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THE

CLASSIC MYTHS IN ENGLISH

LITERATURE

BASED CHIEFLY ON BULFINCH'S "AGE OF FABLE"

(1855)

ACCOMPANIED BY AN INTERPRETATIVE AND

ILLUSTRATIVE COMMENTARY

BY

CHARLES MILLS GAYLEY, LITT.D., LL.D

PROFESSOR OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

IN THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA

GINN & COMPANY

BOSTON · NEW YORK · CHICAGO · LONDON

HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY

BEQUEST OF
WINWARD PRESCOTT
JANUARY 21, 1933

COPYRIGHT, 1893, BY
CHARLES MILLS GAYLEY

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

66.9

Che Athen æum Press
GINN & COMPANY. PRO.
PRIETORS. BOSTON . U.S.A.

TO THE MUSES.

WHETHER on Ida's shady brow,

Or in the chambers of the East, The chambers of the sun, that now

From ancient melody have ceas'd;

Whether in Heav'n ye wander fair,

Or the green corners of the earth, Or the blue regions of the air,

Where the melodious winds have birth;

Whether on crystal rocks ye rove,

Beneath the bosom of the sea, Wandering in many a coral grove,

Fair Nine, forsaking Poetry;

How have you left the ancient love

That bards of old enjoyed in you!
The languid strings do scarcely move,
The sound is forc'd, the notes are few!

William Blake.

PREFACE.

It has long been evident to me that much of our best English · poetry lies beyond the imaginative reach of many readers because

of their unfamiliarity with the commonplaces of literary allusion, reference, and tradition. Of such commonplaces few are more frequently recurrent than the situations and agencies of myth.

In view of this consideration, the Academic Council of the University of California, some two years ago, introduced into its requirements for entrance in English the subject of Classical Mythology in its relation to English Literature, and recommended, as a text-book for preparation, Bulfinch's Age of Fable. The experience of English and classical teachers in the schools of the state has attested the wisdom of the requirement; but the demand for some text-book adapted to the needs of the class-room has made necessary the preparation of this volume. For, while the Age of Fable offers a tempting collection of Greek, Norse, and Oriental narratives with illustrations from English literature, — while it has delighted one generation of American boys and girls, and will, no doubt, delight many generations to come, – it was designed neither as a school-book nor as a systematized presentation and interpretation of the myths that have most influenced English literature.

At the request of my publishers, I have accordingly undertaken such a revision and rearrangement of the materials of the Age of Fable as may adapt it to the purposes of teacher and pupil, and to the taste of readers somewhat more advanced in years than those addressed by the original work or by the edition which bears the name of the Rev. Edward Everett Hale. But,

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