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OVID'S METAMORPHOSES.

TRANSLATED BY DRYDEN, &c. &c.

BOOK I.

| About her coasts, unruly waters roat;
And rising, on a ridge, insult the shore.

Thus when the god, whatever god was he,
Translated by Dryden.

Had form'd the whole, and made the parts agree;

That no unequal portions might be found, F bodies chang'd to various forms I sing: He moulded earth into a spacious round:

Ye gods, from whom these miracles did Then with a breath, he gave the winds to blow; spring,

And bad the congregated waters flow. Inspire my numbers with celestial heat;

He adds the running springs, and standing lakes; 'Till I my long laborious work complete: . . And bounding banks for winding rivers makes. And add perpetual tenour to my rhymes,

Some part in earth are swallow'd up, the most Deduc'd from nature's birth, to Cæsar's times. In ample oceans, disembogu'd, are lost. Before the seas, and this terrestrial ball,

He shades the woods, the valleys he restrains And Heav'n's high canopy, that covers all, With rocky mountains, and extends the plains. One was the face of nature; if a face:

And as five zones th' ethereal regions bind,
Rather a rude and indigested mass:

Five, correspondent, are to Earth assign'd:
A lifeless lump, unfashion'd, and unframd, The Sun with rays, directly darting down,
Of jarring seeds; and justly Chaos nam'd. Fires all beneath and fries the middle zope:
No Sun was lighted up, the world to view; The two beneath the distant poles complain
No Moon did yet her blunted horns renew: Of endiess winter, and perpetual rain.
Nor yet was Earth suspended in the sky;

Betwixt th' extremes, two happier climates hold
Nor pois'd, did on her own foundations lie: The temper that partakes of hot and cold.
Nor seas about the shores their arms had thrown; The fields of liquid air, enclosing all,
But earth, and air, and water, were in one. Surround the compass of this earthly ball:
Thus air was void of light, and earth unstable, The lighter parts lie next the fires above;
And water's dark abyss unnavigable,

The grosser near the watry surface more: (there, No certain form on any was imprest;

Thick clouds are spread, and storms engender All were confus'd, and each disturb'd the rest. | And thunder's voice, which wretched mortals fear, . For hot and cold were in one body fixt;

| And winds that on their wings cold winter bear. And soft with hard, and light with heavy, mixt. | Nor were those blustring brethren left at large,

But God, or Nature, while they thus contend, On seas, and shores, their fury to discharge: To these intestine discords put an end; (driv'n, | Bound as they are, and circumscrib'd in place, Then earth from air, and seas from earth were They rend the world, resistiess, where they pase; And grosser air sunk from ethereal Heav'n. And mighty marks of mischief leave behind; Thus disembroil'd, they take their proper place; | Sach is the rage of their tempestuous kind, The next of kin contiguously embrace:

First Eurus to the rising morn is sent, And foes are sunder'd, by a larger space.

(The regions of the balmy continent;) The force of fire ascended first on high,

And eastern realms, where early Persians run, And took its dwelling in the vaulted sky:

To greet the blest appearance of the Sun. Then air succeeds, in lightness next to fire; Westward, the wanton Zephyr wings his flight; Whose atoms from unactive earth retire.

Pleas'd with the remnants of departing light: Earth sinks beneath, and draws a num'rous throng | Fierce Boreas, with his offspring, issues forth Of pondrous, thick, unwieldy seeds along.

T' invade the frozen waggon of the north.

While frowning Auster seeks the southern sphere; |
And rots, with endless rain, th’unwholesome year.

THE SILVER AGE.
High o'er the clouds, and empty realms of wind, But when good Saturn, banish'd from abore,
The god a clearer space for Heav'n design'd; Was drivin to Hell, the world was under Jore.
Where fields of light, and liquid ether flow; Succeeding times a silver age behold,
Purg'd from the pondrous dregs of earth below Excelliug brass, but more excell'd by gold.
Scarce bad the pow'r distinguish'd these, when Then Summer, Autumn, Winter did appear:
straight

And Spring was but a season of the year. The stars, no longer overlaid with weight,

