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versation. The Governiori despairing of success N° 49. TUESDAY, SEPT. 23. by ordinary means, apprehended and imprisoned
her husband, under pretence of an information -Digna fatis fortuna revista
that he was guilty of a correspondence with the VIRG. Æn, 3. v. 318. enemies of the Duke to betray the town into A just reverse of fortune on him waits,
their poffeffion. This design had its desired ef.
fect ; and the wife of the unfortunate Danvelt, T is common with me to run from book to the day before that which was appointed for his
book, to exercise my mind with many ob- execution, presented herself in the hall of the jects, and qualify myself for my daily labours. Governor's houle, and as he passed through the After an hour spent in this loitering way of apartment, threw herself at his feet, and holding reading, something will remain to be food to the his knees, befeeched his mercy. Rhynfault beimagination. The writings that please me most held her with a diffembled fatisfaction, and alon luch occasions are stories, for the truth of suming an air of thought and authority, he bid which there is good authority. The mind of her arise, and told her me must follow him to man is naturally a lover of justice, and when his closet; and asking her whether the knew the we read a story wherein a criminal is overtaken, hand of the letter he pulled out of his pocket, in whom there is no quality which is the object went from her, leaving this admonition aloud, of pity, the foul enjoys a certain revenge for the 66 If you will save your husband, you must give offence done to its nature, in the wicked action's me an account of all you know without precommitted in the preceding part of the history. of varisation ; for every body is fatisfied he was This will be better understood by the reader “too fond of you to be able to hide from you from the following narration itself, than from “ the names of the rest of the confpirators, or, any thing which I can say to introduce it. 5 any other particulars whatsoever." He went
to his closet, and foon after the lady was sent named The Bold, reigned over spacious tance when matters of state were to be debated ; dominions now (wallowed up by the power of and the Governor laying aside the air with which France, he heaped many favours and honours he had appeared in public, began to be the rupupon Claudius Rhynsault, a German, who had plicant, to rally an affliction, which it was in served him in his wars against the insults of his her power easily to remove, and relieve an innoneighbours. A great part of Zealand was at cent man from his imprisonment. She easily that time, in subjection to that Dụkedom. The perceived his intention, and bathed in tears, Prince himself was a person of tingular humanity began to. deprecate so wicked a design. Luft, and justice. Rhynfault, with no other real like ambition, takes all the faculties of the mind quality than courage, had disimulation enough and body into its service and subjection. Her .' to pass upon his generous and unsuspicious becoming tears, her honest anguish, the wringmaster for a person of blunt honesty and fidelity; ing of her hands, and the many changes of her without any vice that could bias him from the posture and figure in the vehemence of speaking, execution of justice. His highness preposieffed were but so many attitudes in which he beheld to his advantage, upon the deceafe of the go- her beauty, and farther incentives of his desire. vernor of his chief town of Zealand, gave Rhyn- All humanity was lost in that one appetite, and fault that command. He was not long seated in he signified to her in so many plain terms, that that government, before he cast his eyes upon he was unhappy until he had possessed her, and Sapphira, a woman of exquisite beauty, the nothing less should be the price of her husband's wife of Paul Danvelt, a wealthy merchant of the life ; and the must, before the following noon, city under his protection and government. Rhyna pronounce the death or enlargement of.Danvelt. sault was a man of a warm constitution, and After this notification, when he saw Sapphira violent inclination to women, and not unskilled enough again distracted to make the subject of in the soft arts which win their favour. He their discourse to common eyes appear different knew what it was to enjoy the satisfactions from what it was, he called servants to conduct which are reaped from the poffeflion of beauty, · her to the gate. Loaded with insupportable af. but was an utter stranger to the decencies, fiction, the immediately repairs to her husband, honours, and delicacies, that