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character and quality of the gentleman who fent hands were wholly employed in trifles; that fo them; which I found to be as follows. Will much humanity thould be so little beneficial to Wimble is younger brother to a baronet, and de- others, and so much indufiry so little advanscended of the ancicnt family of the Wimbles. tageous to himself. The fame temper of mind He is now between forty and fifty; but being and application to affairs might have recombred to no business and born to no estate, he ge- mended him to the public esteem, and have raised nerally lives with his elder brother as superinten- his fortune in another station of life. What good dant of his game. He hunts a pack of dogs bet to his country or himself might not a trader or ter than any man in the country, and is very fa- merchant have done with fuch useful though ore mous for finding out a hare. He is extremely dinary qualifications ? well versed in all the little handicrafts of an idle Will Wimble's is the case of many a younger man: he makes a May-fly to a miracle; and fur- brother of a great family, who had rather see their nishes the whole country with angle-rods. As he children starve like gentlemen, than thrive in a is a good-natured officious fellow, and very much trade or profession that is beneath their quality. esteemed upon account of his family, he is a wel. This humour fills several parts of Europe with come guest at every house, and keeps up a good pride and beggary. It is the happiness of a tracorrespondence among all the gentlemen about ding nation, like ours, that the younger fons, him. He carries a tulip-root in his pocket from though incapable of any liberal art or profession, one to another, or exchanges a puppy between a may be placed in such a way of life, as may percouple of friends that live perhaps in the opposite haps enable them to vie with the best of their fasides of the county. Willis a particular favourite mily: accordingly we find several citizens that of all the young heirs, whom he frequently obli- were launched into the world with narrow for. ges with a net that he has weaved, or a setting- tunes, rising by an honest industry to greater dog that he has “ made” himself. He now and estates than those of their elder brothers. It is then presents a pair of garters of his own knitting not improbable but Will was formerly tried at di. to their mother's or fifters; and raises a great deal vinity, law, or phylic; and that finding his geof mirth among them, by enquiring as often as he nius did not lie that way, his parents gave him up meets them how they wear. These gentleman- at length to his own inventions. But certainly, like manufactures and obliging little humours however improper he might have been for studies make Will the darling of the country.
of a higher nature, he was perfectly well turned for Sir Roger was proceeding in the character of the occupations of trade and commerce. As I him, when we saw him make up to us with two or think this is a point which cannot be too much three hazle. twigs in his hand that he had cut in incuicated, I shall desire my reader to compare Sir Roger's woods, as he came through them, in what I have here written with what I have said in his way to the house. I was very much pleased my twenty-first speculation.
L to observe on one side the hearty and sincere welcone with which Sir Roger received him, and on No 109. THURSDAY, JULY 5. the other, the secret joy which his guest discovered at sight of the good old lanight. After the first Abnormis sapiens Hor, Sat, 2. 1. 2. V. 3. falutes were over, Will defired Sir Roger to lend Of plain good sense, untutor'd in the schools. him one of his servants to carry a set of shuttlecocks he had with him in a little box to a lady Was this morning walking in the gallery, when that lived about a mile off, to whom it seems he Sir Roger entered at the end opposite to me, had promised such a present for above this half and advancing towards me, said he was glad to year. Sir Roger's back was no sooner turned but meet me among his relations the de Coverley's, and honest Will began to tell me of a large cock-phea- hoped I liked the conversation of so much good sant that he had sprung in one of the neigiibour-company, who were as filent as myself. I knew ing woods, with two or three other adventures of he alluded to the pictures, and as he is a gentle. the same nature. Odd and uncommon characters man who does not a little value himself upon his are the game that I look for, and moít delight in; ancient descent, I expected he would give me for which reason I was as much pleased with the fome account of them. We were now arrived at povelty of the person that talked to me, as he could the upper-end of the gallery, when the knight be for his life with the springing of the pheasant, faced towards one of the pictures, and as we stood and therefore listened to him with more than or before it, he entered into the matter, after his dinary attention.
