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. Pra&ical part of religion, or what I have 'hi. Opinion with many heads; two that dealt in therto called morality.
sorcery, and were famous for bewitching people Thirdly, that the greatest friend of morality with the love of themselves. To there repaired or natural religion, cannot poslibly apprettend a multitude from every side, by two different any danger from embracing christianity, as it is paths which lead towards each of them. Some preserved pure and uncorrupt in the doctrines of who had the most assuming air, went directly of our national church.
themselves to Error, without expecting a con. There is likewise another maxim which I think ductor; others of a softer nature went firft to may be drawn from the foregoing confiderations, popular Opinion, from whence as the influenced which is this, that we fhould in all dubious and engaged them with their own praises, me points, consider any ill consequences that may delivered them over to his government. arife from them, supposing they should be ero
When we had ascended to an open part of the roneous, before we give up our affent to them. summit where Opinion abode, we found her en.
For example, in that disputable point of per-' tertaining several who had arrived before us. secuting men for conscience fáke,' besides the Her voice was pleasing; the breathed odours as imbitterirg their minds with hatred, indignation, le spoke : The seemed to have a tongue for every and all the vehemence of resentment, and in- one; every one thought he heard of something Inaring them to profess what they do not be that was valuable in himself, and expected a pa. lieve; wei cut them off from the pleasures and radise which the promised as the reward of his advantages of fociety, affict their bodies, dif- merit. Thus were we drawn to follow her, till tress their fortunes, hurt their reputations, ruin he could bring us where it was to be bestowed : their families, make their lives painful, or put and it was observable that all the way we went, an end to them. Şure when I fee such dreadful the company was either praising theinselves for consequences rising from a principle, I would their qualifications, or one another
. for those be as fully convinced of the truth of it, as of a qualifications which they took to be conspicuous mathematical demonstration, before I would in their own characters, or disprailing ochers venture to act upon it, or make it a part of for wanting theirs, or vying in the degrees of my religion.de
them. In this case the injury done our neighbour 'is At last we approached a bower, at the en. plain, and evident; the principle that puts trance of which Error was feated. The trees us upon doing it, of a' dubious and dispu- were thick woven, and the place where he fat table nature. Morality seems highly violated by artfully contrived to darken him a little. . He the one, and whether or no a zeal for what a was disguised in a whitifh robe, which he had man thinks the true system of faith may justify put on, that he might appear to us with a nearer it, is very uncertain. "I cannot but think if our refemblance to Truth: and as she has a light religion produces charity as well as zeal, it will whereby the manifests the beauties of nature to not be for shewing itself by such cruel instances. the eyes of her adorers, so he had provided him: But to conclude with the words of an excellent self with a magical wand, that he might do author, “We have just enough religion to make something in imitation of it, and please with
uś hate, but not enough to make us love one delusions. This he lifted solemnly, and mutter « another.'
cing to himself, bid the glories which he kept
under inchantment to appear before us. Immeu diately we cast our eyes on that part of the sky
to which he pointed, and observed a thin blue No 460. MONDAY, AUGUST 18. prospect, which cleared as mountains in a fum.
mer morning when the mifts go off, and the pa Decipimur fpecie relia
- Hor. Ars, Poet, V. 25. lace of Vanity appeared to fight. Deluded by a seeming excellence: ROSCOMMON•
The foundation hardly seemea a foundation,
but a set of curling clouds, which it ftood upon UR defects and follies are too often unknown by magical contrivance. The way by which we
to us; nay, they are so far from being ascended was painted like a rainbow; and as we known to us, that they pass for demonstrations went the breeze that played about us bewitched of our worth. This makes us easy in the midit the senses. The walls were gilded all for thow; of them, fond to Mew them, fond to improve in the lowest set of pillars were of the fine light them, and to be efteemed for them. Then it is Corinthian order, and the top of the building that a thousand 'unaccountable conceits, gay in- being rounded, bore so far the refemblance of ventions, and extravagant a&ions muit afford us a bubble. pleafures, and display us to others in the colours At the gate the travellers neither met with a which we ourselves take a fancy to glory in and porter, 'nor waited till one should appear; every indeed there is something fo amusing for the one thought his merit à fufficient patsport, and time in this state of vanity and ill grounded fa- pressed forward. In the hall we met with retisfa&tion, that even the wifer world has chosen veral phantoms, that roved amôngft us, and an exalted word to describe its inchantments, ranged the company according to their fontiments. and called it "The Paradise of fools.'
