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begin their march to Thebes. Eriphyle, by the With streaming eyes, and hand fast lock'd in hand, acceptance of a present from Argia, lays her | They put off fate, and linger on the strand. husband under an obligation of joining the But, when the vessel cleaves the yielding deep, confederates. Parthenopaus elopes during his / The mourners posted on some neighb'ring steep, mother's absence, and heads the Arcadian With eager eyes pursue the less'ning sails, troops. She follows him, but to no effect. The And curse the driving impulse of the gales. 40 priestess of Bacchus, inspired with a spirit of Assist, O Fame! in whose immortal page divination, runs up and down the city, and fore- | The glorious toils of ev'ry distant age tels the death of the two Theban princes, with | Recorded shine; to whose all-seeing eyes the usurpation of the kingdom by Creon. Se- / Nor Heav'n, or Earth, or Hell impervious lies. veral prodigies happen. At length, Eteocles, And thou, Calliope, deriv'd from Jove, alarmed at the invasion of his territories, con- Whose music warbles in th' Aonian grove, salts with Tiresias the prophet, concerning the From whom alone heroic ardour springs, fate of the war. They go through a course of | Be present, and awake the trembling strings: necromancy, and conjure up the spirit of Laius, I Relate, what chiefs, in quest of warlike faine, whose ambiguous answer determines them to | And fir'd by Mars, to aid Adrastus carne. 39 oppose the invaders in a hostile manner. Bac- Surcharg'd with troubles, and a length of years, chus iu his return from 'Thrace, meets the Ar- Encircled by his host, the king appears. gives in their route to Thebes. He leads them | A sword alone for ornament he wore, out of their way, and persuades the nymphs His slaves behind the pond'rous armour bore. to dry up all the rivers and fountains under | Beneath the gate his fiery coursers stand; their care. The allies, half dead with thirst, are | And, while the groom divides with artful hand met by a Lemnian princess, who informs them His flowing mane, reluctant to the car of the river Langia, and conducts them thither. | Arion bounds, and hopes the promis'd war. They offer up a prayer to the tutelar geuius | For him Larissa arms her martial pow'rs, of the river, which concludes the book.

And fair Prosymna grac'd with rising tow'rs. 60

41. Assist, O FameIt is hard to conceive any TARICE had Hyperion either tropic view'd, address more solemn, any opening to a subject The winter banish'd, and the spring renew'd;

more noble and magnificent than this invocation. When now the sprightly trumpet from afar

The hint of it is taken from Homer, though the Gave the dread signal of approaching war.

invocation itself is varied, as may be seen froin When fierce Bellona, sent by Jove's command,

comparing them together.
(The torch of discord blazing in her band) *ETTETE Vür Mat Möru óú urria duhet XBOX
Bar'd her red arm from fair Larissa's height, (Tusi; you'o dici 158 nepasi te, isi TE LYTIN
And whirl'd her spear, a prelude to the fight. | Ημεί δε κλέOδιον ακοομεν εδέ τι κομεν.)
Whizzing it cleares the skies: near Dirce's source oitovas vizepés az Azevacūr, xal toiparos car.
A rising hillock bounds its furious course. 10 navlunden av fyw pincotti, '%d' dvopumu,
T'hence to the glitt'ring camp the goddess flies, oud' ii fs ou désace itin yaw scene dész di sópez' tla
And darts from rank to rank her ardent eyes : ww dippixt, xamrov či po vrap trán,
She strokes the steeds, and arms the warriors' hands, Eius 'Onepaticedes Merci, aids aiyáy 0:0
The truly brave prevent her stern commands, Ouyatépeso perncaia-

J o 04 JTIaloy ngor.
And e'en the coward loaths the thought of fight.
And feels a short-liv'd ardour for the fight.

Virgil has imitated it, but with little success. The destin'd day serenely shone above,

Pandite nụnc Helicona, deæ, cantusque morete: And first a victim falls to Mars and Jove.

Qui bello exciti reges : quæ quemque secutæ The trembling priest a cheerful aspect wears, Complerint campos acies ; quibus Itala jam tum Nor to th' inquiring troops imparts his fears. 20 Floruerit terra alma viris, quibus arserit armis. Meanwhile their friends indulge a parting view, Et meministis enim, divæ, et memorare potestis : And press around to share the last adieu.

