEL HART,
to his friend, who had been their Secre. Dr. THOs. REES,
tary while his engagements would allow Mr. J.T. RUTT,
him to hold that ollice. Mr. RICHARD TAYLOR.
At the close of the Meeting, there was Auditors :
au amicable discussion between Mr. R. JAMES ESDAILE, Esq., Taylor, Mr. Hill and Mr. Rutt.
The CHRIST. RICHMOND, Esq.
latter, contrasting his friend Mr. Fox
with modern Christian persecutors, had, The subscribers and friends to the Uni- in the opinion of the fornier gentlemen, tarian Fund dined together, at the London
too severely censured the present ComTavern, the same day, Wm. Hainmond,
mon Sergeant. Mr. R., indeed, had not Esq., M. A., formerly Fellow of Queen's scrupled even to class that criminal judge College, Cambridge, in the Chair. The with his predecessor, for his very recent interest of the Meeting was chiefly kept conduct on the trial and condeinnation ap by speeches from the preacher, Dr. of an Unbeliever, as that trial was reMorell, the Treasurer, J. Christie, Esq., ported in the public prints. Mr. Frend, Mr. R. Taylor, Dr. T. Rees
N. L. T. and Mr. Wright, who, in an animated address, congratulated the company on
Unitarian Association. the promotion of intellectual improvement by all sects and parties, justly au Tue General Meeting of this Associaguring the increasing intluence of scrip- tion was held on Thursday, the 30th day tural Christianity from the daily accele- of May, at the London Tavern : Mr. Ruit rated progress of that irresistiblc power, in the Chair. Universal Education.
Owiug to the Treasurer's absence, his
zaccount could not be finally made, but couvey to the Committee of the Deputies the balance in hand appeared to be about and the Committee of the Protestant So£250.
ciety, the strong and decided feeling of The Report was received, and ordered this Association, that the present period to be printed and circulated in the usual imperiously calls upon Dissenters of all manner, with the exception of such por- denominations to concur and persevere tions as relate to the interests of indivi- in applications to Parliament for a Repeal duals and societies : in this department of the Corporation and Test Acts, and the Committee had been able to afford every other restriction upon the civil rights considerable assistance in several impur. of Nonconformists. That this expression tant instances.
of opinion be accompanied by an earnest Mr. Bowring, in a very interesting request to those bodies to co-operate in speech, detailed the result of his obser- agitating the question in Parliament du. vations in a long tour over Europe, and ring the ensuing session; and that, if dwelt forcibly on the duty of Christians necessary, the Committee call another of every denomination coming forward General Meeting of the Association preto protest against a secular and perse- vious to the session, to report progress cuting spirit. He described Infidelity as in pursuance of this resolution, and adopt every where making the most rapid pro- such measures as circumstances may then gress, which was in all places to be ascribed require. to the alliance of Christianity with perse Mr. Young was, in his absence abroad, cution and civil despotism. He recom- re-appointed Treasurer, and Mr. Richmended the eager adoption of every means mond was requested to discharge the of rescuing the faith which Christians re. duties of the office till it should be unvered from the reproaches to which its derstood whether it was agreeable to unholy alliances subjected it, and hailed Mr. Young, or consistent with his euthe rising spirit of freedom and indepen- gagements, to reassume the office. dence as opening the most valuable op Mr. Taylor was re-appointed Secretary; portunities for disseminating concurrent and Dr. T. Rees and Messrs. Fox, R. feelings of truth and justice in religious Taylor, M. D. Hill, Rotherham, Richmatters. One interesting fact he had mond, Hart, John Watson and Ferpie, that morning learnt by perusing the con were appointed the Committee of the stitution of the Republic of Columbia ensuing year. Almost every treaty or code published in Europe, certainly in Catholic countries, was entitled “ In the name of the holy Opening of the Unitarian Meetingand undivided Trinity:" this constitution
House, Bolton. was entitled, “ In the name of God, the On Easter Sunday, Aprii, 7th, 1822, Creator and Legislator of the universe." the Unitarian Meeting-House, Moor Lane, This code, moreover, contained no singlc Bolton, was opened for the worship of infringement on the fullest liberty of the the one true God the Father. Friends to Press, or the free enjoyment and expres- the cause were present from Audenshaw, sion of opinion by all sects.
