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had to apologize for their intrusions, and not intervene. In neither case was the in distinctest language to express regret. decision of the clergyman received ; and Through a statement of many clerical the Committee remained desirous to exaggressions on liberal conduct and dissent- tend the olive branch of peace, but not ing rights he would next proceed. afraid, at the command of justice, though

In Oxfordshire, he found a clergyman, slow and uowilling, to unsheath the brother to a noble Earl, self-degraded, serv. sword of defensive war. In both cases ing a notice from a landlady to a cottage, great evils had educed yet greater good. to quit her home; because she would not The firmness of Mr. Reeve, at Cuckfield, close the doors against the Dissenting who carried his child to Ryegate for inminister, whose visits he forbade. Refu- terment, rather than sanction a public sals to bury also had been renewed. In wroug, deserved public honour. two cases the Committee had interfered Wiltshire, the son of Mr. Jay, and an successfully; in one case they could not excellent friend at Bath, had displayed interfere ; and in the remaining two, the calmness, decision and disdain of trouble, results of their interference were yet un- worthy of their father and instructor, known. At Hartland, in North Devon, and of the noblest cause ; whilst every the Key. Mr. CHANTER had refused to good Churchman and the observant vil. bury the infant of a labourer. He had lagers blushed or joyed at these measures acknowledged to the Wesleian preacher and defeats, and many withdrew, fearful, and the father, his error and compunc. from a church, which those measures tion. The happicst effects had recom were adopted to uphold. pensed the interference :- haughtiness But a refusal of marriuge as well as of had become good-will, gall was converted intermeot had occurred. Llandyguning, into the bland milk of kindness, and the in Caernarvonshire, witnessed the half poor and parish, delighted by his new ci. comic and half tragic deed. The Rev. vility to the Dissenting minister, offered JOHN Hughes was the clergyman, and their praises and their prayers for the dis- THOMAS Evans and CATHARINE JONES tant and unknown instruments of this the bridegroom and the bride. The benign but mysterious change. At Aber. bridegroom was a Baptist, and was deemgarilly, in Wales, also, the Rev. Mr. Mor- ed by the minister so thoroughly unchris. GAN had made a similar refusal. There, tian, that marriage with him no female his lady had been unwiscly prominent. could properly contract. He therefore She could not endure that " Mr. Morgan insisted that, before the Sacrament of should be a servant to bury children bap- Marriage was bestowed, the Sacrament tized by every body." “ Pride goeth be of Baptism should be applied. The fore destruction-ihe haughty spirit ef- blushing maiden looked the entreaties she fects a fall.” This lady learnt that the might not utter. The disappointed bridelaw was the master of her master, and groom was more loudly urgent. The had to read and digest with what appe- friends, the parents and fair damsels, all tite she inight, an acknowledgment that full of hope and innocent festivity, were the service ought not to have been neg- astounded and appalled. It was as a lected, and a promise that it should here. blighting wiud deadening the blossoming after be performed.

of bliss. Who would have been that lu Hampshire, and at Westbourne, that blighter, that had a manly or a Christian success against the refusal of the Rev. G. heart? The curate was inflexible. BhaTATTERSHALL could not be obtained. damnanthus had not more iron nerves. The parents of the departed infant were Smiles, blushes, tears, remonstrances, all conscientious Baptists; therefore the cler were vain. He must have lived a batgyman might lawfully withhold the rites chelor: an old batchelor he deserved to of sepalture.

die! As to the poor bridegroom, why at The remaining cases were at Cuckfield, last he yielded. But did ever a martyr Sussex, and at Colerne, in the county of have such temptations ? I’ilts. The first evinced the infectious (We regret that we must defer to the influence of power; as, there a youthful next Number the conclusion of Mr. clergyman of liberal education and gen. Wilks's speech, together with some of tlemanly manners had allowed himself, the Resolutious of the Society, and Lord at the instigation of a rector's widow and John Russell's admirable address.] interested parish-clerk, to out-herod Herod in the assertion of a right to refuse

LEGAL. admittance of a corpse to the church, and Trial of Mrs. Wright. to curtail the service which the rubric On Monday, July 8, 1822, came on in had enjoined. The latter was marked the Court of King's Bench, at Guildhall, by circumstauces of such great aggression, before the Lord Chief Justice (Abbot) (and which were well detailed,) that pro- and a special Jury, the trial of SUSANNAH secution must result, if concession did WRIGHT, for publishing in RICHARD CAR