Ad nox vix tenuis famæ perlabitur aura. No bounds the guisbing stream of sorrow knows;

Æn. 7. ver. 66. From rank to rank the soft contagion grows :

And Tasso with some improvement.
Each pregnant eye unwonted currents pours,
Their bucklers intercept the falling show'rs.

Mente de gli anni, e del'oblio nemica,
Some through their heims a fervent kiss iinpart,

Delle cose custode, e dispensiera, And pature triumphs o'er each soften'd heart.

Vaglia mi tua ragion sì, ch'io ridica No more the thirst of war and vengeance burns,

I Di quel campo ogni duce, ed ogni schiera. But exil'd tenderness in all returns.

Suoni, e risplenda la lor fama antica, • Thus when, the storm appeas'd, a rising breeze

Fatta dagli anni omai tacita, e nera: Invites the mariner to tempt the seas,

Tolto da' tuoi tefori orni mia lingua Their weeping friends the parting crew detain,

Cio, ch'ascolti ogni età, nulla l'estingua. And for a while subsides the love of gain.

G. c. 1. st. 36.

59. For him Larissa, &c.] I think myseif oba The poet has exerted himself in a very eminent liged to make a few observations on the nature of degree at the opening of this book. He awakens catalogues, as they have been objected to by some the reader's curiosity, and sounds an alarm to the literati, who have delivered their critical remarks approaching conflict. The influence of discord to the world with some success. To consider it over the brave man and the coward is finely dis- then as purely poetical, (for this is all that mea tinguished, and contributes to heighten the ma- rits our notice) we may observe first, what an air jesty of this description.

of probability is spread over the whole poem, by




To these the youth of Midea succeed,

| Though, spent with age, and long disus'd to fight, And Phyllos, famous for her fleecy breed;

His reiga depends on antiquated might, 100 Then fair Cleone sends a valiant train,

The youthful steers, without reluctance, yield And lowly Neris, o'er whose fertile plain

Their share of sway, nor dare dispute the field : The swift Charadros rolls his rapid flood,

Such furrows on bis breast, and graceful scars And Thyre, doom'd to float in Spartan blood. Appear, the monuments of former wars. From Drepanos, for snowy cliffs renown'd,

The Theban hero, full of youthful fire, And Sicyon, with groves of olives crown'd,

Rode in the rank, and next his aged sire. A troop of grateful warriors bend their way,

Beneath his standard rang'd, a valiant band Where once Adrastus held the regal sway,

| From fair Bæotia threat their native land. Where slow Langia bathes the silent shores,

Some, still impress'd with sentiments of love, And, winding in his course', Elissos roars.

And loyalty, to fight bis battles move: 110 Here oft repair from Pluto's gloomy courts

While others prone to change, and to repine, The sister-furies (ancient farne reports)

In quest of novelty, his army join. While, bending o'er the brink, the serpents slake Yet more: three wealthy cities own his sway, Their thirst, and of the grateful stream partake.

| And, from the father's gift, the son obey; But, whether thesu v'erturn'd the Theban state,

Whose youths embodied might increase his host, Or at Mycenæ kindled stern debate,

And be some solace for his empire lost. Elissos flies from the detested brood,

Such was his habit, and the same his arms, och venom stains the surface of his dood. 80 | As when he first beheld Argia's charms. From Ephyre a tide of warriors flows,

A lion's spoils across his back he wore, Who kindly bore a part in Ino's woes,

And in his hand two beamy javelins bore, 120 Where to the boofs of the Gorgonean horse

The sphinx, pourtray'd, his deathful falchion gracid, A springing fountain owes its mystic source,

A golden sheath the sbining blade encas'd. And the firm isthmus hears on either side

His mother, sisters, all that once were dear, The diff'rent murmurs of the rushing tide.

Rush to his thoughts, and force a tender tear. From hence attend Adrastus to the fray

In prospect he surveys the reign his own, Three thousand warriors rang'd in bright array.

