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CONTENTS

or

THE SECOND VOLUME.

CHAPTER XXIX.

AUTUEsncrrr And General Character Of The History Of Bornu.

Documents.—Beginning of written History.—Pedigree of the Bornu Kings.—
Chronology.—Harmony of Facts.—The Sefuwa Dynasty.—E'bn Klraldiin.—
Makrizi and E'bn Batuta.—Surprising Accuracy of the Chonicle of Bornu.—
Statement of Leo Africanos.—Berber Origin of the Sefuwa.—Form of Govern-
ment—The Berber Race.—The Queen Mother.—Indigenous Tribes.—The
Teda or Tebu.—The Soy.—Epochs of Bornu History.—Greatest Power.—De-
cline of the Bornu Empire.—The Kanemiyin Page 1 r>

CHAPTER XXX.

THE CAPITAL OF B6rnu.

My Friends.—The Arab ATimed bel Mejiib.—The Piillo I'brahim from the Sene-

gal.—Dangerous Medical Practice. — A'hmcd the Traveler. — My Bornu

Friends.—The Vizier el Haj Beshir; his Career; his Domestic Establishment;

his Leniency.—Debts of the Mission paid.—The English Honse.—Plague of

Insects. — Preparations for a Journey. — Character of Kiikawa. — The two

Towns.—The great Market.—Business and Concourse.—Defective Currency.

—Prices of Provisions.—Fruits.—Camels.—Horses.—Want of native Industry.

—Bornu Women.—Promenade 86

CHAPTER XXXI.

THE TSAD.

Character of the Road to Ngdrnu.—Ngdmu.—Searching the Tsad.—Longer Ex-

cursion.—Character of the Shores of the Tsad.—The Biidduma and their

Boats.—Fresh Water.—Swampy Plains.—Boats of the Biidduma again.—

Maduwari.—Dress of the Sugurti.—Account of the Lake.—Shores of the Creek.

—Sdyorum.—Kawa.—Return to Kiikawa.—Servants dismissed.—Mohammed

Titiwi, the auspicious Messenger.—Slave-caravan.—Announcement of Rainy

Season.—Ride to Gawange.—Mr. Overwcg's Arrival.—Meeting.—Property re-

stored.—Mercantile Intrigues.—The Sheikh's Relatives.—Messengers from

A'damawa.—Anticipated Importance of the Eastern Branch of the Niger.—

Proposed Journey to A'damawa 60
CHAPTER XXXII.

SETTING OUT ON MY JOURNEY TO ADAMAWA.—THE FLAT, SWAMPY GROUNDS OF

BOBNU.

Leaving Kukawa.—The Road southward.—Inhospitality near the Capital.—

Buying with a Shirt.—The Winter Corn.—The Shiiwa Arabs.—Mungholo

Gezawa.—Fair Arabs.—Maga District.—The Ganierghu District.—District of

Uje.—Fine Country.—Mabani.—Pilgrim Traders.—Banks of the Ydloe.—First

View of the Mountains.—Fugo Mozari.—Market of Uje.—Alawo.—Approach

to Mandara Page 85

CHAPTER XXXIII.

THE BORDER COUNTRY OF THE MABGHI.

Question about snowy Mountains. — The Blacksmith. — Shamo District.—A

Storm.—Molghoy.—The Southern Molghoy.—Large Kurna-trees.—Structure

of the Huts.—Deviations from Negro Type.—The Marghi; their Attire and

Language.—Edible wild Fruits.—The Baobab.—Beautiful Scenery.—I'ssegc.

—Spirit of the Natives.—Degenerate Fulbe.—The Lake.—View of Mount

Mi'ndif.—Wandala Mountains.—Route to Sugur.—The Marghi Tribe.—Scien-

tific Dispute.—Unsafe Wilderness.—Unwholesome Water.—The Return of the

Slave Girl.—The Babir Tribe.—Lahaula.—The Idol.—Alarm.—Abundance

of vegetable Butter. — Serious March. — The Baza Tribe. — The dividing

Range.—U1aa.—The new Colony 100

CHAPTER XXXIV.

ADAMAWA.—MOHAMMEDAN SETTLEMENTS IN THE HEART OF CENTRAL AFRICA.

