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The following letter roquires neither introduc- to mention, by way of excuse, for my ingenicion nor answer.

ous correspondent, who hath introduced the

following letter, by an image, which, I will beg "Mr. Spectator,

leave to tell him, is too ridiculous in fo ferious :

Wonder that, in the present situation of and noble a speculation. any thing but news; for in a word, who

"Mr. Spectator, • minds any thing else ? the pleasure of increar CHEN I have feen young puss playing • ing in knowledge, and learning something

her wanton gambles, and with a • new every hour of life, is the noblest enter • thousand antic shapes express her own gaiety

tainment of a rational creature. I have a I at the same time that the moved mine, while

very good ear for a secret, and am naturally the old grannum hath sat by with a moft ex. 6 of a communicative temper; by which 'emplary gravity, unmoved at all that past; • means I am capable of doing you great ser "it hath made me reflect what should be the ! vices in this way. In order to make myself occasion of humours so opposite in two crea• useful, I am early in the antichamber, where

tures, between whom there was no visible • I thrust my head into the middle of the press, • difference but that of age ; and I have been • and catch the news, at the opening of the able to resolve it into nothing else but the door, while it is warm. Sometimes I ftand

< force of novelty. • by the beef-eaters, and take the buz as it

' In every species of creatures, those who « passes by me. At other times I lay my ear have least time in the world, appear best close to the wall, and suck in many a valua

• pleased with their condition : for, besides that • ble whisper, as it runs in a straight line from

to a new comer the world hath a freshness on 6 corner to corner. When I am weary with < it that strikes the sense after a most agreea• standing, I repair to one of the neighbouring ..ble manner, being itself, unattended with ' coffee-houses, where I sit sometimes for a

any great variety of enjoyments, excites a I whole day, and have the news as it comes sensation of pleasure. But as age advances, s from court fresh and fresh. In short, Sir, I

every thing seems to wither, the senses are • spare po pains to know how the world goes.

• disgusted with their old entertainments, and • A piece of news loles its flavour when it hath

existence turns fat and intipid. We may see « been an hour in the air. I love, if I may so this exemplified in mankind : the child, let

speak, to have it fresh from the tree; and ! him be free from pain, and gratified in his to convey it to my friends before it is faded.

change of toys, is diverted with the smallest • Accordingly my expences in coach-hire makes

trifle. Nothing disturbs the mirth of the boy, no small article; which you may believe,

but a little punishment or confinement. The when I assure you, that I post away from '" youth must have more violent pleasures to coffee-house to coffee-house, and forestall the

' employ his time; the man loves the hurry • Evening-post by two hours. There is a cer

of an active life, devoted to the pursuits of "tain gentleman, who hath given me the flip. wealth or ambition : and lastly, old age, hav• twice or thrice, and hath been beforehand

ring lost its capacity for these avocations, be. o with me at Child's. But I have played him a

comes its own unsupportable burden. The • trick. I have purchased a pair of the best coach-horses I could buy for money, and now

• variety may in part be accounted for by the

"vivacity and decay of the faculties ; but I « let him out-strip me if he can. Once more, « believe is chiefly owing to this, that the lon• Mr. Spectator, let me advise you to deal in

ger we have been in possession of being, the ( news. You may depend upon my assistance.

« less sensible is the gust we have of it; and • But I must break off abruptly, for I have

the more it requires of adventitious amusea • twenty letters to write,

ments to relieve us from the fatiety and Your’s in laste; ( weariness it brings along with it. « Tho. Quid-nunc.' " And as novelty is of a very powerful, fo

of a most extensive influence. Moralists have

• long since observed it to be the fource of ada, N° 626. MONDAY, Nov. 29. miration, which leffens in proportion to our

" familiarity with objects, and upon a thorough Dulcique animos novitate tenebo.

