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The dart, diverted from its destin'd course, Thus the young lion in the Caspian shade,
If chance he lights upon a straggling lamb
Riots in blood, and glories in the slain. Thus, when some hunter's spear has drawn the gore | On Tydeus then unknown he casts his eyes, From the tough forehead of a bristled boar, And measuring his valour by his size, But lightly raz'd the skin, nor reach'd the brain ; Proudly presumes to make an easy prey The daunted savage wheels around with pain, Of the slain chief, and bear his arins away. Grinding his tusks, or stands aloof thro' fear, He now had levell'd many a distant blow, Nor tempts again the fury of his spear. 780 Ere the brave prince perceiv'd his pury foe: 810: Long had brave Prothous with unerring hand At length contemptuously he view'd the man, Dealt out bis sbafts, and gall’d the Grecian band: And formidably smiling, thus began : This Tydeus saw, and rushing at the foe
“ I see, vain fop, too prodigal of breath, And his gay courser, aim'd a double blow.
Thou seekest honour from a glorious death."
And, as if driven with his utmost force, 849 The bit, expir'd recumbent at his side. 790 Deep in his groin infix'd, there stopp'd its course. Thus often on the eloud-supporting crown
The chief of life thus seemingly bereft, of Gaurus, vine and elm are both o'erthrown, The gen'rous victor passes on, and left A double damage to the swain : but most
His arms untouchd, and thus jocosely said, Th' uxorious elm bewails his consort lost;
" These suit not Mars, nor thee, O fav’ring maid : Nor groans so much for his own hapless fate, What man of courage would not blush to wear As for the grapes he presses with his weight. Such gaudy trifles ? -Nay, I scarce would dare Choroebus, comrade of the nine, forsook
Present them, by my consort to be borne,
And lowing beeves expatiate o'er the mead,
In sullen majesty, and sour disdain, . woll'n with ambitious hopes, young Atys came
rom Phocian Cyrrha to the field of fame, in a romance. He was one of those gentlemen To fair Ismena fronı his tender age
who go to was only to please the ladies, and mix Ispous'd; nor did her father's impious rage, the beau with the hero, two characters the most Dr the neglected beauties of her face,
inconsistent in nature, though ofter united in The idol fair one in his eyes disgrace. 810
practice. Whilst, however, we are pitying the Vor in her turn the damsel disapproves
rasb and ill-timed gallantry of this young man, fis faultless person ; mutual were their loves. we cannot but applaud the rough soldier-like beBut war forbids their wuptials; hence arose haviour of Tydeus, and the blunt wit he shows The champion's hatred to his Argive foes.
on this occasion. I shall only observe farther, te shines the foremost in the deathful scene, that this character is admirably well supported, And, lab'ring to be notic'd by his queen,
and is a sufficient proof of our author's vein for Tow wars on foot, and now with loosen'd reins, satire.—The former part of this note belongs to Lad foaming horses pours along the plains.
Barthius. lis doating mother deck'd bis am'rous breast 861. Thus, when the lion] In order to obviate kad graceful shoulders with a purple vest. 820 any objection that may arise to the frequent repe. lis arins and trappings were emboss'd with gold, tition of similes drawn from the same object, I est he should seem less glorious to behold
shall transcribe Mr. Pope's defence of Homer on "han his fair spouse..-On these the chief rely'd, that point. - " Is it not more reasonable to ind the stern Greeks to single fight defy'd; compare the same man always to the same ani"he weakest of his enemies subdu'd,
mal, than to see him sometimes a sun, some. ind none attack'd, wbo were not first pursu'd. times a tree, and sometimes a river? Though rembling he bears their trophies to his train, Homer speaks of the same creature, he so divernd with his troops, inglorious, herds again. sifies the circumstances and accidents of the com
parison, that they always appear quite different. 827. He bears their trophies] This passage. And to say truth, it is not so much the animal or ives us an insight into the ancient method of the thing, as the action or posture of them that ghting. We sie the leaders advancing before employs our imagination: two different animals vir troops, and making an excursion, and as soon | in the same action are more like each other than
they hari obtained the spoils of the vanquished, one and the same animal is to himself in two dif. torning to them again. If this passage is at ferent actions. And those who, in reading Homer, nded to, it will clear up many things in Homer, are shocked that 'tis always a lion, may as well be ad his imitators, which would otherwise seem angry that it is always a man." See Essay on Ty absurd.--Atys would have made a good hero Homer's Battles.