Ashton - under - Line, Bury, Blackburn, Some discussion then took place as Birmingham, Cockey Moor, Chowbent, to the propriety of taking measures for Chorley, Duckinfield, Eccles, Failsworth, procuring a strong. Christian protest Holcome, Hoghton Tower, Haslingden, against any prosecution for the expres- Hindley, Ince, Leicester, Liverpool, Macsion of opinion on religious matters, and clesfield, Mellor, Middleton, Monton,Manseveral late judicial proceedings were re- chester, Maidstone, Newchurch, Preston, fiected upon in the warmest terms of Park Lane, Padiham, Rivington, Ratreprehension, as discreditable to our cliffe, Rochdale, St. Helens, Stand, SwiuChristian faith, and prejudicial to its best tou, Southport, Upholland, Warwick, interests. In the end it was understood Wigan, Walmesley and West Houghton. that the Comınittee would, as individu. In consequence of the lamented illness als, take the subject into their earliest of the Rev. W.J. Fox, the three services consideration.
were conducted by the Rev. George HarIt was resolved,
ris, the pastor of the congregation. That this Meeting has learned with On Monday, the congregation and great satisfaction the progress made in friends, to the number of 240, (increased obtaining relief on the subject of the after dinner hy the admission of 150 Marriage-Act, and that the Committee others, sat down to a plain and econobe requested to continue their exertious mical repast in the Cloth Hall, thre Rer. towards final success.
George Harris in the Chair. The interest And, after considerable discussion, it of the Meeting was excited and kept alive was farther resolved,
by several addresses from various indiviThat the Committec bc instructed to duals. And in the evening there was
religious worship at the Meeting-house, ble sum at the disposal of the Committee, when the Rev. Robert Cree, of Preston, and the greatest diligence and attention introduced the service, and the Rev. have been used to distribute with the utGeorge Harris preached. The whole of most advantage the means with which the services were very fully attended, and the Committee has been intrusted ; and the collection at the doors towards the with thankfulness they acknowledge the liquidation of the debt amounted to liberality of the public in pouring in the £101. 78. 104d.
funds which have been received. These H. they regard as a sacred trust—one of
such importance that their anxiety has The Annual Meeting of the IVestern
become increasingly painful, so high does
the excitement rise correctly 10 aequit Unitarian Society will be held at Credi. ton, on Wednesday, July the 10th, when
themselves of the task they have under.
taken. the Rev. Dr. Carpenter, of Bristol, is
It is well known that potatoes constiexpected to preach.
tute the chief support of the peasantry
of Ireland. The Committee, therefore, The Annual Association of Scottish have promptly despatched potatoes in Unitarians will be held in Glasgow, on large quantities, for seed, for the next the 28th of July, when the Rev. James year's food. The sum of £61,300, being Yates has agreed to preach.
about two-thirds of £92,363. 184. 1d. B. M., Secretary the whole amount of contributions re
ceived, has been sent in upwards of 330 The Annual Meeting of the Sussex remittances, to different districts of IreUnitarian Society will be bolden at Lewes, land, in which distress is most prevalent. on Wednesday, July 31, when the Rev. To enable the ministers of religion to J. Fullagar, of Chichester, is expected to exercise that beneficence wbich so he. preach.
comes the religion they profess, the fur. ther sum of £3400 has been placed at
the disposal of the Bishops, both ProDistress in Ireland, testant and Catholio--and in all places
to which assistance has been sent to [The Committee on “ Irish Distress" prevent absolute starvation, the Proteshave addressed the following communica- taut Clergy and the Catholic Priest have tion to us, and we cannot refuse their united with the resident gentlemen to request, however inconvenient and per- form local committees. But the months plexing, to give it insertion in the present of July and August will, they doubt not, Number. To what reflections does it present accumulated horrors, and call for give rise on the Government of Ireland, very large additional supplies. the Established Church of Ireland, and 'i'he months of July and Angust may similar topics ! But we forbear, at pre- be said to assail the Committee with sent, convinced that now “all mankind's fearful apprehension -willingly would concern is charity.” ED.)
