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The coquette may be looked'upon as a fourth « Ipla jacet, terræque tremens immurmurat alræ :: kind of female orators To give herself the larger s6 Utque salire sobet mutilatæ cauda colubræ fieid for discourse, the hates and loves in the same o Palpitai””.
Met. lib. 6. ver. 556 breath, talks to her lap-dog or parrot, is uneasy
-“ 'The blade had cut in all kinds of weather, and in every part of the « Her tongue scer of, close to the trembling root: room: the has falle quarrels and feigned obligations to all the men of her acquaintance; fighs, « Murmuring with a faint imperfect found;
“ The mangi'd part itill quiver'd on the ground, when she is not fad, and laughs when she is not
“ And, as a serpent wreaths his wounded train, merry. The coquette is in particular a great « Uneasy, panting, and poffefs’d with pain.” mistress of that part of oratory which is called
CROXAL. action, and indeed seems to speak for no other purpose, but as it gives her an opportunity of If a tongue would be talking without a mouth, Itirring a limb, or varying a feature, of glancing what could it have done when it had all its ora her eyes, or playing with her fan.
gans of speech, and accomplices of found about As for news, mongers, politicians, mimics, it? I might here mention the story of the pipstory-tellers, with other characters of that nature, pin woman, had I not some reason to look upon which give birth to loquacity, they are as com
it as fabulous. monly found among the men as the women; for
I must confess I am so wonderfully charmed which reason I shall pass them over in silence.
with the music of this little instrument, that I I have, often been puzzled to assign a cause would by ro means discourage it. All that I why women should have this talent of a ready aim at by this differtation is, to cure it of several utterance in so much greater perfection than men. disagreeable notes, and in particular of those lita I have sometim's fancied that they have not a tle jarrings and disonances which arise from an. rctcntive power, or the faculty of suppreling ger, censoriousness, gossiping, and coquetry. In their thoughts, as men have, but that they are short, I would always have it tuned by good. neceffitated to speak every thing they think, and nature, truth, discretion, and sincerity. if so, it would perhaps furnith a very strong argument to the Cartesians, for the supporting of their doctrine, that the soul always thinks. But NO 248. FRIDAY, DECEMEER 14. as several are of opinion that the fair sex are not altogether strangers to the art of diffembling and Hoe maximè officii eft, ut quisque maximè opis indiconcealing their thoughts, I have been forced to
geat, ita e porijinuum opitulari.
TULL. relinquish that opinion, and have therefore en It is a principal point of duty, to aliit another deavoured to seek after some better reason. (1) most, when he stands most in need of allir order to it, a friend of mine who is an excellent anatomist, has promised me by the first opportupity to di:fect a woman's tongue, and to examine
"HERE are none who deserve superiority whether there may not be in it certain juices do not make it their endeavour to be beneficial
over others in the esteem of mankind, who which render it ro wonderfully voluble or flippant, or whether the fibres of it may not be made their circumstances of life can administer, do not
to society; and who upon all occasions which up of a finer or more pliant thread, or whether take a certain unfeigned pleasure in conferring there are not in it some particular muscles which bencfits of one kind or other. Those whore dart it up and down by such sudden glances and vibrations; or whether in the last place, there great talents and high birth have placed them in may not be fome certain undiscovered cliannels conspicuous stations of life, are indispenfibly running from the head and the heart, to this lit- obliged to exert fome noble inclinations for the tle instrument of loquacity, and conveying into service of the world, or else fuch advantages beit a perpetual affiuence of animal spirits. Nor
come misfortunes, and made and privacy are à must I omit the reason which Hudibras has giv,
more eligible portion. Where opportunities and en, why those who can talk on trifles speak with inclinations are given to the same person, we like a race-horse, which runs the faster the lesser fcorn on all which in lower scenes of life we may the greatest Auency; namely, that the tongue is fometimes see sublime instances of virtue which
so razzle our imaginations, that we look with weight it carries.
