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I threw it accidentally into the other scale, when the weights, I saw the word TEKEL engraven to my great surprise it proved so exact a counter on it in capital letters. poise, that it kept the balance in an equilibrium. I made many other experiments, and though This little glittering weight was inscribed upon I have not room for them all in this day's spethe edges of it with the word Vanity. I found culation, I may perhaps reserve them for anothere were several other weights which were
ther. I Mall only add, that upon my awaking equally heavy, and exact counterpoises to one
I was sorry to find my golden scales vanished, another; a few of them I tried, as avarice and but resolved for the future to learn this lesson poverty, riches and content, with some others. from them, not to despise or value any things for
There were likewise several weights that' were their appearances, but to regulate my iefteem and of the same figure, and seemed to correspond passions towards them according to their real
C with each other, but were entirely different when and intrinfic value. thrown into the scales; as religion and hypocrisy, pedantry and learning, wit and vivacity, N° 464. FRIDAY, AUGUST 22, superstition and devotion, gravity and wisdom, with many others.
Auream quisquis mediocritatem I observed one particular weight lettered on Diligit, tutus caret obsoleti both sides, and upon applying myself to the read. Sordibus teeti, caret invidenda ing of it, I found on one side written, In the Sobrius aula
Hor. Od. 10. 1. 2. v. 5 dialect of men,' and underneath it, ' CALA- The golden mean, as she's too nice to dwell O MITIES.' On the other side was written, Among the ruins of a filthy cell, • In the language of the gods, and underneath, So is her modesty withall as great, 6 BLESSINGS.' I found the intrinsic value of To balk the envy of a princely seat.
NORRIS. this weight to be much greater than I imagined; for it overpowered health, wealth, good-fortune, AM wondersully pleased when I meet with and many other weights, which were much any passage in an old Greek or Latin author, more ponderous in my hand than the other. that is not blown upon, and which I have never · There is a saying among the Scotch, that an met with in a quotation. Of this kind is a beau. ounce of mother-wit is worth a pound of clergy; tiful saying in Theognis: “Vice is covered by I was sensible of the truth of this saying, when I
" wealth, and virtue by poverty,' or to give it in faw the difierence between the weight of natural the verbal translation, Among men there are parts, and that of learning. The observation
• some who have their vices concealed by wealth, which I made upon these two weights opened
" and others who have their virtues concealed by to me a new field of discoveries; for notwith poverty:! Every man's observation will supftanding the weight of natural parts was much ply him with instances of rích men, who have heavier than that of learning, I observed that it several faults and defects that are overlooked, if weighed an hundred times heavier than it did not entirely hidden, by means of their riches ; before, when I put learning into the same scale and, I think, we cannot find a more natural with it. I made the same observation upon faith description of a poor man, whose merits are loft and morality; for notwithstanding the latter in his poverty, than that in the words of the out-weighed the former separately, it received wife man. • There was a little city, and a few a thousand times more additional weight from
men within it: and there came a great king its conjunction with the former, than what it against it: and besieged it, and built great had by itself. This odd phenomenon Mewed it.
