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ACT I.

SCENE I.

A fearful battle render'd you in music: An Antichember in the English Court, at Kenclworth. Turn him to any cause of policy,

The Gordian knot of it he will unloose, Enter the Archbishop of Canterbury, and Bishop! Familiar as his garter; that, when he speaks, ·of Ely.

5 The air, a charter'd libertine, is still, Cant. M y lord, I'll tell you,—that self bill is And the mute wonder lurketh in men's ears, org’d,

To steal his sweet and honey'd sentences; Which, in the eleventh year o'the last king's reign, So that the art, and practic part of life Was like, and had indeed against us past,

Must be the mistress to this theorique': But that the scaibling' and unquiet time 10 Which is a wonder, how his grace should glean it, Did push it out of further question.

Since his addiction was to courses vain ; Ely. But how, my lord, shall we resist it now? | His companies unletter'd, rude, and shallow;

Cant. It must be thought on, Ifit pass against us, His hours tilld up with riots, banquets, sports; We lose the better half of our possession:

And never noted in him any study, For all the temporal lands, which men devout 15 Any retirement, any sequestration By testament have given to the church,

From open haunts and popularity. Would they strip from us; being valued thus, Ely. The strawberry • grows underneath the As much as would maintain to the king's honour,

nettle; Full fifteen earls, and afteen hundred knights; And wholesome berries thrive, and ripen best, Six thousand and two hundred good esquires; 20 Neighbour'd by fruit of baser quality: And, to relief of lazars, and weak age,

And so the prince obscur'd his contemplation Of indigent and faint souls, past corporal toil, Under the veil of wildness; which, no doubt, A hundred alms-houses, right well supply'd; Grew like the summer grass, fastest by night, And to the coffers of the king, beside,

Unseen, yet crescive in his faculty'.. A thousand pounds by the year: Thus runs the bill. 25/ Cant. It must be so: for miracles are cras'd; Ely. This would drink deep.

And therefore we must needs admit the means, Cant. 'Twould drink the cup and all..

How things are perfected.
Ely. But what prevention ?

Ely. But, my good lord,
Cant. The king is full of grace, and fair regard. ! How now for mitigation of this bill
Ely. And a true lover of the holy church. 30 Urg'd by the communs? Doth his majesty

Cant. The courses of his youth promis'd it not. Incline io it, or no?
The breath no sooner left his father's body, 1 Cant. He seems indifferent;
But that his wildness, mortify'd in him,

Or, rather, swaving more upon our part,
Seem'd to die too: yea, at that very moment, Than cherishing the exhibiters against us:
Consideration like an angel caine,

135 For I have made an offer to his majesty, And whipp'd the offending Adam out of him; Upon our spiritual convocation ; Leaving his body as a paradise,

And in regard of causes now in hand, To envelop and contain celestial spirits.

Which I have open'd to bis grace at large, Never was such a sudden scholar made:

As touching France,-to give a greater sum Never came reformation in a flood”,

40 Than ever at one time the clergy yet With such a heady current, scouring faults; Did to his predecessors part sithal. Nor never Hydra-headed wilfulness

El. How did this oiter seem receiv’d, my lord? "So soon did lose his seat, and all at once,

Cant. With good acceptance of his majesty': As in this king.

Save, that there was not time enough to bear Ely. We are blessed in the change.

145 (As, I perceiv'd, his grace would fain have done) Cant. Hear him but reason in divinity,

The severals, and unhidden passages, And, all-admiring, with an inward wish

Of his true titles to some certain dukedoms; You would desire, the king were made a prelate: And, generally, to the crown and s: at of France, 'Hear hiin debate of common-wealth atlairs, | Deriv d from Edward, his great grandtather. You would say,--it hath been all-and-all his study: 50 Ely. What was the impediment that broke this List his discourse in war, and you shall hear

oft?

