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with you, yet

are most religiously careful of keeping to the man who said he saw Mr, such a one go this truth in every particular circumstance of a nar- morning at nine of the clock towards the Grastation, whether it concern the main end or not. vel-pits, Sir, I must bee your pardon for that, A gentleman whom I had the honour to be in for though I am very loth to have any dispute company with the other day, upon some occa

must take the liberty to tell lion that he was pleased to take, said, he remem you it was nine when I saw him at St. Jaines's. ·bered a very pretty repartee. made by a very witty When men of this genius are pretty far gone in man in King Charles's time upon the like occa- learning they will put you to prove that Inow is fion. I remember, faid he, upon entering into the white, and when you are upon that topic can tale, much about the time of Oates's plot, that a say that there is really no such thing as colour cousin-german of mine and I were at the Bear in nature; in a word, they can turn what little in Holborn: "No, I am out, it was at the Cross- knowledge they have into a ready capacity of Keys; but Jack Thomson was there, for he was raising doubts; into a capacity of being always very great with the gentleman who made the frivolous and always unanswerable. It was of answer. But I am sure it was spoken some two disputants of this impertinent and laborious swhere thereabouts, for we drank a bottle in that kind that the cynic faid, “ One of these fellows neighbourhood every evening ; but no matter “ is milking a ram, and the other fields the for all that, the thing is the same; but

pail."
He was going on to settle the geography of

6 ADVERTISEMENT.
the jest when I left the room, wondering at this
-odd turn of head which can play away its words,

*« The exercise of the snuff-box, according to with uttering nothing to the purpose, itill ob as the most fashionable airs and motions, in opserving its own impertinencies, and yet proceed. “ position to the exercise of the fan, will be ing in then. I do not question but he informed “ taught with the best plain or perfumed snuff, the rest of his audience, who had more patience at Charles Lillie's, perfumer, at the corner of than I,.of.the birth and parentage, as well as the "Beaufort-Buildings in the Strand, and attend. collateral alliances of his family, who made the ance given for the benefit of the young merrepartee, and of him who provoked him to it. .6 chants about the Exchange for two hours

It is no finall misfortune to any who have a every day at noon, except Saturdays, at a just value for their time, when this quality of “ toy-shop near Garraway's coffee-house. There being so very circumstantial, and careful to be “ will be likewise taught the ceremony of the exact, happens to sew itself in a man whose " snuff-box, or rules for offering snuff to a quality obliges them to attend his proofs, that “ ftranger, a friend, or a mistress, according to it is now day, and the like. But this is aug 166 the degrees of familiarity or distance; with mented when the same genius gets into autho. an explanation of the careless, the scornful, sity, as it often does. Nay, I have known it “ the politic, and the surly pinch, and the gefmore than once ascend the very pulpit. One of 16 tures proper to each of them. this sort taking it in his head to be a great admirer of Dr. Tillotson and Dr. Beveridge, never

“ N. B. The undertaker does not question failed of proving out of these great authors things

66 but in a short time to have formed a body of which no man living would have denied him “ regular snuff-boxes ready to meet and make .upon his own single authority. One day re head against all the regiment of fans which folving to come to the point in hand, he said, have been lately disciplined, and are now in according to that excellent divine, I will enter

“ motion.”

T upon the matter, or in his words, in his fif.teenth sermon of the folio edition, page 16o.

THURSDAY, August 9. I shall briefly explain the words, and then 56 conuider the matter contained in them.” Vera gloria radices agit, atque etiam propagatur:

fiera omnia celeriter, tanquam flofculi, decidunt, nec This honest gentieman necded not, one would Jimulatım poteft quidquam eje diuturnum. think, ftrain his modesty so far as to alter his