And swells on an imaginary throne. From distant lands they sought the field of fame, Meanwhile, Argia from a neighb'ring tow'r, Varying in manners, origin, and name. 90 Recalls his eyes from visionary pow'r; Some knotty clubs, in fire attemper'd, bear, The dearer object scorns an equal part While some dismiss the quiv'ring lance in air. With Thebes, and claims an undivided heart. 130 These ply the sounding sling with fatal art,

Next joyful Tydeus joins the marching host And rival e'en the Parthian's venom'd dart. With troops collected on Ætolia's coast. Amid the throny Adrastus takes his way,

The trumpet sounds: he trembles with delight, Rever'd for age, but more for gentle sway.

And pants, and starts, impatient for the fight. Thus some old bull, the monarch of the meads, | So shines, renew'd in youthful pride, the snake, His subject herd around the pasture leads. When spring recalls him from the thorny brake,

He views with scorn the vain attacks of age,

And glows, and stiffens with collected rage. the particularising of every nation concerned in

Now rising on his spires he braves the day, this war. Secondly, what an entertaining scene

And glitters with the Sun's reflected ray: 140 is presented to us, of so many countries drawn in

Or, by the fatal aid of kindred green, their natural colours, while we wander along with Amidst the crassy verdure lurks uoseen. the poet amidst a beautiful variety of towns, ha- | Hapless the swain! whum near him fortune draws. vens, forests, groves, mountains, and rivers; and

When flaming thirst dilates his venom'd jaws, are perpetually amused with his observations on

Pylene's warriors in his cause engage, . . the different soils, products, situations, prospects, And Pleuron, conscious of Althea's rage; or with historical anecdotes, relative to the coun

They pour from Caledon's impending steep, try, army, or their commanders. And lastly, there

From Chalcis, beaten by the rolling deep, has been scarce any epic writer, but has drawn

And Olenos which boasts the birth of Jove, up one, which is at least a proof how beautiful it

Nor yields in fame to Cretan Ida's grove. 150 has been esteemed by the greatest geniuses in all ages. Homer gave the hint, and was followed by Virgil, Statius, Tasso, Spenser, and Milton. Effundens, trunco, non frondibus efficit umbram :

83. Where to the hoofs] The fountain Hippo At quamvis primo nutet casura sub Euro, crene is reported to have spring from a stroke of Tot circum silvæ firmo se robore tollunt, Pegasus's hoofs, as the etymology of the word suf Sola tamen colitur.

Pharsal, book 1. ficiently demonstrates; 171 signifying a horse, 135. So shines, renew'd) This is taken from Virand xpron, a fountain.

gil's Æneid, book 2. 97. Thus some old bull] This fine simile brings

Qualis ubi in lucem coluber, mala gramina pastus, to my mind an equally fine one of Lucan, where he compares Pompey to an old oak: the applica

Frigida sub terrâ tumidum quem bruma tegebat,

Nunc positis novus exuviis, nitidusque juventâ, tion is obviously the same as this, though the

Lubrica convolvit sublato pectore terga comparison itself is not taken from the same ob

Arduus ad solem, et linguis micat ore trisulcis. ject.

I think Statius (as every imitator should do) has Qualis frugifero quercus sublimis in agro . improved on his original. His language is more Exuvias veteres populi, sacrataque gestans elevated than Virgil's, and he has manifestly the Dona ducum: nec jam validis radicibus hærens, | advantage in inserting the two last lines, as they Pondere fixa suo est: nudosque per aëra ramos retlect the highest honour on Tydeus.

From Achelous some direct their course, | The bending forests to the shock give way,
A stream still mindful of Herculean force.

Stretch'd in long ruin, and expos'd to day. 200 No more, emerging from his pearly bed,

The trembling cattle headlong seek the ground, Above th' encircling waves he rears his head, And Ossa shudders at the distant sound. But, lurking in his azure caves, deplores

| With horrour e'en his shaggy brethren hear His dusty margin and exhausted shores.