The Sun bis annual course obliquely made, Exert their heads, from underneath the mass; Good days contracted, and enlarg'd the bad. And upward shoot, and kindle as they pass, Then air with sultry heats began to glow; And with diflusive light adorn their heav'nly The wings of winds were clogg'd with ice and ' place.

snow; Then, every void of nature to supply,

And shivering mortals, into houses drie'n, With forms of gods he fills the vacant sky: Sought shelter from th' inclemency of Heav'n. New herds of beasts he sends, the plains to share: Those houses, then, were caves, or homely sheds; New colonies of birds, to people air;

With twining osiers fenc'd; and moss their beds. And to their oozy beds the finny fish repair. Then ploughs, for seed, the fruitful furrows broke, A creature of a more exalted kind

And oxen labour'd first beneath the yoke.
Was wanting yet, and then was man design'd:
Conscious of thought, of more capacious breast,

THE BRAZEN AGE.
For empire form'd, and fit to rule the rest:

To this came next in course, the brazen age: Whether with particles of heav'nly fire

| A warlike offspring, prompt to bloody rage, The God of Nature did his soul inspire,

Not impious yet-
Or earth, but new divided from the sky,
And, pliant, still retain'd th'ethereal energy :

THE IRON AGE.
Which wise Prometheus temper'd into paste,

Hard steel succeeded then: And, mixt with living streams, the godlike image And stubborn as the metal, were the men. cast.

Truth, Modesty, and Shame, the world forsook: Thus, while the mute creation downward bend Praud, Avarice, and force, their places took. Their sight, and to their earthly mother tend, Then sails were spread, to every wind that bles, Man looks aloft; and with erected eyes

Raw were the sailors, and the depths were dew: Beholds his own bereditary skies.

Trees, rudely hollow'd, did the waves sustain; From such rude principles our form began; | Ere ships in triumph plough'd the watry plain. And earth was metamorphos'd into man.

Then land-marks limited to each his right:

For all before was common as the light.
THE GOLDEN AGE.

Nor was the ground alone requir'd to bear
The golden age was first; when man, yet new, Her annual income to the crooked share,
No rule but uncorrupted reason knew:

But greedy mortals, rummaging her store, And, with a native bent, did good pursue.

Digg'd from her entrails first the precious ore; Unforc'd by punishment, unaw'd by fear,

Which, next to Hell, the prudent gods bad laid; His words were simple, and his soul sincere; | And that alluring ill, to sight display'd. Needless was written law, where nove opprest: Thus cursed steel, and more accursed gold, The law of man was written in his breast :

Gave mischief birth, and made that mischief bold: No suppliant crowds before the judge appear'd, And double death did wretched man invade, No court erected yet, nor cause was heard: By steel assaulted, and by gold betray'd. But all was safe, for conscience was their guard. Now (brandish'd weapons glitt'ring in their hands) The mountain-trees in distant prospect please, | Mankind is broken loose from moral bands; Ere yet the pine descended to the seas:

No rights of hospitality remain: Ere sails were spread, new oceans to explore: The guest, by him who harbour'd him, is slain. And happy mortals, unconcern'd for more,

The son-in-law pursues the father's life; Confir'd their wishes to their native shore.

The wife her husband murders, he the wife. No walls were yet: nor fence, nor mote, nor | The step-dame poison for the son prepares; mound,

The son inquires into his father's years. Nor drum was heard, nor trumpet's angry sound: Faith Alies, and Piety in exile mourns; Nor swords were forg'd; but void of care and | And Justice, here opprest, to Heav'p returns. 'The soft creation slept away their time. [crime, The teeming earth, yet guiltless of the plough,

THE GIANTS' WAR. And unprovok'd, did fruitful stores allow :

NOR were the gods themselves more safe above; Content with food, which nature freely bred, Against beleaguer'd Heav'n the giants move. On wildings and on strawberries they fed;

Hills pil'd on hills, on mountains mountains le, Corpels and bramble-berries gave the rest,

To make their mad approaches to the sky. And falling acorns furnish d out a feast.

