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of this duty, as well as of all others. He directed highest strains of mirth and laughter: it is there. them to the proper object of adoration, and fore a melancholy prospect when we see a nue tanght them, according to the third rule above merous assembly lost to all serious entertain. mentioned, to apply themselves to him in their ments, and such incidents, as Mould move one closets, without thow or ostentation, and to

sort of concern, excite in them a quite contrary worship him “in spirit and in truth.” As the one. In the tragedy of Macbeth, the other night, Lacedaemonians in their form of prayer implored when the lady who is conscious of the crime of the gods in general to give thein all good things murdering the king, seems utterly astonished at fo long as they were virtuous, we ask in particu the news, and makes an exclamation at it, in. lar, “ that our offences may be forgiven, as we

stead of the indigration which is natural to the “ forgive those of others.” If we look into the occasion, that expression is received with a loud second rule which Socrates has prescribed, name- laugh: they were as merry when a criminal was ly, that we should apply ourselves to the know stabbed. It is certainly an occasion of rejoicing ledge of such things as are best for us; this too

when the wicked are seized in their designs ; is explained at large in the doctrines of the gor but I think it is not such a triumph as is expel, where we are taught in several instances to erted by laughter. regard those things as curses, which appear as You may generally observe, that the appetites blessings in the eye of the world, and on the are focner moved than the passions: a ny excontrary, to eteem those things as blessings, pretion which alludes to bawdry, puts a whole which to the generality of mankind appear as

row into a pleating fairk; when a good sencurses. Thus in the oim which is prcfcribed tence that describes an inward sentiment of the to us v only pray for that lappircis which is fou', is received with the greatest coldness and our chici geod, and the great end of our existence, indifference. A correspondent of mine, upon when we petition the Supreme Being for “the this fubjoet, has divided the female part of the “ coming of his kingdom,” being folicitous for audience, and accounts for their prepoffesfions no other temporal bichings but our « daily fuf- against this reasonable delig!it in the following “ tenance." On the other fide, we pray against manner. The prudc, say, he, as the acts always nothing butsin, and against evil in general, leaving in contradiction, so she is gravely fullen at a it with Omniscience to deterinine what is really comedy, and extravagantly gay at a tragedy, fuch. If we look into the first of Socrates his The coquette is so much taken up with throwing rules of prayer, in which he recommends the her eyes around the audience, and considering above mentioned form of the ancient poet, we

the effect of them, that she cannot be expected find that form not only comprehended, but very

to cbserve the actors but as they are her rivals, much improved by the petition, wherein we pray and take off the observation of the men from to the Supreme Being that “ his will may be herself. Besides these species of women, there « done:” which is of the fane force with that are the examples, or the first of the mode: there form which our Saviour uscci, when he prayed are to be supposed too well acquainted with what against the most painful and most ignominious of the actor is going to say to be moved at it. After deaths, “ Nevertheless not my will, but thine be these cne might mention a certain fippant set of “ done.” This comprehensive petition is the females who are mimics, and are wonderfully most humble, as well as the most prudent, that diverted with the conduct of all the people can be offered up from the creature to his Crea- around them, and are spectators only of the aufor, as it supposes the Supreme Being wills no

dience. But what is of all the most to be la, thing but what is for our good, and that he mented, is the loss of a party whom it would be knows better than ourselves what is to.

worth preserving in their right senses upon all L occasions, and these are those whom we may in,

differently call the innocent or the unaffected.

You may sometimes see one of these sensibly N° 208. MONDAY, OCTOBER 29.

touched with a well-wrought incident; but then -Veniunt speclentur ut ipsa.

she is immediately fo impertinently observed by Ovid. Ars Am. lib. 1. ver. 99. perior of her own fex, that she is ashamed, and

the men, and frowned at by some insensible su. To be themselves a spectacle, they come.

