« PreviousContinue »
wisdom and virtue, I should be more severe up- several important uses for those parts, which uses on myself" than the public is disposed to be the ancients knew nothing of. In Nort, the boIn the mean while I desire my reader to confi- dy of man is such a subject as stands the utmost der every particular paper or discourse as a dif. test of examination. Though it appears formtinct tract by itself, and independent of every ed with the nicest wisdom, upon the most fuo thing that goes before or after it.
perficial survey of it, it still mends upon the I shall end this paper with the following let, fearch, and produces our surprize and amazeter, which was really sent me, as some others ment in proportion as we pry into it. What I have been which I have published, and for have here raid of an human body, may be apwhich I must own myself indebted to their re- plied to the body of every animal which has fpective writers.
been the subject of anatomical observations.
The body of an animal is an object adequate SIR,
to our senses. It is a particular system of ProWas this morning in a company of your vidence that lies in a narrow compass. The eye great satisfaction Tully's observations on ac ries can search into all its parts. Could the botion adapted to the British theatre : though, dy of the whole earth, or indeed the whole uniby the way, we were very sorry to find that verse, be thus fubmitted to the examination of you have disposed of another member of your
our senses, were it not too big and disproporticlub. Poor Sir Roger is dead, and the worthy oned for our enquiries, too unwieldy for the clergyman dying. Captain Sentry has taken management of the eye and hand, there is no possession of a fair estate ; Will Honeycomb question but it would appear to ús as curious has married a farmer's daughter; and the and well contrived a frame as that of an human Templar withdraws himself into the business body. We Mould see the same concatenation
of his own profession. What will all this and subserviency, the same reseflity and useful' end in ? We are afraid it portends no good ness, the same' beauty and harmony in all and
to the public. Unless you very speedily fix every of its parts, as what we discover in the a day for the election of new members, we body of every single animal. are under apprehensions of losing the British
The more extended our reason is, and the more Spectator. I hear of a party of ladies who able to grapple with immense objects, the intend to address you on this subject; and greater still are those discoveries which it makes question not, if you do not give us the nip of wisdom and providence in the works of the
very suddenly, that you will receive addresses creation. A Sir Isaac Newton, who stands up ' from all parts of the kingdom to continue fo
as the miracle of the present age, can look useful a work. Pray deliver us out of this through a whole planetary system ; consider it perplexity, and among the multitude of your from it as many demonftrations of infinite
in its weight, number, and measure; and draw • readers you will particularly oblige 'r Your most fincere friend and servant,
power and wisdom, as a more confined underPhilo-Spec.'
standing is able to deduce from the system of an human body.
But to return to our speculations on anatomy, I fhall here consider the fabric and texture of the
bodies of animals in one particular view ; which N° 543. SATURDAY, Nov. 22.
in my opinion, news the hand of a thinking and
all-wise Being in their formation, with the evi-Facies non omnibus una,
dence of a thousand demonstrations. I think Nec diversa tamen. Ovid. Met. l. 2. ver. 13. ciple, that chance never acts in a perpetual uni
we may lay this down as an incontested prinTho' not alike, consenting parts agree,
ormity and consistence with itself. Fashion'd with similar variety.
should always Aing the same number with ten
thousand dice, or see every throw just five times 'HOSE who were skilful in anatomy among less, or five times more in number than the
the ancients, concluded from the outward throw which immediately preceded it, who and inward make of an human body, that it would not imagine there is some invisible power was the work of a being transcendently wise which directs the cast ? This is the proceeding and powerful. As the world grew more en which we find in the operations of nature. lightened in this art, their discoveries gave them Every, kind of animal is diversified by different fresh opportunities of admiring the conduct of magnitudes, each of which gives rise to a difProvidence in the formation of an human body. ferent species. Let a man trace the dog cr lion Galen was converted by his dissections, and kind, and he will observe how many of the could not but own a Supreme Being upon a works of nature are published, if I may use the survey of this his handy work. There are, in- expression, in a variety of editions. If we look deed, many parts of which the old anatomists into the reptile world, or into those differenç did not know, the certain use; but as they say kinds of animals that fill the element of water, that most of those which they examined were we meet with the same repetitions among seveadapted with admirable art 'to their several ral species, that differ very little from one anofunctions, they did not question but those, whose ther, but in size and bulk. You find the same uses they could not determine, were contrived creature that is drawn at large, copied out in with the same wisdom for respective ends and several proportions and ending in miniature. purposes. Since the circulation of the blood has It would he tedious to produce instances of this been found out, and many other great discoveries regular conduct in Providence, as it would be have been made by our modern anatomists, we superfluous to those who are versed in the natural see new wonders in the human frame, and discern history of animals, The magnificent harmony
of the universe is such that we may observe in- body of a living creature, for which I refer my numerable divisions running upon the same reader to other writings, particularly to the sixth ground. I might also extend this speculation to book of the poem, entitled Creation, where the the dead parts of nature, in which we may find anatomy of the human body is described with matter disposed into many similar systems, as great perspicuity and elegance. I have been parwell in our survey of Itars and planets as of ticular on the thought which runs through this Itones, vegetable and other sublunary parts of speculation, because I have not seen it enlarged the creation. In a word, Providence has Mewn upon by others. the richness of its goodness and wisdom, not only in the production of many original species, but in the multiplicity of defcants, which it has