6 bulwarks against it: now there was found in felf in other particulars, as in wit and judgment, • it a poor wise man, and he, by his wifdom, philosophy and religion, justice and humanity, delivered the city; yet no man remembered zeal and charity, depth of sense, and perfpicuity
that same poor man. Then, said 1, wisdom is of stile, with innumerable other particulars too
better than Itrength; nevertheless, the poor Jong to be mentioned in this paper,
'man's wisdom is despised, and his words are As a dream seldom fails of dalhing feriousness
o not heard." with impertinence, mirth with gravity, me
The middle condition seems to be the most thought I made several other experiments of a advantageously situated for the gaining of wif. more ludicrous nature, by one of which I found dom. Poverty turns our thoughts too much that an English octavo was very often heavier upon the supplying of eur wants, and riches than a French folio; and by another, that an upon enjoying our superfluities; and as Cowley old Greek or Latin author weighed down a
has said in another case, “It is hard for a man whole library of moderns. Seeing one of my
' to keep a steady eye upon truth, who is always Speetators lying by me, I laid it into one of the • in a battle or a triumph." scales, and Aung a two-penny piece into the If we regard poverty. and wealth, as they are ast other. The reader will not enquire into the to produce virtues or vices in the mind of man, one event, if he remembers the first erial which I may observe that there is a set of each of these have recorded in this paper. I afterwards threw growing out of poverty, quite different from that both the sexes into the balance, but as it is not which rises out of wealth. Humility and patience, for my interest to disoblige either of them, I industry and temperance, are very often the good Thall desire to be excused from telling the result qualities of a poor man. Humanity and good-naof this experiment. Having an opportunity of ture, magnanimity and a sense of honour, are as, thiş nature in my hands, I could not forbear often the qualitications of the rich. On the con. throwing into one scale the principles of a Tory, trary, poverty is apt to betray a man into envy, and into the other those of a Whig; but as I riches into arrogance ; poverty is too often attended have all along declared this to be a neutral pan with fraud, vicious compliance, repining, murmurper, I shall likewise, desire to be filent under ing and discontent. Riches expose a man to pride this head also, though upon.examining one o anu luxury, Lovlih slatioa of heart, and two great
a fondness for the present world. In fort, the firmed by a pries of Jupiter, who enters with a middle condition is the most eligible to the man remonstrance, that since this late innovation he who would improve himself in virtue; as I have was reduced to a starving condition, and could not before sewn, it is the most advantageous for the live upon his office. Chremylus, who in the begaining of knowledge. It was upon this consider- ginning of the play was religious in his poverty, ation that Agur founded his prayer, which for the concludes it with a proposal which was relished wisdom of it is recorded in Holy Writ. ( Two by all the good men who were now grown rich as o things have I required of thee, deny me them well as himself, that they should carry Plutus o not before I die. Remove far from me vanity in a solemn procession to the Temple, and instal s and lies ; give 'me neither poverty nor riches; him in the place of Jupiter. This allegory in
feed me with food convenient for me : lest I structed the Athenians in two points, first, as it « be full and deny thee, and say, who is the Lord ? vindicated the conduct of Providence in its ordi
or left I be poor and feal, and take the name nary distributions of wealth; and in the next 6 of my God in vain.'
place, as it shewed the great tendency of riches to I shall fill the remaining part of my paper with corrupt the morals of those who poffeffed them. C a very pretty allegory, which is wrought into a play by Aristophanes the Greek comedian. It seems originally designed as a satire upon the rich, though in some parts of it, it is like the foregoing
N° 465. SATURDAY, AUGUST 23.
Qua ratione queas traducere leniter avum :
Ne te semper inops agitet vexetque cupido;
Hor. Ep. 18. 1. 1. V. 97.
CREECH. found by his own confession, that he was Plutus the god of riches, and that he was just come out
AVING endeavoured in my last Saturday's of the house of a miser. Plutus further told him, that when he was a boy, he used to declare, that I hall here consider what are the proper means of as soon as he came of age he would distribute strengthening and confirming it in the mind of wealth to none but virtuous and just men; upon
Those who delight in reading books of which Jupiter considering the pernicious conse- controversy, which are written on both sides of quences of such a resolution, took his fight away the question in points of faith, do very feldom arfrom him, and left him to ftroll about the world rive at a fixed and settled habit of it. They are in the blind condition wherein Chremylus be- one day entirely convinced of its important truths, held him. With much ado Chremylus prevailed and the next meet with something that shakes and upon him to go to his house, where he met an difturbs them. The doubt which was laid revives old woman in a tattered raiment, who had been again, and thews itself in new difficulties, and that his guest for many years, and whose name was generally for this reason, because the mind which Poverty. The old woman refusing to turn out so is perpetually tost in controversies and disputes, easily as he would have her, he threatened to is apt to forget the reasons which had once set it banith her not only from his own house, but out at reft, and to be disquieted with any former perof all Greece, if the made any more words about plexity, when it appears in a new shape, or is the matter. Poverty on this occasion pleads her started by a different hand. As nothing is more cause very notably, and represents to her old land- laudable than an enquiry after truth, so nothing lord, that should the be driven out of the country, is more irrational than to pass away our whole all their trades, arts and sciences would be driven lives, without determining ourselves one way or out with her; and that if every one was rich, other in those points which are of the last impor. they would never be supplied with those pomps, tance to us.