• Meaning, when every one scambled, i. e..scrambled and shifted for himself as well as he could. *Alluding to the method by which Hercules cleansed the Augean stables when he turned a river through them. That is, his theory must have been taught by art and practice. Theoric or thuorique is what terminates in speculation. i.e. The wild fruit so called, which grows in the woods. Sie. Increasing in its proper power. The passages of his titles are the lines of succession by which his claims descend. Unhidden is open, clear.

Can

Cant. The French ambassador, upon that instant, Which Salique land the French unjustly gloze
Crav'd audience: and the hour, I think, is come, To be the realm of France, and Pharamond
To give him hearing ; Is it four o'clock?

The founder of this law and female bar.
Ely. It is.

Yet their own authors faithfully affirm, Cant. Then go we in, to know his embassy; 5 That the land Salique lies in Germany, Which I could, with a ready guess, declare, Between the fionds of Sala and of Elbe : Before the Frenchman speaks a word of it. Where Charles the great, having subdu'd the Ely. I'll wait upon you; and I long to hear it.

Saxons,

[Excunt. There left behind and settled certain French; S CE N E II.

Who, holding in disdain the German women, Opens to the presence.

For some dishonest manners of their life, Enter King Henry, Gloster, Bedford, Warwick, Establish'd there ihis law, to wit, no female Westmoreland, and Exeter.

Should be inheritrix in Salique land; X. Henry. Where is my gracious lord of Can- Which Salique, as I said, 'twixt Elbe and Sala, terbury

115 Is at this day in Germany calle Meisen. Ere. Not here in presence.

Thus doth it well appear, the Salique law K. Henry. Send for him, good uncle!

Was not. devised for the realm of France: West. Shall we call in the ambassador, my liege? Nor did the French possess the Salique land K. Henry. Not yet, my cousin; we would be Until four hundred one and twenty years resolv'd,

120 After defunction of king Pharamond, Before we hear him, of some things of weight, Idly suppos'd the founder of this law; That task our thoughts”, concerning us and France. Who died within the year of our redemption Enter the Archbishop of Canterbury, and Bishop Four hundred twenty-six; and Charles the great of Ely.

Subdu'd the Saxons, and did seat the French Cant. God, and his angels, guard your sacred 25 Beyond the river Sala, in the year throne,

Eight hundred five. Besides, their writers say, And make you long become it!

King Pepin, which deposed Childerick, K: Henry. Sure, we thank you.

Did, as heir general, being descended My learned lord, we pray you to proceed; Of Blithild, which was daughter to king Clothair, And justly and religiously unfold,

30 Make claim and title to the crown of France. Why the law Salique, that they're in France, Hugh Capet also,-that usurp'd the crown Or should, or should not, bar us in our claim. Of Charles the duke of Lorain, sole heir male And God forbid, my dear and faithful lord,

Of the true line and stock of Charles the great,That you should fashion, wrest, or bow your To fine his title with some shew of truth, reading,

35 (Though, in pure truth, it was corrupt and naught) Or nicely charge your understanding soul

Convey'd himself as heir to the lady Lingare, With opening titles' miscreate, whose right Daughter to Charlemain, who was the son Suits not in native colours with the truth;

To Lewis the emperor, and Lewis the son For God doth know, how many, now in health, Of Charles the great. Also king Lewis the ninth, Shall drop their blood in approbation

40 Who was sole heir to the usurper Capet, Of what your reverence shall incite us to:

Could not keep quiet in his conscience, Therefore take heed how you impawn our person, Wearing the crown of France, 'till satisfy'd How you awake the sleeping sword of war; That fair queen Isabel, his grandmother, We charge you in the name of God, take heed: Was lineal of the lady Ermengare, For never two such kingdoms did contend, 45 Daughter to Charles the foresaid duke of Lorain, Without much fall of blood; whose guiltless drops Bythe which marriage, the line of Charles the great Are every one a woe, a sore complaint,

Was re-united to the crown of France. 'Gainst him, whose wrong gives edge unto the So that, as clear as is the summer's sun, i sword

King Pepin's title, and Hugh Capet's claim, That makes such waste in brief mortality. 50 King Lewis his satisfaction, all appear Under this conjuration, speak, my lord;

To hold in right and title of the female: .: For we will hear, note, and believe in heart, So do the kings of France unto this dav; . That what you speak is in your conscience wash'd Howbeit they would hold up this Salique law, As pure as sin with baptisin.