attend the passion and having signified to his gaolers, that the had towards them in elegant minds. However, he a proposal to make to her husband from the had ro inuch of the world, that he had a great Governor, she was left alone with him, revealed fare of the language which usually prevails upon to him all that had passed, and represented the The weaker part of that fex, and he could with endless conflict she was in between love to his his tongue utter a paflion with which his heart person and fidelity to his bed. It is easily to was wholly untouched. He was one of those imagine the sharp affliction this honest pair was brutal minds which can be gratified with the in upon such an incident, in lives not used to violation of innocence and beauty without the any but ordinary occurrences. The man was leait pity, passion, or love to that with which they bridled by Mame from speaking what his fear are so much delighted. Ingratitude is a vice promj"ed, upon so near an approach of death; inseparable from a luftfut man; and the pof- but let fall words that signified to her he should session of a woman by him who has no thought not think her polluted, though we had not yet but allaying a pallion painful to himself, is ne confessed to him that the Governor had violated ceffarily fo.lowed by distaste and aversion. Rhyn- her person, since he knew her will had no part fault being resolved to accomplish his will on the in the action. She parted from him with this wife of Danvelt, left no arts untried to get into a oblique permission to save a life he had not refamiliarity at her house; but she knew his cha. folution enough to resign for the safety of his racter and disposition too well, not to thun all honour. occasions that might ensnare her into his con
« not be an interruption to the fiecare haienne Age
, and undo
affure you, a maid of un
The next morning the unhappy Sapphira attended the Governor, and being led into a re- No 492. WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 24. mote apartment, submitted to his defires. Rhynfault commended her charms, claimed a fami Quicquid eft bonimeris, levitate extinguitur. liarity after what had passed between them, and
SENECA. with an air of gaiety in the language of a gallant, bid her return, and take her husband out of pri:
Levity of behaviour is the bane of all that is fon : “ But, continued he, my Fair one must not
good and virtuous. « be offended that I have taken care he should Dear Mr. Spectators Tunbridge, Sept. 18.
CAM: a young of « tions." The last words foreboded wha found when she came to the gaol, her husband spotted reputation, founded upon a very careexecuted by the order of Rhynsault.
ful carriage in all my looks, words, and ac. It was remarkable that the woman, who was tions. At the same time I muft own to you, full of tears and lamentations during the whole that it is with much constraint to feth and course of her affliction, uttered neither sigh nor blood that my behaviouris so strictly irreproachcomplaint, but stood fixed with grief at this • able; for I am naturally addicted to mirth, confummation of her misfortunes. She betook to gaiety, to a free air, to motion and gadherself to her abode, and after having in solitude ding. Now what gives me a great deal of paid her devotions to him who is the avenger anxiety, and is fome discouragement in the of innocence, the repaired privately to court. pursuit of virtue, is, that the young women Her person, and a certain grandeur of sorrow who run into greater freedoms with the men negligent of forms, gained her paffage into the are more taken notice of than I am. The men presence of the Duke her sovereign. As soon as
are such unthinking fots, that they do not The came into the presence, the broke forth into
prefer her who restrains all her passions and the following words : “ Behold, O mighty ' affections, and keeps much within the bounds « Charles, a wretch weary of life, though it has o of what is lawful, to her who goes to the " always been spent with innocence and virtue !
' utmolt verge of innocence, and parleys at the “ It is not in your power to redress my injuries," very brink of vice, whether the ihall be a wife or but it is to avenge them. And if the protec or a mistress. But I must appeal to your spec«. tion of the distressed, and the punishment of tätorial wisdom, who, I find, have passed very « oppressors, is a task worthy a Prince, I bring much of your time in the study of woman, K the Duke of Burgundy ample matter for doing, whether this is not a moft unreasonable proo honour to his own great name, and wiping • ceeding. I have read somewhere that Hobbes « infamy off from mine."