The rushing monster, nor dismiss their fear; A troop, selected for his guard, surrounds

While Peneus' waves, suspended in their course, The chief, distain'd with honourable wounds: Roll backward, hopeless to withstand his force. They twine young sallows to support the shield, Who to describe their numbers can aspire, And in each hand a pointed jarelin wield. 160 Or equal martial with Phæbean fire? Mars, imag'd on their glitt'ring helms, inspires The great Alcides drains Tyrinthe's coast Unwearied rage and unextinguish'd fires.

Of all ber youths, to form a scanty bost. 910 Such was the Theban's, such th' Ætolian's rage, | Tyrinthe still the sword with glory wields, "Twas doubtful in whose cause the chiefs engage. | And warriors worthy of her patron yields; Beneath a youth, as yet unknown to fame, . But love of glory, and a wealthy soil, The Doric troops, a num'rous army, came,

Have made them more averse to martial toil. With those who labour where Lyrceus leads Few human footsteps in the fields descry'd, His copious stream along the fertile meads; The curious traveller scarce finds a guide, Or till with care the hoarse-resounding shores, To lead him where the moss-grown turret stands, Where Inachus, the king of rivers, roars. 170 And walls, the labour of Ætnean hands. Of all, that o'er Argia bend their course,

Yet hence three hundred youths to fight repair, He reigns, excell'd by none in rapid force,

Nor swords, nor sounding slings employ their care: When Taurus, and the wat'ry Pleiades rise, | Each show'd, like Hercules, in savage pride, 221 And Jove in kindly show'rs deserts the skies. And on his shoulders wore a lion's hide. To these succeed, whom swift Asterion laves, Their spear a trunk of pine, a quiver hung And Erasine enfolds with ambient waves;

Behind, and clatter'd as they march'd along. Whom Epidaure's impervious walls surround, They sing a Pæan in their patron's praise, And Dyme, with the gifts of Bacchus crown'd. And in sonorous verse his labours raise. Of Pylian youths a martial squadron came, With joy the god from shaded Oeta's height Tho' Pylos then could boast of little fame; 180 | Hears his immortal feats, and varied fight. And Nestor, blooming in his second age,

From Nemea next a social squadron came, Declin'd the charge, and check'd his youthful rage. And where Molorchus, crown'd with endless fame, Hippomedon, their hardy chief, inspires

Receiv'd the warrior, spent with recent toils, 21 The love of war, and with example fires.

And loaded with the monster's reeking spoils. A triple crest bis dazzling helmet grac'd,

The straw-built mansion, and adjacent field, An iron coat of mail his sides embrac'd.

With art are imag'd on each brazen shield, A golden cuirass blazes on his breast,

The sacred oak reported to sustain With all the guilt of Danaus exprest :

His bow unstrung, and where he press'd the plain. The Furies light, with inauspicious hands, But Capaneus, averse to guide the car, The bridal torch, and tie the nuptial bands: 190 On foot o'erlook'd the plain, and moving war. Their sire each instrument of wrath supplies, A shield he bore with four thick folds o'ereast Andviews the treach'rous swords with curious eyes. Of tough bull-hides, of solid brass the last 240 The graceful hero rein'd a gen'rous steed,

Here Vulcan frees the hydra's vital breath, New to the fight, and of Nemæan breed.

And opes each secret avenue to death; From earth emerging, clouds of dust arise

The concave snakes, in silver carv'd, enfold, Beneath their rapid course, and veil the skies. While others seem to burn in mimic gold. So, when Hyleus from some mountain's height, Around its iron margin Lérna leads Or hollow cliff, precipitates his flight,

Her azure stream, and mingles with the meads.

151. From Achelous] Achelous contended with stances to the thing described. The diction is Hercules for the nymph Dejanira ; and being lofty, the images striking, and the application obe overcome in a duel, was transformed into a river. viously proper and agrecable to the subject. The