To bar your highness claiming from the female; Cant. Then hear me, gracious sovereign,-and 55 And rather chuse to hide them in a net,' you peers,

| Tian amply to imbare' their crookd titles, That owe your lives, your faith, and services, Usurp'd from you and your progenitors. To this imperial throne; There is no bar | Ki Henry. May I, with right and conscience, To make against your highness' claim to France,

make this claim? But this, which they produce from Pharamond,- 60 Cant. The sin upon my head, dread sovereiga! In terram Salicam mulieres ne succedant,

For in the book of Numbers it is writNo woman shall succeed in Sulique land.

When the son dies, let the inheritance

* John Holland, duke of Exeter, was married to Elizabeth the king's aunt... ? Meaning, keep our mind busied with scruples and laborious disquisitions. ?i. e. spurious. .. *1..jp.proviog and supporting that title which shall be now set up. This whole speech is copied from Holinshed. i e. to make it shewy is by some appearance of justice. ?1. e. lay open, display to view.

Descene

Descend unto the daughter. Gracious lord, I When all her chivalry hath been in France,
Stand for your own; unwind your bloody tag;
Look back unto your mighty ancestors :

She hath herself not only well defended,
Go,my dread lord, to your great grandsire's tomb, But taken, and impounded as a stray,
From whom you clain; invoke his warlike spirit, 5 The king of Scots; whom she did send to France,
And your great uncle's, Edward the black prince; To fill king Edward's fame with prisoner kings;
Who on the French ground play'd a tragedy, And make your chronicle as rich with praise,
Making defeat on the full power of France; As is the ouze and bottom of the sea
Whiles his most mighty tather on a hill

With sunken wreck and sumless treasuries. Stood smiling, to behold his lion's whelp

10 Exe. But there's a saying very old and true, Forage in blood of French nobility.-

If that you will lirance win, O noble English, that could entertain

Then with Scotland first begin: With half their force, the full pride of France; For once the eagle England being in prey, And let another half stand laughing by,

To her unguarded nest the weasel Scot All out of work, and cold for action!

115 Comes sneaking, and so sucks her princely eggs; Ely. Awake remembrance of these valiant dead, |Playing the mouse, in absence of the cat, And with your puissant arm renew their feats: 1 To taint and havock more than she can eat. You are their heir, you sit upon their throne; Ely. It follows then, the cat must stay at home: The blood and courage that renowned them, | Yet that is but a curs'd' necessity; Runs in your veins; and my thrice-puissant liege 20Since we have locks to safeguard necessaries, Is in the very May-morn of his youth,

And pretty traps to catch the petty thieves. Ripe for exploits and mighty enterprizes.

While that the armed hand doih fight abroad, Ere. Your brother kings and monarchs of thel The advised head defends itself at home: earth

For government, though high, and low, and lower, Do all expect that you should rouse yourself, 125 Put into parts, doth keep in one consent"; As did the former lions of your blood.

Congruing in a full and natural close, West. They know, your grace hath cause, and Like musick. means and might;

| Cant. True: therefore doth heaven divide
So hath your highness; never king of England The state of man in divers functions,
Had nobles richer, and more loyal subjects; 30 Setting endeavour in continual motion;
Whoseheartshaveleft their bodies here in England, To which is fixed, as an aim or butt,
And lie pavilion'd in the fields of France.