6 of Malmesbury afferts, " that continent perWhen she had spoke this, she delivered the
“ fons have more of what they contain, than Duke a paper, reciting her story. He read it
or those who give a loose to their desires." (ACwith all the emotions that indignation and pity
cording to this rule, let there be equal age, could raise in a Prince, jealous of his honour in
o equal wit, and equal good-humour, in the the behaviour of his officers, and prosperity of woman of prudence, and her of liberty; what his subjects.
stores has he to expect, who takes the former ? Upon an appointed day, Rhynsault was fent
o what refuse muft he be contented with, who for to court, and in the presence of a few of the
o chooses the latter? Well, but I sat down to council, confronted by Sapphira : the Prince write to you to vent my indignation against<< alking, “Do you know that lady?" Rhyn- . several pert creatnres, who are addressed to fault, as soon as he could recover his surprize, 6 and courted in this place, while poor I, and told the Duke he would marry her, if his High- two or three like me, are wholly unregarded. ness would please to think that a reparation. Every one of these affect gaining the hearts The Duke feemed contented with this answer, © of your sex: this is generally attempted by and stood by during the immediate solemnization
' particular manner of carrying themselves with of the ceremony. At the conclusion of it he
« familiarity. Glycera has a dancing walk, and told Rhynsault, ". Thus far you have done as
( keeps time in her ordinary gait. Chloe, her o constrained by my authority: I shall not be after, who is unwilling to interrupt her con6 satisfied of your kind usage of her, without you
quests, comes into the room before her with « sign a gift of your whole estate to her after
a famíliar run. Dulciffa 'takes advantage of * “ your decease." To the performance of this
the approach of the , winter, and has introalso the Duke was a witncís. When these two
duced a very pretty thiver : closing up her acts were executed, the Duke turned to the lady, Toulders, and thrinking as the moves. All and told her, it now remains for me to put you
" that are in this mode' carry their fans between in quiet poffeffion of what your husband has so • both hands before them. Duloista herself, who bountifully bestowed on you; and ordered the is author of this air, adds the pretty run to it; immediate execution of Rhynfault.
Ti and has also, when she is in very good humour,
a taking familiarity in throwing herfelf into " the lowest feat in the room, and letting her • hooped petticoats fall with a lucky decency
about her. I know the practises this way of ' fitting down in her chamber 3 and indeed the • does it as well as you may have feen an actrefs • fall down dead in a tragedy. Not the least in. • degency in her posture." If you have obferved "what pretty carcasses are carried off at the end • of a verse at the theatre, it will give you' *
• notion how Dulciffa plumps into a chair. lisp, can trip, can loll, can start, can blush, • Here is a little country girl that is very cun can rage, can weep, if I must do it, and can ning, that makes her use of being young
be frighted as agreeably as any lhe in England. and unbred, and outdoes the insnarers, who
All which is humbly submitted to your specare almost twice her age. The air that he
• tatorial consideration with all humility, by ' takes is to come into company after a walk,
(Your most humble servant, 6 and is very successfully out of treath upon oc
“ Matilda Mohair.'
T ' casion. Her mother is in the secret, and calls 'heroromp, and then looks round to see what young men ftare at her,
N° 493. THURSDAY, SEPT. 25. ' It would take up more than can come into one of your papers, to enumerate all the par Qualem commendes etiam atque etiam adfpice, ne • ticular airs of the younger company in this • place. But I cannot omit Dulceorella, whose Incutiant aliena tibi peccata pudorem. manner is the most indolent imaginable, but
Hor. Ep. 18.1. 1. v. 76. • ftill as watchful of conquest as the busieft virgin among us. She has a peculiar art of
Commend not, till a man is thoroughly
known : staring at a young fellow, till the fees she has got him, and inflamed him by so much obser
A rascal prais'd, you make his faults your own. vation. When the fees she has him, and he begins to toss his head upon it, she is immedi T is no unpleasant matter of speculation to ately sort-sighted, and labours to observe consider the recommendatory epiftles that what he is at a distance with her eyes half pass round this town from hand to hand, and the Thut. Thus the captive, that thought her firft abuse people put upon one another in that kind.
