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very old, and by the course of nature could
not expect to live long; and that to thew her No 500. FRIDAY, OCTOBER 3.

tender regard for mim, me had saved that ' which the poor man loved better than his life.

kui nutas adjice septem, • The next came towards us with her fon upon

Et totidem juvenes ; 10x gencro que nurusque : her back, who,' we were told, was the greatest Quærite nunc, babeat quam noftra fuperbia carsam. ' rake in the place, but so much the mother's

Ovid. Mér. 1. 6. yer, 182. darling, that ine left her husband behind with

a large family of hopeful fons and daughters, Seven are my daughters of a form divine, " for the sake of this graceless youth.

With seven fair fons, and indefective line. • It would be endless to mention the several Go, foois, consider this, and ask the cause, persons, with their several loads, that appeared From which my pride its strong presumption to me in this strange vision. All the place

draws. ( about me was covered with packs of ribbons,

Croxal. brocadis, embroidery, and ten thousand other

ISIR, materials, sufficient to have furnished a whole • Itreet of toy-shops. One of the women, hav

Ou, who are so well acquainted with ring a huíbard, who was none of the heaviest,

the story of Socrates, must have read I was bringing him eff upon her shoulders, at

how, ypon his making a discourse concerning the same time that the carrried a great bundle

love, he preised his point with so much fuc• of Flanders-lace under her arm ; but finding

cels, that all the bachelors in his audience 6 herself fo

I took a resolution to marry by the first opover loaden, that she could not « save both of thein, the dropped the good man,

portunity, and that all the married men im" and brought away the bundle. In short, I

mediately took horse and galloped home to found but one husband among this great

! their wives. I am apt to think your discourses, mountain of baggage, who was a lively cob

' in which you have drawn so many agreeable ler, that kicked and spurred all the while his

• pictures of marriage, have had a very good ef6 wife was carrying hiin on, and, as it was

I feet this way in England. We are obliged to said, had scarce passea a day in his life without

you, at least, for having taken off that senseless 6 giving her the discipline of the strap.

( ridicule, which, for many years the witlings "I cannot conclude my letter, dear Spec,

of the town have turned upon their fathers { without telling thee one very odd whim in this

• and mothers. For my own part, I was born my dream. I saw, methought, a dozen wo

in wedlock, and I do not care who knows it : men employed in bringing off one man : I

' for which reason, among many others, I • could not guess who it should be, until upon

should look upon myself as a most insufferable • his nearer approach I discovered thy short

I coxcomb, did I endeavour to maintain that phiz. The women all declared that it was

cuckoldom was inseparable from marriage, < for the sake of thy works, and not thy per

or to make use of husband and wife as terms « son, that they brought thee off, and that it

of reproach. Nay, Sir, I will go one step was on condition that thou Mouldit continue

' further, and declare to you before the whole the Spectator. If thou thinkest this dream

' world, that I am a married man, and at the

< same time I have so much assurance as not to will make a tolerable one, it is at thy fer

( be ashamed of what I have done. vice, from, ! Dear Sper,

' Among the several pleasures that accom! Thine, sleeping and waking,

pany this state of life, and which you have Will Iloneycomb.

described in your former papers, there are

two you have not taken notice of, and The ļadies will see, by this letter, what I

" which are seldom cast into the account, by have often told them, that Will is one of these

I those who write on this subject. You must old fashioned men of wit and pleafure of the

have observed, in your speculations on human town, that shows his parts by raillery on mar

' nature, that nothing is more gratifying to riage, and one who has often tried his fortune that

• the mind of man than power or dominion; way without success. I cannot however dismiss

" and this I think myself amply possessed of, as this letter, without observing, that the true

"I am the father of a family. I am perpetustory on which it is built does honour to the

ally taken up in giving out orders, in prefex, and that in order to abuse then, the

scribing duties, in hearing parties, in admi. writer is obliged to have recourse to dream and

. nistering justice, and in distributing rewards Bezion.