544. MONDAY, Nov. 24. made on every original species in particular.
But to pursue this thought fill farther : every, Nunquam ita quisquam benè subduetâ ratione ad living creature considered in itself, has many
vitam fuit, very complicated parts that are exact copies of fome other parts which it poffesfes, and which Quin rcs, ätas, usus, semper aliquid apportet novi,
Aliquid moneat ; ut illa, quæ te fcire credas, nescias; are complicated in the same manner. would have been fufficient for the fubfiftence Æl, quce tibi puráris prima, in experiundo ut res
padies. TER. Adelph. Act. 5. Sc. 4. and preservation of an animal; but, in order to hetter his condition, we see another placed with No man was ever so completely skilled in the a mathematical exactness in the same most ad conduct of life, as not to receive new inforvantageous situation, and in every particular of
mation from age and experience; insomuch the same size and texture. Is it possible for
that we find ourselves really ignorant of what chance to be thus delicate and uniform in her we thought we understood, and fee cause to operations ? Should a mil ion of dice turn up
reject what we fancied our truest interest. twice together the same number, the wonder would be nothing in comparison with this. But
THERE. are, I think, sentiments in the fol. when we see this fimilitude and resemblance in the arm, the hand, the fingers; when we see Sentry, which discover a rational and equal one half of the body entirely correspond with the frame of mind, as well prepared for an advan. other in all those minute strokes, without which tageous as an unfortunate change of condition. a man might have very well subfisted; nay, when we often see a single part repeated an hundred times in the same body notwithstanding it con Coverley-Hall, Nov. 15, Worcestershire. Gifts of the most intricate weaving of numberless AM come to the succession of the estate of fibres, and these parts differing fill in magni my honoured kinsman Sir Roger de Coverley ; tude, as the convenience of their particular fitua. and I assure you I find it no easy task to keep cion requires ; sure a man must have a strange up the figure of master of the fortune which caft of understanding, who does not discover the was so handsomely enjoyed by that honest finger of God in so wonderful a work. These plain man. I cannot, with respect to the duplicates in those parts of the body, without
great obligations I have be it spoken, reflect which a man might have very well subfifted, upon his character, but I am confirmed in the though not so well as with them, are a plain truth which I have, I think, heard spoken, at de:nonftration of an all-wile contriver; as those the club, to wit, that a man of a warm and more numerous copyings which are found a. well disposed heart with a very small capacity, mong the vessels of the same body, are evident is highly superior in human fociety to him who demonstrations that they could not be the work, with the greatest talents is cold and languid in of chance. This argument receives additional his affections. But, alas! why do I make a strength, if we apply it to every animal and
difficulty in speaking of my worthy ancestor's infeet within our knowledge, as well as, to those failings His little absurdities and incapacity numberless living creatures that are objects too for the conversation of the politeit men are minute for an human eye; and if we consider dead with him, and his greater qualities are how the several species in this whole world of even now useful to him. I know not whether life resemble one another in very many particu. by naming those disabilities I do not enhance laro, fo iar as is convenient for their respective his merit, since he has left behind him a re. 1tates of existence; it is much more probable 'putation in his country, which would be that an hundred inillion of dice thould be
worth the pains of the wiseft man's whole life casually thrown an hundred million of times in to arrive at. By the way I must observe to you, the same number, than that the body of any ' that many of your readers have mistook that pasfingle animal should be produced by the fortui sage in your writings, wherein Sir Roger is retous concourse of matter. And that the like ported to have enquired into the private chachance should arise in innumerable instances, "racter of the young woman at the tavern. requires a degree of credulity that is not under know you mentioned that circumstance as an the direction of common sense. We may carry ' instance of the fimplicity and innocence of his chis consideration yet further, if we reflect on mind, which made him imagine it a very easy the two lexes in every living species, with their thing to reclaim one of those criminals, and resemblances to each other, and those particular not as an inclination in him to be guilty with distincions that were necessary for the keeping 'her. The less discerning of your readers canup of this great worid of life.
