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were not brought forward by its friends,

JUNE 4. they themselves would take the sense of

Criminal Code. the Lords upon it. In the end, the 21st inst. was appointed for the second read Sir JAMES MACKINTOSH brought foring.

ward his promised motion, pledging the June 21st, the Bill was lost (on the House “to take iuto its serious consimotion for second reading) by a majority deration, at an early period of the next of 42. (Particulars hereafter.)

Session, the means of increasing the effi

cacy of the Criminal Law, by abating its Peterborough Questions. undue rigour in certain cases.” NumberThese new tests of Church-of-England less petitions had been presented to this orthodoxy were again brought before the effect from all parts of the country. The House of Lords, by petition, on June 7,

learned gentlemau urged the motion with when Lord Dacre and Lord HOLLAND a great weight of argument and with his made each an admirable speech in fa- usual force of eloquence. Hereafter, we vour of liberty of couscience. This mat- hope to be able to record his speech on ter is not likely to rest, and therefore

our pages. The ATTORNEY-GENERAL we hope to be able hereafter to register opposed the motion in a feeble speech, the entire debate.)

and concluded with moving the Previous Question. The motion was vigorously

supported by Mr. Fowell BUXTUN. Mi. HOUSE OF COMMONS, MAY 31. Peel argued for learing the subject in Poor-Laus.

the hauds of the government. The im

patience of the House prevented other Numerous petitions were on this and gentlemen from being heard, and a divipreceding days presented against Mr. sion took place, the result of which (anScarlett's projected measure. That nounced with great cheering) was, that gentleman now moved the 2nd reading there was a majority of 16 for the mo of his Bill. His measure embraced three tion, there being for it, 117– against great principles (see Mon. Repos. XVI. it, 101. 319, 499–501) referring to the three great causes to which the eril of the Poor Laws might be traced, viz., Ist,

JUNE 10. the restraint on the circulation of la Unitarian Marriage-Bill. bour; 2nd, the unlimited provision for the poor ; and 3rd, the indiscriminate MR. W. SMITH moved that the second application of that provision, which reading of the Marriage-Service Bill be led to profligacy, idleness and vice. The postponed to that day six months. When present Bill was designed to remove he had before brought this subject forthe first of these, and to prevent the re- ward, he thought that the principle of moval of the poor from parish to parish. the measure he proposed was as fair and The poor man's labour was his property, free from objection as any that could be and he ought to have the free use of it, devised. Since that period, however, and security from restraint and encroach- the new lights which he had received on

After some debate, the House this subject, and the conscientious obdivided and the numbers were, for the jection of several clergymen of the Church second reading 66, against it 82; conse of England, had induced him to think quently the Bill is lost. Some of the differently; and at present he should members that voted against the Bill move the second reading this day six seemed to admit the principle of it, and months, rather than press the House to to object only to the details. The pro- a division. poser, who laid great stress upon the ren The Marquis of LONDONDERRY thought dering of his measure to put down litiga- nothing could be more honourable or handtion, intimated that the petitions against some than the way in which the hon. gent. it were promoted by legal practitioners. decliued to press a Bill with which he was It was urged on the other side that liti. not altogether satisfied. gation would be much increased if the After a few words from Dr. Philliproposed Bill were to pass into a law. More, Dr. LUSHINGTON, Dr. Dodson and For this Sessiou, nothing further will evi. Mr. HUDSON GURNEY, the motion was dently be attempted in this momentous carried; and the Bill consequently in its concern; but it is scarcely possible that present shape was lost. After which, the public interest cau long allow the Mr. W. Smith obtained leave to bring in matter to rest, with all its weight of evil a Bill to alter and amend the said serupon it.



JUNE 13.

ment, which was 'lost by only the small Irish Tithes.

majority of 72 to 65. (We shall proba

bly hereafter returu to this interesting MR. GOULBURN, the Irish Secretary, debate.) obtained leave to bring in a Bill “to enable ecclesiastical and other persons in Ireland to grant leases of Tithes binding