ftruck, is to make very near approaches, or It is indeed come to that pars, that instead of • be wholly disregarded. This artiñce has done being the testimony of merit in the person re
more execution than all the ogling of the rest commended, the true reading of a letter of this of the women here, with the utmost variety fort is, “ The bearer hereof is so uneasy to me, of half glances, attentive heedletiness, childish “ that it will be an act of charity in you to inadvertencies, haughty contempts, or artifi “ take him off my hands; whether you prefer cial oversights. After I have said thus much “ him or not, it is all one, for I have no manof ladies among us who fight thus regularly, ner of kindness for him, or obligation to him I am to complain to you of a set of familiar or his; and do what you please as to that." romps, who have broken through all common As negligent as men are in this respect, a point rules, and have thought of a very effectual of honour is concerned in it; and there is no. way of shewing more charms than all of us, thing a man mhould be more athamed of, than These, Mr. Speftator, are the swingers. , You palling a worthless creature into the service or are to know these careless pretty creatu res are interests of a man who has never injured you. very innocents again; and it is to be no mat- The women indeed are a little too keen in their ter what they do, for it is all harmless free. resentments, to trespass often this way; but you dom. They get on ropes, as you have seen thall fometimes know that the mistress and the the children, and are swung by their men vi. maid Tall quarrel, and give each other very sitants. The jest is, that Mr. Such-atone free language, and at last the lady thall be pacan name the colour of Mrs. Such-a-one's cified to turn her out of doors, and give her a stockings : and the tells him he is a lying very good word to any body else. Hence it is
thief, fo he is, and full of roguery; and she that you see, in a year and half's time, the same • will lay a wager, and her sister thall tell the face a domeitic in all parts of the town. Good• truth, if the says right, and he cannot tell breeding and good-nature lead people in a great
what colour her garters are of. In this di- measure to this injustice: when suitors of no • version there are very many pretty Thrieks, confideration will have confidence enough to
not so much for fear of falling, as that their press upon their fuperiors, those in power are • petticoats should untye: for there is a great tender of speaking the exceptions they have
care had to avoid improprieties : and the 'lo- against them, and are mortgaged into promises ver who swings the lady, is to tye her clothes out of their impatience of importunity.' In this
very close with his hatband, before the admits latter case, it would be a very ufeful inquiry to • him to throw up her heels.
know the history of recommendations ; there Now, Mr. Spectator, except you can note are, you must know, certain abettors of this these wantonnesses in their beginnings, and way of torment, who make it a profession to bring us sober girls into observation, there is manage the affairs of candidates; these gentie
no help for it, we must swim with the tide; men let out their impudence to their clients, 'the coquettes are too powerful a party for us. and supply any defective recommendation, by • To look into the merit of a regular and well- informing how such and such a man is to be • behaved woman is a now thing. A loose tri- attacked. They will tell you, get the least vial song gains the affections, when a wise scrap from Mr. Such-a-one, and leave the rest "homily is not attended to. There is no other to them. When one of these undertakers has way but to make war upon them, or we must your business in hand, you may be fick, absent go over to them. As for my part, I will thew in town or country, and the patron Mall be all the world it is not for want of charms that worried, or you prevail. I remember to have
I stand so long unasked : and if you do not been thewn a gentleman some years ago, wlio • take measures for the immediate redress of us punished a whole people for their facility in giv
rigids, as the fellows call us, I can move with ing their credentials. This person had belonga speaking mien, can look significantly,, can ed to a regiment wh.ch did duty in the West
Indies, and by the mortality of the place hape to comply with what is asked ; all which are
TO CLAUDIUS NERO.
is very well acquainted with the place you general good-liking of people of all conditions in the colony.
are pleased to allow me in your friendship. The gentleman returns for
For when he beseeches me to recommend him England, and within a few months after came
' to your notice, in such a manner as to be reback to them their Governor on the strength ceived by you, who are delicate in the choice of their own testimonials.
of your friends and domeftics, he knows our Such a rebuke as this cannot indeed happen intimacy, and understands my ability to serve to easy recommenders, in the ordinary course of
him better than I do myself.' I have defended things from one hand to another ; but how
I myself against his ambition to be yours, as would a man bear to have it said to him, the
long as I possibly could; but fearing the impuperson I took into confidence on the credit you ( tation of hiding my power in you cut of gave him, has proved false, unjust, and has
mean and selfish considerations, I am at last not answered any way the character you gave
prevailed upon to give you this trouble. Thus, me of him? I cannot but conceive very good hopes of
to avoid the appearance of a greater fault, I
' have put on this confidence. If you can forthat rake Jack Toper of the Temple, for an ho.