not enter into that delicacy of description in There arc inany more dernonitrations of a the character : but indeed my chief business at suprimne Deing, and of his tiani endene wiscioni, this tine is to represent to you my present state pirtis, end goodies in the curmation of the
r mind, and thic satisiaclion promise to
myself in the posession of my new fortune. I many who have this worth, we could never • have continued all Sir Roger's servants, except ' have seen the glorious events which we have in
such as it was a relief to dismiss into little our days. I need not say more to illustrate • beings within my manour: those who are in the character of a soldier, than to tell you. he
a list of the good knight's own hand to be taken ' is the very contrary to him you observe loud,
care of by me, I have quartered upon such as · saucy, and over-bearing in a red coat about • have taken new leases of me, and added so
But I was going to tell you, that in many advantages during the lives of the persons honour of the profession of arms, I have set
lo quartered, that it is the interest of those apart a certain sum of money for a table for ! whom they are joined with, to cherish and (such gentlemen as have served their country in • befriend them upon all occasions. I find a the army, and will please from time to time to ' confiderable sum of ready money, which I am sojourn all, or any port of the year, at Co• laying out among my dependents at the com verley. Such of them as will do me that
mon interest, but with a design to lend it ac " honour, Tall find horses, servants, and all cording to their merit, rather than according ' things necessary for their accommodation, and
to their ability. I shall lay a tax upon such ' enjoyment of all the conveniencies of life in a ! as I have highly obliged, to become security to pleasant various country. If Colonel Cam
me for such of their own poor youth, whether perfelt be in town, and his abilities are not em' male or female, as want help towards getting ployed another way in the service, there is no ' into some being in the world. I hope I shall man would be more welcome here. That ' be able to manage my affairs so, as to improve gentleman's thorough knowledge in his pro
my fortune every year, by doing acts of kind- . * feffion, together with the simplicity of his man. ' ness. I will lend my money to the use of none ners and goodness of his heart, would induce ' but indigent men, fecured by such as have others like him to honour my abode ; and I • ceased to be indigent by the favour of my fa 'Thould be glad my acquaintance would take "mily or myself. What makes this the more " themselves to be invited or not, as their cha
practicable, is, that if they will do any one "racters have an affinity to his. good with my money, they are welcome to it ' I would have all my friends know, that they upon their own security: and I make no ex need not fear, though I am become a country ceptions against it, because the persons who ' gentleman, I will trespass against their tementer into the obligations, do it for their own perance and fobriety. No, Sir, I shall retain family. I have laid out four thousand pounds
' so much of the good sentimenis for the conduci this way, and it is not to be imagined what a • of life, which we cultivated in each other at • croud of people are obliged by it. In cales our club as, to contemn all inordinate pleawhere Sir Roger has recommended, I have lent
• sures : but particularly remember, with our money to put out children, with a clause beloved Tully, that the delight in food confifts " which makes void the obligation, in case the • in desire, not satiety. They who most par. " infant dies before he is out of his apprentice • fonately pursue pleasure, feldomest arrive at ' fip; by which means the kindred and masters
rit. Now I am writing to a philofopher, I are extremely careful of breeding him to in cannot forbear mentioning the satisfaction I "dustry, that he may repay it himself by his took in the passage I read yesterday in the same
labour, in three years journey-work after his "Tully. A nobleman of Athens made a com, • time is out, for the use of his securities. Op pliment to Plato the morning after he had sup
portunities of this kind are all that have oc ped at his houses “ Your entertainments do
curred since I came to my estate, but I assure « not only please when you give them, but also • you I will preserve a constant dispofition to
“ the day after.” catch at all the occasions I can to promote the
"I am, my worthy friend, ' good and happiness of my neighbourhood.