blunt way of saying things, as they occur to his In the midst of this discourse the bell rung to imagination, without regular introduction, or dinrer, where the gentleman I have been speaking care to preserve the appearance of chain of of liad the pleasure of seeing the luge jack he had thought. Caught, ferved up for the first dith in a moit sump “ It is, fiuid he, worth while to consider the tious manner. Upor our sitting down to it he “ force of dress; and how the persons of one age gave us a long account how he had licoked it, “ ditier from those of another, merely by that played with it, foiled it, and at length drew it out only. One may obferve also, that the general upon the bark, with several crher particularitics “ fathien of one age has been followed by one pare that lared all the first courte. A dith or wild fowl “ ticular set of people in another, and by them that canle afterwards furnithed conversation for “ prefcrved from one generation to another. Thus the rest of the dinner, which concluded with a " the vast jetting coat and i'mall bonnet, which late invention of Will's for improving the quails “ was the habit in Harry the seventh's time, is pipe.
“ kept on in the yeomen of the guard; not with- ; ipon wit drawirg into my rcoin after dinner, out a good and politic view, because they look Ira fecretly touched with compassion towards a foot-tailer, and a fost and an half broader; the lioncit pentleman that had dined with us; " berides, that the cap lcaves the face expandan i could il tbit confuler with a great deal of "ed, and consequently more terrible, and fitter co: corn, how to geod an heart and suc! busy to stand at the entrance of palaces.
“ This predecessor of ours, you see, is dressed " deed that passed away half his estate with his « after this manner, and his cheeks would be “ gloves on, but would not put on his hat beno larger than mine, were he in a hat as I “ fore a lady if it were to fave his country.
He was the last man that won a prize “ Hc is said to be the first that made love by « in the tilt-yard, which is now a common “ squeezing the hand. He left the estate with
street before Whitehall. You see the broken “ ten thousand pounds debt upon it, but how« lance that lies there by his right foot; he ever by all hands I have been informed that « fhivered that lance of his adversary all to “ he was every way the finest gentleman in the « pieces; and bearing himself, look you, Sir, “ world. That debt lay heavy on our house « in this manner, at the same time he came “ for one generation, but it was retrieved by a “ within the target of the gentleman who rode « gift from that honest man you see there, a “ against him, and taking him with incredible “ citizen of our name, but nothing at all akin « force before him in the pommel of his saddle, “ to us. I know Sir Andrew Freeport has said is he in that , manner rid the turnament over, “ behind my back, that this man was descended « with an air thạt Tewed he did it rather to « from one of the ten children of the maid of " perform the rule of the lists, than expose his « honour I Thewed you above; but it was never enemy; bowever, it appeared he knew how
" made out.
We winked at the thing indeed, " to make use of a victory, and with a gentle “ because money was wanting at that time.” “ trot he marched up to a gallery where their Here I saw my friend a little embarrassed, “ mistress sat, for they were rivals, and let him and turned my face to the next portraiture. “ down with laudable courtesy and pardonable Sir Roger went on with his account of the “ insolence, I do not know but it might be gallery in the following manner.
« This man,” • exactly where the coffee-house is now. pointing to him I looked at, “ I take to be the
« You are to know this my ancestor was not honour of our house, Sir Humphrey de Coverley ; only of a military genius, but fit also for the “ he was in his dealings as punctual as a trader
arts of peace, for he played on the bass-viol man, and as generous as a gentleman. He * as well as any gentleman at court; you see “ would have thought himself as much undone " where his viol hangs ly his basket-hilt sword. " by breaking his word, as if it were to be fol” The action at the tilt-yard you may be sure « lowed by bankruptcy. He served his country * won the fair lady, who was a maid of ho as khight of this shire to his dying day. He “ nour, and the greatest beauty of her time; “ found it no easy matter to maintain an inte “ here she stands the next picture. You see, “ grity in his words and actions, even in things « Sir, my great great great grandmother has on “ that regarded the offices which were incum" the new-fashioned petticoat, except that the “ bent upon him, in the care of his own affairs '“ modern is gathered at the waist; my grand- " and relations of life; and therefore dreaded,
« mother appears as if the stood in a large “ though he had great talents, to go into em** drum, whereas the ladies now walk as if they “ ployments of state, where he must be exposed « were in a go-cart. For all this lady was bred « to the snares of ambition. Innocence of life " at court, he became an excellent country “ and great ability were the distinguishing parts *« wife, she brought ten children, and when I “ of his character; the latter, he had often ob
Thew you the library, you Thall see in her own « served, had led to the destruction of the for" hand, allowing for the difference of the lan mer, and used frequently to lament that great *“ guage, the beit receipt now in England both « and good had not the same signification. He « for an hasty-pudding and a white-pot.