Obedience': for so work the honey bees;
Cant. 0, let their bodies follow, my dear liege, Creatures, that, by a rule in nature, teach
With blood, and sword, and fire, to win your right: The art of order to a peopled kingdomn.
In aid whereof, we of the spiritualty

135 They have a king, and officers of sorts: Will raise your highness such a mighty sum, Where some, like magistrates, correct at home; As never did the clergy at one time

Others, like merchants, venture trade abroad; Bring in to any of your ancestors. (French; Others, like soldiers, armed in their stings,

K. Henry. We must not only arm to invade the Make boot upon the summer's velvet buds ; But lay down our proportions to defend

140 Which pillage they with merry march bring home Against the Scot, who will make road upon us

| To the tent royal of their emperor: With all advantages.

[reign,

Who, busy'd in his majesty, surveys
Cant. They of those marches', gracious sove The singing masons building roofs of gold;
Shall be a wall sufficient to defend

The civil citizens kneading up the honey;
Our inland from the pilfering borderers. [only, 45 The poor mehanick porters crowding in

K,Henry. We do not mean thecoursing snatchers Their heavy burdeos at bis narrow gate;
But fear the main intendment of the Scot,

The sad-ey'd justice, with his surly hum,
Who hath been still aʼgiddy neighbour to us: Delivering o'er to executors pale
For you shall read that my great grandfather The lazy yawning drone. I'this infer,
Never went with his forces into France, 150 That many things, having full reference
But that the Scot on his unfurnish'd kingdom

To one consent, may work contrariously;
Came pouring, like the tide into a breach,

As many arrows, loosed several ways, With ample and brim fulness of his force;

Fly to one mark; Galling the gleaned land with hot assays;

As many several ways meet in one town; Girding with grievous siege castles and towns; 55 As many fresh streams run in one self sea; That England, being empty of defence,

As many lines close in the dial's centre; . Hath shook, and treinbled at the ill neighbourhood. So may a thousand actions, once afoot, Cant. She hath been then more fear'd than End in one purpose, and be all well borne harın'd, my liege:

Without defeat. Therefore to France, my liege. For hear her but exampled by herself, 160 Divide your happy England into four;

*The marches are the borders, the limits, the confines. Hence the Lords Marchers, i. e. the lords presidents of the marches, &c. ?j. e. inconstant, changealile. i. e. an unfortunate necessity, or a necessity to be erecrated. Consent is unison. The sense is, that all endeavour is to terminate in obedience, to be subordinate to the public good and general design of governinent.

Whereof is his beadle, war is his vengeance; so that here1 K. Henry. Indeed, the French may lay twenty men are punished, for before-breach of the king's French crownis 10 one, they will beat us; for Jaws, in now the king's quarrel: where they hey bear them on their shoulders : But it is no feared the death, they have borue life away ; and Liuglish treason to cut French crowns; and, to where they would be safe, they perish: Then if 5 morrow, the king himself will be a clipper. they die unprovided, no more is the king guilty of

[Ereunu soldiers. their damnation, than he was before guilty of those Upon the king' let us our lives, our souls, impieties for the which they are now visited. Our debts, our careful wives, our children, and Every subject's duty is the king's; but every sub- our sins, lay on the king; he inust bear all. ject's soul is his own. Therefore should every 100 hard condition! twin-born with greatness, soldier in the wars do as every sick man in his Subjected to the breath of every fool, [ing! bed, wash every moth out of his conscience: and Whose sense no more can feel but his own wring. dying so, death is to him advantage; or not dying, What intiniie heart's ease must kings neglect, the time was blessedly lost, wherein such prepa- That private men enjoy? and what have kings, rat.on was gained; and, in hun that escapes, it 15 That privates have not too, save ceromony? were not sin to think, that, making God so free and save general ceremony? oller, he let him out-live that day to see hii great- and what art thou, thou idol ceremony? ness, and to teach others how they should pre- lihat kind of God art thou, that sntfer'st more pare.

Of mortal griefs, than do thy worshippers? l'ill. 'Tis certain, that every man that dies ill, 20 Vhat are the rinti? what are thy comings-in? the ill is upon his own head, ine king is not to O ceremony, show me but thy worth! answer for it.