and punishments. To speak in the language

of the Centurion," I say unto one, go, and “ he goeth ; and to another come, and he cometli; and to my servant, do this, and he « doeth it." In short, Sir, I look upon my

family as a patriarchal sovereignty, in which "I am myself both King and Priest. All great

governments are nothing else but clusters of • these little private royalties, therefore I consi

der the masters of families as small deputy

governors presiding over the several little par• čels and divisions of their fellow-subjects. As I take great pleasure in the adminiftration of ! my government in particular, so I look upon

mytelf not only as a more useful, but as a pruch greater and happier man than any


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bachelor in England, of my rank and condi a single man, you will not know the mean

'ing of it, and probably throw it into the fire : ( There is another accidental advantage in ( whatever you determine of it, you may assure ' marriage, which has likewise fallen to my ( yourself that it comes from one who is • share. I mean the having a multitude of chil. O " Your most humble servant, <dren. These I cannot but regard as very great,

and well wisher, blessings. When I see my little troop before

me, I rejoice in the additions which I have
( made to my species, to my country and to my

religion, in having produced fuch a number No. 501. SATURDAY, Ост.
of reasonable creatures, citizens, and christians.

I am pleased to see myself thus perpetuated; Durum : sed levius fit patientia

and as there is no production comparable to Quicquid corrigere eft nefas. " that of a human creature, I am more proud

HOR. Od. 24.1. 1. ver. 19. of having been the occasion of ten such glori- 'Tis hard : but when we needs must bear, ous productions, than if I had built a hun. dred pyramids at my own expence, or pub. Enduring patience makes the burden light. :

CRÉECH. 'lished as many volumes of the finest wit and

learning. In what a beautiful light has the S some of the finest compositions among holy scripture represented Abdon, one of the the ancients are in allegory, I have en

judges of Israel, who had forty sons and thirty deavoured, in several of my papers, to revive • grandsons, that rode on three score and ten that way of writing, and hope I have not been

ass-colts, according to the magnificence of the altogether unsuccessful in it; for I find there is reastern countries. How must the heart of always a great demand for those particular paw the old man rejoice, when he faw such a pers, and cannot but observe that several authors

beautiful proceflion of his own descendants, have endeavoured of late to excel in works of ' such a numerous calvalcade of his own raising this nature. Among these, I do not know any

For my own part, I can fit in my parlour one who has succeeded better than a very in

with great content when I take a review of genious gentleman, to whom I am obliged for "half a dozen of my little boys mounting upon the following piece, and who was the author hobby-horses, and as many little girls tutor

of the vision in the 46cth paper. ing their babies, each of them endeavouring to excel the rest, and to do something that TOW are we tortured with the absence of may gain my favour and approbation. I can what we covet to poffefs, when it appears not question but he who has blessed me with to be lost to us! What excursions does the

so many children, will assist my endeavours soul make in imagination after it! And how does ' in providing for them. There is one thing it turn into itself again, more foolishly fond and 'I am able to give each of them, which is a dejected, at the disappointment! Our grief, in'virtuous education. I think it is Sir Francis stead of having recourse to reason, which might

Bacon's obfervation, that in a numerous family restrain it, searches to find a further nouriin' of children, the eldest is often spoiled by the ment. It calls upon mernory to relate the several

prospect of an estate, and the youngest by be passages and circumstances of satisfactions which ing the darling of the parents; but that some we formerly enjoyed; the pleasures we pur

one or other in the middle, who has not per- chased by those riches that are taken from us ; 'haps been regarded, has made his way in the or the power and splendor of our departed ' world, and over-topped the rest. It is my honours; or the voice, the words, the looks, • business to implant in every one of my children the temper, and affections of our friends that

the same seeds of industry, and the same honest are deceated. It needs must happen from hence

principles. By this means I think I have a that the passion should often swell to such a • fair chance, that one or other of them may fize as to burit the heart which contains it, if

grow considerable in some or other way of time did not make these circumstances less

life, whether it be in the army, or in the feet, strong and lively, so that reason thould become ! in trade, or any of the three learned profef a more equal match for the parlion, or if ano' sions ; for you must know, Sir, that from ther desire, which becomes more present did

long experience and observation, I am per not overpower them with a livelier representa' suaded of what seems a parodox to most of tion. These are thoughts which I had, when I " those with whom I converse, namely, That a fell into a kind of vision upon this subject, and

man who has many children, and gives them may therefore stand for a proper introduction to a good education, is more likely to raise a a relation of it.