163. Such was the Theban's] It is very obser- | version, however short it falls of the original, may vable how Tydeus rises in the reader's esteem, as be sufficient to show there was an endeavour at the poem advances. It opens with many circuin least to it tate it. stances very much to the disadvantage of his cha 218. The labour of Ætnean hands) Tyrinthe is racter; especially the conflict between him and reported to have been built by the Cyclops. Polynices : but in the second book we find him 237. But Capaneus] The poet ushers in Cape undertaking an embassy to Thebes, and endan- neus with abundance of pomp: his strength, bis gering his life in his rival's cause : in the third size, his tower-like shield, in a word, his whole book he returns covered with wounds, and yet figure strikes our eyes in all the strongest colours is willing to hazard himself again, because bisof poetry. He forces bim on the observation of friend's interest required it, as he imagined; but in the reader by the grandeur of his description; and the fourth, he is represented at the head of his raises our expectations of him, intending to make troops, breathing revenge against the Thebans, bim perform many remarkable actions in the seand as eager as Polynices himself, whose concern quel of the poem, and to become worthy of falling in the war was personal.

by the band of Jove himself. This anecdote con 1. So, whep Hyleus] Hyleus was a centaur. | cerning his spear is taken from Homer, and fin This is one of the noblest similes in all Statius, tended to raise the idea of bis hero, by giviog his and the most justly corresponding in its circum- such as no other could wield.

His shining breast-plate was a mingled mass | Awhile a suppliant to the gods I'll mourn,
Of ductile gold, and rows of mountain-brass. And weary Heav'n with vows for his return. 290
Dreadful it gleam'd around : no female art | A greater lustre will each jewel yield,
Could to the pond'rous metal form impart. 250 | When, crown'd with laurels from the Theban field,
A giant on his helmet frowns imprest,

My spouse shall hail me partner of his reign, And triple were the honours of his crest.

And votive choirs attend the crowded fane. lis cypress-spear with steel encircled shone, Then to my sister let it be convey'd, Vot to be pois'd but by his hands alone.

If this will gain her husband's social aid." thome's mountaineers beneath his care,

Hence treason, murder, frenzy, all the woes And the Messenians to the fight repair;

That shook the augur's guilty dome, arose. Where Tbrion, and the craggy Æpy show

Tisiphone with secret pleasure smiles l'heir cliffs above, and Pteleon's walls below. At her ripe project, and successful wiles. 300 from Helos, famous for her gen'rous race

Four rapid coursers grace the prophet's car, of steeds, and Dorion, for the bard's disgrace, Of heav'nly race, and thunder thro' the war. They rush.—Here Thamyris in singing strove 261 From Leda's son he stole the matchless breed To match the tuneful progeny of Jove:

By mortal mares, unequal to the steed. Unskill'd to judge the future by the past,

Parnassian wreaths upon his forehead shone, le prov'd the Muse's matchless pow'r at last. And by his babit was the prophet known. lo silence doom'd, no more he durst aspire Green olive-leaves his glitt'ring helm enclose, To raise his voice, or string the vanquish'd lyre. And froin between his crests a mitre rose, Donstrain'd by threats, or with entreaties won, A grove of spears his better hand sustains, The prophet seeks the fate he cannot shun. His other moderates the flowing reins. 310 Nor yet was prescience wanting to the deed, Afar he shines, conspicuous in the field, Pull well he saw what destiny decreed : 270 And waves the Python imag'd on his shield. But Phoebus, hopeless to prolong his date,

A troop of Pylian youths surround his car, Nithholds his succour, and assents to fate, And Amyclæans, partners in the war. let more-- unmindful of the late portent,

From Malea's poted shore a squadron came, lis spouse accelerates the dire event,

And Caria, sacred to Diana's name; Aod, swellid with pride and vain ambition, sold From fair Eurotas, crown'd with olive-groves, Ier husband's life for all-hewitching goid.. And Messe, famous for her silver doves, Argia saw the matron's guilty views,

Him, as their chief, a hardy race attend, And that the Fates forbad her to refuse;

Whom 'Taygetus and hilly Pharis send : 320 Iben unrepining, froin ber snowy breast

Cyllenius trains them in the dusty field the loos'd the gift, and thus her will exprest. 280 | To war, and breathes a soul untaught to yield.

These woeful times far other cares require Hence they no cares for this frail being feel, l'han thos: of costly dress and rich attire.

But rush undaunted on the pointed steel. Ko more shall art enhance Argia's charms,

The parents glory in their offspring's death, While her dear consort sheaths his limbs in arms; And urge them to resign their vital breath : Awhile without reluctance I resign

Of all that crowd around the fun’ral pile, l'hose trifles, since for him alone I shine :

The mother is observ'd alone to smile. I while the arts of Pallas shall employ

A pair of javelins arms their better hand, The pensive hours, and sorrow be my joy.