There was decreasing Honour, that had nothing, Perhaps the latter pårt of this reflexion may to Mew in but an old coat of his ancestors atseem a false thought to fome, and bear another chievements : there was Oftentation, that made turn than what I have given; bút it is at present himself his own constant subject, and Gallantry none of my bòfiness to look after it, who am ftrutting upon his tiptoes. At the upper end of going to confess that I have been lately amongst the hall food a throne, whose canopy glittered them in a vision,
with all the riches that gaiety could contrive to Methought I was tranfported to a hill, green, lavish on it; and between the gilded+arms fat flowery, and of en easy ascent. Upon the broad Vanity, - decked in the peacock's feathers, and top of it refided fquiné-eyed Erfor, and popular acknowledged for another Vormue by hier votarias,
I a ,
The hoy who stood beside her for a Cupid, and. We have seen fuch fcenes as these before now;: who made the world to bow before ber, 'was the glory you saw will all return when the hurry called Self-Conceit. His eyes had every now is over. I thanked lim for his information, and and then a cast inwards to the neglect of all oba' believing him to incorrigible as that he would jeats about him, and the arms which he made: stay till it was his turn to be taken, I made oft wie of- for conquests, were borrowed from thote to ibe door, and overtook fome few, who, though against whom he had a defign. The arrow: they would not hearken to Plain-Dealing, were which he thor at the soldier, was fédged from now tecribed to good purpose by the example of his own plume of feathers; the dart he directed others:- but when they had touched the threagainst the man of wit,' was winged from the holds it was a strange throck to them to find quills he writ with; and that which he feat a.) that-the' delufion of Error was gone, and they gainst those who' presumed upon their riches, plainiy discerned the building to hang a little up was headed with gold out of their treafuries : de in the air without any real foundation. At first made sets for ftatesmen from their own contri- we saw nothing but a desperate leap remained wances; he took fire front the eyes of ladjes, for us, and I a thousand timeş, blamed my un with which he melted their hearts; and light, meaning curioáty that had bought me into sa ping from the tongues of the eloquent, to ear much danger... But as they began to fink lower. famethem with their own glories. At the foot in their own minds, methought the place funk of the throne fat three falfe Graces, Flattery along with us, till they were arrived at the due with a Neld of paint, Affectation with a mirror: point of Esteem which they pught to have for to practife at, and Fathion ever changing the themselves, then the part of the building in, pofture of her clothes. There applied them which they stood touched the earth, and we do. felves to secure the conquefts which Self-conceit parting out, it retired from our eyes. Now, kad gotten, and had each of them their particu- ryhether they who stayed in the palace were sens, lar. polities. Flattery: gave. new colours and sible of this.descent, I cannot telt; It was then complexions to all things, Affeétation new airs my opinion tbat they were not. However it be, and appearances, which, as the faid, were not my dream broke up at it, and has given me ocur vulgar; and Fashion both concealed some home casion all my life to reflect upon the fatal: defects; and wided fome foreign external beque confequences of following the suggestions of ties.