There are indeed many things from ornaments and conveniencies of life which made which we may withhold our affent; but in cases riches desirable. She likewise represented to him by which we are to regulate our lives, it is the the several advantages which she bestowed upo.' her greatest abfurdity to be wavering and unsettled, votaries in regard to their shape, their health and without closing with that fide which appears the their activity, by preserving them from gouts, moft safe and the most probable. The first rule dropsies, unwieldiness, and intemperance.
But therefore which I shall lay down is this, that whatever she had to say for herself, she was at last when by reading or discourse we find ourselves forced to troop off. Chremylus immediately con- thoroughly convinced of the truth of any article, fidered how he might restore Plutus to his fight; and of the reasonableness of our belief in it, we and in order to it, conveyed him to the temple of should never after suffer ourselves to call it into Æfculapius, who was famous for cures and mi- question. We may perhaps forget the arguments racles of this nature. By this means the deity which occafioned our conviction, but we ought to recovered his eyes and began to make a right use remember the Atrength they had with us, and of them, by enriching every one that was dif- therefore till to retain the conviction which they tinguished by piety towards the gods, and justice once produced. This is no more than what we towards men; and at the same time by taking do in every common art or science, nor is it pofaway his gifts fpom the impious and undeserving. lible to act otherwise, considering the weakness
IC This produces several merry incidents, till in the and limitation of our intellectual faculties. last act Mercury descends with great complaints was thus, that Latimer, one of the glorious army from the gads, that since the good men had grawn of martyrs, who introduced the reformation is rich they had received ng sacrifices, which is con.
England, behaved himself in that great confer-ence examples give' a kind of justification to our folly. which was managed between the most learned a In our retirements every thing dispoies us to be mong the protestants and papists in the reign of queen serious. In courts and cities we are entertained Mary. This venerable old man knowing how with the works of men; in the country with his abilities were impaired by age, and that it was
those of God. One is the province of art, the impoffible for him to recollect all those reasons other of nature. Faith and devotion naturally which had directed him in the choice of his re grow in the mind of every reasonable man, who ligion, left his companions, who were in the full fees the impressions of Divine Power and Wisdom pofleffion of their parts and learning, to battle and in every object, on which he calls his eye. The confound their antagonists by the force of reason. Supreme Being has made the best arguments for As for himself he only repeated to his adversaries his own existence, in the formation of the heathe articles in which he firmly believed ; and in
vens and the earth, and these are arguments the profession of which he was determined to die. which a man of sense cannot forbear attending to, It is in this manner the mathematician proceeds who is out of the noise and hurry of human afupon propofitions which he has once demonstrated; fairs. Aristotle says, that should a man live un. and though the demonstration may have fipt out der ground, and there converse with works of art of his memory, he builds upon the truth, be- and mechanism, and mould afterwards be brought cause he knows it was demonstrated. This rule up into the open day, and see the several glories is absolutely necessary for weaker minds, and in of the heaven and earth, he would immediately some measure for men of the greatest abilities; pronounce them the works of such a Being as we but to these last I would propose in the second define God to be. The Pfalmift has very beauplace, that they iliould lay up in their memories, tiful strokes of poetry to this purpose, in that exand always keep by them in readiness those ar- alted train : The heavens declare the glory of guments which appear to them of the greatest 6 God: and the firmament deweth his handystrength, and which cannot be got over by all the o work. One day telleth another : and one night doubts and cavils of infidelity.
& certifieth another. There is neither speech nor But, in the third place, there is nothing which ( language but their voices are heard among them. strengthens faith more than morality. Faith and .6. Their found is. gone out into ali lands; and morality naturally produce each other. A man is i their words into the ends of the 'world.” As quickly convinced of the truth of religion, who fuck a bold and sublime manner of thinking finds it not against his interest that it should be furnishes very noble matter for an ode, the reader true. The pleasure he receives at present, and the may see it wrought into the following one. happiness which he promises himself from it here. after, will both dispose him very powerfully to
1. give credit to it, according to the ordinary ob - The spacious firmament on high, servation that we may easly believe what we « With all the blue ethereal sky,
with. It is very certain, a man of sound rea And fpangled heavens, a shining frame, son cannot forbear closing with religion upon an « Their great original proclaim :. impartial examina-ion of it; but at the same « Thunwearied sun from day to day, time it is certain, that faith is kept alive in us, Does his Creator's power display, and gathers strength from practice more than from • And publishes to every land speculation.