give this transgression of modesty in behalf of nest scrupulousness in this point. A friend of
a friend, receive this gentleman into your inhis meeting with a servant that had formerly
terests and friendhip, and take it from me lived with Jack, and having a mind to take " that he is an honest and a brave man." T him, sent to him to know what faults the fellow had, since he could not please such a carelers fellow as he was. His answer was as fol. lows :
FRIDAY, Sept. 26.
Ægritudinem laudare, unam rem maximè detefte
abilem, quorum eft tandem philosophorum ? because he was too good for me. You • know I live in taverns; he is an orderly fober
What kind of philosophy is it to extol me• rascal, and thinks much to seep in an entry lancholy, the most deteftable thing in nature? « until two in the morning.
He told me one • day when he was dressing me, that he won. BOUT an age ago it was the fashion in o dered I was not dead before now, since I
went to dinner in the evening, and went to thought religious, to throw as much fanctity as. supper at two in the morning. We were possible into his face, and in particular to abitain coming down Effex-Street one night a little from all appearances of mirth and pleasantry, flustered, and I was giving him the word to which were looked upon as the marks of a r alarm the watch; he had the imprudence to carnal mind. The, saint was of a sorrowful • tell me it was against the law. You that are countenance, and generally eaten up with spleen • married, and live one day after another the and melancholy. A gentleman, who was lately • same way, and so on the whole week, I dare a great ornament to the learned world, has die . say wil: like him, and he will be glad to have verted me more than once with an account of
his meat in due season, The fellow is cer the reception which he met with from a very stainly very honest. My service to your lady. famous independent minister, who was head of
"Your's, J. T.' a college in those times. This gentleman was
then a young adventurer in the republic of letNow this was very fair dealing. Jack knew ters, and just fitted out for the university with very well, that though the love of order made a good cargo of Latin and Greek. His friends a man yery awkward in his equipage, it was a were resolved that he should try his fortune at valuable quality among the queer people who an election which was drawing near in the col. live by rule ; and had too much good-fense and lege, of which the independent minister whom good-nature to let the fellow starve, because he i have before mentioned was governor. The was not fit to attend his vivacities.
youth, according to custom, waited on him in I shall end this discourse with a letter of re. order to be examined. He was received at the commendation from Horace to Claudius Nero. door by a fervant, who was one of that gloomy You will see in that letter a nowness to ask a generation that were then in fashion.
He confavour, a strong reason for being unable to de. ducted him, with great filence and seriousness, ny his good word any longer, and that it is a to a long gallery, which was darkened at noon service to the person to whom he recommends, day, and had only a single candle burning in it.
