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Greek, 5,500,000, and the Lutherans, mous : yet it is moderate compared 2,500,000. The number of clergymen with the ecclesiastical revenue of Lreis computed at 74,270; viz. for the land, which exhibits the greatest exGreek Church 67,000, for the Catho- travagance that was ever put down in lics and Lutherans 7,270. Ecclesias- figures. Ireland bas a population of tical Revenue is assessed at 910,0001., about 7,000,000, of wbich the relimaking in the Greek Church 15,0001. gious distribution is as follows: Roper million, in the Lutheran and Ca- man Catholics, 5,500,000 ; Presbytetholic Churches 50,0001. per snillion. rians, 800,000; Church of England The bulk of the clergy in Russia are and Ireland, 400,000; Methodists and in a very abject state. Some have other sects, 300,000. For the 400,000 rated the monks as high as 7,300, and members of the Established Church the nuns 5,300.

there are 1,700 clergymen, including The Christians in Turkey are esti- 4 archbishops, 18 bishops, 33 deans, mated at 6,000,000. The income of 34 archdeacons, and 500 canons, prethe clergy is reckoned to be 180,0001., bendaries, &c. The ecclesiastical rebeing 30,0001. per million.

venue is 1,300,0001., being at the rate The estimated expenditure on the of 3,250,000l. per million. clergy in South America is 450,0001. On the erroneous estimate of for 15,000,000 of people, being at the 6,000,000 of hearers in England and rate of 30,0001. per million.

Wales, not of the Established Church, One sweeping estimate of the au- it is calculated that for 4,670 clergythor's sets down the rest of the Chris- men there is an incoine from rotian world at 3,000,000 of people, luntary contributions of upwards of and their allowance to the clergy at 500,0001., being at the rate of 110. 150,0001., being 50,0001. per million for each clergyman, and of 85,0001.

The author next proceeds to the per million. Church of England, the only grand In Scotland, the Dissenters are commonument of church wealth remain- puted at 500,000, their clergy at 400), ing in the world to shew the influence with an income of 1101. each, amountand dominion over the minds and ing to 44,0001., or 90,0001. per milproperty, of men, which the clergy lion. have had the power to exert, in the Hearers in Ireland, not of the ages of darkness and superstition, be- established religion, are estimated at fore the art of printing, and the con- 6,600,000, for whom there are 2,378 sequent diffusion of knowledge and clergymen, viz. Catholic, 1994; Preseducation."

byterian, 239; other sects, 145; har. The population of England and ing a total income from voluntary Wales is estimated at 12,000,000, of contributions of 261,5801., being at which the author allots one-half to an average of 1101. for each, and of the Church of England, and one-half 40,0001. per million. There is a yearly to the remaining sects. This is an parliamentary grant to Protestant Mievident miscalculation, which he can- nisters in Ireland, as follows : Presdidly acknowledges in a circular to the byterians, 3,6971. ; seceding Presbyteperiodical publications, and which, we rians, 4,0341.; other Protestant Dispresume, he has corrected in later senters, 7561. ; making in all, 13,4871. editions of the pamphlet. Owing to In one sum the author sets down this error, we cannot safely quote all the result of all his calculations, which the statements of the Church of En- cannot be much affected by any error gland tables.- The number of regular that may have crept into his stateclergymen is 18,000, including 2 arch- ments. The clergy of all the Chrisbishops, 24 bishops, 60 archdeacons, tian world, except Great Britain and 27 deans, and 544 canons and preben- Ireland, the whole population being daries. The income is 7,596,0001., 195,728,000, receive 8,852,0001. per which, on the calculation of 6,000,000 annum: the clergy of the Established of hearers in the English Church, Church of England and Ireland, conwould be at the rate of 1,266,0001. taining 6,400,000 bearers, receive per million.