· The work of an Almighty Hand. There is still another method which is more
II. persuasive than any of the former, and that is an . Soon as th' ev'ning thades prevail, habitual adoration of the Supreme Being, as well " The moon takes up the wondrous tale, in constant acts of mental worship, as in out • And nightly to the lift’ning earth 'ward forms. The devout man does not only Repeats the story of her birth : believe but feels there is a deity. He has actual • Whilf all the Itars that round her burn, Sensations of him; his experience concurs with And all the planets in their turn, his reason; he sees him more and more in all his • Confirm the tidings as they roll, intercourses with him, and even in this life al • And spread the truth from pole to pole. most loses his faith in conviction.
III. The last method which I fhall mention for the • What though, in folemn silence, all giving life to a man's faith, is frequent retire. • Move round the dark terrestrial ball? ment from the world, accompanied with reli < What tho' nor real voice nor found gious meditation. When a man thinks of any 6 Amid their radiant orbs be found? thing in the darkness of the night, whatever deep "In reason's ear they all rejoice, impressions it may make in his mind, they are And utter forth a glorious voice, apt to vanish as soon as the day breaks about him. • For ever singing, as they shine, 'The light and noise of the day, which are per * The hand that made us is divine." с petually soliciting his senses, and calling off his attention, wear out of his mind the choughts that imprinted themselves in it, with so much No 466. MONDAY, August 25. strength, during the filence and darkness of the night. A man finds the same difference as to -Vera incesu patuit dea. himself in a crowd and in a solitude : the mind
VIRG. Æn. I. V. 409. is stunned and dazzled amidA that variety of objects And by her graceful walk the queen of love is known. which prefs upon her in a great city. She can
DRYDIN. not apply herself to the confideration of those things which are of the utmost concern to her.
HEN Æneas, the hero of Virgil, is lost The cares and pleasures of the world strike in
in the wood, and a perfect itranger in - with every. Thought, and a multitude of vicious the place oa which he is 'landed, he is accosted
by a lady in a habit for the chace. She enquires * I caught her once, at eleven years old, at chuckof him, whether he has seen pass by that way any • farthing among the boys. This put me upon young woman dressed as the was? Whether the new thoughts about my child, and I deterwere following the sport in the wood, or any mined to place her at a boarding-school, and other way employed, according to the custom of at the same time gave a very discreet young huntresles? The hero answers with the respect gentlewoman her maintenance at the same due to the beautiful appearance she made; tells • place and rate, to be her companion. I took her, he saw no such person as she enquired for; little notice of my girl from time to time, but but intimates that he knows her to be one of the • saw her now and then in good health, out of deities, and desires she would conduct a Itranger. • harm's way, and was fatisfied. But by much Her form from her very firit appearance manifested importunity, I was lately prevailed with to go she was more than mortal; but though she was " to one of their balls. I cannot express to you the certainly a goddess, the poet does not make her • anxiety my filly heart was in, when I saw my known to be the goddess of Beauty till the mov. romp, now fifteen, taken out: I never felt the ed: "all the charms of an agreeable person are pangs of a father upon me so strongly in my then in their highest exertion, every limb and whole life before ; and. I could not have suffeature appears with its respective grace. It is fered more, had my whole fortune been at stake. from this observation, 'that I cannot help being My girl came on with the most becoming moso passionate an admirer as I am of good dancing. delty I had ever seen, and casting a respectful As all art is an imitation of nature this imitation eye, as if the feared me more than all the auof nature in its higheit excellence, and at a time dience, I gave a nod, which I think gave her when she is most agreeable, the business of dancing all the spirit she affumed upon it, but she rose is to display beauty, and for that reason all dif properly to that dignity of aspect. My romp, torcions and mimicries, as such, are what raise now the moft graceful person of her sex, alaversion initead of pleasure : but such things • sumed a majesty which commanded the highest that are in themselves excellent, are • respect ; and when she turned to me, and saw attended with imposture and false imitation. • my face in rapture, the fill into the prettiest Thus as in poetry there are laborious fools smile, and I saw in all her motions that the who write anagrams and acrostics, there are • exulted in her father's satisfaction. You Mr. pretenders in dancing, who think merely to do • Spectator, will, better than I can tell you, what others cannot, is to excel. Such creatures o imagine to yourself all the different beauties should be rewarded like him who had acquired ( and changes of aspect in an accomplished young a knack of throwing a grain of corn through the woman, setting forth all her beauties with a eye of a needle, with a bushel to keep his hand • design to