Lite's shop in Fleet Street, some of his husband, whose earnings are regular and writings, which were charged in the in- fully competent to make us comfortable; dictment with being “ blasphemous and besides this, I have myself been bred to profane libels of and concerning the a genteel employ, as a lace-mender, and Christian religion." The prosecution was an embroiderer, at which I could earu at the instance of the “ Society for the double the wages that I have receired Suppression of Vice.” Mr. John Ellis, from Mr. Carlile. I might almost say, as Junior Counsel, read the Information; that I have served him gratuitously, for I and Mr. GASELEE (in the absence of Mr. have received no more thau the additional Gurney, through iudisposition) appeared expense which has accrued from my abas the advocate for the prosecution. He sence from home, and from my putting commented upon certain passages in the out my child to the care of a nurst. 1 works alleged to have been sold, which hare stood forward iu this righteous were decidedly Deistical, and some of cause, by and with the consent and advice them excessively gross and offensive. of my husband. I am not related to Mr. “ Christianity," said the learned gentle. Carlile in the most distant degree. I am nian, “as the greatest authorities had scarcely known to him further than as a holden, was part of the English law, customer who has regularly called for his which would not permit any attempt to publications. I have imbibed his princi. suhvert or turn into ridicule the religion of ples, and I stand forward this day to the country." 'This is rather broad ground, defend them, and to say to you, Gentleand standing up as the substitute of one men, that I am so far proud of them; I Dissenter, and having another at his el am so far convinced they are virtuous, 10 bow, Mr. Gaselee should have taken care the very extreme of virtue, that with a not to frame his legal doctrine so as to better heart and motives than the Chrismake Dissent itself criminal; which it tian martyrs of old, who fell as ignorant must be according to bim, if Dissenters and fanatical victims to Pagan persecu. oppose the Church, and in their opposi- tion, I shall submit with pleasure and tion attempt to shew that some of its with joy to any pains and penalties that doctrines (the doctrine, for instance, of may fall upon me from this worse than every Bishop's being empowered to give Pagan persecution. Worse, because it is the Holy Ghost,) are absurd and ridiculous. hypocritical, and because, the pretended “Still,” the learned gentleman proceeded, suppressors of vice are the actual sup"he would not have sought for a verdict, pressors of moral virtue !" if the Defendant had only discussed par After asserting all the principles of ticular doctrines of the gospel with tem• the passages set forth in the Indictment, per and fairness ; but when a libel as and pouring all manner of scord upon sailed religion with mere calumoy, and revealed religion, she proceeded to read represented it as one entire system of as part of her Defence the whole of Mr. fraud and delnsion, it became a duty to Fox's Sermon on “ The Duties of Chris. protect public morals by seeking the aid tiaus towards Deists," including the Preof the law against its publishers.” As face and the Postscript to the second edi. an advocate, he could not say less ; but tion. The Chief Justice, who had several if the publication of such works injure times before interposed to stop the Depublic morals, those persons are not to fendant, though in vain, raised no objec. be vindicated from the charge of promot- tion here ; but Mr. DORNFORD, one of ing immorality wlio, by prosecutions and the special jurors, interfered in the readpunishments, lend wings to profane books, ing of a part of the Discourse, describing and cause them to be carried into un the duties of Deists, and asked “ if all numbered hands, which but for this im- this ought to be heard ?" politic iuterference they would never hare Chief Justice.--It does not seem to detiled.-Mrs. WRIGHT read her own de- me to be relevant, but one is unwilling fence, which was bold and honest, and to prevent a defendant from urging all as little feminine as could be. Her situ- that she thinks may serve her. ation in life, her zeal in the cause of un " Mr. Dornford. The manæuvre is belief, her opinion of herself, and her quite evident, my Lord, to get all ibis estimate of some historic characters which published. the Christian world revere, will be ex Chief Justice.--I shall stop her if she plained by one extract from the Defence, advances any thing which we ought not as given in Carlile's “ Report of the to hear. Trial." “I challenge my accusers to Mr. Dornford.-All this is an attack shew, that I have any sinister motives or upon Christianity, my Lord. lucrative ideas in this affair. No, Gen Chief Justice.- No, Sir, I understand tlemen, I have not. I am a married the reverse ; what she is now reading is woman and a mother. I live on terms certainly inoffensive." of affection and conjugal fidelity with my Mrs. WRIGHT then proceeded at great

