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« chance: nor have I ought to say either against « stone is foftened and dissolved as a tender cloud
my judges or accufers, but that they thought « into rain. Here stood the African mountains, " they did me an injury But I detain « and Atlas with his top above the clouds; “ you too long, it is time that I retire to death, « there was frozen Caucasus, and 'Taurus, and “ and you to your affairs of life; which of us has « Imaus, and the mountains of Asia; and yon. « the better is known to the Gods, but to no « der towards the north, stood the Riphæan hills, « mortal man.”
« clothed in ice and snow. All there are vanishThe divine Socrates is here represented in a “ ed, dropped away as the snow upon their heads. figure worthy his great wisdom and philosophy, “ Great and marvellous are thy works, just and worthy the greatest mere man that ever breathed. « true are thy ways, thou King of Saints ! HalBut the modern discourse is written upon a sub « lelujah,”
T ject no less than the dissolution of nature itself. O how glorious is the old age of that great man, who has spent his time in such contemplations N° 147. SATURDAY, August 18. as has made this being, what only it should be, an education for Heaven! He has, according to Pronunciatio est vocis & vultús & geftûs moderatis the lights of Reason and Revelation, which cum venuftate.
TULL. seemed to him clearest, traced the steps of Om- Delivery is a graceful management of the voice, nipotence: he has, with a celestial ambition, as countenance, and gesture. far as it is consistent with humility and devotion, Mr. Spectator, examined the ways of Providence, from the creation to the diffolution of the visible world. How THE well reading of the Common-prayer is pleasing must have been the speculation, to ob
of so great importance, and so much nege serve Nature and Providence move together, the
" lected, that I take the liberty to offer to your physical and moral world march the same pace:
confideration some particulars on that subject : to observe paradise and eternal spring the seat of , and what more worthy your observation than innocence, troubled seasons and angry skies the < this ? A thing so public, and of so high conseportion of wickedness and vice. When this ad quence. It is indeed wonderful, that the fre. mirable author has reviewed all that has passed, quent exercise of it should not make the peror is to come, which relates to the habitable formers of that duty more expert in it. This world, and run through the whole face of it, how • inability, as I conceive, proceeds from the little could a guardian angel, that had attended it care that is taken of their reading, while boys through all its courses or changes, speak more
6 and at school, where when they are got into Laemphatically at the end of his charge, than does ( tin, they are looked upon as above English, the our author when he makes, as it were, a funeral « reading of which is wholly neglected, or at least oration over this globe looking to the point where “ read to very little purpose, without any due obit once stood ?
i servations made to them of the proper accent “ Let us only, if you please, to take leave of and manner of reading; by this means they “ this subject, reflect upon this occasion on the have acquired such ill habits as will not easily be “ vanity and transient glory of this habitable removed. The only way that I know of to ri.
How by the force of one element (medy this, is to propose some person of great “ breaking loose upon the rest, all the vanities of ability that way as a pattern for them; exam“ nature, all the works of art, all the labours of ple being most effectual to convince the learna “ men, are reduced to nothing. All that we ad ed, as well as instruct the ignorant, « mired and adored before as great and magnifi " You must know, Sir, I have been a constant “ cent, is obliterated or vanished; and another frequenter of the service of the church of « form and face of things, plain, simple, and
England for above these four years last part, “ every where the same, overspreads the whole 6 and until Sunday was seven-night never dif“ earth. Where are now the great empires of ( covered, to so great a degree, the excellency “ the world, and their great imperial cities? r of the common-prayer. When 'being at St. “ Their pillars, trophies and monuments of glo. • James's Garlick-Hill church, I heard the ser. « ry? Shew me where they stood, read the in « vice read so distinctly, so emphatically, and « scription, tell me the victor's name. What <fo fervently, that it was next to an impoflibility “ remains, what impresions, what difference, or