Which of these reasons foever may be looked ourselves be able to practise. But this is a vicious upon as the most probable, I think the l-ishman's way of thinking; and it bears some spice of rothought was very natural, who after some hours mantic madness, for a man to imagine that he conversation with a female orator, told her, that must grow ambitious, or seck adventures, to be he believed her tongue was very giad which the able to do great actions. It is in every man's was asleep, for that it had not a moment’s reft all power in the world who is above mere poverty, thc while she was awake.
not cnly to do things worthy but heroic. The • That excellent old ballad of the wanton wife great foundation of civil virtue is felf-denial; of Bath, has the following remarkable lines :
an, there is no one above the necessities of life,
but has opportunities of exercising that noble so I think, quoth Thomas, womens tongues quality, and doing as much as his circumstances “ Of alpen leaves are made."
will bear for the ease and convenience of other And Ovid, though in the description of a very practise upon such occasions as occur in his life,
men; and he who does more than ordinary men harbarous circumstance, tells us: That when the deserves the value of his friends as if he had tongue of a beautiful female was cut out, and done enterprises which are ufually attended with thrown upon the ground, it could not forbear muttering even in that posture.
the highest glory. Men of public spirit differ
rather in their circumstances than their virtue; - Comprensom foreipe linguam
and the man who does all he can in a low sta" .15: ulite. fijeron Radix micat witima lingua, tion, is more a hero than he who omits any
worthy action he is able to accomplish in a great of that house to another were recorded. Were one. It is not many years ago fince Lapirius, there such a method in the families which are in wrong of his elder brother, came to a great concerned in this generosity, it would be an hard estate by gift of his father, by reason of the dis-, task for the greatest in Europe to give, in their solute behaviour of the firit-born. Shame and own, an instance of a benefit better placed, or contrition reformed the life of the disinherited conferred with a more graceful air. It has been youth, and he became as remarkable for his good heretofore urged how barbarous and inhuman is qualities as formerly for his errors. Lapirius," any unjust step made to the disadvantage of a who observed his brother's amendment, sent him trader; and by how much such an act towards on a new-year's day in the morning the following him is detestable, by so much an act of kindness, letter:
towards him is laudable. I remember to have
heard a bencher of the temple tell a story of a. Honoured Brother, Inclose to you the deeds whereby my father tradition in their house, where they had formerly, gave me this house and land: had he lived and allowing him hiš expences at the charge of
a custom of choosing kings for such a season, until now, he would not have bestowed it in the society: one of our kings, said my friend, that manner; he took it from the man you carried his royal inclination a little too far, and. were, and I restore it to the man you are. I
there was a committee ordered to look into the Sir,
management of his treasury. Among other Your affectionate brother,
things it appeared, that his majesty walking 6 and humble servant,
incog. in the cloister, had overheard a poor man P. T.'
say to another, such a small sum would make As great and exalted spirits undertake the me the happiest man in the world. The king pursuit of hazardous actions for the good of out of his royal compassion privately inquired others, at the same time gratifying their paf into his character, and finding him a proper fion for glory; fo do worthy minds in the do- object of charity, sent him the money. When mestic way of life deny themselves many advan- the committee read the report, the house palled
his accounts with a plaudit without farther tages, to satisfy a generous benevolence which they bear to their friends oppressed with distresses examination, upon the recital of this article in and calamities. Such natures one may call stores them,
1. of Providence, which are actuated by a secret
de celestial influence to undervalue the ordinary T For making a man happy 10:00:00 gratifications of wealth, to give comfort to an heart loaded with affliction, to save a falling family, to preserve a branch of trade in their No 249. SATURDAY, Dec. 15. neighbourhood, and give work to the industrious, preserve the portion of the helpless in- réaws äraigos év Bpolos desvòv xoxòy. fant, and raise the head of the mourning father.
Frag. Vet. Poet, People whose hearts are wholly bent toward Mirth out of season is a grievous ill. pleasure, or intent upon gain, never hear of the 'HEN I make choice of a subject that noble occurrences among men of industry and
has not been treated on hy others, I humanity. It would look like a city romance throw together my reflexions on it without any to tell them of the generous merchant, who the order or method, so that they may appear rather other day sent this billet to an eminent trader in the looseness and freedom of an essay, than in under difficulties to support himself, in whose the regularity of a set discourse. It is after this fall many hundred besides himself had perished; manner that I shall consider laughter and ridibut because I think there is more spirit and true
cule in my present paper. gallantry in it than in any letter I have ever read Man is the merriest species of the creation, all from Strephon to Phillis, I shall insert it even above and below him are serious. He sees things. in the mercantile honest ftile in which it was in a different light from other beings, and finds sent.
his mirth arising from objects that perhaps cause
something like pity or displeasure in higher naHAVE heard of the casualties which have poise to the spleen; and it seems but reasonable
tures, Laughter is indeed a very good countertime; and knowing you to be a man of great what is no real good to us, since we can receive
good nature, industry, and probity, have re- grief from what is no real evil.