was an excellent husbandman, but had re. “ If you please to fall back a little, because it “ solved not to exceed such a degree of wealth; ~ is necessary to look at the three next pictures « all above it he bestowed in secret bounties « at one view; these are three fisters: She on many years after the sum he aimed at for his « the right hand, who is so very beautiful, died own use was attained. Yet he did not Nacken “ a maid; the next to her still handsomer, had “ his industry, but to a decent old age spent the “ the same fate, against her will; this homely “ life and rtune which was superfluous to “ thing in the middle had both their portions “ himself, in the service of his friends and “ added to her own, and was stolen by a neigh neighbours." fc bouring gentleman, a man of stratagem and Here we were called to dinner, and Sir Roger “ resolution, for he poisoned three mastiffs to ended the discourse of this gentleman, by telling « come at her, and knocked down two deere me, as we followed the servant, that this his “ stealers in carrying her off. Misfortunes hap- ancestor was a brave man, and narrowly escaped
pen in all families: the theft of this romp being killed in the civil wars; “ for, said he, " and so much money, was no great matter to
“ he was sent out of the field upon a private '« our estate. But the next heir that possessed “ message, the day before the battle of Wor
“ it was this soft gentleman, whom you see “ cefter.” The whiin of narrowly escaping by
No, « indolent person in the world, he would sign a
As I was walking in this folitude, where the N° 110. FRIDAY, JULY 6.
dusk of the evening conspired with so many
other occasions of terror, I observed a cow graHorror ubique animos, fimul ipja silentia terrent, zing not far from me, which an imagination
Virg. Æn. 2. v. 755. that was apt to startle might easily have con: All things are full of horror and affright,
strued into a black horse without an head; and And dreadful ev’n the filence of the night.
I dare say the poor footman lost his wits upon DRYDEN. some such trivial occasion.
My friend Sir Roger has often told me with a T a little distance from Sir Roger's house, good deal of mirth, that at his first coming to
among the ruins of an old abbey, there is his estaté he found three parts of his house alto. a long'walk of aged elms; which are shot up so gether useless; that the best room in it had the very high, that when one passes under them, the reputation of being haunted, and by that means rooks and crows that rest upon the tops of them was locked up; that noises had been heard in seem to be cawing in another region. I am very his long gallery, so that he could not get a será much delighted with this sort of noise, which vant to enter it after eight of the clock at night; I consider as a kind of natural prayer to that that the door of one of his chambers was nailed Being who suppiies the wants of his whole crea
up, because there went a story in the family that tion, and who, in the beautiful language of the a butler had formerly hanged himself in it; and Psalms, “ feedeth the young ravens that call that his mother, who lived to a great age, had
upon him.” I like this retirement the better, shut up half the rooms in the house, in which because of an ill report it lies under of being either her husoand, a son, or daughter
. liad died. haunted;
for which reason, as I have been told The knight seeing his habitation reduced to lo in the family, no living creature ever walks in it small a compass, and himself in a manner shut besides the chaplain. My good friend the butler out of his own house, upon the death of his desired me with a very grave face not to venture mother ordered all the apartments to be fung myself in it after sun-fet, for that one of the open, and exorcised by his chaplain, who lay in tootmen had been almost frighted out of his wits every room one after another, and by that means by a spirit that appeared to him in the hape of dislipated the fears which liad so long reigned à black horse without an head; to which he in the family. added, that about a month ago one of the maids I should not have been thus particular upon coming home late that way with a pail of milk these ridiculous horrors, did not I find them so upon her head, hcard such a rusling among the very much prevail in all parts of the country. burnes that she let it fall.