( to be unattentive. My eyes and my thoughts “ distinction, do you see in this mass of fire? ( could not wonder as usual, but were confined to “ Rome itself, eternal Rome, the great city, the • my prayers : I then considered I addressed my“ empress of the world, whose domination and - self to the Almighty, and not to a beautiful “ superstition, ancient and modern, make a great « face. And when I reflected on my former per“ part of the history of this earth, what is become <formances of that duty, I found I had run it “ of her now? She laid her foundations deep, rover as a matter of form, in comparison to the “ and her palaces were strong and sumptuous :" manner in which I then discharged it. My “ She glorified herself, and lived deliciously, and. mind was really affected, and fervent wishes ac. “ said in her heart, I fit a Queen, and shall see ( companied my words. The confession was
no sorrow;" “ but her hour is come, she is (read with such a resigned humility, the absolu“ wiped away from the face of the earth, and 'tion with such a comfortable authority, the " buried in everlasting oblivion. But it is not (thanksgivings with such a religious joy, as made “ cities only, and works of mens hands, but the me feel those affections of the mind in the man. “ everlasting hills, the mountains and rocks of ner I never did before. To remedy therefore " the earth are melted as wax before the sun, and " the grievance above complained of, I humbly " their place is no where found."'“ Here stood propose, that this excellent reader, upon the “ the Alpes, the load of the earth, that covered next and every annual assembly of the clergy cf
many countries, and reached their arms from + Sion-College, and all other conventions, should “ the ocean to the Black Sea this huge mass of read prayers before them. For then those that
• are afraid of stretching their mouths, and spoil. our worship, disposed in most proper order, "ing their soft voice, will learn to read with and void of all confusion; what influence, I « clearnefs, loudness, and strength. Others that say, would these prayers have, were they deli. "atfect a rakiil negligent air by folding their
(vered with a due emphasis, and appofite rising arnis, and lolling on their book, will be taught
" and variation of voice, the sentence concluded a decent behaviour,, and comely eredion of ' with a gentle cadence, and, in a word, with « body. Those that read so fast as if impatient
< such an accent and turn of speech as is peculiar c of their work, may learn to speak deliberately.
" to prayer ? " There is another sort of persons whom I call
• As the matter of worship is now managed, pindaric readers, as being confined to no set ' in diffenting congregations, you find insignifimeasure; these pronounce five or six words
cart words and phrases raised by a lively ve(with great deliberation, and the five or fix hemence; in our own churches, the most ex( fubsequent ones with as great celerity: the
alted fense depreciated, by a dispassionate irfirst part of a sentence with a very exalted
o dolence. I remember to have heard Dr. Se (voice, and the latter part with a submissive
say in his pulpit, of the Common-prayer, that, one: sometimes again with one fort of a tone, at least, it was as perfect as any thing of hu6 and immediately after with a very different
man institution : if the gentlemen who err in one. These gentlemen will learn of my ad.
" this kind would please to recoilee the many (mired reader an evenness of voice and delivery. pleasantries they have read upon those who reAnd all who are innocent of these affectations, cite good things with an ill grace, they would but road with such an indifferency as if they go on to think that what in that case is only did not understand the language, may then be ridiculous, in themselves is impious. But leavinformed of the art of reading movingly and
ring this to their own reficctions, I shall con' fervently, how to place the emphafis, and give
<clude this trouble with what Cæsar said upon ? the proper accent to each word, and how to " the irregularity of tone in one who read before vary the voice according to the nature of the
him, “Do you read or fing? If you fing, you sentence. There is certainly a very great dif
“ fing very ill.” ference between the reading a prayer and a
(Your most humble servant. gazette, which I beg of you to inform a set of readers, who affect, forsooth, a certain gentle
man-like familiarity of tone, and mend the N° 148. MONDAY, August 20.
- Exempta juvat spinis è pluribus una. " These are often pretty cialiical scholars, and
Hor, Ep, 2. 1. 2. V. 212. would think it an unpardonable sin to read Better one thorn pluck'd out, than all remain. Virgil or Martial with so little talte as they do
correspondents assure me that the o divine service.