family, than he who has but one, notwith I found myself upun a naked shure, with com. "standing he leaves him his whole estate. For pany whose aflicted countenances witnessed

this reason I cannot forbear amusing myself their conditions. Before us flowed a warer with finding out a general, an admiral, or an deep, filent, and called the river of Tears, which,

alderman of London, a divine, a physician, or a issuing from two fountains on an upper ground, • lawyer among my little people who are now encompassed an iland that lay before us. The 'pes haps in petticoats; and when I see the boat which plied in it was oid and shattered,

motherly airs of my little daughters when having been sometimes overset by the impatience

they are playing with their puppets, I cannot and haste of single partongers to arrive at the " but fatter myself that their husbands and other side. This immediately was brought to

children will be happy in the possession of such us by Misfortune who steers it, and we were all wives and mothers.

preparing to take our places, when there ap. If you are a father, you will not perhaps peared a woman of a mild and composed bcm think this letter impertinent: but if you are haviour, who began to deter us from it, by re



presenting the dangers which would attend our on the other side were Care inwardly tormented voyage. Hereupon some who knew her for Pa. with imaginations, and Anguish suffering outtience, and some of those too who until then ward troubles to fuck the blood from her heart cried the loudest, were persuaded by her, and in the mape of vultures. The whole vault had a returned back. The rest of us went in, and genuine dismalnefs in it, which a few scattered the (whose good-nature would not suffer her to lamps, whose blueish flames arose and funk in forsake persons in trouble) desired leave to ac their urns, discovered to our eyes with increase. company us, that she might at least administer Some of us fell down, overcome and spent with some small comfort or advice while we failed. what they suffered in the way, and were given We were no sooner embarked but the boat was over to those tormentors that stood on either hand pushed off, the sheet was spread; and being of the presence; others, galled and mortified filled with fighs, which are the winds of that with pain, recovered the entrance, where Paticountry, we made a passage to the farther bank, ence, whom he had left behind, was still wait. through several difficulties of which the most of ing to receive us. us seemed utterly regardless.

With her (whose company was now become When we landed, we perceived the island to more grateful to us by the want we had found of be strangely overcast with fogs, which no her) we winded round the grotto, and ascended brightness could pierce, so that a kind of gloomy at the back of it, out of the mournful dale in horror fat always brooding over it. This had whose bottom it lay. On this eminence we something in it very mocking to easy tempers, halted, by her advice, to pant for breath; and insomuch that some others, whom Patience had litting our eyes, 'which until then were fixed by this time gained over, left us liere, and pri- downwards, felt a sullen fort of satisfaction, in vily conveyed themselves round the verge of the observing through the lades what numbers had isand to find a ford by which the told them entered the island. This satisfaction, which apthey might eicape.

pears to have ill-nature in it, was excusable, For my part, I still went along with those because it happened at a time when we were too who were for piercing into the center of the much taken up with our own concern, to have place; and joining ourselves to others whom respect to that of others; and therefore we did we found upon the same journey, we marched not consider them as suffering, but ourselves as solemnly as at a funeral, through bordering not suffering in the most forlorn eftate. It had hedges of rosemary, and through a grove of yew also the ground-work of humanity and compastrees, which love to overshadow tombs and fion in it, though the mind was then too dark fourish in church-yards. Here we heard on and too deeply engaged to perceive it; but as every side the wailings and complaints of several we proceeded onwards, it began to discover itof the inhabitants, who had cast themselves felf, and from observing that others were undisconsolately at the feet of trees; and as we happy, we came to question one another, when chanced to approach any of these, we might per- it was that we met, and what were the sad occeive them wringing their hands, beating their casions that brought us together. Then we heard breasts, tearing their hair, or after some other our stories, we compared them, we mutually manner visibly agitated with vexation. Our gave and received pity, and so by degrees became forrows were heightened by the influence of what tolerable company. we heard and faw, and one of our number was A considerable part of the troublesome road wrought up to such a pitch of wildness, as to was thus deceived ; at length the openings talk of hanging himself upon a bougla which among the trees grew larger, the air feemed fhot temptingly across the path we travelled thinner, it lay with less opprefsion upon us, and in; but he was restrained from it by the kind we could now and thien discorn tracks in it of a endeavours of our above-mentioned compa- lighter greyness, like the breakings of day, snort pion.