" acquaintance is utterly extinguished. But I Ovid Met. 1. 4. ver. 284.

think it hath not been lo commonly remarked, With sweet novelty your taste I'll please.

that all the other passions depend considerably

on the same circumstance. What is it but, EUSDEN.

novelty that awakens desire, enhances delight, Have seen a little work of a learned man, kindles anger, provokes envy, inspires hora which owed their birth to the most trifing oc • love languishes with fruition, and friendyhip currences of life. His usual method was, to • itself is recommended by intervals of absence : write down any sudden start of thought which hence monsters, by use, are beheld without arose in his mind upon the fight of any odd lothing, and the most inchanting beauty gesticulation in a man, any whimsical mimickry ' without rapture. That emotion of the spirits, of reason in a beast, or whatever appeared re

' in which passion confifts, is ufually the effect markable in any object of the visible creation. • of surprife, and as long as it continues; He was able to moralize upon a snuff-box, • heightens the agreeable or disagreeable quali would flourish eloquently upon a tucker or a

ties of its object ; but as this emotion ceases pair of ruffles, and draw practical inferences (and.it ceases with the novelty) things appear from a full-bottom'd periwig, This I thought fic in another light, and affect us even less than

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I might be expected from their proper energy,

addition, than in taking a review of our old - for having moved us too much before.

' store. There are some inconveniencies that " It may not be a useless enquiry how far follow this temper, if not guarded against, "the love of novelty is the unavoidable growth particularly this, that through a too great ea• of nature, and in what respects it is peculiarly 'gerness of something new, we are many times ' adapted to the present state. To me it seems impatient of staying long enough upon a quel

impoffible, that a reasonable creature Mould stion that requires fome tiine to resolve it, or, reit absolutely satisfied in any acquisitions, which is worse, perfuade curselves that we

whatever without endeavouring farther; for are masters of the subject before we are fo, "after its highest improvements, the mind hath only to be at the liberty of going upon a fresh

an idea of an infinity of things still behind scent ; in Mr. Lock's words, " we see a ' worth knowing, to the knowiedge of which « little, prefume a great deal, and so jump to " therefore it cannot be indifferent; as by climb. " the conclufiun." 'ing up a hill in the midit of a wide plain, a ' A farther advantage of our inclination for

man hath his prospect enlarged, and, together novelty, as at present circumstantiated, is, (with that, the bounds of his defires. Upon " that it annihilates all the boasted distinctions " this account, I cannot think he detracts from ' among mankind. Look not up with envy ' the state of the blessed, who conceives them to those above thee. Sounding titles, stately • to be perpetually employed in fresh searches buildings, fine gardens, gilded chariots, rich

into nature, and to eternity advancing into equipages, what are they? they dazzle every • the fathomless depths of the divine perfections, 'one but the poffeffor: to him that is accuf• In this thought there is nothing but what ( tomed to them they are cheap and regardless ''doth honour to these glorified spirits; provide things: they supply him not with brighter

ed still it be remembered, that their desire of images, or more sublime fatisfactions than

more proceeds not from their difrelishing the plain man may have, whose small estate • what they poffess; and the pleasure of a new may just enable him to support the charge of • enjoyment is not with them measured by its a simple unincumbered life. He enters heednovelty (which is a thing merely foreign and less into his rooms of state as you or I do un.

accidental) but by its real intrinsic value. der our poor sheds. The noble paintings and • After an acquaintance of many thousand ( costly furniture are loft on him; he fees them ( years with the works of God, the beauty and not: as how can it be otherwise, when by ''magnificence of the creation fills them with the ( custom, a fabrick infinitely more grand and • fame pleasing wonder and profound awe, which ' finished, that of the universe, stands unob• Adam felt himself seized with as he first opened served by the inhabitants, and the everlasting · his eyes upon this glorious scene. Truth capti. ' lamps of heaven are lighted up in vain, for 6 vates with unborrowed charms, and whatever any notice that mortals take of them ? thanks

hath once çiven satisfaction will always do it: in 'to indulgent nature, which not only placed • all which they have manifestly the advantage her children originally upon a level, but still,

of us, who are so much governed by fickly by the strength of this principle, in a great and changeable appetites, that we can with measure preferves it, in spite of all the care " the greatest coldnels behold the stupendous ? of man to introduce artificial distinctions. "displays of omnipotence, and be in transports " To add no more, is not this fondness of " at the puny essays of human skill; throw novelty, which makes us out of conceit with ( aside speculations of the sublimest nature and all we already have, a convincing proof of a (vastest importance into some obscure corner < future state ? either man was made in vain, " of the mind, to make room for new notions or this is not the only world he was made for : of no confequence at all; are even tired of for there cannot be a greater instance of ya. • health, because not enlivened with alternate o nity, than that to which man is liable, to be pain;

and prefer the first reading of an in • deluded from the cradle to the grave with different author, to the second or third peru fleeting shadows of happiness. His pleasures,

fal of one whose merit and reputation are 6 and those not conader.ble neither, die in the cestablished.