At the same time I think a person who is thus I was taking a walk in this place last night terrified with the imagination of ghosts and specbetvieen the hours of nine and ten, and could tres much more reasonable than one who, con. not lut fancy it one of the most proper scenes trary to the reports of all historians ' sacred and in the world for a ghost to appear in. The ru- profane, ancient and modern, and to the tradiins of the abbey are scattered up and down on tions of all nations, thinks the appearance of every side, and half covered with ivy and elder spirits fabulous and groundless. Could not ! busies, and the harbours of several solitary birds give myself up to this general testimony of man: which seldom make their appearance until the kind, i mould to the relations of particular perdusk of the evening. The place was formerly a fons who are now living, and whom I cannot church-yard, and has still several marks in it of distrust in other matters of fact. I might here graves and burying-places. There is such an add, that not only the historians, to whom we echo among the old ruins and vaults, that if you may join the poets, but likewise the philosophers tamp but a little louder than ordinary, you hear of antiquity have favoured this opinion. Luthe sound repeated. At the same time the walk cretius himself, though by the course of his phiof elms, with the croaking of the ravens which losophy he was obliged to maintain that the soul from time to time are heard from the tops of did not exist separate from the body, makes no thein, looks exceeding solemn and venerable. doubt of the reality of apparitions, and that men These objects naturally raise seriousness and at- have often appeared after their death. This ! tention ; and when night heightens the awful- think very remarkable; he was so pressed with ness of the place, and pours out her supernu- the matter of fact which he could noť have the merary horrors upon every thing in it, I do not confidence to deny, that he was forced to acat all wonder that weak minds fill it with spec- count for it by one of the most absurd unphilotres and apparitions.
sophical notions that ever was started. He tells i Mr. Locke, in his chapter of the association us, that the surfaces of all bodies are perpetually of ideas, has very curious remarks to thew how flying off from their respective bodies, one after by the prejudiee of education ore idea often in- another; and that these surfaces or thin cases troduces into the mind a whole set that bear no that included each other whilst they were joined resemblance to one another in the nature of in the body like the coats of an onion, are somea things. Among several examples of this kind times seen entire when they are separated from he produces the following instance. “ The ideas it; by which means we often behold the shapes % of goblins and sprites have really no more to and shadows of persons who are either dead or « do with darkness than ligiit: yet let but a absent. « foolish maid inculcate these often on the mind I shall dismiss this paper with a story out of
of a child, and raise them there together, pof- Josephus, not so much for the sake of the story “ fibly he shall never be able to separate them itself, as the moral reflections with which the " again so long as he lives; but darkness Thall author concludes it, and which I shall here fet “ ever afterwards bring with it those frightful down in his own words. « Glaphyra, the « ideas, and they shall be so joined, that he can “ daughter of king Archelaus, after the death no more bear the one than the other."
“ of her two first husbands,' being married to a
kí thi: 1,
“third, who was brother to her first husband, me to carry a great weight with it. How can ” and to passionately in love with lier that he it enter into the thoughts of man, that the soul, “ turned off his former wife to make room for, which is capable of such immense perfections, < this marriage, had a very odd kind of a dream, and of receiving new improvements to all eter* She faricied that the saw her first husband nity, snall fall away into nothing almost as soon
coming towards her, and that the embraced as it is created ? Are such abilities made for no
him with great tenderness; when in the midst purpose? A brute arrives at a point of perfec“ of the pleasure which the expressed at the light tion that he can never pass; in a few years he
of him, he reproached her after the following has all the endowments he is capable of; and sc
manner : Glaplyra, fays he, thou hast made were he to live ten thousand more, would be the “good the old saying, that women are not to fame thing that he is at present. Were a human ♡ be trusted. Was not I the husband of thy soul thus at a stand in her accomplishments,
virginity ? Have I not children by thee? How were her faculties to be full blown, and incapa“couldst thou forget our loves so far as to enter ble of farther enlargements, I could imagine it
into a second marriage, and after that into a might fall away insensibly, and drop at once into < third, nay to take for thy husband a man who a state of annihilation. But can we believe a « has fo shamefully crept into the bed of his thinking being that is in a perpetual progress of < brother ? However, for the sake of our passed improvements, and travelling on from perfection
loves; I shall free thee from thy present re to perfection, after having just looked abroad proach, and make thee mine for ever. Gla. into the works of his Creator, and made a few
phyra told this dream to several women of her discoveries of his infinite goodness, wisdom and co
acquaintance, and died soon after. I thought power, must perish at her first setting out, and ► this story might not be impertinent in this in the very beginning of her inquiries ?
place, wherein I speak of those kings : besides A man, considered in his present state, seems ¢ that the example deserves to be taken notice only sent into the world to propagate his kind. 6c of, as it contains a most certain proof of the He provides himself with a fucceffor, and imme. “ immortality of the foul, and of Divine Provi- diately quits his post to make room for him. " dence. If any man thinks these facts incredi.