Spares the weak herd, and culling out their head, Each other absent, and by lors rejoice
Tears inaking way, the chaste Ismene broke , Of Atys, swiftly to his rescue flies;
THer silence first, and thus, exelaiming, spoke : And lest his steeds should fag, deserts his car, “O sister! what deluding errours blind And bounds impetuous thro’the ranks of war. 870 And mock the easy, faith of human kind! Th’Arcadian youths advanc'd to strip the slain; | When images, in dreams returning, play : Nor did the Thebans labour to restrain,
Before our eyes, distinct as in tbe day; : Till brave Menæceus thus :-“O foul disgrace And sleep is mark'd by care: for yesternight To boasted Cadmus! O degen'rate race! My fancy labourd with the sudden sight " Shall foreign Atys gain deserv'd applause
Of nuptials, which in peace were never sought, By nobly bleeding in another's cause,
Nor enter'd in my most anguarded thougbt. 910. While we decline the danger of the day,
The bridegroom too among the rest was shown, And children, wives, and all that's dear betray?" Scarce known in person : once indeed I own Fach tender care reviv'd, the troops arise,
I saw him, when my marriage was propos'd, Shame in their breasts, and anger in their eyes. 880 | At court.-But soon the glitt'ring scene was clos'de. Meanwhile the Theban princesses, a pair
The fires extinguish'd suddenly I'view'd, pul mes Alike in manyers, and supremely fair,
And omens and prognostics dire ensu'd. ond Retiring to their chambers, give a vent
My mother follow'd, then, with fury fir'd,
t To mutual grief, and mutual discontent:
And Atys at my hands with shouts requir'd. Nor do they weep the present ills of fate,
What mean these dark portents of death obscared But from the earliest æra of their state
| I fear not, while our house is thus secure, $20 Seek matter of complaint ; one mourns her sire, While the foe stands aloof, and hope remains, And one the mother-queen's incestuous fire; Fraternal concord, may reward our pains. Will This weeps her absent brother's baneful stars, | While thus each other's sorrows they reports to A The monarch that, but both detest the wars. 890 A sudden tumult fills the spacious court;nin in Their vows suspended by an equal love,
And Atys enters (moving scene of woe) coil nad They fondly pity wbom they can't approve, By toil and sweat recover'd from the foe. W And doubt, whom they had rather have prevail : Life's ebbing stream ran trickling on the ground, At length the favour'd exile sinks the scale, One feeble hand reclin'd upon the wound, the Thus Pandionian birds, when they regain
And his loose hairs his bloodless face conceald,? Their native clime in winter's dreary reign,
His languid neck dependent on the shield.- 930 Perch'd on their nests, in plaintive accents tell, Jocasta first the killing object ey'd, Bugoyang And hear what various accidents befel
And trembling calld his fair intended brides. 0, 34 3
This he requests, that with his dying voice roll 873. O foul disgrace]. This little exbortation And last farewell he may confirm his choice. ,'* of Menaceus to his soldiers is at once concise Her name alone, a pleasing sound, long hang ** and pithy. A longer speech at this juncture On his pale lips, and trembling on his tongue would have been very absurd. He has said all | The servants shriek, the virgin with her hands ! that was wanted, and nothing but what he ought. Conceals her blushes : modesty commands.79 1.**] It is something like that comprehensive barangue The queen, indulgent to th'entreating chief, all! of the great Gustavus," Look ye at those fellows; Constrains her to impart this last relief. 198 either fell them, or they'll fell you."-It is re- Thrice at her name he lifts his drooping head, marked of Homer, that his longest orations are And thrice sinks back, his vital spirits fledt og such as were delivered in the heat of battle, a On ber, the light of Heav'n no more enjoyed ** fault which none can accuse our author of without He feasts his eyes, admiring and uncloy'd low MA manifest injustice,
No parents near to rear the sacred pyre, 891. Their vows suspended] This recals to Nor frantic mother, or desponding sire;16 . my remembrance four beautiful lines from Seneca To her th'ungrateful office they assign, The the tragedian, who, in his Thebais, introduces To tend his obsequies and rites divine, aby pre Jocasta speaking as follows:
There, no one present, o'er the corse she sigtis
Closes each wound, and seals her lover's eyes 950 Utramque quamvis diligam affectu pari, | Meanwhile Bellona wak'd anew the frar, Quo causa melior sorsque deterior tradit,
| And turn'd the doubtful fortune of the day: Inclinat animus, seinper infirmo favens
She chang'd her torch, and other serpents more. Miseros magis fortuna conciliat suis.