Vanity, • As I was reflecting upon what I faw, I heard
it a voice in the crowd, bemoaning the condition Mr. Spečiator, of mankind, which is thus managed by the Y WRITE to you to defre, that you would breath of Opinion, deluded by Error, fired by Self-Conceit, and given up to be trained in all is chiefly in ufe among the politer and better the courses of Vanity, till Scorn or Poverty come bred part of mankind; I mean the ceremonies, upon us. These expreflions were no rooner bows, curttiess · whitperings, fimiles, winks, handed about, but I immediately faw a general nods, with other familiar arts of falutation disorder, till at lait 'there was ac.parting in one winich take up in pur churchez fo much sime, place, anda grave old man, deceni and resolute, that might be better employed, and which was led forward to be punified for the words lxefeein io utterly inconsistent with the duty and had uttered. He appeared: inclined to have true intent of our entering into those religious spoken in his own defence, but I cou id not pb. « affemblies. The refemblance wiriçr this bears ferve that any one was willing; to hear him. to our indeed proper behaviour in theatres, Vanity cait a fcornful smile at hun s: Seti-Con. may be fome instance of its incongruity in the ceit was angry s Flattery who knew him for above-mentioned places. In Roman-catholic Plain-dealing, put on a vizard, and turned away; ' churches and chapels abroad, I myself have Affectation totted her fan, made mouths, and observed, more than once, persone of the first Galled him Envy or Slander ; and Fashion would quality, of the nearest rclation, and intimatest bave it, that at least he must be Ill-Manners. ! acquaintance, passing by one another, ung Thus Nighted and despised by,ali, he was driven • knowing as it were, and unknown, and with out for abufing people of merit and figure; and ! ro little notices of each other; that it looked I hearduitfirmdy resolved, that he Mould be like having their minds more suitably and more sjedino better wherever they met with him here. folemnly engaged ; at least it was an acknow. gitera , Tonynt ori !!!
ledgment that they ought to have been fo. I I had already seen the meaning of most part have been told the same even of the Mahomeof that warning which he had given, and was tans, with relation to the propriety of their confidering how the latter words Thould be ful- demeanour in the conventions of their erroneous Alled, when a mighty noise was heard without worship, and I cannot but think either of and the door was blackened with a numerous them fufficient and daydable patterns for our train of harpies erouding in upon us Folly , imitation in this particular, Site e migomis and Broken-Credit were seen in the house, before 1 fol cannot help upon this occasion remarking they entered, Trouble, Shame, Ipfamy, Scorn, on the excellent memories of those devotionis, and Poverty brought up the war, Vanity, with who upon returning from church Tall give : her Cupid and Graces disappeared; her Cubjects particular account how two or three hundred ran into tholes, and corners; but many of them people were dressed; a thing by veason of its are found and carried ort, as I was told by one su variety, fu difficult to be digested and fixed in who stood near me, either to prisons or ceļlars, the head; that it is a miracle to me how, two rolinude, or little company, the can arts or the poor hours of divine service can be, time susti, viler crafts of lifeBut these added he; with a icient for so elaborate an undertaking, the duty disdainfulair,yare such who wouid, fondly lives of the place too being jointly, and, no doubt, here, which itbeitt meritsiiheither matched the info pacietically performed along with it. luttes af ithteyplaces, for theirgichestbexpencet: Wiere -it is said in Sacred Writ, thàt..the
and persuade us to be entertained Presence from Egypt, and added the Divine 34 you, I would infift upon that small acknowo,
amongst them; 1 perceived a beauty çould be no wonder why the mountains thould
woman ought to have a covering on her head afterward, and then with a very agreeable tum 46. because of the angels," that lant wordgfs by of thought God is introduced, at once in all E' some thought to be metaphorically used, and to
his. Majelty. This is what I have attempted fignify young men. Allowing this intepreta to imitate in a translation without paraphrase, ition to be right, the text may noc appear to be 6 and to preserve, what could of élte fpirit of wholly foreign to otir present purpose.
the fai red authori When you are mai difpofition tproper, før If the following effay be not too incorrigible, & writing on fuch a subject, I earniently recon bestow, upon it a few brightenings from your • mend this to you, and am; *t! Milli
geniuss that I niay learn how to write better, “SI RE to open i
or so, write no more. ** Your very humble, Servant.'
Your daily admirer
and humble servant, &c?" 461. TUESDAY, Akoust 19
*PSA L M €XIV. : 1 Sed non ego credulus.itis.
1. in VIRG:Ecl. 9. V. 34.
HEN ffrael, freed from Pharaoh's But I discern their flatt'iy from their praise.