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length to quote the opinions of other for the credit of Christianity and the in-
Christiau writers against the prosecution terests of society if she were purposely
of wbelievers, and to expatiate upon a forgotten, and the fanaticism of an unin-
variety of other matters ; in the midst formed and misguided female were not
of which she “ requested permission, to be sanctified in the eye of the vulgar
according to the printed Report, “to by severity of punishment, which they
retire and suckle her infant child that will not fail to regard as cruel oppression.
was crying. This was granted, and she
was absent from Court twenty minutes,

MISCELLANEOUS.
in passing to and from which, to the GREAT disasters have this month be.
Castle Coffee House, she was applauded fallen the shipping on the coast. The
and loudly cheered, by assembled thou storm on the night of Sunday the 13th
sands, all encouraging her to be of good instaut, was peculiarly fatal. The East-
cheer and to persevere.” She concluded ern coast was ravaged as by a hurricane.
with telling the Jury that she scorned Amongst other inelancholy accidents,
mercy and demanded justice.-The Lord which have been reported to us by private
CHIEF JUSTICE, whose temper and con- letters, we have been deeply concerned
duct throughout the trial cannot be too at the following account from Wisbeach.
much applauded, “after stating the sub. Mr. ROBERT GARLAND, youngest son
stance of the ladictment, observed that of Mr. W. Garland, of Gedney, being in
the Defendant was not called on to au a delicate state of health, was advised
swer any reasonable or fair discussion on to try the effect of a sea voyage. He
the truth of Christianity in general, or accordingly entered a sloop in Wisbeach
any of its particular tenets. The law river, on Saturday the 12th inst., which
permitted that every subject, however sailed the same day down to the Wash,
sacred, should be freely, yet moderately and the next day put out to sea, but was
and temperately discussed; but it would wrecked in the storm at night on the
not yield its protection to gross and scan Lincolnshire coast, when every soul on
dalous calumnies on the established faith. board perished. The wreck was ascer-
It would be a most extraordinary state of tained by fragments of the vessel and her
society in which the privilege of defaming freight being afterwards washed on shore.
that religion on which all its institutions Ou board this vessel, we are sorry to
were built, should be conceded. The add, were the whole furniture, books and
publication had been clearly proved; in other goods of the Rev. LUKE KIRBY,
deed, it had been avowed and gloried in who is about removing from the neigh-
by the Defendant; and, therefore, the bourhood of Wisbeach to undertake the
only question would be, whether the pas- pastoral charge of the Unitarian congre
sages bore the character imputed to them gation at Thorne. This worthy man,
by the record. The learned Judge then who is highly esteemed by all that know
read the paragraphs set out in the indict- him, is by this casualty stripped of all
ment, and left the Jury to say if they his property, and reduced to the deepest
could donbt of their meaning. Much distress. Our correspondent informs us
had been urged, to which, if applied to that it is proposed to enter into a sub-
a different case, he should readily accede; scription for his relief, and to this mea-
he meant those arguments which had sure we shall cordially give our assist-
been largely quoted to shew the impolicy ance.
of attempting to support religion by the
secular power; and these certainly would

LITERARY. have great weight if a grave and serious disquisition were indicted: but it would lish a second volume of Speciinens of the

Mr. Bowring intends shortly to pubbe hard to shew that every society had not

Russian Poets. a right to support itself against calumay and slander, and to protect the young and uninformed from the iufluence of by Subscription, in one volume, 4to, The

Proposals are issued for publishing, mere contumelious abuse. If the Jury History and Antiquities of Lewes and its thought these passages were only parts Vicinity, by the Rev. T. W. HORSFIELD, sacred topics to which they had refereuce, aided by J. WOOLGAR, Esq., M. A. S., and they might acquit the Defendant ; but if the Natural History of the District by they considered them as gross and inde- GIDEON MANTELL, Esq., F. L. and G. s., ceut attacks on religion, they must find Author of "The Geology of Sussex.” her guilty.” “ The Jury turned round The Work will be embellished with upin their box for about two minutes, and wards of Thirty Lithographic Drawine then returned a verdict of Guilty." Price, to Subscribers, £1. 11s, fit : Mrs. WRIGHT has not yet been called up Non-subscribers, £2. 28. for her sentence, and happy would it be