please no one so much as her father. in use. The dancers on our stage are very faulty My girl's lover can never know half the fatif. in this kind; and what they mean by writhing 'faction that I did in her that day. I could not themselves into such postures, as it would be a • pofsibly have imagined, that so great improvepain for any of the spectators to stand in, and yet ment could have been wrought by an art that hope to please those spectators, is unintelligible. I always held in itself ridiculous and contempMr. Prince has a genius, if he were encouraged, « tible. There is, I am convinced, no method would prompt him to better things. In all the « like this, to give young women a sense of their dances he invents, you see he keeps close to the own value and dignity; and I am sure there characters he represents. He does not hope to o can be none so expeditious to communicate please by making his performers move in a man " that value to others. As to the flippant inner in which no one else ever did, but by inotions • sipidly gay and wantonly forward, whom you proper to the characters he' represents. He gives
• behold among dancers, that carriage is more to to clowns and lubbards clumsy graces, that is, he be attributed to the perverse genius of the permakes them practise what they would think graces: • formers, than imputed to the art itself. For And I have seen dances of his, which might give my part, my child has danced herself into my hints that would be useful to a comic writer. These esteem, and I have as great an honour for her performances have pleased the taste of fúch as • as ever I had for her mother, from whom she have not reflexion enough to know their excel.
derived those latent good qualities which aplence, because they are in nature; and the dif peared in her countenance when she was dancing; torted motionis of others have offended those, who ' for my girl, though I say it myself, Thewed in could not form reasons to themselves for their ( one quarter of an hour the innate principles of difpleasure, from their being a contradiction to
a modest virgin, a tender wife, a generous
friend, a kind mother, and an indulgent misnature.
When one considers the inexpreslible advantage 6 tress. I will strain hard but I will purchase there is in arriving at fone excellence in this art, for her an husband suitable to her merit. I am it is monstrous to behold it so much neglected. your convert in the admiration of what I thought The following letter has' in it fomething very you jested when you recommended ; and if you natural on this subject. ?!!
pleale to be at my house on Thursday next, • Mr. Spettator,
I make a ball for my daughter, and you shall see AM a widower with but one daughter; fhe her dance, or if you will do me that honour,
was by nature much inclined to be`a romp, $ dance with her. " and I had no way of educating her, but com
Sir, your most humble fervant, "'manding a young woman, whom I entertained
PHILIPATER, to take care of her. I am a man of business, obliged to be much abroad. The neighbours
I have some time ago spoken of a treatise writ• have told me, that in my absence our maid has
ten by Mr. Weaver on this subject, which is now, I let in the spruce servants in the neighbourhood I understand ready to be published. This work
tojunketings, while my girl played and romped lets this matter in a very plain and advantageous even in the street. Toʻtell you the plain truch
light; and I am convinced from it, that if the distinguishes mankind from the inferior creaart was under proper regulations, it would be a tion. The Supreme. Being himself is most mechanic way of implanting insensibly in minds, pleased with praise and thanksgiving; the other not capable of receiving it fo well by any other part of our duty is but an acknowledgment of rules, a sense of good breeding and virtue. our faults, whilst this is the immediate adora
Were any one to see Mariamne dance, let him tion of his perfections. It was an excellent obo be never fo sensual a brute, I defy him to enter. fervation, that we then only despise commendatain any thoughts but of the highest respect and tion when we cease to deserve it : and we have esteem towards her. I was thewed last week a Itill extant two orations of Tully and Pliny, picture in a lady's closet, for which the had an spoken to the greatest and best princes of all the hundred different dresses, that the could clap on Roman emperors, who, no doubt, heard with round the face, on purpose to demonstrate the the greatest satisfaction, what even the most disinforce of habits in the diversity of the same coun- terested persons, and at fo large a distance of tenance. Motion, and change of posture and at time, cannot read without admiration. Cæfar pect, has an effect no less surprising on the person thought his life consisted in the breath of praise, of Mariamne when the dances.
when he professed he had lived long enough for Chloe is extremely pretty, and as filly as she himself when he had for his glory. Others have is pretty. This idiot has a very good ear, and a sacrificed themselves for a name which was not molt agreeable thape ; but the folly of the thing to begin till they were dead, giving away themis such, that it smiles fo impertinently, and af selves-to purchale a found which was not to comfects to please fo fillily, that while she dances, mence till they were out of hearing : but by. you see the fimpleton from head to foot.