'Till Jove, no longer patient, took his time The fow'rs unsown, in fields and meadows T'avenge with thunder their audacious crime: reign'd:

Red lightning play'd along the firmament, And western winds immortal spring maintain'd. And their demolish'd works to pieces rent. In following years, the bearded corn ensu'd Sing'd with the flames, and with the bolts transfxt, From earth unask'd, nor was that earth renew'd. With native earth their blood the monsters mist; From veins of valleys, milk and nectar broke; The blood, indu'd with animating heat, And hopey sweating through the pores of oak. Did in th' impregnant eartb new sons beget:

They, like the seed from which they sprung, | The clamours of this vile degenerate age, accurst,

The cries of orphans, and th' oppressor's rage, Against the gods immortal hatred nurst.

Had reach'd the stars; I will descend,' said I, An impious, arrogant, and cruel brood;

"In hope to prove this loud complaint a lie.' Expressing their original from blood.

Disguis'd in human shape, I travell'd round Which when the king of gods beheld from high The world, and more than what I heard, I found. (Withal revolving in his memory,

O'er Mænalus I took my steepy way, What he himself had found on Earth of late, By caverns infamous for beasts of prey: Lycaon's guilt, and his inhuman treat,)

Then cross'd Cyllené, and the piny shade He sigh'd; nor longer with his pity strove; More infamous by curst Lycaon made: But kindled to a wrath becoming Jove:

Dark night had cover'd Heav'n, and Earth, before Then call'd a general council of the gods;

I enter'd his unhospitable door.
Who, summon'd, issue from their blest abodes, Just at my entrance, I display'd the sign
And GU tb' assembly with a shining train.

That somewhat was approaching of divine.
A way there is, in Heav'n's expanded plain, The prostrate people pray; the tyrant grins:
Which, when the skies are clear, is seen below, And, adding profanation to his sins,
And mortals, by the name of milky, know. [road l'll try,' said he, . and if a god appear,
The ground-work is of stars; through which the To prove his deity shall cost him dear.
Lies open to the thunderer's abode:

'Twas late; the graceless wretch my death preThe gods of greater nations dwell around,

pares, And, on the right and left, the palace bound; When I should soundly sleep, opprest with cares: The commons where they can: the nobler sort, I This dire experiment he chose, to prove With winding-doors wide open, front the court. If I were mortal, or undoubted Jove: This place, as far as Earth with Heav'n may vie, But first he had resolv'd to taste my pow'r; I dare to call the Lourre of the sky.

Not long before, but in a luckless hoor, When all were plac'd, in seats distinctly known, Some legates, sent from the Molossian state. And he, their father, had assum'd the throne, Were on a peaceful errand come to treat: Upon his iv'ry sceptre first he leant,

Of these he murders one, he boils the flesh: Then sbook his head, that shook the firmament: And lays the manzled morsels in a dish: Air, earth, and seas, obey'd th' almighty nod; Some part he roasts; then serves it up, so drest, And, with a gen'ral fear, confess'd the god. And bids me welcome to this human feast. At length, with indignation, thus he broke Mov'd with disdain, the table I o'er-turu'd; His awful silence, and the powers bespoke. And with avenging flames the palace burn'd.

"I was not more concern'd in that debate The tyrant in a fright, for shelter gains Of empire, when our universal state

The neighb'ring fields, and scours along the plains. Was put to hazard, and the giant race

Howling he fled, and fain he would have spoke; Our captive skies were ready to embrace:

But human voice his brutal tongue forsook. For though the foe was fierce, the seeds of all About his lips the gather'd foam he churns, Rebellion sprung from one original;

And, breathing slaughter, still with rage he burns, Now, wberesoerer ambient waters glide,

But on his bleating flock his fury turns. All are corrupt, and all must be destroy'd. His mantle, now his hide, with rugged hairs Let me this holy protestation make,

Cleaves to his back; a famish'd face he bears; By Hell, and Helis inviolable lake,

His arms descend, bis shoulders sink away I try'd, whatever in the godhead lay:

To multiply his legs for chase of prey. But gangren'd members must be lopt away, He grows a wolf, his hoariness remains, Before the nobler parts are tainted to decay. And the same rage in other members reigns. There dwells below, a race of demi-gods,

His eyes still sparkle in a parr'wer space: Of nymphs in waters, and of fawns in woods : His jaws retain the grin, and violence of his face. Who, though not worthy yet in Heav'n to live, “ This was a single ruin, but not one Let them, at least, enjoy that Earth we give. Deserves so just a punishment alone. Can these be thought securely ludg'd below, Mankind's a monster, and th' ungodly times When I myself, who no superior know,

Confed'rate into guilt, are sworn to crimes.
1, who have Heav'n and Earth at my command, All are alike involv'd in ill, and all
lave been attempted by Lycaon's hand?” Must by the same relentless fury fall.”

