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do not you know my voice į look upon me 'onfet after this rupture has too great a place

when I speak to you: I say, madam, this fel in this rcfolution. Mrs. Freeman has a very • low here is to know of me myself, whether I pretty fifter; suppose I delivered him up, and

am at leisure to see company or not. I am articled with the mother for her bringing him < from this hour master of this house; and my home. If he has not courage to stand it, you « business in it, aud every where else, is to be are as great a casuist, is it such an ill thing to • have myself in such a manner, as it fall be ' bring myself off, as well as I can? What makes « hereafter an honour to you to bear my name; 'me doubt my man, is, that I find he thinks ' and your pride, that you are the delight, the it reasonable to expoftulate at least with her ; " darling and ornament of a man of honour, ' and Capt. Sentry will tell you, if you let your " useful and esteemed by his friends; and I no orders be disputed, you are no longer a com• longer one that has buried some merit in the 'mander. I wish you could advise me how to

orld, in compliance to a froward humour get clear of this business handsomely. which has grown upon an agreeable woman by

" Your's, « his indulgence. Mr. Freeman ended this with

« Tom Meggot.' a tenderness in his aspect and a down-cast eye, which thewed he was extremely moved at the

anguish he saw her in; for the sat swelling with

paflion, and her eyes fixed on the fire; when N° 2 217. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 8. • I, fearing he would lose all again, took upon ' me to provoke her out of that amiable forrow -Tunc fee mina fimplex ' mhe was in, to fall upon me; upon which I Et pariter toto repetitur clamor ab antro. • faid very reasonably for my friend, that indeed

Juv. Sat. 6. ver. 326. Mr. Freeman was become the common talk Then unrestrain’d by rules of decency, v of the town; and that nothing was so much Th’assembled females raise a general cry.

a jelt, as when it was said in company Mr. Upon which the good lady turned her

letters from my first • into downright rage, and threw the scalding of them is a description of a club, whether real

tea-kettle upon your humble servant ; fcw or imaginary, I cannot determine; but am apt ( into the middle of the room, and cried out the to-fancy, that the writer of it, whoever she is, has

was the unfortunatest of all women: others formed a kind of nocturnal orgie out of her own • kept family dissatisfactions for hours of privacy fancy: whether this be so or not, her letter • and retirement: no apology was to be made may conduce to the amendment of that kind of • to her, no expedient to be found, no previous persons who are represented in it, and whose cha

manner of breaking what was amifs in her; racters are frequent enough in the world. • but all the world was to be acquainted with 'her errors, without the least admonition, Mr.

"Mr. Spectator, • Freeman was going to make a softening speech, N some of your papers you were pleased to • but I interposed; look you, madam, I have • nothing to say to this matter, but you ought

' several clubs and nocturnal assemblies; but I ' to consider you are now past a chicken ; this am a member of a society which has wholly (humour, which was well encugh in a girl, is escaped your notice, I mean a club of She"jusufferable in one of your mcthcrly character. romps. We take each a hackney-coach, and ' With that the lost all patience, and ficw di ( meet once a week in a large upper chamber, rectly at her husband's periwig. I got her in

(which we hire by the year for that purpose ; my arms, and defended my friend: he making our landlord and his family, who are quiet

signs at the same time that it was too much; people, constantly contriving to be abroad on "I beckoning, nodding, and frowning over her our club-night. We are no sooner come to

'Thoulder, that he was loft if he did not perfift. gether, than we throw off all that modesty and . In this manner the fiew round and round the reservedness with which our sex are obliged

room in a moment, until the lady I spoke of to disguise themselves in public places. I am • above and servants entered; upon which the not able to express the pleasure we enjoy from • fell on a couch as breathiless. I still kept up ten at night until four in the morning, in be• my friend; but he, with a very silly air, bid ing as rude as you men can be for your lives. ! them bring the coach to the door, and we As our play runs high, the room is immediately

went off, I being forced to bid the coachman filled with broken fans, torn petticoats, lap( drive on.