8,896,0001.! Let this sum be reduced as much The total of Christians in the world, as the error before pointed out ree viz. 219,728,000, pay to their clergy quires, and it will still appear enor- 18,762,000, of which England, for

21 millions of people, (Established of his murder, and not without reason. Church and other sects,) pays more The rumour has been that the vindicthan one half !

tive father employed the Inquisition Having thus laid the basis of his to take off his son secretly; incited plan, the author goes into the detail. to the atrocity by the discovery of his We cannot follow him further than leaning towards heretics, and by jeato say that he proposes that the lousy of the Queen, Elizabeth of church lands should be sold for the France, for whom Don Carlos enternational benefit, each incumbent, how- tained strong affection, previously to ever, to receive for life his present her becoming his stepmother. This income, the future clergy of all sects story is the basis of Lord John Rusto be paid out of the national fund, sell's tragedy. The noble author has, and their salaries to be in proportion however, made little more use of it to the number of hearers in their con- than as a vehicle of some excellent gregations. He reckons the amount sentiments in favour of religious toleof church property available for the ration. The following Dialogue states use of the state at 177,450,0001. The these, and from it the reader will inode of the new provision for the form his own opinion of the poetical clergy is by a per centage on the rent merit of the Tragedy. of lands and houses, which is esti. mated at 18. in the pound, of which

« CARLOS. two-thirds would be raised froin lands

<< I do remember well—too well, alas, and one-third from houses.

My age but scarce fourteen, your royal A curious Table is exhibited, p. 76,

self of Intolerant and Tolerant nations. Absent in Flanders, I was bid preside The Intolerant nations, in which men At the great Act of Faith to be perare excluded froin civil offices and

formed emoluments on account of religious

In fair Valladolid : at that green age opinions, are Spain, Portugal, Italy, Quite new to life, nor yet aware of Denmark, Sweden and Norway and

death, England; but then the grievance is The solemn pomp amused my careless

mind. nothing in any of these countries, ex

But when the dismal tragedy began, cept England, as there are no sects in them : the Tolerant nations, in which

How were my feeliugs changed and

clouded! First no man is excluded from oflice, civil

Came there a skeleton, upon its head or military, on account of his sect or

A cap with painted flames; this thing religion, are United States, France,

had been Russia, Austria, Prussia, Netherlands, A lady who throughout her life had Bavaria, Wurtemburg, Hanover, Sax

borne ony.

A name unsullied ; twenty years had

past Art. II.-Don Carlos ; or, Persecu

Since her remains had rested in the tion. A Tragedy, in Five Acts.

ground, By Lord John Russell. Second

And now by sentence of the Holy Edition. Svo. pp. 136. Longman

Ofice, and Co. 1822.

The dull disgusting mass of whitened

bone E are not accustomed to criti.

That once had been her garment, was cise works of this description, but the peculiar character of this tra To clear some flaw in her theology : gedy may justify us in laying an ex Then came a learned priest, his name tract from it before our readers.

Cazalla; Don Carlos was the son of Philip

With countenance serene, and calm II. of Spain, the gloomy bigot who is

devotion, memorable in the English annals for

He walked to death, and as he passed having been the husband of our Queen

me by,

With earnest manner he entreated me Mary, and for having sent out the “ Invincible Armada,” to reduce these

For his poor sister's offspring; she

condemned islands to the yoke of Popery. The

To prisou for her life, and loss of son disappeared, and his body lies in

goods, the royal tomb of the Escurial, head While twelve unhappy children were less. Philip has borne the imputation

bereft VOL. XVII.

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Of parents and of food ; I wept, and

thought Of the poor orphans.


** You should have rejoiced Tou think so many infant souls were

saved Perversion.

« CARLOS “ How! rejoice ! not to have wept Were then impossible ; ( sobbed for

pity. But soon a sterner sight braced up my

nerves, Rigid with horror, for the murderous

pile Was lighted for the sacrifice : unmoved, The Great Inquisitor beheld his vic

tims. Cazalla too was undisturbed: the mind Might fairly doubt which of the two

were judge, And which the culprit, save that gleams

of joy, Like one who sees his haven, spread

their light Upon Cazalla's face. The flames burst

forth, And with slow torture singed the limbs

of hin, Who seemed alone amid the multitude To be unconscious of this earthly hell. But as we looked amazed, sudden he

rushed From forth the flames, and while by

standers fled In sudden panic, bore from off a heap Fresh store of wood, upbraiding the

weak wretch Who stood beside it ; this he fung

amain Upon the pile, and raising high his

voice Esclaimed Farewell! thou sinful

world, farewell ! Ye-earth, and sun, and moon, and

stars, farewell! Welcome my God! welcome eternal life!

PHILIP. " Blasphemous error!--could this heretic Have hope of heaven ?


« Such was his belief; Perhaps mistaken.