in duration, much enlivening, and called in that We had now gotten into the most dusky silent country « Gleams of Amusement”. Within a part of the island, and by the redoubled sounds short while these gleams began to appear more of fighs, which made a doleful whistling in the frequent, and then brighter and of a longer conbranches, the thickness of air, which occafioned tinuance; the sighs that hitherto filled the air fainsish respiration, and the violent throbbings of with so much dolefulness, altered to the found bicart which more and inore affe&ted us, we found of common breezes, and in general the horrors that we approached the “ Grotto of Grief.” of the island were abated. It was a wide, hollow, and melancholy cave, When we had arrived at last at the ford by funk deep in a dale, and watered by rivulets that which we are to pass out, we met with thofe had a colour between red and black. There fashionable mourners, who had been ferried over crept Now and half congealed amongst its wind- along with us, and who being unwilling to go ings, and mixed their heavy murmurs with as far as we, had coafted by the shore to find the the echo of groans that rolled through all the place, where they waited our coming; that by passages. In the most retired part of it far the ihewing themselves to the world only at the time doletul being herself; the path to her was when we did, they might seem also to have been ítrewed with goads, stings, and thorns; and among the troubles of the grotto. Here the her throne on which she sat was broken into a waters that rolled on the other side so deep and rock, with ragged pieces pointing upwards for filent, were much dried up, and it was an easier her to lean upon. A heavy mist hung above matter for us to wade over, her; her head oppressed with it reclined upon The river being crossed, we were received her arm: thus did the reign over her disconfo. upon the further bank, by our friends and aclate subjects, full of herself to stupidity, in eter- quaintance, whom Comfort had brought out to nal pensiveness, and the profoundeft filence. congratulate our appearance in the world again. On one side of her stood Dejection jutt dropping Some of these blamed us for staying so long into a swoon, and Paleness wasting to a skeleton; away from them, others advised us against all


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temptations of going back again ; every one

you see them often moved so dire&tly against all was cautious not to renew our trouble, by common sense and humanity, that you would asking any particulars of the journey; and all be apt to pronounce us a nation of savages. It concluded, that in a case of so much melancholy cannot be called a mistake of what is pleasant, and affiction, we could not have made choice of but the very contrary to it is what most af a fitter companion than Patience. Here Pa. furedly takes with them. The other night in tience, appearing serene at her praises, delivered old woman carried off with a pain in her lide,

with all the distortions and anguish of countonus over to Comfort. Comfort smiled at his receiving the charge ; immediately the sky purpled ance which is natural to one in that condition, on that fide to which he turned, and double day was laughed and clapped off the stage. Terence's at once broke in upon me.

comedy, which I am speaking of, is indeed written as if he hoped to please none but such as had as good a taste as himself. I could not but re

fiect upon the natural description of the innocent N° 502. MONDAY, Oct. 6.

young woman made by the servant to his maar

ter. “When I came to the house, said he, an Melius, pejus, projít, obfit, nil vident nisi quod lubent. “old woman opened the door, and I followed Ter Heaut. Act. 4. Sc. I.

“ her in, because I could by entering upon

« them unawares better observe what was your Better or worse, profitable or disadvantageous, “ mittress's ordinary manner of spending her they see nothing but what they lift.

of time, the only way of judging any one's in

« clinations and genius. I found her at her HEN men read, they taste the matter “ needle in a sort of second mourning, which

with which they are entertained, ac “she wore for an aunt she had latcly lost. She cording as their own respective studies and in