Heap'd slain on slain and swellid tbe stream of core, Though, by the by, the poet seems to contradict | As if the toil of tight was scarce begun, what he said before. viz. tbat Antigone preferred much work of death remaining to be done. Polynices in her esteem. 895. Thus Pandionian birds, when] Statius is
923. While thus) not the first poet who has likened the chattering |
This description of the of women to the chirping of birds. Virgil in his
distress of the two lovers is beyond all the endoÆneid compares the loquacious Juturna to one of
mjums that can be given it; though the grief of
Ismene on this occasion is not so outrageous, as them.
if she had not been prepared for it by a previous Nigra velut magnas domini cum divitis ædes dream. The dying warrior is very artfully introPervolat, et pennis alta atria lustrat hirundo, duced, his condition and appearances are very Pahula parva legens, pidisque loquacibus escas: | picturesque, and the effects of bis violent passion Et nunc porticibus vacuis, nunc humida circum finely imagined, though at the same time very Stagna sonat.
Lib. 12. ver. 473. natural.
fat Tydeus shines the most; tho', sure to wound, A grateful shelter to the coward king. Parthenopæus deals his shafts around,
As when the shepherds, gath'ring in a ring, l'ho' fierce Hippomedon impels bis horse Attempt to drive the nightly wolf away; l'hro' the gor'd war, and crushes many a corse, 960) The prowling savage, heedful of his prey, Ind Capaneus' javelin wings its flight,
Pursues that only, nor attacks his foes, Afar distinguish'd in the ranks of fight,
Whose clubs and stones annoy him as he goes. lis was the day : before him trembling flies Thus Tydeus disregards th' inferior crowd, The Theban herd, as thus aloud he cries :
And vengeanceon their guilty monarch vow'd. 1010 Why this retreat, when unreveng'd remain Yet, scorning opposition in the chace, Tour valiant comrades, late in ambush slaiu ? | He struck the daring Thoas in his face ; Behold the man, by whom alone they bled : A well-aim'd dart Deilochus arrests, Behold, and wreak on his devoted head
And left its point deep-buried in his breasts : Pour wrath collected.-Can ye thus forego Pierc'd in the side, then Clonius bit the ground, The chance of war, and spare the present foe ? 970 | And stern Hippotades, from whose wide wound & there a man whom this wide-wasting steel The bowels gush'd.-Full helmets oft he skims las wrong'd, for vengeance let him here appeal. | In air, and to the trunk restores his limbs. row by my soul it grieves me, that content And now the prince, unweary'd yet with toils, Vith fifty deaths, my course I backward bent Block'd bimself up with carcases and spoils: 1020 To fair Mycenæ.-Fly then, but this day With him alone the circling bosts engage, The proud usurper for your fight shall pay." The single object of their missile rage, Icarce had he spoke, when on the left be spy'd Part glitter on the surface of his skin, The king conspicuous for his plumy pride, Part frustrate fall, and part are lodg'd within : Rallying his routed forces.--At the view
Some Pallas plucks away. His targe appears l'he kindling hero to th' encounter Bew, 980 An iron grove, thick set with gleamy spears. Is on a swan the royal eagle springs
No crest is extant; thro' the bristling hide With swift descent, and shades hin with his wings. His naked back and shoulders are descry'd : Then thus.--"O monarch, studious of the right, And Mars, which on his casque depictur'd sate, Meet we thus fairly by Apollo's light?