mities which they lately complained of, · This indifferency seems to me to arise from and I published an account of, are so far from " the cndeavour of avoiding the imputation of being amended, that new evils arise every day to
cant, and the false notion of it. It will be interrupt their conversation, in contempt of my proper therefore to trace the original and lig- reproofs. My friend who writes from the coffee
nification of this word. Cant is, by some peo- house near the Temple informs me that the gen? pie, derived from one Andrew Cant, who, they tleman who constantly lings a voluntary in spite
say, was a Prefbyterian minister in fcme illite of the whole company, was more musical than rate part of Scotland, who by exercise and use ordinary after reading my paper; and has not
had obtained the faculty, alias gist, of talking been contented with that, but has danced up to ' in the pulpit in such a dialect, that it is said the glass in the middle of the room, and practised
he was understood by none but his own con- minuet-iteps to his own humming. The incor
gregation, and not hy all of them. Since Mar, rigible creature has gone ftill farther, and in the ! Cant's tine it has been understood in a larger open coffee-house, with one hand extended as < senso, and fignifies all sudden exclamations, leading a lady in it, he has danced both French " wiinings, unusual tones, and in fine all pray- and country-dances, and admonished his supposed *ing and preaching, like the unlearned of partner by smiles and nods to hold up her head, " the Presoyterians. But I hope a proper and fall back, according to the respective facings - elevation of voice, a due emphaîis and ac and evolutions of the dance. Before this gentle
cent, are not to come within this descrip- man began this his exercise, he was pleased to r tion: so that our readers may still be as un clear his throat by coughing and spitting a full
like the Presbyterians as they please. The half hour; and as soon as he itrucks up, he ap• Diffenters, I mean such as I have heard, do pealed to an attorney's cierk in the room, whe' indeed clevate their voices, but it is with sud- ther he hit as he ought, " Since you from death
den jumps from the lower to the higher part « have saved me?” and then asked the young
of them; and that with so little sense or skill, fellow, pointing to a chancery-bill under his " that their elevation and cadence is bawlirg and arm, whether that was an opera-score he carried
muttering. They make use of an emphatis, or not? Without staying for an answer he fell " but so improperly, that it is often placed on into the exercise above-mentioned, and practised * some very inngnificant particle, as upon if, or his airs to the full house who were turned upon < and.
Now if these improprieties have so great him, without the least fame or repentance for an effect on the people, as we see they have, his former tranfgressions. “ how great an influence would the service of I am to the last degree at a loss what to do
our church, containing the best prayers that with this young fellow, except I declare him an ever were composed, and that in terms most outlaw, and pronounce it penal for any one to aficcling, most humble, and most expressive of speak to him in the said house which he freeur wants, and dependence on the object of quents, and direct that he be obliged to drink
his tea and coffee without sugar, and not receive has communicated to me as a secret, that he from any person whatsoever any thing above designed in a very short time to tell me a tecret; mere neceffaries.
but I shall know what he means, he now assures As we in England are a sober people, and ge- me, in less than a fortnight's time. nerally inclined rather to a certain bashfulness of But I must not omit the dearer part of manbehaviour in public, it is amazing whence some kind, I mean the ladies, to take up a whole fellows come whom one meets within this town; paper upon grievances which concern the men they do not at all seem to be the growth of our only; but Thall humbly propose, that we change inand; the pert, the talkative, all such as have fools for an experiment only. A certain set of no sense of the observation of others, are certain- ladies complain they are frequently perplexed ly of foreign extraction. As for my part, I am with a visitant, who affects to be wiser than they as much surprised when I see a talkative English- are; which character he hopes to preserve by an man, as I Mould be to see the Indian pine grow. obstinate gravity, and great guard against dising on one of our quickset hedges. Where these covering his opinion upon any occasion whatsocreatures get sun enough, to make them fuch A painful filence has hitherto ga ned him lively animals and dull men, is above my phi- no farther advantage, than that as he might, if lorophy.