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In a few days will be published, a new Lord Dacre observed that he had anoedition of the “ Rudiments of Chemis- ther petition to the same effect from a 'try," in one small neat pocket volume, gentleman of the name of Knight, but it with Eight highly-finished Copperplate was not then necessary to present it, as Engravings, a Vocabulary of Chemical the question would be determined by the Terms, and a Copious Index. By Sa. fate of the petition vow read. The uoble MUEL PARKES, F. L. S., &c. This little Lord professed himself to be a very unvolume, which has been much enlarged, learned man on subjects of this kind, and is printed on finc paper, the whole care. would thercfore have hesitated to enter fully corrected, and adapted to the pre- the lists with one of the first coutrorersent state of Chemical Science.

sjalists of the age, had not the grierance complained of appeared to him so un

questionably severe. The subject of comPARLIAMENTARY.

plaint was briefly this—that persons who Peterborough Questions. had received holy orders were compelled

to submit to an examination of a very HOUSE OF LORDS, JUNE 7.

extraordinary nature before they could Lord DACRB rose with reluctance to

be licensed to curacies in the diocese of present a petition to their Lordships, as Peterborough. The questions of the Reit was directed against a person (the Bi. verend Prelate were delivered to the canshop of Peterborough) whose character didates printed. The candidate was exfor piety and learning was eminent. But pected to annex his answer to each queshe should not do his duty if he did not tion, and then sign the paper ; but the bring it under the consideration of the questions were printed in so contracted House, because it appeared to him that a manner, that they could only be replied the condact of which the petitioner com to in the most brief manner possible. plained savoured strongly of scverity. His On Mr. Thurtell's appointment, the quespresent motion was for presenting the tions were sent to him, enclosed in a petition. After it should be read by the letter, from the Bishop, dated the 3rd of clerk, he would move that it be laid on August last. On the 11th, Mr. Thurtell the table. If their Lordships agreed to wrote to the Reverend Prelate, stating that motion, he would follow it up by that he had complied with his Lordship's moving an address to the Crown, framed request as speedily as possible ; that he in a manner which the case appeared to had considered the questions attentively, him to require. Their Lordships were and answered them, he trusted, consciennot ignorant of the nature of this case, tiously; but that some of the questions as it had been before the House in the involved points of so dificult and delicate course of the last session. He must here a nature, that he felt it impossible to observe, that if the Right Reverend Pre answer them in a satisfactory manuer in late had thought fit to act consistently the column appropriated for that pareither with the statute law or the canon pose ; and that he had therefore deemed law, he would not have given occasion it expedient to add an appendix, wherein to the present complaint. But he saw he inserted some of the authorities upon with regret that the Right Reverend Pre- which the answers were founded. The late, not satisfied with the eighty-seven Reverend Prelate, in return, wrote a letquestions, answers to which he originally ter to Mr. Thurtell, dated the 17th of required from all persons before he li. August, in which he says, “The object censed them, had siuce added thirty-six of my examination questions is to ascermore, making one hundred and twenty- tain the religious opinions of the person three intricate questions on points of doc- examined, that I may know whether they trine propounded to the petitioner. The accord with the doctrines of the Church. petitioner complained of this demand, For this purpose I want nothing more considering himself only bound to declare than short, plain and positive answers : his belief in the Thirty-nine Articles. He such are the answers which have been should now beg leave to present the peti. hitherto given to my questions, and such tion of the Rev. Thomas Shuttleworth I expect from every one. But instead of Grimshaw, Rector of Burton, Northamp- giving plain answers to plain questions, tonshire ; and Vicar of Biddenham, Bed you have sent me a mass of dissertation, fordshire.

containing such restrictions and modifiThe petition was then read. It stated cations as preveut your real opinions from that the petitioner had appointed the appearing so plainly as they ought to do." Rev. Edward Thurtell, Curate of Burton, He would not here enter into any discus. and complained that the Bishop had re- sion on the facility with which answers fused to license him on the ground of his might be given, farther than to remark, not giving satisfactory answers to his that what the Bishop called plain quesquestions.

tions involved some of the most intricate

and controverted points in theology. But in addition to the Thirty-nine Articles, the Right Reverend Prelate proceeded in which were the only lawful tests.