We were no sooner come to my pets, or head-dresses, founces, furbelows, lodgings, but all his wife's relations came to garters, and working aprons. I had forgot 6 enquire after him; and Mrs. Freeman's mo. ' to tell you at first, that besides the coaches we «ther writ a note, wherein me thought never to come in ourselves, there is one which stands « have seen this day, and so forth.

always empty to carry of our dead men, for so In a word, Sir, I am afraid we are upon a we call all those fragments and tatters with * thing we have not talents for; and I can ob " which the room is strewed, and which we pack • serve already, my friend looks upon me rather up together in bundles and put into the afore,

as a man who knows a weakness of him that: (faid coach: it is no fmall diversion for us to She is ashamed of, than one who has rescued meet the next night at some member's cham• him from Navery. Mr. Spečiator, I am but a ber, where every one is to pick out what beyoung fellow, and if Mr. Freeman submits, I longed to her from this confused bundle of filks, Ihall be looked upon as an incendiary, and Itutts, laces, and ribbons. I have hitherto

never get a wife as long as I breathe. He has given you an account of our diversion on ora ' indeed rent word hone he shall lie at Hamp dinary club-nights; but must acquaint you ' {tead to-night; but I believe fear of the first ' further, that once a month we demolith a


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* prude, that is, we get some queer formal crea ' in all that medley of follies which our sex is * cure in among us, and unrig her in an instant. apt to contract from their filly fondness of • Our last month's prude was so arm’d and yours, I read your railleries on us without « fortified in whalebone and buckram, that we provocation. I can say with Hamlet, o had much ado to come at her; but you would "Man delights not me,

have died with laughing to have seen how the « Nor woman neither" * sober aukward thing looked when she was Therefore, dear Şir, as you never spare your i forced out of her intrenchments. In short, Sir, own sex, do not be afraid of reproving what is

it is impossible to give you a true notion of our r ridiculous in ours, and you will oblige at least .6 sport, unless you would come one nigkat a o one woman, who is 6 mongst us; and though it be directly against

" Your humble servant, • the rules of our society to admit a male visi

Susanna Frost.' • tant, we repose so much confidence in your si

"Mr. Speftator, • lence and taciturnity, that it was agreed by the Am wife to a clergyman, and cannot help ! whole club, at our last meeting, to give you ** entrance for one night as a spectator.

"racter of womankind you meant myself, there• I am your humble servant, 'fore I have no quarrel against you for the other • Kitty Termagant. nine characters.

* Your humble servant, P. S. We Thall demolith a prüde next Thurf- X

6 A. B.'



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Thongh I thank Kitty for her kind offer, I N° 218. FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 9. do not at present find in myself any inclination to venture my person with her and her romping Quid de quoque viro, la cui dicas, sape caveto. companions. I should regard myself as a second

Hor. Ep. 18. lib. 1. ver. 68. Clodius, intruding on the mysterious rites of

Have a care the Bona Dea, and mould apprehend being de- of whom you talk, to whom; and what, and molished as much as the prude.


Pooly. The following letter comes from a gentleman, whose taste I find is much too delicate to endure Happened the other day; as my way is, to the least advance towards romping. I may per

stroll into a little coffee house beyond Aldhaps hereafter improve upon the hint he has gate; and as I sat there, two or three very plain given me, and make it the subject of a whole sensible men were talking of the Speciator. One Spectator; in the mean time take it as it follows said, that he had that morning drawn the great in his own words.

benefit-ticket; another wined he had; but a

third inaked his head and said, it was pity that • Mr. Spectator,

the writer of that paper was such a sort of man, [T is my misfortune to be in love with a that it was no great matter whether he had it or * faults, which though they give me the utmost extravagant creature in the world; has run

uneasiness, I know not how to reprove her for, through valt sums, and yet been in continua! or even acquaint her with. She is pretty, want; a man, for all he talks so well of æconodreffes well, is rich, and good-humour'd; bụt my, unfit for any of the offices of life by reason

either wholly neglects, or has no notion of that of his profuseness. It would be an unhappy which polite people have agreed to distinguish thing to be his wife, his child, or his friend; " by the name of Delicacy. After aur return and yet he talks as well of those duties of life as

from a walk the other day, she threw herself any one. Much reflexion has brouglit me to lo