The Conquering Tribe.—The granite Hills.—Valley and Mountain-chain.—Iso-

lated Mountain Groups.—Mubi.—The surrounding Country.—Origin of the

Fulbe.—Bagma and peculiar Structures.—Camels a Novelty.—Compliment

paid to the Christian.—Mbut&di.—Fulbe way of Saluting.—The Deleb Palm

(Borassus flabettformist) and its Fruit.—The granite Mount.—Simplicity of

Manners.—Mount Holma.—Legero.—Edible Productions.—Ground-nut Diet.

—Badamjo.—Fertile Vale.—Temporary Scarcity.—Kuriilu.—Red and White

Sorghum.—Sarawu Berebcre.—Comfortable Quarters.—Accurate Description.

—Important situation of Sarawu.—Tebu Traders.—Fair Negroes.—Market of

Sarawu.—Sarawu Fulfulde.—The Mansion.—The blind Governor.—Principal

Men in Yola.—Mount Konkcl.—Belem.—An Arab Adventurer.—Rich Vege-

tation.—The young Pullo.—Old M'allem Dalili.—Arab Colony.—A Country

for Colonies.—Ruined Village (Melago).—Gastronomic Discussion. — Mayo

Tiyel.—The Batta Tribe.—Sulleri.—Inhospitable Reception 127

CHAPTER XXXV.

THE MEETINO OF THE WATERS.—THE BENUWE AND FARO.

Approach to the River.—Mount Alantika and the Benuwe.—The Tepe, or " Junc-
tion."—The great Arm of the Kwara.—The Traveler's Pursuits.—High Road
of Commerce.—The frail Canoes.—Bathing in the Benuwe.—The Passage.—
The River Faro; its Current.—Floods and Fall of the River.—Chabajaure.—
Densely inhabited District.—Mount Bagele.—The Backwater.—Ribago.—Cul-

[blocks in formation]

tivation of Hice.—The Batta Language.—Inundation.—Yebborewd.—Mount

Bagele and Island.—Beach Ydla Page 162

CHAPTER XXXVI.

MY RECEPTION IN YOLA.—8HORT STAY.—DISMISSAL.

Inauspicious Entrance.—Curiosity of Natives.—Quarters.—An Arab Traveler to

Lake Nyassa.—The Governor Mohammed Lowel.—The Audience.—The Mis-

sion repulsed.—The Governor's Brother Mansur.—Ordered to withdraw.—

Begin my Return Journey.—Character of Ydla.—Slavery.—Extent of Fiim-

bina.—Elevation and Climate.—Vegetable and Animal Kingdom.—Prin-

cipal Chiefs of the Country.—Tribes; the Batta, the Chamba, and other

Tribes 179

CHAPTER XXXVII.

MY JOURNEY HOME FROM ADAMAWA.

Start from Ribago.— Hospitable Treatment in Sulleri.— Demsa-Poha.—The

memorable Campaign southward.—View of a native Settlement.—Beautiful

Country.—Belem again.—M'allem Dalili and his Family.—Muglebu.—Mubi.—

My Quarters.—Household Furniture.—111)0.—Unsafe Boundnry-district.—La-

haula.—I'ssegc.—Iron Ornaments of the Margin.—Funeral Dance.—Ordeal.

—Feeling of Love.—A Party going to Sacrifice.—Arrival at Yerimari.—Vil-

lages of the Gamerglm.—Uje Kasukula.—Difference of Climate.—Plants.—

Huts.—Plains of Btirnu Proper.—Seizing a Hut.—African Schoolboys.—A

wandering Tribe.—Town and Country.—Guinea-worm.—Thunder-storm.—

People returning from Market.—Munghono.—Return to Kukawa 199

CHAPTER XXXVHI.

RAINY SEASON IN KUKAWA.

Supplies.—The Herbage.—Tropical Rains.—Mr. Vogel's Statement.—The Wing-

ed Ant.—Various kinds of Cultivation.—Intended Excursion to Kanem.—Mr.

Overweg's Memoranda.—Political Situation of Bornu.—The Turks in Central

Africa.—Sokoto and Waday.—The Festival.—Ceremonies of Festivity.—De-

oendent Situation.—My Horse 228

CHAPTER XXXIX.