Fell off, a joyless omen of bis fate. 1030 Dr hadst thou rather trust thy worthless life The shiver d brass into his body pent, (lent Po night and ambuscades, than open strife?" Wrought him such pain as might have made reto this the sullen tyrant nought replies,
The bravest heart, when lo! a stroke descends, Sut at the foe a spear loud wbizzing Ries,
And from the gums his gnashing grinders rends. harg'd with an answer. Rapid was its force; His breast is delug'd with a tide of gore, lat towards the period of its furious course 990 With dust embrown'd, while each dilated pore Jenides beat it off, and whirls his own
In copious drops perspires.--Pleas'd he survey'd Vith strength and vigour until then unknown. His bands applauding, and the martial maid, wift rush'd the lance, and promis'd in its flight Who o'er her eyes the spreading ægis threw, o put an end to the destructive fight.
As to her sire in his behalf she flew. 1040 The fav’ring gods of either party bent
But see, an ashen jav'lin cuts the wind, Their eyes towards it, anxious for th' event; And leaves, with anger charg'd, the clouds bebind. lut for his brother the fell fiend presery'd
Long was the author of the deed unknown, teocles. Aside the jav'lin swerv'd
Great Menalippus, for he durst not own : 6 Phlegyas, his squire, where 'midst the press At length the foe's untimely joy display'd le toil'd with equal honour and success. 1000 The warrior, herding in his troop, betray'd. low fiercer grown, th' Ætolian draws bis sword, ind rushes, but the Thebag arms afford
1019. And now the prince] The magnanimous
Scæva is in much the same plight in the sixth 957. But Tydeus shines the most] The pic- | book of Lucan's Pharsalia. are of Tydeus in the following lines is very elaprately dra wo. As his fate is near at hand, the Illum tota premit moles, illum omnia tela. oet endeavours to make him quit the stage with
Fortis crebris sonat ictibus umbo, onour, and immortalize him in his verses. Ac-| Et galeæ fragmenta cara compressa perurunt prdingly, this being the last scene he is to ap Tempora : nec quicquam nudis vitalibus obstat par in, he is ushered in with the greatest pomp;
Jam pater stantes in summis ossibus hastas. ad lest there should be any doubt of his supe
Stat non fragilis pro Cæsare murus, ority, after having been compared to the king
Pompe umque tenet : jam pectora non tegit armis: | beasts, he is represented by the eagle, king of
Ac veritus credi clypeo, lævaque vacasse, irds. The poet, by this accumulation of similes,
Aut culpa vixisse sua non vulnera belli Lises our ideas of his hero much higher than any
Solus obit, densamque ferens in pectore sylvam, mple description can reach.
Tum gradibus fessis, in quen cadet, eligit hostem. 981. As on a swan] This comparison is very | 1041. But see, an ashen jav'lin) These verses rinutely copied from Homer, as may be seen
are imitated from Virgil. om the circumstance of the shadowing of the
Has inter voces, media inter talia verba, agle's wings.
Ecce viro stridens alis allapsa sagitta est : the strong eagle from bis airy height,
Incertum quâ pulsa manu, quo turbine adacta; Vho marks the swans' or cranes' embodied flight, Quis tantam Rutulis laudem, casusne, Deusne, toops down impetuous, as they light for food, | Attulerit : pressa est insignis gloria facti, nd stooping, darkens with his wings the flood. Nec sese Æneæ jactavit vulnere quisquam. Pope's liad.
Æneid, Lib. 12. ver. 323. JOL. XX.