“ had nothing on but what thewed the dretied clinations have prepared them, and make their “ only for herself. Her hair hung negligently reflections accordingly. Some perufing Roman « about her shoulders. She had none of the arts writers, would find in them, whatever the sub « with which others use to let themselves off, ject of the discourses were, parts which implied « but had that negligence of person which is rethe grandeur of that people in their warfa e or markable in those who are careful of their their politics. As for my part, who am a mere • minds-Then me had a maid who was at Spectator, I drew this morning conclusions of « work near her that was a slattern, because their eminence in what I think great, to wit, in “ her mistress was careless; which I take to be having worthy sentiments, from the reading a « another argument of your security in her; for comedy of Terence. The play was the Self

“ the go-betweens of women of intrigue are Tormentor. It is from the beginning to the end " rewarded too well to be dirty. When you a perfect picture of human life, but I did not were named, and I told her you desired to see observe in the whole one passage that could raise a « her, the threw down her work for joy, colaugh. How well disposed must that people be,“ vered her face and decently hid her tears. who could be entertained with satisfaction by so -He must be a very good actor, and draw sober and polite mirth? In the first scene of the attention rather from his own character than comedy, when one of the old men accuses the the words of the author, that could gain it other of impertinence for interposing in his af among us for this speech, though so full of na. fairs, he answers, ' I am a man, and cannot ture and good senfe.

help feeling any sorrow that can arrive at man.' The intolerable folly and confidence of players It is said, this sentence was received with an putting in words of their own, does in a great universal applause. There cannot be a greater measure feed the absurd taste of the audience, argument of the general good underítanding of a But however that is, it is ordinary for a clutter people, than a sudden consent to give their ap of coxcombs to take up the house to themselves, probation of a sentiment which has no emotion and equally infult both the actors and the comin it. If it were spoken with ever so great skill pany. The savages, who want all manner of in the actor, the manner of uttering that fen- regard and deference to the rest of mankind, tence could have nothing in it which could strike come only to Thew themselves to us, without any but people of the greatest humanity, nay any other purpose than to let us know they depeople elegant and skilful in observations upon spise us. it. It is possible he might have laid his hand on The gross of an audience is composed of two his breast, and with a winning insinuation in his sorts of people, those who know no pleasure but countenance, expressed to his neighbour that he of the body, and those who improve or command was a man who made his case his own : yet I corporeal pleasures, by the addition of fine fenwill engage a player in Covent Garden might hit timents of the mind. At present the intelligent such an attitude a thousand times before he part of the company are wholly subdued, by the would have been regarded. I have heard that a insurrections of those wlio know no satisfactions minister of state in the reign of Queen Elizabeth but what they have in common with all other had all manner of books and ballads brought to animals. him, of what kind sover, and took great notice This is the reason that when a scene tending how much they took with the people; upon to procreation is acted, you see the whole pit in which he would, and certainly might, very well such a chuckle, and old letchers, with mouths judge of their present dispositions, and the most open, ítare at those loose gesticulations on the proper way of applying them according to his stage with shameful earnesiness ; when the own purposes. What passes on the stage, and juftcrt pictures of human life in its calm dignity, the reception it meets with from the audience, and the properest sentiments for the conduct of is a very useful instruction of this kind. Accor it, pass by like mere narration, as conducing ding to what you may observe there on our itage, only to fomewhat much better which is to come


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after. I have seen the whole house at some times • Last Sunday was seven-night I went into a in so proper a disposition, that indeed I have church not far from London-Bridge; but I trembled for the boxes, and feared the entertain ( with I had been contented to go to my own ment would end in the representation of the rape parish, I am sure it had been better for me; I of the Sabines.

say, I went to church thither, and got into a I would not be understood in this talk to argue pew very near the pulp t. I had hardly been that nothing is tolerable on the stage but what accommodated with a seat, before there entered has an immediate tendency to the promotion of into tie aisle a young lady in the very bloom virtue. On the contrary, I can allow provided of youth and beauty, and dressed in the most there is nothing against the interests of virtue, elegant manner imaginable. Her form was and is not offensive to good-manners, that things ' such, that it ergaged the eyes of the whole of an indifferent nature may be represented. For ( congregation in an instant, and mine among this reason I have no exception to the well drawn

the rest. Though we were all thus fixed upon rusticities in the country-wake; and there is