(Your most obedient • But give me leave to lay before you a little
humble servant, c establishment which has grown out of my past T
( William Sentry.' • life, that, I doubt not, will administer great « satisfactiom to me in that part of it, whatever " that is, which is to come.
N° 545. TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 25. There is a prejudice in favour of the way of • life to which a man has been educated, which Quin perins pacem æternam pačiosque Hymentos • Į know not whether it would not be faulty to
VIRG. Æn. 4. ver. 99. overcome: it is like a partiality to the interest of one's own country before that of any other Let us in bonds of lasting peace unite, nation. It is from an habit of thinking, grown And celebrate the hymeneal rite. upon me from my youth spent in arms, that I
Cannot but think the following letter from modesty, good-nature, justice, and humanity the Emperor of China to the Pope of Rome, • in a soldier's life, to be the most valuable and proposing a coalition of the Chinese and Roman ' worthy persons of the human race. To pass churches, will be acceptable to the curious. I
thro' imminent dangers, suffer painful watch, must confefs I myself being of opinion, that the (ings, frightful alarms, and laborious mar- Emperor has as much authority to be interpreter
ches for the greater part of a man's time, and to him he pretends to expound, as the Pope has pass the rett in sobriety conformable to the to be a vicar of the sacred perioa: he takes upon rules of the most virtuous civil life, is a merit him to represent, I was not a little pleased with too great to deserve the treatment it usually their treaty of alliance. What progress the nę. meets with
among the other part of the world. gotiation between his Majesty of Rome and his But I affure you, Sir, were there not very Holiness of China makes, as we daily writers say
N. A 2
6 old age.
upon subjects where we are at a loss, time will e confederato, ed ordiniamo che questo fogli let us know. In the mean time, since they ' fia segnato col nostro segno imperiale della nostra agree in the fundamentals of power and authority, citta, capo del mondo, quinto giorno della and differ only in matters of faith, we may ex • terza Lunatione, l'anno quarto del nostro impect the matter will go on without difficulty.
Sigillo e un fole nelle cui faccia e anche quella Copia di littera del Re della China al Papa, inter • della Luna ed intorno tra i Raggi vi fono tra
pretata dal Padre Segretario dell' India della poste alcune Spada. Compagna di Giesu.
• Dico il Traduttore che secondo il ceremonial
• di questo Lettere récedentisfimo specialmente "A voi Benedetto sopra i benedetti P P, ed inter fessere scritto con la penna dello Struzzo virgine
pretatore grande de Pontifici e Pastore Xmo, con la quelle non fogliosi fcrivere quei Re che dispe, fatore dell'oglio de i Rè d'Europa, " le pregiere a Dio, e scrivendo a qualche altro Clemente XI.
. a Principe del Mondo, la maggior Finezza che
• usino, e scriver gli con la penna del pavone.' TTL favorito amico di Dio Gionata fettimo,
potentiffimo fopra tutti i potentissimi della A letter from the Emperor of China to the Pope, terra, a.tillimo sopra tutti gli altiffimi fotto il interpreted by a Father Jesuit, fecretary to the • sole e la luna, che sude nella sede di smeraldo Indies.
della China a sopra cento fealini d'ox, ad in' ter vretare ia l ngue di Dio a tutti i defcendenti • To you blessed above the blessed, great Emperor
feelii d'Abramo, che de la vita e la morte a of Bishops, and Paftor of Christians, dispenser
cento quindici regni, ed a cento settante isole, • of the oil of the Kings of Europe, Clement XI. 'scrive con la penna dello struzzo vergine, e manda 6 salute e accrefimento di vecchiezza.