TULL. design of “ entering upon the matter,” to that of “ briefly explaining.” But so it was, that True glory takes root, and even spreads: all falso -he would not even be contented with that aia

pretences, bike flowers, fall to the ground; thority, but added also the other divine to

nor can any counterfeit last long. strengthen his method, and told us, with the F all the affections which attend human pious and learned Dr. Beveridge, page 4th of the ninth volume, “ I mail endeavour to make According as this is cultivated in princes, it pro" it as plain as I can from the words which I dụces the greatest good or the greatest evil. " have now read, wherein for that purpose we Where sovereigns have it by impremons received « shall consider .” This wiseacre was reck- from education only, it creates an ambitious oned by the parish, who did not understand rather than a noble mind; where it is the naturai him, a most excellent preacher ; but that he bent of the prince's inclination, it prompts him ,read too much, and was so humble that he did to the pursuit of things truly glorious. The two not truft enough to his own parts.

greatest men now in Europe, according to the Next to these ingenious gentlemen, who arque common acceptation of the word great, are Lewis for what nobody can deny them, are to be rank- King of France, and Peter Emperor of Russia. ed a sort of people who do not indeed attempt As it is.certain that all fame does not arise from to prove insignificant things, but are ever la the practice of virtue, it is, methinks, no unbouring to raise arguments with you about mat- pleasing amusement, to examine the glory of ters you will give up to them without the least these potentates, and distinguish that which is controversy. One of these people told a gentle. empty, perilling, and frivolous, from what is

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solid, lasting, and important. Lewis of France emperor is also literally under his own command. lad his infancy attended by crafty and worldly How generous and how good was his entering men, who made extent of territory the most glo- his own name as a private man in the army he rious instance of power, and mistook the spread raised, that none in it might expect to out-run ing of fanie for the acquisition of honour. The the steps with which he himself advanced ? By young monarch's heart was by such conversa- such measures this godlike prince learned to tion easily deluded into a fondness for vain-glory, conquer, learned to use his conquefts. How and upon these unjust principles to form or fall terrible has he appeared in battle, how gentle in' in with suitable projcets of invasion, rapine, victory? Shall then the base arts of the Frenchmurder, and all the guilts that attend war when man be held polite, and the honest labours of it is unjust. At the same time this tyranny was the Russian barbarous ? No : barbarity is the laid, sciences and arts were encouraged in the ignorance of true honour, or placing any thing molt generous manner, as if men of higher fa- instead of it. The unjust prince is ignoble and culties were to be bribed to perunit the massacre barbarous, the good prince only renowned and of the rest of the world. Every superstructure glorious. which the court of France built upon their first Though men may impose upon themselves designs, which were in themselves vicious, was what they please by their corrupt imaginations, suitable to its false foundation. The oftentation truth will ever keep its station, and as glory is of riches, the vanity of equipage, shame of po- nothing else but the shadow of virtue, it will verty, and ignorance of modesty, were the come certainly disappear at the departure of virtue. mon arts of life; the generous love of one wo But how carefully ought the true notions of iç man was changed into gallantry for all the fex, to be preserved, and how industrious should we and friendships among men turned into com be to encourage any impulses towards it? The merces of interest, or mere profesiions. “While Westminster school-boy that said the other day “ these were the rules of life, perjuries in the ho could not sleep or play for the colours in the

prince, and a general corruption of manners, hall, ought to be free from receiving a blow for

in the subject, were the snares in which France “ has entangled all her neighbours." With such But let us consider what is truly glorious acs false colours have the eyes of Lewis been en- cording to the author I have to-day quoted in the chanted, from the debauchery of his early youth, front of my paper. to the superstition of his present old age. Hence The perfection of glory, says Tully, consists it is, that he has the patience to have statues in these three particulars: " That the people erected to his prowess, his valour, his fortitude; “ love us; that they have confidence in us; and in the softnesses and luxury of a court to " that being affected with a certain admiration be applauded for magnanimity and enterprise in “ towards us, they think we deserve honour.". military atchivements.