The reins and stubborn steed the left demand. 330

Bare are their shoulders; floating from behind 249. No female art] Statius alludes here to a A shaggy tunic dances in the wind.. fustom among the ancient heathens, of mothers The swan resigns the honours of his breast, baking this species of armour for their sons. To grace their helms, and form a rising crest.

261. Here Thamyris] I am surprised, that Sta- Nor did these march alone beneath his care, jus, who generally strikes out of the common | But social Elis adds an equal share. rack, should be such a plagiary as to relate this | Alpheus next affords his Pisa's aid, After Homer; and more so, that he was so diffident who seeks thro' seas the lov'd Sicilian maid. of his own abilities as to copy it so closely. The Their chariots hide the plain. Their horses feel, rords are nearly the same,

Instead of spurs, the dart and pointed steel. 340 - Auárov, iTa T! Mörur

From horrid rites their present skill arose, Arróuevas, Ocsporty TOV Sprixa wairav dodñs,

1 And to an impious source its progress owes : Οιχαλίηθεν ούντα παρ Ευρύτε ΟιχαλιήΟ..

as it would be deemed folly in a king to go in Στευτο γαρ ευχόμενΘ νικησέμεν, έιπερ αν αύται

quest of new countries, before he had secured Mötai 'eídoley, xäpai Aldaiyáx.04.

to himself the possession of those already acΑιδε χρλωσαμεναι, πηρον 9ίσαι, αυταρ αοιδών Θεσσισίην αφιλον7ο, και εκλελαθον κίθαριςύν.

quired. Lib. 2. v. 101. catal.

315. From Malea's] Malea was a promontory

of Peloponnesus, noted for its dangerous rocks: 286. Since for him) This conduct of Argia, how

it is situated between the bays of Argos and Laver landable it is in itself, would be esteemed anconia, and is now called Capo Malio di Santo Aninnecessary act of politeness by our modern belles, gelo. who are generally careless and indifferent how they

eless and indifferent how they 337. So Lucan. appear at home, but never think themselves suffaciently decorated for the public view, as if their

-populisque per æquora mittens husbands had the least claim to their care of their

Sicaniis Alpheus aquas. Book 3. ver. 176., persons and dréss. But methinks it is highly in- 341. From horrid rites) for an account of this discreet in them to lose the good graces of their custom, and Oenolaus, see note on the first book, husbands in hopes of extending their conquests ;) verse 382.


What time Oenomaus, from his car o'erthrown, As yet a beardless youth, the troops be led, 343 Resigned at once his life, bis fame and crown. And shone in arms, conspicuous at their bead. Their coursers champ the bit, or paw the ground, I Chance aids his fight: for while the matron roves And scatter clouds of smoke and foam around. Thro' distant tracts of land, and shadowy grores, Parthenopæus next, by stealth repairs

The daring youth, impeli'd by adverse fates, To Argos, and eludes his mother's cares.

Oerleap'd the wall, and forc'd the palace-gates.

In form and feature ev'ry son of fame 347. Parthenopæus] Tasso seems to have co

Resigned the prize, nor durst dispute his claim. pied his account of Rinaldo's flight from this of

Nor had his courage, and desert in arins Parthenopæus.

Been deem'd inferior to his outward charms,

But death o'ertook him, cre the rip'ring sun All'or (nè pur tre lustri avea finiti)

Of manhood on his budding strength had shone. Fuggì soletto, e corse strade ignote;

His beauty fir'd each guardian of the grore, 361 Varcò l'Egeo, passo di Grecia i liti,

The gods with envy, and the nyinpbs with lore. Giunse nel campo in region remote;

l'ame tells, Diana, when she first surrey'd Nobilissima fuga, e che limiti

The little wanton sporting in the shade, Ben degna alcun magnanimo nipote.