What is uni soul, O adoration? Butes. I do not desire he should answer for me: lart thou aught eise but place, degree, and form, and yet I deterinine to tight lustily for him. Creating awe and fear in other men ?

KiHenry. I myself heard the king say, he would therein thou art less happy being fear'd, not be ransom'al.

Than they in fearing. Will. Ay, he said so, to make us figlit chear that drink'st thou oft, instead of homage sweet, fully; but, when our throats are cut, le may be But poi un d lattery? O, be sick, great greatness, ransom'd, and we ne'er the wiser.

1 Ind bid thy ceremony give thee cure! K. Henry. If I live to see it, I will never trust Think'st thon, the fiery tiver will go out his word after.

With titles blown frovi itdilation? Will. You pay him then! that's a perilous shot Will it give place to flexure and low bending? out of an elder gun', that a poor and private dis Can'st ihou, when thou cominand'st the beggar's pleasure can do against a monarch! you may asi

knee,

[Jreann, well go about to turn the sun to ice, with fanning 35 Command the health of it? No, thou proud in his face with a peacock's feather. You'll never I That play'st so subtly with a king's repose, trust his word after! come, 'tis a foolish saying. ! (am a king, that find thee: and I know,

K. Henry. Your reproof is something too round: | Tis not the balı, the scepter, and the ball, I should be angry with you, if the time were con- the sword, the mace, the crown imperial, venient.

40 The enter-tissued robe of gold and pearl, Will. Let it be a quarrel between us if you live. The far-ed title running 'fore the king, K. Henry. I embrace it.

The throne he sits on, nor the tide of poinp Will. How shall I know thee again?

That beats upon the high shore of the world, K. Henry. Give me any gage of thine, and I No, not all these, thrice-gorgeous ceremony, will wear it in my bonnet: then, if ever thou 45 Not all these, laid in bed majestical, dar'st acknowledge it, I will make it my quarrel. Can slvep so soundly as the wretched slave;

Will. Here's my gluve ; give me another of Wlo, with a body tilld, and vacant mind, thine.

Gets him to rest, cramm'd with distressful bread, K. Henry. There.

Never sees horrid night, the child of hell; Will. This will I also wear in my cap: if ever 501But, like a lacquey, from the rise to set, thou come to me and say, after to-imorrow, This Sweats in the eye of Phæbus, and all night is my glore, by this hand, I will tahe thee a box Sleeps in Elysium; next day, after dawi, ph the car.

|Doth rise, and help Hyperion to his horse; K. Henry. If ever I live to see it, I will chal-! And follow so the ever-running year lenge it.

55 With profitable labour, to his grave: W' ll. Thou dar'st as well be hang'it.

And, but for ceremony, such a wretch, K. Henry. Well, I will do it, though I takel Winding up days with toil, and nights with sleep, thee in the king's company.

Had the forc-hand and vantage of a king. Hill. Keep thy word : fare thee well.

The slave, a member of the country's peace, Butes. Be friends, you English fools, be friends; 60 Enjoys it; but in gross brain little wots, Se have French quarrels enough, if you could What watch the king kelps to maintain the peace, tell how to reckon.

| Whose hours the peasant best adva'itages.

'Meaning, it is a great displeasure that an elder guncan do against a cannon. 2 Far ,ed is stufet meaning, the tunid puffy titles with which a king's paine is always introduced. Mm

Enter

yield.

Enter Erpingham.

Con. To horse, yougallantprinces! straightto horse! Erp. My lord, your nobles, jealous of your Do but behold yon poor and starved band, Seck through your camp to tind you. (absence, And your fair shrew shall suck away their souls, K. Henry. Good old knight,

Leaving them but the shales and husks of men. Collect them all together at my tent:

15 There is not work enough for all our hands; I'll be before thee.

Scarce blood enough in all their sickly veins, Erp. I shall do't, my lord.

[Erit. To give each naked curtle-ax a stain, K. Henry. () God of battles! steel my soldiers' That our French gallants shall to-day draw out, hearts !