into an elbow-chair, and profesied before a caly a contempt for every thing which is falfe, large company, that “she was all over in a that this heavy accusation gave me no manter of ( sweat.” She told me this afternoon " that uneasiness; but at the same time it tiirew me into her stomach aked;" and was complaining to deep thought upon the subject of fame in ge* yesterday at dinner of something that « stuck neral; and I could not but pity such as were fo « in her teeth.” I treated her with a basket of weak, as to value what the common people say

fruit last summer, which she eat so very greedi- out of their own talkative temper to the advan** ly, as almost made me resolve never to see her tage or diminution of those whom they mention, * more.. In short, Sir, I begin to tremble when- without being moved citlier by malice or good. ( ever I see her about to speak or move, As she will. It will be too long to expatiate upon the

does not want sense, if she takes these hints I sense all mankind have of fame, and the inexa

am happy; if not, I am more than afraid, that pressible pleasure which there is in the approbas • these things which shock me even in the be- tion of worthy men, to all who are capable of

haviour of a mistress, will appear insupport worthy actions; but methinks one máy divide .able in that of a wife.

the general word fanie into three different species, "I am, Sir, your's, &c.' as it regards the different orders of mankind who

have any thing to do with it. Fame therefore My next letter comes from a correspondent may be divided into glory, which respects the whom I cannot but very much value upon the hero; reputation, which is preserved by every account which the gives of herself.

gentleman; and credit, which must be supported

by every tradesman. These possessions in fame Mr. Spectator,

are dearer than life to those characters of men, Am happily arrived at a state of tranquility, or rather are the life of these characiers.. Glory,

which few people envy, I mean that of an while the hero pursues great and noble entere ” old maid; therefore being wholly unconcerned prizes, is impregnable; and all the afrailarts cf



his renown do but thew their pain and impati. think, say more on this occasion, than to repeat, ence of its brightness, without throwing the that the merit of the merchant is above that of least made upon it. If the foundation of an high all other subje&s; for while he is untouched in name be virtue and service, all that is offered his credit, his hand-writing is a more portable against it is but rumour, which is too short-lived coin for the service of his fellow-citizens, and to stand up in competition with glory, which his word the gold of Ophir to the country whereis everlasting.

in he refidcs.

T Reputation, which is the portion of every man who would live with the elegant and knowing part of mankind, is as stable as glory, if it N° 219 SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 10. be as well founded; and the common cause of human society is thought concerned when we Vix ea nostra voce hear a man of good behaviour calumniated : be

Ovid. Met. lib. 13. ver, 141. sides which, according to a prevailing custom These I scarce call our own. amongst us, every man has his defence in his own arm: and reproach is foon checked, put HERE are but few men who are not ambi. out of countenance, and overtaken by disgrace. tious of diftinguishing themselves in the

The most unhappy of all men, and the most nation or country where they live, and of growexposed to the malignity and wantonness of the ing considerable among those with whom they common voice, is the trader. Credit is undone ronverse. There is a kind of grandeur and rein whispers. The tradesman's wound is received spect, which the meanest and most insignificant from one who is more private and more cruel part of mankind endeavour to procure in the litthan the ruffian with the lanthorn and dagger. tle circle of their friends and acquaintance. The The manner of repeating a man's name,—As; poorest mechanic, nay, the man who lives upon “ Mr. Cath, Oh! do you leave your money at common alms, gets him his set of admirers, and s his shop? Why, do you know Mr. Searoom? delights in that superiority which he enjoys over He is indeed a general merchant." I say, I those who are in some respects beneath him. have seen, from the iteration of a man's name, This ambition, which is natural to the soul of hiding one thought of him, and explaining what 'man, might methinks receive a very happy turn; you hide, by saying something to his advantage and, if it were rightly directed, contribute as when you speak, a merchant hurt in his credit; much to a person's advantage, as it generally does and him who every day he lived, literally added to his uneasiness and disquiet. to the value of his native country, undone by one I shall therefore put together some thoughts on who was only a burden and a blensish to it. this subject, which I have not met with in other Since every body who knows the world is ron- writers; and shall set them down as they have fible of this great evil, how careful ought a man occurred to me, without being at the pains to to be in his language of a merchant? It may por- connect or methodise them. fibly be in the power of a very Mallow creature All superiority and pre-eminence that one to lay the ruin of the best family in the most opu- man can have over another, may be reduced to lent city; and the more fo, the more highly he the notion of quality, which, considered at large, deserves of his country; that is to fay, the far- is either that of fortune, body, or mind. The ther he places his wealth out of his hands, to first is that which consists in birth, title, or draw home that of another climate.