Forgare his mother's flame, and broken ron, Tre anni son, ch'è in guerra, e intempestiva

And grac'd him with a quiver and a bow. Molle piuma del mento à pena usciva. Canto I. | He springs, impatient for the mix'd alarms As we have now seen the seven heroes armed and Of shrilling clarions, and resounding arms, accoutred for battle, it will be worth while to take And burns to mingle in the dusty course a critical review of them, and see how the poet has | Of crimson war, and curb a captire horse. 370 acquitted hiinself in the description. Though 'I No more he joys to range the guiltless wood cannot answer for the different tastes of readers, With arrows, innocent of human blood. yet I fatter myself with the hopes of their appro- | Above the rest he shines ju flaming gold, bation, with respect to the author. The chief And Tyrian purple, glorious to behold. beauty here is variety, without which all the sub- His mother's combats in tbe Etolian field altera decorations of imagery, diction, and num- He bears engrav'd upon his slender shield. bers, are entirely lost, as they are common to A quiver, fraught with Gnossian shafts, he bore, other parts of the poem. To discover this in his Of amber fram'd, with jaspers studded o'er. characters, we need only to review them distinct- A lynx's spotted hide adorns bis steed, 579 ly; and we shall find that of Adrastus to be no Which match'd the stag or western wind in speed. other than we can expect in a man of his years with pride he bounds beneath th' unfonted load and inclinations. Exclusive of the cares for his Of gleaming armour, fit to grace a God. people, old age naturally creates an aversion to His master smiles: the roses on his cheek, war, as it is so diametrically opposite to their and youthful bloom his tender age bespeak. summum bonum, tranquillity. 'Polynices, though To him th’Arcadian youths with joy resign by no means a coward, seems to like the war no The chief command, and clad in armour shine. farther than as it is conducive to his interest, and Fame says, from op'ning trees they took their birth, the nstrument of gratifying his ambition. The love When human footsteps seal'd the new-bora earth; of glory, abstracted from that of empire, seems to And flourish'd ere revolving Cynthja shone, have but little influence over him ; but, when or devious planets gleam'd around her throne. united with it, inspirits him to the highest degree No houses then repell'd the driving rain, SI of beroism. Tydens, subject as he seems to be to Nor Ceres glitter'd on the yellow plain; the impressions of glory and fame, confides more No temples lodg'd the sculptur'd form of Jore, in the justice of his cause, than any other motive. Nor Hymen sanctified the names of love. As he has no personal interest in the war, his in, Oft did the pregnant oak its sides unclose, clination to it must arise either from the thirst of Nor ask'd Luçina's band to ease its throes, glory or desire of revenge: as to the first, we may conclude, from the whole tenour of his conduct, tient of reproof; and his impatience of reproof that it could not engage him in supporting injus, hurries him on to impiety and cruclty. The lat tice, since his attachment to Polynices was owing who offers himself to our view, is Amphiaraus, a to his love of the opposite virtue: the desire of chief of a meek, dispassionate temper, wbo nato revenge then is the prevailing motive; but only so rally prefers the sweets of peace to the hurry and far as it is founded on an honourable basis, and fatigue of a military life. He was told that his resulting, as I have before observed, from the jus. fate was inevitable; and, in consequence of the tice of the cause. Hippomedon and Partheno- prediction, puts a good face on it, and marches b pæus are represented as two daring youths, who battle with a philosophic calmness and resignahad no personal prejudices against the Thebans, tion to the divine will. por lay under any obligations to the court of Ar-1 387. Fame says] Evander gives a similar a: gos ; their sole inducements were the love of count of those Arcadians, who planted a colony glory, and study of war, under so experienced a in Italy. general as Adrastus. The warlike disposition of Gensque virâm truncis et duro robore nata: stauros, Capaneus arises rather from a principle of inhu

Queis neque mos, neque cultus erat : nec jungere manity. He is a mere homicide, and satiable by

Aut componere opes norant, aut parcere parto. blood and carnage only. His behaviour to Am

£nou phiaraus, however palliated with the specious pretence of friendship to Tydeus, is arrogant, im

And Ovid mentions their antiquity. pious, and inhuman : his consciousness of supe Ante Jovem genitum terras habuisse feruntur rior valour makes him proud ; his pridę, impa Arcades, et Lunâ gens prior illa fuit.

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