poffeffion, and fresh enjoyments do not rise "Our being thus formed serves many useful • fast enough to fill up half his life with satispurposes in the present Nate. It contributes « faction. When I see persons fick of them

not a little to the advancement of learning; "selves any longer than they are called away by 6 for, as Cicero takes notice, that which makes something that is of force to chain down the omen willing to undergo the fatigues of phi- present thought ; when I see them hurry from • lofophical disquisitions, is not so much the

country to town, and thien from the town greatness of objects as their novelty. It is not 6 back again into the country, continually shiftenough that there is field and game for the

ing postures, and placing life in all the differochace, and that the understanding is prompto ļent lights they can think of ; “ surely,” say I red with a restiefs thirst of knowledge, effec- to myself, “ life is vain, and the man beyond «tually to rouse the soul, funk into a ftate of expression stupid or prejudiced, whu from the

floth and indolence; it is also neceffary that 7 vanity of life cannot gather, he is designed for " there be an uncommon pleasure annexed to immortality."

the first appearance of truth in the mind. Tuis pliature being exquisite for the time it la ts, but transient, it heroby comes to pass

Wednesday that'the inind grows into an indifference to its former rotion's, and partes, on after new discoveries, in hope of repeating the delight.

It is with knowiedge as with wealth, the " pleasure of which lies mare in making endless

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“ ture I use in these filent conversations have N° 624. WEDNESDAY, Dec. I. " made me, for some time, the talk of the pa

“ rith ; but a neighbouring young fellow, who Tantum inter den jas umbrosa cacumine fagos

" makes love to the farmer's daughter, hath found Affidue veniebat; ibi hæc incondita folus

" me out, and made my case known to the whole Montibus & filvis ftudio jactabat inani.

« neighbourhood.

“ In planting of the fruit trees I have not forHe underneath the beechen shade alone,

got the peach you are so fond of. I have Thus to the woods and mountains made his moan.

« made a walk of elms along the river fide, and Dryden.

« intend to low all the place about with cowllips,

“ which I hope you will like as well as that I HE following account, which came to my

have heard you talk of by your father's house hands some time ago, may be no disagree

« in the country, able entertainment to Yuch of my readers as have

“ Oh! Zelinda, what a scheme of delight tender hearts and nothing to do.

" have I drawn up in my imagination ! what day• Mr. Spectator,

« dreams do I indulge myself in! when will the

« fix weeks be at an end, iliat lie between me and Friend of mine died of a fever last week A which he caught by walking too late in

my promised haprineis ?

“How could you break off so abruptly in your a dewy evening amongst his reapers. I must • inform you that his greatest pleasure was in hur

“ laft, and tell me you must go and dreis for the bandry and gardening. He had some humours

“ play? if you loved as I do, you would find no " which seemed inconlistent with that good sense

“ more company in a croud, than I have in any

66 solitude,
( he was otherwise master of. His uneasiness in
" the company of women was very remarkable in

“ I am, &c."
' a man of such perfect good-breeding, and his
• avoiding one particular walk in his garden, . On the back of this letter is written in the

where he had used to pass the greatest part of " hand of the deceased, the following piece of • his time, raised abundance of idle conjectures in

history
• the village where he lived. Upon looking over
his papers we found out the reason, which he

“ Mem. Having waited a whole week for an never intimated to his nearest friends. He was,

r answer to this letter, I hurried to town, where - it seems a passionate lover in his youth, of which

“ I found the perfidious creature married to my Sa large parcel of letters he left behind him are

" rival. I will bear it as becomes a man, and • a witneis. I send you a copy of the last he ever

6 endeavour to find out happiness for niyself in • wrote upon that subject, by which you will find

“ that retirement, which I had prepared in vain • that he concealed the true name of his mistress,

“ for a false ungrateful woman. ! under that of Zelinda.,

“ I am, &c.