riches; and is the most foreign to our natures, In this case an ill word may change plenty and what we can the least call our own of any of into want, and by a rath sentence a free and ge- the three kinds of quality. In relation to the nerous fortune may in a few days be reduced to body, quality arises from health, strength, or beggary. How little does a giddy prater imagine, beauty; which are nearer to us, and more a part that an idle phrase to the disfavour of a merchant of ourselves than the former. Quality, as it remay be as pernicious in the consequence, as the gards the mind, has its rise from knowledge or forgery of a deed to bar an inheritance would virtue; and is that which is more effential to us, to a gentleman ? Land stands where it did before and more intimately united with us than either a gentleman was calumniated, and the state of a of the other two. great action is just as it was before calumny was The quality of fortune, though a man has less offered to diminish it, there is time, place and reason to value himself upon it than on that of occasion, expected to unravel all that is con the body or mind, is however the kind of quatrived against those characters; but the trader lity which makes the most shining figure in the who is ready only for probable demands upon eye of the world. him, can have no armour against the inquisitive, As virtue is the most reasonable and genuine the malicious, and the envious, who are pre- source of honour, we generally find in titles an pared to fill the cry to his dishonour. Fire and intimation of some particular merit that hould Iword are slow engines of destruction, in com. recommend men to the high stations which they parison of the babbler in the case of the mere poffefs. Holiness is ascribed to the pope; machant.

jesty to kings; ferenity or mildness of temper to For this reason I thought it an imitable piece princes; excellence or perfection to ambassadors ; of humanity of a gentleman of my acquaintance, grace to archbishops ; honour to peers; worship who had great variety of affairs, and used to or venerable behaviour to magistrates; and revetalk with warmth enough againtt gentlemen by rence, which is of the same import as the former, whom he thought himself ill dealt with; but he to the inferior clergy. would never let any thing be urged against a In the founders of great families, such attri. merchant, with whom he had any difference, ex butes of honour are generally correspondent with cept in a court of justice. He used to say, that the virtues of the person to whom they are apto fpeak ill of a merchant, was to begin his suit plied; but in the descendents they are too often yyith judgment and execution. One cannot, I the marks rather of grandeur than of merit. The



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ftamp and denomination still continues, but the greas surprise which it will produce among those intrinfic value is frequently loft.

who are his superiors in this. " Then shall the The death-bed thews the emptiness of titles in righteous man stand in great boldness before a true light. A poor dispirited finner lies trem ' the face of such as have afflicted him, and bling under the apprehenfions of the state he is ' made no account of his labours. When they entering on; and is asked by a grave attendant ' see it, they fall be troubled with terrible fear, how his holiness does ? Another hears himself and shall be amazed at the strangeness of his addressed to under the title of highness or excel • salvation, so far beyond all that they looked lency, who lies under such mean circumstances for. And they repenting and groaning for anof mortality, as are the disgrace of human na guish of spirit, hall say within themselves; ture. Titles at such a time look rather like in " this was hewhom we had some time in derision, sults and mockery than respect.

' and a proverb of reproach. We fools accountThe truth of it is, honours are in this world red his life madness, and his end to be without under no regulation; true quality is neglected,

How is he numbered among the virtue is oppressed, and vice triumphant, The ( children of God, and his lot is among the last day will re&tify this disorder, and assign to saints !' every one a station suitable to the dignity of his If the reader would see the description of a character; ranks will be then adjusted, and pre- life that is passed away in vanity, and among cedency set right.

the Madows of pomp and greatness, he may fee Methinks we should have an ambition, if not it very finely drawn in the same place. In the to advance ourselves in another world, at least mean time, since it is necessary in the present to preserve our post in it, and outshine our in- conftitution of things, that order and diftin&ion feriors in virtue here, that they may not be put should be kept in the world, we should be happy, above us in a state which is to settle the distinc- if those who enjoy the upper stations in it, would tion for eternity.

