The Cherokees: A Population History
The Cherokees: A Population History is the first full-length demographic study of an American Indian group from the protohistorical period to the present. Thornton shows the effects of disease, warfare, genocide, miscegenation, removal and relocation, and destruction of traditional lifeways on the Cherokees. He discusses their mysterious origins, their first contact with Europeans (prob-ably in 1540), and their fluctuation in population during the eighteenth century, when the Old World brought them smallpox. The toll taken by massive relocations in the following century, most notably the removal of the Cherokees from the Southeast to In-dian Territory, and by warfare, predating the American Revolution and including the Civil War, also enters into Thornton's calculations. He goes on to measure the resurgence of the Cherokees in the twentieth century, focusing on such population centers as North Carolina, Oklahoma, and California.
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According American Indian population ancestry Band blood California census Census Bureau century chapter Chero Cherokee lands Cherokee Nation Cherokee population Chief citizens Civil considered Creek deaths Delawares demographic died disease earlier early East Eastern Cherokees emigrants enrolled enumerated epidemic established estimated ethnic European example exclusively families females figure Five full-blood Georgia growth identified included increase Indian ancestry Indian Territory indicated individuals Interior John kees lands less listed living lower males marriages married median metropolitan Mississippi mixed mixed-bloods Mooney mountains non-Indian North Carolina noted Oklahoma origin percent percentage perhaps period persons present probably race racial rates Red-Black Cherokees removal reported reservation residence result River roll settlements shown slaves smallpox Source South Southeast Tennessee Thornton tion towns Tract treaty tribal tribes U.S. Bureau U.S. Department United West Western women