At this a murmur through the synod went, Thus ended he; the greater gods assent;
Ind with one voice they vote his punishment. By clamours urging his severe intent;
"hus, when conspiring traitors dar'd to doom The less fill up the cry for punishment.
he fall of Cæsar, and in him of Rome,

Yet still with pity they remember man; the nations trembled with a pious fear;

And mourn as much as heav'nly spirits can. 11 anxious for their earthly thunderer:

They ask, when those were lost of human birth, for was their care, O Cæsar, less esteem'd What he would do with all this waste of earth: y thee, than that of Heav'n for Jove was deem'd: If his dispeopled world he would resign Tho with his band, and voice, did first restrain To beasts, a mute, and more ignoble line; heir murmurs, then resum'd bis speech again. Neglected altars must no longer smoke, he gods to silence were compos'd, and sate If none were left to worship, and invoke. 'ith reverence, due to his superior state.

To whom the father of the gods reply'd, “Cancel your pious cares; already be

“ Lay that unnecessary fear aside: as paid bis debt to justice, and to me. [were, Mine be the care, new people to provide. at what his crimes, and what my judgments I will from wondrous principles ordain Taips for ine thus briefly to declare.

A race unlike the first, and try my skill again.” VOL. XX.

FF

Already had he toss'd the flaming brand; | And where of late the kids had cropt the grass, And roll'd the thunder in his spacious hand; | The monsters of the deep now take their place. Preparing to discharge on seas and land:

Insuiting Nereids on the cities ride, But stopt, for fear, thus violently driv'n,

And wond'ring dolphins o'er the palace glide. The sparks should catch his axle-tree of Heav'n. On leaves, and masts of mighty oaks they browse; Rememb'ring, in the fates, a time when fire And their broad fins entangle in the boughs. Should to the battlements of Heav'n aspire, The frighted wolf now swims amongst the sheep: And all his blazing worlds above should burn; The yellow lion wanders in the deep: And all th’inferior globe to cinders turn.

His rapid force no longer helps the boar: His dire artill’ry thus dismist, he bent

The stag swims faster than he ran before. His thoughts to some securer punishment: The fowls, long beating on their wings in rain, Concludes to pour a watry deluge down;

Despair of land, and drop into the main. And what he durst not burn, resolves to drown. Now hills and vales no more distinction know; The northern breath, that freezes floods, he And leveli'd nature lies oppressed below. binds;

The most of mortals perish in the flood: With all the race of cloud-dispelling winds: The small remainder dies for want of food. The South he loos’d, who night and horrour brings; A mountain of stupendous height there stands And fogs are shaken from his flaggy wings. Betwixt th' Athenian and Beotian lands, From his divided beard two streams he pours, The bound of fruitful fields, while fields they His head, and rheumy eyes distil in show'rs.

were, With rain his robe and heavy mantle flow : But then a field of waters did appear: And lazy mists are lowring on his brow;

Parnassus is its name; whose forky rise Still as he swept along, with his clench'd fist Mounts thro' the clouds, and mates the lofty skics. He squeez'd the clouds, th' imprison'd clouds | High on the summit of this dubious cliq, resist:

Deucalion wafting, moor'd his little skiff. The skies, from pole to pole, with peals resound; He with his wife were only left behind And show'rs enlarg'd come pouring on the ground. Of perish'd man; they two were human kind. Then, cad in colours of a various dye,

The mountain nymphs, and Themis they adore, Junonian Iris breeds a new supply

And from her oracles relief implore. To feed the clouds: impetuous rain descends; The most upright of mortal men was he; The bearded corn beneath the burden bends: The most sincere, and holy woman, she. Defrauded clowns deplore their perish'd grain; When Jupiter, surveying Earth from higli, And the long labours of the year are vain.