lores the enjoyment of the most laudable con. HAVE several letters from people of good cern, pity. Thus the whole audience is afraid

fenfe, who lament the depravity or poverty of letting fall a tear, and Thun as a weakness the of taste the town is fallen into with relation to best and worthiest part of our sense. plays and public spectacles. A lady in particular observes, that there is such a levity in the minds of her own fex, that they seldom attend any thing S you are one that doth not only pretend but impertinences. It is indeed prodigious' to

to reforın, but effect it amongst people observe how little notice is taken of the most ex • of any fense; makes me (who am one of the alted parts of the best tragedies of Shakespear; nay, greatest of your admirers) give you this trouble it is not only visible that sensuality has devoured to defire you will settle the method of us feall greatness of toul, but the under-paifion, as I 'males knowing when one another is in town; may so call it, of a noble fpirit, pity, seems to for they have now got a trick of never sending be a stranger to the generality of an audience. to their acquaintance when they firft come; The minds of men are indeed very differently ! and if one does not visit them within the week disposed; and the reliefs from care and attention ' which they stay at home, it is a morta! quarrel. are of one sort in a great spirit, and of another “Now, dear Mr. Spec. either command them to in an ordinary one. The man of a great lieart put it in the advertisement of your paper, and a serious complexion, is more pleased with .. which is generally read by our sex, or else order instances of generosity and pity, than the light them to breathe their faucy footmen, who are and ludicrous..fpirit can poßibly be with the good for nothing else, by sending them to tell all





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their acquaintance. If you think to print this, own times with those which prevailed in the pray put it in a better stile, as to the spelling times of his forefathers; and drawing a parallel part. The town is now filling every day, and in his mind between liis own private character, it cannot be deferred, because people take ad- and that of other persons, whether of his own yantage of one another by this means and break age, or of the ages that went before him. The off acquaintance, and are rude: therefore pray contemplation of mankind under these changeable put this in your paper as soon as you can pof- colours, is apt to shame us out of any particular

sibly, to prevent any future miscarriages of this vice, or animate us to any particular virtue; to (nature, I am, as I ever shall be,

make us pleased or displeased with ourselves in "Dear Spec,

the most proper points, to clear our minds of Your most obedient humble servant, prejudice and prepoffeffion, and rectify that nar

Mary Meanwell. rowness of temper which inclines us to think Pray settle what is to be a proper notification amiss of those who differ from ourselves.

If we look into the manners of the most remote of a person's being in town, and how that • differs according to people's quality.'

ages of the world, we discover human nature in

her fimplicity; and the more we come downward Mr. Spectator,

October the 20th,

towards our own times, may observe her hiding Have been out of town, so did not meet

herself in artifices and refinements, polished inwith your paper dated September the 28th, senfibly out of her original plainnels, and at wherein you, to my heart's desire, expose that length intirely loft under form and ceremony, cursed vice of infnaring poor young girls, and and, what we call, good-breeding. Read the

accounts of men and women as they are given us. drawing them from their friends. without flattery it has saved a 'prentice of by the most ancient writers, both sacred and promine from ruin; and in token of gratitude as

fane, and you would think you were reading the well as for the benefit of my family, I have put

history of another species. < it in a frame and glass, and hung it behind my who instruct us more openly in the manners of

Among the writers of antiquity, there are none • counter. I Mall take care to make my young their respective times in which they lived, than

ones read it every morning to fortify them
against such pernicious rascals. I know not

those who have employed themselves in satire, un( whether what you writ was matter of fact, or

der what dress soever it may appear; as there are your own invention; but this I will take my directly into the ways of men, and set their mis

no other authors whose province it is to enter so • oath on, the first part is so exactly like what carriages in so strong a light. happened to my 'prentice, that had I read your

Simonides, a poet famous in his generation, is, paper then, I should have taken your method to have secured a villain.. Go on and prosper; extant; and, as some say, of the first that was

I think, author of the oldest satire that is now Your most obliged humble servant.'

ever written.

This poet flourished about four "Mr. Spectator,

hundred years after the fiege of Troy; and thews, Íthout raillery, I desire you to insert coarseness of the age in which he lived. by his way of writing, the simplicity, or ratlier

I have this word for word in your next, as

taken notice, in my hundred and sixty.firft fpeyou value a lover's prayers. You see it is an • hue and cry after a fray heart, with the marks French call the Bienseance, in an allusion, has

culation, that the rule of observing what the « and blemishes under-written, which whoever been found out of latter years; and that the an• shall bring to you, shall receive satisfaction. cients, provided there was a likeness in their fi" Let me beg of you not to fail, as you remember militudes, did not much trouble themselves about • the passion you had for her to whom you lately the decency of the comparison. The satire or iam« ended a paper.