THE favourite friend of God Gionotto the 'Etiendo arrivato il tempo in cui il fiore della Seventh, most powerful above the most reale nostro gioventu deve maturare i frutti della powerful of the earth, highest above the highest norra veciuzza, e confortare con quell'i defi under the sun and moon, who fits on a throne derii de i Pipuli noftri divoti, e propagare il 6 of emerald of China, above one hundred steps feme di quella pianta che deve proteggerli, hab of gold, to interpret the language of God to the biaino fi.vilito d'accompagnarci con una virgine • faithful, and who gives life and death to one eccelsa ad amorosa allaitata alla mammella della hundred and fifteen kingdoms, and one hundred leonella forte e dell'agnella mansueta. Percio 6 and seventy islands; he writes with the quill of a
effendo ci stato figurato sempre il vostro populo ( virgin Ostrich, and sends health and increase of Europeo Romano per paese di donne invitte, i • forte, e caite; ailongiamo la nostra mano po • Being arrived at the time of our age, in which
tente, a fiingere una di loro, e questra fara una 's the flower of our royal youth ought to ripen « vostro nipote, o nipote di qualche altrograi Sa ' into fruit towards old age, to comfort therewith <cerdote Latino, che sia guardata dall'occhio (the desire of our devoted people, and to pro« dritto di Dio, sara seminata in bei l'autorita di pagate the feed of the plant which must protect
Sa-a, la fedelta d'Esther, e la sapienza di Abba ; them; we have determined to accompany, our" la vogliamo con l'occhio che guarda il cielo, e felves with an high amorous virgin, suckled at • la terra, e con la bocca dello conchiglia che si the breast of a wild lionels, and a meek lamb; ' parce della ruggiada del matino
La sua eta 6 and imagining with ourselves that your European non palli ducento corsi della Luna, la sua statura • Roman people is the father of many uncon' fia alta quanto la spicca dritta del grano verde, e querable and chaste ladies; we stretch out our • la sua groffezza quanto un manipolo di grano powerful arm to embrace one of them, and the
fecco. Noi la mandaremmo a vestire per li nostri • shall be one of your neices, or the neice of some « Mandatici Ambafciadori, e chi la conduraino a • other great Latin priest, the darling of God's ( noi, e noi incontraremmo alla riva del fiume o right eye. Let the authority of Sarah be fown « grande facendola salire suo nostro cocchio. Ella : in her, the fidelity of Esther, and the wisdom
potra adorare a presso di noi il suo Dio, con venti of Abba. We would have her eye like that of
quatro altre a sua ellezione, e potra cantare con " a dove, which may look upon heaven and earth, o loro come la tortora alla primavera.
o with the mouth of a thell-fith co feed upon the « Sodistando noi Padre a amico noftro questra 'dew of the morning; her age must not exceed « nostra brama, farete caggione di unire in per (two hundred courses of the moon; let her sta• petua woteiii vostri regni o’Europa al nostro do "ture be equal to that of an ear of green corn, • minante iinprio, e si abbracciranno le nostri r and her girth a handful.
leggi comme l'edere abbraccia la pianta, e noi 6 We will send our Mandarines Ambassadors to " medelemi fpargeremo del nostro seme realle in o clothe her, and to conduct her to us, and we • cotelte provincei, riscaldando i letti di voftri will meet her on the back of the great river, • Principi con il fuoco amoroio delle nostre Ama "making her to leap up into our chariot. She • zoni, d'alcune delle quali i nostri Mandatici may with us wortnip her own God; together • Amunciad ri vi porteranno le somiglianze de 6 with twenty-four virgins of her own choosing ; o depinte. V. Confirmiamo di tenere in pace le ' and she may fing with them as the turtle in the « due buone religiofo famiglie delli Misionarii, • spring. You, O facher and friend, complying • gli’neri figlioli' d'Ignazio, e li bianchi e neri (with this our desire, may be an occasion of o figlioli di Dominico, il cui consiglio degl'uni o uniting in perpetual friend'hip our high emCe degl' altri ti serve di scorta del nostro regi 'pire with your European kingdoms, and we may
mento e di lume ad interpretare le divine legge 5 embrace your laws as the ivy embraces'the tree; • come appuncro fa lume loglia che fi getta in and we ourselves may scatter our royal blood
in tanto alxandoci dal nostro trono per into your provinces, warming the chief of your bracciarvi, vi dichiariamo noftro conguinto princes with the amorous fire of our Amazons,
< the resembling pictures of some of which our of the performance. Mrs. Oldfield, who, it « faid Mandarines Ambassadors fhall convey to seems, is the heroic daughter, had fo just a conyou.