*** The tribes with cheartưl homage own VOR want of time to fubftitate, something. Their kitig, and Juđali was his throne.
elfe in the room of them, I am at present ! obliged to publish compliments above my desert 9,
} in the following letters. It is no fmall fatisfac Across the deep their journey láy, tion, to have giveni occasion to ingenivus men to The deep divides to make them way; employ their clioughes upon sacred subjects from
The fireams of Jordan law, and Acd
( With backward current to their head.se the approbation of stich pieces of poetry as they have seen in my Saturday's papers. I hall never
11fi. publish verfe on that day, but what is written by Theʼmountains thook like frighted theep. the fame band; yet I Mall not, accompany those Like lambs the little hillocka leap chini tvrttings.with eulogiums; but leave them to speak Not Sinai on her base could stand, for themselves in the
• Conscious of fou'reign pow'r at hände i For the Spectator.
"S:3:0615IV. ti'w Bron
16:What pow.'s could make the deep divide? * Mr. Spectator,
Make Jordan backward, rol his cide? , ou very much promote the interests of Why did ye ileap) yes little thills: 60 bit
And whence the fright that Sion feels? "profane age;
on sa. or., vir0 < 6 viure with divine poems, while we are diftinguished by Ler ed’ry mountain, 'ey try flood by to many thousand 'humours and split in to many different sects and parties; yet persons - The King of Ifrael: fee Irim here;
Retire, and know the approaching God, of every party, fect, and humour are fond of Tremble thou earth, adore, and feat. ::
nin conforming their taste to yours: "You wean
VI. * bransfuse your own relish of a poem into' all
your readers, 'according to their capacity to He thunders, and all nature mourns; receive; and when you'recommend the pious - The rocke to landing pools he turns;
with fountains'at his word, paffion that reigns in the verfe, we feel to feel the devotion, and grow proud and pleased » And fires and feas confess their Lord. inwardly that we have fouls capable of relim...!
Cabir: ing .
87,?6 Mr. Spe lateri i ja u por reading elie Itymns that you have by THE your penting av bail-penny value up
WHERE are those who the yesterday whether I could write one. The on yourself above the rest of our daily writers, hundred and fourteenth psalm appears to me to defame you in public conyersation, and an admirable ode, alid i began to turn it into a strive to make you unpopular upon the açı our language. As I'was defcribing the jour count of . half-pennyBut,
- ledgment for the fuperior, merit of ycurs, as in this pralm, which was entirely new to me, : being a work of invention. Give me leave and which I was going to lose ; and that is, therefore to do you justice, and say in your that the poet" utterij conceals the prefence of behalf, what you cannot yourself, which isg Cod in the beginning of it;'and rather let's a that your writings have made learning a more poffeffive pronoun- go without a fubftantive, i neceffáry part of good breeding than it was
iban he will so much as mention ar.y thing before you appeared; that modofty is become • of divinity there. * « Judah was his fari&tuary, 25 fashionable, and impudence Stands in need of
and Israel his dominion or, kingdom.” The * Tome wit ;- since you have put ghem both in
aton now feems evident, and this conduct their proper lights. Profanonefs, lewdness, neceffary: God had appeared before, there and debauchery anė not now qualificat ons,
Cand a man may be a very fine gentlem aì, leap and the sea retire ; therefore that this though he is neither a keeper, nor an infidel. ;
convulsion of nature may be brought in 'with ' I would have you tell che, down the story of Que surprise, his name is not mentioned until "the Sibyls, if they deny giving you two-pence.
* Let them know, iliat these facred papers were
• Mr. Spettator, • valued at the same rate after two-thirds of THERE is no one pafion which all man:
them were destroyed, as witen there was the kind lo naturally give into as pride, nor * whole set. There are so many of us who will
any other passion which appears in fuch dif. give you your own price, that you may ac
« ferent difguifes : it is to be found in all habits
• and complexions. Is it not a question, whe. main your pron-conformitt readers, that they
ther it does mote barm or good in the world ? such a day, under three-pence: I do not
! And if there be not such a thing as what we know but you might bring in the date obolum
• may tall a virtuous and laudable pride ? • Belisario with a good grace. The witlings . It is the paffion aloney
, when misapplied, i come in clusters to two or three coffee-houses that lays us to open to flatterers ; and he who * which bave left you off, and I hope you will can agreeably condescend to rootit our humour ' make us, who fine to your wit, merry with
? or temper, finds always an opcri avenue to our their characters who stand out against it. soul; especially if the Aatterer happen to be
' cur fuperior. ! Your most humble servant, • One might gite matiy instances of this in a
- late English mănarch, under the iitle of, “ The i P.S. I have lately got the ingenious authors " Gaieties of King Charles 11.". This prince of blacking for shoes, powder for colouring was by naiure extremely familiar, of very ea. • the hair, pomatum, for the hands, cosmetic
• sy access, and much delighted to see and be • for the face, to be your constant customers;
feen; and this lappy temper, which in the i fo that your advertisements will as much adorii
« highest degree gtatified his people's vanity, the outward. man, 'as. your paper does the « did him more service with his loving fubjes inward,
Is than all his other virtues, though it must be
* confeffed'he liad many. He delighted, thoughi N° 463. WEDNESDAY, AUG. 20, a mighty king, to give and take a jeft, as they Nil ego prætulerim jucundo fanus amico.