Belield it in a lake of water lie, Nor from his patrimonial Heaven alone

That where so many millions lately lir'd, Is Jove content to pour bis vengeance down; But two, the best of either sex, surviv'd; Aid from his brother of the seas he craves,

He loos'd the notbern wind; fierce Boreas flies To help him with auxiliary waves.

To puff away the clouds, and purge the skies: The watry tyrant calls his brooks and floods, Serenely, while he blows, the vapours driv'n Who roll from mossy caves (their moist abodes;) Discover Heav'n to Earth, and Earth to Heav'n. And with perpetual urns his palace fill:

The billows fall, while Neptune lays his mace To whom in brief, he thus imparts his will.

On the rough sea, and smooths its furrow'd face. “Smallexhortation needs; your pow'rs employ: | Already Triton at his call appears And this bad world, so Jove requires, destroy. Above the waves; a Tyrian robe he wears; Let loose the reins to all your watry store:

And in bis hand a crooked trumpet bears. Bear down the dams, and open ev'ry door." The sovereign bids him peaceful sounds inspire, The floods, by nature enemies to land,

And give the waves the signal to retire. And proudly swelling with their new command, His writhen shell he takes; whose narTop Fent Remove the living stones, that stopt their way, Grows by degrees into a large exteit; And, gushing from their source, augment the | Then gives it breath; the blast with doublin sea.

sound, Then, with his mace, their monarch struck the Runs the wide circuit of the world around: ground;

The Sun first heard it, in his early east, With inward trembling Earth receiv'd the wound; And met the rattling echos in the west. And rising streams a ready passage found.

The waters list'ning to the trumpet's roar, Tli' expanded waters gather on the plain:

Obey the summons, and forsake the shore. They float the fields, and over-top the gra'n;

A thin circumference of land appears : Then rushing onwards, with a sweepy sway, And Earth, but not at once, her visage rears, Bear flocks and folds, and lab'ring hinds away And peeps upon the seas from upper grounds; Nor safe their dwellings were, for, sapp'd by floods, The streams, but just contain'd within their Their houses fell upon their household, gods.

bounds, The solid piles, too strongly built to fall.

By slow degrees into their channels crawl; High o'er their heads behold a watry wall:

And Earth increases, as the waters fall. Now seas and earth were in confusion lost; In longer time the tops of trees appear, A world of waters, and without a coast.

Which mud on their dishonour'd branches bear. One climbs a cliff; one in his boat is born: At length the world was all restor'd to view; And ploughs above, where late he sow'd his corn. But desolate, and of a sickly hue: Others o'er chimney-tops and turrets row, Nature beheld herself, and stood aghast, And drop their anchors on the meads below: A dismal desert, and a silent waste. Or downward driv'n, they bruise the tender vine, Which when Deucalion, with a piteous look, Or tost aloft, are knock'd against a pine.

Beheid, he wept, and thus to Pyrrba spoke;

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« Oh wise, oh sister, oh of all thy kind

| While yet the roughness of the stone remains, The best, and only creature left behind,

Without the rising muscles, and the veins.
By kindred, love, and now by dangers join'd; The sappy parts, and next resembling juice,
Of multitudes, who breath'd the common air, Were turu'd to moisture, for the body's use:
We two remain : a species in a pair:

Sapplying humours, blood, and nourishment;
The rest the seas have swallow'd; nor have we The rest, too solid to receive a bent,
Evin of this wretched life a certainty.

Converts to bones; and what was once a rein,
The clouds are still abore; and while I speak, Its former name and nature did retaio.
A second deluge o'er our beads may break. By help of pow'r divine, in little space,
Should I be snatcht from hence, and thou remain, What the man threw, assum'd a manly face;
Without relief, or partner of thy pain,

And what the wife, renew'd the female race.
How couldst thou such a wretched life sustain? Hence we derive our nature; born to bear
Should I be left, and thou be lost, the sea,

Laborious life; and harden'd into care. That bury'd her I lov'd, should bury me,

The rest of animals, from tceming earth Oh could our father his old arts inspire,

Produc'd, in various forms receiv'd their birth. And make me heir of his informing fire,

The native moisture, in its close retreat,
That so I might abolish'd man retrieve,