Hæres “ ble, let him enjoy his own opinion to himself, Hæredem alterius, velut unda supervenit undan. “ but let him not endeavour to disturb the belief
Hor. Ep. 2. 1. 2. v. 175. of others, who by instances of this nature are
Heir crowds heir, as in a rolling food excited to the study of vi.tue.”
He does not seem born to enjoy life, but to deli. N° ui. SATURDAY, JULY 7.
ver it down to others. This is not surprizing to
consider in animals, which are formed for our use, -Inter silvas Academi quærere verum.
and can finish their business in a short life. The Hor. Ep. 2. 1. 2. V 45
silk worm, after having spun her task, lays her To leareh for truth in Academic groves.
eggs and dies. But a man can never have taken
in his full measure of knowledge, has not time to HE course of my last speculation led me subdue his passions, establish his soul in virtue, ways meditate with great delight, I mean the fore he is hurried off the stage. Would an infiimmortality of the soul. I was yesterday walk- nitely wise Being make such glorious creatures for alone in one of my friend's woods, and lost my. fo mean a purpose? Can he delight in the produce self in it very agreeably, as I was running over tion of such abortive intelligences, such short lived in my mind the several arguments that establish reasonable beings ? Would he give us talents that this great point, which is the bafis of morality, are not to be exerted ? Capacities that are never and the source of all the pleasing hopes and se- to be gratified? How can we find that wisdom cret joys thät can arise in the heart of a rea n- which shines through all his works, in the forma. able creature. I considered those several proofs, tion of man, without looking on this world as drawn;
only a nursery for the next, and believing that the First, From the nature of the soul itself, and several generations of rational creatures, which particularly its immateriality; which though rise up and disappear in such quiek successions, are not absolutely necessary to the eternity of its dū. only to receive their first rudiments of existence ration, has, I think, been evinced to almost a here, and afterwards to be transplanted into a demonstration:
more friendly climate, where they may spread and Secondly, From its pasions and sentiments, flourish to all eternity? as particularly from its love of existence, įts hor There is not, in my opinion, a more pleasing tor of annihilation, and its hopes of immortality, and triumphant consideration in religion than this with that secret satisfaction which it finds in the of the perpetual progress which the soul makes practice of virtue, and that uneasiness which fol- towards the perfection of its nature, without ever lows in it upon tlie commission of vice.
arriving at a period in it. To look upon the soul Thirdly, From the nature of the supreme Be as going on from strength to strength : to consider ing, whole justice, goodness, wisdom and veracity that she is to shine ior ever with new accessions of are all concerned in this point.
glory, and brighten to all eternity; that she will But among these and other excellent argu- be still adding virtue to virtue, and knowledge to for the immortality of the soul, there is one knowiedge; carries in it something wonderfully drawn from the perpetual progress of the soul to agreeable to that ambition which is natural to the its perfection without a poisibility of ever ar mind of man. Nay, it must be a prospect plea. riving at it; which is a hint I do not remember fing to God himself, to see his creation for ever to have seen opened and improved by others who beautifying in his eyes, and drawing nearer to him, have writton on this subjex, though it seems to by greater degrees.of resemblance.
Methinks this single consideration, of the pro- country for that purpose, to instruct them right: gress of a finite fpirit to perfection, will be suffi. ły in the tunes of the psalms; upon which they cient to extinguish all envy in inferior natures, now very much value themfelves; and indeed and all contempt in fuperior. That cherubim, out-do most of the country churches that I have which now appears as a god to a human soul, ever heard. knows very well that the period will come about As Sir Roger is landlord to the whole congrein eternity, when the human soul shall be as per- gation, he keeps them in very good order, and sect as he himself now is : nay, when she shall look will fuffer nobody to seep in it besides himself; down upon that degree of perfection, as much as for if by chance he has been surprized into a The now falls thort of it. It is true the higher na- short nap at sermon, upon recovering out of it he ture still advances, and by that means preserves ftands up and looks about him, and if he sees any his distance and superiority in the scale of being; body else nodding, either wakes them himself, or but he knows that, how high soever the station is sends his servant to them. Several other of the of which he stands poffeffed at present, the inferior old knight's particularities break out upon these nature will at length mount up to it, and fine occafions : Sometimes he will be lengthening out forth in the same degree of glory.