FOREIGN. on their successors." This Bill is to em

FRANCE. power incumbents to lease Tithes for 21 A very curious document has been years certain to the proprietor (not the just addressed to the Courts of France, occupier) of the soil. To prevent abuses, by Bellart, the King's Attorney-General. the Tithe is to be given at a fair valua- It is a profession of the faith of the Ultra tion, and subject to the inspection and Royalists, and it would be hard to say, approbation of the ordinary. "The mover whether it breathes most of folly or of and other ministerial speakers were anx. ferocity. ious to support the right of Tithes as He accuses the Liberals of revoluprivate property, better defined and tionary projects. If he mean the projects guarded than any other species of pro- of 1789, he is right. France is in the perty, and to guard against the supposi- situation it was then, and must be saved tion of the intention or the power of go- by a re-creation or a re-exertion of the Feroment to interfere with this ecclesias- spirit that then sared her. If he mean tical property, as if it were in any seuse that the Liberals would bring about the national. The measure was opposed by events of 1793, he is a calumniator, and several Jrish members as wholly ineffeo he knows it. Danton, Marat and Robetual : they declared their perfect convic- spierre are the very anti-types of the tion that nothing would give relief to spirit that is now unfortunately dominant Ireland but the removal of the Tithe in France-a victorious minority too mad system altogether by a commutation. It to use victory with moderation. There was urged by the members of admiuis. are not so many scaffolds raised, but tration, that the proposed Bill would not there are as many victims marked out for stand in the way of a plan of commuta- destruction. tion, but would facilitate such a step, if

This state of things cannot last. We it should seem fit to be taken ; and that may take M. Bellart's assurance. He the expediency of a commutation was

has been well called the Jefferies of now under the consideration of govern- France,-1793 may yet be repeated in ment. On the other side, it was object. 1822. ed that the present Bill manifested an

The folly of the French Attorney-Geintention to abandon every larger and neral's address is so great, we should more effectual measure of 'relief. The not have noticed it but for its atrocity. Opposition no less than the Ministry main. It is intended to bring to the scaffold a tained in their fullest extent the rights number of noble spirits who have strugof the clergy.

gled for liberty--and failed

'Spirits born to bless, JUNE 20, Mr. Daly, a respectable

Now crush'd beneath a witbering name, Irish member, was about to bring for

Whom but a day's—an hour's success ward a motion of which he had given

Had wafted to eternal fame !" botice, on the subject of Irish Tithes, It is intended to bring them to the when, at the request of ministers, he scaffold by poisoning the public mind bewithdrew it, to the evident disappoint, fore their trial, by attacking them when ment of the Irish members. Hereupon they can find no defenders, and that in a Mr Hume mored a resolution pledging series of inost slanderously mendacious the House, early in the next Session, accusations. It is a document surpassed to take into consideration not only the by nothing issued during the Reign of Tithe system, but also the state of the Terror. Its hypocrisy is as hateful as its Established Church in Ireland. The mo- malignity is unveiled. It confesses, howtion was seconded by Mr. ELLICE, the ever, that a permanent conspiracy exists Member for Coventry. Fearing that the against the Boarbon government: an wide scope of the motion would occasion important confession-and he might have its loss, Sir JOHN NEWPORT moved an added, against that mass of aristocratical amendment, restricting the pledge to the oppression and of ecclesiastical bigotry subject of Tithes. Several speakers ex which forms a part of it. He goes farpressed alarm and abhorrence at the re ther he says this conspiracy is universolutionary aspect of the original motion. sal.

This was negatived without a division, Au universal conpsiracy—a conspiracy but the House divided upon the amend of the many against the few—what an

avowal ! Hare words any meaning? wards read the first chapter of his transIf so, this Attorney-General and the fac- lation of a Chinese novel, entitled The tion to which he belongs, are the true Two Cousins. This novel, which appears conspirators. That is conspiracy, when to give a faithful picture of Chinese mana minority oppress and dethrone the ma- ners, will probably be adorired by those jority; and not the less a conspiracy be who seek in works of this kind for somecause it is successful. It was a conspi. thing else than incredible adventures, racy which would re-establish the Tar- extravagant sentiments, and other abuses quins in Rome—it was a conspiracy of the imagination, ton prevalent in the which re-introduced the Bourbons into romantic productions of these times. The France ;-and the conspiracy is perma- Duke of Orleans has declared himself the nent which opposes by force and fraud protector of this society. the declaration of the national will. This M. Bellart talks of the French

INDIA. Carbonari. He says their law is assassi A College has been instituted at Poonah, nation. What is his law ? Let the me- under the sanction of Government, for mory of Ney, and the other victims of the preservation and advancement of his horrible ministry, answer! Assassina- Hindoo literature, and the education of tion! What assassination is so dreadful young men of the caste of Brahmans, in as that which is committed in the name the several branches of science and knowof justice, when folly and fury direct the ledge which usually constitute the objects administration of cruel laws ?

of study of the learned of India. Ten In France, with the age of civil perse- native professors have been appointed. cution that of religious superstition is All young men of respectability are adreturning. The Jesuits are spread over mitted to attend the College gratis ; but the country—the convents are being re. with the view of encouraging useful built--one foolery of the worst period of learning, Government has allowed five Popery is added to another. Spain and rupees each per month, for the mainteItaly will soon cease to be words of nance of one hundred scholars, ten in mockery in this respect. France has put each branch of study. The books at prein her claim to the inheritance of persecu- sent in the possession of Government are tion, which we trusted might have been appropriated to the use of the College, permitted to die away.