EXPEDITION I(f KAN EM.

Money-matters settled.—A repentant Servant.—Delights of Open Encampment

—Daweighu.—Treatment by Slaves.—Variety of Trees.—Scarcity of Water.—

The Town of Y6.—Marriage Customs.—Character of the Country.—Arrival

of Mr. Overweg.—Banks of the River.—Character of our freebooting Com-

panions.—Crossing the River.—Town of Baruwa.—View of the Tsid.—Native

Salt.—Desolate Country.—Ninety-six Elephants.—Another Scene of Plunder.

—Arrival at Beri.—Importance of Beri.—Fresh-water Lakes and Natron.—

Submerged in a Bog.—A large Snake.—The Valleys and Vales of Kanem.—

Arrival at the Arab Camp 243
CHAPTER XL.

THE HORDE OF THE WELAD SLIMAN.

The Welad Sliman.—Their Power.—Slaughter of the Welad Sliman.—Interview

with the Sheik Ghet.—Interview with 'Omar.—Specimen of Predatory Life.—

Runaway female Slave.—Rich Vales.—Large Desertion.—A Jewish Adven-

turer.—Musical Box.—False Alarm Page 273

CHAPTER XLI.

SHITATI.—ME EASTERN, MORE FAVORED, VALLEYS OF Kanem.

BirelFtaim.—The Fiigabii.—Projects frustrated.—Karka and the Keghamma.—

Elephant's Track.—Boro.—Berende.—Towader.—Beautiful Vale.—Prepara-

tions for Attack.—Left behind.—Regularly-formed Valley.—Henderi Siggesi.

—Attack by the Natives.—Much Anxiety.—Join our Friends.—Encampment

at A'lali A'dia.—Visited by the Keghamma.—Camp taken.—Restless Night.

—Fine Vale Takulum.—Vales of Shitati.—Return to the principal Camp.—

Waday Horsemen.—Set out on return to Kukawa.—Departure from Kanem.—

Alarms.—The Komadugu again.—Return to Kiikawa 286

CHAPTER XLII.

WARLIKE PREPARATIONS AGAINST Mandara.

Set out on another Expedition.—The Camp, or Ngiufate.—The Chef de Police
Lammo.—Army in motion.—Lami'no again.—Major Denham's Adventure.—
The Town of Marte.—A1a.—Encampment at Dikowa.—Fire-arms and Civili-
zation.—Slavery and Slave-trade.—The Shuwa.—The Interior of Dikowa.—In-
dustry.—Banks of the Yalowe.—Cotton Plantations.—The Camp Market.—
Friendly Services.—Important Information.—Haj Edris 814

CHAPTER XLni.

THE BORDER REGION OF TnE SnuWA.

News from Mandara.—A'fage.—Thieves forced to fight.—The sweet Sorghum.

—Variations of Temperature.—Shallow Water-courses.—Subjection of Manda-

ra.—Extensive Rice-fields.—Hard Ground.—Elephants.—The Court of A'di-

shen.—The Army on the March.—The Summoli.—The Army badly off.—En-

tering the Miisgu Country.—Industry pillaged.—Native Architecture.—Affin-

ity of the Miisgu.—Their chief Places.—The adventurous Chieftain.—A'di-

shen.—Christmas Events 337

CHAPTER XLIV.

THE COUNTRY OF THE SHALLOW RIVERS.—WATER-PARTING BETWEEN THE RIVERS
BENUWK AND SIIAR1.

The Deleb Palm.—New Features.—Worship of Ancestors.—Cut off from the
Army.—Spoil and Slaughter.—Alarm and Cowardice.—Miisgu Weapons.—
The Tuburi not attacked.—Ngaljam of Demmo.—Destruction.—New Year.—
Pagan Chiefs and Priests.—Fine Landscape.—The River of Logon.—Singular
Water-combat.—The Tuburi and their Lake.—The swampy Character of the
Ngaljam.—The River again.—Water-communication.—Plucky Pagans.—Balls
and Stones.—Consequences of Slave-hunts.—Penetrating southward 301

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