he had behaved himself with freedom, been exThere are another kind of impertinents which cepted against, but as to this and that particular, a man is perplexed with in mixed company, and he now offends in the whole. To relieve thele those are your loud speakers: these treat man ladies, my good friends and correspondents, I kind as if we were all deaf; they do not express hall exchange my dancing outlaw for their dumb but declare themselves. Many of these are guilty visitant, and allign the filent gentleman all the of this outrage out of vanity, because they think haunts of the dancer: in order to which, i bave all they say is well; or that they have their own sent them by the penny-post the following letpersons in such veneration, that they believe no ters for their conduct in their new conyeria. thing which concerns them can be insignificant tions. to any body else. For these peoples fake, I have often lamented that we cannot close our ears
OS IR, with as much ease as we can our eyes : it is very uneasy that we must necessarily be under perse regularities without regard to my observacution. Next to these bawlers, is a troublesome tions upon you; but shall not treat you with creature who comes with the air of your friend fó much rigour as you deserve. If you will and your intimate, and that is your whisperer. "give yourself the troub e to repair to the place There is one of them at a coffee-house which I mentioned in the postscript to this letter at myself frequent, who cbserving me to be a man feven this evening, you will be conducted into pretty well made for secrets, gets by me, and acious room well lighted, where there are with a whisper tells me things which all the ladies and music. You will see a young lady town knows. It is no very hard matter to guess laughing next the window to the street; you at the source of this impertinence, which is no may take her out, for she loves you as well as the thing else but a method or mechanic art of being does any man, though the never saw you before. wise. You never fee any frequent in it, whom • She never thought in her life any more than you can suppose to have any thing in the world " yourself. She will not be surprised when you to do. These persons are worse than bawlers, accost her, nor concerned when you leave her. as much as a secret ene ny is more dangerous Halten from a place where you are laughed than a declared one. I wish this my coffee-house ( at, to one where you will be admired. You friend would take this for an intimation, that I are of no consequence, therefore go where you have not lieard one word he has told me for these 6 will be welcome for being so. several years: whereas he now thinks me the
Your most humble servant.' most trusty repofitcry of his secrets. The whitperers have a pleasant way of ending the close
ISIR, conversation, with saying aloud, "Do not you THE ladies whom you visit, think a wife “ think so?” Then whisper again, and then man the most impertinent creature living, aloud, “ but you know that person;" then therefore you cannot be offended that they are whisper again. The thing would be well enough, o displeased with you. Why will you take pains if they whispered to keep the folly of what they to appear wise, where you would not be the say among friends; but alas, they do it to pre more esteemed for being really fo? Come to us; serve the importance of their thoughts. I am (forget the gigglers; and let your inclination sure I could name you more than one person go along with you whether you speak or are whom no man living ever heard talk upon any lilent ; and let all such women as are in a clan subject in nature, or ever saw in his whole life
or fifterhood, go their own way; there is no with a book in his hand, that I know not how room for you in that company who are of the can whisper something like knowledge of what « common taste of the sex. has and does pass in the world; which you would think he learned from some familiar spirit « For women born to be controllid that did not think him worthy to receive the
< Stoop to the forward and the bold;
« The gay, the frolic, and the loud,"
able to be named what they will tell you when
N° 149. TUESDAY, August 21. would have you abstract them from their ciro
cumstances; for you are to take it for granted, Cui in manu sit quem effe demertem velit,
that he who is very humble only because he is Quem fapere, quem sanari, quem in morbum injici,
poor, is the very fame man in nature with him Quem contrà amari, quem accerfiri, quem experi. who is haughty because he is rich,
Cecil. apud Tull.
When you have gone thus far, as to consider Who has it in her power to make any man mad, the figure they make towards you; you will
or in his fenfes ; fick or in health: and whć please, my dear, next to consider the appearance can choose the object of her affections at plea- you make towards them. If they are men of fure.
discerning, they can observe the motives of your
heart; and Florio can see when he is disregarded HE following letter and my answer shall only upon account of fortune, which makes you take up the present speculation.
to him a mercenary creature: and you are still
the same thing to Strephon, in taking him for Mr. Spectator,
his wealth only: you are therefore to consider Am the young widow of a country gentle- whether you had rather oblige, than receive an
man who has left me entire mistress of a obligation. • large fortune, which he agreed to as an equi The marriage life is always an insipid, a vexai valent for the difference in our years. In these tious, or an happy condition. The first is, when
circumstances it is not extraordinary to have two people of no genius or taste for themselves • a crowd of admirers; which I have abridged meet' together, upon such a settlement as has « in my own thoughts, and reduced to a couple been thought reasonable by parents and convey ' of candidates only, both young, and neither ancers from an exact valuation of the land and
of them disagreeable in their persons; accord- cash of both parties : in this case the young ring to the common way of comput ng, in one lady's person is no more regarded, than the houie " the estate more than déserves my fortune, in and improvements in purchase of an estate ; but
the other my fortune more than deserves the the goes with her fortune, rather than her forreftate. When I consider the first, I own I am tune with her. These make up the crowd or ' so far a woman I cannot avoid being delighted vulgar of the rich, and fill up the lumber of hu« with the thoughts of living great; but then man race without beneficence towards those o he seems to receive such a degree of courage below them, or respect towards those above • froin the knowledge of what he has, he looks them; and lead a despicable, independent and " as if he was going to confer an obligation on useless life, without sense of the laws of kind
me; and the readiness he accoíts me with, ness, good-nature, mutual offices, and the eles makes me jealous I am only hearing a repeti- gant satisfaction which flow from reason and « tion of the same things he has said to a hundred virtue.