and others are to be procured from Cal

cutta. The Visram palace is devoted to A new society of men of letters, under the institution. the title of the Asiatic Society, held its first Amongst various points of miscellanemeeting at Paris on the lst of April, under ous information contained in the Fourth the presidency of M. Le Baron Sylvester Report of the Calcutta School-Book Soci. de Sacy, well known for his extensive and ety, the recent establishment of a similar profound acquaintance with the languages society at Penang is mentioned, and also of the East. The object of this society, the successful progress of the institutions which counts among its members some of at Madras and Bombay; and the endowthe most illustrious names in French ment by Government of the Hindoo Col literature and in the state, is the propa- lege at Calcutta, for the encouragement gation of the study of the languages of of the study of Shanskreet, and through Asia. They began on this occasion, by the medium of that language of general adopting the rules and regulations which literature. Mr. H. Wilson has consented are to conduct them in their future la to superintend the publication of the first bours, and by the preliminary operations six books of Euclid in the Shanskreet indispeusable for the constitution of the language. The re-publication of extensociety. M. de Sacy pronounced a dis- sive editions of many of the Society's course, distinguished by the most pro most useful elementary works has been found views and most ivgenious observa- determined on. Government has pretions, on Oriental studies, and on the sented the sum of 7000 rupees to the advantages which must result from their Society, and ordered a monthly contribuprogress to religion, history, the useful tion of 5000 more. arts and diplomacy. M. Remusat after


P. 372, verse 2, live 4 of the Hymn, for God read “ One,"

Monthly Repository.


JULY, 1822.

[Vol. XVII.


Unitarian Controversy at Calcutta.

Clapton, The Second Appeal to the CARISTIAN July 6, 1822.

Public in defence of the PRECEPTS OF N honourable friend of mine who JESUS,' a work lately published by him,


India, and since his return has distin- idea of his acquirements, and cannot fail

ous belief, will enable us to form some guished himself by his attachinent to of producing in every Christian, great rethe freedoin of the Asiatic press, as gard for the author, and a strong interconducive to the moral and intellectual est conceruing so illustrious an indivi-' improvement of the country, has very dual ; and the more we learn of his conobligingly communicated to me a pub- duct the more will he be raised in our lication which he has just received estimation. from Calcutta. It is entitled “The “ The worthy motives by which Ram Asiatic Department of the Calcutta Mohun Roy is actuated, have caused him Journal of Politics and General Lite- to print the work in question, and severature.” No. VIII. for August 1821, ral previous works, at his own expense, contains what may, perhaps, be justly

to distribute them among his acquaint

ance and such other persons as are likely considered as the first discussion on

to take an interest in the important subChristian Unitarianism which ever ap- jects on which he has written. His last peared in the public prints of British publication, that above mentioned, is too India That it has thus appeared, large to be reprinted in a newspaper; can be attributed only to the absence, but its contents are so important, and do in the metropolis of our Eastern Em- the author so much credit, that I hope pire, of that * base censorship" which, some competent persou will prepare a at Madras, forbad the pious and blame- compendium thereof, and have the same less Christian Unitarian, William Ro- published in the Calcutta Journal.

In herts, to print his Tamul Liturgy.

the inean time, you will oblige me by Of this discussion I shall now, by printing the two portions which accomyour indulgence, offer to your readers pany this Letter: the first portion

comall the different articles, verbatim, in the other commences in p. 172, and ex

mences in p. 159, and ends iu p. 164; their order ; presuming that they have tends to the end of the work. If such in recollection, or can easily refer to, persons as on reading these extracts feel the earlier notices of Ram Mohun Roy à sufficient interest to desire to peruse and his interesting pursuits, as they the work with attention, apply to the have appeared in your former vo- author for copies, it is probable he will lumes. (XIII. 299-301, 512; XIV. readily comply with their request, as far 561–569; XV. 1-7; 'XVI. 477– as the number of copies printed will 484, 515-517, 527, 528.)

admit. The first article, in the Journal of

“ Here we observe an individual, born August 1, 1821, thus occurs at pp. the most gross idolatry and superstition,

and bred in a country benighted under

who, by a just use of that understanding "To the Editor of the Calcutta which our gracious CREATOR has given Journal.