In his letter to insist on his mode of exa- proof of the latitude of interpretation mination, which, he observed, depended allowed for the Thirty-nine Articles, he entirely upon his own discretion ; and he should now quotc some of the highest concluded with saying, “ I think it right authorities of the Church. Bishop Burto inform you beforehand, that if you do net, in his History of the Reformation, not choose to conform exactly to the Book i. Part ii., speaking of the form in mode prescribed to you, you cannot be which the Articles of the Church had, licensed.” His Lordship was ready to beeu drawn up by those who framed admit that the mode of examination was then, states, that they cut off the errors. left to the discretion of the Bishop; but of Popery and Anabaptism" avoiding then he must contend that the Reverend the niceties of schoolmen, or the perempPrelate was, both by the statute and toriness of the writers of controversy ; canon law, bound to confine his mode of leaving, in matters that are more justly examination within certain - litnits. He controvertible, a liberty to divines to folwould not dispute the right of even exa- low their private opinions, without there. mining persons removing from one parish by disturbing the peace of the Church.” to another; but as this sort of examina. Fuller, in his Church History, observes, tion had not before been practised in the that the present Articles in the main Church, the learned Prelate ought not to agree with those set forth in Edward have been surprised at finding some he. VI.'s time, but those who drew tliem up. sitation in those who were called upon wished to allow more liberty to dissentto submit to it. He would not contend ing judgments. He says, “ These holy that under the 48th canon such an exa men did prudently pre-discover that dif, mination was not within the reach of the ferences in judgments would unavoidably Rérerend Prelate's power.

But when arise in the Church, and were loth to spiritual . persons removing from one unchurch any, and drive them off from charge to another produced proper testi. our ecclesiastical communion for such monials, such a course as that pursued petty differences, which made them pen, in the diocese of Peterborough was alto- the Articles in comprehensive words, 10 gether unknown, because it was naturally take in all who, differing in the branches, to be presumed that such persons had meet in the root of the same religion.' already been sufficiently examined. If The noble Lord then quoted the Bishop their Lordships referred to the Act of of angor, Bishop Horsley, and several 13th of Elizabeth, they would find that other eminent authorities for a wide inthe Bishop could only examine the candi. terpretation of the Thirty-nine Articles, date in order to ascertain whether he To these authorities he might add the could explain in Latin an account of his intention of the persons who established belief in the Articles of the Church. The the Articles, which appeared from the canon, in the same manner, requires the King's declaration prefixed to them. As candidate to give an account of his faith it thus appeared that the Articles of the ju Latin according to the Articles. Thus, Church of England admitted of more than though the Bishop was at liberty to esa. one mode of arriving at belief in them, mine on his discretion with respect to

he must conteud that the learned Prelate the mode, yet he was limited, both by the was bound to receive every answer by capou and the statute law, as to the which a candidate could explain his belief. object, which was merely to make the according to the Articles. The candidate, candidate give an account of his faith it appeared, was not admitted to examiaccording to the Articles. Here he wished nation until the questions were answered. their Lordships to consider what was But if the candidate was ready to account mcant by giving an account of faith ac- for his faith according to the Articles, cording to the Articles. If a particular the Reverend Prelate was, according to acknowledgment of the candidate's belief the statute of Elizabeth, bound to exa. in the Articles was required, it would be mine him. Disregarding the statute of easy by a single question. But if the Elizabeth, the canon law, aud royal deArticles were framed so as to embrace claration which precedes the articles, the different opinions, then it would be com. Reverend Prelate persisted in submitting petent for persons to give an account of questions and demanding answers previtheir faith in inore ways than one. The ous to examination. These questions, questions of the learned Prelate were, too, were not of the plain and simple nahowever, of a leading nature, and often turé described by the Bishop; but were, admitted but of one answer. Indeed, he on the contrary, of a most metaphysical called upon the candidate to answer them description, and calculated to produce with Yes, or No. They were a series of great anxiety as to the answers. He tests, framed for the sce of Peterborough, should quote one of the interrogatories

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VOL. XVII.

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