say; and a prince of this fortunate disposition, Hor. Sat. 3. 1. 1. v. 44.
"'who were inclined to make an ill use of his
potver; may have any thing of his penple, be Nothing so grateful as a pleasant friend..
it never so much to their prejudice. But this are not aware of the tery great good king made generally a very innocent use; force which pleasantry in company has • as to the public, of this insnaring temper; for, upon all thofe with whom a man of that talent • it is well known, he pursued pleasure more converses. His faults are generally overlooked o than ambition : he seemed to glory in being by all his acquaintance, and a certain careler the first man at cock-matches, horse-races, balls, ness that constantly attends all his actions, and plays, he appeared Nighly delighted on carries him on with greater success, than diligence those oecasions, and never failed to warm and and affiduity does others who have no mare of gladden the heart of every spectator. He more this endowment. Dacinthus, breaks, his word that once dined with his
good citizens of Lon. apon all occasions both trivial and important ; • don on their lord.mayor's day, and did so and when he is sufficiently railed at for that the year that Sir Robert Viner was mayor. abominable quality, they who talk of him end "Sir Robett was a very loyal man, and, if you with, After all he is a very pleasant fellow. will allow the expreffion, very fond of his coDacinthús is an ill-natuted husband, and yet vereign.; but what with the joy, he felt at heart the very women end theit freedom of discourse! for the honour done him by his prince, and upon this subject, But after all he is very pleas, through the warmth he was in with continy. & Tant company:
Dacinthus is neither in point ally toasting healihs to the royal family, his of honour, civility, good-breeding, or good-nás lordship grew a little fond of his majesty, and ture unexceptionable, and yet all is answered, entered mio a familiarity not altogether fo • For he is a very pleasant fellow. When this • graceful in fo public a place. The king úņ. quality is conspicuous in a man who has, to‘ac. derstood very well how to extricate himfeļfin company it, manly and virtuous fentiments, there ...all kinds of difficulties, and with an hint to cannot certainly be any thing which can give for the company to avoid ceremony, stole off and pleafing gratification as the gaiety of such a perfon; made towards his coach, which stood ready for but when it is alone, and serves only to gild a crowd him in Guildhali yard but the mayor liked of ill qualities, there is no man so much to be his company so well, and was grown so intimate avoided as your pleasant fellow. A very pleafant 4 that he pursued him harily, and catching him felloto thall turn your good name to a jeft, make fast by the hand, cried out with a vehement oath your tharacter contemptible, debauch your wife and accent," Sir, you fall stay and take the or daughter, and yet be received by the rest of “ other bottle." The aity monarch looked the world with welcome wherever he appears. I kindly, at him over his shoulder, and with a It is very ordinary with those of this character to • smile and graceful air (for Waw him at the time, be attentive only to their own fatisfactions, and and do not repeated this line of the old song, have very little bowels for the concerns or forrows of other men; nay, they are capable of “ He tirat is drünk is as great as a king ;" purchasing their own pleafures at the expetice of giving pain to others. But they who do not ! and immediately turned back and complied consider this fort of men thus carefully, are irre. with his landlord. fisibly exposed to their infitivations. The au • I give you this story, Mr. Spectator, because, thor of the following letter carries the matter fo as I said, I faw the passage; and I affure you high, as to intimate that the liberties of England ... it is very true, and yet no common one; and have been at the mercy of a prince merely as he when I tell you the fequel, you will say I have as of this pleasant character,
yet a better reafon for it. This very mayor
'I am, SIR,
afterwards erected a statue of his merry mon- selves for the combat, but parted by the balance arch in Stocks-market, and did the crown' which appeared in the heavens and weighed the
many and great services; and it was owing to consequences of such a battle..