This was spoken of greatness in a commonPeter Alexowitz of Rullia, when he came to wealth; but if one were to form a notion of conyears of manhood, though he found himselfemper summate glory under our constitution, one must oř of a yait and numerous people, matter of an add to the above-mentioned felicities a certain endless territory, absolute commander of the necessary inexistence, and difrelish of all the lives and fortunes of his subjects, in the midst rei, without the prince's favour. He should, of this unbounded power and greatness turned methinks, have riches, power, honour, comhis thoughts upon himself and people with for- mand, glory; but riches, power, honour, com

Sordid ignorance and a brute manner of mand and glory should have no charms, but as life this generous prince beheld and contemned accompanied with the atiection of his prince. from the light of his own genius. His judg- He should, methinks, be popular because a fament suggested this to him, and his courage vourite, and a favourite because popular. Were prompted him to amend it, In order to this he it not to make the character too imaginary, I did not send to the nation from whence the rest would give him sovereignty over fome foreign of the world has borrowed its politeness, but territory, and make him esteem that an empty himself Icft his diadem to learn the true way to addition without the kind regards of his own glory and honour, and application to useful arts, prince. One may merely have an idea of a man wherein to employ the laborious, the simple, thus composed and circumstantiated, and if he the honest part of his people. Mechanic em were so made for power without an incapacity of ployments and operations were very justly the giving jealousy, he would be also glorious withhift objects of his favour and observation. With out poffibility of receiving disgrace. This humithis glorious intention he travelled into foreign lity and this importance must make his glory nations in an obscure manner, above receiving inmortal. little honours where he sojourned, but prying These thoughts are apt to draw me beyond into what was of more consequence, their arts the usual length of this paper, but if I could of peace and of war. By this means has this suppose such rhapsodies could outlive the comgreat prince laid the foundation of a great and mon fate of ordinary things, I would say these lafting faine, by personal labour, personal know- sketches and faint images of glory were drawn ledge, personal vaļour. It would be injury to in August 1711, when John Duke of Marlany of antiquity to name them with him. Whó, borougħ made that memorable march wherein but himself, ever left a throne to learn to út in he took the French lines without bloodthed. it with more grace? Who ever thought himself

7 mean in absolute power, until he had learned to use it?

If we consider this wonderful person, it is per. plexity to know where to begin his encomium. Others may in a metaphorical or philosophic sense be said to command themselves, but this

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means a quaint antithesis may be brought No. 140. FRIDAY, AUGUST 10, ' about, how one word may be made to look

two ways, and what will be the consequence Animum nunc buc celerem, nunc dividit illuc.

of a forced allusion. Now, though such auVirg. Æn. 4. v. 283. thor's appear to me to resemble those who This way and that he turns his anxious mind. make themselves fine, instead of being well

DRYDEN.

Idretled, or graceful; yet the mischief is, that

these beauties in them, which I call blemishes, HEN I acquaint my reader, that I have

are thought to proceed from luxuriance of fanmany other letters not yet acknowledg, cy, and overflowing of good sense: in one ed, I believe he will own, what I have a mind

6 word, they have the character of being too he should believe, that I have no small charge

witty: but if you would acquaint the world upon me, but am a person of some consequence they are not witty at all, you would, among in this world. I shall therefore employ the pre- ". many others, oblige, sent hour only in reading petitions, in the order

Sir, as follows.

Your most benevolent reader, R. D.' (Mr. Spectator,

ISIR,

Am a young woman, and reckoned pretty, fire, upon the receipt hereof, you would " therefore you will pardon me that I trouble « fit down immediately and give me your an you to decide a wager between me and a cousin ?swer. And I would know of you whether a of mine, who is always contradicting one bepretender of mine really loves me. As well

( cause he understands Latin. Pray, Sir, is & as I can I will describe his manners, When Dimple spelt with a single or a double pi " he sees me he is always talking of constancy,

• I am, Sir, " but vouchsafes to vifit me but once a fortnight,

• Your very humble servant, ! and then is always in haste to be gone. When

Petty Santer. ! I am fick, I hear, he says he is mightily concerned, but neither comes nor sends, because,

• Pray, Sir, direct thus, To the Kind Querift,

< and leave it at Mr. Lillie's, for I do not care as he tells his acquaintance with a sigh, he • does not care to let me know all the power I

to be known in the thing at all, I am, Sir, ? have over him, and how impoffible it is for

again your humble servant.' him to live without me. When he leaves the

Mr. Spectator, ! town he writes once in six weeks, desires to

Must needs tell you there are feveral of ? hear from me, complains of the torment of absence, speaks of flames, tortures, languish

often so nice there is no enduring you, and ing and ecstasies. He has the cant of an im

so learned there is no understanding you. What patient lover, but keeps the pace of a luke

. have you to do with our petticoats ? You know I must not go faster

“ Your humble servant, ? than he does, and to move at this rate is as ç tedious as counting a great clock.