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able to me, if the bufinets I am employed
in were nos for the service of my Zelinda, and No 628. FRIDAY, DECEMBER 3•
« of such a nature as to place her every moment
“ in my mind. I have furnished the house ex. Labitur et labetur in onine volubilis &uum.
“actly according to your fancy, or, if you please,

Hor. Ep. 2. 1. 1. ver. 43.
my own; for I have long lince learned to like
“ nothing but what you do. The apartment de- It rolls, and rolls, and will for ever roll,
“ figned for your use is so exact a copy of that
“ which you live in, that I often think myself • Mr. Speetator,
“ in your house when I step into it, but
“ ligh' when I find it without its proper in-

MERE are none of your speculations « habitant. You will have the most delicious

which please me more than those upon “ prospect from your closet window that England infinitude and eternity. You have already con« affords : I am sure I thall think it so, if the hidered that part of eternity which is past, and “ landskip that thews such variety did not at the I wish you would give us your thoughts upon that “ same time, suggest to me the greatness of the

« which is to come, “ space that lies between us.

" Your readers will perhaps receive greater « The gardens are laid out very beautifully; pleasure from this view of eternity than the " I have dressed up every hedge in woodbines, former, since we have every one of us a concern “ sprinkled bowers and harbours in every cor

in that which is to come : whereas a speeula“ ner, and made a little paradise round me; yet tion on that which is part is rather curious than “ I am still like the first man in his folitude, but I useful. “ half bleft without a partner in my happiness. • Besides, we can easily conceive it possible for « I have directed one walk to be made for two successive duration never to have an end; though “ persons, where I promise' ten thousand fatis as you have justly observed, that eternity which “ factions to myself in your conversation. I al. never had a beginning is altogether incompre“ ready take my evening's turn in it, and have 'hensible ; thas is, we can conceive an eternal « worn a path upon the edge of this little adley, duration which may be, though we cannot an $6 while I foothed myself with the thought of 6 eternal duration which hath been; or, if we may

your walking by my side. I have held many I use the philosophical terms, we may apprehend “ imaginary discourses with you in this re a potential though not an actual eternity. " tirement; and when I have been weary, hare • This notion of a future eternity, which is 11.8. " sat down with you in the midit of a row of jef..

«tural to the mind of man, is an unanswerabie " samins. The many expressions of joy and rap

6 argument

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argument that he is a being designed for it; cso (ner, may possibly forget that ever there was a pecially if we consider that he is capable of be « fun or planets, and yet, notwithstanding the ing virtuous or vicious here : that he hath fa- • long race we shall then have run, we ihall imculties improveable to all eternity; and by a agine ourselves just starting from the goal, and proper or wrong employment of them may be • find no proportion between that space which we happy or miserable throughout that infinite du • know had a beginning, and what we are sure ration. Our idea indeed of this cternity is not of ' will never have an end. an adequate or fixed nature, but is perpetually

But I thall leave this subject to your managegrowing and enlarging itself toward the object, ' ment, and question not but you will throw it • which is too big for human comprehension. As • into such lights as thall at once improve and eni we are now in the beginnings of existence, to tertain your reader. • Thall we always appear to ourselves as if we were • I have inclosed sent you a tranflation of the • for ever entering upon it. After a million or ' speech of Qato on this occasion, which hath • two of centuries, some considerable things, al ( accidentally fallen into my hands, and which • ready past, may slip out of our memory ; which, for monciseness, purity, and elegance of phrase, « if it be not strengthened in a wonderful man. cannot be sufficiently admired.' A CT V. SCENE I. A CT V. SC EN E I. CA TO folus, &c.

CATO alone, &c.
SIC, F se babere rem necefle prorsus eft,
Ratione vincis, do lubens manus, Plato.