so great a fortune shut up in the exchequer of 'Th'Eternal, to prevent fuch horrid fray,
by a great hand which writ his character, The pendulous round earth, with balanc'd air
ceive visits even from fools and half mad-men, "The sequel each of parting and of fight,
boxed, fought at back-sword, and taken poison • Which Gabriel spying, thus bespake the fiend:
rowful under his government. This made
imaginable, all suggestions of jealousy, and the " To boast what arms can do, since thine no
( And read thy lot in yon celestial sign,
" Where thou art weigh’d, and shewn how light,
how weak, T • Your.most humble servant.' • If thou refift. The fiend look'd up, and knew.
His mounted scale aloft, nor more; but Aed
Murm'ring, and with him filed the shades of N°463. THURSDAY, AUGUST 21.
! night.' Omnia quæ fenfu volvuntur vita d'urno,
These several amusing thoughts had taken PeEtore fpito reddit amica quies.
possession of my mind some time before I went Venator defesa toro cúm membra reponit,
to neep, and mingling themselves with my orMens tamen ad sylvas & sua lustra redit : , dinary ideas, raised in my imagination a very Judicibus lites, aurige Somnia currus,
odd kind of vision. I was, methought, replaced Vanaque nocturnis liud.um meta cavetur equis. in my study, and seated in my elbow-chair, Me quoque Mufarum ftudium
fub nočie filenti where I had indulged the foregoing speculations, Artibus affuetis follicitare solet. CLAUD. with my lamp burning by me as usual. Whilft
I was here meditating on several subjects of In Neep, when fancy is let loose to play,
morality, and considering the nature of many Our dreams repeat the wishes of the day. virtues and vices, as materiala for these discourses Tho' farther toil his tired limbs refufe,
with which I daily entertain the public; I saw, The dreaming hunter still the chace pursues. methought, a pair of golden scales hanging by a The judge a-bed dispenses still the laws,
chain of the saine metal over the table that stood And Neeps again o'er the unfinith'd cause. before me; when, on a sudden; there were great The dozing racer hears his chariot roll,
heaps of weights thrown down on each side of Smacks the vain whip, and shuns the fancy'd them. I found upon examining these weights, goal.
they shewed the value of every thing that is in Me too the Muses, in the silent night,
esteem among men. I made an effay of them, With wonted chimes of gingling verse delight. by putting the weight of wisdom in one scale,
and that of riches in another, upon which the WAS lately entertaining myself with com- latter, to new its comparative lightness, immeis represented as weighing the fates of Hector But, before I proceed, I must inform my and Achilles, with a passage of Virgil, wherein reader, that these weights did not exert their that deity is introduced as weighing the fates of natural gravity, until they were laid in the golden Turnus and Æneas. I tlien considered how the balance, insomuch that I could not guess which same way of thinking prevailed in the eastern was light or heavy, whilst i held them in my parts of the world, as in those noble passages of hand. This I found by feveral instances; for Scripture, wherein we are told, that the great upon my laying a weight in one of the scales, king of Babylon, the day before his death, had which was inscribed by the word Eternity; been weighed in the balance, and been found though I threw in that of time, prosperity, afwanting. In other places of the Holy Writings, fiction, wealth, poverty, interest, success, with the Almighty is described as weighing the moun many other weights, which in my hand seemed tains in scales, making the weight for the winds, very ponderous, they were not able to stir the knowing the balancings of the clouds, and in opposite balance, nor could they have prevailed, others, as weighing the actions of men, and lay- though affifted with the weight of the sun, the ing their calamities together in a balance. Mil- stars, and the earth. ton, as I have observed in a former paper, had an Upon the emptying the scales, I laid several eye to several of these foregoing instances in that titles and honours, with pomps, triumphs, and beautiful description, wherein he represents the many weights of the like nature, in one of them, arch-angel and the evil spirit as addressing them- and seeing a little glittering weight lie by me,