bics of Simonides, with which I Mall entertain " Noble, generous, great and good,

my readers in the present paper, are a remarks6 But never to be understood;

able instance of what I formerly advanced. The - Fickle as the wind, still changing,

subject of this fatire is woman. He describes the After every female ranging,

sex in their several characters, which he derives • Panting, trembling, fighing, dying,

to them from a fanciful supposition raised upon 66 But addicted much to lying :

the doctrine of præ-existence. He tells us, that " When the Siren songs repeats,

the gods formed the souls of women out of those « Equal measures still it beats;

seeds and principles which compose several kinds « Whoe'er shall wear it, it will smart her, of animals and elements; and that their good “ And whoe'er takes it, takes a Tartar.”

or bad difpofitions arises in them according as T such and such feeds and principles predominate

in their conftitutions. I have translated the author

very faithfully, and if not word for word, which No 209. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 30.

our language would not bear, at least so as to Γυναικός έδε χρήμανήρ ληΐζέλας

comprehend every one of his sentiments, without 'Εσθλής άμεινον έδε ρίγιον κακής. Simonides. adding one thing of my own.

I have already

apologized for this author's want of delicacy, Of earthly goods the best, is a good wife; and must further premise, that the following A bad, the birtereft curse of human life.

facire affects only some of the lower part of the WHERE are no authors I am more pleased sex, and not those who liave been refined by a

with, than those who sew human nature polite education, which was not so common in in a variety of views, and describe the several the age of this poet.

A ages of the world in their different manners. “In the beginning God made the souls of reader cannot be more rationally entertained, " womankind out of different materials, and in than by comparing the virtues and vices of his

a separate state from their bodies.

" The


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« ment.
« by him.

« The fouls of one kind of women were form

She loves her husband, and is beloved « ed out of those ingredients which compose a

She brings him a race of beautiful “ swine. A woman of this make is a sut in " and virtuous children. She distinguishes her« her house and a glutton at her tatie. She is “ self among her sex. She is surrounded with “ uncleanly in her person, a flattern in her dress, graces. She never sits among the loose tribe 6 and her family is no better than a dunghill. of women, nor passes away her time with them

« A fecond sort of female foul was formed out “in wanton discourses. She is full of virtue and « of the fame materials that enter into the com prudence, and is the best wife that Jupiter can « position of a fox. Such an one is what we call « beltow on ran."

a notable discerning woman, who has an in" light into every thing, whether it be good or I shall conclude there iambics with the motto so bad.

In this species of females there are some of this paper, which is a fragment of the same ss virtuous and some vicious.

author: A man cannot poiïess any thing that 6 A'third kind of women were made up of ca- " is better than a good woman, nor any thing that “ nine particles. These are what we commonly “is worse than a bad one.” * call scolds, who imitate the animais out of As the poet has fewn a great penetration in 6 which they were taken, that are always busy this diversity of female charačiers, he has avoided " and barking, that snarl at every one who comes the fault which Juvenal and Monsieur Boileau « in their way, and live in perpetual clamour. are guilty of, the former in his fixth, and the other

“ The fourth kind of women were made out in his last fatire, where they have endeavoured to " of the earth. These are your luggards, who expose the fex in general, witliout doing justice « pass away their time in indolence and igno- to the valuable part of it. Such levelling satires “ rancc, hover over the fire a whole winter, and are of no use to the world, and for this reason ! " apply themselves with alacrity to no kind of have often wondered how the French author « buïness but eating.

above-mentioned, who was a man of exquisite “ The fifth i'pecies of feinales were made out judgment, and a lover of virtue, could think hu66 of the sea. There are women of variable un man nature a proper subjeâ for satire in another 6 even tempers, sometimes all form and tenpeft, of his celebrated pieces, which is called “ The « sometimes all calm and sunshine. The stranger “ fatire upon man." What vice or frailty can a « who fees one of these in lier (miles and smooth. discourse correct, which censures the whole fpe, « ness, would cry hier up for a miracle of good. cies al ke, and endeavours to thew by some super“ humour; but on a sudden her looks and words fsciał strokes of wit, that brures are the more ex« are changed, she is notliing but fury and out cellent creatures of the two. A fatire mould ex, « rage, noise and hurricane.