to mankind to guide them to all truths,

having discovered the falsehood of that Ram Mohun Roy may be known by system of idolatry and the absurdity of name to most of your readers, and it is those superstitions, conscientiously abanprobable, that many of them have heard doned both, and thereby subjected himhe has forsaken the idolatry and all the self to inconveniences and dangers of superstitions of the Hindoos ; but ex- which persons living in more enlightened cepting those who are personally ac- societies can hardly form an idea. Nest, quainted with him, few are likely to be he directed his attention to the Christian duly informed of his acquirements, his religion ; and that same just and honest conduct, and his present religioas belief. use of his understanding, which discover

405, 406:



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ed the falsehood and absurdity of idola- declares positively the unity of God, as try and superstition, satisfied him that well as his incomprehensibility; but no Jesus was the Messiah, that he was em where ascribes to him any number of per. Lade and ployed by God to reveal his will to men, sons, or any portion of magnitude ? Job Friety

; by and to niake known to them the only xxxvi. 26: «Behold God is great, and

* Cristina true religion, He observed the internal we know him not.” xxxri. 23: “Touch. and historical evidence of Christianity to ing the Almighty, we cannot find him be such as demonstrated its truth. Bless- out." Psalm cxlv. 3: “ His greatness is ed with the light of Christianity, he dedi- unsearchable.” Neither are my attempts cates his time and his money not only to owing to a strong hope of removing early a toth release his countrymen from the state of impressions from the breasts of those degradation in which they exist, but also whose education instilled certain ideas to diffuse among the European masters into their minds from the moment they of his country, the sole true religion—as became capable of receiving them; for

, it was promulgated by Christ, his apos- notwithstanding great and long-continued tles and his disciples.

exertions on my part to do away Hindoo « A FIRM BELIEVER IN CHRIST.

polytheism, though palpably gross and

Ylber be

absurd, my success has been very partial. Calcutta, July 12, 1821.

This experience, therefore, it “ Extracts referred to.

suggested, ought to have been sufficient

to disconrage me from any other attempt "I have now noticed all the argu. of the kind ; but it is my reverence for ments founded on Scripture that I have Christianity, and for the Author of this

heard of as advanced in support of the religion, that has induced me to endea, doctrine of the Trinity, except such as vour to vindicate it from the charge of appeared to me so futile as to be unwor- polytheism, as far as my limited capacity thy of remark; and in the course of my and knowledge extend. 'It is indeed morexamination have plainly stated the tifying to my feelings to find a religioti

grounds on which I conceive them to be that, from its sublimc doctripes and pare
inadmissible. Perhaps my opinions may morality, should be respected above al
subject me to the severe censure of those other systems, reduced almost to a level
who dissent from me, and some will be with Hindoo theology, merely by hamar
-ready to discover particuar motives for creeds and prejudices; and from this
my presuming to differ from the great cause brought to a comparison with the
· majority of Christian teachers of the pre- Paganism of ancient Greece ; which while

sent day, in my view of Christianity, with it included a plurality of gods, yet main-
the doctrines of which I have become but tained that odos estilos, or "God is
recently acquainted. Personal interest Oue," and that their pumerous dirige
can hardly be alleged as likely to have persons were all compreheuded in that
actuated me, and therefore the love of one Deity.
distinction or notoriety may perhaps be "• Having derired my own opinions on
resorted to, to account for conduct which this subject entirely from the Scriptura
they wish it to be believed honest con- themselves, I may perhaps be excused
riction could never direct., In reply to for the confidence with which I maintain
such an accusation, I can only protest in them against those of so great a majority

, the most solemu manner, that even in who appeal to the same authority the belief that I have been successful in theirs ; inasmuch as I attribute the di combating the doctrine of Trinitarians, 1 ferent views, not to any inferioties ar cannot assume to myself the spallest judgment compared with my owg limited merit; for what credit can be gained in ability, but w the powerful efects of proving that one is not three, and that early religious impressions ; for when the same being cannot be at once man these are deep, reason is seldom allowed and God; or in opposing those who its natural scope in examining them to maintain, that all who do not admit doc- the bottom. Were it a practice auons trives so incompreheusible must be there- Christians to study first the Books of the fore subjected by the All-merciful to eter- Old Testament, as found arrauged in or nal punishment? It is too true to be der, and to acquire a knowledge of the denied, that we are led by the force of true force of scriptural plorases and exthe senses to believe many things that pressions, withont attending 10 interprewe cannot fully understand. But where iations givea by any sect; and then so The evidence of sense does not compel us, study the New Testament

, coraparkas how can we believe what is not only be the one with the others Christianity yond our comprehension, but contrary to would not any longer be liable to be ex®

o much to the common course of nature, croached upon by humau opinions. and directly agaibst revelation ; which

I have often observed that English

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