T must be fo-Plato, thou reason't well" Quid enim dediset, quæ dedit fruftra nibil,

Else whence this pleasing hope, this fond

66 dcfire, « Àternitatis infitam cupidinem

« This longing after immortality? Natura? Quorsum bæc dulcis expectatio ;

“ Or whence this secret dread, and inward horror, Vitceque non explenda melioris fitis? Quid vult fibi aliud iste redeundi in nibil

“ Of falling into nought? why thrinks the soul

« Back on herself, and liartles at deltruction ? «Horror, sub imis quemque agens præcordiis ? Cur territa in se refugit anima, cur tremis

“ 'Tis the divinity that stirs within us;

" 'Tis Heaven itself that points out an hereafter, Attonita, quoties, morte ne pereat, rimet?

" And intimates eternity to man, Particula nempe efl cuique nascenti indita Divinior ; quæ corpus incolens agit ;

“ Eternity! thou pleasing, dreadful thought! Hominique succinit, tua eft æternitas. • Æternitas? O lubricum nimis afpici, Mixtumque dulci gaudium formidine ! Quæ demigrabitur alia binc in corpora !

« Through what variety of untry'd being, « Quee terra mox incognita. Quis orbis novus “ Through what new scenes and changes must we Manet incolendus ? Quanta erit mutatio ?

“ pafs! Hæc intuenti spatia mibi quaquà patent

« The wide, th’unbounded prospect lies before me;" Immensa : sed caliginofa nox premit ;

But thadows, clouds, and darkness reft upon it. Nec luce clarâ vult videri fingula.

« Here will I hold. If there's a power above us, Figendus bic pes ; certa funt hæc bactenus ; “ (And that there is all nature cries aloud • Si quod gubernet numen bumanum genus,

« Through all her works) he muft delight in virtue; (At, quod gubernet, ele clamant omnia)

" And that which he delights in must be happy. s Virtute non gaudere certè non poteft.:

66 But when, or where ! -This world was made Nec elle non beata, quá gaudet, poteft

“ for Cæsar. • Sed quâ beata sede? Ruove in tempore?

F I'm weary of conjectures—This must end 'em. Hæc quanta terra, tota eft Cæfaris.

(Laying bis band on bis sword, Quid dubius bæret animus ufque adeo ? Brevi Hic nodum bic omnem expedier. Arma en induor.

Enfi manum admovens. In utramque partem falla; quæque vim inferant,

« Thus am I doubly arm'd ; my death and life, * Et quæ propulfent! Dextera intentat necem ;

« My bane and antidote are both before ine.

« This in a moment brings me to an end; Vitam finiftra : vulnus bæc dabit manus;

« But this informs me I shall never die. « Altera medelam vulneris : bic ad exitum Deducet, iftu fimplici; bæc vetant mori.

“ The soul, secur'd in her existence, (miles • Secura ridet anima mucronis minas,

« At the drawn dagger, and defies its point.

« The stars shall fade away, the sun himnfelf Ensesque frictos, interire nescia. Extinguet ætas fidera diuturnior ;

« Grow dim with age, and nature fink in years ;

« But thou shalt flourish in ortal youth, Ætate languens ipse sol obfcurius

« Unhurt amidst the war of elements, Emittet orbi consenescenti jubar : Natura et ipfa sentiet quondam vices

" The wrecks of matter, and the crush of worlds. • Ætaris ; annis ipfa deficiet gravis : At tibi juventus, at tibi immortalitas : Tibi parta divúm eft vita. Periment mutui Elemente fefe et interibunt illibus.

No. 62 gadi " Tu permanebis fola femper integra, Tucuneta rerum quala, cuncta naufraga,

Jam portu in ipfo tuta, contemplabere. Compagne ruprâ, corruent in fe invicemi, Orbesque fractis ingerentur orbibus ; « lliceja rw sedebis exira fragmine.

N

THA

fures were concerted for the restoration, and No. 629. MONDAY, DECEMBER 6. without which he verily believes that liappy

revolution had never been effected; who there-Experiar quid concedatur in illos,

fore humbly prays to be made postmaster-geQuorum flaminia regitur cinis, atque latina.

neral. Juv. Sat. 1. ver. 170 A certain gentleman, who seems to write with

a great deal of spirit, and uses the words GalSince none the living dare implead,

lantry and Gentleman-like very often in his Arraign them in the persons of the dead.