Parthenope.' are to know he is rich, and my mother says

Mr. Spectator, as he is now he is sure; he will love me long, ASŤ night as I was walking in the park, ! if he love me little: but I appeal to you whe

I met a couple of friends; pr’ythee Jack, ether he loves at all.

says one of them, let us go drink a glass of • Your neglected humble servant,

wine, for I am fit for nothing else. This put

( me upon reflecting on the many miscarriages Lydia Novell.

(which happen in conversation over wine, when ( All these fellows who have money are ex

< men go to the bottle to remove such humours

as it only stirs up and awakens. This I could • tremely faucy and cold; pray, Sir, tell them

'" not attribute more to any thing than to the o of it.'

-, humour of putting company upon others ? Mr. Spectator,

" which men do not like themselves. Pray, Sir, Have been delighted with nothing more • declare in your papers, that he who is a trou. through the whole course of your writings

blesome companion to himself, will not be an thaa the substantial account you lately gave of

agreeable one to others. Let people reason

themselves into good-humour, before they imswit, and I could wish you would take some « other opportunity to express further the corrupt

pose themselves upon their friends. Pray, Sir, • taste the age is run into; which I am chiefly

• be as eloquent as you can upon this subject,

cand do human life so much good, as to argue ' apt to attribute to the prevalency of a few po.' "pular authors, whose merit in some respects

powerfully, that it is not every one that can • has given a sanction to their faults in others.

• swallow who is fit to drink a glass of wine. Thus the imitators of Milton seem to place all

« Your most humble servant.'. " the excellency of that sort of writing either in the uncouthor antique words, or something

SIR, ! else which was highly vicious, though pardon

This morning cast my eye upon your pa. şable, in thai great man, The admirers of

per concerning the expence of time. You ! what we call point, or turn, look upon it as are very obliging to the women, especially ! the pasticular happiness to which Cowley,

" those who are not young and past gallantry, Ovid, and others, owe their reputation, and by touching fo gently upon gaming: therefore

therefore irnitate them only in such instances; I hope you do not think it wrong to employ ( what is just, proper and natural does not seem a little leisure time in that diversion; but ? to be the question with them, but by what ! thould be glad to hear you say something

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opon the behaviour of some of the female gainesters.

No 141, SATURDAY, AUGUST 11. . I have observed ladies, who in all other refpects are gentle, good: homoured, and the very -Migravit ab aure voluptas pinks of good-breeding; who as soon as the Omnis

Hor. Ep. 1. 1. 2. v. 187. ombre-table is called for, and fet down to their Pleasure no more arises from the ear. bafiness, are immediately transmigrated into the seriest wafps in nature.

N the present emptiness of the town, I have * You must know I keep my temper, and win several applications from the lower parts of their money; but am out of countenance to the players, to admit fuffering to pass for acting. cake it, it makes thein fo very uneasy. Be They in very obliging terms defire me to let à

pleased, dear Sir, to inkruct them to lose with fall on the ground, a fumble, or a good flap on is a better grace, and you will oblige

the back, be reckoned a jest. These gambols * Yours, Rachel Pafto.' I shall tolerate for a season, because I hope the

evil cannot continue longer than until the peo* Mr. Spektatorin

ple of condition and taste return to town.

The OUR kindness to Eleonora, in one of inethod, fome time ago, was to entertain that

your papers, has given me encourage- part of the audience, who have no faculty above & ment to do myself the honour of writing to eye-sight, with rope-dancers and tumblers; you. The great regard you have fo often ex

which was a way discreet enough, because it prcfied for the wiforuction and improvement of prevented confusion, and distinguished fuch as * Our sex, will, I hope, in your own opinion, could shew all the postures which the body is

fatniciently excufe me from making any apo- capable of, from those who were to represent logy for the impertinence of this letter. The all the passions to which the mind is subject.

great defire I have to embellish my mind with But though this was prudently fettled, corporeal i Come of thofe graces which you say are fo be- and intellectual actors ought to be kept at a

coming, and which you alfert reading helps us 1till wider distance than to appear on the fame

to, has made me uneasy until I am put in a ca- stage at all: for which reason I must propose € pacity of attaining them: this, Sir, I shall never fome methods for the improvement of the bear*think myfelf in, until you shall be pleafed to garden, by dismissing all bodily actors to that

recommend fome author or authors to my pe- quarter. rutal.