ception of her part, that her action made what We exhort you to keep in peace two good re the spoke appear decent, just, and noble. The "ligious families of Millionaries, the black fons passions of terror and compasion, they made me • of Ignatius, and the white and black fons of believe were very artfully raised, and the whole « Dominicus ; that the counsel, both of the one conduct of the play artful and surprising. We " and the other, may serve as a guide to us in authors do not relish the endeavours of players in • our government, and a light to interpret the this kind; but have the same disdain as physicians divine law, as the oil cast into the sea produces and lawyers have when attorneys and apothecaries
give advice. Cibber himlelf took the liberty to • To conclude, we rising up in our throne to tell me, that he expected I would do him justice,
embrace you, we declare vou our ally and con and allow the play well prepared for his spectators, • federate ; and have ordered this leaf to be sealed whatever it was for his readers. He added very i with our imperial signet, in our royal city, the many particulars not uncurious concerning the « head of the world, the eighth day of the third manner of taking an audience, and laying wait not
lunation, and the fourth year of our reign.'. only for their superficial applaufe, but also for
Letters from Rome fay, that the whole conver. insinuating into their affections and passions, by sation both among gentlemen and ladies has turned the artful management of the look, voice and gets upon the subject of this epiftle ever since it ar-, ture of the speaker. I could not but consent that rived. The Jesuit who translated it says, it loses the heroic daughter appeared in the rehearsal a much of the majesty of the original in the Italian, moving entertainment wrought out of a great and It seems there was an offer of the same nature made exemplary virtue. by a predecessor of the present Emperor to Lewis The advantages of action, show and dress on the Thirteenth of France, but no lady of that court these occasions are allowable, because the merit would take the voyage, that sex not being at that consists in being capable of imposing upon us to our time fo much used in politic negotiations. The advantage and entertainment. All that I was manner of treating the Pope is, according to the going to say about the honesty of an author in the Chinese ceremonial, very respectful: For the sale of his ware, was that he ought to own all Emperor writes to him with the quill of a virgin that he had borrowed from others, and lay in a Ostrich, which was never ufed before but in wri- clear light all that he gives his spectators for their ting prayers. Instructions are preparing for the money, with an account of the first manufacturers. lady who shall have so much zeal as to undertake But I intended to give the lecture of this day uport this pilgrimage, and be an Empress for the fake of the common and prostituted behaviour of traders her religion. The principal of the Indian Missiona- in ordinary commerce. The philosopher made it ries has given in a list of the reigning fins in China, a rule of trade, that your profit ought to be the in order to prepare indulgencies necessary to this common profit; and it is unjust to take any step lady and her retinue, in advancing the interests of towards gain, wherein the gain of even those to the Roman Catholic Religion in those kingdoms. whom you sell is not also consulted. A man may
deceive himself if he thinks fit, but he is no better To the SPECTATOR-GENERAL,
than a cheat who sells any thing without telling
the exceptions against it, as well as what is to be May it please your Honour,
said to its advantage. The scandalous abuse of gious magnitude pass by my observatory.
be observed every day in going from one place to T
Fohn Sly.' another, is what makes a whole city to an un
prejudiced eye a den of thieves. It was no small pleasure to me for this reason to remark, as I
pafled by Cornhill, that the shop of that worthy, N° 546. WEDNESDAY, Nov. 26.
honest, though lately unfortunate citizen, Mr. Omnia patefacienda, ut ne quid omnino quod venditor John Morton, so well known in the linen trade, nôrit, emptor ignoret.
TULL. is sitting up anew. Since a man has been in a Every thing should be fairly told, that the buyer faćtion to have passed through it in such a man
distressed condition, it ought to be a great satis. may not be ignorant of any thing, which the feller knows.
ner as not to have lost the friend hip of those who
suffered with him, but to receive an honourable СТ
ever I go, how much skill, in buying all man very persons to whom the law had configned his ner of goods, there is necessary to defend yourself estate. from being cheated in whatever you see exposed
The misfortune of this citizen is like to prove My reading makes such a strong im- of a very general advantage to those who shall deal pression upon me, that I should think myself a with him hereafter : for the stock with which he cheat in my way, if I should translate any thing now sets up being the loan of his friends, he canfrom another tongue, and not acknowledge it to not expose that to the hazard of giving credit, but
I understood from common report enters into a ready money trade, by which means that Mr. Cibber was introducing a French play he will both buy and sell the best and cheapest. upon our stage, and thought myielf concerned to He imposes upon himself a rule of affixing the let the town know what was his, and what was value of each piece he sells to the piece itselr; lo foreign. When I came to the rehearsal, I found that the most ignorant servant or child will be as the house fo partial to one of their own fraternity, good a buyer at his shop as the most skilful in the that they gave every thing which was laid such trade. For all which, you have all his hopes grace, emphasis, and force in their own action, and fortune for your security. To encourage dealthat it was no easy matter to make any judgraent ing after this way, there is not only the avoiding