Imprisoning Communities : How Mass Incarceration Makes Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Worse: How Mass Incarceration Makes Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Worse

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At no time in history, and certainly in no other democratic society, have prisons been filled so quickly and to such capacity than in the United States. And nowhere has this growth been more concentrated than in the disadvantaged--and primarily minority--neighborhoods of America's largest urban cities. In the most impoverished places, as much as 20% of the adult men are locked up on any given day, and there is hardly a family without a father, son, brother, or uncle who has not been behind bars. While the effects of going to and returning home from prison are well-documented, little attention has been paid to the impact of removal on neighborhoods where large numbers of individuals have been imprisoned. In the first detailed, empirical exploration of the effects of mass incarceration on poor places, Imprisoning Communities demonstrates that in high doses incarceration contributes to the very social problems it is intended to solve: it breaks up family and social networks; deprives siblings, spouses, and parents of emotional and financial support; and threatens the economic and political infrastructure of already struggling neighborhoods. Especially at risk are children who, research shows, are more likely to commit a crime if a father or brother has been to prison. Clear makes the counterintuitive point that when incarceration concentrates at high levels, crime rates will go up. Removal, in other words, has exactly the opposite of its intended effect: it destabilizes the community, thus further reducing public safety. Demonstrating that the current incarceration policy in urban America does more harm than good, from increasing crime to widening racial disparities and diminished life chances for youths, Todd Clear argues that we cannot overcome the problem of mass incarceration concentrated in poor places without incorporating an idea of community justice into our failing correctional and criminal justice systems.
 

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This book is a well rounded expose of the impact that incarceration has on minority communities. The author takes a great deal of time discussing the removal of these individuals from their neighborhoods, mostly poor and how this process affects the community infrastructure and public safety but most importantly, the individuals' family.
The extraordinary growth in the prison system for the last 30 years has had a small impact on crime. The growth in imprisonment has been concentrated among poor, minority males who live in impoverished neighborhoods.
Concentrated incarceration in those impoverished communities has broken families, eroded economic strengh and increased rather than decreased crime rates.
Overall, the book is well written and flows naturally from chapter to chapter, making it very accessible to future readers with a particular interest in the future of policy making in the criminal justice field.
 

Contents

1 The Problem of Concentrated Incarceration
3
2 Incarceration and Crime
15
3 The Problem of Mass Incarceration Concentrated in Poor Places
49
4 Communities Coercive Mobility and Public Safety
69
Studies of the Impact of Incarceration
93
People in HighIncarceration Communities Talk about the Impact of Incarceration
121
7 The Impact of Incarceration on Community Safety
149
The Case for Community Justice
175
Imagining a Strategy of Community Justice
209
Bibliography
225
Index
249
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