In cases of greater moment, where men ap* I thought indeed, when I first cast my eye pear in public, the consequence and importance an Eleonora's letter, that I should have had no of the thing can bear them out.

And though * oaasion for regueiting it of you; but to my, a pleader or preacher is hoarfe or aukward, the « very great concern, I found on the perual of weight of the matter commands respect and at

gkat Spectator, I was entirely disappointed, tention; but in the theatrical speaking, if the * and an as muci at a loss how to make use of performer is not exactly proper and graceful, he

Diy ting for that çad as ever. Pray, Sir, oblige is utterly ridiculous. In cases where there is me at leait with one fcene, as you were pleased little elfé expected, but the pleasure of the ears

to estekain Eleonora with your prologue. I and eyes, the leaft dimination of that pleafure * write to you not only my own sentiments, but is the highest offence. In acting, barely to per

also those of several others of my acquaintance, form the part is commendable, but to be the whe are as little pleased with the ordinary man- teaft out is contemptible. To avoid these diff

ner of <pending one's time as myself: and if a culties and delicacies, I am informed, that . & fervent defire arter knowledge, and a great while I was out of town, the actors have flown

fense of our present ignorance, may be thought in the air, and played such pranks, and run a good prerage and earnest of improvement, such hazards, that none but the servants of the

you may look upon your time you thall bestcw fre-office, tilers and marons, could have been * in antwering this request not thrown away to able to perform the like. The author of the * 310 purpose. And I cannot but add, that un- following letter, seems, has been of the audi. « less you have a particular and more than ordi. ence at one of these entertainments, and has

nary regard for Eleonora, I have a better title accordingly complained to me upon it; but I • to your favour than the; fmce I do do not con- think he has been to the utmost degree fevere • tent my felf with tea-table reading of your pa- against what is excepticnable in the play he

pers, but it is my entertainment very often mentions, without çlwelling so much as he might « whes alone in my clofet. To shew you I am have done on the autlicr's mon excellent talent e capable of improvement, and late flattery, of humour, l'he pleziant pictures he has drawn * I acknowledge I do not like fome of your pa- of life, fhould have been inore kindly mentioned,

pers, but even there I am readier to call in at the same time that he banithes his witches, • question my own hallow undertanding than who are too dull devils to be attacked with for • Mr. Spečiator's profound judgment.

much warmth.
I am, Sir, your already, and in hopes of
• being more your, obliged servant, Mr. Spectator,

Parthenia.' (PON a report that Moll White had fol.

lowed you to town, and was to act a This last letter is written with so urgent and part in the Lancathire-witches, I went laft Tuious an air, that I cannot but think it incom. <week to see that play. It was my fortune to bint upon me to comply with her commands, fir next to a country justice of the peace, a which I ihall do very suudenly.

I neighbour, as he said, of Sir Roger's, who

« pretended to sew her to us in one of the . dances. There was witchcraft enough in the

entertainment almost.to incline me to believe

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him; Ben Johnson was almost lamed; young pressed it with a delicacy, which shews she is Ballock narrowly saved his neck; the audience not serious in her excuse, but in a sort of lave was astonihed, and an old acquaintance of morous philosophy turns off the thought of lies mine, a person of worth, when I would have guilt, and says, bowed to in the pit, at two yards distance did

« That if weak women go astray, not know me. If you were what the country people report

“ Their stars are more in fault than they." ood yoll, a white witch, I could have withod This, no doubt, is a full reparatica, and

you had been there to have exercised that dismisses the audience with very edifying im- . r rabble of broomiticks, with which we were preilions.