For the pierc'd hero, now no longer steel'd While he remarks the restless balls of sight, Against the growing anguish, loos'd his shield, That sought and shunnd alternately the light And bent beneath the wound. This seen, the Contented now, his wrath began to cease, Greeks
And the fierce warrior had expir'd in peace; Rush to his aid with groans, nor manly shrieks : But the fell fiend a thought of rengeance bred, The sons of Cadmus, smiling at their grief, 1051 Unworthy of himself, and of the dead. 1100 With shouts triumphant intercept relief,
Mean while, her sire unmov'd, Tritonia came, The chief, inspecting close the adverse side, To crown her hero with immortal fame; The marksman, lurking in the crowd, espy'd, But, when she saw his jaws besprinkled o'er Collects his whole remains of life and strength, With spatter'd brains, and ting'd with living fore; And throws a weapon of enormous length, Whilst his iinploring friends atteinpt in vain Which neighb'ring Hopleusgave, nor gave in vain : To calm his fury, and his rage restrain : Forth spouts the blood, extorted by the strain. | Again, recoiling from the loathsome vier, By force his sad companions drag bim thence, The sculptur'd target o'er her face sbe threr; (While yet unconscious of his impotence) 1060 And, her affection chang'd to sudden bate, Then bear him to the margin of the field, Resigu'd Qenides to the will of fate : 1110 His sides supported in a double shield;
But, ere she join'd the senate of the skies, And promise, he shall quickly re-engage,
Purg'd in llyssos her anhallow'd eyes,
the insult offered to Menalippus's body, rener Nor anxious for the honours of the tomb.
the fight with great ardour, Polynices, almost Curst are the brittle limbs, which thus desert The soul, when most their strength they should that remarkable action of Tydeus which so mock All I solicit farther is the head
[exert. | offended Mr. Pope, that, in vindicating a passage Of Menalippus; for my jav'lin sped,
of Homer, where Achilles wishes he could eat the And stretch'd, I trust, the dastard on the plains : flesh of Hector, he says, “ However, this is Then haste, Hippomedon, if aught remains much more tolerable than a passage in the The Of Argive blood; and thou, Arcadian youth, baid of Statjus, wbere Tydeus, in the very pango In praise of whom fame e'en detracts from truth : of death, is represented as gnawing the besd Go, valiant Capaneus, thy country's boast, 1081 | his enemy," But, with deference to the memu. And now the greatest of th' Argolic host."
of that great man, I must beg leave to cart All mov'd; but Capaneus arrives the first, .
something in my author's defence, which I shall Where breathing yet he lay, deformd with dust, leave the reader to consider. And took him on his shouders. Down his back First, With respect to the fact taken absolutels, Flows the warm blood, and leaves a crimson track, and in itself, the poet does not recite it as portas Such look'd Alcides, when in times of yore
of imitation, or praise his hero for the perpetra He enter'd Argus with the captive boar.
tion of it; but expresses his abhorrence of it, and O'ercome with joy and anger, Tydeus tries informs us, that Tisiphone suggested it to Trderes, To rais himself, and meets with eager eye 1090 and that Pallas herself, his stanch patrocess, The deathful object, pleas'd as he survey'd
was so disgusted as utterly to desert him: they His own condition in his foe's pourtray'd.
are circumstances that sufficiently absolve the The sever'd head impatient be demands,
poet from the censure of making his favourite And grasps with fervour in his trembling hands,
| character so monstrously brutish and inbuman
Secondly, If we consider it comparatively, we 1062. His sides] The ancients were wont to must observe, that the will and intention, which carry their generals who fell in battle on a shield; only render moral actions culpable, were tee as we learn from Virgil, book 10.
same both in Acbilles and Tydeas. The forte At socii multo gemitu, lacrymisque,
wishes he could eat his enemy's fiesh, the latter Impositum scuto referunt Pallanta frequentes.
does it; so that the only difference is, that is
deus had a better appetite, and less aversioa tə Again, book 10.
human flesh than Achilles. At Lausum socii exanimum super arma ferebant.