endeavour to surpass others in virtue, as much Men in scripture are called “ strangers and so as in rank, and by their humanity and conde. « journers upon earth," and life a “pilgrimage." fcenfion make their superiority easy and accepte Several heathen, as well as christian authors, able to those who are beneath them; and if, on under the same kind of metaphor, have repre. the contrary, those who are in meaner posts of sented the world as an inn, which was only de- life, would consider how they may better their figned to furnish us with accommodations in condition hereafter, and by a juft deference and this our passage. It is therefore very absurd to submison to their superiors, make them happy think of setting up our reft before we come to in those bleffings with which Providence thought our journey's end, and not rather to take care of fit to distinguish them. the reception we hall there meet, than to fix our thoughts on the little conveniencies and advan. tages which we enjoy one above another in the No 220. MONDAY, Nov. 12.

Epictetus makes use of another kind of allu- Rumoresque ferit varios Virg. Æn. 13. V. 228. fon, which is very beautiful, and wonderfully A thousand rumours spreads. proper to incline us to be satisfied with the post in which providence has placed us. We are "SIR, here, says he, as in a theatre, where every one

HY will you apply to my father for my has a part allotted to him. The great duty which

love! I cannot help it if he will give lies upon a man is to act his part in perfection. you my person; but I assure you it is not in We may indeed say, that our part does not suit

• his power, nor even in my own, to give you us, and that we could ad another better. But

' my heart, Dear Sir, do but consider the ille this, says the philosopher, is not our business.

consequence of such a match; you are fifty. All that we are concerned in is to excel in the

five, I twenty-one. You are a man of buli. part which is given us. If it be an improper nels, and mightily conversant in arithmetiç one, the fault is not in us, but in him who has

• and making calculations; be pleased therefore cast our several parts, and is the great disposer of

to consider what proportion your spirits bear the drama. The part that was acted by this philosopher mate of the necessary decay on one side, and

' to mine, and when you have made a just efti. himself was but a very indifferent one, for he

• the redundance on the other, you will act aclived and died a Nave. His motive to content

cordingly. This perhaps is such language as ment in this particular, receives a very great en

you may not expect from a young lady; but' forcement from the above-mentioned confidera

my happiness is at stake, and I must talk plaintion, if we remember that our parts in the other

"ly. I mortally hate you; and so, as you and world will be new cast, and that mankind will be there ranged in different stations of superiori- me: but if you will be so good as never to see

' my father agree, you may take me or leave ty and pre-eminence, in proportion as they have here excelled one another in virtue, and perform

me more, you will for ever oblige,

"S IR, ed in their several posts of life the duties which

"Your most humble servant, belong to them. There are many beautiful paffages in the little

« HENRIETTAI apocryphal book, entitled, “ The Wisdom of

• Mr. Spectator, • Solomon," to set forth the vanity of honour, HER E are fo many artifices and modes and the like temporal blessings which are in fo of false wit, and such a variety of humour great repute among men, and to comfort those discovers itself among its votaries, that it who have not the poffefñon of them. It repre

would be impossible to exhaust fo fertile'a * fents in very warm and noble terms this advance. ' subject, if you would think fit to resume it. ment of a good man in the other warld, and the The following inftances may, if you think fit

NO 2


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• be added by way of appendix to your discourses ! ingham mentioned to a stupid pretender to on that subject.

poetry, as the project of a Dutch mechanic, ( That feat of poetical activity mentioned by viz. a mill to make verses. This being the " Horace, of an author who could compose two i most compendious method of all which have, • hundred verses while he stood upon one leg,, ' yet been proposed, may deserve the thoughts of « has been imitated, as I have heard, by a mo. • our modern virtuosi who are employed in new • dern writer; who priding himself on the hurry • discoveries for the public good: and it may be • of his invention, thought it no small addition ( worth the while to consider, whether in an is.