her, thc was not in the least out of countefomathing so miraculously pleasant in Dogget's nance, or under the least disorder, though unacting the aukward triumph and comic forrow of ' attended by any one, and not se.'ining to know Hob in different circumstances, that I shall not ? particularly where to place herself However, be able to stay awa whenever it is acted. All The h d not in the least a confident aspect, but that vexes me is, that the gallantry of taking the I moved on with the most graceful modesty, cudgels for Gloucestershire, with the pride of every one making way until the came to a heart in tucking himself up, and taking aim at • seat just over-against that in which I was his adversary, as well as the other's protestation placed. The deputy of the ward fat in that in the humanity of low romance, that lie could pew, and she stood opposite to him, and at not promise the 'squire to break Hob's head, but a glance into the seat, though she did not he would, if he could, do it in love; then appear the least acquainted witli the gentleflourish and begin: I say, what vexes me is, that man, was let in, with a confusion that spoke such excellent touches as there, as well as the

much admiration at the novelty of the thing. 'íquire's being out of all patience at Hob's fuc · The service immediately began, and she comcess, and venturing himself into the crowd, are posed herself for it with an air of so much circumstances hardly taken notice of, and the goodness and sweetness, that the confession height of the jeit is only in the very point that

r which the uttered so as to be heard where I heads are broken. I am confident, were there 'sat, appeared an act of humiliation more than a scene written, wherein Pinkethman should "Me had occasion for. The truth is, her beau. break his leg by wreitling with Bullock, and ty had something so innocent, and yet so fub. Dicky came in to set it, without one word said lime, that we all gazed upon her like a phanbut what should be according to the exact rules

tom. None of the pictures which we behold of surgery in making this extension, and bind • of the best Italian painters, have any thing ing up his leg, the whoule house would be in a I like the spirit which appeared in her counteroar of applause at the difíembled anguish of the nance, at the different sentiments expressed in patient, the help given by him who threw him the several parts of divine service. That gradown, and the handy address and arch looks of titude and joy at a thanksgiving, that lowlithe surgeon. To enumerate the entrance of

ness and sorrow at the prayers for the fick ghorts, the embattling of arinies, the noise of

( and distressed, that triumph at the passages herocs in love, with a thousand other enormities,

which gave instances of the divine mercy, would be to trangress the bounds of this paper,

which appeared respectively in her aspect, will for which reason it is possible they may have

'be in my memory to my last hour. I protest hereafter distinct discourses ; not forgetting any to you, Sir, ne suspended the devot:on of of the audience who shall set up for actors, and

every one around her; and the ease he did interrupt the play on the flage: and players who every thing with, foon dispersed the churlinh Mall prefer the applause of fools to that of the

dilike and hesitation in approving what is exreasonable part of the company.


cellent, too frequent among us, to a general ( attention and entertainment in observing her

behaviour. All the while that we were gazNo 503. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 7.

ring at her, me took notice of no object about

her, but had an art of seeming aukwardly atDeleo omnes debinc ex animo mulieres.

tentive, whatever else her eyes were accident, TER. Eun. Act 2. Sc. 3.

(ally thrown upon.

One thing indeed 'was From henceforward I blot out of my thoughts

particular, the stood the whole service, and all memory of womankind.

never kneeled or fat : I do not question but

that was to thew herself with the greater adMr. Spectator,

vantage, and set forth to better grace her hands OU have often mentioned with great and arms, lifted up with the most ardent de

vehemence and indignation the mif ' votion, and her bosom, the fairest that ever ( behaviour of people at church ; but I am at I was seen, bare to observation; while she, you

present to talk to you on that subject, and I must think, knew nothing of the concern the complain to you of one, whom at the fame gave others, any other than as an example of time I know not what to accuse of, except it • devotion, that threw herself out, without rebe looking too well there, and diverting the gard to dress or garment, all contrition, and eyes of the congregation to that one object. loose of all worldly regards, in ecstacy of devo• However I have this to say, that the might stion. Well, now the organ was to play a vo

have staid at her own parith, and not come to luntary, and she was so skilful in music, and • perplex those who are otherwise intent upon so touched with it, that the kept time not only • their duty.

i with some motion of her head, but also with


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