For merit and fuperior excellencies not only to gain, you must know as trivial (as this art is thought but, whilft living, to enjoy a great and universal to be) no cne ever was a good dancer, that had reputation, is the last degree of happiness which not a good understanding. If this be a truth, we can hope for here. Bad characters are disI thall leave the reader to judge from that max- persed abroad with profusion, I hope for example im, what esteem they ought to have for such im- fake, and (as punishments are deligned by the pertinents as fly, hop, caper, tumble, twirl, turn civil power) more for the deterring the innocent, round, and jump over their heads, and in a word, than the chastising the guilty. The good are less play a thousand pranks which many animals can frequent, whether it be that there are indeed do better than a man, instead of performing to fewer originals of this kind to copy after, or perfection what the human figure only is capable that, through the malignity of our nature, we of performing
rather delight in the ridicule than the virtues we it may perhaps appear odd, that I, who set up find in others. However it is but just, as well for a mighty lover, at least, of virtue, should take as pleasing, even for variety, sometimes to give so much pains to recommend what the foberer the world a representation of the bright side of part of mankind look upon to be a trifle; but human nature, as well as the dark and gloomy : under favour of the foberer part of mankind, I the desire of imitation may, perhaps, be a greater think they have not enough confidered this mat- incentive to the practice of what is good, than ter, and for that reason only disesteem it. I must the averfion we may conceive at what is blamealto, in my own juftification, say, that I attempt able; the one immediately directs you what you to bring into the service of honour and virtue thould do, whilst the other only thews you what every thing in nature that can pretend to give you thould avoid : and I cannot at present do this elegant delight. It may posibly be proved, that with more satisfaction, than by endeavouring to vice is in itself destructive of pleasure, and vir- do some justice to the character of Manilius. tue in itself conducive to it. If the delights of
It would far exceed my present defign, to give a free fortune were under proper regulations, a particular description of Manilius through all this truth would not want much argument to the parts of his excellent life : I shall now only support it ; but it would be obvious to every draw him in his retirement, and pass over in fiman, that there is a strict affinity between all lence the various arts, the courtly manners, and things that are truly laudable and beautiful, from the undefigning honesty by which he attained the the highest sentiments of the soul, to the most in- honours he has enjoyed, and which now give a different gesture of the body,
I dignity and veneration to the ease he does enjoy.
It is here that he looks back with pleasure on the waves and billows through which he has
Ateered to so fair an haven; he is now intent N° 467. TUESDAY, AUGUST 26.
upon the practice of every virtue, which a great Quodcunque meæ poterunt audere Camæne,
knowledge and use of mankind has discovered Seu tibi par poterunt ; seu, quod spes abnuit ultrà;
to be the most useful to them. Thus in his Sive minus ; certeque canent minus : omne vodemus
private domestic enployments he is no less gloHoc tibi ; né tanto carcat mibi nomine charta."
rious than in his public; for it is in reality a TIBULL. ad Meffalam, Eleg. 1. 1. i. v. 24.
more difficult task to be conspicuous in a seden
tary inactive life, than in one that is spent in Whate'er my muse advent'rous dares indite, hurry and business ; 'perfons engaged in the latWhether the niceness of thy piercing fight ter, like bodies violently agitated, from the swiftApplaud my lays, or censure what I writę; ness of their motion have a brightness added to To thee I fing, and hope to borrow fame, them, which often vanishes when they are at reft ; By adding to my page Messala's name,
but if it then still remain, it must be the feeds of
intrinsic, worth that thus thine out without any HE love of praise is a passion deeply fixed in the foreign aid or assistance.
mind of every extraordinary person, and His liberality in another might almost bear those who are most affected with it, leem molt the naine of profufion ; he seems to think it to pastake of that particle of the divinity, which 4 udable even in the excefs, like that river which