to his fame to have each piece minuted with, land where few are content without being & the exact number of hours or days it cost him • thought wits, it will not be a common benefit, ' in the composition. He could taste no praise that wit as well as labour Mould be made. 6 until he had acquainted you in how fhort space

cheap. • of time he had deserved it; and was not so

Sir, « much led to an oftentation of his art, as of his

Your humble servant, &c. • dispatch. -->Accipe, li vis,

" Mr. Spetator, Accipiam tabulas ; deur nobis locus, bora, Custodes : videamus uter plus fcribere poffit.

there are two young ladies, in themselves Hor. Sat. 4. lib. 1. ver. 14.

very agreeable, but very cold in their behaviour,

because they understand me for a person that is Here's pen and ink, and time, and place; let's " to break my mind, as the phrase is, very sud. try,

(denly to one of them. But I take this way to Who can write most, and fastest, you or I. acquaint them, that I am not in love with ei,


ther of them, in liopes they will use me with « This was the whole of his ambition; and

that agrecable freedom and indifference which therefore I cannot but think the flights of this

" they do all the rest of the world, and not to (rapid author very proper to be opposed to

drink to one another only, but sometimes cast a those laborious nothings which you have ob

• kind look, with their service to, ferved were the delight of the German wits,

SIR, and in which they so happily got rid of such a

" Your humble fervant." « tedious quantity of their time.

" Mr. Spectator, "I have known a gentleman of another turn

Am a young gentleman, and take it for a of humour, who, despising the name of an au

piece of good-breeding to pull off my hat thor, never printed his works, but contradicted · when I see any thing peculiarly charming in « his talent, and by the help of a very fine dia any woman, whether I know her or not. I 6 mond which he wore on his little finger, was take care that there is nothing ludicrous or

a confiderable poet upon glass. He had a very "arch in my manner, as if I were to betray a • good epigrammatic wit; and there was not a

I woman into a salutation by way of jell or hur $ parlour or tavern-window where he visited or

'mour; and except I am acquainted with her, dined for some years, which did not receive

"I find the ever takes it for a rule, that she is to « some sketches or memorials of it. It was his

look upon this civility and homage I pay to her • misfortune at last to lose his genius and his

I supposed merit, as an impertinence or forwardring to a sharper at play, and he has not at

' ness which she is to observe and neglect. I tempted to make a verse since.

I wish, Sir, you would settle the business of falu, • But of all contractions or expedients for • tation; and please to inform me how I Mall wit, I admire that of an ingenious projector resist the sudden impulse I have to be civil to whose book I have seen. This virtuofo being

( what gives an idea of merit; or tell these crea. 'a mathematician, has, according to his taste, tures how to behave themselves in return to the ! thrown the art of poetry into a short problem, esteem I have for them. My affairs are such,

and contrived tables by which any one with that your decision will be a favour to me, if it out knowing a word of grammar or sense, may, o be only to save the unnecessary expence of wearto his great comfort, be able to compose, or ra

ring out my hat so fast as I do at present, I am, rther to erect Latin verses. His tables are a

Sir, • kind of poetical logarithms, which being divided into several squares, and all inscribed

6 D. T.' with so many incoherent words, appear to the P.S. « 'There are some that do know me, and eye somewhat like a fortune-telling screen.

will not bow to me.'

T • What a joy must it be to the unlearned opera

tor to find that these words being carefully collected and writ down in order according to

the problem, start of themselves into hexameter. N° 221. TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 139 and pentameter verses? A friend of mine, who

-Ab Ovo . is a student in astrology, meeting with this

Usque ad mala

Hor. Sat. 3. 1. 1. v. 6. book, performed the operation, by the rules From eggs which firft are set upon the board, s there set down; he newed his verses to the To apples ripe, with which it last is ftor’d.

next of his acquaintance, who happened to • understand Latin ; and being informed they de HEN I have finished any of my fpecula. « fcribed a toinpeft of wind, very luckily pre

tions, it is my method to consider which & fixed them, together with a translation, to an of the ancient authors have touched upon the

almanac he was just then printing, and was subject that I treat of. By this means I meet * fupposed to have foretold the last great form. with fome celebrated thought upon it, or a thought

* I think the only improvement beyond this, of my own expressed in better words, or some fis would be that which the late duke of Buck militude for the illustration of my fubject. This


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