they make reserve for these months, City of London Tavern,
which will, it is expected, resound with June 20, 1822. appalling cries from the dying Peasantry The Committee appointed by the Public of Ireland. This, however, in the preseut Meeting suddenly assembled on the first state of the funds, is impossible, for the intimation of the great and accumulating pressing solicitations still received by distress of the Peasantry of Ireland, have every post claim instant attention and now been in activity about six weeks. daily remittances. Not a day has passed but something has On the other hand, the Committee been done toward fulfilling the duties feels that it may confidently rely on the which the Committee has undertaken. results which will inevitably be produced
The distress which induced the con- by the “ King's Letter,” graciously issued vening of the first General Meeting was to the Clergy of Great Britain, to urge such as to convince it, that the most them to plead with, and to collect from, prompt and decisive measures were im- their respective congregations, donations periously required : and the accounts to their fellow subjects in the most abject then made known of the distress pre- state of poverty and distress. The Conivailing amongst the Peasantry of Ireland, mittee look up to Him, in whose hands have been more than amply confirmed, are the hearts of all men, that he will by immediate correspondence with gen- be pleased to incline them to assist the tlemen resident in places surrounded by needy in their extremity. They cannot the most fearful poverty and privation. doubt the exertions which will be made
The benevolence of all classes in the when the sufferings of Ireland shall be United Kingdom has placed a considera- more known -- fully known they can
scarcely be. The Committee have equal ty, unwholesome and unnutritious diet. confidence in the success of this plea, Moreover, in these times of great dewhen urged by the miuisters of religion pression, the gentry of the country who of whatever denomination; and they rely, reside upon their estates, and are the with confidence, on the repetition of that natural guardians and supporters of their generosity which heretofore rescued a people, not duly receiving their rents, considerable part of the German popula- many with the best disposition have it tion from the rninous effects of desolating not in their power to afford the relief war.
which their duty and their feelings would In this view they present to the public dictate ;- in short, if the government some extracts of letters, addressed to the could prove that provisions of all kinds Committee from persons of respectability, were in plenty, and at very reduced and which are but specimens of a mul prices (neither of which is now the case,) titude which the Committee are daily still we should be in want. receiving.
I went yesterday to Limerick with Mr. There are by the last returns over Harding, to Jay before the Committee the seven thousand persons totally dependant result of our visitation through the town on a fund of 5531. including the 3001, we
lands of our parish. On our commencing have received from your benevolent so
our task, Mr. H. took a book in his ciety; and three months must elapse pocket to enforce a faithful return; but before any of these will be enabled ef. indeed we but too svou found the melanfectually to provide for themselves. In a choly truth in each countenance; many population of 16,250, (comprehending the for a long time had but one meal for town and barony,) this is a fearful num
their families, and some had been eating ber of famishing pampers.
some little remnants of seed left in their It being totally impossible to minister quarter ground since last year, and many to the wants of all, scenes of the most had not in any way a single morsel to eat. agonizing distress are every day taking Just at the foot of Knocknaboula, a bog, place, which we have not the means to five in family had for some time been remedy.
living on the oatineal, brought by a boy The unfortunate pride of the people, of eight years of age in return for two 100, adds not a little to the calamity cleaves of turf, which he daily carried to one woman, with three children, died oj Loughill, and sold for three-halfpence ; actual starvation ; they were nearly a
the quantity of oatmeal at five-pence the week without sustenance, and the woman
pottle you know must be very small, and ashamed to make her case known before for that daily to go a distance of six assistance could be administered—they miles the two trips. The result of our were all found lifeless together.