Lastly, If it is really a fault, the commissica
of it was owing to the extravagapt reperatia The losing a shield in combat was looked upon as that Statius had for Horrer, as it is evidentis the greatest disgrace that could befall a man: imitated from the above-mentioned passage in Tecum Philippos et celerem fugam
the Iliad : so that the original thought will stil Sensi, relictâ non bene parmula,
be chargeable on that great author.
1112. Ilyssos] Is a river of Elysium, obiet says Horace: hence the famous saying of the the poet terms guiltless, because it makes guikte Spartan lady, when she gave her son a shield; less, i e, purifies. It is opposed to Styx, : Aut cum illo, aut in illo; i.e.“ Either return | stream of Hell; and called in Greek Hiser, with it, or upon it."- Part of this note belongs from Avois, that is to say, solution, because sues, to Bernartjus.
after the solution of their corporeal bonds, der ¡093, The sever'd head] We are now come to scend to those fields.
overcome with grief for the death of Tydeus, | Yet truly they the prophet's end bemoan,
And the bright greaves his falling shield supporte,
And scarcely drags his falt'ring knees along,
And cumbrous spear, as though he was deprest His foes, and th'ardour of revenge inspires. With countless wounds, and pain'd above the rest. E'en his own Grecians less deplore bis fate, The breathless hero by his comrades shown, 61 Ind blame his fury and excess of hate.
Who the sad prince attend with many a groan, Mars too, severest on th'embattled mead,
He groveis o'er the corse, (while from his eyes ame represents disgusted at the deed,
| The tears run copious) and desponding cries : Vhat time, a vig'rous agent in the war,
“ O Tydeus, hope of all iny warlike toils, Ver hills of slain he drove his rattling car, Prop of my cause, and partner of my spoils ! lo dire a scene the god could not survey,
Is this the recompense I should bestow, lut turn'd his steeds, and measur'd back the way. Are these the thanks which to my friend I owe, o punish, then, the injury sustain'd
That in my sight I suffer thee to lie y Menalippus, on his corse prophan'd
Unwept and bare beneath a foreign sky? 70 'he Theban youth with wrath rekindled rise.
In exile now far worse than death I rove, 'rom man to man th’infectious vengeance flies,
| Depriv'd in thee of more than brother's love, is if sorne foe their sires should disintomb,
Nor seek I now the crown by lot decreed, nd their remains a prey to monsters doom. And sullied throne to wbich I should succeed : 'he monarch fans the fire, and thus bespeaks:
Little I prize the badges of command, Who now will favour, and account the Greeks
And sceptre, which I take not from thy hand. s men ?-Behold, with arms supply'd no more hey ply their teeth, and lap the Theban gore, 20
35. Thus fowls obscene] Milton has a noble iy, do we not with Lybian lions fight, Pith human art opposing savage might?
simile conceived in the genuine spirit of this e Tydeus, as a lenitive in death,
author : eding on hostile flesh resigns his breath,
As when a fock 'ith fire and sword contented we engage; of rav'nous fowl, though many a league remote, heir want of weapons is supply'd by rage.
Against the day of battle, to a field fining cruelty, full in the view
Where armies lie incamp'd, come flying, lur'd | Jove, this impious track may they pursue.
With scent of living carcases, design'd
For death the following day, in bloody fight. 1. The brutal rage] The poet, foreseeing as it
Par, Lost, book 10. v. 273. re, that he should offend the delicacy of the tics by this narrative, seems in this passage to 65. O Tydeus) These reflections of Polynices ve endeavoured to obviate the censure, and as on the death of Tydeus are very manly and pare the reader, that he did not propose this thetic; they display a dignity of soul, a disintion of his hero as worthy of imitation, but terestedness of friendsbip, and an ove flowing of ite the reverse :-with a view to tbis, he re gratitude, that is rarely to be found in the breast sents Mars expressing bis abhorrence of it in of the ambitious; and I doubt not, but readers of
stropgest manner, and introduces Eteocles the same delicate mould as the speaker here ing advantage of this act of brutality, to rally seems to be, will meet with a great deal of enterThebans to the charge,
tainment in the perusal of this masterly oration.