petition, begs (that in consideration of his Dryden. having worn his hat for ten years part in the

loyal cavalier cock, to his great danger and de. EXT to the people who want a place, there triment) he may be made a captain of the

are none to be pitied more than those who guards. are folicited for one. A plain answer with a denial I shall close my account of this collection of in it is looked upon as pride, and a civil answer as a memorials, with the copy of one petition at promile.

length, which I recommend to my reader as a Nothing is more ridiculous than the pretensions very valuable piece. of people upon these occafions. Every thing a man hath luffered, whilst his. enemies were in The petition of E.H. Esq; humbly Theweth, play, was certainly brought about by the malice of the opposite party: A bad cause would not THAT your petitioners's father's brother's

uncle, Colonel W. H. lost the third finhave been lost, if such an one had not been

ger

of his left hand at Edgehill fight. upon the bench; nor profligate youth ditinherited, if he had not got drunk every night

That your petitioner notwithstanding the

smallness of his fortune (he being a younger by toasting an outed ministry. I remember a tory, who having been fined in a court of justice

• brother) always kept hospitality, and drank

i confusion to the roundheads in half a score for a prank that deserved the pillory, defired upon · the merit of it to be made a justice of peace when

bumpers every Sunday in the year, as several his friends came into power ; and shall never for

• honest gentlemen (whose names are unders get a whig criminal, who, upon being indicted written) are ready to testify. for a rape, told his friends, “ You see what a

" That your petitioner is remarkable in his • man suffers for sticking to his principles.'

country, for having dared to treat Sir P. P. The truth of it is, the sufferings of a man in

a cursed sequestrator, and three members of party are of a very doubtful nature.

When they

the assembly of divines, with brawn and are such as have promoted a good cause, and fallen

s minced pies upon New Year's-day.

" That your said humble petitioner hath been upon a man undeservedly, they have a right to be heard and recompensed beyond any other pre

o five times imprisoned in five several countytenfion. But when they rise out of rashness or

gaols, for having been a ring-leader in five indiscretion, and the pursuit of such measures as

• different riots; into which his zeal for the have rather ruined, than promoted the interest

royal cause hurried him, when men of greater

• estates had not the courage to rise. they alin at, which hath always been the case of many great sufferers, they only serve to recom

" That he the said E. H. hath had six duels mend them to the children of violence or folly.

• and four and twenty boxing matches in deI have by me a bundle of memorials presented

fence of his majesty's title ; and that he reby several cavaliers upon the restoration of

• ceived such a blow upon the head at a boneKing Charles'Il. which may serve as so many in

• fire in Stratford upon Avon, as he hath been stances to our present purpose.

never the better for from that day to this. Among several persons and pretensions re

That your petitioner hath been so far from corded by my author, he mentions one of a very

improving his fortune, in the late damnable great eftate, who, for having roasted an ox

' times, that he verily believes, and hath good whole, and distributed a hogshead upon King

' reason to imagine, that if he had been master Charles's birth-day, desired to be provided

of an estate, he had infallibly been plundered for, as his majesty in his great wisdom thall

and sequestred. think fit.

6 Your petitioner, in consideration of his said Another put in to be Prince Henry's governor,

i merits and sufferings, humbly requests that he for having dared to drink his health in the worst may have the place of receiver of the taxes,

o collector of the customs, clerk of the peace, of times. A third petitioned for a colonel's commiffion,

• deputy. lieutenant, or whatsoever else he mall for having cursed Oliver Cromwell, the day be

• be thought qualified for. fore his death, on a public bowling green.

• And your petitioner Tall ever pray, &c.' But the most whimsical petition I have met with is that of B. B. Esq. who defired the honour of knighthooù, for having cuckolded Sir T. W. N° 630. WEDNESDAY, Dec. 8. a notorious roundhead.

There is likewise the petition of one who Favete linguishaving let bis beard grow from the martyrdom

Hor. Od. 1. l. 3. ver. 2. of King Charles the first, until the restoration of King Charles the second, desired in consideration With mute attention wait. thereupon, to be made a privy-counsellor.

AVING no spare time to write any thing I must not onsit

of my own or to correct what is sent me that the memorialift had, with great dispatch, by others, I have thought fit to publish the fol. carried a letter from a certain lord to a certain lowing letters, Jord, wherein, as it afterwardę appeared, mea,

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memorial setting forth H

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