I have in my forty-seventli paper raised a pounds, and has my order to answer your pher, who describes the first motive of laughter • drawing as much more on my account. I did
to be a secret comparison which we make be< this in haste, for fear I hould come too late i for your relief; but you may value yourself or, in other words; that fatisfaction which we
tween ourselves, and the persons we laugh at; o with me to the sum of fifty thousand pounds; receive from the opinion of some pre-eminence
for I can very chearfully run the hazard of in ourselves, when we see the absurdities of ano
being so much less rich than I am now, to save ther, or when we reflect on any past absurdities • an honeft man whom I love,
of our own. This seems to hold in most cases, Your friend and servant,
and we may observe that the vainest part of
• W. P. mankind are the most addicted to this passion. I think there is somewhere in Montaigne I have read a fermen of a conventual in the mention made of a family book, wherein all the church of Rome, on those words of the wife occurrences that happened from one generation man, " I faid of laughter, it is mad; and of
" mirth, what does it?" Upon which he laid it poetry runs beft in heroic verse, like that of the down as a point of doctrine, that laughter was Dispensary; or in doggerel, like that of Hudithe effect of original sin, and that Adam could bras. I think where the low character is to be not laugh before the fall.
: raised, the heroic is the proper measure; but Laughter, while it lasts, Nackens and unbraces when an hero is to be pulled down and degraded, the mind, weakens the faculties, and causes a it is done best in doggerel. kind of remifsness and diffolution in all the pow. If Hudibras had been set out with as much ers of the foul: and thus far it may be looked wit and humour in heroic verse as he is in dogupon as a weakness in the composition of human gerel, he would have made a much more agree.
But if we consider the frequent reliefs able figure than he does; though the generality we receive from it, and how often it breaks the of his readers are so wonderfully pleased with gloom which is apt to deprefs the mind and the double rhimes, that I do not expect many damp our spirits,' with tranfient unexpected will be of my opinion in this particular. gleams of joy, one would take care not to grow I fall conclude this essay upon laughter with too wife for so great a pleasure of life.
observing, that the metaphor of laughing, apg The talent of turning men into ridicule, and plied to fields and meadows when they are in exposing to laughter those one converses with, is flower, or to trees when they are in blossom, the qualification of little ungenerous tempers. runs through all languages; which I have not A young man with this cast of mind cuts him. obferved of any other metaphor, excepting that self off from all manner of improvement. Every of fire and burning when they are applied to one has his flaws and weaknefies; nay, the love. This shews that we naturally regard laughgreatest blemishes are often found in the most ter, as what is in itself both amiable and beautiihining characters; but what an absurd thing is ful. For this reason likewife Venus has gained it to pass over all the valuable parts of a man, the title of Dinopeidus, the laughter-loving dame, and fix our attention on his infirmities? to ob as Waller has translated it, and is represented by ferve his imperfections more than his virtues ? Horace as the goddefs who delights in laughter. and to make use of him for the sport of others, Milton in a joyous assembly of imaginary perrather than for our own improvement?
fons, has given us a very poetical figure of laughWe therefore very often find, that perfons the His whole band of mirth is so finely dea moft accomplished in ridicule are those who are scribed, that I shall set down the paffage at very shrewd at hitting a blot, without exerting length, any thing mafterly in themselves. As there are many eminent critics who never writ a good “ But come, thou goddess fair and free, line, there are many admirable buffoons that
“ In heay'n yclep'd Euphrosyne, animadvert upon every single defect in another, " And by men, heart-easing mirth, without ever discovering the least beauty of their " Whom lovely Venus at a birth, owu). By this mcans, these unlucky little wits
6 With two fifter graces more, often gain reputation in the esteem of vulgar “ To ivy-crowned Bacchus bore: minds, and raise themselves above perfons of “ Haste thee, nymph, and bring with thee mueh more laudable characters,
« Jeft and youthful jollity, If the talent of ridicule were employed to laugh “Quips and cranks, and wanton wiles, men out of vice and folly, it might be of fome « Nods, and becks, and wreathed (miles, use (to the world; but instead of this, we find « Such as hang on Hebe's cheek, that it is generally made use of to laugh men out 6 And love to live in dimple steek : of virtue and good sense, by attacking every thing « Sport that wrinkled care derides, that is folemn and serious, docent and praise « And Laughter holding both bis fides. worthy in human life.