pose nothing but what is corrigible, and make a “ The sixth species were made up of the in, due discrimination between those who are, and « gredients which compose an ass, or a beast of those who are not the proper objects of it, « burden, These are naturally exceeding floth^ ful, but upon the husband's exerting his au«'thority, will live upon hard fare, and do every N° 210. WEDNESDAY, OCT. 3.1. " thing to please him. They are however far “ from being averse to veneroal pleasure, and Nifcio quomodo inhæret in mentibus quafi feculorum “ felslom refufc a male companion.

quoddam angur'un futurorum; idque in maximis « The cat furnished materials for a seventh ingeniis altijnsque animis & exiftit maximè & “ fpecies of women, who are of a melancholy, apparet facili me

Cic. Tufc. Quæft. s'froward, unamiable nature, and so repugnant “ to the offers of love, that they fly in the face of There is, I know not how, in the minds of men " their husband when he approaches them with

a certain presage, as it were, of a future exis« conjugal endearments. This species of women

tence; and this takes the deepest root, and is " are likewise subject to little thefts, cheats,, and

most discoverable in the greatest geniuses and

most exalted fouls. « pilferings.

« The mare with a flowing mane, which was « never broke to any servile toiland labour, com

To the Spectator. pored an eighth species of women. These are

ISIR, " they who have little regard for their husbands, AM fully persuaded that one of the best « who pass away their time in dreling, bathing, springs of generous and worthy actions, is " and perfuming; wiro throw their hair into the liaving generous and worthy thoughts of " the nicest curls, and trick it up with the fairent ourselves. Whoever has a mean opinion of the « flowers and garlands. A woman of this fpe dignity of his nature, will act in no higher a “ cies is a very pretty thing for a stranger to look rank than he has allotted himself in his own “ upon, but very detrimental to the owner, un estimation. If he confiders his being as cir« less it be a king or prince who takes a fancy to cumfcribed by the uncertain term of a few

years, his designs will be contracted into the " The ninth species of females were taken out ' fame narrow span he imagines is to bound his «' of the ape. These are such as are both urly 'existence. How can he exalt his thoughts to " and ill-natured, who have nothing beautiful any thing great and noble, who only believes * in themselves, and endeavour to detract from 'that, after a short turn on the stage of this " or ridicule every thing which appears so in world, he is to sink into oblivion, and to lose 6 others.

' his consciousness for ever? « The tenth and last fpecies of women were . For this reason I am of opinion, that fo ufe. " made out of the bee; and happy is the man 'ful and elevated a contemplation as that of the

who gets such an cne for his wife. She is al. foul's immortality cannot be refumed too often, " together faulilcfs and unblameable; her fainily ' There is not a more improving exercise to the « Raurishes and improves by her good manage human mind, than to be frequently reviewing


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its own great privileges and endowments; the mass of inanimate beings, that it equally

nor a more effectual means to awaken in us an deserves our admiration and pity. The mystery « ambition raised above low objects and little ! of such men's unbelief is not hard to be pene

pursuits, than to value ourselves as heirs of “trated; and indeed amounts to nothing more eternity.

than a sordid hope that they shall not be imIt is a very great satisfaction to consider the mortal, because they daře not be fo. • best and wisest of mankind in all nations and • This brings me back to my first observation,

ages, asserting, as with one voice, this their . and gives me occasion to say further, that as

birthright, and to find it ratified by an express worthy actions spring from worthy thoughts, « revelation. At the same time if we turn our į fo worthy thoughts are likewise the consequence * thoughts inward upon ourselves, we may meet of worthy actions : but the wretch who has

with a kind of secret lense concurring with the degraded himself below the character of im* proofs of our own immortality.

( mortality, is very willing to resign his preten. < You have, in my opinion, raised a good pre- fions to it, and to substitute in its room a • fumptive argument from the increasing appetite « dark negative happiness in the extinction of his

the mind has to knowledge, and to the extend* ing its own faculties, which cannot be accom • The adinirable Shakespear has given us a • plished, as the more reftrained perfection of 'strong image of the unsupported condition of * lower creatures may, in the limits of a short ' such a person in his last minutes in the second • life. I think another probable conjecture may part of King Henry the fixth, where cardinal

be raised from our appetite to duration itself, " Beaufort, who had been concerned in the irur

and from a reflexion on our progress thro' the • der of the good Duke Humphrey, is represented < several stages of it! “We are complaining," as r on his death-bed. After some short confused

you observe in a former speculation, “ of the ' speeches which shew an imagination disturbed " Tortness of life, and yet are perpetually hur-. ' with guilt, just as he was expiring, King Henry rying over the parts of it to arrive at certain standing by himn full of compassion, says, "« little settlements, or imaginary points of rest, " which are dispersed up and down in it.” " Lord Cardinal! if thou think'st on Heav'n's "Now let us consider what happens to us when