women before. When I consider the other, I The vexatious life arises from a cunjunction • see myself approached with so much modesty of two people of quick taste and resentment, put. 6 and respect, and such a doubt of himself, as be- together for reasons well known to their friends, • trays methinks, an affection within, and a be- in which especial care is taken to avoid, what
lief at the same time that he himself would be they think the chief of evils, poverty, and ensure I the only gainer by my consent. What an un to them riches, with every evil besides. These
exceptionable hutband could I make out of good people live in a constant constraint before (both! but since that is impossible, I beg to company, and too great familiarity alone; when (be concluded by your opinion; it is absolutely they are within observation they fret at each ' in your power to dispose of
other's carriage and behaviour; when alone they 6 Your most obedient servant, revile cach other's person and conduct: in com
Sylwia.' pany they are in a purgatory, when only together MADAM,
in an hell. OU do me great honour in your appli The happy marriage is, where two persons
cation to me on this important occafion; I meet and voluntarily make choice of each other, Thall therefore talk to you with the tenderness of without principally regarding or neglecting the a failier, in gratitude for your giving me the au circumstances of fortune or beauty. These may thority of one. You do not seem to make any still love in spite of adversity or sickness: the forgreat distinction between these gentlemon as to mer we may in some measure defend ourselves their persons; the whole question lies upon their from, the other is the portion of our very make. circumstances and behaviour; if the one is less When you have a true notion of this fort of pain respectful because he is rich, and the other more fion, your humour of living great will vanish out obfequious because he is not fo, they are in that of your imagination, and you will find love has point moved by the same principle, the conside- nothing to do with state. Solitude, with the rition of fortune, and you must place them in person beloved, has a pleasure, even in a woman's each other's circumstances, before you can judge mind, beyond low or pomp. You are therefore of their inclination. To avoid confusion in dif to consider which of your lovers will like you cusing this point, I will call the richer man best undressed, which will bear with you most Strephon, and the other Florio. If you believe when out of humour; and your way to this is Florio with Strephon's estate would behave him to ask of yourself, which of them you value most self as he does now, Florio is certainly your man; for his own fake? and by that judge which but if you think Strephon, were he in Florio's gives the greater instances of his valuing you for condition, would be as obsequious as Florio is yourself only. now, you ought for your own sake to choose After you have expressed some sense of the Strephon; for where the men are equal, there is humble approach of Florio, and a little disdain at no doubt riches ought to be a reason for prefer- Strephon's assurance in his address, you cry out, ence, After this inanner, my dear child, I “What an unexceptionable husband could I
« make out of both!" It would therefore, me < For the torn fourtout and the tatter'd vest, thinks, be a good way to determine yourself: " The wretch and all his wardrobe are ajeit; take him in whom what you like is not trans - The greasy gown sully'd with often turning, ferable to another, for if you choose otherwise, Gives a good hint to say the man's in mourn. there is no hopes your husband will ever have wliat you liked in his rival; but intrinsic qualities Or if the shoe be ript, or patch is put, in one man may very probably purchase every thing 'He's wounded see the plaister on his foot.' that is adventitious in another. In plainer terms;
DRYDEN he whom you take for his personal perfections It is on this occasion that he afterwards adds the will sooner arrive at the gifts of fortune, than he reflection which I have chosen for my motto. whom you take for the sake of his fortune attain
" Want is the scorn of ev'ry wealthy fool, to personal perfections. If Strephon is not as
And wit in rags is turn'd to ridicule.' accomplished and agreeable as Florio, marriage
DRYDEN, to you will never make him so; but marriage to you may make Florio as rich as Strephon: therefore to make a sure purchase, employ for
It must be confessed that few things make a tune upon certainties, but do not facrifice cer man appear more despicable, or more prejudice tainties to fortune.