Digested by the San's ethereal heat, '
And perish'd people in new souls might live! As in a kindly womb, began to breed :
But Heav'n is pleas'd, nor ought we to complain, Then snell'd, and quickend by the vital seed.
That we, th' examples of mankind, remain." And some in less, and some in longer space,
He said, the careful couple join their tears: Were ripen'd into form, and took a sev'ral face.
And then invoke the gods with pious prayers. Thus when the Nile from Pharian fields is fled,
Thus, in derotion having eas'd their grief, And seeks, with ebbing tides, his ancient bed,
From sacred oracles they seek relief;

1 The fat manure with heav'nly fire is warm'd; :
And to Cepbisus' brook their way pursue: And crusted creatures, as in wombs, are form'd;
The stream was troubled, but the ford they knew; These, when they turn the glebe, the peasants
With living waters, in the fountain bred,

find;
They sprinkle first their garments, and their head, Some rude, and yet unfinish'd in their kind: .
Then took the way, which to the temple led. Short of their limbs, a lame imperfect birth;
The roofs were all defil'd with moss and mire, One half alive, and one of lifeless earth.
The desert altars void of solemn fire.

For heat, and moisture, when in bodies join'd,
Before the gradual, prostrate they ador'd :

The temper that results from either kind
The pavement kiss'd; and thus the saint implor'd. Conception makes; and fighting till they mix,

O righteous Themis! if the pow’rs above Their mingled atoms in each other fix. Hy pray'rs are bent to pity, and to love;

Thus Nature's hand the genial bed prepares If human miseries can move their mind;

With friendly discord, and with fruitful wars. If yet they can forget, and yet be kind;

From hence the surface of the ground with mud Tell how we may restore, by second birth,

And slime besmear'd (the feces of the flood) Mankint, and seople desolated Earth."

Receiv'd the rays of Heav'n; and sucking in Then thus the gracious goddess, nodding, said ; The seeds of heat, new creatures did begin: * Depart, and with your vestments veil your head: Some were of several sorts produc'd before, And stooping lowly down, with loosen'd zones, But of new monsters Earth created more. Throw each behind your backs, your mighty Unwillingly, but yet sbe brought to light mother's bones."

Thee, Python too, the wond'ring world to fright, Amaz'd the pair, and mute with wonder, stand, And the new nations, with so dire a sight:

Till Pyrrba first refus'd the dire command. So monstrous was his bulk, so large a space
"Forbid it Heav'n," said she, “that I should tear Did his vast body, and long train embrace.
Those holy relics from the sepulchre."

Whom Phebus basking on a bank espy'd;
They ponder'd the mysterious words again, Ere now the god bis arrows had not try'd,
For some new sense; and long they sought in vain: But on the trembling deer, or mountain goat;
At length Deucalion clear'd bis cloudy brow, At this new quarry he prepares to shoot.
And said, “ The dark enigma will allow

Though every shaft took place, he spent the store
A meaning, which if well I understand,

Of his full quiver; and 'twas long before From sacrilege will free the god's command: Th' expiring serpent wallow'd in his gore. This Earth our mighty mother is, the stones Then, to preserve the fame of such a deed, Io her capacious body are her bones:

For Python slain, he Pythian games decreed, These we must cast behind." With hope, and fear, Where noble youths for mastership sbould strive, The woman did the new solution hear:

To quoit, to run, and steeds and chariots drive
The man diffides in his own augury,

The prize was fame: In witness of renown
And doubts the gods; yet both resolve to try. An oaken garland did the victor crown.
Descending from the mount, they first unbind The laurel was not yet for triumphs born;
Their vests, and veil'd they cast the stones behind; But every green alike by Phæbus worn [adorn,
The stones (a miracle to mortal view,

Did, with promiscuous grace, his flowing locks
But long tradition makes it pass for true)

THE TRANSFORMATION OF DAPHNE INTO A
Did first the rigour of their kind expel,

LAUREL.
And suppled into softness as they fell;
Then swell'd, and swelling, by degrees grew warm, The first and fairest of his loves was she,
And took the rudiments of human form;

Whom not blind Fortune, but the dire decree
Imperfect shapes: in marble such are seen, Of angry Cupid forc'd him to desire:
When the rude chisel does the man begin; Daphne her name, and Peneus was her sire.

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