visit was 1382 persons, 883 of whom were Many are seen to faint through mere
totally destitute of any means of obtainexhaustion during the necessary delaying food. There were 234 men able and that occurs in administering food, and willing in any way to work and provide it is the opinion of many of the Com- for themselves. One hundred and thirteen mittee, that were it not for the benevo. acres and a quarter remained untilled lent aid of the British public, the local short of their usual quantity. Want of subscriptious would be hardly sufficient food has brought the fever among us ; to purchase coffins for those who would die fifteen houses had its symptoms, and
twelve had sickness. of mere want. The Typhus fever and Dysentery are
From Listowel. also prevailing rapidly, and, as far as this
I hope you will allow an humble indi. world is concerned, the victims of either vidual to take this opportunity on behalf must be pronounced comparatively happy. of his unfortunate poor countrymen, to From his Gruce the Archbishop of Tuam. and the other gentlemen in London, who
return nost heartfelt thanks to you, Sir, Every article of provisions is very gene- have thus so humanely averted the imrally greatly rising; but there is a very pending and otherwise inevitable calamity considerable part of our population that of a famine, which threatened our poor have no interest in their rise or fall, be- and distracted country with all its appalcause in either case, having no employ- ling consequences. It would be in vain ment, they have no means to purchase to attempt any expressson of our feelings at any ratc subsistence for their families; on the occasion. Such disinterested and and I much fear that even in our best noble generosity in those who are strantimes many of our poor perish (if not by gers to us, and at such a moment ! It direct starvation) by the effects of scan must be grateful to the foelings of such
men to be assured that those humane support themselves on rock weed, limpets, efforts, as well as those making by our and the tops of netlles. Hundreds I have government, will save thousands of fa- daily witnessed tlocking to the sea-side mishing creatures from the death which to collect a scanty meal. It is scarcely otherwise awaited them. Hitherto they possible to convey to you an idea of their have been supported by the exertions of actual sufferings and privations : huma. a nearly exhausted country-exertions nity shudders on viewing their pale and stretched far beyond the means of those sickly forms, worn away by disease and making them, but no longer able to carry ine. In some of the wretched hovels them on. We have hitherto heard of but may be seen the father and mother of a few deaths arising from actual starvation, family lying down in the last stage of a but a short time more would make it fever, surrounded by their starved and tremendous, had it not been for this half-naked children, with no support, timely assistance. The pale and emaci- beyond the casual pittance bestowed by ated faces met with in the streets and on the charity of an unfortunate neighbour, the roads, proved the rapid approach of whose condition, with the exception of this last stage. I have known an instance sickness, is no way superior. of a man who for three days bad not a With feelings of joy and gratitude they morsel to eat, and then stretched exhausted hail the exertions made by a generous on his bed to diema trifle saved him, but public to alleviate their misfortunes; but his recovery was slow. It would be pain- without the influence of some kind friend ful to dwell on those instances of misery, is exercised, to have their situation imand I only mention them to shew how mediately attended to, relief will come timely the relief has been.
when it can no longer be considered a From Roscommon.
From Tarbut, I am induced to address you in consequence of finding your liberality extended
When we reflect on this glorious in. to several parishes in the neighbourhood stance of lively feeling and generosity on of the one I reside in, the poor of which the part of the English nation, any lanhave already received £50 remitted me
guage of ours would fail in giving adeby the Commissioners appointed by the quate expression to our most heartfelt Lord Lieutenant of Ireland ; which sum,
sentiments of gratitude on the occasion. along with private contributions, was
We shall, therefore, not attempt the applied to the relief of the two parishes
fruitless task, impressed as we are, that of Donamon and Kilbegnet, and is now
to great and generous minds such deeds very nearly expended ; and those two very
of humanity and generosity are their own
truest rewards. populous parishes will then be in the utinost possible distress, having no resident
But we beg further to state, that notgentleman in either of them (except my. withstanding the degree of relief we have self), which at this moment is not a very already received, the distress of our pining enviable situation, as there are nearly population is weekly and daily increasing three thousand inhabitants who in a few in consequence of the running out of the days will again be reduced to a state of last remnant of provisions, and the seastarvation.
son getting almost hopelessly late for From Killarney.
We therefore beg to add, that unless I will venture to say that no case, how- further and immediate relief be afforded, ever melancholy, that has come to the the distress from actual want of food knowledge of the London Committee, can for 2197 individuals, with a prospect of a in any particular surpass the actual mi. daily increase to that number, will be sery and wretchedness of the residents of calamitous in the extreme, as the fuuds Ibrickkane and the adjoining Barony. on hand are only equal to a scanty supEven in the best of times the appearance ply for six or seven days more. and condition of the poor creatures is sufficient to excite compassion. The soil,
From Mayo. the most barren that can be conceived, That the population of the parish of yields but a scanty supply of potatoes, the Kilmina exceeds eight thousand souls ; only article of food. Happy are they, if that, from the unprecedented calamity of they possess a sufficiency of this vegetable, the last season, and almost total failure and can add to their humble fare the of both the potatoe and fax crops, the luxury of a little milk. A total failure one half of those unfortunate beings are of the last year's crop deprived them of now literally in a state of starvation. the sole means of subsistence. To pro- And what renders it more melancholy, long a miserable existence, they have that the numbers crying out for relief are been compelled for some months past to increasing daily.