6 Come, and trip it, as you go, We may observe, that in the first ages of the « On the light fantastic toe; world, when the great fouls and master-pieces " And in thy right hand lead with thee of human nature were produced, men shined by « The mountain nymph, sweet liberty: a noble fimplicity of behaviour, and were ftran « And if I give thee honour due, gers to those little embellishments which are so “ Mirth, admit me of thy crew, fathionable in our present conversation. And it « To live with her, and live with thee, is very remarkable, that notwithstanding we fall “ In unreproved pleasures free."
€ short at prefent of the ancients in poetry, painting, oratory, history, architecture, and all the noble arts and sciences which depend more upon No 250. MONDAY, DECEMBER 17. genius than experience, we exceed thein as much in doggrel, humour, burlesque, and all the trivial Disce docendus adbuc , quæ cenfet amiculus, ut si arts of ridicule.
We meet with more raillery Cæcus iter monftrare velit; tamen aspice fi quid among the moderns, but more good sense among Et nos, quod cures,proprium fecifle, loquamur. the ancients.
Hor. Ep. 17. lib, 1. ver. 3 The two great branches of ridicule in writing are comedy and burlesque. The first ridicules Yet hear what thy unskilful friend can say, persons by drawing them in their proper charac- As if one blind pretends to show the way; ters, the other by drawing them quite unlike Yet fee a-while, if what is fairly shown themselves. Burlesque is therefore of two kinds;
Be good, and such as you may make your own. the first represents mean persons in the accou
CREECH, trements of heroes, the other defcribes great
Spectator, persons acting and speaking like the baseft among Ou fee the nature of my request by the the people. Don Quixote is an instance of the
Latin motto which I address to you. I first, and Lucian's gods of the second. It is a 6 am very sensible I ought uor to use many words difpute among the critics, whether burlesque to you, who are one of but few; but the follow
cing piece, as it relates to fpeculation in propriety " BoĀTous wétuic "Hem.
of ipeech, being a curiosity in its kind, begs your « The ox-ey'd venerable Juno.” patience. It was found in a poetical virtuoso's
Now as to the peculiar qualities of the eye, closet among his rarities; and fince the several • treatises of thumbs, cars, and noses, have obliged the reception and feat of our pafions, appetites
" that fine part of our constitution seems as much ' the world, this of eyes is at your service.
6 and inclinations as the mind itself; and at least The first eye of confequence, under the invisible Author of all, is the visible luminary of
• it is as the outward portal to introduce them to
6 the house within, or rather the common thoo the universe. This glorious spectator is said ne
rough-fare to let our affeétions pafs in and out. ver to open his eyes at his rising in the morning,
• Love, anger, pride, and avarice, all visibly move ( 'without having a whole kingdom of adorers in
« in those little orbs. I know a young lady that • Pertian till waiting at his levee. Millions of
cannot fee a certain gentleman pass by without • creatures derive their fight from this original,
• Thewing a secret defire of seeing him again by a who, belides his being the great director of op- - dance in her eye-balls; the cannot for the heart "tics, is the surelt tett whether eyes be of the same • species with that of an eagle, or chat of an owl:
6 of her help looking half a street's length after
any man in a gay dress. You cannot behold a 6 the one he emboldens with a manly atlurance to
covetous spirit walk by a goldsınith's shop without look, Ipeak, act or plead before the faces of a nų
• cafting a withful eye at the heaps upon the counmerous assembly; the other he dazzles out of
. ter. Does not a haughty person thew the temper ** countenance into a theepith dejectedness.' The
of his soul in the supercilious roll of his eye ? and sun-proof eye dares lead up a dance in a full
• how frequently in the height of parlion does that court; and without blinking at the lustre of
moving picture in our head start and stare, gather beauty, can distribute an eye of proper coinplai- . a rednels and quick flathes of lightning, and "" lance to a room crouded with company, each of
• makes all its huinours sparkle with fire, as Vir( which deserves particular regard; while the other
gil finely describes it. • sneaks from conversation, like a fearful debtor, 6 who never dares to look out, but when he can
-Ardentis ab ore • sce no body, and no body him.