E € 2
After a short stay in this melancholy apartment, from a religious life, by representing it as an he was led into a chamber hung with black, unsociable itate, that extinguishes all joy and where he entertained himself for some time by gladness, darkens the face of nature, and dethe glimmering of a taper, until at length the stroys the relish of being itself, head of the college came out to him, from an I have, in former papers, mewn how great a inner room, with half a dozen night-caps upon tendency there is to chearfulness in religion, and his head, and religious horror in his countenance. how such a frame of mind is not only the most The young man trembled; but his fears increa- lovely, but the most commendable in a virtu. ed, when instead of being asked what progress he ous person. In short, those who represent relihad made in learning, he was examined how he gion in so unamiable a light, are like the spies abounded in grace. His Latin and Greek stood sent by Moses to make a discovery of the land him in little stead; he was to give an account of Promise, when by their reports they discou. only of the fate of his soul : whether he was raged the people from entering upon it. Those of the number of the elect; what was the oc who thew us the joy, the chearfulness, the casion of his conversion ; upon what day of the good humour, that naturally spring up in this month, and hour of the day it happened; happy state, are like the spies bringing along how it was carried on, and when completed with them the clusters of grapes, and delicious The whole examination was summed up with fruits, that might invite their companions into one short question, namely, “ Whether he was the pleasant country which produced them. “ prepared for death ?" The boy, who had An eminent pagan writer has made a discourse been bred up hy hóneft parents, was frighted to shew that the atheist, who denies a God, out of his wits at the solemnity of the pro- does him less dishonour than the man who owns ceeding, and by the last dreadful interrogatory; his being, but at the same time believes him so that upon making his escape out of this house to be cruel, hard to please, and terrible to hu. of mourning, he could never be brought a fe man nature. For my own part, says he, I cond time to the examination, as not being able would rather it should be raid of me, that there to go through the terrors of it
was never any such man as Plutarch, than that Notwithstanding this general form and out Plutarch was ill-natured, capricious, or inhuIde of religion is pretty well worn out among mane, us, there are many persons, who, by, a natural If we may believe our logicians, man is dise unchcarfulness of heart, mistaken notions of tinguished from all other creatures by the faz piety, or weakness of understanding, love to in- culty of laughter. He has a heart capable of dulge this uncomfortable way of life, and give mirth, and naturally disposed to it. It is not up themselves a prey to grief and melancholy, the business of virtue to extirpate the affections Superstitious fears and groundless fcruples cut of the mind, but to regulate them. them off from the pleasures of conversation, moderate and restrain, but was not designed to and aļl those social entertainments which are banih gladness from the heart of man. Relinot only innocent, but laudable : as if mirth gion contracts the circle of our pleasures, but was made for reprobates, and chearfulness of leaves it wide enough for her votaries to expatiate heart denied those who are the only persons in. The contemplation of the divine Being, that have a proper title to it.
and the exercise of virtue, are in their own naSombrius is one of these sons of sorrow. He ture so far from excluding all gladness of heart, thinks himself obliged in duty to be sad and that they are perpetual sources of it. In a word, disconfolate. He looks on a sudden fit of laugh- the true spirit of religion cheers, as well as com ter as a breach of his baptismal vow. An in- poses the foul: it banishes indeed all levity of nocent jest startles him like blafphemy. Tell behaviour, all vicious and diffolute mirth, but him of one who is advanced to a title of honour, in exchange fills the mind with a perpetual se. he lifts up his hands and eyes ; describe a pub- renity, uninterrupted chearfulness, and an ha. lic çeremony, he thakes his head; few him a bitual inclination to pleasę others, as well as to gay equipage, he blesses himself. All the little be pleased in itself, ornaments of life are pomps and vanities, Mirth is wanton, and wit profane. He is scandalized at youth for being lively, and at childhood for being playful. He fits at a christening, No 495. SATURDAY, SEPT. 27, or marriage-feaft, as at a funeral; fighs at the conclusion of a merry story, and grows devoủ đ Duris ut ilex tonfa bipennibus when the rest of the company grow pleasant, Nigræ feraci frondis in algido, After all, Sombrius is a religious man, and Per damna, per cædes, ab ipfa would have behaved himself very properly, had
Ducit opes animumque ferro. he lived when Christianity was under a general
Hor. Od. 4. 1. 4. ver. 57 persecution.
I would by no means presume tà tax such - Like an oak on some cold mountain's brow, characters with hypocrisy, as is done too fre, At ev'ry wound they sprout and grow : quently; that being a vice which I think none The axe and sword new vigour give, þut he, who knows the secrets of men's hearts, And by their ruins they revive.
Anota Mould pretend to discover in another, where the proofs of it do not amount to a demon
S I am one, who, by my profession, am stration. On the contrary, as there are many excellent persons, who are weigbed down by there are none whom I consider with fo much this habitual forrow of heart, they rather des pleasure, as those who have any thing new or ferve ouț compassion than our reproaches, [extraordinary in their characters, or ways of think, howeyer, they would do well to consider living. For this reason I have often amused mywhether such a behaviour does not deter men self with speculations on the race of people call
A . ",