his hearers against what he is going to offer, than T
an aukward or pitiful dreís; infomuch that I Your most obedient
fancy, had Tully himself pronounced one of his humble feryant.
orations with a blanket about his moulders, more people would have laughed at his dress than have admired his eloquence. This last re
flection made me wonder at a set of men, who, N° 150. WEDNESDAY, August 22. without being subjected to it by the unkindness
of their fortunes, are contented to draw upon Nil habet infelix paupertas durius in se,
themselves the ridicule of the world in this parQuàm quòd ridiculos homines facit
Juv. Sat. 3. V. 152. that the first regular step to be a wit is to com
ticular; I mean such as cake it into their heads, Want is the scorn of ev'ry wealthy fool,
mence a Noven. It is certain nothing has so And wit in rags is turn'd tò ridicule.
much debased that, which must have been otherDRYDEN. wise so great a character; and I know not how
to account for it, unless it may posibly be in S I was walking in my chamber the morn
ing before I went laft into the country, I complaisance to those narrow minds who can heard the hawkers with great vehemence crying have no notion of the same person's portelling about a paper, intitled, “The ninety-nine plagues different accomplishments; or that it is a fort of * of an empty purse." I had indeed some time sacrifice which some men are contented to make before observed, that the orators of Grub-street to calumny, by allowing it to fasten on one part had dealt very much in Plagues. They have of their character, while they are endeavouralready published in the same month, « The ing to establish another.
Yet however unac
countable this foolish custom is, I am afraid it “ Plagues of Matrimony; The Plagues of a “ fingie Life; the nineteen Plagues of a Cham- could plead a long prescription; and probably « berinaid; The Plagues of a Coachman; The gave too much occasion for the vulgar definition « Plagues of a Footman; and The Plague of still remaining among us of an Heathen Philse “ Plagues.” The success these several plagues sopher.
I have seen the speech of a Terræ-filius, met with, probably gave 'occasion to the abovementioned poem on an empty purse. However spoken in King Charles the Second's reign; in that be, the fame noise ro frequently repeated which he describes two very eminent men, who under my window, drew me-infenfibly to think were perhaps the greatest scholars of their age; Con some of those inconveniencies and mortifica- and after having mentioned the intire friendřip tions which usually attend on poverty, and in between them, concludes, “ That they had but Mort, gave birth to the present speculation : for af « one mind, one purse, one chamber, and one
“ hat." The men of business wore also infected ter my fancy had run over the most obvious and common calamities which men of mean fortunes with a sort of fingularity little better than this. are liable to, it descended to those little insults I have heard my father say, that a broad-brimmand contempts, which though they may seemed hat, short hair, and unfolded handkerchief, to dwindle into nothing when a man offers to were in his time absolutely neceffary to denote a describe them, are perhaps in themselves more notable man; and that he had known two or cutting and insupportable than the former. Ju- three, who aspired to the character of very nota 'yenal, with a great deal of reason and humour able, wear shoe-itrings with great success. tells us, that nothing bore harder upon a poor
To the honour of our present age it must be man in his time, than the continual ridicule allowed, that some of our greatest genius's for which his habit and dress afforded to the beaux wit and business have almost intirely broke the of Rome.
neck of these absurdities.
Victor, after having dispatched the most im. Quid, quòd materiam præbet causasque jocorum portant affairs of the commonwealth, has apOmnibris bic idem; fi feda & fiilla lacerna, peared at an affembly, where all the ladies have Si toga fordidula est, & rupta calceus alter
declared him the genteelest man in the compPelle patet, vel fi conjuto vulnere crasum
pany; and in Atticus, though every way one of Atque recens linum oftendit non una cicatrix. the greatest genius's the age has produced,
juv. Sat. 3. v. 147. one sees nothing particular in lis dress or carAdd that the rich have still a gibe in store, riage to denote his pretensions to wit and learn. And will be monstrous witty on the poor a ing: so that at present a man may venture to