“ Scintiliæ abjiffunt : oculis milat acribus ignis. • The next instance of optics is the famous Ar
Æn. 12. ver. 101. gus, who, to speak the language of Cambridge,
From his wide nostril flies was one of an hundred; and being used as a ipy
“ A fiery Iteam, and sparkles from his eyes.". • in the affairs of jealousy, was obliged to have all
DRYDEN. « his eyes about him. We have no account of the " As for the various turns of the eye-light, such • particular colours, casts and turns of this body of as the voluntary or involuntary, the half or the
eyes; but as he was pimp for his mistress Juno, whole leer, I thall not enter into a very particu• it is probable he used all the modern leers, ily 'lar account of them, but let me observe, that ob
glances, and other ocular activities to serve his : lique vision, when natural, was anciently the • purpose. Some look upon him as the then king mark of bewitchery and magical fascination, and
at arms to the heathenish deities ; and make no " to this day it is a malignant ill look ; but when more of his eyes than so many Ipangles of his it is forced and affected, it carries a wanton deherald's coat.
• fign, and in play-houses, and other public places, “ 'The next upon the optic lift is old Janus, who this ocular intimation is often an allignation for 6 ftoed in a double fighted capacity, like a person « bad practices; but this irregularity in vision, to• placed betwixt two opposite looking-glasses, and ogether with such enormities as tipping the wink, "lo took a sort of retrospective cast at one view. o the circumspective roll, the hide-peep a thin hood • Copies of this double-faced way are not yet out or fan, muit be put in the class of heteroptics, as r of fashion with many professions, and the inge all wrong notions of religion are ranked under
nious artists pretend io keep up this fpecies by the general name of heterodox. All the perni
double-headed canes and spoons; but there is no Ocious applications of light are more immediately " mark of this faculty, except in the emblematical under the direction of a Spectator; and I hope way of a wise general having an eye to both front you
will arm your readers against the mischiefs • and rear, or a pious man taking a review and which are daily done by killing eyes, in which • prospect of his past and future state at the fame
you will highly oblige your wounded unknown time.
friend; • I must own, that the names, colours, quali
T. B.' « ties, and turns of eyes vary alınost in every head; Mr. Spectator, • for, not to mention the common appellations of
ou profeífed in several papers your parthe black, the blue, the white, the gray, and the
ticular endeavours in the province of Spece I like; the most remarkable are those that borrow • tator, to correct the offence committed by ftarers " their titles from animals, by virtue of some par who disturb whole affemblies without any regard • ticular quality of resemblance they bear to the to time, place or modesty. You complained also
eyes of the respective creatures; as that of a " that a ftarer is not usually a person to be con
greedy rapacious aspect takes its name from the vinced by the reason of the thing, nor so easily 7 cat, that of a sharp piercing nature from the • rebuked, as to amend by admonitions. I thought
hawk, those of an aniorous roguiih look derive ('therefore fit to acquaint you with a convenient • their title even from the iheep, and we say such « mechanical way, which may easily prevent or ' an one has a sheep's eye, not so much to denote correct staring, by an optical contrivance of new 6 the innocence as the limple llyness of the cait: • perspective-glasses, short and commodious like "nor is this metaphorical inoculation a modern • opera-glasses, fit for thort-fighted people as well « invention, for we find Homer taking the freedom 6 as others, these glasses making the objects appear,
to place the eye of an ox, bull, or cow in one of 6 either as they are seen by the naked eye, or more • his principal goddesses, by that frequent express ' distinct, though somewhat less than life, or « fion of
• bigger and nearer. A person may, by the help of
o this invention, take a view of another, without of London has the privilege of disturbing a whole • the impertinence of staring; at the same time it street for an hour together, with the twanking of • thall not be possible to know whom or what he a brass kettle or a frying pan. The watchman's . is looking at. One may look towards his right "thump at midnight startles us in our beds, as
or left hand, when he is supposed to look for- ? much as the breaking in of a thief. The low"wards: this is set forth at large in the printed gelder's horn has indeed something musical in * proposals for the sale of these glasses, to be had lit, but this is seldom heard within the liberties.
at Mr. Dillon's in Lung-Acre, next door to the I would therefore propose, that no instrument of ( White-Hart. Now, Sir, as your Spectator has this nature should be made use of, which I have • occafioned the publishing of this invention for '( not tuned and licensed, after having carefully ex.