And sheath for lack of sport: let us but blow on Possess them not with fear; take from them now 1101 them, The sense of reckoning, if the opposed numbers | The vapour of our valour will o'erturn them. Pluck their hearts from them! Not to-day, 01 'Tis positive'gainst all exceptions, lords, O not to-day, think not upon the fault (Lord, That our superfluous lacqueys,and our peasants, My father made in compassing the crown;

Who, in unnecessary action, swarm I Richard's body have interred new;

115| About our squares of battle,--were enough And on it have bestow'd more contrite tears, To purge this field of such a hilding foe; Than from it issued forced drops of blood.

Though we, upon this mountain's basis by, Five hundred poor I have in yearly pay,

Took stand for idle speculation : Who twice a day their wither's hands hold up But that our honours must not. - What's to say? Toward heaven, to pardon blood; and I have built 20 A very little little let us do, Two chantries, where the sad and solemn priests And all is done. Then let the trumpets sound Sing still for Richard's soul. More will I do: |The tucket sonuance and the note to mount: Though all that I can do, is nothing worth; For our approach shall so much dare the field, Since that my penitence comes after all,

That England shall couch down in fear, and Imploring pardon. Enter Gloster.

Enter Grandpré. Glo. My liege!

Grand. Why do you stay so long, my lords of K. Henry. My brother Gloster's voice !--Ay;

France? I know thy errand, I will go with thee:

Yon island carrions, desperate of their bones, 'The day, iny friends, and all things stay for me. 1301Il-favour’dly become the morning field:

[Excunt. Their ragged curtains poorly are let loose,
SCENE II.

And our air shakes them passing scornfully.
The French Cump.

Big Mars seems bankrupt in their beggard host, Enter the Dauphin, Orleans, Rambures, and And faintly through a rusty beaver peeps. Beaumont.

135 Their horsemen sit like fixed candlesticks, Ori. The sun doth gild our armour; up, my With torch-staves in their band': and their poor lords.

jades Dau. Montez à cheral :- My horse! ralet! Lob down their heads, dropping the hide and hips; lacquey! ha!

The gum down-roping from their pale-dead eyes; Orl. O brave spirit !

140 And in their pale dull mouths the gimmalt bit Dau. "Via!-les eaux & la terre.

Lies foul with chew'd grass, still and motionless; Ori, Rien plus ? l'air q: le fou.

And their executors, the knavish crows,
Dau. Ciel! cousin Orleans -

Fly o'er them all, impatient for their hour.
Enter Constable.

Description cannot suit itself in words,
Now, my lord Constable !

145 To demonstrate the life of such a battle Con. Hark, how our steeds for present service) lin life so liteless as it shew's it self. neigh!

Con. They have said their prayers, and they Dau. Mount them, and make incision in their

stay for death. hides;

Dau. Shall we go send them dinners, and fresh That their hot blood may spin in English eyes, 50 And daunt them with superfluous courage. Ha! | And give their fasting horses provender, Rum. What, will you have them weep our And after tight with them? horses' blood?

| Con. I stay but for my guards; On, to the field: How shall we then behold their natural tears? JI will the banner from a trumpet take, · Enter a Messenger.

155 nd use it for my haste. Come, come away! Mes. The English are embattled, you French The sun is bigh, and we out-wear the day. .... peers.

[Ercunt.

suits,

'Via! is an old hortatory exclamation, as allons! ? The tucket-sonuance was probably the name of an introductory flourish on the trumpet. Grandpre alludes to the form of the ancient candlesticks, which frequently represented human figures holding the sockets for the lights in their extended hands. * Geinmal is, in the western counties, a ring; a gimmul bit is therefore a bit of which the parts played one within another. It seems, by what follows, that guard in this place means rather something of ornament or of distinction than a body of attendants. The following quotation from Holinshed will best elucidate this passage-" The duke of Brabant, when his standard was not come, caused a banner to be taken froin a trumpet and fastered upon a spear, the which he coinmanded to be borne h am bim instead of a standard."

SCENE

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