bauated for above three hours, I could have These things, fall under a province you hare Sallowed them to set Clod in the tree, to have * partly pursued already, and therefore demand 'scared the sportfinen, plagued the justice, and your animadversion, for the regulating to noble

einployed honest Teague with his holy water. an entertainment as that of the stage. It were This was the proper use of them in comedy,

to be withed that all who write for it hereafter • if the author had stopped here; but I cannot

s would raise their genius, by the ambition of conceive what relation the sacrifice of the black pleafing people of the best understanding; and. • lanıb, and the ceremonies of their worship to

leave others who Thew nothing of the humans ' the devil, have to the business of mirth and < species but risibility, to seek their divcraon 20 r humour.

r she bcargarden, or some other privileged place, The gentleman who writ this play, and has (where rearon and good-manners have no riglat. • drawn some characters in it very justly, appears

to disturb them. to have been milled in his witchcraft by an August 8, 17115

I am, & unwary following the inimitable Shakespear. T The incantations in Macbeth have a solemnity admirably adapted to the occasion of that Tra

gedy, and fill the mind with a suitable horror; No 142. MONDAY, AUGUST 13. • belides, that the witches are a part of the ' story itself, as we find it very particularly re. -- Irrupta tenet copula "lated in Hector Boetius, from whom he seems

Hor. Od. 13. I. 1, v. 18 to have taken it. This therefore is a proper

-They equal move • machine where the business is dark, horrid and

In an unbroken yoke of faithful love. bloody; but is extremely foreign from the af

GLANVIL. S fair of Comedy. Subjects of this kind, which

are in themseives disagreeable, can at no time HE following letters being genuine, and " become entertaining, but by pasħing through

the images of a worthy passion, I am willan imagination like Shakespear's to form them; ing to give the old lady's admonition myself, for which reason Mr. Dryden wouid not allow and the representation of her own happiness, a

even Beaumont and Fletcher capable of imitat- place in my writings. * ing him.

"Mr. Spectator,

August , 1711. “ But Shakespear's magic could not copy'd he, « Within that circle none durst walk but ne.'

AM ‘now in the fixty-feventh year of my T

age, and read you with approbation; but I should not, however, have troubled you

methinks you do not strike at the root of the ' with thefe remarks, if there were noi fonte

greatest evil in life, which is the false notion thing else in this Comedy, which wants to be

! of gailantry in love. It is, and has long been, exorcised more than the witches: I mean the

upon a very ill foot; but I who have heen • freedom of some passages, which I should have

"wile forty years, and was bred in a way that overlooked, if I had not observed that those

" has made me ever since very happy, see througiu jests can raise the loudest mirth, thongh they

the folly of it. In a word, Sir, when I was are painful to right sense, and an outrage upon

a young woman, all who avoided the vices modeity.

of the age, were very carefully educated, and “We must attribute such liberties to the taste

Call fartastical objects were turned out of our of that age, but indeed by such representati

sight. The tapestry hangings, with the great ons a poet sacrifices the best part of his au.

r and venerable fimplicity of the scripture fëories, 'dience to the worst; and, as one would think;

( had better effects than now the loves of Venus ' neglects the boxes, to write to the orange

and Adonis, or Bacchus and Aziadne in your • wenches.

fine present prints. The gentleman I ain.mar" I must not conclude until I have taken no

rried to made love to inc in rapture, but it was ' tice of the moral with which this comedy ends:

(the rapture of a Christian and a man of honour, • The two young ladies having given a notable

(not a romantic hero or a whining coxcomb: ' example of outwitting those who had a right this put our life upon a right basis. To give ' in the dispofal of them, and marrying with

you an idea of our regard one to another, I inout consent of parents; one of the injured par

o close to you several of his letters, writ forty ties, who is easily reconciled, winds up all with years ago, when my lover; and one writ the

6. other day, after so many years cohabitation.

* Your servant, -Design whate’er we will,

Andromache. There is a fate which over-rules us still.' We are to su; pose that the gallants are men

MADAM,

Augief? 7, 1671. of merit, but if they had been rakes, the ex

F ' cufe iniglit have served as well. Hans Carvel's your welfare and repose could have any Wife was of the same principle, but has exe'force, you lait night flept in fecurity, and had

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