" bliss, we arrive at these " imaginary points of reft :" “ Hold up thy hand, make signal of that hope! • Do we stop our motion, and fit down satisfied « He dies, and makes no sign !"(in the settlement we have gained ? or are we ' not removing the boundary, and marking out « The despair which is here Thewn, without a

new points of rest, to which we press forward word or action on the part of the dying perfon, ' with the like eagerness, and which cease to be is beyond what could be painted by the most « such as faft as we attain them? Our case is like forcible expressions whatever.

that of a traveller upon the Alps, who should I shall not pursue this thought farther, but fancy that the top of the next hill must end his only add, that as annihilation is not to be had journey, because it terminates his prospect; but with a wish, so it is the most abject thing in the

he no sooner arrives at it than he sees new ( world to wish it. What are honour, fame, • ground and other hills beyond it, and continues (wealth, or power, when compared with the gem " to travel on as before.

• nerous expectation of a being without end, and " This is so plainly every man's condition in a happiness adequate to that being ?

life, that there is no one who has observed any' "I shall trouble you no farther; but with a • thing, but may observe, that as fast as his time certain gravity which these thoughts have given

wears away, his appetite to something future me, I reflect upon some things people say of remains. The use therefore I would make of you, as they will of men who distinguish ther. it is this, that since nature, as some love to ex selves, which I hope are not true; and wish press it, does nothing in vain, or, to speak pro you as good a man as you are an author. I am, perly, since the Author of our being has planted

(SIR, no wandering pallion in it, no defire which has

"Your most obedient humble servant, ' not its object, futurity is the proper object of Z

T. D.' • the passion fo constantly exercised about it; 6 and this restlessness in the present, this assigning • ourselves over to farther stages of duration, this N° 211. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 1• ' successive grasping at somewhat still to come,

appears to me, whatever it may to others, as a Fietis meminerit nos jocari fabulis. • kind of instinct or natural symptom which the

Phædr. lib. 1. Prol. « mind of man has of its own immortality. ... take it at the same time for granted, that. Let it be remember’d that we sport in fabled fto

ries, the immortality of the soul is sufficiently esta•blished by other arguments,: and if so, this ap

AVING lately translated the fragment of petite, which otherwise would be very unac an old poet wlich describes womankind

countable and absurd, seems very reasonable, under several characters, and supposes them to " and adds strength to the conclufion. But I am have drawn their different manners and di pori( amazed when I contider there are creatures can tions from those animals and elements out of

pable of thought, who, in spite of every argu- which he tells us they were compounded; I had

ment, ean fcrm to themselves a sullen satisfac- fome thoughts of giving the lex their revenge, by • tion in thinking.otherwise. There is something laying together in another paper the many vi

so pitifully mean in the inverted ambition of cious characters which prevail in the male world, that man who can hope for annihilation, and and Thewing the d fferent ingredients that go to

please himself to think that his whole fabric the making up of such different humours and * Thall one day crumble into duft, and mix with constitutions. · Horace has a thought which is



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fomething akin to this, when, in order to excuse duced. My following correspondents will shew. him. If to his mistress, for an invective which he what I there observed, that the speculation of had written against her, and to account for that that day affects only the lower part of the sex. unieasonable fury with which the heart of man

• From my house in the Strand, October 30, is often transported, he tells us, that when Pro

1711. metheus mide his man of clay, in the kneading up of the heart, he seasoned it with some furious

Mr. Sperlator, particies of the lion. But upon turning this

SPON reading your Tuesday's paper, I find plan to and fro in my thouglits, I observed to many unaccountable humours in man, tliat I did

that I am a bee. My shop, or if you please to mot know out of what aniinals to fetch them.

call it so, my cell, is in that great hive of fe. Maie fouls are diversified with so many charac

'males which goes by the name of “1 he Newters, that the world has not variety of materials

• Exchange;" where I am daily employed in gafufficient to furnish out their different tempers

thering together a little stock of gain from the and inclinations. The creation, with all its ani

finest fowers about the town, I mean the lamals and elements, would not be large enough

odies and the beaux. I have a numerous swarm to supply their several extravagancies.