the benefit of modeft spectators, the inventor de (amined in what manner it may affect the ears of • fires your admonitions concerning the decent ufe hier majesty's liege subjects.
of it; and hopes, by your recommendation, that - Vocal cries are of a much larger extent, and
for the future beauty may be beheld without the < indeed so full of incongruities and barbarisms, " torture and confufion which it fuffers from the • that we appear a distracted city to foreigners,
infolence of ftarers. By this means you will re who do not comprehend the meaning of such lieve the innocent from an insult which there is enormous outcries. Milk is generally fold in a
no law to punith, though it is a greater offence note above E la, and in sounds so exceeding • than many which are within the cognizance of thrill, that it often sets our iceth on edge. The justice. I am,
chimney-sweeper is confined to no certain pitch,
" he sometimes utters himseif in the deepest bars, • Your most humble servant, ' and sometimes in the sharpest treble ; sometimes 6 Abraham Spy.' ' in the highest, and sometimes in the lowest note
of the gamut. The same observation might be
« made on the retailers of small-coal, not to 'menNo 251. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 18. 'tion broken glaffes of brick-duft. If these theres
** 'fore, and the like cases, it hould be my care to ---Linguæ centum sunt, oraque centum,
sweeten and mellow the voices of these itinerant Ferrea vox
VIRG. Æn. 6. ver. 625. • tradesmen, before they make their appearance in -A hundred mouths, a hundred tongues,
our streets, as also to accommodate their cries tơ And throats of brass infpir'd with iron lungs.
their respective wares; and to take care in parDRYDEN. :
ticular, that those may not make the most noise
I who have the least to sell; which is very observHERE is nothing which more astonishes a able in the venders of card-matches, to whom !
I cannot but apply the old proverb of " Much cry the cries of London. My good friend Sir Ro " but little wool.” ger often declares, that he cannot get them out . Some of these last-mentioned musicians are so of his head or go to sleep for them, the first week very loud in the sale of these triling manufac. that he is in town. On the contrary, Will Honey tures, that an honest fplenetic gentleman of my coinb calls them the Kamage de la Ville, and prefers.acquaintance bargainèd with one of them never them to the rounds of larks and nightingales, with ? to come into the street where he lived: but all the music of the fields and woods. I have ( what was the effect of this contract ? why, the lately received a letter from some very odd fellow (whole tribe of card-match-makers which freupon this subject, which I thall leave with my rea quent that quarter, pafled by his door the very der without saying any thing further of it. o next day, in hopes of being bought off after the
( same manner. SIR,
" It is another great imperfection in our London AM a man out of all business, and would o cries, that there is no just time or measure obo
willingly turn my head to any thing for an served in them. Our news should indeed be pub• honest livelihood. I have invented several pro lished in a very quick time, because it is a comjects for raising many millions of money without modity that will not keep cold. It should not,
burdening the subjec?, but I cannot get the par however, be cried with the same precipitation as 1.5 liament to listen to me, who look upon me, for ( fire : yet this is generally the case. A bloody
• footh, as a crack, and a projector; fo that de o battle alarms the town from one end to another • spairing to enrich either mytelf or my country o in an instant. Every motion of the French is • by this public-spiritedness, I would make some published in so great a hurry, that one would ' proposals to you relating to a design which I have " think the enemy were at our gates. This like
very much at heart, and which may procure me rwise I would take upon me to regulate in fuch • a handsome subsistence, if you will be pleased to a manner, that there should be some distinction ( recommend it to the cities of London and West "made between the spreading of a victory, a march, 6 minster.
' or an incampment, a Dutch, a Portugal, or a · The post I would aim at, is to be comptroller « Spanish mail. Nor must I omit under this head • general of the London cries, which are at pre thoie exceflive alarms with which several boiste« fent under no manner of rules or discipline. I rous rustics infest our ítreets in turnip-season; ' think I am pretty well qualified for this place, as 6 and which are more inexcusable, because these
being a man of very strong lungs, of great insight 6 are wares which are in no danger of cooling upon ( into all the branches of our British trades and their hands. * manufactures, and of a competent skill in mu « There are others who affect a very low time,
' and are, in my opinion, much more tunable than • The cries of London may be divided into vocal 6 the former; the cooper in particular swells his ( and inftrumental. As for the latter, they are at • last note in an hollow voice, that is not without ' prefent under a very great disorder. A freeman its harmony; nor can I forbear being inspired