a verse in the singing-psalms, half a minute after With what astonishment and veneration may the rest of the congregation have done with it'; we look into our own souls, where there are such sometimes, when he is pleased with the matter hidden stores of virtue and knowledge, such inex. of his devotion, he pronounces “ Amen” three hausted fources of perfection? We know not yet or four times to the same prayer; and sometimes what we Malt be, nor will it ever enter into the stands up when every body else is upon their heart of man to conceive the glory that will be al. knees, to count the congregation, or see if any of ways in reserve for him. The soul, considered his tenants are miffing. with its Creator, is like one of those mathemati. I was yesterday very much surprized to hear cal lines that may draw nearer to another for all my old friend, in the midst of the fervice, calleternity without a poffibility of touching it and ing out to one John Matthews to mind what he can there be a thought so transporting, as to confi- was about, and not disturb the congregation, der ourselves in these perpetual approaches to Him, This John Matthews it seems is remarkable for who is not only the standard of perfection but of being an idle fellow, and at that time was kickhappiness!
îing his heels for his diversion. This authority
of the knight, though exerted in that odd man
ner which acconipanies him in all circumstances No 112. MONDAY, JULY 9.
of life, has a very good effect upon the parish, who are not polite enough to see any thing ridi
culous in his behaviour; besides that the general 'Αθανάτες μεν σώτα Θείς, νόμω ως διάκείθαι, good sense and worthiness of his character makes Toua
PYTHAG. his friends observe these little fingularities as First, in obedience to thy country's rites,
foils that rather set off than blemish his good Worthip th’immortal Gods.
As soon as the sermon is finished, nobody preAM always very well pleased with a country sumes to stir until Sir Roger is gone out of the
Sunday, and think, if kecping holy the seventh '-church. The knight walks down from his seat day were only a human institution, it would be in the chancel between a double row of his tethe he’t method that could have been thought of nants, that stand bowing to him on each side: for the polishing and civilizing of mankind. It is and every now and then inquires how such an certain the country people would soon degenerate one's wife, or mother, or son, or father do, whom into a kind of savages and barbarians, were there he does not see at church; which is understocdi not such frequent returns of a 1tated time, in which as a secret reprimand to the person that is ábthe whole village meet together with their best sent. faces, and in their cleanlieft habits, to converse The chaplain has often told me, that upon'a with one another upon indifferent subjects, hear catechising-day, when Sir Roger has been pleased their duties explained to them, and join together with a boy that answers well, he has orderedia in adoration of the supreme Being. Sunday clears 'bible to be given him the next day for his en. away the rust of the whole weck, not only as it couragement; and sometimes accompanies it refreshes in their minds the notions of religion, with a fitch of bacon to his mother. Sir Roger but as it puts both the sexes upon appearing in has likewise added five pounds a year to the their most agreeable forms, and exerting all such clerk's place; and that he may encourage the qualities as are apt to give them a figure in the young fellows to make themselves perfect in the eye of the village. A country fellow distinguishes church-service, has promised upon the death of himself as much in the church-yard, as a citizen the present incumbent, who is very old, to bedoes upon the 'Change, the whole parish-politics stow it according to merit. being generally discuired in that place either after sermon or before the bell rings.
The fair understanding between Sir Roger and
his chaplain, and their mutual concurrence in My friend Sir Roger, being a good church-man, doing good, is the more remarkable, because the has beautified the infide of his church with several very next village is famous for the differences texts of his own chooting; he has likewise given and contentions that rise between the parson and a liandsome pulpit.cloth, and railed in the com- the-'squire, who live in a perpetual state of war. munion-table at his own) expence. He has often The parson is always preaching at the 'fquire, told me, that at his coming to lis estate he found and the 'squire, to be revenged on the parson, his parishioners very irregular; and that in order never comes to church. The squire has made to make them kneel and join in the responses, he all his tenants atheists and tithe-itealers ;, while give every one of tliem a hassoc and a common the parfon instructs them every Sunday in the prayer book; and at the same time employed an dignity of his crder, and irguvates to them in itinerari linging-master, who goes about the adroit every lermon, that he is a better man than