I of children, to whom I give the best education Initead therefore of pursuing the thought of

'I am able: but, Sir, it is my misfortune to be Simonides, I shall observe, that as he has exposed

o married to a drone, who lives upon what I get, the vicious part of women from the doctrine of

(without bringing any thing into the common pro existence, some of the ancient philosophers

ftock. Now, Sir, as on the one hand I take have, in a manner, satirized the vicious part of

care not to behave myself towards him like a the human species in general, from a notion of

wasp, so likewise I would not have him look the soul's post-existence, if I may so call it; and that as Simonides describes brutes entering into

upon me as an humble-bee; for which reason

I do all I can to put him upon laying up prothe compofition of women, otliers have repre

o visions for a bad day, and frequently represent sented human souls as entering into brutes. This

to him the fatal effects his noth and negiigence is commonly termed the doctrine of transmigra- may bring upon us in our old age. I must beg tion, which supposes that human souls, upon that you will join with me in your good adtheir leaving the body, become the souls of

(vice upon this occasion, and you will for ever such kinds of brutes as they most resemble in their manners; or to give an account of it as

" Your humble servant, Mr. Dryden has described it in his translation of

« Meliffa.' Pythagoras his speech in the fifteenth book of Ovid, where that philosopher diffuades his hear

ISIR, Piccadilly, October 31, 1711. ers from eating fiesh :

AM joined in wedlock for my sins to one « Thus all things are but alter'd, nothing dies,

of those fillies who are described in the old « And here and there th' unbody'd spirit flies:

poet with that hard name you gave us the other “ By time, or force, or sickness difpoffefs’d,

• day. She has a filowing mane, and a skin as " And lodges where it lights, in bird or beast,

' fost as filk: but, Sir, she passes half her life at « Or hunts without till ready limbs it find,

• her glass, and almost ruins me in ribbons. For " And actuates thofe according to their kind :

my own part, I am a plain handicraft man, and « From tenement to tenement is toss'd :

• in danger of breaking by her laziness and ex" The foul is still the same, the figure only lost.

pensiveness. Pray, master, tell me in your next « Then let not piety be put to flight,

paper, whether I may not expect of her so “ To please the taste of glutton-appetite;

much drudgery as to take care of her family, " But suffer inmate fouls secure to dwell,

6 and to curry her hide in case of refusal. « Left from their feats your parents you expel ;

" Your loving friend, r. With rabid hunger feed upon your kind,

• Barnaby Brittle, " Or from a beast diflodge a brother's mind."

" Mr. Spe&tator,

Cheapside, October 30. Plato in the vision of Erus the Armenian,

AM mightily pleased with the humour of which I may possibly make the subject of a fu

the cat; be so kind as to enlarge upon that ture speculation, records fome beautiful transmi

subject. grations; as that the soul of Orpheus, who was

• Your's till death, musical, melancholy, and a woman-hater, en

Josiah Henpeck.' tered into a swan; the soul of Ajax, which was P.S. " You must know I am married to a all wrath and fierceness, into a lion; the foul Grimalkin.' of Agamemnon, that was rapacious and imperial, into an eagle; and the soul of Thersites,


Wapping, October 31, 1711. who was a minic and a buffoon, into a mon. T'VER since your Spectator of Tuesday last key.

4 came into our family, my husband is Mr. Congreve, in a prologue to one of his co pleased to call me his Oceana, because the fool. medies, has touched upon this doctrine with

• ish old poet that you have translated says, that great humour.

the fouls of some women are made of foa-wa". Thus Aristotle's foul of old that was,

(ter. This, it seems, has encouraged my sauce6. May now be damn'd to animate an ass;

6 box to be witty upon me.

When I am angry, « Or in this very house, for ought we know,

he cries pr’ythee my, dear be calm; when I 5. Is doing painful penance in some beau.

schide one of my servants, pr’ythee child do not I shall fill up this paper with some letters

" bluster. He had the impudence about an hour which my last Tuesday's speculation has pro

ago to tell me, that he was a fea-faring man, " and must expect to divide his life between stor


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