" Philip. “ Prince, did I hear you right? Perhaps mistaken?

“ Carlos. “ Patience a little while ; You shall know all my thoughts. Ca

zalla, he That stood so tall before me in the

strength Of a high soul, was now a cinder, tost

Peace, prince ! “ CARLOS

« I have done My narrative, but that I should have

told That ere the hecatomb began, Valdéz, As Great Inquisitor, tendered an oath Which I unwilling took : I thereby

swore If ever I should see, or hear, or know By any means, of aught concerned the

Of friend or stranger, parent, brother,

I should reveal the same withont delay
Unto the holy office; that dark oath
I took, but, thanks to Heaven, I broke.


“ You broke!

« CARLOS. “ More than a thousand times : the hor

rid glare Of that dread sacrifice fell on niy mind, And drove the senses from my brain ;

my thought Hung on the place where virtue had

been slain, Where I had been a chief of mur

derers. Long while I suffered; still by day and

night The features of Cazalla, old and grey, With mildness mingling somewhat of

reproach, Haunted my couch, nor could I gain

relief Till I sought out the wretched seats of

those Who err in faith and feel themselves

impelled To seek for heaven by martyrdom on earth.

« PAILIP. “ You sought them out ! you should hare

hated them.

" Carlos. “ Many of these I have assisted, bade Them fily this perilous air of Spain,

conversed With several of their leaders, viewed

their lives,
Pure as the light; their faith, still

steadfast, worshipped
Christ and the book of life Forgire.

me, father,

I could not, can not, will not hate

« Pailip. these men.

“ Prince, beware : “ PHILIP.

Dread my displeasure. “ You hate them not-you, prince of w

“ Carlos. Spain !

“ I dread Heaven's more ; « CARLOS.

And, strongly armed with truth, I dare * Alas!

proclaim I know how scruples of this hue offend The Inquisition murderous tyrant. The eyes of Spanish rulers; I have

“ Philip. weighed

« Peace, Each separate argument, conned one

Thou bold blasphemer! most unwor. by oue

thy thou The reasons that our church puts forth

To fill the throne, or even to tread the to spur

soil Her sons to persecution.

Of Christian Spain. “ PHILIP.

66 CARLOS. « Call it not

“ Of persecuting priests ! By that unworthy name, nor is it fit

I know my own unfitness, every act A child like you should mount the

Of rigour draws fresh tears into my judgment-seat

eyes, To censure policy which Spain has

And therefore purposed. I to fly from deemed

Spain The way of health, by sages pointed To seek in Flanders a secure retreat, out

And there lie hidden; willing to forego To Ferdinand the Catholic-approved The mighty sceptre of imperial Spain, By counsellors grown grey in the state's My bright inheritance, unless repentant service,

The Spanish people should one day By saints and martyrs of our holy

adinit church,

Their king might reign unstained with By the pope's wise decree infallible,

righteous blood. In fine, by God himself.


“ What rebel purpose is it you disclose ? «« That I deny.

" CARLOS, << PHILIP. 6 Don Carlos, hold your peace.

“ No rebel purpose, sire; for whilst you

live « CARLOS.

No son to father, subject to his king, “ King, I have drunk

Should pass me in obedience. The stream of revelation at its source:

« PHILIP. That book, to common eyes denied, to

“ Tell me, then,

What think you of our war in FlanBy Osma’s reverend bishop, my preceptor,

Shall not the traitor suffer for his treaWas early given ; best and dearest gift That man can give to man, becoming Is't not legitimate to take up arms thus

That rebel heretics may be subdued ? The minister of God, and angel-like

« CARLOS. Carrying glad tidings to the immortal

« Yet kindness were more politic than soul :

force : There have I read, assisted by the lore

Grant them their privilege, your royal Of my dear master; there too have I

grace read,

To worship God in their own simple Alone and unassisted, late at night,

form, Aud early in the morning, words of

Rebellion's hydra head will straight be peace,

crushed, Forgiveness ev'n for sin ; brotherly

Or of itself fall off. love,

« PHILIP. And charity that beareth, hopeth all ;

" I'll hear no more ; I found, and wept with joy; but to this hour

Prince, look not for indulgence : duty, . Find I no precept that commissions


Affection bids that I should be soverc; inan

And I will be so. To slay his erring brother.


ders? say,




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